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# 1617 - 12S AP AB Math Top 58 Questions (31/07/2016)

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## 12S AP AB Math Top 58 Questions

Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 4
1.

Given: x and y are functions of time t that are related by the equation y 2 3 xy .
a)

dy
dx
8 . Find
dt
dt

b)

## Find the gradient of the curve.

c)

Find the point(s), if they exist where the curve has a horizontal tangent.

d)

Find the set of points which belong to C where the line tangent to the curve is

1
parallel to y x .
3
Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 5

2.

Given:
a)

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dy 1
x y 2.
dx 3

Sketch a slope field for the given equation at the plotted nine points in the
coordinate plane.
y

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d2y
.
dx 2

b)

## In terms of x and y find

c)

d2y
Find the inequality that describes the region in the xy-plane for which all
>0.
dx 2

d)

## y f x is a particular solution to the differential equation with the initial

condition f 0 2 . Does f(x) has a turning point at x = 0? What is its nature?

e)

## Determine the values of the constants a and b, for which y ax b is a solution

to the differential equation.

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 6

3.

Given y e3 x x ......... C .
2

a)

b)

## Find the area limited by the graph of (C) and y = 1 and y = 2.

c)

Find an expression for the volume generated when the region limited by the graph
of (C) and y = 2 is rotated 2 about y = 1.

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 6

4.

bg

Given y f x where

dy
y 11 2 x .
dx

d2y
at (3, 2).
dx 2
dy
y 11 2 x with the initial condition f 3 2 .
b) Solve
dx
a)

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Find

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5.

2

a)

## Find the area of the region S

b)

When region S is revolved about the x-axis a solid is generated, find the volume
of this solid.

c)

The region S is the base of a solid. Consider each cross section, of this solid,
perpendicular to the horizontal axis as a rectangle whose height is three times the
width, where the width is bounded by the graphs of the given functions. Find the
volume of the solid.

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 3 & 5

6.

3x 3
The function m x is given by m x
3x 3

when
when

0 x3

3 x 0

## If also given that g x m t dt 3

0

a)

b g b g

b g

Find g 1 , g 1 , and g 1 .

c)

## d) Sketch the graph of g(x) for 1 x 1.

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 5

7.
Distance x (mm)
Diameter L(x) (mm)

0
20

50
25

100
20

150
35

200
28

250
27

300
35

Suppose that a water pipe is 300 millimeters (mm) long with circular cross sections of
varying diameter. The table given above gives the measurements of the diameter of
the water pipe at selected points along the length of the water pipe, where x represents
the distance from one end of the water pipe and L(x) is a twice-differentiable function
that represents the diameter at that point.
a)

Give an integral expression in terms of L(x) that represents the average radius,
in mm, of the water pipe between x = 0 and x = 300.

b)

Give an approximate value of your answer from part (a) using the data from
the given table and a midpoint Riemann sum with three subintervals of equal
length. Show all your working.

c)

L x
Explain the meaning of the expression
dx in terms of the water
2
90
pipe, using proper units.

d)

Why there must be at least one value x, for 0 < x < 300, such that L x 0 .

250

8.

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## Given: g x 3x g x for all real numbers x, where g(2) = 15.

a)

Find

b)

Solve

d
g x at x 2
dx
dy
3x y with the initial condition g(2) = 15.
dx

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 6

9.

f x is differentiable over

bg

The table gives the values of f and its derivative f . f x 0 for x 2.5,1 .
x

bg
f b x g
f x

-2.5

-2.0

-1.5

0.5

-2

-6

-8

-3

-1

-5

-3

-6

-7

-2

10

a)

3 f x 5 dx .

1.5

b)

i)

## Find the equation of the line tangent to the graph of f at x = 0.5.

ii)

Approximate the value of f 0.4 , using the equation of the tangent line.

iii) Compare the approximate value of f 0.4 , to the actual value of f 0.4 .
c)

Find a positive real number r having the property that there must exist a value c

bg

## with 1 c 0 and f c r . Give a reason for your answer.

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10.

## The graph of g x is given above. g x has a tangent of slope = 0 at x = 7,

x = 2 and x = 5 and a tangent of an undefined slope at x = 4.
In each of the following, you should justify your answer by showing all working.
Over the interval 9,9 ,

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a)

b)

c)

d)

## Find the value of x at which g attains its absolute maximum?

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11.

## Given the function g x 2 x3 mx 2 nx r , where m, n and r are constants. The

following information is given about g(x):
i)

ii)

a)

b)

Assume that

0

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 3 & 5

12. Given the graphs of the two curves y x2 and y 1 x3 . The region A in the first
quadrant is bounded by y x2 and y 1 x3 and the y-axis and the region B in the
first quadrant is bounded by the two curves and the x-axis.

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a)

b)

## Find the area of B.

c)

Find the volume of the solid generated when A is revolved about the x-axis.

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13.
2.5

y
2

1.5

0.5

0
-0.5

0.5

1.5

-0.5

## The graph of g x e x / 2 sin x3 is shown above, g is the first derivative of the

function g(x) defined for x 0 with g(0) = 0.
a)

Using the graph of g , what type of concavity if any, does g x represent when
1.3 x 1.6 . Explain.

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b)

c)

## Write the equation of the line tangent to the graph of g x at x = 1.

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 3, 5

14.

Velocity
(meters per second)

v(t)
15
10

(5,10)

(12,10)

5
O

10 12 15
Time (seconds)

(20,0)
t
20

## A motorcycle is traveling on a straight road for 0 t 20 seconds, the motorcycles

velocity v(t) in m/s is represented by the graph above.
20

a)

## Find v t dt , give its unit and explain its meaning.

0

b)

Find v 5 and v 16 if any of these values does not exist state so give the unit of

c)

measure of v 16 .
Express a(t), the acceleration of the motorcycle as a piecewise defined function.

d)

## Find the average rate of change of v when 8 t 16 , knowing that v 16 5 .

e)

Does the Mean Value Theorem guarantee a value of K, K 8,16 such that

## v K equals the average rate of change? Explain.

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 7

15. Given: g x 3kxe4kx , k 0
a)

Find
i)

lim g ( x)

ii) lim g ( x)
x

b)

## Find the absolute maximum value of g x explaining why your answer is an

absolute maximum.

c)

16.

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## At any time t 0 , in days, the rate of growth of bacteria population is given by y ky ,

where k is a constant and y is the number of bacteria present. The initial population is
1,500 and the population doubled during the first 6 days.
a)

b)

## At what time t, will the population have increased by a factor of 8?

c)

By what factor will the population have increased in the first 12 days?

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book, Chapter 4 & 6

17.

(3, 2)

(3,2)

(5,3)

(4,0)

(5,2)

Graph of f

2
5
3
Find g 1 , g 1 and g 1 . If the value does not exist, state so.

a)

b)

## Find the abscissa(s) of the point of inflection of g when 5 x 5 . Justify your

answer.
5

c)

If h x f t dt where 5 x 5 .
x

## i) Find x such that h x 0 .

ii) Find all intervals on which h x is decreasing.

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book, Chapter 7

18.

1
is graphed when x 0 . If A is the
x 1
region bounded by the graph of f, the x-axis and y-axis and the line x = m; and B is the
region
in
the
first
quadrant
bounded
by
the
line
x = m, the graph of f x and x 3, 0 m 3
Consider the graph of the function f x

a)

b)

## Find the volume generated when A is revolved about the x-axis.

c)

Find m such that the volume when B is revolved about the x-axis is half that of A
when revolved about x-axis.

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19.

## The graph of f is shown in the diagram below.

a)

For 6 x 6 , find all the values of x at which f has a relative maximum, give
reasons.

b)

c)

d)

If

given

that

f 6 10 ,

find

the

absolute

maximum

f x , 6 x 6 .

