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ANTFON DE ATENAS

TALES DE MILETO
ANAXIMANDRO
PITGORAS
XENFANES
HERCLITO
ANAXGORAS
PARMNIDES
PRDICO
PROTGORAS
ZENO DE ELEIA
EMPDOCLES
LEUCIPO
GRGIAS
SCRATES
DEMCRITO
CRTIAS
EUCLIDES
ANTSTENES
ARISTIPO DE CIRENE
XENOFONTE DE ATENAS
PLATO
DIGENES DE SINOPE
HPIAS
ARISTTELES
TEOFRASTO
EPICURO
CLEANTES
DIGENES LARCIO
CRISIPO
CCERO
LUCRCIO
FLON DE ALEXANDRIA
SNECA
EPICTETO
PLUTARCO
MARCO AURLIO
CLEMENTE DE ALEXANDRIA
SEXTO EMPRICO
ORGENES
PLOTINO
AGOSTINHO, santo
PROCLO
BOCIO
SCOTUS ERIGENA, Johannes
ALFARABI
AVICENA
ANSELMO DA CANTURIA

-700
-625
-610
-600
-575
-540
-500
-500
-500
-500
-500
-490
-490
-487
-469
-460
-455
-450
-445
-435
-430
-427
-412
-400
-385
-372
-341
-331
-300
-280
-106
-98
-20
1
50
50
121
140
150
185
205
354
421
470
801
870
980
1033

-601
-546
-545
-501
-475
-480
-428
-401
-401
-401
-401
-435
-380
-399
-400
-403
-350
-366
-350
-354
-347
-324
-343
-322
-285
-271
-232
-201
-200
-43
-55
50
100
125
150
180
150
250
251
270
430
485
524
900
950
1037
1109

ABELARDO, Pedro
AVERRIS
JOAQUIM DE FIORE
MAIMNIDES (Rambam)
ALBERTO MAGNO
BOAVENTURA, So GIOVANNI FIDANZA
TOMS DE AQUINO, santo
ECKHART, Mestre
DUNS ESCOTO (SCOT), Joo
OCKHAM
SUSO, Heinrich
NICOLAU DE CUSA
FICINO, Marsilio
PICO DELLA MIRANDOLA, Giovanni
ERASMO, Desidrio
MAQUIAVEL, Nicolau
MORE, sir Thomas
LUTERO, Martinho
MELANCHTON
CALVINO, Joo
BODIN, Jean
MONTAGNE, Michel de
WEIGEL, Valentin
BRUNO, Giordano
SUREZ, Francisco
BACON, Francis
GALILEU
CAMPANELLA, Tommaso
BOEHME, Jacob
GROTIUS
HOBBES, Thomas
GASSENDI, Pierre
DESCARTES
PASCAL, Blaise
ESPINOSA
LOCKE, John
MALEBRANCHE, Nicolas
NEWTON, Isaac
LEIBNIZ, Gottfried-Wilhelm
BAYLE, Pierre
VICO, Giambattista
MANDEVILLE, Bernard
SHAFTESBURY, Anthony Ashley, conde de
WOLFF, Christian
BERKELEY, George
MONTESQUIEU, baro de
VOLTAIRE
REID, Thomas

1079
1126
1130
1132
1200
1221
1225
1260
1266
1285
1300
1401
1433
1468
1469
1469
1478
1483
1497
1509
1530
1533
1533
1548
1548
1561
1564
1568
1575
1583
1588
1592
1596
1623
1632
1637
1638
1642
1646
1647
1668
1670
1671
1679
1685
1689
1694
1710

1142
1198
1202
1204
1280
1274
1274
1328
1308
1347
1365
1464
1499
1493
1536
1527
1535
1546
1560
1564
1596
1592
1588
1600
1617
1626
1642
1639
1624
1645
1679
1655
1650
1662
1677
1704
1715
1727
1716
1706
1744
1733
1712
1754
1753
1755
1778
1796

HUME, David
ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques
DIDEROT, Denis
BAUMGARTEN, Alexander Gottlieb
CONDILLAC, Etienne Bonnot, abade de
HELVTIUS
ALEMBERT, Jean Le Rond d'
d'HOLBACH, Paul Henri Thiry, baro
SMITH, Adam
KANT, Immanuel
MENDELSSOHN, Moses
HAMANN, Johann Georg
PAINE, Thomas
SADE, Donatien-Alphonse-Franois
GARVE, Christian
CONDORCET, Jean Antoine Nicolas de CARITAT, marqus de
JACOBI, Friedrich Heinrich
HERDER, Johann Gottfried von
BENTHAM, Jeremy
SAINT-SIMON, Henri, conde de
FICHTE, Johann Gottlieb
BAADER, Franz von
HUMBOLDT, Wilhelm von
SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich Daniel Ernst
HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
OWEN, Robert
FOURIER, Charles
SCHELLING, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph
BOLZANO, Bernard
SCHOPENHAUER, Arthur
COMTE, Auguste
RUGE, Arnold
FEUERBACH, Ludwig
ROSENKRANZ, Karl
TOCQUEVILLE, Alexis de
MILL, John Stuart
STIRNER, Max
STRAUSS, David Friedrich
BAUER, Bruno
DARWIN, Charles
PROUDHON, Pierre-Joseph
HESS, Moses
KIERKEGAARD, Sren
BAKUNIN, Mikhail
MARX, Karl
ENGELS, Friedrich
SPENCER, Herbert
HELMHOLTZ, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von

