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CLAAS Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen GmbH

"DYNAMIC POWER"
Operation in grass with a CLAAS Jaguar 960 Tier 4i

DLG Test Report 6027F

Brief description
Comparison of the "DYNAMIC POWER" engine characteristic control
to the conventional system used for grass applications:
Operating mode "DYNAMIC POWER"
Manufacturer
CLAAS Selbstfahrende
Erntemaschinen GmbH
Mnsterstrasse 33
D-33428 Harsewinkel
www.claas.de

Description of the machine settings and harvesting conditions


Determination of the dry matter content using the oven drying method
in the laboratory
Identification of the process times without turning times
Fuel consumption measurements, including AdBlue consumption
Calculation of the fuel consumption in l/h and l/t fresh mass
Identification of the harvest quantity on a certified truck scale
Calculation of the throughput in tonnes/h

DLG e.V.
Test Center
Technology and Farm Inputs
DLG Test Report 6027F

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Technical description CLAAS Jaguar 960 Tier 4i


The machine used is a JAGUAR
960, which meets the emission
standards Tier 4i or respectively
Euro 3b. The machine is equipped
with an SCR (Selective Catalytic
Reduction) system. The Mercedes
engine delivers 480 kW (653 hp)
according to ECE R 120 at 1,800
rpm.
The machine uses the proven drive
concept which has a belt drive

r unning from the transversely


mounted engine. All crop flow
components, from the cutter head
to the corn cracker all the way up
to the accelerator are directly
driven.
The forage harvester is equipped
with a "V-Max" knife drum, variable
chop length adjustment and adjustable accelerator position. Additionally CLAAS offers a job manage-

ment function for the acquisition of


the harvest amount, fuel consumption and area coverage. All this
data can be stored in the terminal
("CEBIS") and optionally printed,
read via chip card or transferred
online.
During the test period, a CLAAS
front attachment "Pick UP 300"
with a 3.00 m working width was
used.

Figure 2:
CLAAS Jaguar product photo, view of the drive unit in the forage harvester

DLG Test Report 6027F

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Functional principle Dynamic Power


The "DYNAMIC POWER" system
offers a level of performance
according to the current requirement and provides this power in a
tiered manner. The machine will
detect if the forage harvester cannot
be operated at the optimal point
of consumption and performance
due to external conditions (e.g. low
yielding grass). The forage harvester
then automatically reduces its performance. In response to the lower
power provision of the motor the
RPM will decrease and move to the
optimum speed range between
1800-1900 rpm.

Depending on harvesting con


ditions and load situations, engine
power can be increased or decreased. An intervention by the
driver or a pre-selection is not required. The "DYNAMIC POWER"
system can be activated or deactivated as required in the terminal
("CEBIS").
In addition, the "DYNAMIC
POWER" system can be combined
with the cruise control. For a better
comparison this was used within
the scope of the measurement to
maintain the environmental con
ditions as constant as possible.

The graph illustrates the behaviour


of the engine characteristic control
"DYNAMIC POWER" under different harvesting conditions. The data
is not based on the current test,
but rather provides a data statement
for an average h
arvest day. The
10stages shown automatically
adapt to the harvesting conditions.
Through the adapted engine be
haviour a reduction in fuel consumption can be achieved per ton
of fresh mass, in the partial load
range where full engine power is
not required.

Figure 3:
Functional description of DYNAMIC POWER, comparison with DYNAMIC POWER enabled and disabled (see
also www.claas.com JAGUAR 2012)
DLG Test Report 6027F

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Test content and implementation


the swath conditions the machine
mainly operated at power levels
between 2 and 5 (Fig.3).

Figure 4:
Harvesting conditions during the test period with an average dry matter
content of 31.3%
The DLG Focus Test "Fuel consumption and throughput in grass"
was carried out on a dairy farm in
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
during third cut grass.
The aim of the experiment was
to determine the potential fuel consumption savings of "DYNAMIC
POWER" in comparison to the conventional system and to simultaneously quantify the harvest quantity
throughput.

The aim of this was to achieve a


possible max. throughput and fuel
consumption without "DYNAMIC
POWER" with speeds up to max.
15km/h. An engine overloading to
1800 rpm could not be achieved
under these conditions without
"DYNAMIC POWER". During the
test series operation cruise control
was activated to ensure a uniform
and constant speed. Depending on

To ensure comparable conditions


between the "DYNAMIC POWER"
enabled and disabled test series,
single swaths were collected alternately with the forage harvester.
During the test period, a dry matter
content between 25% and 50%
was measured which led to an
average value of 31.3%. A ley grass
and field grass mix was harvested
on extensively cultivated grassland
areas that had suffered from heavy
rainfall and flooding in the summer.
Both grass types were evenly distributed between the different
measurement series. The average
swath density of the fresh mass was
10.1 kg/m (3.9 kg dry matter/m), the
average swath widths were 1.2 m
wide and 0.3 m high, which
corresponds to an average yield of
3.41 t dry wt/hectare.
In total, 457 tons of fresh mass
grass at an average driving speed
of 11 km/h were harvested and
used as a meaningful reference for
the evaluation of the measurement
results.