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 1

20. Solve the differential equation y x y , given that when x = 3, y = 25.
Write an expression for in the form y g x .

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value

of

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## 21. Consider the two function: h t et 1 ; k t

a)

1
ln t 1 .
2

Find the area of the region formed by the graphs of f and g between t

1
3

and t = 0.5.
b)

Find the volume of the solid generated when the region formed by the graphs of f
and g between t

c)

1
and t = 0.5 is revolved about the line y = 3.
3

For the function n t h t k t , find the absolute minimum and the absolute

1 1
maximum on , .
3 2
Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 7

22. Given a cone with vertex pointed downwards, whose radius is 10 cm and height double
its radius. Water is pumped into the cone so that the depth of the water h is changing at
the constant rate of

1
cm/hr, and the radius of the water surface is r.
4

a)

## Find the volume V of water in the container when h = 8 cm.

b)

Find the rate of change of the volume of water in the container, with respect to
time, when h = 8 cm.

c)

Find the relation between the rate of change of the volume of water and the
surface area of the water. (Hint: directly proportional).

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book, Chapter 4

23.

t
(seconds)
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
40

v(t)
(meter per seconds)
0
10
18
25
50
60
73
82
70
50
73

The velocity v(t) of a train in m/s for 0 t 40 is given in the table which gives values
of v(t) at 4 second intervals of time t.
a)

b)

c)

40

d)

Approximate

v t dt

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 6

24. Given h x x3 4 x , and m is a tangent line to the graph of h with equation
y x 2 . Let S be the region bounded by the graph of h, the line m:

a)

Sketch the graph of the given function h and the tangent line m.

b)

c)

## Find the area of region S.

d)

Find the volume of the solid generated when the region in the second quadrant
bounded by the graph of h x and the x-axis is rotated about the x-axis.

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## Grade 12 S ,NS Book ,Chapter 3

25.

The figure shows the graph of y h x , for x 1, 6 . The given graph has a
horizontal tangent lines at x = 2 and x = 4. The function h is twice differentiable and

h 3 2 .
a)

Find the abscissa of each of the points of inflection of the graph of h. Justify.

b)

For what value of x does h reach its absolute minimum value over 1, 6 ?

c)

For what value of x does h reach its absolute maximum value over 1, 6 ?

d)

## Given a function g defined by g x x h x . Find an equation of the line

tangent to the graph of g at x = 3.

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## Grade 12 S ,NS Book ,Chapter 5

26. Given
a)

dy
x 4 y 1 .
dx

Sketch a slope field for the given differential equation at the twelve points
indicated.

b)
c)

The slope field is defined at every point in the xy-plane. Describe all points in the
xy-plane for which the slopes are negative.
Find the particular solution y g x to the given differential equation with the
initial condition g 0 0

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## Grade 12 S ,NS Book ,Chapter 4 & 6

27.
Expansion
in cm
(x)
10
7
5
1
0

Temperature
M(x)
100
80
75
63
60

The table gives some values of the x, in cm, and the corresponding values of the
temperature M x in degrees Celsius (C). The function M x is increasing and
twice differentiable.
a)

b)

## Give an integral expression in terms of M(x) for the average temperature.

c)

Estimate the average temperature using a trapezoidal sum with the four
subintervals using the data given in the table.
10

0

10

M x dx
0

28.

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Let f x 1 cos x
a)

b)

c)

## Write the equation of the line normal to the curve at x

d)

3
If Rolles theorem applicable for f x in the interval ,
2 2

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29.

## Given the function by g x x3 2 x 2 3x 2 2cos x , Let R be the shaded region in

the quadrant II bounded by the graph of g, the x-axis and y-axis. S is the region
bounded by the graph of g and line t, which is tangent to the graph of g at x 1.5 .
a)

b)

## Find the volume of the solid generated when R is rotated about y = 1.

c)

Without actually evaluating, write an integral expression for the area of region of
S.

30.

## Let R be the region in the first quadrant bounded by f x

2x
3x 2 2

, 1 x 6

a)

Find the exact value for the area R, show all your work.

b)

The line x k divides the area R into two equal parts, find the value of k.

c)

31.

x3
, the line
2 x2

a)

b)

## Find the area of M.

c)

Find the volume of the solid generated when M is revolved about the line
y = 0.

d)

Find the volume of the solid whose base is the region M if the cross sections taken
perpendicular to the x-axis are equilateral triangles.

06/MH

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## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 4

32.
t
(min)
0

v(t)
(km/min)
8.0

10.3

10

18.2

15

8.0

20

14.5

25

12.6

30

13.6

35

14.3

40

19.7

A particle moves in a straight line with positive velocity v(t), in km per min at time t
minutes, where v is a differentiable function of t. Values of v(t) 0 t 40 are shown in
the given table.
a)

Use a left point Riemann sum with four subintervals of equal length and values
40

v t dt .

