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September 2016


In this issue:


for a more financially

beneficial harvest
Food analysis and testing
The Truth About Mycotoxin
Binders in Feed
Grain fortification
Can we feed 9 billion
people sustainably by
Bhler Networking Days

Event review


Volume 127

Issue 9

Our team of experienced Dealers and Staff

will help you determine the system that

will suit your needs. Chief Agri/Industrial
has a full line of grain storage, conditioning,
handling, and drying products that can be
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only engineer quality products,
We Engineer Relationships.



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Perendale Publishers Ltd

7 St Georges Terrace
St James Square, Cheltenham,
Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 1242 267700
Roger Gilbert
International Marketing Team
Darren Parris
Tel: +44 1242 267707
Tom Blacker
Tel: +44 1242 267700
Mark Cornwell
Tel: +1 913 6422992
Latin America Marketing Team
Ivn Marquetti
Tel: +54 2352 427376

84 - Improving raw material

quality for millers
When China discovered that they were losing
a significant amount of harvested crop through
poor storage, it was decided that something at
a national level had to be done about it; thats
what is happening there today

India Marketing Team

Ritu Kala
Tel: +91 93 15 883669
Nigeria Marketing Team
Nathan Nwosu
Tel: +234 805 7781077
Editorial Team







Peter Parker


Andrew Wilkinson


International Editors
Professor Dr M Hikmet Boyacog




54 Grain

50 The Truth About

Binders in Feed


Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi

Professor Wenbin Wu
Design Manager
James Taylor
Circulation & Events
Tuti Tan
Antoine Tanguy

Copyright 2016 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All

rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced in any form or by any means without
prior permission of the copyright owner. More
information can be found at www.perendale.com
Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish The
International Milling Directory and The Global
Miller news service

Grain & Feed Milling

Technology magazine
was rebranded to Milling
and Grain in 2015

42 Analysis
& testing Campden BRI

78 Industry Focus Molino



38 NIR Analysers
- Farm to Factory

108 People news from the

global milling industry


46 Feeding the
Future - Millet




88 Event listings, reviews

and previews

68 Dryer tips for a

more financially
beneficial harvest

74 Storage Project:


35 IGP Institute holds risk

management course for
better trading practices


14 Mildred Cookson
23 Tom Blacker
24 Christophe Pelletier
28 Chris Jackson
33 Clifford Spencer

Amy Reynolds

Pedro H Dejneka

COVER IMAGE: Continuous mixed flow grain dryers from Chief-Agri

Clifford Spencer



Changing market dynamics and the prospect of a fourth

consecutive record harvest

With the northern

hemisphere harvest
moving toward the
final stages, it is
shaping up to be an
interesting year for the
global wheat market.
Following three
consecutive record
harvests, the world has
been very well supplied with wheat over recent
seasons. Despite record demand, huge crops
have seen world stocks swell to all-time peaks.
This has put pressure on prices; since mid-2013,
average milling wheat export prices (US$ fob)
have fallen by about one-third.
World production for the current 2016/17
season could potentially be a record for a fourth
consecutive year, but despite this, there are signs
that the dynamics of the market are changing.
The global trading environment is being
complicated by disappointing harvest quality
in major growing areas, including in parts of
the US and the EU. So, although overall world
availabilities could be at their highest ever,
securing supplies of the desired milling quality
may be somewhat harder, and more expensive,
than in recent seasons.
The impact of this is already visible in recent
price movements. Reflecting abundant supplies
overall, the Councils index of world average
export prices is at around 10 year lows. However,
price premiums for the best quality milling wheat,
with high protein levels, good hagberg falling
numbers and test weights, are widening.
The way in which this affects global trade
will be of particular interest to the IGC.
Competitively priced supplies from the EU and
the Black Sea region (Kazakhstan, Russia and
Ukraine) have captured an increasing share of
global wheat trade in recent years, with their
shipments reaching all-time peaks.
This has largely been at the expense of US

market share, as sales from that origin, which in

the past was by far the largest global supplier,
have retreated to around 40-year lows. A
strong US dollar has contributed to poor price
competitiveness for US shipments to some of
the worlds key buyers in North Africa and Near
East Asia, where sales from Europe and the CIS
have done particularly well.
Potentially the key change for trade in the
2016/17 (Jul/Jun) season will be a slump in
exports by the EU, with these currently projected
at around a four-year low by the Council.
Unusually for the harvest period, EU export
prices have risen in recent weeks as concerns
escalated about the size and quality of the harvest,
especially in France and Germany. While milling
wheat export quotations in Russia and Ukraine
have edged higher too, they have stayed relatively
low and this has improved the attractiveness of
their new crop supplies to potential importers.
The US is also expected to benefit from the
problems in Europe, with a rebound in exports
possible over the coming year, especially for
higher-grade milling wheat. For the first time in
around two years, US Hard Red Winter milling
wheat is priced (on a US$ fob basis) below
equivalent supplies in the EU, albeit still more
expensive than Russian wheats. If these price
relationships are maintained, 2016/17 could
see US exports reach a three-season high, but
Russia will probably be the single largest wheat
exporter for a second consecutive year.
Given the worries about availabilities of high
quality wheat from some of this years crop,
market participants will be monitoring closely
the outcome from those areas that are still to
be combined. Early signs from the US spring
wheat harvest are promising, with mostly good
yields and quality reported. However, traders
will also be watching to see if current favourable
prospects for crops are realised in Canada,
Australia and Argentina.
Amy Reynolds, Senior Economist, IGC

Meet the Milling and Grain team

The team are travelling across
the globe to industry events.

Annual Subscription Rates

Inside UK: UK100
Outside: US$150/133

ISSN No: 2058-5101

More Information




Improving raw material quality for


When China discovered that they were losing a significant

amount of harvested crop through poor storage, it was decided
that something at a national level had to be done about it; thats
what is happening there today
See the full story on page 80


IGC predictions ring true


Source: FAO

As many of the speakers predicted at

the recent IGC Conference, Chinas
imports of corn and feed grains are
set to slump after the government
increased the amount auctioned from
state reserves and domestic prices
dropped to a decade low.
See the full story on page 22

7.9 million metric tons - China

is currently the worlds secondbiggest corn consumer, and its
government is offering about 7.9
million metric tons of corn from
its stockpiles for a third week;
compared with six million tons
offered in auctions held July 21
and 22 and about two million tons
offered July 12-13, which included
poor quality grain.
21 Percent - China has contributed
to the singular economic growth
and increased food production
achieved by the country, which
accounts for 21 percent of the
worlds population and only 9 and
6 percent of its arable land and
water resources, respectively.

4 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain


Where science meets

business in Beijing

Bigger than ever and earlier in the year than

its previous editions, the major international
Feed to Food trade fair platform VIV China
returns to Beijing in September when it will
form an important part of a week full of
activities and information for professionals
from the global animal protein industries.
VIV China 2016 takes place at the New
China International Exhibition Centre
(NCIEC)in Beijing.
See the full story on page 98


The Gaba Rice


At the beginning of 2012 Satake

launched rinse-free GABA rice.
GABA stands for an amino acid,
gamma amino butyric acid. That
may be an amino acid unfamiliar to
most of us but it carries many health
See the full story on page 84


SEP 16


BCPC joins the drive to

protect pollinators

ne of the priorities of the Voluntary Initiative

(VI) is to minimise the risk to bees and other
pollinators. The Crop Protection Association
(CPA), working with the NFU and the British Beekeepers
Association, has developed a new VI tool Bee
This web-based alert system enables spray operators to
alert local beekeepers of planned insecticide applications.
To ensure beekeepers are only notified of a relevant
spray event, as well as the timing and name of the active
ingredient(s), the alert includes the distance and direction
of the planned spray event as well as detailed information
about the active ingredient(s).
Dr Colin Ruscoe, President of the British Crop
Production Council notes, Bee Connected includes
information from BCPCs The UK Pesticide Guide,
including available data on hazard to non-target
organisms. This will be invaluable in allowing the
beekeeper to determine the likelihood of harm to bees
arising from the product to be used, and so the relevant
safety precautions to be taken.
Bee Connected also includes details of the crop being
sprayed and whether it is bordered by flower-rich
Following a successful pilot in Hertfordshire Bee
Connected will be launched across the UK in September
2016. The British Crop Production Councils range of
conferences, publications, online databases and working
groups provides independent, authoritative science-based
information to practitioners, researchers and policymakers.
BCPC is a registered charity with a long-standing
international reputation. Bee Connected is designed to
notify beekeepers of spray operations in their local area.
6 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

In the third week of August I participated in a conference

with some 750 millers from around the world. Nothing
unusual there, but what came next was.
Opening the companys first Buhler Networking Days
2016, CEO Stefan Scheiber made the statement that the
millers in the room, produce products and services which
touch the food needs of four billon people everyday;
thats over half the planets total population of 7.3 billion.
Mr Scheiber went on to say, Its time now that private
industry steps up to make a difference in addressing the
expected food needs of nine billion people by 2050.
This is very good news indeed.
Through my tenure as Secretary General of the
International Feed Industry Federation, which I held from
1988 to 2010, I identified and promoted awareness of the
fact that the world population was increasing rapidly and
that governments and industry needed to work together to
address the issue of food supply to meet the needs of 9.5
billion by 2050.
On behalf of the feed industry I was the first person to
coin this phrase.
Buhler, one of the worlds most significant suppliers
of milling and related equipment to the food and feed
processing sectors, has now not only acknowledged the
challenge publicly but is prepared to do something about
We will be reporting on the outcome of these
Networking Days, which included over 30 innovations
and product launched in a solutions exhibition area of
1800 square metres, over the coming months.
Also in this edition we report on the establishment
of a new charity, set up by Milling and Grain called
Milling4Life and chaired by Clifford Spencer of the
UK, who is not only well versed in all things grain related
- he grew over 60 different crops in the UK on some 20
different farming operations and has wide international
experience in grain growing - but is the Goodwill
Ambassador of NEPAD, the New Partnership for Africas
Development which is an economic development
program of the African Union.
Mr Spencer is providing his first column on Milling4Life
in this edition and he is also the subject of our interview at
the back of the magazine.
Milling4Life, in the final stages of registration, will work
alongside of the re-launch charity Aquaculture without
Frontiers (UK) CIO with each having its own board of
trustees, programmes and websites.
Roger Gilbert, Publisher




Milling News

Industry tour to inspire next

generation of crop scientists

HDB-funded PhD students

grew their understanding of
the practical applications of
science in horticulture at a series of
visits on 34 August.
The group who are all
undertaking doctorates in arable
or horticultural disciplines were
given a whistle-stop tour of the
industry, taking in five growers in the
Chichester area over the course of
two days.
AHDB organised the event as
part of its work to encourage the
next generation of scientists into
agricultural and horticultural
research and retain them within
the field.
AHDBs Joe Martin, who was
responsible for the programme,
said: The ability of our industry
to problem-solve and innovate
hinges on attracting the best and
brightest minds into the field of
crop sciences.
By connecting these
students with horticultural
enterprises, where they can see
for themselves the practical
impact of new technologies, we
hope to inspire these talented
academics to spearhead
the next wave of scientific
Across sectors, AHDB funds
around 15 new PhDs a year,
with 50 to 60 projects ongoing
at any one time. A call for
applications for a share of UK1
million worth of funding for
studentships starting in 2017
is currently live, with a closing
date of 19 September.
David Kay, Managing Director
of Hall Hunter Partnership,
which hosted the first visit, said:
Those of us who have had full
careers in both the agricultural
and horticultural arenas
understand how varied and
exciting the sectors can be.
The practical application
of highly applied science in
order to produce food for
future generations offers the
current student cohort many
opportunities to found and
develop excellent careers in the
years ahead.

The tour of Hall Hunter

Partnership, a family-run business
growing soft fruit for major
supermarkets, was followed by
a visit to the state-of-the-art
glasshouses at Tangmere Airfield
Nursery, which specialises in sweet
Tangmeres Mark Knight said: Like
many farmers and growers across the
UK, Tangmere is very keen to nurture
talent in the industry.

We look forward to welcoming the

students with the aim of stimulating
their minds in a practical way,
thinking about how we will solve new
challenges and support the future of
British farming.
The next day, the students took in
Barfoots of Botley, which grows 90
percent of the fresh sweetcorn eaten
in the UK and Hill Brothers, growers
of two million ornamental flowering
plants for retail each year.
Rounding off the event was a visit to
Fleurie Nursery, part of the Farplants
Group, the UKs largest wholesale
supplier of outdoor plants to garden

The worlds leading trade fair for animal production

Welcome to the worlds

leading industry event
15 18 November 2016
Hanover, Germany
Hotline: +49 69 24788-265
E-Mail: expo@DLG.org




Milling News

Innovative ATEX-certified grinding

Feeding device from Van Aarsen minimises
explosion risk for its hammer mill

mployees, production equipment and buildings

are valuable assets. By minimising the required
maintenance and maximising the service life of
expensive grinding installations, its also possible to ensure
that they are much more cost-effective.
In order to further minimise explosion risk, Van Aarsen has
introduced an innovative feeding device with an integrated
heavy parts separator - also known as a stone catcher - for
its GD hammer mill. The GD hammer mill with feeding
device from Van Aarsen is ATEX-certified.
Innovative feeding device
When dust comes into contact with an ignition source, such
as sparks, in an oxygen rich environment, there is a risk of
explosion and that is exactly what happens when the grinding
process for grains and organic materials is started or stopped
in a hammer mill.
Van Aarsen develops and manufactures machines for the
production of compound feeds and premixes for the animal
feed industry. It is also a leader in developing new techniques
for minimising explosion risk without compromising the
efficiency and quality of the grinding process.
As such, Van Aarsen has introduced an innovative feeding
device with an integrated heavy parts separator for metal
objects, stones and other heavy objects. The heavy parts










with low running hours complete with spares for sale.


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These mills are suitable for milling a wide range of products such as;
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adjustable. They are each capable of milling up to 12 tons per hour
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ton is low and they are quiet running
Located in the UK / Several units are available / Global shiping available

renewables.bp@gmail.com | +44 779 665 4269

10 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

separator detects such objects and

removes them to prevent them from
being fed into the hammer mill and
causing sparks.
Van Aarsen has optimised its heavy
parts separator by automating the
removal of metal objects and stones
and by the combination of this removal
with the screen exchange process. By
ensuring that the automated removal of
heavy objects and the exchange of the
screens take place at the same time, the downtime of
the hammer mill is reduced and its capacity is increased.
In order to provide a controlled release of pressure in case of
an explosion, the company has also fitted the bin beneath the
hammer mill with a pressure relief valve. This feature ensures
that the hammer mill also complies with the specific ATEX
standards that apply in Germany for hammer mills.
Maximising the service life of screens
The new feeding device has a compact design and can easily
be integrated into the GD hammer mill and the automated
screen exchanger.
Besides minimising the risk of explosion, the new feeding
device also prevents damage to the screens. As the hammer
mill is ATEX-certified it therefore complies with the strict
European guidelines for the prevention of explosions.
Van Aarsen also offers a range of other options for further
minimising the explosion risk associated with the grinding
process, including temperature monitoring and spark

Milling News

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Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 11

Milling News

African milling group chooses Fawema for

flagship project in South Africa

he Bakhresa Group of Companies is already firmly

established in several East African nations since the
company first moved into the milling industry from
their base in Tanzania in the early 1980s.
The groups chairman and founding father Mr. Said Salim
Awadh Bakhresa, from humble beginnings, has developed
a highly successful business empire based largely on his
own personal ethics of hard work and integrity coupled
with exceptional vision and superb management skills. The
groups ambition for further expansion in Africa saw them
recently establish Bakhresa South Africa (Pty) Ltd. and
purchase a site in Durban, Kwazulu Natal on the Indian
Ocean coast, an ideal logistical and geographical location.
The chosen site was actually an existing mill that had
been non-operational for several years the Union Flour
Mills was originally built in 1906 but required total
redevelopment, expansion and of course - re-fitting with
new, 21st century machinery and equipment.
The new mill would have a daily capacity of 750 metric
tonnes. For the flour packing machinery, Bakhresa turned
to Fawema, safe in the knowledge that Fawema had
already supplied equipment for all their other mills in East
Africa over the years.
Fawemas vast wealth of knowledge and experience
As this was Bakhresas first venture into South Africa,
they were also able to tap into Fawemas vast wealth of
knowledge and experience of the market, which in terms of
packaging, is very different than that of East Africa.
Mark Wild, Fawema sales manager for Africa explains,
in East Africa, the standard retail flour pack sizes are 1 kg
and 2 kg. Those packs are then baled into 24 kg baler sacks
for storage and distribution. In South Africa the standard
pack sizes are 1 kg, 2.5 kg, 5 kg, 10 kg and 12.5 kg; with
the 1, 2.5 and 5 kg bags being collated and shrink wrapped
in plastic bundles for storage and distribution.
Therefore, right from the start of the project, we had to
calculate correctly what the throughput volume targets

12 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

should be on each bag size and plan-in the most suitable

packing machinery for the task, bearing in mind also that
floor space had to be utilized in the best way possible.
A commercial and technical proposal was tabled by
the Seller and accepted by Bakhresa and immediately
afterwards, Fawemas design department in Germany set
to work with the necessary floor plan layout for a total
of four fully-automatic packing lines and commenced
building the new flour packing lines. Once manufacturing
work was completed, the FAT (factory acceptance test)
was conducted at Fawemas large workshop and HQ near
Cologne in Germany.
The mill manager, himself from South Africa, personally
attended the pre-delivery inspection and testing and this

offered the perfect opportunity to acquaint himself with the

machinery and to gain direct hands-on experience of every
aspect of the equipment. It was also a chance for him to
personally meet with key Fawema personnel involved on
the project and to engage in question and answer sessions
around the various machines on the shop floor at Fawema
to ensure that everything was totally clear, ticked and
When the equipment finally arrived at the mill in Durban,
Fawemas local service team based near Johannesburg
took care of installing each of the four packing lines and

Milling News
ensuring that the
flour feed system to
each machine was
correctly fixed in
place. Once the mill
was up and running
and flour was readily
available, a Fawema
engineer arrived from
Germany to carry out
final start-up work on
the machinery which
went very smoothly
thanks to the FAT
testing already carried
out in Germany.
A remarkable achievement
Sudhakar Akella is the mill manager at Bakhresa South
Africa; hes a man with plenty of milling experience, the
last 15 years of which have been spent within the Bakhresa
Group operating at various locations in Africa, but this new
project has been the most exciting and satisfying challenge
so far. Sudhakar explained, Our new mill project in
Durban has been a very exciting time. Bringing back to life
one of South Africas historic mills has been a remarkable
Due to the history of the building, large parts of the
structure are protected under the national heritage law
and consequently a lot of very clever and innovative

planning work needed to be implemented to ensure that the

mill was re-designed to be a modern, 21st century fullyfunctional facility. This we have achieved and the result is
We had no doubt or hesitation in contracting Fawema to
supply the flour packing machinery as they have always
supported us on all of our previous projects throughout
Africa and Im delighted to say that also this flagship
project in Durban has been successfully concluded in a
disciplined and thoroughly professional manner and our
flour packing section is functioning exceptionally, just as
we envisaged.
Fawema wishes to thank Mr. Sudhakar Akella and the
Bakhresa Group for their contribution and permission to
publish this article.

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 13

The 1888 Plymouth Milling

Convention Part 1
Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive
by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK
Milling conventions and
exhibitions were and still are
an excellent way for the milling
profession to keep abreast of
the latest developments in
technology and milling practice.
They also attracted commercial
organisations, keen to display
their latest innovations in a

rapidly changing world.

Not surprisingly the media of the time, represented by
the weekly journals Milling and The Miller were in
attendance. As a result, we have at the Mills Archive a
detailed historical record of the steady replacement of
millstones by roller machinery.
One such event was the NABIM
Plymouth Milling Convention of
1888, whose programme was
described and illustrated in
July 1888 of The Miller,
giving us an overview of
the state of milling in the
south of England at that
time. The events had
three main elements:
technical papers, mill
tours and a ladies
The technical papers, read
by such people as Henry Simon
and J Harrison Carter, and the tours
of local mills would still work 130 years
later, but this lady miller, would not be pleased to be
offered a ladies programme, even with the military band
concert promised!

Government Flour Mills and Bakeries

The first tour by steamer up the River Tay, allowed a view
of the Royal Navys Royal William Victualling Yard
designed and built by the famous engineering partnership
of John & George Rennie in the 1830s. The complex
contained the Government-owned flour mill and bakeries
housed in large buildings situated on the quayside.
14 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

The mill contained 24 pairs of stones and the bakery

contained twelve ovens. Finally completed in 1883,
the mill building was 74 metres long, 18 metres deep
21 - 22 metres high. Two wings each contained twelve
pair of stones which were driven by two engines of 45
horse power. The millstones were four ft in diameter,
and turned at 123 rpm. The grain cleaning and bolting
machinery worked simultaneously with the grinding.
In 1870, when the GH Bovills patent for the
improvements in the manufacture of flour was causing a
stir, six pairs of French four ft stones were taken out and
replaced by Belgian stones of 4ft 6ins diameter and to
each of the six pairs of stones was attached an exhaust.
Bovill patented the use of an air blast and exhaust
between the millstones. This plan was first adopted
in the government dockyards, and once
its advantages were found to be so
great, it became generally used
by millers.
About this time a
Mr Hosken and Sons Roller and
silk reel of 30ft was
Other Mills, Hayle, Cornwall
installed. When in
operation at least
five of the Belgian
stones were always in
operation, and these
could grind 4,000 to
5,000 lbs of wheat in
an hour. The east wing, in
addition to the twelve pairs of
French stones, had two pairs of
Peak stones used to make oatmeal.
Mr WR Malletts Exwick Roller Flour Mills
One of the many interesting mills that convention visitors
could visit was Mr Malletts Flour Mills in Exeter. Set up
on the Simon System, the mill was built on or near the
foundations of a medieval flourmill with a well-defined
history. The Exwick flour mill had been in the possession
of the Buller family since 1859.
The mill that was visited in 1886 building had a five sack
an hour roller plant. The mill location was particularly
advantageous, as it was close to the railway and in the

Milling News
The Royal William Victualling Yard

J Harrison Cartwights roller mills with chilled porcelain rolls

Bodley Drawing of a Poncelot Waterwheel

(Mills Archive)

Vortex Turbine at Marsh Mills, Plympton

centre of one of the best wheat districts of the fertile West

Built into the wall of the mill was a stone showing the
date 1325, recording the fact that the building stood where
the Benedictine monks of the Priory of Cowick worked
its predecessor in that year. The mill was powered by
the cheapest method, since the medieval origin gave it
ancient water rights so Exwick flourmills had a practically
unlimited supply of water drawn from three rivers, which
together drained about one half of the whole county of
The power came from a waterwheel cast at the Bodley
Foundry in Exeter and was 11ft 8in diameter by 16ft wide,
built of steel and powering the mill to produce five sacks
of flour per hour. The wheel was a Poncelot type, quite rare
in England, even though their curved paddles improved the
efficiency of undershot waterwheels from about 30 percent
to 70-80 percent.
The drawing from the Bodley Foundry shows the design of
one of their Poncelot wheels and is one of several hundred
original drawings that the Mills Archive helped to conserve
when they were rescued from the demolished drawing
office when the Foundry closed down.
On the ground floor the waterwheel shaft turned the pit
wheel of 10 feet diameter, which in turn connected to a

2 foot pinion. The first

floor had the roller mill
for breaking the wheat
on the system of five
breaks and flouring the
middlings and semolina
in eight reductions.
The old mill, while
connected to the new,
was separated from the
roller mill on the first
floor by iron doors. It
still contained three pairs
of stones for grinding
feed and a store for
placing empty sacks.
The millstones were
connected to the same
waterwheel, which
drove the wheat cleaning
machinery of the roller
Although the traditional
mill was not constructed
to take a roller mill plant
of modern design, from
both the outside and inside the four storey Exwick Mill
was a success with its striking feature of a 20ft high arched
doorway. It also had on each floor a line of water buckets
and a London fire brigade hand pump ready for use should
the deadly foe of all flour mills, fire, occur.
Other mills visited
Other mills visited in Devon included Mr Samuel Coles
New Roller Mill at Lifton (Dells System) and Mr R
Harvey Daws Marsh Mills at Plympton (Carters System).
The latter was noteworthy for its use of a 61-80hp Vortex
turbine, installed by Gilkes of Kendal.
Tours continued into Cornwall, including Messrs John
Lake & sons Truro (Robinson System), Mr T Hitchins
Grenance Mill St Austell (Childs System), Messrs Hosken
& Sons Loggans Mill, Hayle and Messrs JH Trevithick &
Sons steam flour mill also in Hayle. The Cornish mills will
be the subject of my next column.
These articles only give a brief glimpse of the several
million records held by the Mills Archive Trust. If you
would like to know more please email me at mills@
Similarly, if you would like to receive my regular
newsletter on our progress in building the worlds first
public roller flourmill archive and library, please email me.
Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 15

Milling and Grain

supports the aims and
objectives of the Mills
Archive Trust, based in
Reading, England.
The history of milling no matter where it has
taken place - is being
archived by the Trust.
For well over 100 years
milling technology
has been global with
many magazines
serving or having
served our industry
from flour and food
to feed and oilseed
processing and now to
fish feeds.
A most recent
contribution to the
Trusts collection is a
complete century of
past edition of the now
out-of-print NorthWestern Miller from
the United States.
We are proud to
present here, front
cover illustrations from
this valued and longserving publication
as a visual reminder
of the importance
contribution past
magazines provided
to our industry.


