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APPENDIX A - FINAL ESTIMATE OF VALUES

FINAL ESTIMATE OF COST


TRADEOFF A - SMRF
Section
W 14X74
W 10X88
W 12X72
W 12X65
W 10X54
W 14X176
W 14X74

Total Length (m)


128
128
128
129
128
297
198

Weight (kg/m)
110.26
131.12
107.28
96.85
80.46
262.24
110.26
TOTAL

Unit Cost (Php/kg)


102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4

TRADEOFF B - SMRF with Shear Walls


Section
W 18X65
W 16X67
W14X82
W 12X82
W 14X68
W 21X111
W 8X24
CONCRETE

Total Length (m)


128
128
128
129
128
297
198

Weight (kg/m)
96.85
99.83
122.18
129.63
101.32
165.39
35.67
72 m3
TOTAL

Unit Cost (Php/kg)


102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4

TRADEOFF C - SMRF with Lateral X-Bracing


Section
W 12X72
W 16X57
W 14X61
W 12X72
W 12X50
W 30X191
W 14X82
L 6X3.5X3/8

Total Length (m)


128
128
128
129
128
297
198
315

Weight (kg/m)
107.28
84.93
90.89
107.28
74.5
284.59
122.18
38.39
TOTAL

Unit Cost (Php/kg)


102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4
102.4

72

FINAL ESTIMATE OF DURATION


TRADEOFF A - SMRF
Cost (Php)
1,445,200
1,718,616
1,406,140
1,279,350
1,054,605
7,975,453
2,235,544
17,114,908

Section
W 14X74
W 10X88
W 12X72
W 12X65
W 10X54
W 14X176
W 14X74

Length (m)
128
128
128
129
128
297
198

Weight (kg/m)
110.26
131.12
107.28
96.85
80.46
262.24
110.26

Volume (m3)
138.45
164.64
134.71
122.56
101.03
764.05
214.17
TOTAL

TRADEOFF B - SMRF with Shear Walls


Cost (Php)
1,269,432
1,308,492
1,601,438
1,712,360
1,328,022
5,029,973
723,216
1,440,000
14,412,933

Section
W 18X65
W 16X67
W14X82
W 12X82
W 14X68
W 21X111
W 8X24
CONCRETE

Length (m)
128
128
128
129
128
297
198

Weight (kg/m)
96.85
99.83
122.18
129.63
101.32
165.39
35.67

Volume (m3)
121.61
125.35
153.42
164.05
127.23
481.88
69.28
72 m3
TOTAL

TRADEOFF C - SMRF with Lateral X-Bracing


Cost (Php)
1,406,140
1,113,194
1,191,313
1,417,126
976,486
8,655,179
2,477,224
1,238,308
18,474,971

Section
W 12X72
W 16X57
W 14X61
W 12X72
W 12X50
W 30X191
W 14X82
L 6X3.5X3/8

Total Length (m)


128
128
128
129
128
297
198
315

Weight (kg/m)
110.26
131.12
107.28
96.85
80.46
262.24
110.26
38.39

Volume (m3)
138.45
164.64
134.71
122.56
101.03
764.05
214.17
118.63
TOTAL

73

FIN

TIMATE OF DURATION
TRADEOFF A - SMRF

Economic (Php)

Molding Time
Curing Time
Total
2
3
6
2
4
7
2
3
5
2
3
5

=5
2
3
4
11
19
31
%=(17,114,90814,412,933)/17,114,
3
5
9
908 10=1.596
66

TOTAL

=51.596=.

OFF B - SMRF with Shear Walls

TOTAL

Tradeoff B vs Tradeoff C

Molding Time
Curing Time
Total
%=(18,474,97114,412,933)/18,474,
2 .
3
5
971 10=

2
2
2
2
7
1 =5

3
4
4
3
12
2

=52.200=.

72 m3

%=(6650)/66 10=2.42

5
6
7
5
19
3
50

Ranking for Constructability Constraint


Tradeoff B vs Tradeoff A

=52.42=.

