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76

A jet airliner is cruising at a speed of 897.29 km/h with its engines scooping

in air at the rate of 326.58 kg/s and discharging it with a velocity of 567 m/s

relative to the plane when a control surface malfunction suddenly causes

a 20

percent increase in drag. Knowing that the pilot maintains level

20-percent

flight with the same mass flow rate and discharge relative velocity,

determine the new cruising speed. Assume that the drag due to air friction

is proportional to the square of the speed of the plane.

SOLUTION

Let

dm

= mass flow rate, u = discharge velocity relative to the airliner, v = speed of airliner, and

dt

F = thrust of the engines.

dm

(u v ) D = 0

dt

F D = 00,

Configuration before control surface malfunction:

dm

= 326.58 kg/s,

dt

u = 567 m/s,

0

(326.58)(567 249.2) D1 = 0,

Drag force factor:

D1 = k1v12 ,

k1 =

D1 = 103787 N

D1

103787

=

= 167

. Ns 2 / m 2

2

2

v1

(249.2)

k2 = 1.2k1 = 2 Ns 2 / m 2

When the new cruising speed is attained,

dm

(u v2 ) k2v22 = 0

dt

(326.58)(567 v2 ) 2 v22 = 0

Solving for v2,

v2 = 233.4 m/s

v2 = 233.4 m/s

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

761

PROBLEM 14.77

In order to shorten the distance required for landing, a jet airplane is

equipped with moveable vanes which partially reverse the direction of the

air discharged by each of its engines. Each engine scoops in the air at a

rate of 120 kg/s and discharges it with a velocity of 600 m/s relative to

the engine. At an instant when the speed of the airplane is 270 km/h,

determine the reverse thrust provided by each of the engines.

SOLUTION

Apply

Apply the

the impulse-momentum

impulse - momentumprinciple

principletotothe

themoving

movingair.

air.Use

Useaaframe

frameofofreference

referencethat

thatisismoving

movingwith

withthe

the

airplane. Let F be the force on the air.

v = 270 km/h = 75 m/s

u = 600 m/s

( m ) v + F ( t ) = 2

( m ) u sin 20

2

dm

m

v + u sin 20) =

(

(v + u sin 20)

t

dt

F = (120 )(75 + 600sin 20) = 33.6 103 N

F =

Force on airplane is F.

F = 33.6 kN

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

762

PROBLEM 14.78

A jetliner is cruising at a speed of 900 km/h with each of its three engines

discharging air with a velocity of 800 m/s relative to the plane.

Determine the speed of the airliner after it has lost the use of (a) one of its

engines, (b) two of its engines. Assume that the drag due to air friction is

proportional to the square of the speed and that the remaining engines

keep operating at the same rate.

SOLUTION

n = number engines operating

Symbols:

dm

= mass flow rate for one engine

dt

u = discharge velocity relative to jetliner = 800 m/s

v = speed of jetliner

F = thrust force = n

dm

(u v)

dt

D = drag force = kv 2

Force balance:

balance.

F D = 0,

0

dm

(u v) = kv 2

dt

v2

1 dm

=

n(u v) k dt

n = 3,

(250)2

1 dm

=

= 37.879 m/s

3(800 250) k dt

engine

lost:

(a) 1One

engine

lost:

n=2

v2

= 37.8799,

2(800 v)

v 2 + 75.758v 60606 = 0

v = 211.2 m/s

(b) 2 engines lost:

2

v = 760 km/h

n=1

v

= 37.8799,

800 v

v 2 + 37.879v 30303 = 0

v = 156.16 m/s

v = 562 km/h

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

763

PROBLEM 14.79

In a Pelton-wheel turbine, a stream of water is deflected by a series of

blades so that the rate at which water is deflected by the blades is equal to

the rate at which water issues from the nozzle (m/t = AvA). Using the

same notation as in Sample Prob. 14.7, (a) determine the velocity V of

the blades for which maximum power is developed, (b) derive an

expression for the maximum power, (c) derive an expression for the

mechanical efficiency.

