ADDENDA "3" TO ANNEX " B

"
To: Commander Task Force 53

OPERATION PLAN A162-44

BEACH STUDY FOR ALTERNATE
ATTACK PLAN A167-44

Based on Submarine Reconnaissance 29 April, Aerial Photographs of 25 April, 7 May, 29 May and 6 June 1944
(Cloud Coverage on all Aerial Sorties renders Interpretation incomplete)

FOR DEFENSES SEE: ADDENDA No. I 6- No. 2 TO ANNEX "B"

SECRET
(Change to Restricted in Combat Area)

ALTERNATE 1. LOCATION:

NORTHERN ATTACK AREA

a) Grid Coordinates: FP 781045 to 775025.
LANDMARKS:
a) Ftom Air: Alutom and Anae Islands.
b) Fr om Sea • On the left, Alutom Island; in center
background, A1ifan-Lamlam range; and on the right,
Facpi Point.
3. DESCRIPTION OF REEF:
a) Reef-Mar A in: The ree f-face varies in width from 15
to 60 yds and genera 1ly has a normal 30-degree incli­ nation, but in several places is quite steep or over­ hung. There is a shallow opening at coordinates FP 77
3037 (314-G) narrowing from 70 yda in width at its
mouth to 30 yds at its head over a total length of 350
yds. At coordinates FP 774034 (314-M-R) there is a
channel 250 yds wide at its mouth narrowing to 120 yds
in its 230-yd length. Its head is par t iaIly blocked by
five large coral pinnacles. 850 yds off the reef-edge
is Anae Island, which is 350 yds long and 75 yds wide.
b) Reef-Flat: Ranging in width between 900 yds off the
north end of the beach to 450 off the center to 150
off the south end, this surface haa a very narrow
boulder zone and is partially bare or covered with
sand, silt, and grass. The four small streams in the
area discharge silt ina thin belt along the shoreline
or as miniature deltas at their mouths.
4. DESCRIPTION OF BEACH: With overall length of 2850 yds
and an average width of 10 yds, this coral sand beach
has an estimated 1:20 gradient and appears relatively
free of obstruetions.
5. PHYSIOGRAPHY: aj Prov inces~: The area may be roughly divided into the Coasta1 Plain, the Foot-Hi 1 Is, and the bountains. b) Coastal Plain: This relat ively level plain 120 to 550 yds in width is covered with fine- textured clayey and silty soils. A narrow, almost continuous grove of coconut trees and semi-dense underbrush grows along the beach. Most of the rest of the Plain is given over to the cultivation of rice-fieIds. Due to a complete lack of roads, movement inland would be hampered by the mud of irrigated padd ies, while laterally northward it might be more rapid along the beach pr oper. At the southern end of the beach, the Plain merges into the rugged shoreline typical of Facpi Point and vicinity. Observation is almost unlimited when inland of the groves as well as from small, local hills. Good con­ cealment is chiefly offered within the groves; while onlysha 1 low at ream-beds and the few irrigation ditches furnish any suitable cover. c) Foot-Hi 1 Is This 1000- to 1500-yd strip between the 50- and 400- ft contour 1ines of gently rolling terrain is covered with stream-laid gravels and other cc rae­ textured soils, which in places are barren and else­ where typically s uppor t much sword- , cogon- , and short bunch-grass , and s pa rse scrub-gr owth. In land and lateral movement impeded by hilly nature of terra in; practi­ cal ly un I imi ted obs e r vat ion is a f forded over t he Coas ta 1 Plain; some slight cover ma y be found behind rock out­ crops and in stream-beds; and, because of the general grassy character of the vegata t ion, very little con­ cealment is turnished except under a few, scattered 2. d) Mount a ins: This rugged country, rising fairly sharp­ ly from 400 ft to the 874-ft summit of Mt.A Iifan and the 1000-ft high crater of Mt . Lamlam ia heavily for­ ested down to about the 600-ft line in dense, tropical growth and large trees. It is compara t ive ly easy to traverse t he grassy si opes o f th is A 1ifan-Lamlam range , but only slow and labor ious progress can be made across the peaks and their connecting ridge.

Number with syi&ol indicates number of guns etc., dotted irdicates probable

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful