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BOARD OF INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION, A.P.


MATHEMATICS - Paper II A
Model Question Paper (English Version)
Maximum Marks : 75

Time : 3 Hours

t
e
n

.
a
h

Note: This question paper consists of three sections A, B and C.

SECTION - A
I.

a
r
p

i) Answer ALL questions.


1.

ii) Each question carries TWO marks.

Find the multiplicative inverse of 5 + 3i.

()
a
n

z
If z1 = 1 and z2 = i, then find Arg 1 .
z2

3.

1
If x = cis , then find the value of x6 + .
x6

5.

e
e

10 2 = 20

u
d

2.

4.

b
i
t

Very Short Answer type Questions.

Form the quadratic equation whose roots are


m
n
, (m 0, n 0).
n
m

t
e
n

.
a

If , , are the roots of 4x3 6x2 + 7x + 3 = 0, then find the value of


+ + .

h
b

i
t
a

6.

If 18P(r 1) : 17P(r 1) = 9 : 7, find r.

7.

If nC5 = nC6, then find 13Cn.

8.

2
5 7
Find the coefficient of x7 in x2 5 .
3
4x

9.

Find the variance for the discrete data given below:

( upr)
d

a
n

350, 361, 370, 373, 376, 379, 385, 387, 394, 395
10.

II.

e
e

For a binomial distribution with mean 6 and variance 2, find the first two terms
of the distribution.

SECTION - B

Short Answer type Questions.

i) Answer any FIVE questions.


ii) Each question carries FOUR marks.

11.

(1 + i)3
Find the modulus of the complex number
(2 + i)(1 + 2i)

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5 4 = 20

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xp
If the expression takes all real values for x R, then find the
x2 3x + 2
bounds for 'p'.

12.

t
e
n

13.

Find the sum of all 4 digited numbers that can be formed using the digits
1, 2, 4, 5, 6 without repetition.

14.

Prove for 3 r n:

.
a
h

b
i
.t
ra

(n 3)Cr + 3(n 3)C(r 1) + 3(n 3)C(r 2) + (n 3)C(r 3) = nCr.


15.

x3
Resolve into partial fractions: 2
(2x 1)(x 1)

16.

If P is a probability function, then show that for any two events A and B,

p
u
d

P(A B) P(A) P(A B) P(A) + P(B).


17.

a
n
e

Suppose A and B are independent events with P(A) = 0.6, P(B) = 0.7. Then

.e

compute i) P(A B)

III.

B
iii) P

( )

ii) P(A B)

iv) P(Ac Bc).

SECTION - C

Long Answer type Questions.

.
a

i) Answer any FIVE questions.

h
b

ii) Each question carries SEVEN marks.

18.

i
t
a

If n is a positive integer, then show that

t
e
n

5 7 = 35

1
1
1

n
n
2n
1
Q
(P + iQ) + (P iQ) = 2(P2 + Q2) . cos tan1
n
P

r
[
up

d
a

].

19.

Solve the equation x4 + x3 16x2 4x + 48 = 0 given that the product of two


of its roots is '6'.

20.

If the coefficients of rth, (r + 1)th, (r + 2)th terms in (1 + x)n are in A.P., then
show that n2 (4r + 1)n + (4r2 2) = 0

21.

If x is so small that x2 and high powers of x may be neglected, then find the
2
(8 + 3x) /3
approximate value of

(2 + 3x) 4 5x

22.

n
e
e

Find the Variance and Standard Deviation of the frequency distribution:


xi

10

14

18

24

28

30

fi

12

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23.

If A, B, C are three events in a random experiment, prove the following:

A
i) P = 1
A

()

()

ii) P = 0
A

t
e
n

() ()

A
B
iii) A B P P iv) P(A - B) = P(A) - P(A B)
C
C
A
v) If A, B are mutually exclusive and P(B) > 0, then P = 0
B
A
P(A)
vi) If A, B mutually exclusive, then P c = ; when P(B) 1
1 - P(B)
B
vii) If A, B are mutually exclusive and

( h) a.

( ) tib
a

r
( ) up
d
a
n
e
e SOLUTIONS

A
P(A)
P(A B) 0, P = .
AB
P(A) + P(B)
24.

In the experiment of tossing a coin 'n' times if the variable X denotes the
number of heads and P(X = 4), P(X = 5), P(X = 6) are in Arithmetic
Progression, then find 'n'.

1.

w
w
w( )(

SECTION - A

Find the multiplicative inverse of 5 + 3i.