F C - SMRF with Lateral X-Bracing

TOTAL

Constructability (Days)
Environmental (mm)
Ranking for Economic Constraint
Tradeoff B vs Tradeoff A

Molding Time

Tradeoff B vs Tradeoff C
Curing Time

%=(7050)/70=2.857
2
3

2
4
2
3
=52.857=.
2
3
2
3
11
19
3
5
2 =5
3

%=(27.19813.13)/27.198
10=5.172
=55.172=.

Total
6
7
5
5
4
31
9
5
70

Ranking for Environmental Constraint


Tradeoff B vs Tradeoff A

Tradeoff B vs Tradeoff C

%=(14.35413.13)/14.354=0.853
74

FINAL RANKING
Tradeoff A
SMRF
17,114,908

Tradeoff B
SMRF w/ Shear Walls
14,412,933

Tradeoff C
SMRF w/ Bracing
18,474,971

66
27.198

50
13.13

70
14.354

onomic Constraint

onstructability Constraint

vironmental Constraint

75

Criteria

Importance

Economic
Constructability
Environmental

5
2
4
Overall

FINAL DESIGNER'S RANKING


Ability to Satisfy the Criterion
Tradeoff A
Tradeoff B
SMRF
SMRF w/ Shear Walls
3.4
5
2.58
5
-0.17
5
21.48
55

76

FINAL DESIGNER'S RANKING


Ability to Satisfy the Criterion
Tradeoff C
SMRF w/ Bracing
2.8
2.14
4.15
34.88

77

78

79

80

81

82

83

APPENDIX B - DESIGN OF BEAMS


DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)
2ND FLOOR
Given Values

Mu
Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

259.723
143.597
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Determination of Trial

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

fb

Determine the required section modulus

Sx

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1745.45
1795.45

1845.45

1895.45

1945.45

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

W12x79

W21x57

W14x74

W24x55

W16x67

1819

1835

1885

1950

A (mm2)

1753
14967.71

10774.17

14064.49

10516.11

12903.20

W (kg/m)

117.71

84.93

110.26

81.95

99.83

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)

Selected Trial Section


W

A
d
tw
bf
tf
h
k
k1

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)
The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc
The given length value is Lb

Compactness of the
bf/2tf
170/sqrt(Fy)
d/tw
1680/sqrt(Fy)

76

COMPACT

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Unbraced Leng
Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc


Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]

Lu

Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu


Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3
If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3
Else, Use Fb3

###
###
###
1
2
3
4

CASE

*Always check with the maximum


Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis
Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

Allowable Bending Stress


Case 1
Fb
Case 2
Fb
Case 3
Fb
Case 4
a
b
c
max Fb
Fb1
Fb2
Fb3
Fb(governs)
Fb

1
2

Allowable Bending Stress


Case 1
Fb
Case 2
Fb
CASE
Fb

77

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

Check for Flexural


fb(actual)
Fb

*Redesign means select another section

SAFE

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
*Allowable Shear Stress
Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

Check for Shear S


15
1
99
94
99

fv
max Fv
h/tw
998/sqrt(Fy)
*Cv
Fv

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8

SAFE

Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8


If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"

Check for Deflec


W

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

actual
allwable

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=19.939

SAFE

Y
k1=26.9875
k=35.052

78

h=290.576

d=360.68
tw=11.43

bf=256.54

79

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF A


3RD FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

219.395
141.19
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec
Determination of Trial Sections
148.80
MPa
1745.45
Selected Trial Section
110.26

mm3

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design


*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy
Determine the required section modulus

W14x74
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1474.43
1524.43

14064.49

mm2

360.68
11.43

mm
mm

256.54

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

19.94

mm

290.58
35.05
26.99
69.09

mm
mm
mm
mm

330.90

x106 mm4

1835.35
153.42

x103 mm3
mm

55.78

x106 mm4

435.90

x103 mm3

62.99

mm

1574.43

1624.43

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W18x50

W16x57

W12x72

W10x88

1511

1596

1614

A (mm2)

