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NAV n Radio both

1. Diff between GPWS n EGPWS. KInd of warning EGPWS gives, how does it
work
2. RNP, what exactly is that, RNP 1 better or RNP 10
3. GRID MORA on jepp chart
4. CANPA-Constant angle non precision approach
5. VOR, DVOR(Doppler VOR), NDB, which one would you prefer to use and why
6. Showed Chennai approach plate-Which type of approach is that-VOR
7. RADIO ALT
8. RVSM contingencies
9. ALL types of projections, if you are at equator which type of chart would you
use(projection type)
thse are the one i could remember as of now, will let you people know, if i could
recollect more of them
q. How many satellites are required for RAIM?
q. What airspaces are there in India?
q. What is RVSM - what are the requirements for an aircraft to enter rvsm
airspace?
q.What is RNP
Some radio aids ques that I got asked:
- compass errors (accel/decel)
- fms and it's interfaces
- irs construction, working, limitations, relation b/w time to align vs latitude
That's all I could think of.

-CM
It was a combined oral for Gen. Navigation & Radio Aids-Instruments.
1.Requirements for aircraft to enter a RVSM Airspace.
2.Class of Airspace in India.
3.GPWS and EGPWS, Reasons for EGPWS that it gives us the warnings and alerts
for terrain ahead also?
4.Hard Iron & Soft iron Magnetism ; What kind of magnetism will an aircraft
acquire if it is hammered for a long time? ; EGPWS Mode 6.
5. For Navigation, lots of Jeppesen Charts questions were asked.
Colours for GRID MORA, Scale on Jepp. Chart, Approach plates -LOC
approach(GS out).
Radio/General navigation combined oral(previous attempt):

-pitot static instruments


-explain static pressure
-TAT>OAT, why?
-explain density error
-mach meter errors
-INS setting/faliures
-Radio altimeter errors
-TCAS TA,RA range
-what is a VOLMET?
-night effect
-sidereal day

-VOR errors
-VOR tracking problem
-VOR-DME co-location criteria
-Glide Slope coverage range
-what is P RNAV
-speed to be maintained when in a DME arc
-grid mora (colours on the chart)
-RL on a Mercator
-Vref speed categories
-converting climb gradient to RoC (the examiner was looking for a rule of thumb
formula)

any further inputs on general nav will be appreciated

good luck!
Ok mine was pathetic they got into charts and were like you need to know those
jep charts very well
Navigation what of parallel of latitude what are thumb lines gc
Dint seem satisfied with answers
Then what is em waves define properly and all
What are vor errors
what is dead space
what is duct propogation I suppose

Nav VIVA Apr 2012 Questions

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Started with basics questions on definition of Course, Track, Hdg

DME Arc - How to calculate the approx distance to touchdown

Approach Chart / STAR / SID


There was a chart that was for some airline / operator specific. Can some one help
in finding out what all are the symbols used for various airlines / operators.

Lots of Mental DR questions gain time / speed reqd

Airspace Classifications- what about SAR in these air spaces- Need help on this

SLOP

Can someone tell about uncontrolled airspace. It is given at many places that in In
India there are no uncontrolled air space. But I remember during RTR classes lots
of time uncontrolled airspace was mentioned during routing.

where all other than aviation are Lambert charts used.

Given two longs on equator (Not diametrically opposite). What track to follow if
they have to meet reciprocal at the poles. Anyone any idea on this.

RVSM reqmts - what are the figures for difference between the altimeters, Altitude
hold / warning. DGCA CAR gives different figures on diff pages. Reqmt of TCASis it there or just recommended. The

Questions on notes on a Apch Chart. Don't answer without looking at the chart
even if it is too obvious an answer. As far as I know, if the controller tells you to do
something then it is understood that he is in control and doing so depending on the
traffic But I think he expected me to look at the chart and readout the note.

ETOPS, who has to approve and why? Definition. Emphasis on nil winds and
single engine cruise speeds. He kept hinting on what are the environmental factors
that are affecting.