Sol:

5 + 3i

5 + 3i

=1

(5 3i)
(
)
=1

( 5 3i)( 5 + 3i)
(5 3i)

( 5 + 3i) = 1
5+9
(5 3i)

r
p

a
n

u
d

h
b

i
t
a

5 + 3i

Multiplicative Inverse = .
14

e
e

()

z
If z1 = 1 and z2 = i, then find Arg 1 .
z2
Sol: z1 = 1 = cos + i sin
Arg z1 =
2.

z2 = i = cos + i sin
Arg z2 =
2
2
2
z1
Arg
z2 = Arg (z1) Arg (z2)

.
a

( )

= =
2
2

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t
e
n

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3.

1
If x = cis , then find the value of x6 + .
x6

Sol: x = cis = cos + i sin

t
e
n

x6 = cos 6 + i sin 6
1
1

= cos 6 i sin 6
x6 cos 6 + i sin 6
1
= 2 cos 6
x6 +
x6

.
a
h

b
i
t

a
r
p

m
n
Form the quadratic equation whose roots are , (m 0, n 0).
n
m
2
2
m
n
m n
Sol: S = + =
n
m
mn
4.

( ) ( )du
a
n
( )( ) e
: e

m
P=
n

= 1

Equation x2 (S)x + P = 0

w
w( )
m2 n2

x2
mn

.
a

mnx2 (m2 n2)x mn = 0

5.

If , , are the roots of 4x3 6x2 + 7x + 3 = 0, then find the value of


+ + .

Sol: 4x3 6x2 + 7x + 3 = 0


3
7
3
x3 x2 + x + = 0
2
4
4
7
S2 + + = .
4
6.

t
e
n

x + (1) = 0

a
n

i
t
a

r
p

u
d

h
b

If 18P(r 1) : 17P(r 1) = 9 : 7, find r.

e
e

Sol: 18P(r 1) : 17P(r 1) = 9 : 7

7 . 18P(r 1) = 9 . 17P(r 1)

18
9 . 17
7. =
19 r
18 r

7 . 18
9
=
19 r
1
14 = 19 r
r=5

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7.

If nC5 = nC6, then find 13Cn.

Sol: nC5 = nC6


56

t
e
n

5+6=n

.
a
h

n = 11
13 . 12
13C = 13C = 13C =
= 78
n
11
2

b
i
(
) at
r
( ) ( ) up
d
a
n
e
.e
w
1.2

8.

2 2
5 7
7
Find the coefficient of x in x 5 .
3
4x

Sol:

Tr + 1 = 7Cr

2x2 7 r 5 r

3
4x5

27 r
(5)r x14 2r
7
= Cr . . .
37 r
4r
x5r
27 r
(5)r 14 7r
7
= Cr . . . x
37 r
4r

for Coeff x7,

7 = 14 7r
7r = 21

24
(5)3
4375
7
7
Coeff. x = C3 . . =
34
43
324
9.

r
p

u
d

.
a

h
b

i
t
a

r=3

t
e
n

Find the variance for the discrete data given below:

a
n

350, 361, 370, 373, 376, 379, 385, 387, 394, 395

e
e

350 + 361 + 370 + 373 + 376 + 379 + 385 + 387 + 394 + 395
x = = 377
Sol:
10
x
x = 27, 16, 7, 4, 1, 2, 8, 10, 17, 18

x )2 = 729, 256, 49, 16, 1, 4, 64, 100, 289, 324


(xi

Variance

1
x )2
= (xi
n
1
= (1832) = 183.2
10

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10.

For a binomial distribution with mean 6 and variance 2, find the first two terms
of the distribution.

t
e
n

Sol: np = 6, npq = 2
1
np
6
= = =3
q
npq
2

( )

b
i
t

1
2
2
q = , p = ; n = 6 n = 9
3
3
3

( )
a
r
2
1
1 p
1
. () () = 1 . 1 . u
=
3
3
3
3
d
a
2
1
2 1
2
. () () n
=9..=
3
3
3 3
3

2
1 9
(p + q)n = +
3
3
T1 = 9C0
T2 = 9C1

11.

e
e

SECTION - B

(1 + i)3
Find the modulus of the complex number
(2 + i)(1 + 2i)

1 + i3 + 3i(1 + i)
(1 + i)3
Sol: =
(2 + i)(1 + 2i)
2 + 4i + i + 2i2
2i 2
5i
=
5i
5i
2 + 2i
=
5

u
d

r
p

.
a

h
b

i
t
a

t
e
n

2
2 2
= 1+1 =
5
5

Modulus
12.

.
a
h

a
n

e
e

xp
If the expression takes all real values for x R, then find the
x2 3x + 2
bounds for 'p'.

xp
Sol: y =
x2 3x + 2

yx2 3xy + 2y x + p = 0
yx2 x(3y + 1) + (2y + p) = 0
for real x,

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b2 4ac 0
(3y + 1)2 4(y) (2y + p) 0

t
e
n

9y2 + 6y + 1 8y2 4py 0

.
a
h

y2 + y(6 4p) + 1 0
Coeff. y2 is +ve; expression is +ve.

b
i
t

discriminant < 0
(6 4p)2 4(1)(1) < 0

a
r
p

36 48p + 16p2 4 < 0

u
d

16p2 48p + 32 < 0


p2 3p + 2 < 0

a
n
e

(p 1)(p 2) < 0

.e

p (1, 2)
1<p<2

13.

t
e
n

Find the sum of all 4 digited numbers that can be formed using the digits
1, 2, 4, 5, 6 without repetition.

.
a

Sol: Requirend sum = 4P3 . 18 . 1 + 4P3 . 18 . 10 + 4P3 . 18 . 100 + 4P3 . 18 . 1000


= 4P3 . 18(1 + 10 + 100 + 1000)

i
t
a

= (24)(18)(1111)

r
p

= 4,79,952.
Prove for 3 r n:

14.

h
b

u
d

(n 3)Cr + 3(n 3)C(r 1) + 3(n 3)C(r 2) + (n 3)C(r 3) = nCr.


Sol:

a
n

[(n 3)Cr + (n 3)C(r 1)] + 2 . (n 3)C(r 1) + 2 . (n 3)C(r 2)


+ [(n 3)C(r 2) + (n 3)C(r 3)]
= (n 2)Cr + 2[(n 3)C(r 1) + (n 3)C(r 2) ] + (n 2)C(r 2)

e
e

= (n 2)Cr + 2 . (n 2)C(r 1) + (n 2)C(r 2)

w[

] [

= (n 2)Cr + (n 2)C(r 1) + (n 2)C(r 1) + (n 2)C(r 2)


= (n 1)Cr + (n 1)C(r 1)

= nCr ... n C(r 1) + n Cr = (n + 1)Cr

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15.

x3
Resolve into partial fractions:
(2x 1)(x 1)2

Sol:

x3
x3
=
(2x 1)(x 1)2
2x3 5x2 + 4x 1

5x2 4x + 1

t
e
n

1
= +
2
2(2x 1)(x 1) 2

.
a
h

b
i
t

a
r
p

5x2 4x + 1
A
B
C
+ +
(2x 1)(x 1)2
2x 1
x1
(x 1)2

u
d

5x2 4x + 1 A(x 1)2 + B(x 1)(2x 1) + C(2x 1)


x=1 2=C

a
n
e

.e

1
1
A
x= =
2
4
4

1=A

x=0 1 =A+BC
1= 1 + B 2

5x2 4x + 1

(2x 1)(x 1)2

B=2

1
2
= +
2x 1
x1

x3

(2x 1)(x 1)2

1 1
=+
2
2

[ pr
u

d
a

.
a

h
b

i
t
a

2
+
(x 1)2

t
e
n

1
2
2
+ +
2x 1 x 1 (x 1)2

1
1
1
1
= + + +
2
2(2x 1)
x1
(x 1)2
16.

n
e
e

If P is a probability function, then show that for any two events A and B,

P(A B) P(A) P(A B) P(A) + P(B).

Sol: A B A P(A B) P(A)

A A B P(A) P(A B)
P(A B) = P(A) P(A B)

> (1)

P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) P(A B) P(A) + P(B) > (2)


(1), (2) P(A B) P(A) P(A B) P(A) + P(B)

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17.

Suppose A and B are independent events with P(A) = 0.6, P(B) = 0.7. Then
compute i) P(A B)

B
iii) P

( )

ii) P(A B)

iv) P(Ac Bc).

t
e
n

Sol: P(A) = 0.6; P(B) = 0.7

.
a
h

P(Ac) = 0.4; P(Bc) = 0.3


(i) P(A B) = P(A) . P(B) = (0.6)(0.7) = 0.42.
(ii) P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) - P(A B)

a
r
p

= 0.6 + 0.7 - 0.42


= 1.30 - 0.42
= 0.88

b
i
t

u
d

a
n
e

P(B A)
0.42
= = = 0.7
P(A)
0.6

( )

B
iii) P
A

.e

iv) P(Ac Bc) = P(Ac) . P(Bc)

18.