1711
1712
1713
1714
1714
1715
1717
1723
1723
1724
1729
1730
1737
1740
1742
1743
1743
1744
1748
1760
1762
1765
1767
1768
1770
1771
1772
1775
1781
1788
1798
1802
1804
1805
1805
1806
1806
1808
1809
1809
1809
1812
1813
1814
1818
1820
1820
1821

1776
1778
1784
1762
1780
1771
1783
1789
1790
1804
1786
1788
1809
1814
1798
1794
1819
1803
1842
1825
1814
1841
1835
1834
1831
1858
1837
1854
1848
1860
1857
1880
1872
1879
1859
1873
1856
1874
1882
1882
1865
1875
1855
1876
1883
1895
1903
1894

TAINE, Hippolyte-Adolphe
DILTHEY, Wilhelm
DHRING, Eugen
HAECKEL, Ernst Heinrich
BRENTANO, Franz
MACH, Ernest
PEIRCE, Charles Sanders
COHEN, Hermann
JAMES, William
LABRIOLA, Antonio
NIETZSCHE, Friedrich
RIEHL, Aloys
FREGE, Gottlob
WINDELBAND, Wilhelm
NARTOP, Paul
FREUD, Sigmund
SAUSSURE, Ferdinand de
DURKHEIM, Emile
PLANCK, Max
SIMMEL, Georg
BERGSON, Henry
DEWEY, John
HUSSERL, Edmund
BLONDEL, Maurice
WHITEHEAD, Alfred North
MEAD, George Herbert
RICKERT, Heinrich
WEBER, Max
CROCE, Benedetto
LNIN, Vladimir Ilytch Ulianov, dito
LUXEMBURGO, Rosa
KLAGES, Ludwig
RUSSELL, Bertrand
ADLER, Max
MOORE, George Edward
CASSIRER, Ernst
SCHELER, Max
GENTILE, Giovanni
LASK, Emil
BUBER, Martin
EINSTEIN, Albert
SPENGLER, Oswald
KELSEN, Hans
TEILHARD DE CHARDIN, Pierre
HARTMANN, Nicolai
SCHLICK, Moritz
JASPERS, Karl
ORTEGA Y GASSET, Jos

1828
1833
1833
1834
1838
1838
1839
1842
1842
1843
1844
1844
1848
1848
1854
1856
1857
1858
1858
1858
1859
1859
1859
1861
1861
1863
1863
1864
1866
1870
1870
1872
1872
1873
1873
1874
1874
1875
1875
1878
1879
1880
1881
1881
1882
1882
1883
1883

1893
1911
1921
1919
1917
1916
1914
1918
1910
1904
1900
1924
1925
1915
1924
1939
1913
1917
1947
1918
1941
1952
1938
1949
1947
1931
1936
1920
1952
1924
1919
1956
1970
1937
1958
1945
1928
1944
1915
1965
1955
1936
1973
1955
1950
1936
1969
1955

BACHELARD, Gaston
BLOCH, Ernst
BOHR, Niels
LUKCS, Gyrgy
KORSCH, Karl
SCHRDINGER, Erwin
SCHMITT, Carl
HEIDEGGER, Martim
TOYNBEE, Arnold
WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig Josef Johann
CARNAP, Rudolf
GRAMSCI, Antonio
BENJAMIN, Walter
PLESSNER, Helmuth
MANNHEIM, Karl
HORKHEIMER, Max
JAKOBSON, Roman
PIAGET, Jean
BATAILLE, Georges
ELIAS, Norbert
LWITH, Karl
MARCUSE, Herbert
STRAUSS, Leo
FROMM, Erich
GADAMER, Hans Georg
RYLE, Gilbert
HEISENBERG, Werner Karl
MORRIS, Charles
PARSONS, Talcott
POPPER, Karl
ADORNO, Theodor
GEHLEN, Arnold
SARTRE, Jean-Paul
ARENDT, Hannah
GOODMAN, Nelson
LVINAS, Emmanuel
BEAUVOIR, Simone de
LVI-STRAUSS, Claude
MERLEAU-PONTY, Maurice
QUINE, Willard van Orman
AUSTIN, John Langshaw
RICOEUR, Paul
BARTHES, Roland
DAVIDSON, Donald
ALTHUSSER, Louis
TOPITSCH, Ernest
RAWLS, John
APEL, Karl-Otto

1884
1885
1885
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1889
1889
1891
1891
1892
1892
1893
1895
1896
1896
1897
1897
1897
1898
1899
1900
1900
1900
1901
1901
1902
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1906
1906
1908
1908
1908
1908
1911
1913
1915
1917
1918
1919
1921
1922

1962
1977
1962
1971
1961
1961
1985
1976
1975
1951
1970
1937
1940
1985
1947
1973
1982
1980
1962
1990
1973
1979
1973
1980
1976
1976
1979
1979
1969
1976
1980
1975
1995
1986
1961
1960
1980
1990

KUHN, Thomas S.
FEYERABEND, Paul
LYOTARD, Jean-Franois
DELEUZE, Gilles
FOUCAULT, Michel
PUTNAM, Hilary
LUHMANN, Niklas
CHOMSKY, Noam
BAUDRILLARD, Jean
HABERMAS, Jrgen
BOURDIEU, Pierre
DERRIDA, Jacques
RORTY, Richard
SEARLE, John Roger

1922
1924
1924
1925
1926
1926
1927
1928
1929
1929
1930
1930
1931
1932

1998

1998