1457
9483.85

10838.69

13612.88

16709.64

W (kg/m)

74.5

84.93

107.28

131.12

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


6.43
10.80
31.56
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


The given length value is Lb

80

COMPACT

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3258.06
7885.86
3258.06

mm
mm
mm
mm

7885.86

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
163.68
MPa
Case 2
189.66
MPa
Case 3
148.80
MPa
Case 4
53.25
65.13
119.07
148.80
MPa
140.60
MPa
276.28
MPa
260.76
MPa

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy
Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc
Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

260.76

MPa
3

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

148.8

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

CASE

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
186.00
MPa
Case 2
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
186.00

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

81

Check for Flexural Stress


141.51
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

SAFE

*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
Check for Shear Stress
34.83
99.20
25.42
63.37
1.10
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

Check for Deflection


103.69
8.37
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=25.146

Y
k1=23.8125
k=37.846

82

h=198.628

d=274.32
tw=15.367

bf=261.62

83

OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)


3RD FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

207.64
140.27
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

1674.43

W14x68
1688
12903.20
101.32

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Sx

Determine the required section modulus

1474.43

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
131.12

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

W10x88
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1395.43

A
d
tw
bf
tf

16709.64

mm2

274.32
15.37

mm
mm

261.62

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

25.15

mm

A (mm )

1408
14580.62

h
k
k1

198.63
37.85
23.81
71.88

mm
mm
mm
mm

W (kg/m)

114.73

222.27

x106 mm4

1614.13
115.32

x103 mm3
mm

74.51

x106 mm4

570.27

x103 mm3

66.80

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sectio
W10x77

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
5.20
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
17.85
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the o


The given length value is Lb

84

COMPACT

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3322.58
13335.06
3322.58

Lu

440.945976
440.945976
440.945976
1
2
3
4

13335.06

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
191.81
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
62.60
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
142.49
MPa
Fb2
299.07
MPa
Fb3
440.95
MPa
Fb(governs)
440.95
MPa
CASE
Fb

1
2

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

186.00

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc

Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sq
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only,
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)

Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1

If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

85

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
135.92
Fb
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE

SAFE

*Redesign means select another

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
57.9961725
2.15698443
99.2
185.097626
99.2

Check for Shear Stress


fv
33.49
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
12.93
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
2.16
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv <

Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0
W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


87.96
10.57
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection

allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesi
else "Redesign"

tf=17.018

86

d=312.42

87

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)


4TH FLOOR

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Section for Initial Design

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

section modulus

Sx

= Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1445.43

1495.43

1545.43

1595.43

earest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W12x65

W14x61

W21x50

W12x72

1440

1509

1549

1596

12322.56

11548.36

9483.85

13612.88

96.85

90.89

74.5

107.28

Section is compact

. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

= 200bf/sqrt(Fy)

= 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

he greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


he given length value is Lb

1395.43

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
107.28

W12x72
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

13612.88

mm2

312.42
10.92

mm
mm

304.80

mm

17.02

mm

h
k
k1

247.90
32.26
26.99
83.57

mm
mm
mm
mm

248.49

x106 mm4

1596.10
134.87

x103 mm3
mm

81.17

x106 mm4

530.94

x103 mm3

77.22

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
8.96
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
28.60
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

88

COMPACT

owable Bending Stress - Major Axis

Lb
L1
L2
Lc
= Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]

Lu

ncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu

ncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu


= sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)

= sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)

Max Fb = 0.60Fy
b1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
b2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
b3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3870.96
9232.03
3870.96

305.27
404.2
305.27

a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

1
2
3

b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3

9232.03

Fb

owable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


1
2

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
191.51
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
53.85
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
148.43
MPa
Fb2
404.20
MPa
Fb3
305.27
MPa
Fb(governs)
305.27
MPa
3

CASE

Always check with the maximum

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

MPa

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

186.00

MPa

89

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
130.09
Fb
148.80

fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

Redesign means select another section

SAFE

Max Fv = 0.40Fy

18.808
1.2283
99.2
105.41
99.2

to solve for Cv,

= 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw) ), Cv < 0.8

= 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

Check for Shear Stress


fv
41.11
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
22.70
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.23
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

SAFE

"SAFE", else "Redesign"

actual

MPa
MPa

W
actual
allwable
= 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx

Check for Deflection


83.08
8.93
12.50

kN/m
mm
mm

SAFE

= L/360
section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
se "Redesign"

allowable

Y
k1=26.9875
k=32.258

90

h=247.904

X
tw=10.922

bf=304.8

91

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)


5TH FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

190.58
137.14
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design


*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy
Determine the required section modulus
fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx
1280.78
1330.78

1380.78

1430.78

1480.78

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

W12x58

W16x50

W10x77

W12x65

W18x50

1327

1408

1440

1457

A (mm2)

1278
10967.72

9483.85

14580.62

12322.56

9483.85

W (kg/m)

86.42

74.5

114.73

96.85

74.5

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)
The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc
The given length value is Lb

92

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy
Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc
Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3
If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3
Else, Use Fb3

280.21
401.75
280.21
1
2
3
4

*Always check with the maximum


Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis
Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

1
2

93

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"
*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
*Allowable Shear Stress
Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

15.663
1.121
99.2
96.193
99.2

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8
If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
Part 8. Check the deflection
Actual Deflection
actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=15.367

Y
k1=25.4
k=30.48

94

h=246.38

d=307.34
tw=9.906

bf=304.8

95

F A (SMRF)

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR

ROOF BE
Given Values

Mu

136.92
119.6
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Sx

Determine the required section modulus

1280.78

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
96.85

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

W12x65
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


920.16
970.16

A
d
tw
bf
tf

12322.56

mm2

307.34
9.91

mm
mm

304.80

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

15.37

mm

h
k
k1

246.38
30.48
25.40
83.31

mm
mm
mm
mm

221.85

x106 mm4

1440.42
134.11

x103 mm3
mm

72.42

x106 mm4

476.86

x103 mm3

76.71

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

1020.16

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W16x36

W10x54

W14x43

983

1026

A (mm2)

926
6838.70

10193.53

8129.02

W (kg/m)

53.64

80.46

64.07

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
9.92
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
31.03
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


The given length value is Lb

96

COMPACT

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3870.96
8474.18
3870.96

Lu

8474.18

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
191.52
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
54.01
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
148.33
MPa
Fb2
401.75
MPa
Fb3
280.21
MPa
Fb(governs)
280.21
MPa
CASE
Fb

148.8

186.00

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc


Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

97

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
132.31
Fb
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

SAFE

*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
Check for Shear Stress
fv
45.05
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
24.87
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.12
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


76.24
9.17
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=15.621

Y
k1=20.6375

98

d=256.54
tw=9.398

bf=254

99

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)


ROOF BEAMS

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa
Sx
1070.16

1120.16

Trial Sections
W16x40

W18x40

1060

1121

7612.89

7612.89

59.6

59.6

920.16

Selected Trial Section


W
80.46

mm3
W10x54
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

10193.53

mm2

256.54
9.40

mm
mm

254.00

mm

15.62

mm

h
k
k1

199.64
28.45
20.64
69.85

mm
mm
mm
mm

126.12

x106 mm4

983.22
111.00

x103 mm3
mm

42.87

x106 mm4

337.57

x103 mm3

65.02

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
8.13
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
27.30
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

100

COMPACT

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3225.80
8600.03
3225.80

Lu

284.374
284.374
284.374
1
2
3
4

8600.03

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
191.67
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
64.42
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
141.14
MPa
Fb2
282.41
MPa
Fb3
284.37
MPa
Fb(governs)
284.37
MPa
3