= (0.4)(0.3)

.
a

SECTION - C

h
b
i
[rat ] .
up

If n is a positive integer, then show that

1
1
1

n
n
2n
1
Q
(P + iQ) + (P iQ) = 2(P2 + Q2) . cos tan1
n
P
Sol: P + iQ = r(cos + i sin )

d
a

P = r cos , Q = r sin

n
e
e

1
Q

Q
2
2
2
2
2
P + Q = r ; tan = ; (P + Q )2 = r; = tan-1

( )

1
1

n
n
(P + iQ) = [r(cos + i sin )]

1
1n

n
= r [cos + i sin ]

= rn cos
+
i
sin

n
n
1

t
e
n

= 0.12

[
[

]
]

(P - iQ)n = rn cos
n - i sin
n

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1

+
i
sin

+
r
cos

i
sin
n
(P + iQ)n + (P - iQ)n = rn cos
n
n
n
1

] [
]

= rn cos
n + i sin
n + cos
n - i sin
n

.
a
h

= r . 2 cos
n

b
i
t

1

2 n
1
= (P2 + Q2) . 2 cos .
n

a
r
p

( )

u
d

2n
Q
1
= P2 + Q2 . 2 cos . tan1
n
P

a(
n
e

.) e[
w
1

t
e
n

)]

2n
Q
1
= 2 P2 + Q2 . cos . tan1
n
P

19.

( )]

t
e
n

Solve the equation x4 + x3 16x2 4x + 48 = 0 given that the product of two


of its roots is '6'.

Sol:

x4 + x3 16x2 4x + 48 = 0

= 6 given
S1 + + + = 1 (1)

r
p

u
d

h
b

i
t
a

, , , are roots

S2 + + + + + = 16 (2)

a
n

S3 + + + = 4 (3)

e
e

S4 = 48 (4)

= 6 = 8 (5)

(2) 6 + ( + )( + ) + 8 = 16

.
a

( + )( + ) = 30 (6)

(3) ( + ) + ( + ) = 4
6( + ) + ( + )8 = 4 (7)

30
(6) + = (8)
+

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30
(7) 6 + 8( + ) = 4
+

t
e
n

180 + 8( + )2 = 4( + )
4( + )2 2( + ) 90 = 0

.
a
h

+=5

b
i
t

+ = 5; = 6 ( )2 = ( + )2 4
= 25 24 = 1

a
r
p

=1

u
d

+=5

= 3, = 2

a
n
e

30
(8) + = = 6
5

.e

( )2 = ( + )2 4

= (6)2 4(8)

= 2, = 4

3, 2, 2, 4

r
p

u
d

Roots: , , ,

a
n

h
b

i
t
a

+ = 6

20.

.
a

=4

=2

t
e
n

If the coefficients of rth, (r + 1)th, (r + 2)th terms in (1 + x)n are in A.P., then

e
e

show that n2 (4r + 1)n + (4r2 2) = 0


Sol: (1 + x)n : Tr = nCr 1 . xr 1
T
= nC . xr

r+1

Tr + 2 = nCr + 1 . xr + 1
Coeff's are in A.P.
nC
, nC , nC
r1

r + 1 are in A.P.

= 2 . nCr = nCr 1 + nCr + 1

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2. n
n
n
= +
r. nr
r 1 . n r
+1
r + 1 . n r
1
2[r + 1][n r + 1] = (r + 1)(r) + (n r + 1)(n r)

r + 1 . n r
+1
2(r + 1)(n r + 1) = (r + 1)r + (n r + 1) (n r)

t
e
n

.
a
h

b
i
t

2nr 2r2 + 2r + 2n 2r + 2 = r2 + r + n2 nr + n nr + r2 r

a
r
p

2nr 2r2 + 2n + 2 = 2r2 + n2 2nr + n 4nr + 4r2 n 2 + n2 = 0


n2 (4r + 1)n + (4r2 2) = 0
21.

u
d

If x is so small that x2 and high powers of x may be neglected, then find the
2
(8 + 3x) /3
approximate value of

(2 + 3x) 4 5x

a
n
e

.e

2
3x /3
4 1+
2
(8 + 3x) /3
8
Sol: =

3x
5x

2 1+ .2 1
(2 + 3x) 4 5x
2
4
1
2/
3
5 /2
3
3 1
1 + x
1 x
= 1+x
8
2
4

) (
( )] [

[
(

2 x
= 1+
1 8
=

)(

3x x
1+
2
4

.e

5
1 + x
8

) ati
r

5x
1+
8

5x 3x x
=1++
8
2
4

.
a

h
b

] [ du] p
a
) e[ n ]
3
1 x
2

5x 12x + 2x
= 1 +
8
5x
=1
8

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t
e
n

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22.

