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Procter & Gamble Company 2011

Alen Badal

A.

Case Abstract
Procter & Gamble (P&G) is a comprehensive strategic management case that includes the companys yearend 2010 financial statements, organizational chart, competitor information and more. The case time
setting is the year 2011. Sufficient internal and external data are provided to enable students to evaluate
current strategies and recommend a three-year strategic plan for the company. Headquartered in
Cincinnati, Ohio, P&Gss common stock is publicly traded under the ticker symbol PG.
Headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, P&G is the world's largest household products company. The firm is
divided into two global units: Beauty & Grooming and Household Care but P&G also makes pet food and
water filters. Many P&G's products are billion-dollar sellers, including Febreze, Fusion, Always, Braun,
Bounty, Charmin, Crest, Downy, Gillette, Mach3, Iams, Olay, Pampers, Pantene, Tide, Gain, and Wella,
among others. P&Gs fiscal year ends June 30 every year.

B.

Vision Statement (proposed)


To maintain our status as the number one household nondurables company in the world.

C.

Mission Statement (proposed)


We will create and promote household nondurable (2) products that are not only known for quality and
innovation (4) but for value (7) and environmentally (8) conscious. Our consumers (1) around the world
(3) use our products on a daily basis (5) and trust the Procter & Gamble name and our brands. At Procter
and Gamble we believe good ethics is good business (6) and stirve to conduct business in accordance to the
laws of the nations in which we operate and treat our employees (9) with the respect they deserve.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

D.

Customers
Products or services
Markets
Technology
Concern for survival, growth, and profitability
Philosophy
Self-concept
Concern for public image
Concern for employees

External Audit

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Opportunities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Higher demand for higher-priced products such as prestige cosmetics and fragrances.
Younger customers are attracted by social media advertising.
Social media advertising is more cost effective than traditional advertising.
The beauty and cosmetics industry is expected to increase globally by 8.5 per cent in 2014 according to
recent research from Euro Monitor International.
There is an endless possibility to `celebrities endorsing fragrances, these products are successful
because many are persuaded by fame of the celebrity.
Men are increasingly concerned with their appearance, this provides a opening to grab a new branch of
consumers.
Increase in online purchasing, average monthly visits in the U.S. to beauty-related websites topped 60
million and grew 94 percent over past three years.
Consumers are interested in products that are made with all natural products.
Research shows that by 2015, global womens purchasing power is expected to increase by $5 trillion
and beauty is the category these consumers are most likely to purchase.

Threats
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Volatile foreign exchange rates.


Subject to anti-trust investigation in Europe.
Increase in competitor expansion globally from Colgate-Palmolive, Unilever, and Clorox.
Regulations are increasing due to the voicing of different groups about harmful chemical ingredients in
cosmetic products.
Diamond foods struggling financially, may not be able to purchase Pringles.
Premium cosmetics are a prime target for counterfeiters. 9%, according to the Global Congress on
combating counterfeiting, of all the world trade comprises counterfeit goods.
Discounting premium cosmetics can damage its prestige image for the consumers who purchase these
products.
The Este Lauder companies ranks number one in prestige skin care and number two in makeup in the
channel.
Considerable investment is necessary to bring new products to the market and to maintain their high
profile.

Competitive Profile Matrix

EFE Matrix

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E.

Internal Audit
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Strengths
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Proposed sale of Pringles line of snacks in 2011 for $1.5 billion.


P&G is focused solely on the beauty and personal-care products business.
In 2011, Fortune ranked P&G the number one soap and cosmetic in the world.
New CEO, Mr. McDonald focuses on lower end products aimed at price sensitive customers.
P&G operates under a SBU structure.
23 P&G brands routinely earn over $1 billion in revenue per year.
Braun, bounty, Charmin, Crest, Downy, Gillette, Pampers are all top brands owned by P&G.
Invested over $2 billion in R&D in 2010.
Market share grew in 14 of top 17 countries in 2010.
EPS is 3.94.

Weaknesses
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

No published vision statement.


$57 billion in goodwill on balance sheet.
Profits declined 5% in 2011 yet revenues increased 2.9%.
Weak profitability ratios.
Not operating as efficiently as Johnson & Johnson.
Spent $772 million in advertising to Johnson & Johnsons $366 million.
Consumers may not associate all of our brands with P&G rather view them as their own distinct
companies.

Financial Ratio Analysis


Growth Rate Percent
Sales (Qtr vs year ago qtr)
Net Income (YTD vs YTD)
Net Income (Qtr vs year ago qtr)
Sales (5-Year Annual Avg.)
Net Income (5-Year Annual Avg.)
Dividends (5-Year Annual Avg.)

P&G
8.90
NA
-1.90
5.09
7.54
11.37

Industry
10.40
NA
4.00
5.47
7.90
10.67

S&P 500
14.50
NA
47.20
8.31
8.76
5.70

Profit Margin Percent


Gross Margin
Pre-Tax Margin
Net Profit Margin
5Yr Gross Margin (5-Year Avg.)

50.0
17.8
13.9
50.8

53.3
16.3
12.4
53.7

39.8
18.2
13.2
39.8

Liquidity Ratios
Debt/Equity Ratio
Current Ratio
Quick Ratio

0.52
0.8
0.5

0.80
1.0
0.7

1.00
1.3
0.9

Profitability Ratios
Return On Equity
Return On Assets
Return On Capital
Return On Equity (5-Year Avg.)
Return On Assets (5-Year Avg.)
Return On Capital (5-Year Avg.)

18.3
8.7
11.0
16.7
8.0
10.1

32.6
11.1
15.4
32.2
10.0
13.9

26.0
8.9
11.8
23.8
8.0
10.8

Efficiency Ratios

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Income/Employee
Revenue/Employee
Receivable Turnover
Inventory Turnover

91,008
653,907
13.3
5.5

70,194
537,057
12.5
4.9

Net Worth Analysis (in millions)

IFE Matrix

F.

SWOT

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126,905
1 Mil
15.4
12.5

SO Strategies
1. Spend $400 million in R&D to produce 3 new lines of higher end fragrances (S8, S9, S10, O1).
2. Allocate $100 million for advertising and promoting male skin care products using celebrities as
spokesmen (S6, O5, O6).
WO Strategies
1. Increase social medial advertising targeting teenagers by $100M (W3, O2).
ST Strategies
1. Engage in talks with Pepsi to purchase Pringles if the deal with Diamond Foods is not completed (S2,
S3, T5).
2. Continue to market low end cosmetics and fragrances (S4, T7).
WT Strategies
1. Reduced advertising by $300M on well established products letting their brand name sell for itself
(W5, W6, T9).

G.

SPACE Matrix

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H.

Grand Strategy Matrix

I.

The Internal-External (IE) Matrix

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Segment
Beauty & Grooming
Health & Well-Being

2010 Revenues
34%
18%

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2010 Profits
36%
19%

Household

J.

48%

QSPM

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45%

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K.

Recommendations
1.
2.
3.
4.

L.

Spend $400 million in R&D to produce 3 new lines of higher end fragrances.
Allocate $100 million for advertising and promoting male skin care products using celebrities as
spokesmen.
Increase social medial advertising targeting teenagers by $100M.
Engage in talks with Pepsi to purchase Pringles if the deal with Diamond Foods is not completed.

EPS/EBIT Analysis (in millions)


Amount Needed: $600M
Stock Price: $64
Shares Outstanding: 2,750
Interest Rate: 5%
Tax Rate: 22%

M.

Epilogue
P&Gs fiscal year ends June 30 of every year. Therefore, P&Gs Q1 2012 ended September 30, 2011. For Q1 of
2012, the companys overall earnings fell to $3.02 billion from $3.08 billion a year earlier. During that quarter,
P&G raised prices across all divisions and regions to help make up for higher costs for commodities. P&Gs
overall Q1 2012 net income fell 1.9 percent, but sales increased 8.9 percent to $21.92 billion, from $20.12 billion
earlier.
For that Q1 2012, P&Gs Beauty division sales increased nine percent to $5.4 billion on unit volume growth of

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four percent. However, this division reported that net earnings declined 12 percent to $731 million. Also for Q1
2012, P&Gs Grooming division reported a 10 percent sales decrease to $2.1 billion, but that divisions earnings
increased 10 percent to $438 million. For Q1 2012, P&Gs Health Care sales increased 10 percent to $3.3 billion
on unit volume growth of three percent. Sales of Oral Care, including toothpaste and mouthwash, increased about
5 percent as Oral-B toothpaste was marketed in Western Europe and Latin America. P&Gs Personal Health Care
volume increased about 3 percent behind higher shipments of Vicks due to initiative activity primarily in North
America and Asia, partially offset by lower shipments of Prilosec OTC in North America.
P&Gs Feminine Care segment revenues grew about 3 percent in Q1 2012 primarily due to new products in China
and strong growth in India. Net earnings increased 9 percent to $542 million as sales growth was partially offset
by a lower operating margin. Operating margin declined due to higher commodity costs, partially offset by
manufacturing cost savings and a reduction in overhead and marketing spending as a percentage of sales.
P&Gs Snacks and Pet Care division for Q1 2012 reported that sales increased nine percent to $776 million.
Volume in Snacks increased about 9 percent due to increased distribution and market growth in developing
regions, as well as share growth and market growth in North America. Volume in Pet Care decreased about 5
percent mainly due to customer inventory adjustments in North America following a June price increase.
P&Gs Fabric Care and Home Care sales for Q1 2012 increased 6 percent to $6.7 billion. Volume in Fabric Care
decreased about 3 percent as growth in Asia was more than offset by the impact of the forward buy in the previous
quarter ahead of the price increases in North America and initiative activity in the base period. Volume in Home
Care also decreased low single digits driven by the impact of the forward buy in the previous quarter ahead of the
price increases in North America, partially offset by initiative activity and distribution expansion in developing
regions. Volume in Batteries grew low single digits due to market growth in developing regions and increased
demand following the hurricane in North America. Net earnings in this division of P&G declined 14 percent to
$805 million.
P&Gs Baby Care and Family Care for Q1 2012 reported a 12 percent increase in sales to $4.1 billion. Net
earnings increased 5 percent to $494 million.

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