CASE
Fb

1
2

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

MPa

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

186.00

MPa

101

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
139.26
Fb
148.80

ons are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

MPa
MPa

SAFE

21.4714
1.31243
99.2
112.624
99.2

Check for Shear Stress


fv
49.61
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
21.24
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.31
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

SAFE

W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


54.88
11.62
12.50

kN/m
mm
mm

SAFE

k=28.448

102

h=199.644

103

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)


2ND FLOOR
Given Values

Mu
Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

276.34
177.32
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Determination of Trial

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

fb

Determine the required section modulus

Sx

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1857.12
1907.12

1957.12

2007.12

2057.12

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

W14x74

W18x65

W16x67

W14x82

W10x112

1917

1950

2016

2065

A (mm2)

1835
14064.49

12322.56

12903.20

15483.84

21225.76

W (kg/m)

110.26

96.85

99.83

122.18

166.88

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)

Selected Trial Section


W

A
d
tw
bf
tf
h
k
k1

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)
The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc
The given length value is Lb

Compactness of the
bf/2tf
170/sqrt(Fy)
d/tw
1680/sqrt(Fy)
COMPACT
91

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Unbraced Leng
Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc


Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]

Lu

Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu


Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3
If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3
Else, Use Fb3

###
###
###
1
2
3
4

CASE

*Always check with the maximum


Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis
Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

Allowable Bending Stress


Case 1
Fb
Case 2
Fb
Case 3
Fb
Case 4
a
b
c
max Fb
Fb1
Fb2
Fb3
Fb(governs)
Fb

1
2

Allowable Bending Stress


Case 1
Fb
Case 2
Fb
CASE
Fb

92

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

Check for Flexural


fb(actual)
Fb

*Redesign means select another section

SAFE

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
*Allowable Shear Stress
Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

Check for Shear S


8
1
99
67
99

fv
max Fv
h/tw
998/sqrt(Fy)
*Cv
Fv

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8

SAFE

Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8


If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"

Check for Deflec


W

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

actual
allwable

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=19.05

SAFE

Y
k1=22.225
k=29.21

93

h=408.94

d=467.36
tw=11.43

bf=192.786

94

r Walls)

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF


3RD FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

278.83
178.37
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec
Determination of Trial Sections
148.80
MPa
1857.12
Selected Trial Section
96.85

mm3

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design


*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy
Determine the required section modulus

W18x65
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1873.86
1923.86

12322.56

mm2

467.36
11.43

mm
mm

192.79

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

19.05

mm

408.94
29.21
22.23
50.04

mm
mm
mm
mm

445.37

x106 mm4

1917.29
190.25

x103 mm3
mm

22.81

x106 mm4

235.97

x103 mm3

42.93

mm

1973.86

2023.86

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W24x55

W18x65

W16x67

W14x82

1917

1950

2016

A (mm2)

1885
10516.11

12322.56

12903.20

15483.84

W (kg/m)

81.95

96.85

99.83

122.18

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


5.06
10.80
40.89
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


The given length value is Lb

COMPACT
95

Unbraced Length
4500.00
2448.38
4369.50
2448.38

mm
mm
mm
mm

4369.50

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
163.68
MPa
Case 2
183.76
MPa
Case 3
148.80
MPa
Case 4
53.25
89.93
119.07
148.80
MPa
118.18
MPa
144.92
MPa
144.48
MPa

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy
Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc
Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

144.48

MPa
4

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

144.484725

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

CASE

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
186.00
MPa
Case 2
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
186.00

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

96

Check for Flexural Stress


144.13
144.48

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

SAFE

*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
Check for Shear Stress
33.19
99.20
35.78
63.37
0.78
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

Check for Deflection


110.12
6.60
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=16.891

Y
k1=25.4
k=34.798

97

h=344.424

d=414.02
tw=10.033

bf=259.08

98

MS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)

DESIG

3RD FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

273.46
177.33
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

2073.86

W21x62
2081
11806.43
92.38

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Sx

Determine the required section modulus

1873.86

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
99.83

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

W16x67
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1837.77

A
d
tw
bf
tf

12903.20

mm2

414.02
10.03

mm
mm

259.08

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

16.89

mm

A (mm )