Art in the Archive

We are a charity that saves the worlds
milling images and documents and
makes them freely available for
reference. We have more than two
million records. We aim to cover the
entire history of milling, from its ancient
origins up to the present day
Find out what we have and how you
can help us grow

The Mills Archive Trust
Registered Charity No 1155828

A first for SA Pork CRC

Industry Placement Program

lice Weaver, whose PhD was supported by the

CRC For High Integrity Australian Pork, is the
first person to be awarded an Industry Placement
Program appointment under the South Australian
Governments $500,000 funding to the Pork CRC.
Dr Weaver officially commences as a Technical Officer
at Jeff Brauns Myora Farm at Mt Gambier, South
Australia, on August 3 and will be responsible for the
implementation and coordination of the piggerys research
and development activities.
Pork CRC CEO Dr Roger Campbell said the SA
Government funding was a welcome boost to Pork CRCs
existing successful Industry Placement Program (IPP),
where it placed supported graduates with industry, in
particular with its participants.
Graduates are then trained in the business of pork
production and remain active in research and Pork CRC
It is a partnership where funding and training is shared,
young people get a start in industry and industry benefits
from their enthusiasm and injection of fresh ideas and
knowledge, which is often cutting edge science.
Its a win-win for everyone and we thank the SA state
government and its Minister for Science and Information
Economy, Hon Kyam Maher, for recognising this and
stepping in to further fund and advance the initiative, Dr
Campbell said.
Pork CRC has supported six IPPs to date and the new
funds will help enhance the competiveness of the SA pork
industry and provide significant opportunities for graduate
and postgraduate students to contribute to what is a vibrant
Pork CRC IPP recipients and their IPP employers, so
far, include Dr Rebecca Athorn, Rivalea Australia, Tracey
Muller, CHM/SunPork, Dr David Lines, APFG/SunPork
Farms, Claire Payne, Craig Mostyn Group and Vanessa
Morris, Chris Richards Group and Anthony Martyniuk,

Milling News

SunPork SA.
Dr Weavers Pork
CRC supported PhD at
University of Adelaide,
The induction of
a fertile oestrus in
lactating sows and
the subsequent effect
mating in lactation
has on oocyte quality
and embryo survival,
has developed further
understanding of sow
reproductive potential.
Addressing commercial
cost, benefit, risks and bottom line gain will be ongoing for
the industry.
Myora Principal and owner Jeff Braun has had a lifelong
interest in pig genetics.
According to Mr Braun, the business of pig farming was
entirely dependent on having healthy, happy animals, cared
for by well trained, skilled staff.
This is where someone so highly skilled and
scientifically qualified as Alice will make a real difference.
I applaud Pork CRC and South Australian Government
for joining forces to make more Industry Placement
Program positions available to such talented young
people, he said.
Dr Weaver said she had already enjoyed working at
Myora and is excited about the opportunity to implement
her knowledge and research skills in a commercial
The IPP award, gives both parties more certainty,
with a minimum three year contract appointment and the
opportunity to make a real difference in a commercial
operation while gaining on-the-job practical experience,
she said.




124 Ridge Road, Laser Park, Honeydew, Ext 15, Gauteng | P O Box 4012, Honeydew, 2040, South Africa
Phone: +27 (011) 794 4455, | Fax: +27 (011) 794 4515 | Email: sales@gsiafrica.co.za | Website: www.gsiafrica.co.za

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 17

Milling News

AFIA to offer free FSMA webinar series as compliance

dates draw near

n order to continue its mission in educating the feed industry on the implementation requirements of the Food Safety
Modernisation Act, the American Feed Industry Association along with Feedstuffs, announces its latest training
options. Thanks to industry sponsorship, AFIA will host a series of four, free webinars that focus on the rule spanning
from late August through September.
This rule is massive, theres much to comprehend and limited time remaining to do so, said Richard Sellers, AFIA
senior vice president of public policy and education.
We have divided the webinar series into four parts to cover the most amount of material--with time for questions--in an
efficient manner, and are very grateful to those members who offered to sponsor these webinars.
Each webinar will last two-and-a-half hours. The first three webinars will build upon each other, the forth will focus
on topics related to pet food and pet food ingredients. Speakers for the webinars include AFIA staff experts and officials
from the US Food and Drug Administration.



Aug 30;
2-4pm ET

Overview of FSMA, current

good manufacturing practices
and recall plan

Feed Energy Company and Perdue


Sept 6;
2-4pm ET

Animal food safety plan,

supply chain program

Cargill Animal Nutrition

Sept 20 ;
2-4pm ET

Records, foreign supplier

verification program, third
party certification and
transportation rule

Feed Energy Company , Land O'Lakes

and Purina Animal Nutrition

Sept 27;
2-4pm ET

Pet food

Perdue AgriBusiness and Trouw

Nutrition USA

High speed bag filling line for pre-made open mouth bags.

Bag filing


(capacity depends on product,
line configuration, bag size, etc.)


(sewing, heat sealing, pinch, gluing, etc.)


complete packaging
solutions for
flourY products






imeco bagging


Your Weighing and Bagging Specialist

18 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Milling News


s many of the speakers predicted at the recent

IGC Conference, Chinas imports of corn and
feed grains are set to slump after the government
increased the amount auctioned from state reserves and
domestic prices dropped to a decade low.
China is currently the worlds second-biggest corn consumer,
and its government is offering about 7.9 million metric tons
of corn from its stockpiles for a third week; compared with
six million tons offered in auctions held July 21 and 22 and
about two million tons offered July 12-13, which included poor
quality grain.
This news comes as last week Chinese corn futures tumbled
to a decade low amid increasing sales from state reserves.
Almost 13 million tons has been sold since auctions began
on May 27, according to data from the National Grain Trade
Center compiled by Bloomberg. Imports may slump 69 percent
in the year starting October and purchases of alternative feeds
barley and sorghum will also drop, according to the China
National Grain and Oils Information Center.
Imports of corn substitutes have become almost impossible,
said Feng Lichen, chief analyst at Chicorn, a private consulting
firm to Bloomberg Markets. Domestic futures prices have
already fallen below prices for imported barley and sorghum.
The quantity of corn that has been earmarked for January
delivery, after Chinas harvest, fell to 1,438 yuan a ton on
August 2nd on the Dalian Commodity Exchange, the lowest

for the most-active contract since October 2006. Futures

were at 1,453 yuan on Wednesday, a 12 percent discount to
the September delivery contract. The price of U.S. sorghum
imported to China including taxes was at 1,689.12 yuan a ton
on Tuesday. Australian barley was at 1,545.06 yuan a ton.
Chinas sorghum importsdropped 45 percent in June from
a year earlier and barley purchases fell 51 percent, according
to official customs data. Inbound corn shipments plunged 92
percent in the period, stated a Bloomberg Markets source.
The Chinese government is expected to sell about 40 million
tons of corn in 2016, including 20 million tons sold directly
to the market earlier this year, according to Fengs estimate.
The government has about 230 million tons of reserves, data
held by JCI shows; which is more than double as recent U.S.
Department of Agriculture estimate.
All of this comes as China is grappling with a corn glut after
the government began subsidising output in 2008, acquiring
grain at above-market prices to protect farm incomes. The
government is set to end the stockpiling system, replacing
it with other subsidies to make it more market based, and is
reducing the area planted to corn for the first time in a decade.
Chinas 2016-17 corn harvest is still set to exceed annual
consumption, CNGOIC estimates.
Enterprises are very cautious in building stocks as they
expect a further drop in prices, stated Zhang Zhixian, senior
researcher atCngrain.com, a state-affiliated researcher. If
farmers are having problems selling their harvests, local
governments may have to stockpile this year.












22 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain




Milling News

[ Museum Story No. 8 ]

Reaping the rewards of another

successful harvest season


Tom Blacker, International Milling and

Grain Directory
In July, a proud total of sixteen
companies from around the
world joined the International
Milling and Grain Directory,
which is double the number that
joined in June. This is a great
achievement and I hope the
directory continues to grow at
this rate well into the future.
In addition to updates from the directorys existing
members, these new companies, from countries as diverse
as Bangladesh, China and Turkey are very welcome indeed.
On another note, the team here at the International Milling
and Grain Directory are very happy to be a media partner
for the upcoming IAOM MEA international conference
and exhibition in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. As mentioned in
my previous column, the International Milling and Grain
Directorys website promotes many events and training via
its website: www.internationalmilling.com/events
With a theme of the wheat harvest in this issue, it is proper
that I address this from the perspective of the directorys
members. The questions that we will have to answer
together at the end of the harvest is, how much investment
can low wheat commodity prices bring? What are the
expectations for the coming year in quantities of mills,
storage sites or infrastructure projects, staff training or
recruitment? Where are the growth regions and highest
potential of investment in the industry? What will the
harvest of 2016-17 bring from upstream in raw materials
of wheat, feed, etc to our sector? And what will this years
harvest affect from downstream in working with customers
in this sector for example, such customers as bakeries,
grain co-operatives and researchers?
The International Milling Directory has its own community
centred around the directory itself. We connect the industry
and are an ambassador for our members, promoting them
at every given opportunity. We offer a wide range of
advertising options for both new and existing companies;
so to place your products and services in the industrys
brightest shop window, why not take a browse through our
great advertising deals and rates?
To enhance your printed directory listing and take out
further advertisements
please see the PDF of the
current Media File online
at: http://bit.ly/2blhKCe.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, portrait by B. Kraft

When Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart gave concerts at the

court of Emperor Leopold, or on other ceremonial occasions, he wore his best wig. In the 18th century, wigs with
curls arranged horizontally were the latest fashion. Those
who wanted to keep up with the trend dusted their hair
with powder or in Mozarts case with flour, the cheaper
Grain was the beginning
With its collection of over 3,000 flour sacks from 130
countries around the globe, the FlourWorld Museum in
Wittenburg, near Hamburg (Germany), is unique in the
world of grain. It is an initiative and cultural project of
Mhlenchemie and a token of thanks to all millers. The
museum shows the history of flour and its significance for
mankind: FLOUR IS LIFE. Every new sack with an interesting motif is welcome in the Sackotheque and will find a
permanent home there.





Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 23

Milling News

The Pelletier Column

From curiosity to action

by Christophe Pelletier
In my previous column, I
wrote about why curiosity is
a great asset when it comes to
facing and preparing for the
future. However, that is not
quite the whole story. Food and
agriculture are not intellectual
exercises, they must deliver
concrete products and results. It
is nice to be curious but what do you do with that? The
answer to this question is quite simple: action!
According to the saying, knowledge is power. Knowledge
is only truly power when it is active and circulating.
Knowledge that remains in a brain or in a drawer is not
very useful for the greater good.
The first step that I advise curious people to do is to
always share what they learn. It is even easier today with
the Internet, and there is a lot of knowledge out there. By
sharing, I do not mean simply copy and paste or click the
share button. Before sharing, it is essential to make sure
that what you share is quality.
There is too much information that is spread on social
media while clearly not critically reviewed, not to say not
even read; as is quite often the case. The mindset here is a
mix of enthusiasm, critical thinking and practical service
orientation. The knowledge must be correct and the
message must come over.
It also must be useful to the recipients; it must connect
to their needs and add value to them. The final result
has to be better food through more efficient and
sustainable systems that are financially viable. In the
food and agriculture sector, it must lead to always more
collaboration and knowledge transfer in all directions
within the entire value chain.
Often, the weakness of communication is that it stays too
long in the same circle and other links, and consumers
in particular, are kept too long out of the loop. It results
too often in misunderstanding, distrust and erroneous
Through collaboration and brainstorming, curiosity
helps create a more accurate and achievable vision of
the future, on which action can further be carried out to
shape the future. From this angle, there is no doubt that
collaboration between all stakeholders is certainly an
ongoing process; this is especially true with technology.
There are new developments all the time and it certainly
takes a curious mind to be able to keep up with novelties.
It actually takes many curious minds, considering how
huge the quantity of knowledge and information is. It
24 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

also takes minds that can connect all the dots, and also
connect with each other.
Although time consuming, through back and forth
collaboration, together with ongoing feedback about
performance and new demands, all links of the chain will
become much more aware of what the objectives are and
how to foster ongoing improvement.
As many new technological developments come from
outside of the food and agriculture sectors, I believe it
is critical that the food producers be proactive in the
development of technologies and applications, but stating
clearly what they expect from technology suppliers and
tell them what they expect from them.
It is never too early to let them know what your
problems, limitations and/or objectives are, so that they
can work on it as soon as possible. Being proactive will
help speed up the development of the right products,
systems and applications.
Leadership is essential to create the right dynamic
In this process, leadership is of the essence. Leadership is
essential to create the right dynamics to make knowledge
transfer happen, fast and well. The role of leaders here
is to make knowledge transfer attractive and stimulating
for others, so that more stakeholders participate in the
development of innovation.
The more pressure that is put on suppliers to bring better
solutions to the food sector, the higher the chances of it
actually happening. Leaders must also foster connections
and networking across the disciplines; especially with
partners outside of the food and agriculture sector.
A vision that includes the bigger picture will have more
chances of stimulating the cross-discipline and crosssector collaboration. At the same time, it is crucial to stay
practical. The goal is to produce food, and that must be in
the minds of all participants.
Curiosity is really just the starting point. It feeds an
entire chain of ideas and decisions that are the basis for
improvement. There is no doubt that fortune favours the
bold. In the never-ending quest towards better foods and
better agricultural practices, such a process becomes an
illustration of the best way to predict the future is to
create it. This saying may have not been so true as today,
progress and food security depend on it.
Christophe Pelletier is a food and agriculture strategist
and futurist from Canada. He works internationally. He
has published two books on feeding the worlds growing
population. His blog is called The Food Futurist.

Stand D13, 24 - 27th Oct

Stand B28, Hall 21, 15 - 18th Nov

Preservation is key


E: info@bentallrowlands.co.uk

Milling News

Farming has a lesson for us all in making us adaptable,
innovative and patient
by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG
Once again I have
had the privilege to
visit other countries
and see first hand
other farming
This time I have
returned again from
Indonesia where
along with my colleagues at Perendale
Publishers Ltd we were represented at the
Indo Livestock event in Jakarta along with
other UK companies.
This event, which showcases some of the
best technologies available worldwide
to an audience of managers and decision
makers, clearly demonstrated the need for
innovative and forward thinking companies
to continually promote their products on a
world stage. A few years ago, the western
world was largely the exhibiting innovators
now we seem many other countries such as
South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand; to name
but a few. These nations are clearly aiming
to penetrate developing markets, of which
Indonesia is a prime example.
With a Government determined to increase
both agricultural and aqua cultural outputs
and still with a huge rurally based population,
there are so many ways that elevating
production can be achieved at primary
production level to the benefit of rural
In order to achieve this, training and
motivating and incentivising the workforce
must be a priority. Achieving these targets is
vital to efficient production and demonstrates
how simple technical improvements can have
an impact when increasing outputs, which is
a crucial part of increasing living standards
and the well being of rural populations.
Improving techniques and increasing profits
Often during my visits, whilst I often
see well-qualified and highly motivated
managers, it seems to me that their messages
do not reach the staff working with them.
One of my goals is to set up basic training
in rural areas given by practical teachers
who understand both the local culture and
challenges, providing trainees with first hand
experience of the industries needs.
Once improved techniques have been
demonstrated leading to increase profits, then
other issues can begin to be addressed.
28 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

The first of such issues is the need for

investment in seed stock, buildings and
equipment, without which continued
improvements and profitability will not be
able to be sustained.
So often when you work continually in a
system, you cannot see where problems lie
and how improvements can be made.
During my most recent visit for example, I
was taken to some small farms where you
could clearly see the need for better livestock
food production.
All of the raw materials were in place along
with pre mix, which although it was arranged
according to animal weight, it was mixed
by hand so there was no way of assessing
the quality of the diet fed to the animals
leading to waste at all levels. However, It
is too simple to just suggest using mixing
equipment as this would take away jobs, or at
the very least, a deployment of labour
Without properly constructed rations our
livestock industry cannot function properly
and we need our industry to continually
produce more from less if we the farmers are
to feed our urban cousins.
The reliance on in-feed antibiotics
For me it was also interesting to see the
reliance on in-feed antibiotic use, the
significance of which I am sure was not
recognised by the staff, but without it, I am
sure the underlying disease issues would
multiply out of control. Once again some
basic training and understanding would be
most beneficial leading to better quality of
products and profits
Then when I arrive back in the UK to find
our summer weather not at its best and I see
harvesters stood idly by whilst it is raining,
we are once again reminded that farming
is not a perfect in that to make growth and
harvest possible it is totally reliant on the
weather and fossil fuels.
By the time of my next column I will have
made yet another visit to China where we
see the extremes of industrialised farming
down to subsistence level, where the shear
number of people make very interesting and
challenging opportunities
I hope that we will see some of our readers at
VIV China, held in Beijing Agri Link in the
Philippines and Vietstock in Ho Chi Minh City.

Azelis, a leading global

speciality chemicals
distributor, announces
today that it has agreed
to acquire 100 percent of
Milan-based Ametech, a
leading distributor for a
complementary product
basket of speciality
chemicals for agrochemical
and fertiliser formulations,
feed and veterinary,
polymerisation in emulsion,
industrial applications
and other markets. With
its Italian, French and
Spanish operations,
Ametech is a market leader
in agrochemicals for the
distribution of adjuvants
and surfactants and employs
around 30 employees who
will all become part of the
Azelis Group.

The Joint Venture between

the Danish feed company
BioMar and Turkish seafood
company Sagun officialy
opened a state-of-the-art
fish feed factory in Turkey
on Thursday 25th August.
The BioMar-Sagun fish
feed factory based in Ske,
Turkey opened with a
ribbon cutting ceremony
attended by more than three
hundred guests. The factory
has 50,000 tons production
capacity and will supply
locally produced high
performance diets including
grower feeds for trout, sea
bass and sea bream. BioMarSagun will mainly serve
Turkey, but it will also start
export sales to some of the
neighboring countries.

The things we produce today were utopias yesterday.

Our task is to give shape to new ideas
and innovate what once was magic.

The things we produce today were utopias y

Our task is to give shape to new ideas
Walk The Italian Way
and innovate what once was magic.



Milling News

United States scientific

community discovers Silica+ at
ADSA-ASAS joint meeting

Concerning the effect of Silica+,

feed intake was improved by 4.13
percent in the post-weaning phase,
compared to the groups without
Silica+ (729g/day versus 700g/
day; P<0.05). In addition, groups
fed Silica+ showed an average daily
gain of 3.26 percent higher than
groups without Silica+ during the
same phase (607g/day versus 588 g/
day; p<0.05). This effect leads to an
improvement in piglets weight at
the end of the post-weaning phase of
2.2 percent (24.52 kg versus 23.99
kg; p<0.05), Yan Martel-Kennes
It was concluded that, under our
trial conditions, adding Silica+ to
piglet feed (0.02%) increases feed
intake, growth rate and piglet weight
at the end of the post-weaning
Additional trials conducted at the


ilica+ was unveiled for first

time at the 2016 Joint Annual
Meeting ASAS-ADSA held
in Salt Lake City, USA raising
lively interest from the scientific
community of the United States
and Worldwide. The presented
study shows the effect of Silica+
on piglet growth performance and
has been selected for publication in
Journal of Animal Science (vol 94,
E-Supplement 5).
According to the trial conducted on
piglets by a top government affiliated
research facility in the province of
Quebec (Canada), Research Centre
in Animal Sciences of Deschambault
(CRSAD) and supervised by the
centres scientific director Yan
Martel-Kennes MSc agr, piglets with
Silica+ have shown improved feed
intake, daily weight gain and final




JUNE 14, 2017



Schothorst Feed Research, South

China Agricultural University,
University of Beijing (in association
with MAFIK) and University of
Montreal concluded that adding only
0.02 percent of Silica+ to swine feed
increases final weight of finisher
pigs from 2 to 3 kilos and reduces
the feed conversion rate by 9 points.
Likewise, the effects of Silica+ in
poultry and aquaculture have been
published in Poultry Science journal
and Aqua Culture Asia Pacific
and show an improvement of all
performance parameters including
significant differences in FCR.
Silica+ is a crystalline silicon
dioxide of high purity (micronised
to particles of 40 m) that has
undergone electromagnetic treatment
under the unique technology of
Ceresco Nutrition. When added to
feed, Silica+ will accelerate the ionic
exchange within the digestive tract
thus improving enzymatic activity,
digestibility of proteins, and mineral
This mineral additive could offer
potential economic benefits to swine,
poultry and aquaculture producers.


