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# 25. A plane electromagnetic wave travels in dielectric medium of relative permittivity 9.

Relative to
free space, the velocity of propagation in the dielectric is
A
.

increased by a factor of 9

B
.

increased by a factor of 3

C
.

unchanged

D
.

## reduced by a factor of 1/3

Explanation:
.
A (75 - j 40) W load is connected to a co-axial line of z0 = 75 at 6 MHz. The load matching on
the line can be accomplished by connecting
A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## a capacitance at a specific distance from the load

Explanation:
ZL = 75 - J . 40, ZC = 75 W, f = 6 mHz
Given ZL is capacitive, so proper matching, load must be inductive.
A plane wave is characterized by
A
.

linearly polarized

B
.

circularly polarized

C
.

elliptically polarized

D
.

unpolarized

Explanation:
Because, magnitude is different (0.5, 1) and phase is 90

the wave is

## A uniform plane wave is one in which

A
.

B
.

C
.

and

are perpendicular

D
.

and

lie in a plane

=0

Explanation:
For uniform plane wave, E and H must be in a plane but perpendicular to each other.
Which of the following should dominant wave have?
A
.

B
.

## Highest cut off frequency

C
.

No attenuation

D
.

No phase shift

Explanation:
Lowest cut off frequency or highest wave-length in a waveguide gives dominant modes.
The divergence of the electric field intensity at any point equals
A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

Explanation:

## What is the characteristic impedance at 10 MHz?

A
.

547.7

B
.

54.7

C
.

5.47

D
.

.547

Explanation:
, not depend upon frequency.

Which one of the following potential does not satisfy Laplace's equations?
A
.

v = 10 xy

B
.

v = cos

C
.
D
.

v = f cos + 10

## In a conductor which of the following relations hold good?

A
.

xD=

B
.

.D=

C
.

xD=0

D
.

.D=0

Explanation:
Inside a conductor free charge is zero, hence, x D = 0.

A
.

inductive

B
.

capacitive

C
.

resistive

D
.

Explanation:
l < /4, ZL = 0

## , if Zd comes +j kZC then inductive,

If Zd comes -j kZC then capacitive.

## In a line VSWR of a load is 6 dB. The reflection coefficient will be

A
.

0.033

B
.

0.33

C
.

0.66

D
.

3.3

Explanation:
VSWR = 100.6

= 0 is frequently known as

A
.

## continuity equation for steady currents

B
.

Laplace equation

Poisson's equation

.
D
.

A
.

xx

= ( .

) - 2 A

B
.

xx

= ( x

) - 2 A

C
.

xx

= 2 A - ( )

D
.

A
.

zero

B
.

inductive

C
.

capacitance

D
.

infinite

A
.

B
.

C
.

=-

D
.

A
.

yagi

B
.

grounded

C
.

turnstile

D
.

marconi

A
.

B
.

hexagonal shape

C
.

circular shape

D
.

## Velocity of the wave when it passes from air into sphere

A
.

decreases

B
.

increases

C
.

same

D
.

no change

The ratio of the directivity of an end fire antenna to that of a broadside antenna is
A
.

B
.

C
.

Explanation:

In End fire D = 4n

A
.

their frequency

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

double stub

C
.

D
.

balun

A
.

B
.

C
.

## transmitted through the ionosphere

D
.

unable to reach the ionosphere because of strong absorption in the lower atmosphere

A
.

B
.

antenna width

C
.

D
.

A
.

Poisson

B
.

Fourier

C
.

Laplace

D
.

Maxwell

A
.

B
.
C
.
D
.

A
.

## Standing wave ratio

B
.

Reflection coefficient

C
.

Gain

D
.

A
.

time

B
.

capacitance

C
.

velocity

D
.

resistance

A
.

short-circuited

B
.

open-circuited

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## none of the above

An end fire array consisting of several half-wave lengths of directive gain 40, then Find width of
A
.

B
.

5.73

C
.

51.25

D
.

## A wavelength of 1 mm could be expected in

A
.

VLF

B
.

HF

C
.

EHF

D
.

SHF

The numerical value of directivity of current element of half-wave dipole is 1.76 and 2.15 dB

respectively. The directive gain of half-wave dipole over current element will be
A
.

3.91 dB

B
.

1.95 dB

C
.

0.39 dB

D
.

0.195 dB

Explanation:
2.15 - 1.76 = 0.39 db.

A
.

B
.

less noisy

C
.

D
.

A

B
.

= /0

C
.

D
.

A
.

-1

B
.

C
.

D
.

Explanation:

## 1 dB is equal to __________ nepier

A
.

8.6

B
.

6.8

C
.

D
.

