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Microsoft Equation

3.0

1 ) Classificar os seguintes subconjuntos do R3 em LI ou LD:

2,1,3
a)
Soluo:

a 2,1,3 0,0,0 2a,a,3a (0,0,0)


2a 0

a 0

2 0

1 0
3 0

3a 0

L1

A=

1
L1
2

1 0

~ 1 0 L2 L1
3 0 L L 3L

3
3
1

P A 1, P A 1

a R 3

n 1, P ( A) 1 SPD

a 0 Li

P A P A SP

{(1,1,1), (1,1,1)}
b)
Soluo:

a1,1,1 b 1,1,1 (0,0,0)

a,a, a (b, b, b) (0,0,0)


a b,a b, a b (0,0,0)
a b 0

ab 0

1 1 0

1 1 0
1 1 0

3a 0

A=

1 1 0

1 1 0
1 1 0

L2 L2 L1
L3 L3 L1

1 1 0
1 1 0
1 1 0

1
~ 0 0 0 L2 L3 ~ 0 2 0 L2 L2 ~ 0 1 0 L1 L1 L2
2
0 2 0
0 0 0
0 0 0

1 0 0

~ 0 1 0 a 0
0 0 0

b0

1 0

~ 0 0
0 0

a0

P A 2, P A 2
P A P A SP

a, b R 3

n 2, P ( A) 2 SPD

a b 0 Li

Classificar os seguintes subconjuntos do R3 em LI ou LD


{( 2,1,0), (1,3,1), (3,5,0)}

c)
Soluo:

a 2,1,0 b 1,3,1 c(3,5,0) (0,0,0)

2a,a,0 (b,3b,0) (3c,5c,0) (0,0,0)


2a,a,0 (b,3b,0) (3c,5c,0) (0,0,0)
2a b 3c 0

a 3b 5c 0

A=

2 1 3 0

1 3 5 0

2 1 3 0
1

L2 L2
2
1 3 5 0
1 1 2 3 2 0

0 5 2 13 2 0

L3

2
L3
5

1 1 2 3 2 0

3
5 0 L3 L3 L1
1

1 0 1 5 0

0 1 13 5 0 P A 2, P A 2

1 1 3 / 2 0
1
L1 L1 L2
2
0 1 13 / 5 0

P A P A SP

1
a 5c 0

13
b c 0
a , b , c R
5

{( 2,1,3), (0,0,0), (1,5,2)}


d)
Soluo:

a (2,1,3) b(0,0,0) c(1,5,2) (0,0,0)

n 3, P ( A) 3 SPI
, Logo LD

2a, a,3a (0,0,0) (c,5c,2c) (0,0,0)


2a c 0

a 5c 0

2 1 0

1 5 0
3 2 0

3a 2c 0

A=

2 1 0

~ 1 5 0
3 2 0

L1 L2

1 5 0
1 5 0

~ 2 1 0
~ 0 9 0
1
3 2 0
3 13 0 L2 L2

L2 2L2

1 5 0

~ 0 1 0 L3 L3 5 L2
0 13 0 L L xL

3
3
2

1 0 0

~ 0 1 0
0 0 0

P A 2, P A 2
,

n 3, P( A) 3 SPI
logo

a 0

, LD

Classificar os seguintes subconjuntos do R3 em LI ou LD


c)

P A P A SP