Answers and clarifications on the above will be appreciated.


Airspace Classifications- what about SAR in these air spaces

CAR Section 9 Series E Part 1.

2.6 Classification of airspaces

2.6.1 ATS airspaces shall be classified and designated in accordance with the
following:

Class A. IFR flights only are permitted, all flights are provided with air traffic
control service and are separated from each other.

Class B . IFR and VFR flights are permitted, all flights are provided with air
traffic control service and are separated from each other.

Class C. IFR and VFR flights are permitted, all flights are provided with air
traffic control service and IFR flights are separated from other IFR flights and
from VFR flights. VFR flights are separated from IFR flights and receive traffic
information in respect of other VFR flights.

Class D. IFR and VFR flights are permitted and all flights are provided with air
traffic control service, IFR flights are separated from other IFR flights and
receive traffic information in respect of VFR flights, VFR flights receive traffic
information in respect of all other flights.

Class E. IFR and VFR flights are permitted, IFR flights are provided with air
traffic control service and are separated from other IFR flights. All flights
receive traffic information as far as is practical. Class E shall not be used for

control zones.

Class F. IFR and VFR flights are permitted, all participating IFR flights receive
an air traffic advisory service and all flights receive flight information service if
requested.

Class G . IFR and VFR flights are permitted and receive flight information
service if requested.

2.6.2 Airspace classes have been classified in AIP India ENR 1.4.

Search and Rescue

AIP India 6th Edition Gen 3.6

2. Area of responsibility

2.1.The Search & Rescue service is responsible for entire India territory including
territorial waters as well as airspace over high-seas encompassed by Chennai,
Kolkata and Mumbai FIRs.

RVSM reqmts - what are the figures for difference between the altimeters, Altitude
hold / warning. DGCA CAR gives different figures on diff pages. Reqmt of TCASis it there or just recommended.

8 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS:

8.1 The aircraft shall be equipped to meet the following minimum equipment
for RVSM operations:

8.1.1 Two independent altitude measurement systems shall be installed.


Each system shall be composed of the following elements:
a) Cross-coupled static source/system, with ice protection if
located in areas subject to ice accretion;
b) Equipment for measuring static pressure sensed by the static
source, converting it to pressure altitude and displaying the
pressure altitude to the flight crew;
c) Equipment for providing a digitally encoded signal
corresponding to the displayed pressure altitude, for automatic
altitude reporting purposes;
d) Static source error correction (SSEC)/Position Error Correction
(PEC), if needed to meet the performance criteria of paras 3.3,

3.4 or 3.6 of Annexure II attached, as appropriate; and


e) Signals referenced to a pilot selected altitude for automatic
control and alerting. These signals will need to be derived from
altitude measurement system meeting the criteria of this CAR,
and in all cases, enabling the criteria of paras 8.1.3 and 8.2.6 to
be met.

8.1.2 One secondary surveillance radar transponder (meeting TSO C112


standards) with an altitude reporting system that can be connected
to the altitude measurement system in use for altitude keeping.

8.1.3 Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS II) (meeting TSO


C119b standards) to improve the safety level of flights operating
within RVSM airspace.

8.1.4 An altitude alerting system that alerts the crew aurally and visually if
displayed altitude deviates from the selected altitude by more than
300 feet (for aircraft for which application for type certification was
made on or before April 9, 1997) or 200 feet (for aircraft for which
application for type certification is made after April 9, 1997).

8.1.5 An automatic altitude control system shall be required which shall


be capable of controlling altitude within tolerance band of 15

metres ( 50 feet) about commanded altitude, when operated in the


altitude hold mode in straight and level flight under non turbulent,
non gust conditions.

ACAS II is required.
Hey guys gave my Radio Aids ATPL orals yesterday in Chennai.

First thing he did was pull out an IFR chart and asked me a few questions about
symbols, etc. IFR plates, asked me lot of questions and then asked me how I would
do a CANPA approach using the chart.