GRAPAS is oering those supplying products

and services to millers working in the food
sector to present their latest technological

Part of the FVG Select 2017 event, 13 & 14 June, 2017,

Cologne, Germany

Online registration will open on October 1, 2016

Raw materials, additives and product

Technological developments in the milling

Challenges facing the food industry

32 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

For more information and to register visit:


Milling News



Clifford Spencer

Welcome to Milling4Life a
new Charitable Incorporated
Organisation dedicated to the
prevention and alleviation of
poverty, financial hardship and
malnutrition and enhancing
food security through promoting
sustainable milling.
Our first project is to introduce
the benefits of modern milling
technology and practice to a wider audience on the African
continent through targeted knowledge transfer.
For example, the charity plans to invite two African
candidates from each selected African country to visit a
major milling event (be it a conference or exhibition) for an
intensive week of knowledge acquisition. These candidates
will benefit from sponsored travel and accommodation with
the visit purpose being to intensively acquire knowledge of
the milling industry.
The candidates will then return home armed with this
knowledge and with continuing contact with the parties
they have met in that formative week.
We have the great advantage of the advice and experience
of the African Unions agency New Partnership for Africas
Development (NEPAD) in this task. In particular the agency
will assist in the initial selection of candidates and for this we
are exceptionally grateful to this esteemed organisation which
sits at the heart of African continental policy.
Our first and formative meetings of the Milling4Life
charities trustees and interested organising parties will take
place at the IAOM Conference and Exhibition at Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia on October 24-27, 2016 (http://iaom-mea.
NEPAD will participate in an opening Panel Discussion
on Tuesday October 25 the subject, Feeding the Fastest
Growing Economies of East Africa.
This panel discussion will be moderated by Buhler African
Milling Schools Martin Schlauri (you will find elsewhere
in this issue the importance the Buhler Group is now
placing on the milling industrys to respond and meet the
food demands of a world of nine billion by 2050) and
already includes Abubaker Bakhresa, Nick Hutchinson and
the Ethiopian Millers Association as confirmed panelists.
We will also arrange a reception on the afternoon of
Thursday October 27 as a closed invitation where we will
outline in more detail the role of Milling4Life working
with NEPAD. The agency will also give a more detailed
explanation of its work and role in Africa.
In our modern high-tech world it is difficult to contemplate
the reality that many people still cannot afford to pay for
milled grain products or for animal protein products
produced through feed milling. Milling for Life wants to
play its part in bringing about change in a range of milling

Leiber brewers yeast

products for:
Improve bioavailability of
nutrients & active ingredients
Stimulation and support for the
bodys natural defences
Binding and inactivation of
pollutants & mycotoxins


Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 33



Grain trading is a necessary, but not an easy task. Factors

including why, how and when to exchange grains makes the
U.S. trading industry complex. To enhance knowledge on this
topic, the IGP Institute held the IGPKSU Risk Management
Course August 1-5, 2016. Seven professionals traveled to the
IGP Institutes Conference Center for the training, five of which
stayed for the advanced section on the final two days of the

IGP Institute holds risk

management course for better
trading practices
According to Senior Agricultural Economist and Course Manager
Jay ONeil, the risk management course was well done with
international flour millers and domestic ethanol producers.
It is always interesting when we get to the last day and conduct
the trading simulation and watch how the participants apply what
they have learned. During the simulation exercise, we are able to
observe how the students balance their urges to speculate in the
futures market against their needs to manage the risk for their
respective companies. This brings the objectives of the course into
focus for everyone, ONeil says.
The course was split by level of experience, basic and advanced.
Students learned many skills and techniques for risk management

including why we have

futures markets, fundamental
Course Manager and Senior Agricultural
and technical analysis,
Economist Jay ONeil lectures about the
futures spreads principles
principles of future options.
of hedging, principles of
risk management and basic
trading, and principles of
futures and options trading.
During the advance session,
participants learned risk
management through the
use of option and over-theCourse Manager and Senior Agricultural
counter (OTC) markets.
Economist Jay ONeil lectures about the
Participant Gabriela
principles of future options.
Moraes, market analyst
at M.Dias Branco in Jaboatao dos Guararapes, Brazil says she
enjoyed everything about the course and it was a good experience
for her and her company.
I learned what we could do to minimise our risk when buying
grains. I also learned a lot about other things in the market, like
U.S. wheat and U.S. grains, Moraes says.
This is just one example of the trainings offered through the IGP
Institute. In addition to grain marketing and risk management,
the institute offers courses in the areas of flour milling and
grain processing, and feed manufacturing and grain quality

The training register

For a long time the International Milling Directory website has acted as the go-to platform for members of the aquaculture and milling industries
in order to stay up-to-date on tradeshow and conference events around the globe, by using it online Events Register.
International Milling is promoted on multiple social media streams including Twitter and Facebook, on all Perendale Publishers blogs
such as The Global Miller and The Aquaculturalists, as well as via its weekly newsletter.
On top of this the International Milling application for smart devices has been launched to further extend the contents
reach, allowing members of the industry to stay up-to-date while on the go.
This month we have launched our new Training Register. It will operate on the same platform as the Events Register, running
side-by-side. Our vision is to produce an easily accessible hub which will list aquaculture- and milling-related training
courses, workshops and educational opportunities from around the world, much the same as the Events Register does for
conferences and expositions.
We recognise that the only reason the Events Register has reached its current scale is due to the relationships
we have built with the industry and the willingness of organisers to supply and update their information
for us to promote. It is this that has led to International Milling Directory becoming such a reliable
reference for industry events, says Mr Roger Gilbert, publisher of the International Milling Directory.
If you, your company or organisation is organising a milling or aquaculture course we would like to hear
from you. No training course is too big or too small for any of our readers to attend.
This promotion service is currently offered free-of-charge.
Please send information on your training or course event to peterp@perendale.co.uk.



T: +44 1242 267703 / F: +44 1242 292017 / enquiries@internationalmilling.com

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 35

Conveyor Components
Company: Model RS pull cord

In every edition of Milling and Grain,
we take a look at the products that will
be saving you time and money in the
milling process.

The Model RS pull cord, manufactured by Conveyor

Components Company, is a rugged safety stop control that
provides a quick positive shut off of dangerous equipment in
emergencies. The outputs of the Model RS can control up to four
separate circuits, depending on the model chosen.
These alarms can include one for
machinery shutdown and one
for alarm. The Model RS was
developed to meet the
stringent requirements of safety
agencies throughout the
world. This control is designed
to act as an emergency stop
for conveyors and other
moving machinery.


PMPE Chain-Vey
MPEs Chain-Vey is ideal for the unique layouts and tight
constraints of brewery
facilities, but also provides a
unique alternative when it
comes to the transportation
and clean-out of spent grain.
Traditional cavity or fluid
pumps used to transport
spent grain to outdoor silos
require more than routine
maintenance and spare
parts, eating into a brewerys
production time and bottom


Bhler Networking Days

2016 took place from
August 22 24, 2016 in
Uzwil, Switzerland

The Chain-Vey is considered

a no-touch machine,
requiring zero unscheduled
maintenance per year and
less than US$100 per year in
consumable parts.


CropScan 3000F
The CropScan 3000F is our latest NIT analyser to be released by
NEXT Instruments. It has been designed to provide flour millers
with a single instrument to measure both whole grains of wheat
as well as flour, semolina and meal.
With a built in touch screen computer the CropScan 3000F
automates the data handling
and reporting functions
required by todays flour
milling industry.
The most significant
advance in the CropScan
3000F is that the rotating
dish sampling system
handles whole grains
and powders quickly
and accurately. Simply
load a sample, scrape
across and you are
ready for analysis.

36 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

High-compression PesaMill
The high-compression PesaMill has been specially developed
for the production of various flour qualities including Atta flour,
wholewheat flour for flat breads, dark flour and standard
bakery flour. As part of a seamlessly integrated grinding system
for producing flour, PesaMill sets new standards in terms of
food safety, flexibility and energy.PesaMill is the key grinding
component for both CombiMill
and Atta flour processes.
PesaMill has a flexible
grinding gap adjustment. This
allows for flexible production of
various flour qualities.



Innovation at Sweet. The company has invented, designed,
perfected and manufactured in-house a very clever multi-purpose
heat processor called the CalorMatic.
It offers a new concept for the economical, efficient, uniformed
and clean thermal treatment for a large variety of products, byproducts and materials.
It basically roasts, toasts and dries grains; for example, it takes
moisture out of the soybeans making the soy a better protein for
the feed industry, giving better enzyme activity and conversion
for better feed energy.
Its a hybrid product, its more like a dryer.
These units are available in different sizes. Sweet
indicated that they have sold multiple units to
a customer in the U.S. that processes specialty
products for the dairy and animal industries.
I was taken outside to see first-hand this awesome
machine, this working model is kept onsite to
run tests for potential customers to see if it will
extract the right amount of moisture from the
different products received.
This CalorMatic has a powerful fan that pulls air
from the outside and forces it through a flame
burner which fills a chamber with heated air
under the conveyor.
This super-hot air passes underneath the product.
The product never touches the flame; however,
you can see the burner through the window. The
fan will blow over the burner, thus blowing hot
air over the product. The heated air will push
through the product, so six inches of product
depth will go in and as you see this the material
will be wet at the beginning then it will become
super-heated with the air and will take out the
moisture in just one run.
The company has a long-time European dealer
in Italy who has sold multiple CalorMatic units

The Sweet Calormatic

throughout Europe over the past 20 plus years.
This awesome piece of equipment is very instrumental in the
feed industry and for roasting beans. The importance of such
a dynamic product was referenced in a panel discussion at a
recent Feed industry conference in the U.S. A senior executive
on the panel from a prominent industry cooperative indicated
how important it would be for all feed mills and cattle related
operations to have provisions for a roaster for their facilities. The
CalorMatic is an awesome piece of equipment indeed!



Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 37



Farm to Factory

by Phillip Clancy, Next Instruments, Australia

IR analysers are now available

for use in all aspects of food
production; right from farm
to factory. Australian company
Next Instruments specialises in
designing and manufacturing NIR
analysers for use by farmers, grain
traders, grain processors and food
manufacturers. The challenge has
been to design instrumentation that is powerful yet simple to
operate and maintain.
Firstly, farmers do often have science and engineering
degrees, but their primary job is to grow and reap their crops.
Therefore, the tools that they use to assist them in this process
need to be easy to use,
rugged and reliable.
Figure 1: Schematic
Secondly, grain buyers and
of Diode Array
grain processing companies
typically have a laboratory,
or at least an office to
operate instruments.
However the instruments
still have to perform the
tasks quickly and simply;
with the information
generated easily accessible
in this digital age.
And finally, food
manufacturers want to use
information to improve their
product quality and their operational productivity. NIR analysers
can play a useful role in the process of taking grains and oil seeds
from the farm to the supermarket shelves.


Next Instruments broad range of NIR analysers is based on

a simple diode array spectrometer that has a relatively small
footprint, has no moving parts, is fairly low cost to manufacture;
whilst still being both rugged and reliable.
Figure 1 shows a schematic of this diode array spectrometer.
Light from a tungsten halogen lamp shines through a sample of
grains, powder, slurry or liquid. The light energy is absorbed by
the protein, moisture, oil and sugars present in the sample. The
transmitted light is focused into the spectrometer where the light
gets separated into its component wavelengths.
The separated light, called the NIR spectrum (see figure 2), is
projected onto a silicon photodiode array detector that is also
38 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

used in photocopiers and flatbed scanners. The detectors in the

array measure the intensity of the light that hits each receptor,
with protein absorbing at a specific wavelength - 1020nm,
whilst water absorbs at 970nm, oil at 905nm and sugars at
820nm. By measuring the amount of light that hits each detector
element, then the amount of light absorbed at each wavelength
can be calculated. This allows the instrument to measure
the concentration of each component. The more light that is
absorbed, the higher the concentration.
Typically this simple diode array spectrometer typically
weighs approximately 7kg and is the size of a lunch box. The
spectrometer can be fitted to an instrument chassis with the
appropriate sampling mechanism to make a NIR analyser for
many different applications.

On Farm NIR Analysers

The CropScan range of On

Farm NIR Analyser includes
the CropScan 1000 and 3000
configurations. The CropScan
1000G (see figure 3) is a
portable whole grain analyser
designed to provide farmers
with the ability to measure their
grains before the truck leaves
the farm gate.
The 1000G can be run from a
Diffraction grating
car adapter and suits operation
in a utility vehicle, a tractor
or a combine. Grain can be
analysed in less than 60 seconds for protein, moisture and oil.
The farmer can use the information to segregate the crop by
protein and oil in order to capture higher-grade premiums. The
superior accuracy of the NIR for measuring moisture provides
farmers with the ability to know when to strip and when to dry
their grains.
The CropScan 3000H On Combine Analyser is the only
proven whole grain analyser to operate on virtually any combine
harvester. The 3000H consists of three main parts.
1) Remote Sampling Head,
2) NIR Spectrometer and
3) Touch Screen PC Controller (See figure 4).
Grain travelling up the clean grain elevator on the side of the
combine falls into the Remote Sampling Head where it is trapped
for several seconds while the NIR spectrum is collected.
The light that passes through the sample is transmitted back to
the NIR Spectrometer located inside the combines cabin. The

NIR Analysers for Grain Traders

Figure 2. NIT Spectra of Grains and Oilseeds

NIR Spectrometer is described above. The Touch Screen PC

Controller generates the NIR Spectrum and applies the calibration
models stored in the PCs memory. The protein and moisture, for
wheat and barley and protein, moisture and oil for canola, are
displayed on the PC screen.
The PC controls the remote sampling head whilst also enabling
the flaps to be opened, causing the grain to drop out and return to
the downside of the clean grain elevator. The flap then closes and
the sampling head fills up; meaning that another NIR Spectrum
is collected. The system collects data at approximately 12 second
intervals; with each reading tagged with the GPS coordinates so
that Real-Time Protein Paddock Maps can be displayed on the
PC screen (see figure 5).
The CropScan 3000H can send the data to the internet where
it can be remotely monitored from a Smart Phone, Tablet or
office PC. The CropNet Grain Data Management Software suite
provides all the tools necessary to store the data in the Cloud and
then access it from anywhere in the world. Figure 6 shows an
example of the CropNet software.

NIR is used throughout the world for determining the protein,

moisture, oil, fiber and starch in grains and oil seeds. In the
1970 to 1990 period, NIR analysers worked in reflectance and
measured ground or powdered materials. From the mid 1990s
whole grain analysers working in transmission have virtually
superceded the reflectance analysers for buying and selling grain.
Whole grain NIR analysers are faster, easier to operate, less dust,
no sample preparation and measure a lot more grain to provide a
more accurate result for protein, moisture and oil.
The CropScan 1000B and 3000B (See figure 7), are popular
whole grain analysers used around the world. The 1000B includes
a built in Test Weight Module and comes with adapters to measure
seeds from canola and linseed to cereals such as wheat, barley and
oats to large seeds such as faba beans and corn. The 3000B is a
more sophisticated system with a built in Touch Screen PC.
The 3000B software allows the operator to enter a number of
data fields that are important for grain traders, ie, variety, farmer
ID, tonnage, test weight, screenings and retention; along with the
protein, oil and moisture. The big difference between the 1000B
and 3000B lies in that the 3000B does no require adapters to
handle small to large seeds. The pathlength of the sample cell is
adjusted automatically for each seed type.
Both the CropScan 1000B and 3000B can be interfaced to the
CropNet Grain Data Management Software. CropNet can read
a weighbridge monitor, the CropScan analyser, a falling number
analyser, a GAC moisture analyser and a Seed-Count image analyser
so that all data related to the grains quality, source, tonnage, storage
location and grade can be stored in a single spreadsheet. The data is
automatically sent to the Cloud and can be accessed remotely from
anywhere in the world through the CropNet web site.


Norwood and Company

With four generations of experience in the grain, feed,
flour milling and wood industries our family would be
more than happy to help you design, build, repair or
expand any new or existing grain facilities
We also offer a large variety of new and
used grain equipment to help meet your needs
norwood_hp.indd 1

Contact us on:
Fred Norwood, President; Tel: +1 405 834 2043
Brandon Norwood, Vice President; Tel: +1 785 822 4109

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 39

10/02/2015 17:30

Figure 3: The
1000G is a
portable whole
grain analyser
designed to
provide farmers
with the ability
to measure their
grains before the
truck leaves the
farm gate.

Figure 8. MultiScan Analysers - MultiScan series 2000 NIT analyser,

Series 4000 FTNIR analyser and Series 5000 in line analyser,

Figure 7.
Whole Grain
Analysers Cropscan
whole grain
whole grain

Figure 4. CropScan 3000H On Combine Analyser Components

Figure 5. Protein Paddock Maps

NIR Analysers for Grain Processors and Food


Companies that process grain into animal feed, flour, meals

etc, use NIR in the laboratory as well as in line analysers in
the factory. Likewise food manufactures use NIR for discrete
testing of raw materials, goods in process and finished
products. Food manufacturers not only measure grain and
grain based products but also dairy and meat products as
well as ingredients.
The major benefits offered by NIR analysis are speed and
simultaneous multiple component measurements. However
NIR is only a secondary technique and must be used in
conjunction with laboratory or wet chemistry methods. As a
guide, if a manufacturer or processor requires five tests per
day, then wet chemistry methods should be used. However if
the number of tests increases to 20 or 50 per day then a NIR
analyser can be an economical and fast way to measure 90
percent of the samples but still use the wet chemistry methods
for the other 10 percent. This ensures that the NIR method
is monitored and if necessary, to be updated as new samples
become available. The counter side to this argument is that if
there are no wet chemistry methods available to monitor the
NIR method then the accuracy and precision of the testing will
be unknown.
Next Instruments offers a number of NIR analysers for
grain processors and food manufacturers (see figure 8). The
MultiScan Series 2000 Near Infrared Transmission Analyser
provides the ability to measure grains, powders, pellets, liquids
and slurries. The MultiScan Series 4000 FTNIR Spectrometer is
designed to measure powdered materials such as animal feeds,
flour, milk and whey powder, chemicals, soybean products,
corn starch, corn flour, rice and rice flour, powdered egg, sugars
and starches.
The MultiScan Series 5000 In Line Analyser provides
continuous measurement of multiple components in a flowing
or moving stream. These systems have software included to
collect, store, plot and send the data to the internet or intranet.


Figure 6. CropNet Software

40 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

NIR analysis is possibly the most diverse technique

available in analytical chemistry. No other technology can
measure five to six components simultaneously without any
sample preparation. No other technology can be used to
measure such a wide range of samples and forms of samples,
ie, grains, powders, pellets, slurries, liquids and solids.
NIR analysis is not a panacea for all analytical problems.
It is generally not suitable for trace component analysis.
The limit of testing is generally one percent for any single
compound. NIR analysis is a secondary method and must be
supported by primary analysis techniques. But overall, NIR
analysis is the only technology that can be used from Farm
to Factory.


Behlen puts steel where it counts for
outstanding strength and durability.
Largest capacities in the industry
better installed cost per ton.
Wide selection of sizes to meet
customer needs.

Flat-sided trapezoidal
corrugation provides a
superior weather seal.

Structural eave tension/
compression ring provides
superior resistance to wind
damage to silos, full or empty.


Behlen Mfg. Co. has been ISO registered since 1999.

Analysis & testing




by Andrew Wilkinson and Malachi Stone


ust on the outskirts of the Cotswold town of

Chipping Campden, set amongst the Cotswold
stone buildings, you will find the head offices of
Campden BRI.
Campden BRI is a dynamic, cutting-edge
research organisation, which counts some of
the biggest global players in the food and drink
industry as its members. It has been supporting
the food and drink industry for over 90 years.
Boasting a total of 3,000 square metres of labs and 3,500 square
metres of pilot plant, the team of 350 staff at Campden BRI
provides the food and drink industry with practical scientific,
technical and advisory services needed to ensure product safety
and quality, as well studying the efficiency of both processes
and production. They also train thousands of food and drink
specialists each year.

The work carried out by Campden BRI covers four main areas:
analysis and testing, knowledge management, research and
innovation and operational support.

Analysis and testing

Relevant, reliable and timely analytical results are essential for

the food and drink industry. The analysis of food from the raw
materials and ingredients and through processing to the final end
product is an important part of managing food safety, quality
and authenticity. Results are the basis for many big decisions.
Campden BRI offer a wide range of analyses, including
assessing ingredients suitability for purpose, and microbiological
and contaminant testing, to determining the composition and
authenticity of food, foreign body analysis, packaging and
sensory analysis.
During our tour we were shown Campden BRIs state of the

DEMO #1 - Flour quality, proving the difference

The technicians at Campden BRI ran a demonstration to show the importance of flour quality. They split us into four groups and
allocated a flour from one of four nabim ratings to each group. Groups One and Two got standard white bread flour, though Group Ones
was best - an artisanal variety called Centurian, with vitamin C added as an oxidising agent. Group Three were given biscuit flour, while
the fourth group were given a low-grade, high-bran formulation of the kind used for animal feed.
In each group, the flour and other ingredients were mixed together thoroughly using a spiral mixer. The physical action of mixing aids
in the development of the gluten structure, we were told.
As the mixing progressed, it became more and more obvious that there was something fundamentally different between the flours
- while the higher quality doughs became beautifully stretchy, Group Fours took a great deal of mixing to get it to stay in one piece.
Indeed, by the time it was well enough mixed to move on to kneading, Group One were already putting their loaf to prove.
Hand kneading helps spread air through the dough, but industrial bakeries go further: we were shown a machine employing what
looked like a chain mail sushi mat to roll the dough. This made doubly sure the air bubbles were small and evenly distributed.
The dough was then placed, seam side down, in the tin it would be baked in. To prevent sticking, an emulsifier was used on the tins not butter, as it has a relatively low burning point. The dough was then put in a kind of metal cupboard heated to 40 degrees to speed up
the proving process.
Once the dough had proved fully, it was removed and given its final touches before baking. Scoring the upper surface with a very sharp
knife has a similar effect to scoring a pork joint - it causes it to crisp nicely in the oven. Spraying with a little water likewise aids crust
formation, as well as helping in the adherence of any seeds sprinkled on by the baker.
The loaf was then placed in a steam-assisted oven to bake for 35 minutes at 220 degrees.
The results were very clear. Loaf One was structurally everything you would expect from a supermarket bread: light, resilient and
springy. The next two were less so. They were also smaller, not having risen so well during baking. Worst of all was Loaf Four: stunted
and somewhat doughy in the middle (it also smelt vaguely of grass).
None of this should come as a surprise when you consider the provenance of the flours. Much of a doughs consistency and that of the
resultant loaf is down to the levels of functional protein it contains.
Flour One had 11 or 12 percent functional protein; Flours Two and Three had nine or ten percent, and eight or nine percent,
respectively. The bran in Flour Four contained a lot of protein, but of the wrong type for forming structures during mixing and baking.
Additionally, fragments of bran will also coat gluten particles that are present and block them from linking with each other - an
essential process in the formation of effective protein structures in a dough.
42 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

art sensory facilities. Many retailers and manufacturers call on
Campden BRIs help when developing new products to carry
out discrimination tests - such as triangle tests - to investigate
potential taint problems or the effects on the product of changes
in ingredients or process.
This is all carried out in the companys sensory analysis
laboratories a suite of 24 booths with controlled lighting,
decoration and air flow where their consumer panel of tasters
give detailed feedback on all aspects of a product.
Campden BRI work for many government departments and
agencies. Campden BRIs expertise in analysis and testing has
been recognised as a centre of excellence for food authenticity
testing by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural
They are also active in many areas of food authenticity
testing, including meat, fish and seafood speciation, olive oil
analysis, and spice adulteration. Methods used include real time
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, DNA sequencing,
immunoassays, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
(ICP-MS), microscopy, and a wide variety of liquid and gas
chromatographic techniques.
The company carries out analysis of goods imported into the
UK from outside the EU for HMRC. Some of the questions
the company is asked to investigate include: Is this lamb fat or
lamb meat? Is this rice really brown rice? Has this food product
labelled fresh been frozen? Is this wheat really Durum? The
answers affect how a product is classified, which is crucial for the
HMRC so it can apply the correct tax or duty.
Campden BRI also develops new test methods and have several
research projects underway including one looking at the potential
for new and emerging analytical technologies to provide rapid
and cost-effective ways of ensuring the authenticity of foods

and drinks and detecting adulteration and another researching

how micro and nano-scale bubbles can be used to improve the
effectiveness of washing and cleaning food contact materials.