1835
14064.49

h
k
k1

344.42
34.80
25.40
69.85

mm
mm
mm
mm

W (kg/m)

110.26

403.74

x106 mm4

1950.06
177.04

x103 mm3
mm

49.53

x106 mm4

380.18

x103 mm3

61.98

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sectio
W14x74

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
7.67
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
41.27
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the o


The given length value is Lb

COMPACT
99

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3290.32
5877.34
3290.32

Lu

194.343908
282.40505
194.343908
1
2
3
4

5877.34

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
188.58
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
64.42
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
141.14
MPa
Fb2
282.41
MPa
Fb3
194.34
MPa
Fb(governs)
194.34
MPa
CASE
Fb

1
2

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

186.00

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc

Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sq
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only,
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)

Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1

If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

100

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
142.99
Fb
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE

SAFE

*Redesign means select another

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
8.2219892
0.81214915
99.2
69.693076
99.2

Check for Shear Stress


fv
42.94
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
34.33
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
0.81
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv <

Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0
W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


111.13
7.35
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection

allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesi
else "Redesign"

tf=21.717

101

d=363.22

102

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)


4TH FLOOR

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Section for Initial Design

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

section modulus

Sx

= Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1887.77

1937.77

1987.77

2037.77

earest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W24x55

W12x87

W14x82

W14x82

1885

1934

2016

2016

10516.11

16516.10

15483.84

15483.84

81.95

129.63

122.18

122.18

Section is compact

. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

= 200bf/sqrt(Fy)

= 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

he greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


he given length value is Lb

1837.77

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
122.18

W14x82
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

15483.84

mm2

363.22
12.95

mm
mm

256.54

mm

21.72

mm

h
k
k1

289.56
36.83
26.99
69.60

mm
mm
mm
mm

366.70

x106 mm4

2015.61
153.67

x103 mm3
mm

61.60

x106 mm4

480.14

x103 mm3

62.99

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
5.91
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
28.04
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68
COMPACT
103

owable Bending Stress - Major Axis

Lb
L1
L2
Lc
= Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]

Lu

ncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu

ncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu


= sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)

= sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)

Max Fb = 0.60Fy
b1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
b2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
b3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3258.06
8528.99
3258.06

282.03
282.03
282.03

a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

1
2
3

b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3

8528.99

Fb

owable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


1
2

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
189.73
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
64.66
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
140.96
MPa
Fb2
280.35
MPa
Fb3
282.03
MPa
Fb(governs)
282.03
MPa
3

CASE

Always check with the maximum

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

MPa

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

186.00

MPa

104

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
135.67
Fb
148.80

fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

Redesign means select another section

SAFE

Max Fv = 0.40Fy

19.392
1.2473
99.2
107.03
99.2

to solve for Cv,

= 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw) ), Cv < 0.8

= 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

Check for Shear Stress


fv
37.69
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
22.35
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.25
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

SAFE

"SAFE", else "Redesign"

actual

MPa
MPa

W
actual
allwable
= 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx

Check for Deflection


109.23
7.95
12.50

kN/m
mm
mm

SAFE

= L/360
section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
se "Redesign"

allowable

Y
k1=26.9875
k=36.83

105

h=289.56

X
tw=12.954

bf=256.54

106

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)


5TH FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

271.72
143.48
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design


*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy
Determine the required section modulus
fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx
1826.08
1876.08

1926.08

1976.08

2026.08

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

W21x57

W24x55

W12x87

W16x67

W14x82

1885

1934

1950

2016

A (mm2)

1819
10774.17

10516.11

16516.10

12903.20

15483.84

W (kg/m)

84.93

81.95

129.63

99.83

122.18

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)
The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc
The given length value is Lb

107

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy
Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc
Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3
If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3
Else, Use Fb3

366.18
411.61
366.18
1
2
3
4

*Always check with the maximum


Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis
Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