SOLUTION

Let u be the velocity of the stream relative to the velocity of the blade.

u = (v V )

m

= Av A

t

Mass ow

flow rate:

Principle

Principle of

of impulse and momentum:

momentum.

Ft =

m

u (1 cos ) = Av A (v A V ) (1 cos )

t

The force Ft on the fluid is directed to the left as shown. By Newtons law of action and reaction, the

tangential force on the blade is Ft to the right.

Output power:

Pout = FV

t = Av A (v A V ) V (1 cos )

output:

(a) V for maximum power output.

dPout

= A (v A 2V ) (1 cos ) = 0

dV

11

V

v A== vVA

22

Maximumpower.

power:

(b) Maximum

1 1

2 2

( Pout )max =

1

Av3A (1 cos )

4

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

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764

Input power = rate of supply of kinetic energy of the stream

Pin =

1 1

1 m 2 1

(m)v A2 =

v A = Av3A

2

t 2

2 t

(c) Efficiency:

Efficiency.

pout

pin

Av A (v A V )V (1 cos )

1

Av3A

2

V V

= 2 1 (1 cos )

vA vA

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

765

PROBLEM 14.80

cruising in

in level

levelight

flightatata aspeed

speedofof913.3

570 km/h,

mi/h, aa jet

While cruising

jet airplane scoops

air atataarate

rateofof

240 lb/s

witha avelocity

velocity

2200 m/s

ft/s

in air

108.86

kg/sand

and discharges ititwith

ofof670.56

relative to the airplane. Determine (a) the power actually used to propel

the airplane, (b) the total power developed by the engine, (c) the

mechanical efficiency of the airplane.

SOLUTION

Data:

240

dm

= 108.86

=

7.4534 kg/s,

slugs/s,

dt

32.2

F =

m/s,

u = 670.56

2200 ft/s,

km/h

= 253.7

v = 913.3

570 mi/h

ft/s m/s

= 836

dm

= 10166

253.7

= 45379

u v ) = (108.86

7.4534 )(670.56

2200 836

lb N

(

)

dt

(a) Power

Power used

used to

to propel

propel airplane:

airplane:

6 6

253.7

11.51

lb/s

P1 = Fv = (45379

10166 )(836

1010

ft W

) = =8.499

propulsion

powerpower

= 11.51

10 W

propulsion

hp

= 15450

Power

Power of

of kinetic

kinetic energy of exhaust:

P2 ( t ) =

P2 =

1

2

m )(u v )

(

2

1 dm

1

2

2 2

66

= 6.934

7.4534 )(670.56

2200 836

ftW lb/s

u v ) = (108.86

253.7

= 9.461010

(

)

2 dt

2

power:

P = P1 + P2 = 20.97

15.43310

106Wft lb/s

totaltotal

power

= 20.97

10 hp

W

power

= 28060

8.499 10

P1

11.51

106

=

0.551

6 = 0.55

P 15.433

20.97 10

106

6

Mechanical efficiency:

(c) Mechanical

efficiency:

0.551

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

766

PROBLEM 14.81

The wind-turbine-generator shown operates at a wind speed of 30 km/h

with an efficiency of 0.4. Knowing that the area swept out by the blades

is a circle of diameter d = 6.5 m and that = 1.2 kg/m3, determine

(a) the kinetic energy of the air particles entering the 6.5-m-diameter

circle per second, (b) the output power.

SOLUTION

Kinetic energy of fluid in slipstream passing in time t.:

T =

1

1

mass speed 2 = density volume speed 2

2

2

1

density area length speed 2

2

1

1

A ( l ) v 2 = Av ( t ) v 2

2

2

1

T

= Av3

2

t

Input power =

Data:

1

dT

= Av3

2

dt

= 1.2 kg/m3

A=

d2 =

2

6.5 )

(

4

= 33.183 m 2

(a)

1

dT

3

= (1.2 )(33.183)(8.333) = 11.521 103 N m/s

dt

2

11.52 kJ/s

Input power =

(b)

dT

= 11.521 kW

dt

output power = 4.61 kW

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

767

PROBLEM 14.82

The wind-turbine-generator shown has an output-power rating of 3.5 kW

for a wind speed of 36 km/h and operates at an efficiency of 0.35.