Knowledge management

The area of knowledge management is the term used by

Campden BRI to describe the area of work that they conduct that
includes the provision of information for industrial best practice,
guideline publications, a wide range of training courses, seminars
and conferences, industrial member interest groups, databases,
and expert technical and legislation information and advice.
Their vast information library allows them to provide detailed
advice on topics ranging new technologies to food law and beer

100% automatic analysis of

grain at intake
GESTAR is an entirely automated quality
control system of grain at intake.
The GESTAR software takes command of
each step, from grain distribution to printing
the results and completely controlling
machines. Automation makes the process
extremely quick with an average time of 5 to
6 minutes per truck.

GESTAR solution example integrating the checkpoint (left)

and the analytical devices (right)

In a single sample and a single pass,

GESTAR provides the moisture, protein
and gluten content, specific weight, Zeleny
index, as well as an estimation of the level
of impurities measured in an analyzer chain
made up of QUATUOR, AquaTR, and
GESTAR combines traceability, accurate
results, and reliable measurements through
stand-alone, precise tools.

For more information,

scan this code or visit

#Hall 9 C68

20, Avenue Marcellin Berthelot

92396 Villeneuve-la-Garenne - France

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 43

Research and Innovation

The practical application of technical excellence lies at the

heart of everything Campden BRI does, so all its activities are
underpinned by a robust programme of industrially relevant
research and innovation. Each year, they invest 2 million in its
annual member funded research programme.
The company currently has 26 projects underway, which are
voted for and steered by its industrial members. The programme
not only generates new knowledge and practical services for
members, but also drives Campdne BRIs skills pipeline.

Operational support

The final of the four main areas of the work carried out by
Campden BRI is Operational Support. In all areas of the industry,
problems can arise that require urgent or specialist help. This

DEMO #2 - Cutting edge research: the

quest for the perfect slice of bread

A researchers life can be quite demanding. Understanding your subject

is one thing; teaching others about it can be quite another. Thankfully, not
only are Campden BRIs experts highly skilled at what they do, they are
also really rather good at explaining it.
Our tour group was treated to a set of lectures offering fascinating
insights into the various attributes of baked goods and the wheat varieties
they are made from.
Head of Primary Production and Processing, Simon Penson opened
with a presentation on Food structure characterisation.
Scanning and imaging technologies are being used more and more to
understand the changes that go on in the structure and composition of
foods as they are processed, he told us.
For example, the distribution of moisture in a loaf can be clearly seen
by means of NIR imaging, while CT scanning can be employed during
the proving and baking processes to record changes in the loafs structure
as they take place.
Items such as pieces of fruit show up well in an NIR scan due to their
high moisture content. This has useful applications: if, say, we bake a
fruit cake with flour that is low in protein or contains a lot of bran, NIR
scanning will show that as the cake expands, the fruit pieces remain at
the bottom as the weak structure of the dough is unable to support their
weight. Although we cannot directly see the (relatively dry) bran or the
protein molecules in NIR images, we can certainly see the effects of their
presence or scarcity.
A leading chocolate bar manufacturer had a problem: one of their
products wasnt keeping as well as they would have liked. Hyperspectral
NIR analysis by Campden BRI showed that moisture was migrating from
the bars caramel component to the biscuit component situated directly
below it. The result was that the caramel was getting too hard and the
biscuit was becoming too soft. A greater awareness of exactly how this
was happening proved invaluable in the chocolatiers work to counter the
problem. Fat and sugar distribution can also be mapped by this method.
Micro-CT scanning is used for smaller samples, but the images have
much higher resolution. The process is non-destructive - a scanned grain
can still be planted and grown afterwards. This technology allows us,
for the first time, to make a detailed assessment of such things as bubble
structure and distribution - for example, in aerated chocolate. It is also
used to understand the effects of different additives and processes on
the structure of biscuits and crackers. Such insights are invaluable for
devising and improving the variety of crispiness, crunchiness and other
attributes involved in the mouth feel that consumers want and expect in
a product. CT scanning can also be used to assess salt distribution, as salt
crystals are very dense and thus show up readily in such scans.
The second talk, Wheat variety quality testing and the future of the
44 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

might be to troubleshoot product or packaging problems or help

might be needed to validate a process, develop or reformulate
products, implement safety assurance or find out what consumers
think about a product.
Campden BRIs main role is to deliver commercially relevant
solutions. Sometimes the help they provide is based on advice
and on other occasions they draw on their extensive pilot plant
areas. We were shown their areas for heat processing, chilling,
freezing, malting and brewing, soft drinks, milling and baking, as
well as for emerging technologies.
The pilot plant is pivotal in linking small scale development to
full scale commercial production. Using the pilot plant removed
the need for costly interruptions to production, reduces waste and
provides an opportunity to assess production implications on a
manageable scale.
industry, dealt with research into the suitability of new wheat varieties
for end-use applications. Simply put, your crop may well stand up to a
Siberian winter, but is it any good for biscuits?
To save time and resources, we were told, a wheat sample is milled
using a small Chopin lab mill to produce just enough flour for a 28-gram
sample loaf, which is then tested and a straight yes-or-no decision made
as to its suitability for baking.
It is important to understand a wheat varietys key quality parameters
and what controls and influences them. Mostly, its down to genetics,
but environment and nutrition can also play a strong or weak role. For
example, endosperm texture, so important for creating the starch damage
needed for baking processes, is primarily controlled by genes, but weakly
influenced by the environment. However, the last few harvests have been
notable for problems in creating starch damage. This appears to be due to
the environment - probably the weather. Currently nabim are sponsoring
tests to see how water absorption influences starch damage.
Protein content is very important for good bread. Current wheat yields
for a 13 percent protein wheat are at best roughly seven tonnes per
hectare for a nitrogen application of 250kg/ha. With current wheat strains,
any attempts to increase this yield with the same amount of fertiliser
would simply dilute the protein content: a 25 percent increase in yield
would mean 10.4 percent protein.
Actually, 13 percent protein makes for a rather hard bread. Much nicer
doughs can be obtained with 11 or 12 percent protein. But 10.4 percent
is too low. We need new wheat varieties with improved nitrogen-use
efficiency and improved protein functionality.
The final lecture, Assessing bread quality was given by Gary Tucker,
head of the Bread and Cereal Processing Department.
C-Cell analysis is used on bread to assay the size of the bubbles
(cells), their number and the thickness of their walls, he explained.
One side of a slice of your average supermarket loaf will show about
ten thousand cells. A premium loaf has roughly 13,000. These cells
cause a scattering of the light that hits them, which makes the slice
appear whiter than it actually is. So a slice from a premium loaf will
look cleaner and whiter than regular bread. Naturally this will affect
consumer choice.
The orientation of the cells in the slice is important too, particularly
so in the case of sandwich bread: it needs to be soft, but it also needs to
be strong to endure the shearing force of a knife spreading butter on it.
However, we tend to spread butter on a slice in a particular direction, so if
the cells are oriented in this direction, the slice will have greater resilience
against shearing without having to be more chewy.
What was the take-home point in all this? For me, it was simply that
the degree of research and design that goes into a humble slice of bread
is nothing short of incredible. Whether its a breakfast croissant, my
lunchtime panini or that cheeky muffin before bed, one thing is certain the bakery products on my plate will never look the same again.

by Andrew

ecent studies have shown that at the

current rate of growth, by 2050 the
human population will have swelled
to 9.5 billion. Recent FAO statistics
have also shown that we do currently
not have enough land set aside for
cultivating crops to cope with this
population surge.
So to meet this increase in demand,
we will need to find new ways of getting food to those who
need it most. One of the most effective ways of meeting this
deficit would be to grow the food at source even in some of the
worlds most hostile climates.

Why millet?

mechanical thresher. The plant can quickly come to head, so it

must be managed accordingly because as the plant matures the
value and palatability of feed reduces.
Pearl millet should be harvested as early as possible to minimize
losses due to birds, and bad weather. Mature grain pearl millet in
the field usually contains about 30 percent moisture. At moisture
levels higher than 25 percent, the seeds are too soft to withstand
the threshing action. The ideal moisture content for harvesting
grain pearl millet is about 20 percent. However, it is worth noting
that thin stems, heavy panicles, and profuse tilling may result in
lodging of the plants.
The seeds in the panicles of lodged plants germinate in the
moist field and thus affect grain yield and quality. Hence, the
plants are tied together to prevent
lodging of plants.

Starchy endosperm

Millets are a group of versatile,

small seeded, resilient, cereal
crops that are used widely around
Storage of crops is an essential
the globe for both food and
component of the whole production
animal feed.
system, and millet is no exception.
One of the key factors in the
This stage in the process facilitates
spread of millet is that the crop has
several of each farmers key
proven itself throughout history to
objectives, such as ensuring that
be particularly drought resistant.
excess food is made available for
Millet also boasts an impressive
the future; whilst also presenting an
wealth of health benefits, as well
opportunity to prevent against food
as being gluten free.
shortages. The storage stage can also
However, among cereals, millet
provide seed during the next growing
ranks sixth in the world in terms
season, allowing the farmer to keep
of area production behind wheat,
the grain aside for a time when they
maize, rice, barley and sorghum
will be able to sell at a much more
Scutellar epithelium
according to FAO statistics.
favourable price.
Annual world production of
However, in previous years, not
millet grains is currently 762712
so much attention has been paid by
tonnes - with India the top
scientists to establishing the most
Embryonic axis
producer at 334 500 tonnes.
favourable conditions for storing
In sub-Saharan Africa millet
millet, and according to McFarlane,
is the third most widely grown
et al. (1995), this attention, has
crop, with the worlds top millet
been considerably less than that for
producers being India followed
other cereals. The main reason for
Schema of Pearl Millet Seed Structure.
by Nigeria; with Nigeria and
this, according to the FAO, is that
(Source: Rooney and McDonough, 1987
Mali producing the third and
sorghum and millets are regarded
fourth highest yields respectively.
as, minor grain crops despite their
Presently, the African continent produces 56 percent of the worlds
relative importance as food staple in many growing countries.
output, of which 99.9 percent is produced in sub-Saharan Africa.
The other notable reason given by the FAO is that farmers in
the arid and semi-arid countries where millets are grown achieve
quite impressive storage performance with regards to millet by
employing relatively simple traditional methods.
Once the grasses and seed heads have turned golden brown,
Most millets have excellent storage properties and can be kept
millet can be harvested either by hand or with the use of a

46 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

for up to 4-5 years in simple storage facilities such as traditional

granaries. This is because the seeds are protected from being
eaten by insects by the hard hull covering the endosperm, and
because grain is usually harvested and stored in dry weather
conditions (FAO and ICRISAT, 1996). So , although there may
be large year-to-year variations in production, stockpiles can
easily build up over a number of years.
Following drying and threshing, millets can be stored as loose
grain in bags or or in loose containers (McFarlane et al, 1995).
The most common method then involves leaving the grains on
the field, prior to threshing, in stacks or piles of harvested plants.
That said, the detached heads may also be stored away from
the field, in exposed stack or in traditional storage containers.
However, the essential pre-requisites for storage of millets are the
same as those for other grains.

Processing on an industrial scale

At present, industrial methods of processing millet are not as

well developed
as the methods used for say, processing wheat and rice; which

in most places are considered to be much more useful than millet.

Attempts have been made to develop improved industrial
techniques for milling millet. One such attempt was made by
Ngoddy in a study carried out in 1989. It was found that custom
milling has had a significant impact in several African countries
where it had recently been introduced.
In Nigeria alone, the study found that where about 80 percent of
millet was custom milled into whole flour, just over 2.5 million
tonnes of millet had been processed in this way.

Urban markets

One of the key issues facing global the spread of millet grains is
that they are still mainly limited to populations in rural areas and
are often milled manually within a household. This, according to
the Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
is due to the lack of innovative millet processing technology
which would enable easy-to-handle, ready-to-cook, ready-to-eat
and safe products and meals at a commercial scale that can be
used to feed large populations in urban areas.
For millet to be used more globally, developments would have




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Practices Certication
27.9 | News Conference


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Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 47

most digestible grains available. Millet protein is also high in

fibre, B vitamins and magnesium.
According to a study carried out by researchers from Chinas
Agricultural University in Beijing and Assiut University in Egypt,
the potential health benefits of eating millet includes preventing
cancer and cardiovascular diseases; reducing tumor incidence;
lowering, risk of heart disease, cholesterol and rate of fat
absorption. Many of these health benefits owe much to millets
Effects of milling on millet
relatively high antioxidant levels. The study also found that millet
The effects of milling on nutritional contents of millet grains
grains have the potential to be useful in preventing diabetes and
and their milling fractions have been studied by a number of
for treatment of diabetics due to its high poly-unsaturated fat
researchers. One such study, carried out by Haryana Agricultural
University in India, found that the milling of pearl millet changed
However, millet does
its gross chemical
come with a slight health
composition. However,
Nutrient profile comparison of millet with other food staples
warning. The grain is said
baking it did not cause
Sorghum Proso
Synopsis Cassava Wheat
to contain small amounts
a significant change in
Rice Sweetcorn
of goiter genic substances
nutrient content of raw
that can limit uptake of
pearl millet flour. It was
(per 100g portion, raw Amount Amount Amount Amount Amount Amount
iodine to the thyroid. These
also found that milling
so-called thyroid function
and heat treatment during
Water (G)
inhibitors can cause
chapatti making lowered
Energy (Kj)
goiter when consumed in
polyphenols and phytic
Protein (G)
large quantities; this may
acid but increased both
Fat (G)
explain the correlation
the protein and starch
Carbohydrates (G)
between millet consumption
amino acids.
Fiber (G)
and goiter incidence in
In a second study that
developing countries
was conducted by Indias
Sugars (G)
where millet constitutes a
University of Mysore,
Iron (Mg)
significant part of the diet.
two pearl millet varieties
Manganese (Mg)
were milled into whole
Calcium (Mg)
flour, semi-refined flour,
Global warming and
Magnesium (Mg)
and a bran-rich fraction
the increased demand
Phosphorus (Mg)
and were evaluated for
for millet
Potassium (Mg)
nutrients, anti-nutrients,
Millets versatility and
and mineral bioits reputation for drought
Zinc (Mg)
accessibility. The results
resistance, could prove key
Pantothenic Acid (Mg)
of the study indicated
to preventing a possible
Vitb6 (Mg)
that nutrient content of
impending global feed
Folate (g)
the semi-refined flour
crisis. With cultivation
Thiamin (Mg)
was comparable to whole
areas soon to be under
Riboflavin (Mg)
flour, with the exception
higher demand than ever,
Niacin (Mg)
of its fat content, which
hardier crops such as
was at 1.3 percent. Why
millet, which are able to be
would people choose to
stored for longer periods of
consume millet flour over its more widely consumed counterparts time, could soon be key to ensuring those that live in the most
such as wheat or rice?
arid of climates are fed well into the future.
With the threat of global warming also looming, much more
our planet could soon be classed as arid, so with the changing
Potential health benefits
will come the need to adapt and diversify which could
Millet boasts a wealth of health benefits, as well as being
see crops such as millet become much more commonplace in
gluten-free. Millet is also an alkali, which makes it easy to digest
both our diets and our fields.
and is widely considered to be one of the least allergenic and
to be made in industrial milling techniques to ensure that the
grain is more widely available and at lower cost. A cost effective
milling process would need to be employed to ensure that the
versatile grain was reaching those who needed it most; those in
poorer, urban areas. Does milling millet have any effect on its

48 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

The Truth About

Mycotoxin Binders
in Feed

By Michele Muccio, Product Manager at BIOMIN

inding, or adsorbing, specific

mycotoxins to limit their negative
effects in livestock is a wellestablished method for mycotoxin
deactivation. While a large number
of binder products containing
clay minerals such as bentonites
are commercially available, there
is a certain amount of confusion
in the market regarding claims authorised by the European
This matters to many feed and livestock producers, since it
relates to product safety and effectiveness, which in turn impacts
animal performance and profitably.

What can be bound?

This can be answered on two levels: one answer being scientific

and the other - purely legal. Starting from the chemistry,
mycotoxins such as aflatoxins have a relatively flat chemical
structure and can be trapped between the layers of bentonites;
much in the same way as a slice of meat sits between two slices
of bread in a sandwich.
Once the mycotoxin enters the binder layers, the electric force
generated by the atoms of both compounds tightens the bond.
The not-so-flat chemical structure of other mycotoxins like
deoxynivalenol (DON) or zearalenone (ZEN) results in less
effective adsorption. Legally speaking, only aflatoxin binding
claims are authorised in the EU.

What makes a good binder?

A multi-year research project between BIOMIN and IFA

Tulln, the world leader in research on fungi and mycotoxins,
tested more than 300 different materials such as organic binders,
cellular components, aluminosilicates, activated carbon, etc. for
their ability to bind aflatoxins. The researchers found that five key
characteristics defined a successful material, namely: adsorption
capacity, irreversibility, specificity, safety and in vivo biomarkers
1. High adsorption capacity: The method developed by IFA
and the BIOMIN Research Center requires that 200 grams of
the adsorbent be able to bind more than 90 percent of 4,000
ppb of aflatoxin at a pH of 5.0. This is a rather high bar, as
the chart below shows that only 3 out of 30 commercially
available products tested met the requirements. The European
Union Reference Laboratories (EURL) later adopted this set of
requirements as a reference for testing adsorbent materials.
2. Irreversibility: It is important that the aflatoxin binding is
strong e.g. not easily undoneotherwise the bound toxins
could be released again and have a negative impact upon
animal performance.
50 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

3. Specificity: Specificity means that only the targeted material

(aflatoxins) is adsorbed. A material that is not specific would
bind all sorts of other things, such as nutrients, and reduce
the quality of feeda particularly undesirable effect when it
comes to feed additives.
4. Safety: Any binder used in the food and feed chain should by
definition be safe for animals, consumers and the environment.
In practice, this means that the substance should be non-toxic
and have no carry-over into meat and other animal products.
5. In vivo biomarkers studies: Data from a minimum of three in
vivo studies performed in at least two different locations showing
statistically significant effects must be provided to demonstrate
efficacy at the lowest recommended dosage in a specific species.
Demonstration of efficacy must be provided according to
scientifically recognized biomarkers for target species.

And the winner is

These five criteria are reflected in the EU authorisation process

that governs claims of mycotoxin deactivation. The BIOMIN
IFA project allowed researchers to identify a particular bentonite
for its outstanding aflatoxin binding abilities. This bentonite
was scientifically evaluated by EFSA and obtained the EU
authorisation for mycotoxin deactivationa testament to its
safety, efficacy and purity.

EU authorisation

In 2009, the European Commission opened a new functional

group of technological additives in order to ensure safety,
purity and efficacy of mycotoxin deactivating compounds. EU
registration is considered as a benchmark for quality by the
industry and markets by countries both inside and outside of the
EU. Feed and livestock producers are able to make decisions
more wisely knowing that they are purchasing quality products.
In total, two official documents report the necessary
requirements to obtain registration:
The Regulation (EC) No 429/2008, a basic document for the
preparation of an application.
The scientific guidance document issued by the European Food

Mycox 5.0

Absolute Protection
Powered by science to actively defend against multiple mycotoxins*
With 3 combined strategies



*Authorized by EU Regulations No 1115/2014, 1060/2013 and 1016/2013 for the

reduction of contamination with fumonisins, aatoxins and trichothecenes.


Naturally ahead


Safety Authority (EFSA) known as EFSA 2012; 10(1):2528
The stringent EU requirements to directly prove
the deactivation of mycotoxins in vivo with scientific
biomarkers demands a solid and long-standing commitment
to R&D in the service of customers. It involves a
significant amount of in vivo and in vitro data.
So far, only one company (BIOMIN) has achieved EU
authorisation for substances able to detoxify mycotoxins:
one authorisation for the bentonite (Mycofix Secure) plus
two other substances (FUMzyme and Biomin BBSH).
Apart from BIOMIN, five other companies tried to
receive EU authorisation for their product for aflatoxinbinding, but none of them succeeded so far and four of
them have already withdrawn their dossiers.

Misguided claims

In some cases, companies that produce binders will claim

to have included some proportion of bentonite or have EU
authorisation for their products without having had the product
evaluated for safety and efficacy. This warrants caution by feed
and livestock producers, as the product on offer may not contain
the correct bentonite or the appropriate amounts in order to be
Moreover, those binder providers expose themselves to
investigation of the claims by national control authorities, which
can demand the evidence of scientific backing.
Bentonite is a natural clay and differs largely depending on
the origin. Only the specific bentonite sold exclusively in the
Mycofix product line has undergone the complete EFSA
evaluation with all experiments and trials for identity, safety and
efficacy and succeeded in a final authorisation.