Questions asked were

AWR - principle and explain


Secondary Radar
Machmeter, why is it required, explain the functioning.
Compass errors
What is an ADC and how does it work ( inputs, outputs etc)
What is EPR and explain why it is used
hey guys!
i had my oral today for radio as well as for nav......
its was pretty easy......quite general stuff.....in nav dey might ask u stuff frm
projections, app plates, enroute charts......ETOPS for sure, min fuel reqired for jets,

diff between alternate n suitable aerodrome, don't forget to do performance related


topics sch as C.G position effects on range, wn shud u report ATC ( variation frm
filed TAS, change in ETA at fix etc.).......effect of wt on glide .......a/s req for max
glide), type of projection on enroute chart.....etc
Don't 4get to do performance n flt plannin que.

For radio...its pretty basics bt u shud be clear abt funda's......hw actually things
work.......dey might ask u sumthin out of da box bt if u apply little logic u wud b
able to ans dose! they won't cover mch abt auto systems, engine insruments n ol...!!

All da best to u guys!!


Done with my oral today only gen nav
Asked me to locate isogonal lines,ifr and vfr airports,grid mora and its def.,locate
symbol for route communication frequency in the enroute charts section.
Draw non standard holding pattern for 300 inbound and tell all three entry points.
Etops different categories 75,120 and 180.etops entry and exit point.
Terrestrial magnetism
where is papi light located left or right side tell from approach plate got confused
in this ques.
Thats all i can recall
Gen Nav questions asked at Bombay today:
1. Explain RVSM. Is TCAS mandatory? If you were to fly from Bombay to
London how would you find out which airspaces mandatorily require you to have
TCAS?
2. Looking at the Sunrise/Sunset table in the Jepp Manual please get the sunrise
time in Bombay for today? Is this time LMT, UTC, or IST? Please find the IST
timing

3. Explain Grid MORA, Symbols - RVSM, FIR boundary, WX frequency, and


Airspaces
IN ATPL RadioAids & Inst'mnts ORALS:
Do they ask
1) Approach Charts, IFR Charts, etc..
2) Holding Pattern questions on entries etc..
3) Radio Aids & Instruments Regs. example: failure of radio comm. in VFR, IFR
etc..
Ok guys cleared my ATPL CG Viva ie. radio aids and nav together.

Questions asked:-

1. CPDLC !!! (That was the first question).

2. ADS/CPDLC what is the difference.

3. Charts (MEA, MOCA, MORA, Grid MORA)

4. What type of projection ? Where is the standard Parallels ?

5. Lamberts Conical Conformal - Explain in depth.

6. What is conformal ??

7. RVSM & Requirements.

8. ETOPS.

9. Mach Meter - A thorough Explanation.

10. ASI - Explain.

11. Wx Radar failure once airborne will you return ? Monsoon has been
declared. :- Sir, if the Sig Wx Chart has any weather enroute, it would call for any
immediate return, Under what conditions will you continue esp if its an QTA at the
destination. Sir, if I will check the enroute wx for the total flight time to and back.
If no significant Wx, I will go through my MEL. If my MEL says its an
compulsory requirement then if the aerodrome is Isolated/Non Maintenance
Equipped then I will turn back so that the airline can fix the equipment or provide
an alternate option to the PAX.
(I could see in their reaction that this was my trump card question)

12. Low Visibility Procedures !!! GUYS FOR THE FIRST TIME ON PPRuNe..
This is being mentioned here. They are definitely asking LVP nowadays.
After answering their question, they smiled and said, this is not DGCA but the
CAA where you are from .

13. CMV - Calculated Met Visib.

14. Slop.

Followed by an "ALL THE BEST" .

ps. guys I didnt use any books. Just used google to open websites and made my
own notes which I can understand & this has helped me super big time. Had I
studied from oxford or other books, I would have screwed it up. Thanks.
Thanks for the advise..

I checked & YES I passed.. Both NAV & RADIO AIDS Orals.....

Question asked:

1st question: what is your strongest topic??