Knowing that = 1.2 kg/m3, determine (a) the diameter d of the circular

area swept out by the blades, (b) the kinetic energy of the air particles

entering the circular area per second.

SOLUTION

Kinetic energy of fluid in slipstream passing in time t.:

T =

1

1

mass speed 2 =

density volume speed 2

2

2

1

density area length speed 2

2

1

1

A ( l ) v 2 = Av ( t ) v 2

2

2

T

1

= Av3

2

t

(1)

Output

Data:

3500

= 10000 W

0.35

input power =

Input

dT

= input power = 10, 000 W,

dt

A=

Using (1),

(a)

v = 36 km/h = 10 m/s

( 2 )(10000 ) = 16.667 m 2

2 dT

=

3

v dt

(1.2 )(10 )3

d2 = A

d =

4A

( 4 )(16.667 )

d = 4.61 m

dT

= 10.00 kJ/s

dt

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

768

PROBLEM 14.83

The depth of water flowing in a rectangular channel of width b at a speed

v1 and a depth d1 increases to a depth d 2 at a hydraulic jump. Express

the rate of flow Q in terms of b, d1, and d 2.

SOLUTION

Mass flow rate:

mass = density volume

m = bd ( l ) = bdv ( t )

dm m

=

= bdv

dt

t

1 dm

= bdv

dt

Q=

Q1 = Q2 = Q

Continuity of flow:

v1 =

Q

,

bd1

v2

Q

bd 2

p1 = d1

p2 = d 2

F1 =

1

1

p1bd1 = bd12

2

2

F2 =

1

1

p2bd 2 = bd 22

2

2

sections 1 and 2.

continued

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

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769

(m ) v1 + F1 ( t ) F2 (t ) = ( m ) v2

Q

Q 1

2

2

Q

= b d 2 d1

2

bd

bd

2

1

m

(v1 v2 ) = F2 F1 ,

t

Q 2 ( d 2 d1 )

bd1d 2

1

b ( d1 + d 2 )( d 2 d1 )

2

Noting that = g ,

Q=b

1

gd1d 2 ( d1 + d 2 )

2

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

770

PROBLEM 14.84

Determine the rate of flow in the channel of Prob. 14.83, knowing that

b = 3 m, d1 = 1.25 m, and d 2 = 1.5 m.

Problem 14.83: The depth of water flowing in a rectangular channel of

width b at a speed v1 and a depth d1 increases to a depth d 2 at a

hydraulic jump. Express the rate of flow Q in terms of b, d1, and d 2.

SOLUTION

Mass flow rate:

mass = density volume

m = bd ( l ) = bdv ( t )

dm m

=

= bdv

t

dt

Q=

1 dm

dt

= bdv

Q1 = Q2 = Q

Continuity of flow:

v1 =

Q

,

bd1

v2

Q

bd 2

p1 = d1 ,

p2 = d 2

F1 =

1

1

p1bd1 = bd12

2

2

F2 =

1

1

p2bd 2 = bd 22

2

2

sections 1 and 2.

continued

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

771

(m ) v1 + F1 ( t ) F2 (t ) = ( m ) v2

Q

Q 1

2

2

Q

= b d 2 d1

bd1 bd 2 2

m

(v1 v2 ) = F2 F1 ,

t

Q 2 ( d 2 d1 )

bd1d 2

1

b ( d1 + d 2 )( d 2 d1 )

2

Noting that = g ,

Q=b

Data:

1

gd1d 2 ( d1 + d 2 )

2

g = 9.81 m/s,

Q=3

b = 3 m,

d1 = 1.25 m,

d 2 = 1.5 m

1

(9.81)(1.25)(1.5)(1.25 + 1.5 ) = 15.09 m3/s

2

Q = 15.09 m3/s

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

772

PROBLEM 14.85

A circular reentrant orifice (also called Bordas mouthpiece) of diameter

D is placed at a depth h below the surface of a tank. Knowing that the

speed of the issuing stream is v = 2 gh and assuming that the speed of

approach v1 is zero, show that the diameter of the stream is d = D / 2.