Buyer beware

Described by the EU authorisation as substances for reduction

of the contamination of feed by mycotoxins, binders are a must
in terms of quality for feed and livestock producers. In the case
of the bentonite 1m558 as aflatoxin binder, this authorisation is
based on the dossier submitted by BIOMIN and on the bentonite
available from the company.
We at BIOMIN have proven that our bentonite works with an
extensive dossier positively evaluated by EFSA and meeting all
of the requirements of efficacy, selectivity and safety. Potential
pitfalls of a bentonite lacking this scientific evaluation could
include poor effectiveness, reduction in feed quality, concerns
around safety and wasted money.
Given the highly competitive nature of todays global animal
protein markets, robust scientific data and proper authorisation
can offer both performance (in terms of adequacy) and peace of

52 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Birth defect estimates highlight two key growth areas
by Sarah Zimmerman, Food Fortification Initiative

In 2015, an estimated 35,500 serious birth defects of the spine and brain
were prevented because wheat and maize flours were fortified with
folic acid, according to research published in July 2016.

hile the figures above

are a tremendous
accomplishment, the
study noted that the
total only represents
13.2 percent of the birth
defects that could be
prevented by adding folic
acid to grain products.
The difference between what is being done and what could be
done points out two areas for growth related to flour fortification
increasing political support for fortification and monitoring for
quality and compliance, said Scott J. Montgomery, Director of
the Food Fortification Initiative (FFI). As we make progress in
each of these areas, more children will be born healthy. And, as
flour fortification usually includes iron, well greatly reduce the
risk of anemia from iron deficiency.
Folic acid is a form of vitamin B9 used in flour fortification.
Its color does not affect flours sensory properties, and the
nutrient content is stable when exposed to heat. Women who

54 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

have enough folic acid prior to conception and in the early days
of their pregnancy are less likely to have infants with neural tube
defects (NTDs) of the spine such as spina bifida. Infants born
with anencephaly, another NTD affecting the brain, die shortly
after birth.
Anemia is defined as low hemoglobin. It causes debilitating
fatigue, which reduces productivity. Anemia also keeps childrens
minds from developing fully which limits their future earning
potential. Anemia while women are pregnant creates multiple
risks for the mothers and the infants. Iron deficiency is the single
most common cause of anemia.

Increasing Political Support

Most countries in the Americas have fortified wheat flour with

iron for decades, and folic acid was added 20 years ago. Several
countries in the Middle East began fortifying flour in the late
1990s. Countries in Africa are adapting fortification, and maize
flour and rice are beginning to be fortified as well. But countries
in Europe and Asia are fortifying very little of their cereal grain
products. To make progress in those regions, policy makers will

need to be convinced of the value of fortification.

Fortification is a long-term process to improve nutrition. Some
of the health problems it addresses, such as anemia, are invisible.
As a result, it can be difficult to convince politicians to introduce
and support legislation for fortification. Governments also need to
provide the human and financial resources required for regulatory
Cost effectiveness is the message most likely to motivate policy
makers, according to an advocacy working group formed in
2015 in response to a Global Summit on Food Fortification. The
working group included representatives from FFI, the Global
Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), the International
Federation for Spina Bifida, the Iodine Global Network, and the
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
For governments, fortification represents a significant savings
in healthcare dollars. This is particularly true with spina bifida.

In the United States, fortifying wheat flour, maize flour, and rice
with folic acid has reduced the number of live-born infants with
spina bifida by at least 614 annually.
Infants born with spina bifida will undergo a lifetime of
surgeries and face many health issues. Consequently preventing
spina bifida by fortifying grains in the US represents a net savings
of US$ 603 million annually.

When anemia is prevented, people are more productive
and children are more successful in school. One study found that
fortification yields $84 for every dollar spent on reducing iron
deficiency anemia prevalence.
We recognise that millers usually the buy premix for
fortification, while the government or insurance program enjoys
the savings from averted healthcare expenditures, Montgomery
noted. We always encourage governments to exempt premix
from import taxes to give millers a little financial relief. We also

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Milling and Grain - September 2016
| 55

encourage countries to make fortification mandatory to make the
costs equitable among millers.

Monitoring for Quality and Compliance

Millers are most likely familiar with the internal monitoring

process for fortification. It begins with ordering quality premix
and ensuring that the Certificate of Analysis matches what
was ordered. Regularly checking the flow of premix from
the feeder and conducting the iron spot test are other steps in
internal monitoring. But millers may not be as familiar with the
governments role, which is often called regulatory monitoring.
At FFI, we like to provide monitoring training for millers
and government leaders simultaneously, Montgomery said.
Effective monitoring is a partnership of the public and private
sectors. They need to know and respect each others roles.
FFI recommends that government monitoring at flour-mills
be done by the same staff who inspect production facilities for
food safety. This prevents multiple trips to the mill by different
government staff. Inspectors may want to see premix orders to be
sure a consistent supply is being used.
They may inquire about and observe the mills quality assurance
and quality control processes and gather documents for auditing.
They may also conduct an iron spot test or collect composite
samples to send to a laboratory for further analysis.
In addition, the governments role may include import and
commercial monitoring. Import monitoring is done at border
control sites. It also involves ensuring that paperwork is in order
and periodically sampling products to be sure they comply
with the country standard. Commercial monitoring is when
government inspectors go to retail outlets. An inspector visits
shops, talks with the proprietors about the source of the flour or


Pre - Cleaner


rice they sell, and reviews the labels. Commercial monitoring

may also involve periodic laboratory sampling of the product.
Globally, regulatory monitoring for food fortification programs
suffers from a lack of resources. Monitoring requires human
resources for inspectors, who often have a broad range of
responsibilities beyond food safety. In some countries the same
inspectors responsible for enforcing food fortification may also
be responsible for water quality, pollution, restaurant hygiene,
and human health and quarantine. Beyond inspectors, any lab
analyses requires either lab capacity or additional expenses to
outsource analyses.
Another challenge can be unclear roles and responsibilities
between government agencies. With limited time and funds, it is
essential that responsibilities are clear so they do not duplicate
each others work. In addition, monitoring fortification is often
not a priority when compared to risks of food-borne diseases.
People will not get sick if food is not fortified, although
unfortified foods do put consumers at greater risk for long-term
health conditions.
FFI recommends that countries establish a monitoring program
that outlines the responsibilities of each group involved. This
clarifies expectations and makes it easier to follow the system.
Monitoring results can also be shared in an open and transparent
system with other government agencies or consumers.
Ideally monitoring is a win-win situation, Montgomery
said. All millers know what is expected and can easily meet the
countrys standard. The government incorporates fortification
monitoring into its existing food control system without requiring
additional staff, and most importantly, the population benefits
from better nutrition in foods they already enjoy.

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For More Details Contact:

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56 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Follow us on

TEL: +91-80-28016666+91-80-27831128
Email: marketing@milltecmachinery.com
W e b s i t e : w w w. m i l l t e c m a c h i n e r y. c o m
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Our most important ingredient

is the dialogue with our customers.
How do you become the world market leader in
flour improvement and enrichment? With almost
90 years of intensive application research and the
constant search for innovative solutions, certainly.
But ultimately it is the constant dialogue with our
over 1000 mill customers around the world that
sets Mhlenchemie apart. Our flour experts gain
a first-hand understanding of your challenges,
and return to our labs and test bakeries to create
solutions that are a perfect fit. Thats what makes
the difference between satisfied and delighted
customers and thats what makes us successful.

Flour improvement
Flour standardization
Enzyme systems
Fortification with vitamins
and minerals
Flour analysis
Applications services
Metering equipment
for micro-ingredients

German Quality made by Mhlenchemie.

A member of the Stern-Wywiol Gruppe





Johannes Wick, CEO Grains & Food, Buhler Group

uhler and Bosch Connected Devices and Solutions, two

experts in the areas of the Internet of Things and food
process technology, are joining forces. The companies have
decided to expand their research and development partnership.
Contractual proceedings to form a commercial partnership were
completed on August 22, 2016 at the occasion of the Buhler
Networking Days.

The cooperation provides great opportunities to leverage

Bosch know-how in electronics, sensor technology
and software for the food processing industry. The
two companies successfully cooperated in a two-year
research project to integrate cutting-edge Bosch microelectro-mechanical systems sensors into food production
The results are very promising: Individual rolls in rotating
machines can now be equipped with wireless sensors to
measure in real time temperature and vibration during the
production process. This allows monitoring and optimization
of the end product through better alignment of the rolls.
Operators also benefit from predictive maintenance services,
reducing down-time and operating costs. First applications
from this intensified cooperation will be launched in 2017.
Following our successful R&D partnership, we are
pleased to take the next step to form a commercial
partnership. We are excited to utilise this partnership to
create process solutions and services that improve yield and
performance at reduced operating costs for our customers,
stated Johannes Wick, CEO Grains & Food at Buhler.
Thorsten Muller, CEO of Bosch Connected Devices
and Solutions says, We are not only optimizing our own
worldwide manufacturing base, we are also actively seeking
to work with partners like Buhler to build a value creation
network beyond company boundaries and turn Industry 4.0
into reality.
58 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

750 millers who provide food

to 4 billion people daily met in
Uzwil, Switzerland, to assess their
industry's future direction

Stefan Scheiber, CEO of the Buhler Group

ow to feed nine billion people healthily and

sustainabily? Buhler addressed this challenge, together
with key customers, scientists and partners at its first
Networking Days in late August in Uzwil, Switzerland.

We take the responsibility of the food and feed industry

for a sustainable world very seriously. It is time to step
up and make a difference, says Stefan Scheiber, CEO of
Buhler Group.
Around 65 percent of global water consumption and
25 percent of all energy use is related to food and feed
production. The world population is still growing and
more than 30 percent of all food is wasted.
Developed countries suffer from obesity while an
estimated 840 million people suffer hunger.
Feeding over nine billion by 2050 healthily and
sustainably poses a huge challenge for the agricultural
systems and the entire food industry.
Furthermore, even todays production of animal
protein is not sustainable. Only 40 percent of vegetable
proteins land on our plates, with the rest ending up in
the stomachs of livestock or as food waste. Despite all
efforts and political climate agreements, no turnaround to
a sustainable economic set-up and grain value chain has
been achieved so far.
Its time now that the private industry steps up and
makes a difference, says Mr Scheiber.
Buhler has made the commitment to address this
challenge globally, with its key customers and
partners at its newly established Buhler Networking
Days, where around 750 leaders from industry and
science are discussing megatrends that are shaping
the grain-processing industry: nutritional trends,
sustainability, food and feed safety, and the Internet
of Things (IoT).





by Ian Roberts, Chief
Technical Officer at Buhler
Group in Uzwil, Switzerland

an we feed nine billion people

sustainably in 2050 - that is the
question? If I look at the audience
we have here, it is hard to imagine a
better group of people to discuss this
In fact, we have been looking at
how many lives we touch across the
whole grain value chain together,
and I think its possible, that in this room, we touch the food for
four billion people a day with our products and services. This is
absolutely staggering.
It is a remarkable achievement but it comes with a burden.
Almost a quarter of the greenhouse gases emitted are associated
with agriculture. Almost 70 percent of the worlds water usage
is through agriculture. One-third of the worlds energy goes into
food production.
But, one-third of the food is lost or wasted: so one-third of
one-third of the worlds energy is utilised to produce waste. And
one-third of 70 percent of the worlds water is utilised to produce
We must solve a massive efficiency problem across the value
chain if we are to become sustainable.
Nine out of 10 of the worlds warmest years have been in this
century. So we are not on a good track. And that comes back to
this food waste problem. The FAO has identified food waste, if
it were a country, as the third biggest contributor to greenhouse
gases after the industrial power houses of China and the USA.

60 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain


At the same time as we waste food, over 800 million people go

to bed hungry and 159 million people are stunted.
Stunting relates to diet. It relates to the first 1000 days of life,
from conception to two-years-of-age. If you have inadequate
nutrition, your mental development is stunted, your physical
development is stunted and you have immune deficiencies.
And you do not recover; it is not reversible. There is nothing
you can do about it. You are condemned for life, from your first
1000 days.
On the other side is an unpleasant fact that 2.8 percent of global
GDP is spent treating deceases directly related to obesity, such as
the early onset of Type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease and all
of associated ailments.
At the same time as GDP grows we have increased demand for
protein, and an estimated protein gap by 2050 of 265 million tonnes.
This is a vast amount, when arable land is decreasing, soil
erosion is an issue and we have major inefficiencies in conversion
rates for protein from our livestock.
Currently, there are 50,000 deaths per year result from antibiotic
resistant bacterial infections - just in Europe and the USA. We
heard here today that this will be a bigger threat to the health of
mankind than cancer.
Evidence suggests that two-thirds of the antibiotics that are
produced worldwide go into animal feed, and these include
antibiotics such as the very common penicillin, which has been
identified as critical for human health and safety.
And the other part of this problem is that the antibiotic pipeline

is drying up. We only have had two new antibiotic species created
or discovered since the 1990s.
It is inevitiable that the human population will reach nine billion
somewhere around 2050, whether it will get to 11 billion is a
moot point, and it whether reaches this in 2045, 2050 or 2050 is
irrelevant. We have to prepare a food system that enables us to
feed nine billion people; and to do it sustainably.

Business responsibility

We cannot rely on politicians. We cannot rely only on academic

experts advising politicians, nor on the great forums such as the
Cop 21 which are very important. They are clearly not solving the
CO2 problem.
We have a business responsibility, and it is great one. GDP will
grow 40 percent between 2010-20, which means our markets will
grow. Over 24 percent of the world population is middle-class,
which means that people will continue to value processed food,
they will want new products. And this is good for business.
However, inequality has been growing since 1980. The gap of
what the top one percent owns when compared to the rest of the
population closed up to 1980 but it has now broadened and it gets
wider and wider. The 80 richest people on earth have the same
wealth as the three and a half billion poorest.
This drives frustration because in an age of social media, there
is nowhere to hide between the haves and the have-nots. The
wealth gap is visible at all times and news spreads like wildfire
with communications reaching all places. This does not only lead
to frustration, it leads to conflict and we have seen this first-hand
around the world in recent years.
We currently have 65 million people forcibly misplaced by war,
genuine refugees; the highest number since the Second World War.
We have to drive equitable growth and it has to be in the hands of
business to create employment and wealth. This is why we believe
that it is as an industry that we have to step up to the challenge. We
have to be clear that we are developing sustainable businesses by
leading for future generations.
This is not about ignoring profit, nor about ignoring business
success. A resilient value chain is one where people can create
wealth along that chain in the absence of subsidies and with a fair
price of resources.
And it is a business imperative.
Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 61


We believe that the four themes of our Networking Days
2016 are important if we are to bring impact as an industry:
To talk about nutrition; about food safety; about the impact on
sustainability and about the incredible opportunity we see in the
disruptive power of the internet of.

The alternatives

If we go back to the protein challenge, what are the alternatives

to meat?
Pulses are a fantastic sustainable option, not to replace meat, but
to close the gap. We could make vegetable protein steaks.
We all love meat, and everyone enjoys eating meat as it has a
wonderful flavour and is a great experience. It is important in our
lives. The experience of dining is critical for family and friendship.
Insects are a fantastically sustainable resource, they consume
organic waste turning it into protein and that protein is valuable
and can be used it for poultry, for aquafeed and for human food.
Legislation is coming.
Algae brings huge opportunity. This is one of the reasons why
we partner so closely with academic institutes.

Food safety

Reduce risk, cleaning efficiency, reducing the cost of cleaning.

If you think about it, a lot of time is lost when a line is not
producing because we are cleaning. What we should be able to do
is clean efficiently by design and by intention, to ensure we are
utilising lines to produce.
In the mid term we must develop technologies for non-thermal
kill steps that do not damage nutrition.
If we understand the role of bacteria we can be selective.
Instead of killing everything, we can just kill the pathogens, and
then reinforce the other bacteria that are beneficial.
There is clearly opportunity in this space,

Can we eliminate mycotoxins early in the value chain?

This would have a nutritional benefit, a food security benefit

and clearly stop us from processing things that we are going to
throw away.

The digital age

The big opportunity comes from the digital age, if you look
at all of these amazing companies that we have seen disrupting
industries in the last few years such as Uber, which now
transports more people on earth than anyone else but without
owning a car. What this and other companies have done is they
have used the digital age to utterly disrupt a value chain.
What is the opportunity we have if we work together to disrupt
the food value chain to bring about greater efficiencies?

I think it is very important that we look at the low-cost sensors

now available on a massive scale, at data storage that has gone
down in price, at cloud solutions with massive connectivity and at
todays massive processing power.
We are beginning to bring solutions into the space, be it smart
sensors in rotating parts like rolls, be it in the form of product
quality controls such as particle size distribution or be it remote
access or a complete digital interface which allows customers to
work in the digital world effectively and efficiently.
I have three nice examples in the areas of industrial internet;
Drones, 3D printing and robots.
What is the beauty of drones? You can fly these inside machinery
and you can inspect things in places you would never want to send
a person. They can do crop analytics using hydrospectral cameras
to give us an understanding of what is happening at harvest, if there
are diseases to deal with for example.
Imagine what 3D printing could do? They can print alternative
layers of both plastic and metal. This means you can print
electrical connectivity. You can print functionality into parts that
you couldnt traditionally.
This last one is from the robot world. It is an arm with seven
axis of freedom. It doesnt need a safety cage, it works next to
you. If you want to program it you move its wrist and arm, you
make him do the job by moving it through all of the pieces,
directions and motions. This instructive motion becomes the
programme and no programmer is required.


These opportunities are enormous. As a result we transformed

our innovation model to a collaborative model, working with
customers and suppliers for innovation.
What an incredible forum we have here to innovate and cocreate. We have fantastic global academic networks, business
model innovation think tank at HSG, innovation think tanks,
World Systems Centre at ETHZ, , integrated nutrition food
centre at EPFL, Unitech working with 10 universities across
Europe. We are also building this up in China and in India and
working with our employees, the start-up world, and brilliant
young people - 65 percent of whom are going to do jobs that we
dont even know exist today.
So if you ask me if we can feed nine billion people sustainably
by 2050, the answer is an unequivocal, Yes! Of course we can.
We cannot do it without a highly-efficient grain value chain and
I cannot tell you what that grain value chain looks like. That is the
challenge we face. It is clear we will have new technologies, it is
clear we need new business models to drive disruption, it is clear that
we need transparency across the value chain and it is certain that we
will need a massive degree of collaboration to make it happen.

Real-Time Protein, Oil and Moisture analysis using the CropScan 3000H
On Combine Analyser and the CropScan 3000S In Line Analyser
CropScan 3000H
Real Time Protein Maps
Bin by bin Protein, Oil
and Moisture data
Cloud based data

CropScan 3000S
Continuous Protein, Oil
and Moisture
Fitted to auger, conveyer
belt or pipe
Wireless Comms to PC

Visit our web site www.nextinstruments.net or email us at sales@nextinstruments.net

62 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain


July 2015 | 63






In terms of flexibility, the new TUBO conveyor system sets

new standards in plant engineering and was specifically
designed for use in the food industry with its high
requirements in terms of hygiene.
This uniquely versatile machine, which operates on a push
rather than a pulling process, attracted much attention at the
recent Buhler Networking Days in Uzwil and in fact, won
the events most innovative prize with over 20 percent of the
attendees voting in favour.
In comparison to conventional conveying systems, energy
consumption can be considerably reduced and the bulk material
can be conveyed far more gently.
In order to achieve consistently high product quality and
efficient production processes for the processing of bulk
materials such as grain, rice, break-stock, bran and flour,
the products must be conveyed in the production plant as
rapidly as possible, but at the same time also gently and

Bhlers TUBO is an innovative conveying system that sets

new standards for the conveying of bulk materials, says the
company. In contrast to todays systems, the bulk material is
conveyed, without the need of a pulling-cord, in a closed pipe
using TUBIT pusher elements.
Thanks to three-dimensional plant layouts, plant engineering
is considerably more flexible.
Furthermore, additional advantages with respect to sanitation,
energy efficiency and gentle conveying ensure sustainable
investment pay-off in a very short time.
More creative freedom in bulk materials conveying:
Flexible plant engineering - minimum space requirements
through three-dimensional conveying
Highest sanitation standards - residue-free product
conveying without cross-contamination and segregation
Highest energy efficiency - minimal friction and fewer
transfer points required
Gentle conveying - fewer broken kernels and higher yield

Tubo won the

award for most
innovation and
the team that
designed it
celebrates with
CTO Ian Roberts

Dr Eliana
stands next to
the Tubit units
from the Tubo
which help to
push product
along the

64 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Digital Microwave Moisture Measurement

Improve Quality - Reduce Waste - Cost Effective

A simple and cost effective way to accurately control moisture and to improve the quality
of your nal product is to mount a Hydro-Mix moisture sensor into our new ducting system.
Specically designed for grain, rice and pulses and easy to install into
existing ducting, our system diverts a portion of the main ow of
material across the sensor head providing the most
accurate, real time moisture measurement



Milling and Grain half page horizontal 190 x 132 plus 3mm bleed.indd 1

Milling and Grain - September 2016
| 6510:11:18

Advanced Feature Dryer

The Complexity
of Balancing
Sanitary Drying
and Efficiency



Based on PesaMill technology, the CombiMill process

allows whole-wheat flour for flatbreads, dark and
standard flours to be produced using the same milling
Flatbreads are an important staple food in India,
Arab countries and many African nations. The flour
used for flatbreads has specific properties, such as high
water absorption. Indian Atta flour, for example, is
traditionally made on stone mills. However, these mills
consume vast amounts of energy and require frequent
In addition, they are not suitable for hygienic processing
because abrasion of the stones and binding agents may
potentially contaminate the product. For these reasons,
Bhler developed PesaMill.
This high-compression mill grinds grain using a highpressure shearing action, which generates relatively high
temperatures. Compared with the stone mill, it has higher
yields, improved food safety standards, requires less
maintenance, and consumes significantly less energy.

Has Now Been

The Quick Clean Advanced Feature Dryer
from Extru-Tech, Inc., with industry-leading
fines handling, ease-of-cleaning access
and other key engineered sanitation
features, has elevated food safety to the
next level. Put your process in compliance
and well ahead of industry standards.


Contact a dryer specialist today at

785-284-2153 or visit us online at

P.O. Box 8
100 Airport Road
Sabetha, KS 66534, USA
Phone: 785-284-2153
Fax: 785-284-3143

ET-280A.indd 1 66

| September 2016 - Milling and Grain

1/7/16 2:11 PM

Now, Bhler has successfully combined the PesaMill

with traditional roller mill technology in a single milling
system. The result is the CombiMill, which offers a high
level of flexibility.
In addition to the whole-wheat flour typically chosen
for flatbreads, it is also ideal for the manufacture of other
products, such as various types of dark and standard
This means that milling companies will now be able
to successfully set themselves apart in the market by
producing different kinds of end products with a single
milling system.
The first CombiMill machines are already up and
running in the Middle East, North Africa and the Indian
See more from the Solutions Space at Networking Days on page 90


Dryer tips for a more

financially beneficial

by Brandon Schade, Dryer specialist from Chief-Agri

rain drying is an essential part of the

grain management process that needs
to be considered pre and post-harvest.
Due to the steady drop in corn prices
over the last few years, many farmers
and handlers have held onto their grain
in hopes to find a better profit in the
future. Maintaining
the moisture and
the temperature of your grain as it is stored
can heavily impact the length of time it can
be stored; as well as its overall condition.