Then followed by: personal details etc & then following:
Lambert properties
Transaverse mercator
Jeppeson chart
Performance questions
CP PNR questions
RVSM

RADIO AIDS

What is background?
What is your stringest topic?
Why should we pass you??
Then following:
DME
ILS
Transponder
INS IRS
GYROS

At the end, Best of for the future...

The examiners sounded tough but at the end, were decently fair in asking
questions...

Anyone looking to pass, pls read the entire thread, no surprise questions were
asked to anyone in my group

Mumbai VIVA Nov 12 Questions Reqd

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Friends answers required on the following Nav Qs asked in Apr

There was a chart that was for some airline / operator specific. Can some one help
in finding out what all are the symbols used for various airlines / operators.

Airspace Classifications- what about SAR in these air spaces-

Can someone tell about uncontrolled airspace. It is given at many places that in In
India there are no uncontrolled air space. But I remember during RTR classes lots
of time uncontrolled airspace was mentioned during routing.

where all other than aviation are Lambert charts used.

Given two longs on equator (Not diametrically opposite). What track to follow if
they have to meet reciprocal at the poles. Anyone any idea on this.

Answers and clarifications on the above will be appreciated.

Some Info now

Questions on notes on a Apch Chart. Don't answer without looking at the chart
even if it is too obvious an answer. As far as I know, if the controller tells you to do
something then it is understood that he is in control and doing so depending on the
traffic But I think he expected me to look at the chart and readout the note.

ETOPS, who has to approve and why? Definition. Emphasis on nil winds and
single engine cruise speeds. He kept hinting on what are the environmental factors
that are affecting.
ATPL radio aids viva on 06/12/2012 - Mumbai

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1) def of wavelength


2) calculate frequency, wavelength is 1.5 KM
3) draw and explain limacon
4) explain ILS
5) major draw back of ILS ( he wanted to here false glide slope interception)
6) can u do ILS approach without Outer marker
7) what should be your height at 3NM on 3deg glide slope
8) explain gyros
9) what is wonder in gyros
Dec 2012 - BOM

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1)Employment Status - Where? Hours on Type? Total Time etc.

Gen. Nav 2)Whats the shape of the Earth?


3)Whats is Compression?

4)Define Lat & Long verbatim


5)Define GC & Rhumb Line
6)Define Nautical Mile & Convergency
7)Projections - Whats the best?
8)Tell me everything I should know about Lamberts - Construction, Definitions,
Properties etc.
9)Jepp Charts - Definite grilling for about 10 mins on various Intricacies.
10)Whats Orthomorphism?
11)Whats Airway width on land and on water?
12)ETOPS - Quite a lot of questions there.

Radio Aids & Instrumentation 1)Whats a wave? Whats a Radio Wave? How do I produce a radio wave?
2)A-B wave travels in 5 micro secs. Whats the dist. between A & B?
3)Describe RNAV
4)Define RNP
5)Difference between RNAV 1 & RNP-1?
6)GPS - Tell me everything about it.
7)Detail out the Errors in GPS.
8)What is RAIM?
9)IVSI - Draw and explain everything you know about it. Incl. errors.
10)What is a Gyro?
11)Properties of Gyros

12)What is Wander?
13) Explain Wander, its types, formulae to calc. Drift and Topple.
14) Formulae of Precession
15) Explain various types of Gyros.

Followed by - You've done well.Congratulations and all the best

Following questions were asked


1. SLOP
2. ASI errors
3. INS & IRS
4. Type of projection used on Jeppesen charts and where are the std Parallels
mentioned
5. RVSM contingency procedures.
6. ETOPS Enroute alternate alternate Dispatch requirements.
7. ETOPS Adequate and Suitable Airfield.
8. Jeppesen Enroute charts & ILS app Charts (Why is the GS crossing Alt
mentioned in briefing?)
9. Grid MORA definition
10. ILS Categories
11. which category of ILS is the DH refered to
12. Can a wrong coordinates be fed in to the INS and will the system accept?
13. What is the MDA/ DA and what are the actions at these points.