(Hint. Consider the section of water indicated, and note that P is equal to

the pressure at a depth h multiplied by the area of the orifice).

SOLUTION

From hydrostatics, the pressure at section 1 is p1 = rh = gh.

The pressure at section 2 is p2 = 0.

Calculate the mass flow rate using section 2.

mass = density volume = density area length

m = A 2 ( l ) = A 2v ( t )

dm

m

=

= A 2v

t

dt

Apply the impulse-momentum principle to fluid between sections 1 and 2.

(m ) v1 + p1 A1 (t ) = (m ) v

dm

dm

v1 + p1 A1 =

v

dt

dt

p1 A1 =

But v1 is negligible,

dm

(v v1 ) = A2v (v v1 )

dt

p1 = gh,

v=

and

ghA1 = A2 ( 2 gh )

D2 = 2 d 2

4

4

or

2 gh

A1 = 2 A2

d =

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

773

PROBLEM 14.86

A garden sprinkler has four rotating arms, each of which consists of two

horizontal straight sections of pipe forming an angle of 120. Each arm

3

gal/minmwith

of 60 ft/sofrelative

to

discharges water at

at aarate

rateofof50.0189

/mina velocity

with a velocity

18.3 m/s

movingthe

and

stationary

the arm.toKnowing

the friction

between

relative

the arm.that

Knowing

that the

frictionthe

between

moving

and

parts of the

is equivalent

to ato acouple

magnitude

stationary

part sprinkler

of the sprinkler

is equivalent

coupleof

of magnitude

. m, determine

0.275 lbN ft,

M == 0.0374

determine the

the constant

constant rate

rate at

at which

which the sprinkler

M

rotates ( 1 ft 3 = 7.48 gal).

rotates.

SOLUTION

gal/min.m3/min = 78.75 106 m3/s.

The flow

through

each

arm

is 1.25

ow Q

through

each

arm

is 0.004725

gal 1 ft 3 1 min

3 3

Q = 5

= 11.1408 10 ft /s

min 7.48 gal 60 s

)(

62.4 lb/ft 3

dm

103 ft 3/s

Q = kg/m

= Q = 1,000

11.1408

106 m3/s

3 78.75

2

dt

g

32.2 ft/s

33

21.590 1010

lb s/ft

= 78.75

kg/s

Consider the moment about O exerted on the fluid stream of one arm.

Apply the impulse-momentum principle. Compute moments about O.

of

First, consider the geometry of triangle OAB. Using first the Law

law of

cosines,

Cosines,

(OA)2

( )(

2

o

62 2++40.152

( 22 )(

4 ) cos120

= 0.1

62)(0.1

0.152 cos120

76 m

in. = 0.72648 ft

OA = 0.22

sin

sin120o

=

0.22

4

0.1

76

0.22

sines.

Law of Sines:

23.413o , a = 60

= 60o b =36.8

= 36.587o

= 23.2,

Moments about O:

MO =

m

(OA) vs sin (OA)2

))

33

= 78.75

21.590 1010

60 ) sin 36.587

(0.72648

(0.72648

)2

(0.22

)(18.3)()sin36.8

(0.22)2w

0.56093

0.011395

= ((0.19

0.0038

w) N.m ) lb ft

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

774

Moment that the stream exerts on the arm is M O .