Continuous mixed flow grain

dryers for optimal drying
For maintaining the optimum
quality of your stored grain,
Chief Agri offers innovative
and dependable grain dryers for
farm and commercial use. To
make sure you have the drying
system that is right for your
operation, Chief will carefully
assess your operation and find
the energy efficient solution
thats right for you.
Chief currently manufactures
two main types of grain
dryers, these are Chief

68 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Commercial Dryers and Caldwell Dryers; with both
systems relying on continuous mix flow technology to
maintain optimum quality of stored grain and efficient
dependable service.
Continuous Mixed-Flow Dryers are used for
drying commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans,
and rice, with a reputation for durability, energy
efficiency, dependable performance and advanced

Caldwell Dryers

Rather than the conventional screen drying method, in

the Caldwell dryers grain is gravitationally separated
and continually mixed as it cascades and gently
tumbles around honeycombed ducts. The larger
holding capacity results in grain being heated at a
slower rate which reduces the likelihood of grain
cracking due to stress. The longer exposure of the
heated air to the grain results in air exhausting with
a higher moisture saturation. This system also offers
greater energy efficiency
Caldwell Mixed-Flow Dryers provide 40-45 CFM
(67.9 - 76.4 m3/h) of air per bushel compared to
80-100 CFM (135.9 - 169.9 m3/h) of air per bushel
with conventional cross-ow dryers.

Fan-under Mixed-Flow dryers

The fan under Continuous Mixed-Flow Dryers offer

capacities of 1,150 - 7,000 BPH (34.5 mtph - 210.2
mtph) using five point moisture removal dry and
cool. The fuel efficient Maxon Burners can either be
fueled by propane or natural gas. Single burner, gas
train and ignition are standard on all models.

Why Cubes?

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AMANDUS KAHL GmbH & Co. KG Dieselstrasse 5-9 D-21465 Reinbek / Hamburg Phone: +49 40 72771-0
info@akahl.de www.akahl.de

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 69


Chief Agri/Industrial originated in 1961 and has grown to offer a full line of grain
and commodity storage, aeration and material handling products throughout
the world.
The success of our company is directly due to the strong relationships we have
created with our customers. Listening to their needs has led to innovative
products that help producers minimize storage costs, protect the quality
of their product, and maximize the selling price of their commodities. Our
comprehensive product offering includes: grain storage, grain handling,
Caldwell grain conditioning, and dryers.


Since Chief is in the business of manufacturing two quality grain dryers they have come up with the following Top 5 Dryer Tips
for Harvest.

1: Proper cleaning/housekeeping

Its imperative that your dryer is cleaned inside and out. Make sure all grain columns and air ducts are clear from last seasons
foreign material that may have collected during the emptying process. Also, the discharge system must be clear of foreign
material and rotating freely. If you have a Maxon line burner, it will need to be cleaned out and check that the burner holes are

2: Enough fuel

Ensure that there is an ample fuel supply prior to harvest season, especially if running off liquid propane. Pressurise your fuel
train on the dryer and check for leaks.

3: Test all electrical components

Make sure all fill switches, temp sensors, starters, relays, modulating valves etc are working properly to avoid a delay in
operation during drying season.

4: Start it up before you need it

Prior to harvest, start your dryer to make sure it is runs properly. Look for proper flame color and pattern, and if fans and all
moving parts are functioning correctly.

5: Ensure all safety features are working properly

There are a few safety features that you will want to check before your harvest operations are in full swing. Purging at start up,
high temp limit switches, chain break sensors, and air prove switch are the main features you will need to check regularly.

By following all of the steps above, teamed with Chiefs exceptional standards of design and engineering, you will ensure that
your grain is stored safely and cost effectively in the months and even years following this years harvest season.

70 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Storage News


Solid start to new season exports at Great Yarmouth

After loading the landmark one-millionth tonne of grain last campaign, the Gleadell Terminal in the outer harbour at Great Yarmouth
has made a solid start to the new harvest with 35,000 tonnes of farmers grain already loaded and shipped across Europe.
This has helped local growers reach overseas market and the momentum is continuing, with Gleadell this week loading 27,500 tonnes
of feed wheat on the MV Miedwie, destined for Spain.
France in particular, but also other EU countries, has suffered from poor yields this season as cool, wet weather has impacted on
yields and undermined quality. Whilst the UK has seen wheat yields fall back to the five-year average, the quality so far is good and
this should provide export opportunities this campaign.
UK farmers planted 34 percent of the wheat area with Group 1 and Group 2 varieties this season, producing a surplus of quality
wheat, which could go to market outlets opened up by the disastrous harvest in France. For example, France traditionally sells a
significant volume of different milling grades to North Africa, but this year buyers will be forced to look at alternative origins, one of
which will be the UK.
Paul Dowson, Gleadells East Anglian wheat trader said: We are seeing overseas interest and are hopeful that the port will enjoy
another busy season loading all grades of grains and oilseeds, providing marketing opportunities for local farmers.






T: +1 270-830-8512

72 | September

E: sales@allstatetower.com

2016 - Milling and Grain

01/08/2016 09:49


Storage project


The issue of postharvest loss of grain in

sub-Saharan Africa is extremely significant,
both environmentally, economically, and
in terms of the welfare of the farmers who
grow it. Si-Low is a product designed to
counteract this by providing an affordable
way for smallholder farmers in the region to
effectively store their crops for long periods
of time. Si-Low aims to provide hermetic
storage of grain for farmers close to the
poverty line who currently cannot afford it.

Anthony Brown, Creator of Si-Low talks to Milling and Grain

I designed Si-Low for the RSA (Royal Society for the

encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce) Student
Design Awards, an international design competition aiming to
promote design for social change. I was fortunate enough to win
the award, entitled Waste not, want not, which tasked entrants
with designing a way to reduce food waste.
As a result of winning this award and the fantastic feedback
and recognition that I gained from it, I am starting to turn SiLow from a design into an actual product and launching it in
sub-Saharan Africa. In this article I will explain the problem the
farmers are facing, how my design aims to solve this problem,
and what the future holds for the project.

Preventing postharvest loss in Sub-Saharan Africa

Postharvest loss is a significant issue, particularly in the

developing world. It can occur due to a variety of reasons, and
at different stages after the harvesting of a crop has taken place.
These stages include during the processing, the storage and the
74 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

transporting of crops. The area I focussed on is the storage stage,

where large amounts of wastage occur due to spoiling caused by
improper storage conditions.
In sub-Saharan Africa, 37 percent of available food is lost in
handling and storage. Such wastage can usually be avoided using
techniques such as refrigeration and hermetic storage. However it
is techniques like this that are often not found in the developing
world because of their high cost. The developing world, and in
particular, Africa, represents a significant proportion of global
food production; Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounts for 23
percent of global food production.
The world relies on the crops grown in Africa and the rest of
the developing world, where a much larger proportion of the
population rely on farming to earn a living. It is therefore of vital
importance that such a key global food supply is as efficient as
possible, particularly in a world where a global food shortage is
becoming more significant with every year that passes. Cutting
postharvest losses in the developing world in the storage stage could
represent a substantial improvement in food supply levels, as well as
considerably improving the livelihoods and welfare of farmers.

Postharvest loss is very prevalent in grain production

Grain is a commodity, which is crucial to the economy of subSaharan Africa in particular, and the people that produce it. It is
very commonly grown in the region, with crops such as maize,
barley and wheat among the crops grown. Postharvest loss is
unfortunately very prevalent in the production of grain in the area.
For example, the percentage of maize crops lost to post-harvest
losses in Kenya and Tanzania reaches upwards of 25 percent.
In the developed world, the growing of grain is usually
undertaken on a large scale, often by large corporations and
businesses. As such, crops can be protected from postharvest
loss through investment in modern technologies. In sub-Saharan

The design uses HDPE plastic, rather than galvanised iron, because this allows for a mass production process called rotational moulding to be
used. Using rotational moulding means that producing large amounts of silos makes them far cheaper, whereas with one-off manufacturing the
cost is always the same no matter how many are made.

Africa, smallholder farmers very often grow grain, the farms

are small, and are usually owned by a single family. It is these
small plots of land which people in the rural parts of sub-Saharan
Africa depend on.
These people live off the land and are extremely vulnerable to
issues such as postharvest loss and famine. They live close to the
poverty line as a result, with very small amounts of short-term
capital available to them. What money they do have is spent on
school for their children, food, and other basics. It is because of
this that storage practices for harvested grain in the area are far
from ideal.

Farmers do not have the money to invest in improved storage

facilities, and so continue to use traditional methods that leave
grain vulnerable to spoilage caused by disease and pests. Grain
is either stored in poly-woven bags or in traditional wicker huts,
both of which are extremely vulnerable to pests, and do not
produce a sealed environment to isolate the grain.
To prevent losses farmers often sell all of their harvested grain
on local markets straight after harvest. This reduces waste but
represents a significant reduction in potential income because
the price of grain is far lower during harvest season, and so the
farmers are receiving far less for the crops that they grow.

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 75


If they were able to store their grain for longer they could sell
it at a much higher price and the income they receive from their
land would be far greater, a potentially huge change for large
families struggling to get by.

Farmers are often priced out of effective storage

The technology does exist that could provide effective storage

in the region. Metal silos and PICS (Purdue Improved Cowpea
Storage) hermetic bags are designed for and target sub-Saharan
Africa, however the farmers who need them the most are usually
priced out of purchasing them. Those that can afford them
often do not have a high enough level of trust or understanding
to invest their hard-earned money in such long-term, unknown
Many saw metal silos as a potential solution to this important
issue. These silos are designed to be handmade by local craftsmen
out of sheet metal, and are very simple to use. When set up
correctly they produce a hermetic seal which protects the grain
from spoilage. Local farmers were found to prefer metal silos
over PICS bags and similar products because of their durability.
They are effective at storing grain such as maize for up to three
years when used correctly, compared to the weeks that grain
currently lasts when stored traditionally. On paper they seem
like the ideal solution, however I found in my research that their
uptake is extremely low.
According to the Postharvest Loss Reduction Centre at the
University of Greenwich, in Kenya adoption is very limited, in
Tanzania adoption is still very low, and in Zimbabwe adoption
is very limited. The primary reason for the poor uptake is down
to cost; prices vary greatly due to variances in the size of silos
and the craftsmen who make them, but they usually cost upwards
of US$200.
Such prices represent a short-term investment that most
smallholder farmers in the region simply cannot afford or risk.
As a result the silos are not purchased, or indeed manufactured,
and the problem still exists. The reason for the high prices is
down to the way they are made. Hand-crafting one-off items is
always a costly endeavour, it was the reason behind the industrial
revolution, in which mass production drove down production
It was this discovery that sparked the initial idea for Si-Low.
If I could design a silo that could be mass manufactured and
still had the functional capabilities of the metal silo, then I could
potentially have a solution to a major problem. If farmers could
have an affordable way to effectively store their grain, then their
income could increase, crop wastage could be reduced and their
livelihoods could improve.

Developing a potential solution

It is from this research into the root cause of the issue that I was
able to develop a potential solution. I developed the design to
be as affordable as possible, whilst still performing the function
required of it by the farmers. The design uses HDPE plastic,
rather than galvanised iron, because this allows for a mass
production process called rotational moulding to be used.
Using rotational moulding means that producing large amounts of
silos makes them far cheaper, whereas with one-off manufacturing
the cost is always the same no matter how many are made. To
make the manufacturing cost as small as possible, I tasked myself
with designing the silo to have only one manufactured part. Doing
so would mean that only one mould needs to be purchased, cutting
costs considerably because mould tooling is the biggest contributor
to the cost of manufacturing plastic products.
76 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

This proved to be a challenging task because of the

restrictions of rotational moulding, as well as the need for the
silo to be stackable during transportation to cut distribution
costs. I managed to design a novel solution to achieve this,
and so production and distribution costs were cut significantly.
The inlet and outlet of the Si-Low are designed to be sealed
using bought-in bore caps which simply screw onto the main
unit. The use of bought-in parts in this instance allowed for
my aim of one manufactured part to be realised. As a result
of the extensive design development I undertook at the
University of Nottingham for this project, I had designed a
mass-produced alternative to the metal silo. The design work
I undertook means that manufacturing costs are kept as low as
possible, and the ability for the parts to stack vastly reduces
the cost of transporting the units across sub-Saharan Africa.
Stacking means that far more units can be packed into a
particular space, such as the back of a lorry, and so fewer trips
and fewer lorries are required.
Functionally, Si-Low is designed to perform the same way as
metal silos, producing a hermetic seal, which isolates the grain
from the external environment, and protecting it from disease
and pests. The unit holds around 500kg of maize, a capacity
chosen because a local expert in Tanzania informed me that on
average, local farmers store around five 100kg bags of grain at
a time.
I conservatively estimated Si-Low at costing below US$40
per unit, with US$20 per unit being entirely possible. This
represents a huge cost saving over the options that are
currently available to the farmers, thus providing them with
a way to store their grain for a price that they can actually

Award winning design

Having won the RSA Student Design Award for Si-Low, I

received funding from Finnish company Fazer, who sponsored
the award, to help take the design further and turn Si-Low
from a design into a finished product that could help the lives
of thousands. There is, however, a long way to go before SiLow can be used by the farmers of sub-Saharan Africa. More
investment is required, as well as an extensive process of further
development and testing of the design to ensure it functions
exactly as expected.
The real challenge now begins, being a 22-year-old design
graduate I lack the experience to launch a product in Africa,
and so I am seeking the expertise of others in order to develop
a plan of how Si-Low can come to life. A plan is needed on
how to approach the task of producing and distributing the
One approach may be to use industrial backing in order to
obtain the necessary funding, infrastructure and contacts needed
to launch Si-Low. Many organisations look to fund projects such
as this in order to facilitate positive social change and provide an
image boost for their company.
Working with a charity could also be beneficial, as they would
have the local knowledge and distribution networks required. My
aim is not to make money but to get the product off the ground
and to those who need it, using a charity could allow this to
The issue of postharvest loss of grain in sub-Saharan Africa is
real, and it affects the lives thousands of families. It is my hope
that this design could in some way help solve a problem that,
with modern scientific knowledge and advances, is so avoidable.

Industry profile


Meeting at
Molino (from
left) Professor Dr
Hikmet Boyacioglu,
International Editor
of Milling and Grain
magazine, Abdullah
Ghandoura, sales
executive of Molino,
Osman Alaykiran,
general manager of
Molino and Ahmet
Yalcinkaya, Molinos

Staff and service at the heart of success

by Tom Blacker, Milling and Grain

s we know, Turkey is a developing

country. What we might not know is
that it accounts for over 20 percent
of worlds flour trade in exports.
Now supported by Konya Borsa, a
new local market trading board, it
is well positioned to accelerate both
the means and ease of the countys
business operations for all customers,
both domestic and international.
As a major manufacturer and supplier working within the Turkish
milling industry and meeting the needs of customers around
the world, Molino is one of Turkeys major drivers in milling
Molino was formed in 1964 by industry stalwart Dr Omer Lutfi
Alaybeyi, the son of Salim Alaybeyi who had established an original
company in the 1950s which focused on wheat merchandising and
bakery activities. After graduating from university in France in 1953,
Dr Omer turned his attention to the production of milling machines
and their ancillary equipment manufacture.
Today, the company has over 54,000 square meters of open factory
area and a massive 30,000 square meters under cover.
Our company successfully executes all steps from research
and development to the establishment of turn-key factories.
We are a leading company in our sector and we operated with
professionally throughout and follow-up with dedicated after
sales service, says todays Vice President Salim Alaybeyi, the
son of Dr Omer Lutfi.
Molino supplies all the equipment a miller needs to operate flour
and semolina mills, grain silos, seed cleaning units, pulse sieving
and packing plants, pneumatic and mechanic conveying systems, etc.
Our company defines its basic principles in all activities as low
cost and high quality flour production, he says.
Customers come from a range of countries besides Turkey; from
France to Syria, Morocco to Eygpt, from the Dominican Republic
to India, especially Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Russia, Ukraine, UAE,
Germany, Greece and Yemen.
In April this year, Professor Dr Hikmet Boyacioglu MAGs Turkish
editor and I met with Salim Alaybeyi, Ahmet Yalcinkaya and
Abdullah Ghandoura at the Molino headquarters in Konya, Turkey.
This was my first visit for three years and it was great to return and
discover what has changed.
78 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

The importance of quality staff

Staff are extremely important to Molino and our operations, says

Salim Alaybeyi.
With over 250 staff, Molino has the flexibility to operate around
customer needs.
Our staff are innovative and lead the way for technological solutions
that are taken up around the world, all from the heart of Anatolia, he
International guests would have seen the prestige and heritage of this
companys traditional culture from the Konya region of Turkey when
visiting its exhibition booth at IDMA 2015 in Istanbul, Turkey, there
were local dance troupes and an Anatolian theme to their castle-like
exhibition stand and where ai (tea) was provided to all.
In our conversation, Ahmet and Abdullah described how they had both
recently returned from three months of business visits in Eastern Africa.
This had been an inspiring time and very positive for their machinery
and services across many countries and industries.
They are the people who believe and display the way that Molino
pride themselves on co-operating closely with customers. Customers
expectations are surpassed because they provide so much more than just
their machinery.
From Molinos research and development, to its wide know-how
and advice all goes hand-in-hand with its success and all round care.
The company is able to provide a general yet wide range of individual
consultancy services. Whether it is on matters of access to finance,
maintenance and upkeep of the mill or turnkey project, market
knowledge or education and access.
Whether it be logistics or project management, Molino focuses on
providing a service to its customers from start to finish. For example,
its staff speak many of the worlds major languages. In fact, their first
machinery sale was to France in 1981 by their founder, Dr Omer Lutfi
As reported by this magazine in a 2013, Dr Omer is an innovator. He
was able to combine his vision with business. Serving the flour milling
industry has now grown to incorporate serving other milling industry
needs such as silos, seed cleaning, pulse sieving, packaging, pneumatic
and mechanical conveying.
With a 30,000m space of factory floor in Turkey, and ISO9001 and
ISO14001 quality management systems, Molino is a supplier that is of
recognised international standing. A new website (www.molino.com.tr),
set out to provide a user-friendly experience whilst keeping the values
and unique position of Molino clearly identified.

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Improving raw material

quality for millers
When China discovered that they were
losing a significant amount of harvested
crop through poor storage, it was decided
that something at a national level had to be
done about it; thats what is happening there

by Roger Gilbert for Milling and Grain

nlike many developed countries,
where quality deterioration of crops
can see three to five percent of stored
materials become unusable, the figure
in China can be as high as 15 percent.
Government recognition of the
problem has resulted in support for
farmers, starting from immediate
post-harvesting, to ensure drying is

carried out successfully.

One milling industry player has stepped forward to provide the
equipment necessary for such a change in handling methods, and
that company is Satake.
In China a lot of rice is damaged in storage due to humidity and
this is particularly an issue on farms where farmers do not have the
machinery to dry, says Satake Manufacturing (Suzhou) Co Ltd
General Manager Nagafuchi Eiichiro.
Many are still using radiant heat from the sun, which is
extremely primitive, to do the job and this leads to a lot of waste.
Chinas agricultural department is now convinced that farmers
should be using machinery to dry their crops.While we are still
concentrating on our flour milling and colour sorting business, we
want to diversity, so we are also entering the agricultural industries
so-called pre-harvest area in rice and other crop drying.
With equipment now to hand its just a matter of farmers receiving
the governmental subsidy in order for the sales to be made, he added.

Think Satake think sorter

When you think Satake you think colour sorters and as an

industry leader, it was very much appreciated when they invited
Milling and Grain to visit the companys Suzhou factory to tour its
facilities late last year.
General Manager Nagafuchi Eiichiro, Tanak Toshiyuki and their
team of specialists, which included our guide for the afternoon,
hosted us.
Satake established its manufacturing operation in China in 1997
80 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Colour sorters of all shapes and

descriptions are completed on the
production line at Satakes factory in
Suzhou, China

and started production a year later in 1998. 2017 will mark its
first 20 years in the country at its location on Jinfeng Road in the
new district of Suzhou City in Jiangsu Province is in excellent
condition. Today, it employs 260 people including five Japanese
nationals at the factory.
Satake System Manufacturing (Suzhou) Co Lt started out
manufacturing rice-milling equipment, which accounted for 7080 percent of production, to meet early demand for this type of
machinery in the country 20 years ago.
However, the introduction of colour sorting in recent years has
seen a significant switch to providing the grain and rice milling
sectors throughout China and the Asian region, with what has
become an essential piece of milling equipment; with sales in 2015
achieving a turnover of 290 million RMB with a profit margin in
the region of 20 million RMB.
For a foreign company working in China, turnover is not the only
guide to success. The exchange rate has an ever-present impact on
profitability and the appreciating Yuan - which has improved from
8Yuan:US$1 some 10 years ago to 6.25Yuan:US$1 today - means that
its increasingly more difficult to do business within and from China.
This is an overall appreciation of the Yuan of between 30-40
percent and that has had an important effect on exports to other
Asian countries, says Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro.
We export about 50 percent of our production from Suzhou to
other Asian countries, namely India, Thailand, Vietnam, etc. We
are affected by the RMB appreciation very much.
However, this has not overshadowed the complete success of
Satakes strategy of building a production hub in China to meet the
demand from its local and international marketing departments.
Our research and development is carried out in Japan and that
brings to us the technology which we then manufacture for the
market commercially and economically, adds Mr Nagafuchi
Eiichiro. Orders for overseas markets come via the companys
Japanese head office.
Ten years ago, China had a competitive advantage - but thats
no longer the case, stated Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro, who also added
that, Today, Government regulation is very strict particularly on
environmental requirements which can effect such things as our
painting lines through smell, noise and chemical materials we use.
Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro recognises that there are a number of
competitors in the market providing this type of equipment, with
many of the smaller competitors located in Wuhan and Ampire
provinces, but the main competitors in this high technology sector


The range of grains and cereals

plus other products that can be
successfully sorted is ever increasing
Yimin Tang, Satake System Manufacturings optical sorting
development, with Zhao Bin demonstrating the sorting
capabilities of the Satake machines in the demonstration facility

in China are AMD and Meyers colour sorters.

We calculate that there are over 40 different major colour sorter
manufacturers operating in China today, says Mr Nagafuchi
Eiichiro, who added that, Many of these companies started out
imitating our machinery, but they are now getting stronger. This is
why we target the top companies in each of the sectors we supply.
However, we continue to support colour machines which provide
higher performance and lower prices to compete with these lowcost, mass producers in China.
Other foreign equipment manufacturers have also formed

subsidies in China to exploit the market with low-end colour

sorters. According to research carried out by the company, shorter
grain rice is grown in the north of the country alongside Japanesestyle production and where the farms are relatively very big.
As a result we have concentrated on the markets in the north,
says Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro,Southern rice is longer and farms
are smaller and that is what we are tying to modify/customize our
machines to their process, adding that, Many of our customers are
located in the northern areas of the country where our equipment the
most suited.