14. CANPA & CDFA


15. What is SSB and where is it used
16. selcal HOW DOES IT WORK
17. CPDLC
18. skip distance and that happens in which band
19. Explanation for symbols on charts
20. Identify RVSM way point on
chart.http://images.ibsrv.net/ibsrv/res/sr...lies/sowee.gif
@livetokill
i have posted etops alternate requirements, not operating minima. i beleieve that
was what was asked.

as far as ur doubt on alternate minima for ifr flt planning/dispatch, the figures u
quote are applied in FAA/TC and are not icao procedure.
india doesnt actually specify alternate minima for airports. they specify aerodrome
operating minima for each airport and i beleive the same are used for alternate
planning. but im not 100% sure of the last bit. will try and confirm this with a
professional dispatcher in one of the major airlines.

Now, coming to viva questions, sorry i have been a bit lazy.


had my vivas on 7th but posting the Qs now.

NAV
1. what is true north, magnetic north, compass north. diff b/w them all
2. define latt, long? what is prime meridian ?what is time zone?

3. which is more accurate dme-dme fix or gps fix?


4. explain rvsm. what is it? why is is needed? what are the eqpt reqd? below 290 is
1000 seperation, above 290 also 1000 ft, then why is it reduced, it is same..explain!
5. what is etops, explain in ur own words whatever u know abt it. categories?
6. explain canpa/cdfa in ur own words. how is it diff from normal non prec.
approach?
7. define msa. show it in approach chart (he opens a random approach plate in the
jeppesen binder lying in front of him). where is the highest obstacle in this
approach chart?
8. tell me abt mora. which chart is it found on (enroute). what does it mean in
terms of clearance.

RADIO AIDS
1. explain working of ndb. show me with diagrams. name all the errors. explain
night effect error. explain whats happening inside the device at the loop antenna
during night error. within what dist from ndb can night error be ignored?
2. explain ils. what are the antennas used. where are they located on the ground?
where is the dme antenna placed if its ILS/DME installation. explain false glide
slope. why does it happen. how do u avoid it? how will u know when flying ils
approach if u r on false glide slope.
3. explain radar basic theory. types of radar (primary/secondary). example of
primary (i said AWR). explain working and modes of awr. what is the frequency
used? why? what are types of beams used? why? what is gain?
oral question at chennai

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------NAV

1. explain 1 in 60 rule, how will u apply it to get cross wind component on finals.
2. what projetion does jeppesen use? how many std parallels? where are they
depicted on the chart?
3. What all types of boundaries are shown on the charts? symbols for these
boundaries?Grid MORA- how is it calculated?
4. RNAV and RNP, definition and diffrence. RVSM contingency procedures. HOW
much difference betn capt and co-pilot altimeter is permitted to continue rvsm?
why rvsm?
5. Mass and Balance - what is BOW, its significance? what is MTOW, its
significance?
6. whats CANPA? diff betn DA and MDA? whats DDA? why 50 ft is added, why
not 60 or 40 ft? is it same for all ac, for lighter ac it should be less?

RADIO AIDS

1. whats duct propogation? which freq band?


2. Night effect of ndb - explain? how much range reduction takes place due to this?
3. INS-principle. Gyros -explain wander
4. SELCAL -explain
5. Auto-pilot principle of operation!!!
6. whats yaw damper?!!!
7. SSB? why is it required?
8. whats amplitude and freq modulation? Give some examples of where is it used?

9. diff betn VOR and DVOR? why is it called doppler? how is freq modulation
used in DVOR?
10. why is machmeter preferred over TAS in high level navigation?
11. what SSR? diff betn mode a, c and s?
12. ASI errors, effect of diff blockages.
ATPL NAV and Radio Orals Chennai April 2013 attempt

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------First of all they ask is tell us about urself? what have u done? if employed? where?
etc. On the basis of this they decide which questions to ask. For a fresher they will
mostly stick to theoretical questions from the book whereas for an experienced
candidate, questions can range from basics to practical aspects of flying(eg one
A320 pilot got asked where is the location of ELT in the cockpit?)