1
2

108

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"
*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
*Allowable Shear Stress
Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

27.426
1.4833
99.2
127.29
99.2

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8
If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
Part 8. Check the deflection
Actual Deflection
actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=20.574

Y
k1=26.9875
k=35.814

109

h=245.872

d=317.5
tw=13.081

bf=307.34

110

RF with Shear Walls)

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEO

ROOF BE
Given Values

Mu

223.74
166.5
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Sx

Determine the required section modulus

1826.08

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
129.63

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

W12x87
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1503.63
1553.63

A
d
tw
bf
tf

16516.10

mm2

317.50
13.08

mm
mm

307.34

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

20.57

mm

h
k
k1

245.87
35.81
26.99
84.33

mm
mm
mm
mm

308.01

x106 mm4

1933.67
136.65

x103 mm3
mm

100.31

x106 mm4

650.57

x103 mm3

77.98

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

1603.63

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W14x61

W21x50

W18x55

1549

1611

A (mm2)

1509
11548.36

9483.85

10451.59

W (kg/m)

90.89

74.5

81.95

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
7.47
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
24.27
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


The given length value is Lb

COMPACT
111

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3903.22
11074.06
3903.22

Lu

11074.06

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
191.58
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
53.36
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
148.73
MPa
Fb2
411.61
MPa
Fb3
366.18
MPa
Fb(governs)
366.18
MPa
CASE
Fb

148.8

186.00

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc


Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

112

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
140.52
Fb
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

SAFE

*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
Check for Shear Stress
fv
34.55
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
18.80
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.48
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


108.62
9.41
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=18.288

Y
k1=26.9875

113

d=355.6
tw=10.541

bf=254

114

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)


ROOF BEAMS

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa
Sx
1653.63

1703.63

Trial Sections
W14x68

W14x68

1688

1688

12903.20

12903.20

101.32

101.32

1503.63

Selected Trial Section


W
101.32

mm3
W14x68
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

12903.20

mm2

355.60
10.54

mm
mm

254.00

mm

18.29

mm

h
k
k1

289.05
33.27
26.99
68.83

mm
mm
mm
mm

300.52

x106 mm4

1687.87
152.65

x103 mm3
mm

50.36

x106 mm4

396.57

x103 mm3

62.48

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
6.94
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
33.73
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68
COMPACT
115

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3225.80
7263.58
3225.80

Lu

240.182
274.249
240.182
1
2
3
4

7263.58

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
189.67
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
65.37
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
140.42
MPa
Fb2
274.25
MPa
Fb3
240.18
MPa
Fb(governs)
240.18
MPa
3

CASE
Fb

1
2

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

MPa

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

186.00

MPa

116

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
132.56
Fb
148.80

ons are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

MPa
MPa

SAFE

12.8859
1.01673
99.2
87.2485
99.2

Check for Shear Stress


fv
44.42
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
27.42
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.02
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

SAFE

W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


89.39
7.94
12.50

kN/m
mm
mm

SAFE

k=33.274

117

h=289.052

118

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)


2ND FLOOR
Given Values

Mu
Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

207.26
150.77
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Determination of Trial

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

fb

Determine the required section modulus

Sx

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1392.88
1442.88

1492.88

1542.88

1592.88

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

W10x77

W12x65

W14x61

W21x50

W12x72

1440

1509

1549

1596

A (mm2)

1408
14580.62

12322.56

11548.36

9483.85

13612.88

W (kg/m)

114.73

96.85

90.89

74.5

107.28

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)

Selected Trial Section


W

A
d
tw
bf
tf
h
k
k1

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)
The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc
The given length value is Lb

Compactness of the
bf/2tf
170/sqrt(Fy)
d/tw
1680/sqrt(Fy)
COMPACT
106

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Unbraced Leng
Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc


Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]

Lu

Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu


Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3
If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3
Else, Use Fb3

###
###
###
1
2
3
4

CASE

*Always check with the maximum


Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis
Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