2016 - 2018


VIV MEA 2018










*May 23: invitation only

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 81



Laboratory equipment for

testing rice samples supplied
by customers in its laboratory
facility on the factory site

Zhao Bin keeps an eye

on the sorting process in
the testing facility






4-6 NOVEMBER 2016




For more information contact:

Ms. Sally Cheng sally@cicfo.com Tel: +86 21 6113 2786
82 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Factory tour and testing

Mr Yimin Tang, Satake System Manufacturings optical

sorting development manager - for products other than rice was kind enough to show us around the companys laboratory
and its testing and research facilities on the Jinfeng Road site
in Suzhou.
According to Mr Yimin Tang, These machines are capable
of processing rice, wheat, corn and cereals such as millets, etc;
there are special machines for coffee beans and for finished
However, he also stated that, The more difficult to process
products are nuts, peanuts and frozen blueberries; all products
that have a high retail value. After these products are sorted
they can achieve a higher price in the marketplace making the
return on investment in this equipment higher than you can
achieve from the standard machines.
Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro, agreed with this statement by
suggesting that, Colour sorters are more profitable when
processing higher-valued products, he then went on to say
that, while 100 percent of all Japanese rice is colour sorted
prior to processing, China is also experiencing a revolution
in rice quality with has shown marked improvements as the
country has become richer.
But according to Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro, The Japanese are
concerned about the quality and taste of rice and any small,
broken rice is of concern to the Japanese consumer. Thats not
the case here in China, but things are changing rapidly.
Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro then stated that in his opinion,
appearance is everything, and that, Traditionally speaking,
we need to polish and polish rice to enhance the appearance
but that doesnt mean its more healthy. Thats why we have
develop the GABA rice process.
In the south west of China consumers prefer the long-grain
rice, according to Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro, while the majority
of Chinese eat short-grain rice. As a result machine set-ups
are different. Smaller capacity machines, such as the ones we
were shown in the demonstration area process coffee and other

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An auspicious natural
sculpture. This rock
form is displayed to
welcome visitors to
the Satake factory in

General Manage Nagafuchi Eiichiro (right) with Yimin Tang, Satakes

optical sorting development manager - for products other than rice were kind enough to host Milling and Grain during our visit

high-valued products and were also popular among university


Hands across the oceans

The most recent milling liaison involving Satake of Japan, and

the one that has gained most headlines, is the working agreement
signed between it and Alapala of Turkey, which aims to see more
Satake equipment sold into that country, and through Alapalas
global network.
However, sales of Alapala equipment, via Satake, into China are
also a possibility, stated Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro, General Manager
of Satake Systems Engineering (Suzhou) Co Ltd of China. Satake
will be providing flour-milling equipment to the Turkish industry
through its new arrangement with Alapala, and it may well that
the we also import Alapala equipment into China for the industry
here, he added.
However, this is not the only arrangement Satake has agreed
over the past year or so that involves the milling sector. Satake
Corporation, Hiroshima, Japan purchased 100 percent of renowned
silo and bulk handling supplier Dennys Silo and Engineering of
Allora, Queensland with the deal finalised at a signing ceremony in
Bangkok, Thailand in mid-June, 2015.
84 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain


At the beginning of 2012 Satake launched
rinse-free GABA rice. GABA stands for an
amino acid, gamma amino butyric
acid. That may be an amino acid
unfamiliar to most of us but it carries
many health claims with a key one
being the lowering of anxiety in the
consumer. This specially-processed rice
increases the amount of gamma aminobutryic acid from brown
rice, producing a softer grain.
GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) is a functional component
found in high quantities in germinated brown rice. The
germination process adds a variety of nutrients through the
activation of dormant enzymes, while also softening the bran
layer. The rice kernel is germinated until the flavour and
nutritional benefits are maximised; with GABA rice is an easy
way to introduce this important amino acid into a daily diet.
Satakes long experience with rice processing technology
enabled it to develop the Rinse-Free GABA Rice production
process in 2009 and introduce Rinse-Free GABA Rice to the
Once milled this rice contains 13mg of GABA per 100g of
rice, there is also 10 times more GABA in the sprouted brown
rice than found in traditional white rice, and three times more
GABA than in regular brown rice. Rinse-Free GABA Rice also
has the same taste and texture as milled rice.
Growing consumer demand in Japan encouraged Satake
to began selling its Rinse-Free GABA Rice through the
Omusubino-GABA store and then making it available through
its website. The consumer product comes in two package sizes 1kg and 5kg packs. Annual sales target in the first year was 7000
We sold two GABA processing plants in 2015 and we expect
more this year. Consumers are increasingly concerned about
health and food security, stated Mr Nagafuchi Eiichiro,Today
we are producing five million tonnes of GABA rice annually.

The acquisition of Dennys provides a multi-faceted benefit to

both organisations - it gives Dennys access to a new global and
expanded domestic sales network with particular focus on South
East Asia and the Pacific Region, providing the perfect growth
platform for Dennys to take advantage of opportunities in the
much-touted Asian Century.
The deal provides Satake access to world-class bulk handling and
storage equipment, further enhancing their capabilities as the leading
Asian supplier of rice and grain handling solutions in the world.
The purchase of Dennys by Satake looks to be incredibly
beneficial for both parties as Dennys will continue to operate
normally with a strong focus from both sides that the nature of the
existing business is to be preserved. Retaining the elements that
made Dennys a successful business over several generations. All
staff were retained in the change of ownership process, with Mr
Denny continuing in the business as Head of Sales and Special
Advisor to Satake.
Satake Australia will enhance their sales portfolio through their
existing network of sales staff and agents, with existing presence
in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and New
Zealand. International sales will be coordinated through Thailand
and Japan.

The other side of the story
In all intellectual debates, both sides tend to be correct in what they affirm, and wrong in
what they deny.
-John Stuart Mill

By Pedro H Dejneka,
AGR Brasil, AgResource

With vast
speculation taking
over the commodities
sector since early
March giving
way to historical
vertical-like price
moves, there has
been a race to
try and matchup
reasons to justify the

As enlightened as such statement by what Stanford University calls the most influential
English speaking philosopher of the 19th century is, one could easily make an argument that
when it comes to commodity market analysis the statement seems to be as useful as a bicycle to a
In the world of commodity analysis, there seems to be a constant attempt to prove the
unprovable on the part of the trade.
With vast speculation taking over the commodities sector since early March giving way to
historical vertical-like price moves, there has been a race to try and matchup fundamental
reasons to justify the rally. It seems as though even the best and brightest get caught in this game
of cat and mouse. Significant changes to South American soybean crop totals as well as intense
early year demand by the Chinese and now, more than ever, speculation over the potential for
drought-like weather conditions for the U.S. crop, have indeed provided some much-needed fuel to
the soybean market in Chicago.
These conditions have given way to heavy speculation about U.S. and South American balance
sheets, which has been exacerbated by the lack of significant data-points between late March and
early July, creating a true free-for-all in balance sheet estimates.
The dominant feature of this past month in many insider comments and analysis has been the
extrapolation of Chinese demand pace and of cuts to South American production with 15/16 and
16/17 U.S. soybean balance sheets. Two things are very interesting to note:
1: The trade seems ready to simply assume that U.S. yields will be, at best, trend. Many
analyses we have come across recently show yield scenarios going only down from 4646.5 bpa. Such is the power of the El Nio to La Nia effect in peoples psyches. Yes, the
weather has been drier than normal and hotter to much hotter than normal in parts of the U.S.
Midwest, however, it is indeed only June and crop conditions in soybeans are at the highest
level ever for this time of the year.
2: The use of constant demand figures under different yield and total production scenarios. This
one is astounding as it completely throws out the basics of supply x demand law, assuming
demand for U.S. soybeans as completely inelastic.
Well we beg to differ and as you can see by the attached table, doing our best to try to show
both sides of the story.
Note that only yields nearly 10 percent below trend would seem sufficient to take soybean endingstocks in the United States near or below the 200 million bushel and 5 percent stock-to-use mark.
Such levels would still be around 2x the level of ending stocks in 2014/15, when soybean prices
peaked near $10.60. Yields near or above trend, even with unchanged soybean planted area,
would take stocks to much more comfortable and near historic levels of 400-500 million bushels
(translation: 400+ million bushel stocks do not inspire the need for rationing of supply through
higher prices).
But you are using demand numbers that are too low given the cut in South American production
in 15/16 and the pace of Chinese demand!
Ahhh, we were hoping you would make such comment.
We caution against extrapolating demand switches to the U.S. for the 16/17 crop year due to cuts
in 15/16 to the South American crop. One must keep in mind that by late February of 2016, Brazil
is locked and loaded to supply soybeans to the world. Furthermore, South American production
in 16/17 is likely to have a new record potential, even with the expected slight reduction in

86 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain


Under different weather/area scenarios







Argentinean area dedicated to soybeans.
AGR BRASIL currently sees the following for 16/17
production potential (in MMTs):
Brasil 100-110
Argentina 53-58
Carry -In
Others 6-8
Under such scenario, the worst case figure (without
considering black-swan type weather events) would
Total Supply
be 166 only 6 MMTs below last years all-time
record and in-line with this year`s expected production
of 165-169 MMTs.
The best-case scenario would bring about production
Total Use
of around 185 MMTs, surpassing last years record by
Ending Stocks
over 12 MMTs!
Even if Chinese demand next year swells to 87-90
Stock/Use Ratio
MMTs, it is important to understand that South
America is here to stay when it comes to soybean
effects of severely reduced yields and increased demand to U.S.
exports and that the U.S. and not Brazil or Argentina will be the
and world soybean balance sheets, it is also prudent to also
holder of stocks for the foreseeable future.
consider the other side of the story and the implications it too
Although estimates of 1900 to 2000 million bushels of soybean
could have on international prices. It is premature at this point to
exports out of the U.S. for 16/17 are possible, they are only likely
assume extreme balance sheet scenarios for the 16/17 U.S. crop
under a scenario of serious stress to the 16/17 South American
year. U.S. stocks below 200 or above 500 million bushels are both
crop. Otherwise, a range of 1700-1900 cannot be ruled out, which
possible for next year, but both should be considered outliers at
in turn give way to the balance sheet scenarios here presented.
the present time, until more is known about the 16/17 U.S. crop.
Bottom line: although it is important to consider the potential

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Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 87

31-5-2016 10:55:13

Industry events

n 13-16 September 2016

SPACE 2016
Parc-Expo Of Rennes Airport La Haie Gautrais 35170
Bruz France

n 20-22 September 2016

Global Grain South America

Buenos Aires, Argentina

n 27-28 September 2016

Summit 2016 The Future of Farm Certification

Damrak 243, 1012 Amsterdam, Netherlands

n 08-11 October 2016

International Baking Industry Exposition

Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, NV, USA

n 19-21 October 2016

FIGAP 2016
Expo Guadalajara, Caballo Arete, Guadalajara,

n 19-21 October 2016

Vietstock 2016 Expo and Forum

Saigon Exhibition & Convention Center (SECC), Ho Chi
Minh City, Vietnam

n 24-27 October 2016

Millennium Hall, Airport Road, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

n 04-06 November 2016


No. 50, GanJiang South Road, Honggutan New District,
Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China

n 09-10 November 2016

Paris Event Center 20 Avenue De La Porte De La Villette
75019 Paris - France

n 15-18 November 2016

Messe Hannover, Germany

n 13-14 December 2016

Biomass Handling, Feeding and Storage

Kent, UK

The Micronutrient Forum

Global Conference:
Placing womens nutrition
at the centre of sustainable

he Micronutrient Forum Global

ConferenceWill Take PlaceIn Cancun,
Mexico 24-28 October 2016. Registration
and an additionalfull day of symposia
willproceed theweek-long programOn Sunday
October 23rd.
This event is designed to build on the success
of the 2014 meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,
which marked the revival and revitalisation of the
MN Forum and brought together 1000 participants
from 65 countries, providing them with a wealth of
knowledge and insight into the science and delivery
of micronutrients by 244 speakers in 80 sessions.
The 2016 Conference marks the Forums first visit
to Latin America. Mexico was the chosen location
in recognition of its achievements in addressing
micronutrient deficiencies at the population level,
and because of its commitment to the design and
implementation of evidence-based public health
policies and programs.
While maintaining the broad interest in all
aspects ofmicronutrients, the theme for the 2016
Conference will highlight the importance of placing
womens nutrition at the centre of sustainable
Women are both a prime focus of nutrition
interventionsand key partners in the delivery of
programs for children,families and communities.
The health and well-being ofwomen and girls are,
consequently, critical to achievingseveral of the
Sustainable Development Goals.
The time has come to better understand the
burden, thecontext and the most innovative and
effective solutionsto improve policy, and the
design and delivery of programs, for the increased
equity, survival, health and well-being of women
and girls.
There is much to learn and share by bridging
scientific discovery and program delivery across
multiple sectors, and the Micronutrient Forum
provides a space where different disciplines and
interested stakeholders come together to share
knowledge, experiences, and best practices.


Get comprehensive event information with our
events register
Visit millingandgrain.com
for more information

88 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain



Dr Eliana Zamprognna Rosenfeld

explains efficiency in pasta drying
During three-days in late August Buhler hosted keynote speakers to provide valuable insights into the
latest developments in the areas of nutrition, food and feed safety, sustainability and Internet of Things.
Break-out sessions, expert tours and a major solutions space created an inspiring environment, in which
over 750 invited guests exchanged and developed ideas, networked, and discussed how the grainprocessing industry could address the challenge of feeding nine billion people healthily and sustainably.
Buhlers long-standing commitment to educating and training was also reflected at the event, with the
presence of the Swiss and the African Milling Schools, as well as the Swiss Institute of Feed Technology
and the Training Center in Uzwil.
Every year, Buhler invests up to five percent of its turnover in research and development. The resulting
innovations make a big difference in feeding a growing world population and reducing energy and
water usage. Over three days Buhler presented more than 30 innovations in the specifically-built
exhibition area at its headoffice in Uzwil, Switzerland, that covered 1800 square meters.
Milling and Grain will report on a number of these newly-developed solutions over the coming months,
such as the latest generation of the pasta-drying solution, Ecothermatic, with energy savings of up to 40
percent and the high-precision scale Tubex, which reduces energy costs by over 90 percent.
Details of the program are here: https://event.buhlergroup.com/program.html

Bhler staff were on

hand in the exhibition
hall to give visitors
first-hand insights
into more than 30
innovations and
exclusive production

Helene Zllig, Project Manager Weighing & Packing

Joern Degasperi project manager for rollDetect

Prof Dr-Ing Werner Bauer (left) of GEA

Group with Dr Stefan Paiser of Nestl

Stefan Nuussli and Daniele Lorenzi from the Oil Group

90 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

The Digital Group - Front from left: Patrik

Mueller, Wolfgang Steiner, Arabella Stock,
Nico Staub, Michael Brhwiler, Stefan
Streibel, Kurt Geiger, Ralph Hauselmann,
Hinrich Potgier, (second row from left) Stefan
Krivanec, Stuart Bashford, Christian Krmer,
Beat Schoppmann, Beat Lang, Mirco Miotto
and Thomas Duft

TUBO - Winner of the Innovation Challenge. Left,

Stefan Rakitsch head of R&D for Grain Components
and Reto Rechsteiner, TUBO Product Manager from
Business Development Grain Logistics

Nicholas Trounce, Product

Management Industrial Milling

A seven channel colour sorter on display

Juste Hahne, Product Engineer

Isabelle Huggler and Urs Santschi, from

Technology team of Specialty Milling

Alfred Anderegg, Area Sales Manager Grain

Milling and Mattias Meili, Process Engineer

Marcel Linder, Life Cycle Management

Peter Wirz, Life Cycle Management

Andreas Kleiner, Product Development

Weighing & Packing and other colleagues

Marco Callo and Andrea

Hermsmeyer of Bhler Feed Solutions

Carsten Petry, Product Management Nutrition

On stage at BNW16
(left) Daniel Mller
of the Swiss Institute
of Feed Technology,
(below left) Chief
Technical Officer Ian
Roberts and Johannes
Wick, CEO of Bhlers
Grains and Food

Delegates had ample time to visit

the 'Solutions Floor' where numerous
technologies were on display, many for the
first time

Jrg Maurer of the Swiss School of Milling

Dr Batrice Conde-Petit group expert

food science and technology

Bhler's Emanuel Reiter (left) works

together with Bosch's Ralf Pfisterer in
the development of the iRoll

Experts in food and feed safety

Dr Nicolas Meneses (right) and
Martin Herschel with the eBeam

92 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

From left: CTO Ian Roberts, CEO Stefan

Scheiber and CEO Grains and Food
Johannes Wick face the press

Uzwil was the Davos of the grain

industry for three days in August

Roman Grundler, Giuseppe Cappelletti and

Patrick Guster from Customer Service

Experts for Grain Drying Technology Robert

Wieseckl Product Manager)and Simon
Strehler Project Manager Automation

Above: Bhler staff demonstrate and discuss a range of aspects of their innovations and new developments with visitors to the first Bhler Networking Days from August 22-24, 2016
Visitors enjoyed the warm
weather in the Networking area

Above left and right: Typical Asian flatbread made on Bhlers innovative
PesaMill and Latin food snacks prepared on the 'Solutions Space' of the
exhibition using grain products milled on the company's machinery

Below: The night sky in Uzwil, Switzerland, where Bhler

hosted an evening Networking dinner for delegates

"Break-out sessions, expert tours and a major solutions

space created an inspiring environment, in which over
750 invited guests exchanged and developed ideas,
networked, and discussed how the grain-processing
industry could address the challenge of feeding nine
billion people healthily and sustainably"

Industry events


ome 2400 exhibitors have already signed up to

participate at EuroTier 2016, which takes place later
this year in Hanover, Germany. More than 1300 of these
companies are coming from some 54 countries to exhibit
at the event, which takes place from 15th to 18th November.
EuroTier organiser DLG is expecting the final exhibitor number
to reach 2500 by the time the exhibition gets underway in four
months. The top international exhibitors that will be showcasing
their innovations for the livestock sector at the event are the
Netherlands with 230 companies, followed by China (170),
France (150), Italy (130) and Turkey (60).
The number of registrations already underlines EuroTiers
position as the worlds leading exhibition for agricultural animal
production, said EuroTier Project Manager Dr Karl Schlsser.
The exceptionally high exhibitor interest from abroad already
represents an increase of about one-third compared to 2014,
which is a clear sign of the growing importance of the EuroTier
as a hub for the international markets.

Every aspect of livestock production is covered

With its comprehensive offering of products and services for

animal production across all species, EuroTier is a key meeting
place for livestock farmers wanting to learn what current
solutions are available, as well as what will be coming in the
The leading companies operating in the dairy, beef, pig and
poultry sectors will all be represented in Hanover later this year
with also a smaller section on sheep at the exhibition. And there
will be a particularly strong poultry presence this year, as the
World Poultry Show will also take place within EuroTier 2016.
The range of products and services on display at EuroTier this
year will be larger than previous editions of the fair, especially
in the cross-species sectors such as feedstuffs, equipment for
milling, mixing and pelleting of feed, and animal health, but
there will also be air conditioning equipment being shown this
Other areas covered at the fair include: breeding stock,
breeding programs and reproduction technology; feed storage;
animal housing, including controlled-environment technology;

94 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain



machinery and equipment for animal husbandry and feeding;

milking equipment and milk storage systems; machinery and
equipment for storing and handling solid and liquid manure;
food processing equipment; and advisory, management and
consultancy services.

Bioenergy developments will be showcased

EuroTier 2016 will also feature EnergyDecentral, which will

showcase a broad range of technological developments in the
areas of bioenergy, renewable energy and the technology and
concepts surrounding decentralised energy. Located in dedicated
exhibition halls at the Hanover Exhibition Grounds, this specialist
section has excellent synergy with the agricultural livestock
technologies featured at the fair.
EnergyDecentral project manager Marcus Vagt says that more
than 300 companies have already booked stands to appear at
this international trade fair for innovative energy supply. Biogas,
cogeneration, energy from straw and wood, and wind power
are among the largest product groups to be featured, while the
decentralised energy section will include intelligent networking,
energy storage and contracting.
EnergyDecentral also gets a special feature for 2016 where
the topic is CHP Maintenance and Service. This will shows
clearly what is required for maintaining and optimising highly
complex Combined Heat and Power systems.
In addition, the German Biogas Association will hold its new
BIOGAS Convention on the EuroTier site for the first time during
this Novembers exhibition.

Worldwide innovation showcase

EuroTier is recognised as a global innovation showcase for

technical machinery and equipment for professional animal
husbandry. Numerous exhibitors will time their innovation
launches to coincide with EuroTier in Hanover, where they will
be able to display their new products to the international markets.
DLGs neutral and international commission of experts will once
again be judging entries for the EuroTier innovations awards.
Selected according to strict criteria, the best products will be
awarded DLGs highly prized gold and silver medals.

Industry events
Beef and dairy genetics on display in the Top Tier Treff

All the leading national and international cattle breeding

organisations will be represented in the presentation of daughter
animals at EuroTiers Top Tier Treff (top cattle genetics
show). In Hall 11 the dairy breeds Holsteins, Angeln, Brown
Cattle, Simmental, Brown Swiss and German Simmental are
expected to be presented at the Hanover Fairgrounds. Expected
beef breeds that will be represented include: Angus, Aubrac,
Blonde dAquitaine, Charolais, Galloway, Hereford, Highland
Cattle, Limousin, Uckermark, Wagyu cattle, and Welsh Black,
and possibly the rare dual-purpose breeds Grey Mountain and
This presentation of cattle diversity caters to the steadily
increasing need for information on the part of cattle breeders
from all over the world. The breeding companies and
organisations will provide information about the top sires in
their breeding programmes, with details of the corresponding
hereditary performance and merits.

Aquaculture at the EuroTier 2016

Aquaculture is an international growth market and an integral

part of EuroTier 2016. Leading companies including suppliers
of modern fish farm technology related to husbandry, feeding
and feed, networks and innovative water treatment systems, have
already registered, and will present their latest developments in
For the first time, an AQUAculture InfoCenter can be found
at the fair. With the title Growth in the water instead of on the
surface, it offers advice and a special area for living exhibits:
fish, seaweed, shrimp, shellfish. Practical lectures, discussions
and an extensive consultation area will complement the wide
range of exhibitors.

New: Special Future-proofing pig finishing

The way in which pigs are kept is no longer the focus of pig
farmers alone. Increasingly, society in general is calling for more
say in how animals are produced and the environment protected.
In many countries, this has already resulted in policies being
introduced to influence housing systems. But, how can we create
enough confidence in the pig sector to encourage the investment
required to improve existing housing and develop husbandry
systems that take into account these new environmental and
animal welfare objectives?
These questions will be answered at this years EuroTier
special feature targeted at the pig industry. Future-proofing pig
finishing, organised by the DLG (German Agricultural Society)
together with Baufrderung Landwirtschaft (BFL), follows on
from Specials examining novel ideas for the group housing of
sows (2010), the management of farrowing sows (2012) and the
care of piglets (2014).
Another issue that is becoming increasingly important is the
search for alternative marketing opportunities for pigs. This is
not only driven by the poor current financial returns, but also
the ending of castration without anesthesia, which will require
alternative production methods to be adopted.
The EuroTier Special will be closely integrated with, and sited
near to the venue of, this years Pig Forum presentations. And
independent consultants, as well as professional pig stockmen,
will be present at the special feature to answer visitors questions
and discuss the topics being presented.