Next question which they seemed to be asking a lot of candidates is..Where is the
syllabus for ATPL oral exam? (I said CAR..)

General Nav
1) Field limited TOW?
2)Climb limited TOW?
3)What is Climb gradient?
4) If flaps are used how would it affect the TOW?
He then got into enroute charts..Highlighted an area and told me to explain
everything i could see in that area

5)definitions-Mea, Moca, Grid Mora


6)Can Moca be less than Grid Mora? (Yes because Moca is only for the width of
the airway whereas Grid Mora is for the entire Grid)
7)Show RNAV waypoints, compulsory reporting points, flyover waypoints
8)Explain the difference between Lambert Conformal Conical Chart and Mercator
Cylindrical Projection Chart?
9)What is constant of cone? why is it used and what is its significance?
10)In lamberts if scale reduces between std parallels and is least at the parallel of
origin then why do we still use it?
11)You are the captain. You are doing an ETOPS flight. What will be your action if
the weather at the alternate falls below the ETOPS minima?
case 1- You are just about to enter the ETOPS segment
case 2- You are in ETOPS segment
12) What is adequate aerodrome and suitable aerodrome?which is better?why?

Radio Aids and instruments


1)How is IRS different from INS?
2)What is ring l@ser gyro? Draw and explain.
3)What are the errors of artificial horizon? Which type of gyro is it
4)Which type of gyro is directional gyro?
5)ASI blockage readings in climb and descent?
6)Altimeter blockage readings in climb and descent?
7)Whats the relation between frequency and wavelength?

8)What happens to speed of light as we go up? (Remains constant)


9)What happens to speed of sound as we go up?
10)Which instrument gets affected because of this?
11)If Mach no is ratio of TAS/LSS then why doesnt it get affected?
12)In LSS=38.94*sq.rt (T in degree kelvin) why is T expressed in degrees kelvin?
13)Which component gets affected more due to low temp at high altitudes static
pressure or dynamic pressure?
14)Explain the working of VOR? its limitations?
15)What is DVOR? how does it remove site error?
16)What is TCAS 2? what indications does it give?
17)What do you tell the ATC when you receive TCAS RA?
18)On what instrument do you get TCAS indications?
19)Tell me another SSR instrument onboard the aircraft? (ans. DME)
20)What are the errors of DME?
21)Which type of propagation does it use? Range given by which formula?
22) Overhead the beacon what range information will DME give?
23)Which instrument gets affected because of skywaves?How does it affect?
24)At night coverage of NDB increases or decreases? till what range? (ans.
decreases. we can use it till 70nm)
25)What is Mcrit?
26)Why is Mach no used after a certain level in climb?
27)Can we determine at what altitude will the coffins corner be by looking at IAS?
hi everyone,

I had cleared my radio aids & instrument oral in april 2013 attempt but couldn't
make it in nav.

The following questions were asked to me this time:1) What is latitude, longitude, rhumb line?
2) What is earth's compression?
3) What is orthomorphism?
4) What is convergency?formula?
5) Tell me everything you know about mercator and lambert projection? (explain
everything construction, properties, shapes of rhumb line, G.C., scale variation etc)
6) What is transverse and oblique mercator?
7) What is GPS?
8) There was a VOR approach plate, was asked to brief him the approach.
What is the MSA, FAF?
MSA was 2600', he asked if coming inbound ATC clears you to descend to 2600' at
26nm would you descend?(I said yes i would descend as i am coming inbound i
will enter the msa shortly. I dont know if its correct because technically msa clears
obstacles uptill 25nm only )
Tell me the missed approach procedure of this approach.
9) He took an enroute chart and asked me to locate a particular location (jodhpur)
in the chart? (ans. locate it by opening the page where the page nos are written
across the location name, eg. jodhpur pg7c etc they want to see you do this)
And what are the standard parallels of this chart?