40

v t dt

## in terms of the particle motion.

b)

Using the values in the table, find the smallest number of instances at which the
acceleration of the particle could equal to zero on the (0, 40)? Justify your
answer.

c)

0 t 40 .

## i) Calculate the distance covered in the given interval.

ii) Calculate the average velocity in the given interval.

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33.

a)

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dy
x ( y 1)2 .
dx

dy
dx

Point
(-1, 0)
(0, 0)
(1, 0)
(2, 1)
(1, 1)
(0, 1)
(-1, 1)
(-2, 1)
b)

## Sketch the slope field at the 8 points given in the table.

c)

Use the slope field of the given differential equation to explain why a solution
could not have the graph shown below.
y

-2

-1

x
1

-1

d)

Find the particular solution y f ( x) to the given differential equation with the
initial condition f (0) 1 .

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34.

35.

x 2 1
x 3

a)

## Find c such that f c 0

b)
c)

Find f 2
Draw the graph of f

d)

If y 2 2 xy, at t 4 , y 2 and

dy
dx
.
6 , find
dt
dt

A pool has 1550 gallons of water at t 0 . During the time 0 t 15 hours, water is
1600
gallons/hr and during the same time,
flowing into the pool at a rate of I t
1 sin 2 x

water is removed from the pool at a rate of O t 12ln x 2 2 gallons per hour.
a)

How many gallons of water are flowing into the pool during the interval
0 t 12 ?

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b)

c)

## How many gallons of water are there at t 6 ?

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36.

## Consider the differential equation

a)

dy
2
x
y 1 1 sin
.
dx
2

Sketch the slope field for the given differential equation at the nine points
indicated.
y

b)

y = k, where k is a constant, satisfies the given differential equation, find the value
of k.

c)

## Determine the particular solution y h x to the differential equation given that

h 1 0 .
Grade 12 S, NS Book , Chapters 2 & 3
37.

## Given the velocity at time t 0 of a particle

is v t 6 5 tan 1 et . At t = 0, the particle is at x = 1.

along

x-axis

a)

b)

c)

d)

## What is the position of the particle at time t = 3?

e)

What is the direction of the particle with respect to the origin at t = 3 is it towards
or away from it?

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moving

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38.
t
(sec)

10

20

30

35

45

50

v(t)
(m/sec)

10

20

10

12

15

15

a(t)
(m/sec2)

## v t and a t are continuous functions of t, 0 t 50 , represent the velocity and

acceleration of a particle.
35

a)

v t dt

## using a trapezoidal method with four subintervals

10

from the given table and explain the meaning of your answer.
50

b)

0

c)

this?

d)

## Grade 12 S, NS Book, Slope Field

39.

2t 2
The velocity of a particle at time t is given by v t t 2 sin
. The particle
3
moves along the x-axis and at t = 0 its position is x = 1.
a)

## Find the acceleration of the particle at t = 3. Does it have an increasing or

decreasing speed at t = 3? Justify.

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b)

At what time t for 0 < t < 4 does the particle change direction? Justify.

c)

## Find the total distance traveled for 0 t 4 .

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## Level NS Calculus Chapters 2,7

40.

Given a function f defined over the set of real numbers, such that f (0) 5
f (0) 2, and f (0) 1 . f is a twice differentiable function.

## a) Find g (0) , g (0) if g ( x) 3 3 kx f ( x) .Give your answer in terms of the constant

k.
b) Given h( x) f x mx 1, m

4
5

i) Find h ( x) .
ii) Write the equation of the line normal to the graph of h when x = 0.

41.