Throughout the entire experimental


period the settings on the forage
harvester and grass pick-up were
unaltered. The length of cut was
adjusted to 22 mm and the accelerator position was set to 4 mm. In
addition, all test-run operations
were performed in the 2nd drive
gear and with all-wheel drive. The
knife drum was equipped with
18blades and the shear bar was set
to position 3 according to the
("CEBIS") display. At least once a
day, the knives were sharpened
with 15 cycles.
The utility attachment was operated
with the fast feed-in speed and a
pick-up height of 25-26% according to the ("CEBIS") display.
At the beginning of the actual
measurements, two test versions
without "DYNAMIC POWER" at
max. speed were performed.

Figure 5:
CLAAS Jaguar Tier 4i at the swath beginning, shortly before a series of
experiments
DLG Test Report 6027F

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Test results
Table 1:
Comparative results table for "DYNAMIC POWER" enabled/disabled
DYNAMIC POWER
enabled

DYNAMIC POWER
disabled

1881 rpm

2051 rpm

8.3 %

Fuel consumption

72.5 l/h

82.7 l/h

12.3 %

Fuel consumption

0.84 l/t fresh mass

0.94 l/t fresh mass

10.6 %

AdBlue consumption

3.78 l/h

3.65 l/h

3.4 %

3.72 l/h

AdBlue consumption

29.2 l/t fresh mass

28.8 l/t fresh mass

1.4 %

2.9 l/t fresh mass

Fresh mass

224.1 t

233.1 t

3.9 %

Throughput fresh mass

97.0 t/h

99.2 t/h

2.2 %

Table 1 shows the experimental


results in overview. The test results
shown are the pure processing
times without turning times
throughout the test period.
From the table it can be identified
that under the experimental con
ditions a remarkable saving in fuel
consumption of 10.6% per l/t of
fresh mass was achieved with
"DYNAMIC POWER". The results
clearly demonstrate that a lowering
of the engine speed through a
tiered process is a crucial factor
when trying to attain fuel savings.
The measurements also revealed
that the ratio of diesel consumption
to AdBlue consumption can be
expected to be about 5% and
should be anticipated to be approx.
30 ml (0.03 l) per ton of fresh mass.
The average throughput of 98 t/h
of fresh mass for a third cutting of
grass is a common value that reflects the good experimental con
ditions.

Figure 6 shows the fuel savings with


"DYNAMIC POWER" activated
compared to "DYNAMIC POWER"
disabled in a graphical form. Hereby, it can be clearly seen that the
AdBlue consumption remains constant in relation to the comparison
and thus represents a predictable

Average

98.1 t/h

factor for calculation of costs for


every harvested ton of fresh mass.
The AdBlue consumption should
therefore be included in the cal
culation when machines are compared that do not require an additional AdBlue injection.

1.00

10.6 %

0.90
0.80
0.70
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00

DYNAMIC POWER disabled

DYNAMIC POWER activated

Fuel consumption [l/t fresh mass]

Engine speed

Difference

2051 rpm

1881 rpm

Engine speed
AdBlue consumption [l/t fresh mass]

Figure 6:
Result comparison graph "DYNAMIC POWER" regarding the fuel consumption l/t FM and engine speed, including the AdBlue consumption

DLG Test Report 6027F

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Summary
Through the intelligent engine
characteristic control "DYNAMIC
POWER" from CLAAS for the Jaguar
series, only the required engine
power is provided at any given
time. Depending on the power requirement, a reduction of the fuel
consumption can be achieved in
the partial load range where the
full engine power is not required.
According to the test measurements of the DLG Test Center, the
engine characteristic control provides fuel savings of 10.6% per l/t
fresh mass at a reduced engine
speed (1881 rpm) and 8.3% compared to the conventional system

(2051 rpm). Due to the new emissions standard Tier 4i, CLAAS
will install an additional AdBlue
tank into the forage harvesters of
the 930-960 series. The AdBlueconsumption here can be rated at
about 5% of the diesel consumption.
In summary, the "DYNAMIC
POWER" system is a very helpful
contribution to saving fuel in grass
applications, without reducing
the ride comfort or the throughput
potential. Since the engine speed
can not be kept constant under the
above stated experimental conditions (without engine overloading),

the ride comfort for the driver can


slightly change. It must also be considered that during grass applications higher engine speed fluctu
ations can occur as, for example,
during corn harvesting applications
regardless of "DYNAMIC POWER".
The dynamic behaviour of the
10"DYNAMIC POWER" levels requires the driver to anticipate the
automatic adjusting of the engine
speed depending on harvesting
conditions, but it also ensures that
the cutter forage harvester is always
operating at the optimum working
point.

Test
Realization of the test
DLG e.V.
Test Center Technology
and Farm Inputs,
Max-Eyth-Weg 1,
D-64823 Gross-Umstadt

Evaluation of the
results and reporting
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Johannes Speer

ENTAM European Network for Testing of Agricultural Machines, is the association of


European test centres. ENTAMs objective is the Europe-wide distribution of test results
for farmers, agricultural equipment dealers, and producers.
More information about the Network is available at www.entam.com or by writing to
ENTAM at the email address: info@entam.com

11-347
April 2013
DLG

DLG e.V. Test Center Technology and Farm Inputs


Max-Eyth-Weg 1, D-64823 Gross-Umstadt,
Telephone: 069 247 88-600, Fax: 069 247 88-690, E-mail: Tech@DLG.org,
Internet: www.DLG.org

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DLG Test Report 6027F

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