Thats it, you can go now

My last attempt at nav orals was pathetic, but this time it was good, hopefully, i
will clear this time.

ATPL viva questions July 2013

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1) What is balanced field length? TODR=ASDR


2) What are the factors affecting TODR?
3) What is the MTOW for your aircraft?
4) For B737-800 and for A330, the TODR will remain the same or it is different?
5) What are the checks u do before entering EEP?
6) Why APU is mandatory? Is it a legal requirement?
7) What it does?
8) what procedure you follow in case of turbulence?
9) When you disconnect the thrust, what happens?
10) Does the MN is maintained? Or it keep changing?
11) why it is important to maintain the MN at a high altitude and not IAS?
12) what happens in case of IAS going up n down? What r ur actions?
13) what is ADC? From where does it gets input from? And where does the output
go?
14) explain IRS?

15) MNPS airspace flying what RNP?


16) equipment a required for flying into MNPS airspace?
17) what is MN technic? Do we use in domestic airspace?
18) explain ILS glide path? How it works? explain how the a/c maintain the glide?
19) where is glide path located?
20) your a/c is approved for ht ILS category?
21) state ILS minima? For your a/c?
22) where you'll. find the minima for your a/c?
23) where will you find the ILS minima? Which document you'll look for?
23) what is CAR? How many sections are there?
24) If ILS fails what indication you will get?
25) what projections your enroute chart uses?
26) state important properties of enroute chart?
27) what do you mean by orthomorphic chart?
28) what is the upper limit of Lambert chart?
29) what is back course approach?
30) is your aircraft is approved for B/C?
31) what is special operations?

I could answer many of them, just hoping for the best results!!!.

ATPL VIVA JUNE 2014, MAA

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Hi all,
I appeared for Nav & Radio orals together on 16th June 2014 at MAA,answered
almost 70% but failed both.

Here are the questions.


-errors of NDB,
- most sig error in DME
- diff between CVOR & DVOR
- define RVSM,what are the contingencies
- equipments needed for RVSM
- what is SLOP
- what is etops
- define etops entry point
- what is the diff between RNP1. & RNP 10
- what is improved climb?
- what are the departure segments
- define lda & balanced field length
- effect of take off roll in a sloped rwy.
- height of screen height for wet rwy
- lvto
- diff between IRS & INS
- how is aligning done

- what happens if wrong lat/long are put while aligning


viva question

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------hello
was asked the following questions in del 08/09/14 (nav)
1. what cg position is better forward or aft
2. explain abt ALD, LDR.
3. explain convergency angle,
4. explaing rnp, rnav
5. wht is rnp 5
6. what are Q routes (ex mum-del)
hey

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------guys just had my orals for the october attempt was giving radio and gen nav some
of the questions that i could recollect are:-

RADIO
2)YOU HAVE A ENGINE FAILURE IN A 737 AFTER THAT U HAVE A RA ON
YOUR TCAS ASKING YOU TO CLIMB, WHAT WILL BE YOUR NEXT
ACTION?

I had told them that if aircraft in normal conditions i would have answered the
above question but engine failure dont know sir , so then the answer they gave was
U CHANGE YOUR AIRCRAFT MODE TO TA FROM RA THEN IT ONLY
TELLS YOU "TRAFFIC TRAFFIC" AND FOR THE INTRUDER AIRCRAFT IT
NOW KNOWS THAT U R NOT FOLLOWING YOUR RA ANYMORE AND
HIS RA WILL COORDINATE WITH MY AIRCRAFT
ACCORDINGLY...PHEW..

3)HOW DO YOU REDUCE ISO CLUTTER I AN AWR IN A MODERN


AIRCRAFT ?
again didnt know much about it except its to do something with the swept gain ,
anyway so the answer to this is THERE IS A BUTTON THE PANEL WHICH
SAYS GCS GROUND CLUTTER SUPRRESS.

4)WHAT IS SELCALL?
THIS ONE I BELIEVE MOST OF US HERE CAN ANSWER.