For the same length of arrays, half power beam-width of binomial array
A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

greater than

B
.

equal to

C
.

less than

## none of the above

Which of the following laws of electromagnetic theory is associated with the force experienced by
two loops of a wire carrying currents?
A
.

Maxwell's law

B
.

Coulomb's law

C
.

Ampere's law

D
.

Laplace's law

A
.

B
.

## decreases with increase of frequency

C
.

is independent of frequency

D
.

none

## To couple a coaxial line to a parallel to wire line it is best to use a

A
.

slotted line

B
.

balun

C
.

directional coupler

D
.

## The shunt admittance of a transmission line is given by

A
.

= R + jL

B
.

= R - jL

C
.

= G + jC

D
.

= jGC

A dipole antenna was radiating with some excitation in free space radiating a certain amount of the
power. If this antenna is immersed in a lake where water is non-dissipative but has a dielectric
constant of 81, the radiated power with the same excitation will
A
.

B
.

## remain the same

C
.

increase

D
.

decrease to zero

If short-circuited and open circuited impedances are 5 ohms and 20 ohms, then characteristic
impedance is
A
.

1 ohms

B
.

10 ohms

C
.

25 ohms

D
.

100 ohms

A
.

B
.

## the lines of force emanate from a point charge

C
.

the tangent to the line of force gives the direction of E and if they cross two tangents for E
which is not possible

D
.

## none of the above

A person with a receiver is 5 km away from the transmitter. What is the distance that this person
must move further to detect at 3 dB decrease in signal strength?
A
.

942 m

B
.

2070 m

C
.

4978 m

D
.

5320 m

A
.

= + j

B
.

= j

C
.

D
.

==0

SHF range is
A
.

30 - 300 MHz

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

monopole

B
.

loops

C
.

helical

D
.

lens

A
.

loop antennas

B
.

## log periodic antennas

C
.

paraboloidal dishes

D
.

rhombic antennas

A
.

/2

B
.

/ 45

C
.

/ /2

D
.

/ 0

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

any value

A
.

B
.

## F and q only are perpendicular to each other

C
.

F and v, F and B are mutually perpendicular to each other and v and B at any angle between
them

D
.

## All the four components are perpendicular to each other

An electromagnetic wave is incident normally on a dielectric boundary. It is

A
.

totally reflected

B
.

C
.

totally absorbed

D
.

## none of the above

According to maximum power transfer theorem, if the load is inductive, the source should be
A
.

inductive

B
.

capacitive

C
.

resistive

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## The value of susceptibility in case of vacuum is taken as

A
.

zero

B
.

0.5

C
.

unity

D
.

infinity

Self impedance is
A
.

## same for transmitting (Tt) and receiving antenna (Tr)

B
.

Tt > Tr

C
.

Tr > Tt

no relation

Equipotential surfaces about a point charge are in which one of the following forms?
A
.

Sphere

B
.

Planes

C
.

Cylinders

D
.

Cubes

__________ will have the least value of relative permeability.
A
.

B
.

Silver

C
.

Cobalt

D
.

Iron

## The disturbance from adjacent power lines is known as

A

cross talk

.
B
.

cross fire

C
.

inductive disturbance

D
.

## none of the above

Magnesium is alloyed with conducting materials for antenna primarily with the purpose of
A
.

increasing efficiency

B
.

C
.

reducing weight

D
.

increasing density

## Which of the following term applies to troposcatter propagation?

A
.

SIDs

B
.

C
.

Atmospheric storms

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

equal to unity

D
.

## either more or less than unity depending on the electron concentration

For space propagation, what will be the electric field strength at receiving antenna
A
.
B
.

30 WTGT

C
.

173WT

D
.

## A medium is said to be isotropic when

A
.

=0

B
.

C
.

D
.

is scalar constant

The radiation resistance of a resonant long wire antenna of half wavelength (/2) is given
A
.

73

B
.

120

C
.

377

D
.

7.3

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## E and H existing only in direction perpendicular to direction of propagation

The measure of mismatch between the load and the transmission line is known as
A
.

directivity

B
.

Gain

C
.

## standing wave ratio

D
.

reflection coefficient

In a vertical earthed antenna the base input impedance will be inductive for a height
A
.

less than

B
.

between

C
.

between

D
.

more than

The frequencies in ultra high frequency range are propagated by means of __________ waves
A
.

surface

B
.

ground

C
.

sky

D
.

space

## Maximum effective aperture of a

A
.

1.3 2

B
.

0.13 2

C
.

13 2

D
.

3.1 2

antenna is

The phase velocity of an EM wave propagating in a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide in the
TE10 mode is
A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

The wave is
A
.

## linearly polarized in z direction

B
.

elliptically polarized

C
.

D
.

A
.

TE waves

B
.

TM waves

C
.

