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Muscle

Sternocleidomast
oid

Origin
- Clavicle
- Sternum

Insertion
- Mastoid
process

Actions
- Neck flexion
- Neck rotation

Pectoralis major

- Sternum
- Clavicle

- Proximal
humerus

- Shoulder
flexion
- Shoulder
adduction

Pectoralis minor

- Ribs 3-5

- Coracoid
process

- Shoulder
abduction

- Deltoid
tuberosity

- Shoulder
abduction
- Shoulder
flexion

Deltoid

Diagram

Clavicle
Spine of
Scapula

Biceps brachii

- Coracoid
process
- Superior glenoid
cavity

- Radial
tuberosity

- Elbow flexion

Brachialis

- Humerus
(anterior side)

- Ulna (coronoid
process)

- Elbow flexion

Brachioradialis

- Humerus
(lateral, distal)

- Radius
(styloid)

- Elbow flexion

Forearm
extensors

- Posterior
forearm

- Metacarpals
- Phalanges

Forearm flexors

- Anterior forearm - Metacarpals


- Phalanges

- Wrist flexion
- Finger flexion

Intercostals

- Ribs

- Breathing

- Ribs

- Wrist extension
- Finger
extension

Rectus
abdominis

- Pubis

- Xiphoid
process
- Ribs

- Trunk flexion

External
abdominal
oblique

- Lower 8 ribs

- Iliac crest
- Linea alba

- Trunk flexion
- Trunk rotation

Internal
abdominal
oblique

Transverse
abdominis

- Iliac crest

Iliac crest
Last 6 ribs

- Linea alba
- Last 3-4 ribs

- Trunk flexion
- Trunk rotation

Xiphoid
- Trunk stabilizer
process
Pubis
Linea alba

Adductor
magnus

- Ischium
- Pubis

- Posterior
femur

- Hip adduction

Gracilis

- Pubis

- Proximal
medial tibia

- Hip adduction

Iliopsoas

- Iliac fossa
- Lumbar
vertebrae

- Lesser
trochanter

- Hip flexion

Tensor Fascia
Latae

- Ilium (anterior)

- Iliotibial tract

- Hip abduction

Sartorius

- Anterior
superior iliac
spine

- Proximal
medial tibia

- Hip flexion
- Knee flexion

Rectus femoris

- Anterior inferior
iliac spine

- Tibial
tuberosity

- Hip flexion
- Knee extension

Vastus lateralis

- Lateral femur
- Linea aspera

- Tibial
tuberosity

- Knee extension

Vastus medialis

- Medial femur
- Linea aspera

- Tibial
tuberosity

- Knee extension

Vatsus
intermedius

- Lateral femur
- Anterior femur

- Tibial
tuberosity

- Knee extension

Tibialis anterior

- Tibia

- 1st metacarpal
- Cuneiform

- Ankle dorsi
flexion

Erector spinae

- Sacrum

- Occipital

- Back extension

Trapezius

- Skull
- Cervical
vertebrae
- Thoracic
vertebrae

- Spine of
scapula

- Scapula
adduction
- Scapula
rotation

Rhomboids
(major and
minor)

- C7-T5

- Medial border
of scapula

- Scapula
adduction

Supraspinatus

- Supraspinous
fossa

- Proximal
humerus

- Shoulder
abduction

Infraspinatus

- Infraspinous
fossa

- Proximal
humerus

- Shoulder
rotation

Subscapularis

- Subscapular
fossa

- Proximal
humerus

- Shoulder
rotation

Teres minor

- Lateral border
of scapula

- Proximal
humerus

- Shoulder
roatation

Teres major

- Inferior angle of
scapula

- Humerus

- Shoulder
extension
- Shoulder
adduction

Serratus anterior

- Upper 8-9 ribs

- Medial border
of scapula

- Scapula
abduction
- Scapula
rotation

Latissimus dorsi

- Lumbar
vertebrae
- Thoracic
vertebrae

- Proximal
humerus

- Shoulder
extension
- Shoulder
adduction

Triceps brachii

- Inferior glenoid
fossa
- Humerus

- Oecranon
(ulna)

- Elbow
extension

Gluteus maximus

- Pelvis
(posterior)

- Proximal
femur

- Hip extension

Gluteus medius
and minimus

- Ilium (lateral)

- Greater
trochanter

- Hip abduction

Semitendinosus

- Ischial
tuberosity

- Proximal,
medial tibia

- Hip extension
- Knee flexion

Semimembranos
us

- Ischial
tuberosity

- Proximal,
medial tibia

- Hip extension
- Knee flexion

Biceps femoris

- Ischial
tuberosity
- Posterior femur

- Fibula head

- Hip extension
- Knee flexion

Gastrocnemius

- Posterior distal
femur

- Calcaneus

- Ankle plantar
flexion

Soleus

- Tibia and fibula


(posterior)

- Calcaneus

- Ankle plantar
flexion