5)WHAT IS ELT406?
EMERGENCY LOCATOR TRANSMITTER BEACON TRANSMITTS ON
406MHZ FREQUNCY FOR SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS.

6)WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EGPWS AND GPWS TELL US


ALL THE ALERTS , MODES AND WARNINGS ?
THIS IS A DIRECT QUESTION ITS DERE IN GSP AND OXFORD BOOKS
ALSO REMEMBER TO TALK ABOUT MODE 7 WHICH GIVES REACTIVE
WINDSHEAR.

7)DO YOU GET A PICTURE ON YOUR AWR RADAR SCREEN OF A


WINDSHEAR?
I TOLD THEM WE GET AUDIO AND VISUAL ALERTS BUT NOT SURE OF
A PICTURE ON THE AWR SCREEN.

8)ON GROUND CAN YOU SWITCH ON YOUR TCAS WHILE TAXING AND
WHAT DOES IT GIVE TA OR RA?
I TOLD THEM NOT SURE SIR ABOUT SWITCHING IT ON GROUND , THE
ANSWER IS YOU CAN SWITCH IT ON AND YOU GET ONLY TA.

THATS IT GUYS ALL THIS LASTED FOR ABT 10-15 MINS STUDY DEEP, IF
YOU KNOW YOUR STUFF WELL THEY WILL CLEAR YOU. ALL THE BI
was asked about

rvsm.
Mnps
edto vs etops
holding patterns with speed and wind corrections
climb segments
rod calculations
atpl cross country requirement
enroute charts '
taxi charts '
EST
hello,

I gave both, but cleared only Nav, there were two people on the panel. I was asked
the following

MNPS: where do they exist, I had read only about NAT MNPS so told them
Atlantic Ocean,but he wasn't satisfied

Difference between RNAV and RNP

In Dubai if we lose RVSM capability and are out of radar coverage how much will
we have to deviate to get out of the airway? I don't know the answer to this one,
please let me know. I said it should be 15nm but he said we will get into another
airway.

Going from Bom to Cok out of radar coverage have to deviate 50nm due weather
will we climb or descend?

Can we fly Anoli1A if we do not have gps?

Variation line in Jeppesen

If we have blocked AOA probes what do we do to ADR? A320 question

If we enter a speed lower than green dot in the fmgs will the aircraft decelerate?

On a 3 degree GP what is our height at 4.5 nm

What is the ROD on a 4 degree GP if GS is 120kt? I couldn't get this one either,
please let me know
OCT 2015 NAV VIVA QUESTIONS

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. 3 nm in on 3 deg ILS, what is your height.


2. Established on ILS , G/S goes out, what will you do?
3. Advantages of IRS
4. CP, PNR
5. Difference between RNAV and RNP approaches
6. How does aircraft maintain an RNP 0.5 approach/Track
7. Can IRS be aligned in air? And why?
8. What will you do if you loose IRS data in flight?
9. What is more accurate, DME approach or GPS approach?
10. How does FMS generate aircraft's position?
I was also asked
1. Altimeters
2. VOR
3. MNPS
4. RVSM
5. ADF ERRORS.

JULY 2016, DELHI

GEN NAV
NAV
1) define FAF
2) SLOP
3) RRSM, what is RRSM- reduced runway separation minima
4) DDA, what is this ?
5) diff between RNAV 5 and RNAV 10, where it used and give example
6) enroute chart projection

Radio AIDS

Radio
1) what all instruments in your aircraft
2) what are advantages of MLS Over ILS
3) significance of outer marker
4) DVOR and VOR difference, why DVOR IS BETTER??
5) RVSM contingency, in case of instrument failure
6) what is RVSM
7) things to remember while entering from RVSM to non RVSM airspace
8) which all gyros are there name any two
9) DGI has which gyro

10) TSI has which gyro


11) GPWS all modes, how many are there in GPWS AND HOW MANY in
EGPWS
12) What is mode 7, predictive or reactive ?
13) what is predictive wind shear
14) instruments for RVSM