## The position of a particle moving in the xy-plane is given by

x t sin 2t , y t 3t where t
a)

## Find the range of x t and that of y t .

b)

Find the smallest positive t such that xcoordinate of the particle is a local
maximum.

c)

d)

## Find the distance traveled by the particle from t to t . Compare the

answer with 5 .
Sketch the graph of the path of the particle indicating clearly the direction of
motion along it.

e)

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## Level NS Calculus Chapters 3

42.
Height (meters)

f(x)

x
0
The height f of the ramp in a toy is a function of x. Given that:
(i)

f (0) 0

(ii)

f (4) 1

(iii)

a)

f (0) 0
f (4) 1

## Find, if possible, the value of the constant k 0 ; so that f ( x) k x 2 satisfies the

condition in (ii).

b)

x2
satisfies
16

## the condition in (ii).

c)

Use the answer of part b to show that f ( x) does not satisfy the condition (iii)

d)

Given f ( x)

xm
m 0, n 0 . Find n so that f ( x) satisfies condition (ii) then
n

## show that f ( x) satisfies (i) and (iii).

06/MH

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## Grade 12 S ,NS Book ,Chapter 6

(A graphic calculator is needed)
43.

a)

Find the area of the region R enclosed by the graph of y 3x 1 , the vertical
line x = 3, and the x-axis.

b)

When R is revolved about the horizontal line y = 3, find the volume of the solid
generated.

c)

When R is revolved about the vertical line x = 7, find the volume of the solid
generated.

## Level NS Calculus Chapters 3

44.

A 17 foot ladder is sliding down a wall at a rate of 5 feet / sec. When the top of the
ladder is 8 feet from the ground
a)

How fast is the foot of the ladder sliding away from the wall?

b)

Let be the angle the ladder form with the horizontal floor. Find

d
dt

## Grade 12 S, NS Book ,Chapter 4

45.

A tank holds 2500 gallons of chemical solution at the time t = 0. During the time
interval, 0 t 6 hours, water is pumped into the tank at a rate P t

15t
and is
1 3t

4 t
removed from the tank at a rate R t 2 5sin
gallons per hour.
25

a)

How many gallons will be pumped out of the tank during the 6 hours period?

b)

W(t) is the volume of the solution in the tank at the time t. Write an expression
for W(t).

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c)

d)

## When is the volume of the solution minimum? Find this minimum.

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46.

Given

dy
3 x 2 y 5.
dx

dy
3 x 2 y 5.
dx

a)

b)

Find

c)

d2y
.
dx 2

## condition f (0) 2 .Approximate f (1) using Eulers method with x0 0 and

1
step size .
2
d)

Let g(x) be another solution of the differential equation with g(0) = m, where m is
a constant.
Find m if Eulers method gives the approximation g(1) = 0 starting at x0 0 with
step size = 1 .

## Level NS Calculus Chapters 4

47.

A container has the shape of a cylinder with radius r = 5 cm. the height of water in the
container is h at a given time t (seconds).
The volume of water is decreasing at a rate 3 h cm3/ s.
dh
a) Find k if k .
dt

06/MH

b)

c)

## When the container becomes empty?

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dh
k .
dt

48.

## v(t) = ln (t 2 5t 7) is the velocity of a particle moving along the xaxis (0 t 5) :

when t = 0 ; x = 5.
a)

## i) Find t; 0 t 5 at which the particle changes direction.

ii) Find the time intervals when the particle moves to the left.

b)

c)

d)

49.

x 1 2 x 5
f ( x)
5 x 8

7 x

a)

b)

## Evaluate the average of f ( x) on 2,8

c)

a x 1 for 2 x 5
Given g(x) a function defined by g ( x)
.
for 5 x 8

bx 7

## Find the values of the constants a and b if g is differentiable at x = 5.

06/MH

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## Level NS Calculus Chapters 6

50.

Water flows out of a cylindrical pipe at a rate F t given in the adjacent table.
a)

F t dt .

F t
(litres/hours )
7.8

12.5

12.7

12

15.2

16

18.2

F t 0 ? Why?

20

18.5

24

12.2

28

12.8

32

7.3

36

10.9

40

7.8

subintervals

of

equal

width

to

find

40

b)

c)

d)

Suppose

F t

that
can

F t

the

rate

of

flow

be

estimated

by

1
536 24t t 2 .

82

t
(hours)

## water flow during the period of 40 hours.

51. The rate at which cars enter a workshop on a given day is given by the function

f t

123
2

t 25t 180

The rate at which cars leave the same workshop on the same day is given by the
function g t

97
t 2 36t 360

Both f t and g t are measured in cars per hour and time t is measured in hours
after midnight, these functions are valid for 8 t 22 , the hours the workshop is open.
At time t 8 , there are no cars in the workshop.
a)

How many cars, to the nearest whole number, have entered the workshop by
6.00 P.M.?