TE and TM waves

D
.

TEM waves

A
.

B
.

## maintaining the distance of /2 between the elements

C
.

installing an identical array behind the main array at distance /4 and exciting it by current

D
.

installing an identical array behind the main array at distance /2 and exciting it by current

A
.

.
C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## none of the above

A lossless transmission line is connected to two identical voltage source as shown in figure.

## The impedance measured at the midpoint AA' is

A
.

B
.

100

C
.

50

D
.

25

A loss less transmission line is terminated in a load which reflects a part of the incident power. The
measured VSWR is 2. The percentage of the power that is reflected back is
A
.

57.73

B
.

33.33

C
.

0.11

D
.

11.11

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

ground wave

B
.

ionospheric wave

C
.

direct wave

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

get
A
.

zero power

B
.

power

C
.

## depend upon input signal strength

D
.

depend on frequency

A
.

lower BW

B
.

higher BW

C
.

flat response

D
.

A
.

B
.

## creation of electric dipoles

C
.

absorption of electrons

D
.

## release of high velocity protons

For a quarter wave transformer, characteristic impedance is related with input and load impedances
as
A
.

Z0 = ZR/ZS

B
.

Z0 = ZR . ZS

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

A
.

R << L; G << C

B
.

R = L, G = C

C
.

R >> L; G >> C

D
.

A
.

D layer

B
.

E layer

C
.

F1 layer

D
.

F2 layer

A

B
.

Half-wave dipole

C
.

Discone

D
.

Marconi

A
.

B
.

ohm/metre

C
.

tesla

D
.

ampere/metre

A
.

Ez = 0, Hz 0

B
.

Ez = 0, Hz = 0

C
.

Ez 0, Hz = 0

D
.

Ez 0, Hz 0

## Critical frequency of a layer in ionosphere

A
.

fc = 9 N

B
.

fc = 81 N2

C
.

fc = 81 N

D
.

Distances near the skip distance should be used for sky-wave propagation
A
.

B
.

to avoid tilting

C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

## Current is fed of equal amplitude equal phase

D
.

All

The effective length of an antenna (Le) is
A
.
B
.
C
.
D
.

A
.

x (A) = 1

B
.

x (A) =

C
.

x (A) = 0

D
.

x (A) = -

A
.

B
.

C
.

Power density

D
.

represent?

A
.

finite

B
.

infinite

C
.

unity

D
.

zero

A
.

-1

B
.

zero

C
.

unity

D
.

infinity

## In terrestrial microwave links, the number of 'fades' per unit increases as

A
.

both the transmission and the distance between the antennas are increased

B
.

the transmission frequency is increased but the distance between the antennas is decreased

C
.

the transmission frequency is decreased but the distance between the antennas is increased

D
.

both the transmission frequency and distance between the antennas are decreased

A
.

QB

B
.

Q 1/B

C
.

Q B2

D
.

Q 1/B2

## Select the correct relation

A
.

(AB) = A B + B A

B
.

. (AB) = A . B + A B

C
.

x (AB) = A x B + A B

D
.

## All of the above

Diffraction of electromagnetic wave
A
.

B
.

C
.

## arises only with spherical wavefronts

D
.

none of these

Power gain of antenna equals directive gain in VHF and UHF range if and only if efficiency of the
antenna is
A
.

0.25

B
.

0.5

C
.

0.75

D
.

A
.
B
.
C
.

D
.

A
.

B
.

## directly as square root of frequency

C
.

inversely as permittivity

D
.

## inversely as square root of conductivity

When a plane wave travelling in free space is incident normally on a medium having r = 4.0, then
fraction of power transmitted into the medium is given by
A
.

8/9

B
.

1/2

C
.

1/3

D
.

5/6

A

90, 270

.
B
.

180

C
.

45

D
.

at any angle

A
.

good conductors

B
.

semiconductors

C
.

dielectrics

D
.

ferrites

## The unit of displacement density is

A
.

volt/metre

B
.

ampere/metre2

coulombs/metre

.
D
.

coulombs/metre2

When microwave signals follow the curvature of the earth, this is known as
A
.

B
.

ducting

C
.

tropospheric scatter

D
.

ionospheric reflection

## Characteristic wave impedance is

A
.

B
.

(/)1/2

C
.

Ex/Hy

D
.

Hy/Ex

The attenuation factor and phase shift factor for a wave propagated in a good dielectric
having

are given by

A
.

B
.

==

/ , = /

C
.

= / , = /

D
.

= = /

Consider isotropic radiator radiating a power of 1 watt. At a distance of 1 metre, the power per unit
area with equal
A
.

1 watt/m2

B
.

4 watt/m2

C
.

1/4 watt/m2

D
.

2 watt/m2