Find the Variance and Standard Deviation of the frequency distribution:

Sol:

xi

10

14

18

24

28

30

fi

12

xi

fi

fixi

xi
x

(xi
x )2

fi(xi
x )2

12

13

169

338

10

40

81

14

98

18

12

216

24

192

28

112

30

90

324

u
d

175
12

25

200

81

324

11

121

363

a
n
e

760

1736

fixi 760
Mean
x = = = 19
N
40
1
fi(xi
x)2
Variance 2 =

23.

b
i
t

.e

N = 40

.
a
h

a
r
p
25

t
e
n

1 (1736) = 43.4
=
40

t
e
n

.
a

h
b

i
t
a

If A, B, C are three events in a random experiment, prove the following:

( p) r

A
i) P = 1
A

()

ii) P = 0
A

u
( ) (a)d
n
e
e

A
B
iii) A B P P iv) P(A - B) = P(A) - P(A B)
C
C

()

A
v) If A, B are mutually exclusive and P(B) > 0, then P = 0
B

()

A
P(A)
vi) If A, B mutually exclusive, then P c = ; when P(B) 1
1 - P(B)
B

vii)

If A, B are mutually exclusive and

( )

A
P(A)
P(A B) 0, P = .
AB
P(A) + P(B)

A
P(A A)
P(A)
Sol: (i) P = = = 1
A
P(A)
P(A)

()

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P( A)
0
(ii) P = = = 0
A
P(A)
P(A)

()

(iii) A B

t
e
n

AC BC

.
a
h

P(A C) P(B C)
P(A C)
P(B C)

P(C)
P(C)

b
i
t

a
r
p

A
B
P P
C
C

() ()

(iv)

u
d

A B = A (A B)

P(A B) = P[A (A B)]

a
n
e

= P(A) P(A B)

( ) .e
w
w( )

A
P(A B) 0
(v) P = = = 0 A, B must exclusive, P(A B)= P() = 0
B
P(B)
P(B)

A
P(A Bc)
(vi) P c =
B
P(Bc)

P[A (A B)]
=
P(Bc)

P(A) P(A B)
=
1 P(B)
P(A) 0
=
1 P(B)
P(A)
=
1 P(B)

a
n

( ).ee

i
t
a

r
p

u
d

h
b

A
P[A (A B)
vii) P =
AB
P(A B)

P(A)
=
P(A) + P(B) P(A B)

.
a

[... A (A B) = A]

P(A)
=
P(A) + P(B) 0

P(A)
=
P(A) + P(B)

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t
e
n

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24.

In the experiment of tossing a coin 'n' times if the variable X denotes the
number of heads and P(X = 4), P(X = 5), P(X = 6) are in Arithmetic
Progression, then find 'n'.

t
e
n

Sol: When a coin is tossed 'n' times, we have


1
1
n = n, p = , q =
2
2
P(X = r) = nC . pr . qn r
r

.
a
h

b
i
t

( ) ( ) r(a)
p
u
( )( ) d ( )
a
n
( e) ( )
()
1 4

P(X = 4) = nC4 .
2

1 n4

1 n

= nC4
2

1 n
1 5 1 n5
P(X = 5) = nC5 .

= nC5 .
2
2
2
1 n
1 6 1 n6
P(X = 6) = nC6 .
= nC6
2
2
2

.e

P(X = 4), P(X = 5), P(X = 6) are in A.P.

w() ()
(
)
w

1 n
1 n
1 n
nC4 , nC5 , nC6 are in A.P.
2
2
2

.
a

nC4, nC5, nC6 are in A.P.


2 . nC5 = nC4 + nC6

n
n
n
2 . = +
5 n 5
4 n 4
6 n 6

r
p

2
1
1
= +
5 n 5
4 n 4
6 n 6

u
d

h
b

i
t
a

t
e
n

2 . 6. (n 4) = 6 . 5 . 1 + 1(n 4)(n5)

6 n 4

e
e

a
n

= 12(n 4) = 30 + (n 4) (n 5)

12n 48 30 = n2 9n + 20

n2 21n + 98 = 0

(n 7)(n 14) = 0

n = 7; n = 14 n = 7 (or) 14

Prepared by C. Sadasiva Sastry

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