Friction couple for one arm:

MF =

1

0.275 ) ==0.06875

0.0374

0.00935lbN.ftm

(

4

M F M O = 0,

0

M F = MO

0.00935

0.0038w

0.06875 = 0.19

0.56093

0.011395

w == 47.54

43.19rad/s

rad/s==454

412rpm

rpm

412rpm

rpm

w == 454

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

775

PROBLEM 14.87

A railroad car of length L and mass m0 when empty is moving freely on

a horizontal track while being loaded with sand from a stationary chute at

a rate dm/dt = q. Knowing that the car was approaching the chute at a

speed v0 , determine (a) the mass of the car and its load after the car has

cleared the chute, (b) the speed of the car at that time.

SOLUTION

Consider the conservation of the horizontal component of momentum of the railroad car of mass m0 and the

sand mass qt.

m0v0 = ( m0 + qt ) v ,

v =

m0v0

m0 + qt

(1)

dx

m0v0

=v=

dt

m0 + qt

x0 = 0

Integrating, using

x = L when t = t L ,

and

t

L = 0L vdt = 0L

=

ln

m0v0

mv

dt = 0 0 ln ( m0 + qtL ) ln m0

m0 + qt

q

m0v0 m0 + qt L

ln

q

m0

m0 + qtL

= eqL/m0v0

m0

m0 + qt L

qL

=

,

m0

m0v0

m0 + qt L = m0e qL/m0v0

sand

(b) Using (1),

vL =

m0v0

mv

= 0 0 eqL/m0v0

m0 + qtL

m0

vL = v0e qL/m0v0

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

776

PROBLEM 14.88

The final component of a conveyor system receives sand at a rate of

100 kg/s at A and discharges it at B. The sand is moving horizontally at A

and B with a velocity of magnitude v A = vB = 4.5 m/s. Knowing that the

combined weight of the component and of the sand it supports is

W = 4 kN, determine the reactions at C and D.

SOLUTION

Apply the impulse-momentum principle.

Moments about C:

D=

1.8

1 m

W +

(0.9vA 1.65vB )

3

3 t

3

D = 2.29 kN

x-component:

x components:

(m )vA + Cx (t ) = (m ) vB

m

Cx =

(vB v A ) = (100 )( 4.5 4.5 ) = 0

t

y components:

y-component:

0 + C y ( t ) + D ( t ) W ( t ) = 0

C y = W D = 4000 2287.5 = 1712.5 N

C = 1.712 kN

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

777

PROBLEM 14.89

A chain of length l and mass m lies in a pile on the floor. If its end A is

raised vertically at a constant speed v, express in terms of the length y of

chain which is off the floor at any given instant (a) the magnitude of the

force P applied at A, (b) the reaction of the floor.

SOLUTION

Let be the mass per unit length of chain. Apply the impulse

- momentumto

to the

the entire

entire chain.

chain.Assume

Assume that

that

impulse-momentum

the reaction from the floor is

it equal to the weight of chain still in contact with the floor.

Calculate the floor reaction.

y

R = mg 1

l

R = g (l y ) ,

yv + P ( t ) + R ( t ) gl ( t ) = ( y + y ) v

Pt = ( y ) v + gl ( t ) R ( t )

(a)

P=

y

v + gl (l y ) g

t

Let

P = v 2 + gy

y dy

=

=v

dt

t

P=

m 2

v + gy

l

R = mg 1

l

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

778

PROBLEM 14.90

Solve Prob. 14.89, assuming that the chain is being lowered to the floor at

a constant speed v.

SOLUTION

(a) Let be the mass per unit length of chain. The force P supports the weight of chain still off the floor.

P = gy

P=

mgy

yv + P ( t ) + R ( t ) gl ( t ) = g ( y + y ) v

R ( t ) = gl ( t ) P ( t ) g ( y ) v

R = gl gy

Let t 0. Then,

y

v

t

y dy

=

= v

t

dt

R = g (l y ) + v 2

R =

m

g (l y ) + v 2

l

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

779

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