New: Special Indoor Emission Control measures to

reduce emissions

Dust, ammonia and odour emissions from poultry buildings can

affect the environment both inside and outside the barn. In this

bpt Congress again coincides with EuroTier

The German Federation of Veterinary Practitioners (bpt) is

holding its annual congress and associated exhibition Veterinary
Medicine to coincide with EuroTier 2016. Jointly organised
by the DLG and bpt, the International Animal Health Event
will also take place. This will serve veterinarians primarily in
Germany but international veterinarians may take advantage too.

New: Special Healthy udders throughout the year

At EuroTier 2016, the Healthy udders throughout the year

special feature can be found in Hall 12. Here, milk producers
will find a large area dedicated to practical solutions and
recommendations for improving udder health. The feature will
give dairy farmers the opportunity to learn about new consulting
concepts with a view to assessing the health situation of their own
herd and how to improve it. They will also be guided through
the dairy cow work year, broken down in the three sections:
lactation, transit and dry period.
The assessment of the herd status via the udder health indicators
of the German Association for Performance and Quality tests
(DLQ), and important factors related to this, will be displayed
clearly and practically. Experts will be available to discuss udder
health for the duration of the fair.
Exhibitors at EuroTier can participate in the Udder Health
Special with technical papers, posters or video clips. The aim is
to provide visitors with simple and actionable messages that will
help to improve the udder health in individual animals and the
herd, and ultimately contribute to economic success of the dairy

11th Food Protein Course 2016

Theory & Practice for 10 plant & animal proteins

8 - 10 November 2016, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

The Course Food Proteins: Properties, Functionalities & Applications is designed to give participants a theoretical
and practical overview of vegetable and animal proteins currently available for food applications and to provide
hands-on information about their properties and functionalities.


To download a brochure visit: www.bridge2food.com

2016_08_02 Bridge2Food_Advert_2016_Food_Protein_Course.indd 1

Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 95

02/08/2016 13:31:21

Industry events
years EuroTier poultry special feature, exhibitors will provide
information about indoor process-integrated measures to
minimise these emissions.
Methods will naturally include exhaust air purification systems
that have clear anti-pollution effects, but there will also be other
approaches and methods including special bedding materials
or litter additives, feed additives or customised feeding and air
conditioning that could also bring positive effects on animal
health and animal welfare, and the working conditions of the
The special feature will be situated close to, and planned in
coordination with, the presentation series in the Poultry Forum.
Here poultry experts will be available to answer questions and to
take part in discussions on forum topics.

Future forum on professional animal husbandry

EuroTier provides the worlds leading forum looking at the

future of professional animal husbandry. Here, technology trends
related to modern animal husbandry and animal breeding are
traditionally identified and fully explored.
Together with partners from industry, academia, consultancy,
associations and organisations, the DLG will once again present
an extensive technical program to complement the offerings of
the exhibitors. This will include international conferences and
events on current trends and important developments in the
On the eve of the exhibition opening (November 14, 2016), the
Hanover Fairgrounds Convention Centre (CC) will become the
meeting place for top international farmers and advisors taking
part in the EuroTier Cattle & Pig Event and the International

96 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Poultry Event. These are important events for knowledge

exchange that will take on current topics and thus provide
pioneering insights from high-level speakers.

Young farmers day

Also looking to the future, EuroTier 2016 will again feature

a young farmers day, on November 17, for young farmers
and students of agriculture from home and abroad. The program
includes a EuroTier jobs forum, a future farmers Congress and
meeting places to meet and exchange experiences with other
young farmers. The highlight of the day, however, will be the
popular Young Farmers Party.

Campus & career

With the Campus & Career section at EuroTier 2016, DLG

offers a platform for professionals looking for a career in science
and research. Taking place in Hall 26, this section provides the
opportunity to get in touch with companies looking for staff to
inform themselves, as well as finding out about possible teaching,
study or training opportunities, or even the latest developments in

Multilingual information on the Internet

The DLG has made a wide range of information about EuroTier

2016 available on the internet in German, English and several
other languages. The EuroTier website is constantly updated and
includes information about exhibitors, the innovations at the fair
and about the technical program. International visitors can also
find the DLG-Travel Service, which has contacts in nearly 50

13 16 SEPT.

Rennes - France

SPACE: the Expo that offers a complete range of products and services
for all sectors: cattle (dairy, beef), swine, poultry, sheep and rabbits:

More than 1.400 exhibitors in 11 halls

and in the outdoor exhibit space.
More than 106.000 trade visitors
expected, including,
more than 15.000 international visitors.


More than 700 animals on show.

A net exhibit area of more than
156.000 m2.
More than 370 journalists,
including 87 international journalists.

Tel. +33 223 48 28 80

phideel.fr - rennes


Industry events




igger than ever and earlier in the year than its

previous editions, the major international Feed
to Food trade fair platform VIV China returns
to Beijing in September when it will form an
important part of a week full of activities and information
for professionals from the global animal protein industries.
VIV China 2016 takes place at the New China
International Exhibition Centre (NCIEC)in the Shunyi
district of Beijing, close to the airport. The show opens
on Tuesday 6th September and runs until Thursday 8th

Strategic partnership

The dates allow the 9th edition to run in parallel with

the 2016 Worlds Poultry Congress. This congress of the
Worlds Poultry Science Association is held every four
years. The latest is organized by the Chinese branch of
WPSA to be in Beijing on dates of 5th-9th September
The strategic partnership agreed between VIV worldwide
and the congress organisation will see two events cooperate closely. Indeed, Worlds Poultry Congress 2016
has chosen Wednesday 7th September as industrial day,
with an afternoon session of company-sponsored seminars
and activities that actually occurs at the VIV China venue.
To cement the link even more, free shuttle buses are
being arranged on 6th and 7th September to carry congress
delegates to VIV China and return them later in the day.
It means that poultry scientists from around the
98 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

9 & 10 NOV.

2 0 1 6






The Milling and Cereal Industries Meeting

9 & 1 0


dedicated to innovation

Technical, financial and scientific conferences

Interventions of expert speakers and round tables

Cereal industry suppliers, industrial facilities & equipment,

raw materials, ingredients

Follow the JTIC on:

Aemic Paris


Aemic JTIC Aemic/JTIC

Organized by :

51 rue de lchiquier, 75010 Paris

Information & registration :

+33 (0)1 47 07 20 69
www.aemic.com / www.jtic.eu






7th International Flour, Semolina, Corn, Bulghur,
29,7 cm Milling Machinery Exhibition
7th International Feed Milling Machinery Exhibition
7th International Pulses and Rice Technologies Exhibition
7th International Pasta and Biscuit Technologies Exhibition
7th International Storage, Packaging, Laboratory, Additives and Sub-Industry Expo

04-07 May 2017

stanbul Expo Center


Union of Bulgarian

Ethiopian Millers

The Romanian Employers League

Of The Milling, Bakery And Flour
Based Products Industry

Agency for State Material

Reserves of Tajikistan

Millers Association
of Ukraine

Pakistan Flour
Mills Association

Turkish Grain
Suppliers Association

Palestine Food
Industry Union

Libya Flour Millings and

Feed National Company

Iraq Al Diwaniyah's
Chamber for Commerce

The Department
of Food Agriculture and
Farm Products of Ghana

Association of Congo

Chamber of
Commerce and
Industry of Ivory Coast

National Federation
of Bakers of Senegal

National Milling
Federation of Morocco

Portugal Compound
Feed Association

Anatolia Flour
Association (Turkey)

Association of Turkish
Pasta Manufacturers

Association of Pulse and Grain

Processing Technologies, Packaging
and Analysis Systems

Southeast Flour
Association (Turkey)

Intarnational Fair

Tel: +90 212 347 31 64

E-Mail: info@idma.com.tr


Industry events

Industry events

VIV China 2016 and its international conferences

will be co-located in Beijing with the latest Worlds
Poultry Congress. It promises to be an excellent
week, for science and business!
world can learn all about the latest research and new thinking
on technological developments at their own scientific forum and
discover at VIV China 2016 how these ideas are being applied in a
practical way, comments Anneke van Rooijen, show manager at

More exhibitors, more nationalities

On the trade show itself, VIV China 2016 will now fill three complete
halls at the NCIEC showground because it has needed to accommodate
more exhibits for suppliers from both inside and outside China. In
2014 it had 440 international exhibitors; this has now increased to 550.
Including the home contingent, Anneke van Rooijen calculates that 27
nationalities will be represented by the exhibitors in September. The
number is boosted by various national pavilions that include one for
the USA which is about 33 percent larger than in 2014.

Clear navigation, bi-lingual signage

As in 2014, the organisers are creating zones of exhibits according to

theme of pork, poultry or aquaculture. Clear navigation to these zones
is provided by bi-lingual signage and a visitor pocket guide that is also
in English and Mandarin.
About one-third of the international companies who will be
represented on VIV China 2016 stands are suppliers of feed
ingredients, additives or animal health products. Another 28 percent
specialise in housing or production equipment, mainly for poultry.
Those offering processing equipment for meat or eggs comprise about
12% of companies present, approximately nine percent provide feed
manufacturing systems and six percent are genetics companies.
Within the domestic Chinese representation, half of all companies
are in the feed materials or animal health business and 41 percent in
housing or equipment for pigs and poultry. Most of the remainder is
made up of suppliers of feed milling, breeding and processing systems.

Conference highlights pork

VIV China has always been strong on poultry, says Anneke van
Rooijen, and that will certainly be true again for the 2016 edition,
but the pig sector is also strongly represented. The pre-show day
of Monday 5th September brings the Pork Production Conference
segment, being organized by Watt Global Media/Pig International
China with Shanghai Lyja Cultural Media Co. It discusses sustainable
and efficient pork production in a Chinese context and it will be located
at the China National Convention Center venue of the Worlds Poultry
Congress 2016.

Attracting visitors from other countries

A VIV China 2016 promotion campaign in Asian focus countries

including South Korea, Philippines and Indonesia is emphasizing the
information value of the week in Beijing also for non-Chinese visitors.
Foreign visitors at VIV China 2014 comprised around 20 percent of the
total attendance.
The aim this time is to at least equal that percentage, within a growth of
overall visitor numbers to exceed 15,000 over the three days of the show.
VIV show manager Anneke van Rooijen says, VIV China 2016
and its international conferences will be co-located in Beijing with the
latest Worlds Poultry Congress. It promises to be an excellent week,
for science and business!
Milling and Grain - September 2016 | 101

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines

+90 266 733 85 50

Elevator & Conveyor Components

4B Braime

To be included into the Market Place, please contact Tom Blacker

+44 1242 267700 - tomb@perendale.co.uk

+44 113 246 1800



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Romer Labs
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Amino acids
Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH


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102 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain





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Rentokil Pest Control


+44 0800 917 1987

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+31 77 467 3555
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+90 444 0894

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+90 364 2549630
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+90 332 2390141


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103 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

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Reclaim System

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DSL Systems Ltd


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+34 91 726 43 04



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Genc Degirmen

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+1 785 825 7177
Rota Val Ltd


The print edition, the worlds premier directory for flour, feed, seed,
rice and grain milling and handling industries


+44 1249 651138


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+39 0372 496826
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104 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

Leiber GmbH
+49 5461 93030

The career hub

Milling and Grain recognises that both milling companies and those
supplying the milling industry with both equipment and services are
finding it increasingly difficult to recruit staff from within the industry
internationally. The shortage of the right people in our industry being
aware of jobs on offer is likely to slow the development of milling and its
related sectors globally. Therefore,Milling and Grain is devoting a page
to this important subject - alerting readers to job opportunities. This is
not a recruitment page, this is simply an attempt to bring to readers
attention the job opportunities they might not otherwise be aware of.

- Poultry Key Account Manager (m/f)

USA #8121
- Sales Manager (m/f)
Czech Republic


- Sales Manager (m/f)

Hungary #8361
- Sales Manager for Swine Nutritition (m/f)
Poland #8541
- Assistent Produktentwicklung (m/w)
Austria #8682

Contact tutit@perendale.co.uk for more information about listing a

job vacancy.

- Head of Global Ruminant (m/f)

To make it easy to identify the type of job you are looking for, we
have the following colour coding:

USA #8841
- Head of Global Key Account Management

Specialist / Manager

Austria #8842

- Product Manager for Microbial Feed

Additives (m/f)
Austria #1902

- Produktionsassitstent (m/w)
Austria #8861
- Feeding Trial Coordinator (m/f)
Austria #9061

- Sales Manager (m/f)

Ukraine #2982
- Sales Manager for Poultry Nutrition (m/f)
Poland #3141

- Sales Manager (m/f)

Brazil #9103
- Technical Sales Manager Poultry (m/f)
Brazil #9104

- Sales Representative (m/f)

Thailand #3801
- Sales Manager (m/f)

- Product Manager Phytogenics (m/f)

Austria #9161

Russia #3961
- Regional Marketing Manager (m/f)

- Sales Manager (m/f)

Russia #3961

USA #9222
Regional Director (m/f)

- Technical Sales Manager Poultry (m/f)

EMA Region

Brazil #9241


- Business Development Manager

Aquaculture (m/f)
Indonesia #5122
- Regional Technical Support Manager
Animal Nutrition (m/f)
Singapore #5461
- Technical Sales Executive - Aquaculture (m/f)
Indonesia #5641

Ruminant Key Account Manager (m/f)

USA #9302
To find out more about Biomin jobs simply scan
the QR code and enter the job number - or visit
- Technical Support Specialist - RapidChek
China #8604
- Research Scientist (m/f)

- Technical Sales Manager (m/f)

Northern Malaysia

Malaysia #9041
- Technical Support (m/f)

- Business Development Manager (m/f)

Philippines #6701
- Technical Sales Manager Ruminants (m/f)
Asia #7481

Austria #9141
-Food Safety Key Account Manager (m/f)
USA #9223
To find out more about Romer Labs jobs simply
scan the QR code and enter the job number -

- Sales & Marketing Director (m/f)

Austria #7621
- Development Associate (m/f)
Austria #7781
- Poultry Key Account Manager (m/f)
USA #8121
- Sales Manager (m/f)
Hungary #8361

or visit bit.ly/romerlabsjobs
- Senior Internal Auditor (m/f)
Austria #9281
To find out more about Erber jobs simply scan
the QR code and enter the job number - or visit

the interview

Clifford Spencer

Mr Clifford Spencer of the UK has been appointed chairman of the newly-formed Milling4Life
charity which aims to assist the relief of hunger through advancing milling practices in developing
and transitional countries. Currently Mr Spencer leads the Global Biotechnology Transfer
Foundation (GBTF), which with support from global organisations, makes up a strong delivery
mechanism for the Foundation's aims. The GBTF was formed with the intervention of the United
Nations and is dedicated to promoting the potential for biotechnology to support sustainable,
long-term, socio-economic development.
Technical biology is to gain a better understanding of a subject in which we operate and
excel. Thus, bread-making, brewing and composting are as much a part of biotechnology as
the genetic work that is often disproportionately associated with the subject. The Foundation is
currently involved in activities ranging from promoting community bioenergy programmes to the
Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture. Milling4Life is privileged, and honoured, to have
Mr Spencer as it Chairman.
In your livestock farming period, what type of animals
did you farm and what were your key motivations at
that time?
In my lifetime my family farmed every form of livestock but
pigs. However, I was taught by the foremost pig-breeding
expert in the UK at university, thus making up for that
shortcoming. The reason pigs were excluded from our
enterprises was my grandfather suffered overwhelming loss
due to the ravages of Swine Fever and this experience put
my late father off farming the animal.

We produced everything from the winning turkey at the UK

national poultry show and which subsequently went on to
provide Her Majesty the Queens Christmas dinner on more
than one occasion, to high-quality milk, eggs, specialist
sheep with highly productive and out of season production
attributes to working actively in artificial insemination in cattle
in its early days in the 1950s and 1960s in my teenage years.

What have you done in the area of crop production

and research and why did you focus on this area of

In the late 1960s and 1970s our farm was a frequent entrant
across the Atlantic Ocean in the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair
based in Toronto where we ultimately secured the Supreme
Champion title for a winter wheat crop produced on our farm.
I have also broken various yield and quality records in cereal,
pulse and oilseed crops throughout my active farming career.
I have personally grown some 60 species of plants whilst being
involved in leading on-farm research work with many industrial
and academic partners for over 30 years, for example the first
introduction of hybrid cereals to the UK with Shell in the 1980s
and hybrid oilseeds in the 1990s. I chaired the pulse panel
at the National Institute of Agricultural Botany helping select
the best varieties of peas and beans for UK farmers as well
as serving on the levy panel at the Processors and Growers
Research Organisation, where this charge on all UK pulse
growers helped provide leading research for these crops.
I was also a leading nucleus seed producer for an extensive
range of crops and indeed our business was UK leading in
that respect. Our seed was exported around the world due
to its quality and purity.

How do your experiences in livestock and cropping

impact the work you do today?

I took over the family farm at a very early age and indeed
ended my university education prematurely due to my
late fathers ill health. As he said at the time he was not
retired but just plain tired! That baptism of fire in my teens
has thoroughly grounded me in the need for practical
commercial thinking when assessing global farming systems.
This is in particular regard to facilitating change at farm level
whatever the objective whether thats soil health, animal
welfare, broad ecosystem/environmental factors, human
diet & health, climate change or production performance
and efficiency.

106 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

How did you become involved in international aspects

to your business and to the work that you are now
Apart from food and seed supply, with the advent of the
1990s I became heavily involved in producing advanced
medical and industrial crop seeds and fibres which attracted
increasing media attention.

Areas from the production of nervonic acid (a human acid

also produced in a plant) used to mend nerve sheaths in
humans through to producing industrial slip agents from
oilseed plants and further on to providing lightweight crop
fibres from crops such as flax and hemp for advanced
aircraft construction (as well as oil for advanced nutrition)
were all in my practical sphere of feedstock crop production.
From this came interest from the United Nations and the
opportunity to travel extensively advising at the highest level
on agriculture and bioenergy and on a global basis for over
a decade.

Can you explain in a little more detail about the

positions you hold today, the work you do with
international bodies and how this might impact the
supply of food to those in most need?

I am the Goodwill Ambassador of the African Union (AU)

with special responsibility for the New Partnership for Africas
Development (NEPAD). I have also been involved in highlevel support of the EUs Climate Key Innovation Centres
programme overseen by the European Institute of Innovation
and Technology, for which I have also acted as a project
I was also variously a business adviser to a multi-national
bank, a national farm judge, a Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) project assessor and a
featured director of the Institute of Directors. I have also
been lucky enough to experience the personal company
and views of various national leaders and have presented in
the UK House of Lords.

Youre a trustee and chairman of the newly formed

Aquaculture Without Frontiers (UK) CIO charity which
represents Milling4Life. Can you explain as Chairman
of the Board what the objectives are for the milling

This new and what I believe will become an industry leading

charity is dedicated to the promotion and adoption of sound
food and feed milling processes and storage technology in
developing countries.
This is for the benefit of the public good and the overall
improvement of nutrition in the diets of individuals in both
developing and transitional countries. I see, for instance,
a strong role in its core activity to providing invaluable
assistance to the African continents current drive to radically
alter its agricultural output and feed its own peoples and
stimulate strong and enduring economic growth for the
benefit of its citizens.


ConAgra Foods names David Marberger Chief Financial Officer

onAgra Foods, Inc has announced that David Marberger has been appointed executive vice
president and chief financial officer, effective August 29, 2016.

Mr Marberger will report to Sean Connolly, president and chief executive officer of
ConAgra Foods, Inc, and will succeed John Gehring, who previously announced his plans to
retire from the company. Mr Gehring will remain with the company until the end of September to assist
with Mr Marbergers transition.

David Marberger

Mr Marberger brings more than 30 years of finance and leadership experience to ConAgra Foods,
including significant consumer packaged goods expertise. Previously he served as chief financial officer at
Prestige Brands, a provider of over-the-counter healthcare products with a portfolio of over 80 brands.

Prior to joining Prestige Brands, Mr Marberger served as chief financial officer of Godiva Chocolatier
for seven years, where he was instrumental in spearheading efforts to establish the company as a standalone business under new
ownership and delivering significant improvements in overall performance.

Prior to joining Godiva, Mr Marberger served as chief financial officer at Tasty Baking Company (then NASDAQ listed) and
spent 10 years at Campbell Soup Company, where he held finance roles with increasing responsibility. He began his career at
Price Waterhouse Coopers. Mr Marberger holds a MBA from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, and a BBA from
the University of Massachusetts.

Key leadership promotions at Diamond V

on McIntyre, PhD, PAS has been promoted to Director, Global Research & Technical
Services. Dr McIntyre was previously responsible for Diamond Vs North America Poultry
Research & Technical Services. His experience prior to joining Diamond V in 2012 included
R&D positions at Hybrid Turkeys and Oscar Meyer. He worked as a poultry production manager
for Louis Rich and Pilgrims and was president of British United Turkeys of America (BUTA) and
Colorado Quality Research (CQR). Dr McIntyre also held technical service positions for Hendrix Genetics
and Adisseo North America.

Don McIntyre

Additionally, Dr McIntyre currently serves on the Foundation Research Committee of the US Poultry &
Egg Association (USPEA). He is assistant section editor for the Poultry Science Journal and past president
of the Southern Poultry Science Society.

Dr McIntyre is certified by PAACO as an Animal Welfare Auditor and Trainer specialising in poultry.
His 30 years of experience in the poultry industry includes serving on the Board of Directors of the Poultry
Science Association, USPEA, North Carolina Poultry Federation, South Carolina Poultry Federation, and
National Turkey Federation.
Hilary Pavlidis, PhD has been promoted to her new role as Director, Global Poultry Research and
Technical Service. Previously, Dr Pavlidis served as Pedigree Geneticist with Cobb-Vantress in Siloam
Springs, AR and as Program Geneticist with Aviagen Turkeys in Lewisburg, WV. She earned her BS
in Animal and Poultry Science at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, then both her MS and PhD from the
University of Arkansas in Fayetteville.
Hilary Pavlidis

She is past President of the Poultry Breeders of America and a member of the Poultry Science
Association where she has served as associate editor for the Breeding and Genetics section of the Poultry
Science Journal.

Nutriad appoints new Sales Manager for South America

utriad have appointed Angela Maria Mejia Vargas as Area Manager for all South American
countries outside Brazil.With a strong presence in Brazil since many years,Nutriadnow aims
to expand its market share across Latin America.

Angela Mejia, a veterinarian and zoo-technical engineer, with a strong technical and
commercial track record in poultry and swine nutrition. A Colombian citizen, she is currently finalising
her Master degree in Nutrition from the Caldas University, with emphasis on monogastrics.

Angela Maria
Mejia Varga

I am excited about this next step in my career said Angela Mejia, adding that she is, looking forward
to joining the Nutriad team as I am convinced that the solutions Nutriad provides can help feed producers
in South America in managing complex nutritional and health challenges.

108 | September 2016 - Milling and Grain

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