06/MH

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## 1617 - 12S AP AB Math Top 58 Questions (31/07/2016)

b)

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The cost of repairing the car is \$20 until 6.00 P.M. After 6.00 P.M., the cost of
repairing the car is \$25. Find, to the nearest whole number, the total amount of
money collected on a given day.
t

c)

## Let K t f x g x dx for 8 t 22 . The value of K 18 to the

8

nearest whole number is 24. Find the value of K 18 and explain the
meaning of K 18 and K 18 in the context of the workshop.
52.

## Consider the differential equation

a)

dy y 2
where x 0 .

dx
x2

Sketch the slope field for the given differential equation at the nine points
indicated.
x

b)

## Find the particular solution y f x to the differential equation with the

initial condition f 3 1

c)

06/MH

## For the particular solution y f x described in part (b), find lim f x .

x

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## 1617 - 12S AP AB Math Top 58 Questions (31/07/2016)

53.

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The height, in feet, of a cylinder with constant radius is a twice differentiable function h
of time t where t is measured in minutes. For 0 t 14 , the graph of h is concave
down. The table gives selected values of the rate of change, h t , of the height of the
cylinder over time interval 0 t 14
t (minutes)

11

14

h t

6.1

3.6

3.2

2.5

2.0

1.7

a)

Use a right Riemann sum with five subintervals indicated by the data in the
14

table to approximate

0
14

h t dt

14

b)

## Is your approximation in part (a) greater or less than

h t dt ? Explain.

## 54. For a function f, f x cos x , 2 x 5

x

55.

a)

Find the values of x for which the graph has a stationary point

b)

c)

d)

## Does the tangent at x 3 lie above or below the graph of f x ?

A big rectangular reservoir of length 120 m, width 100 m and depth 50 m, contains
1,500 cubic meters of water at t 0 .
Water is leaking from the reservoir at a rate r t cubic meters per hour,

t h

12

r t

120

150

180

200

During the same time interval, water is poured in at a rate of R t 37e0.3t m3/hr.

06/MH

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## 1617 - 12S AP AB Math Top 58 Questions (31/07/2016)

a)

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Use the midpoint Riemann sum to approximate the amount of water that is
leaked during the 12 hrs.

b)

## Calculate the amount of water pumped in during the 12 hours.

c)

What is the rate of increase of the water in the reservoir at t 6 hrs and how
fast is the level of water increasing?

56.
r(t)
700
600
500
400
300
200
120

## 1.25 1.5 1.75

Time (hours)

There are 50 people waiting to go into an open air concert. The doors are open for 2
hours only and people starts going in at a rate of 400 per hour. The graph shows the rate
at which people arrive to go in during the two hours.
a)

b)

t 1?

c)

## Write an equation involving an integral expression whose solution gives the

earliest time at which there is no more people waiting to go in.

06/MH

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## 1617 - 12S AP AB Math Top 58 Questions (31/07/2016)

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57. The function f is continuous and differentiable for 3 x 4 , and f 0 3 . The graph
of f is given below.
y
(4, 2)

2
1
3

(3, 2)

a)

Find f 3 and f 3

b)

## Find the absolute maximum of f.

c)

Find the critical points for the function f and classify each.

d)

## Find the average value of f x on 3 x 4 .

58.
x
f x

3
11

3 x 1
Positive

2
9

2 x 2
Positive

2
3

2 x3
Positive

f x

Negative

Negative

Positive

g x

Negative

Positive

Positive

1
2
2

g x

Positive

5
2

positive

negative

3
8

The twice-differentiable functions f and g are defined for all real numbers x. Values of f,
f , g and g for various values of x are given in the table above.
a)
b)

06/MH

Find the x-coordinate of each relative minimum of f on the interval 3,3 . Justify
your answers.
Explain why there must be a value c, for 2 c 2 , such that f c 0 .

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c)

## The function h is defined by h x ln f x . Find h 3 . Show the computations

that lead to your answer.

d)

Evaluate

f g x g x dx

06/MH

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