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2016

HELLENIC REBUBLIC
DEMOCRITUS
UNIVERSITY OF THRACE
DEPARTMENT OF
ENVIRONMENTAL
ENGINEERING
MSc in The Technologies of
Environmental Legislation

. 12, 671 00

V. SOFIAS 12, GR 671 00


XANTHI

, 02/06/2015
. , .. 15060

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28/05/2016.

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UNEP:

United Nations Environment Programme

MAP :

Mediterranean Action Plan

PAP/ RAC:

Priority Actions Programme /Regional Activity Centre

EEA :

European Environment Agency

UNWTO:

United Nations World Tourism Organization

NOAA:

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

MPA:

Marine Protected Area

CBD:

Convention of the Biological Diversity

CEP:

Caribbean Environment Programme

MCSD:

Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable


Development

MSSD:

Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development

CAMP:

Coastal Area Management Plan

MSFD:

Marine Strategy Framework Directive

FAO:

Food and Agriculture Organization

HELMEPA:

ellenic Marine Environment Protection Association


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ABSTRACT
This paper aims at highlighting two key issues that modern European maritime
policy has to deal with, in line with the principles and guidelines of the Protocol on the
Integrated Management and protection of the Mediterranean coastal zones. The first,
comprises an immediate promotion of the need for rational use and protection of coastal
resources and ecosystems from intense urbanization, rising from the growing
concentration of tourist activity, in the, notably, vulnerable coastal areas. The second,
concentrates on paying particular attention to the promotion and strengthening of the
effort for a comprehensive, holistic and integrated perception of the Protocols principles
to new, modern actions and transnational cooperation initiatives, in order to achieve the
best protection possible of the coastal environment in both the tourist developed and,
especially, the tourist developing European countries. The purpose of this collective effort
is the further planning of a common European Integrated Maritime Policy for the whole
range of activities related to the sea, which, concerning tourism, should take into account
the specific natural characteristics, the biological resources and the carrying capacity of
each region and, further, contribute to the spatially and temporally balanced, as well as,
to the economically, environmentally and socially sustainable, development, through the
coherent and rational spatial organization of the European coastal areas. Conclusions from
the analysis of the tourist phenomenon, in both, the developed and so, economically
strong, but also, in the developing tourist countries, aspiring to gain significant share in
the global tourism market, while, at the same time, significantly, improving their
economic indicators, in view of the difficult international economic situation, are
complicated and vary, according to the degree of the countries administrative structure,
the existence of institutional and financial tools, and the appropriate expertise and
infrastructure. However, these conclusions converge to the point that, both concepts of the
integrated management of tourism activities in coastal areas, on the one hand, and the
sustainable tourism development, on the other, as inextricably linked to the priority areas
of EU environmental agenda, which are included in the Guidelines for ICZM and the
Water Strategy Directive, are ambiguous and complementary, directly connected with the
economic, social development and cohesion, having the spatial maritime and land
planning, as their main pillar. In short, spatially, well-planned and, by means of
environmental criteria, exerted tourist activity is, finally, the most sustainable and
efficient.

KEY WORDS:
Sustainable tourism, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Integrated Maritime
Policy, Maritime Spatial Planning, Sustainable Growth National Strategies, Carrying
Capacity of coastal areas.


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Signatures and Ratifications of the Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Marine
Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean and its Protocols as at 14 October 2014.

Contracting Parties
Albania
Algeria

2008 Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Protocol


10/
Signature
Ratification
Entered into
force
04.05.2010/AD
-

21.01.08

33

24.03.11
-

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Croatia
Cyprus
European Union
Egypt.
France
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2013

June
EU*
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Germany
Estonia
Ireland
Greece
Spain
France
Croatia
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Hungary
Malta
Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Slovakia
Finland
Sweden
United Kingdom**

10.0%
9.6%
7.5%
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13.3%
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11.5%
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:
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7.8%
10.0%
12.3%
12.5%
:
9.3%

July

August

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24.1%
16.9%
21.9%
19.4%
11.7%
16.8%
15.6%
26.2%
17.9%
18.8%
16.7%
27.4%
13.0%
15.7%
12.5%
15.5%
13.6%
11.8%
21.2%
17.0%
:
12.4%
10.4%
25.4%
23.7%
14.2%
:

17.2%
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26.3%
19.7%
8.6%
13.6%
12.3%
10.8%
31.3%
21.6%
18.0%
16.7%
32.7%
16.4%
13.8%
12.8%
20.3%
17.5%
12.6%
13.5%
16.8%
:
23.0%
20.8%
20.8%
26.7%
8.8%
:
10.6%

September
8.5%
8.0%
5.5%
7.5%
7.8%
10.2%
7.3%
8.5%
3.1%
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6.8%
7.4%
3.8%
10.6%
7.7%
13.4%
8.4%
7.1%
9.1%
8.9%
8.1%
:
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5.9%
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55


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61