Allowable Bending Stress


Case 1
Fb
Case 2
Fb
Case 3
Fb
Case 4
a
b
c
max Fb
Fb1
Fb2
Fb3
Fb(governs)
Fb

1
2

Allowable Bending Stress


Case 1
Fb
Case 2
Fb
CASE
Fb

107

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

Check for Flexural


fb(actual)
Fb

*Redesign means select another section

SAFE

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
*Allowable Shear Stress
Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

Check for Shear S


19
fv
1
max Fv
99
h/tw
### 998/sqrt(Fy)
99
*Cv
Fv

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8

SAFE

Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8


If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"

Check for Deflec


W

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

actual
allwable

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=17.018

SAFE

Y
k1=26.9875
k=32.258

108

h=247.904

d=312.42
tw=10.922

bf=304.8

109

cing)

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMR


3RD FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

209.95
180.15
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec
Determination of Trial Sections
148.80
MPa
1392.88
Selected Trial Section
107.28

mm3

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design


*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy
Determine the required section modulus

W12x72
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1410.95
1460.95

13612.88

mm2

312.42
10.92

mm
mm

304.80

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

17.02

mm

247.90
32.26
26.99
83.57

mm
mm
mm
mm

248.49

x106 mm4

1596.10
134.87

x103 mm3
mm

81.17

x106 mm4

530.94

x103 mm3

77.22

mm

1510.95

1560.95

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W10x77

W18x50

W16x57

W21x50

1457

1511

1549

A (mm2)

1408
14580.62

9483.85

10838.69

9483.85

W (kg/m)

114.73

74.5

84.93

74.5

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


8.96
10.80
28.60
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


The given length value is Lb

COMPACT
110

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3870.96
9232.03
3870.96

mm
mm
mm
mm

9232.03

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
163.68
MPa
Case 2
191.51
MPa
Case 3
148.80
MPa
Case 4
53.25
53.85
119.07
148.80
MPa
148.43
MPa
404.20
MPa
305.27
MPa

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy
Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc
Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

305.27

MPa
3

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

148.8

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

CASE

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
186.00
MPa
Case 2
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
186.00

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

111

Check for Flexural Stress


129.85
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

SAFE

*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
Check for Shear Stress
44.18
99.20
22.70
63.37
1.23
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

Check for Deflection


82.93
8.91
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=18.161

Y
k1=22.225
k=28.448

112

h=359.664

d=416.56
tw=10.922

bf=180.848

113

AMS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)

DES

3RD FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

214.97
134.52
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

1610.95

W18x55
1611
10451.59
81.95

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Sx

Determine the required section modulus

1410.95

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
84.93

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

W16x57
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1444.69

A
d
tw
bf
tf

10838.69

mm2

416.56
10.92

mm
mm

180.85

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

18.16

mm

A (mm )

1440
12322.56

h
k
k1

359.66
28.45
22.23
47.24

mm
mm
mm
mm

W (kg/m)

96.85

315.50

x106 mm4

1510.89
170.69

x103 mm3
mm

17.94

x106 mm4

198.28

x103 mm3

40.64

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sectio
W12x65

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
4.98
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
38.14
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the o


The given length value is Lb

COMPACT
114

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
2296.77
4384.18
2296.77

Lu

144.970256
144.970256
144.970256
1
2
3
4

4384.18

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
184.59
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
95.25
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
112.44
MPa
Fb2
129.19
MPa
Fb3
144.97
MPa
Fb(governs)
144.97
MPa
CASE
Fb

1
2

mm
mm
mm
mm

144.97026

186.00

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc

Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sq
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only,
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)

Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1

If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

115

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
138.96
Fb
144.97

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE

SAFE

*Redesign means select another

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
8.93536905
0.84664937
99.2
72.6536486
99.2

Check for Shear Stress


fv
39.60
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
32.93
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
0.85
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv <

Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0
W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


83.78
7.09
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection

allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesi
else "Redesign"

tf=16.383

116

d=353.06

117

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)


4TH FLOOR

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Section for Initial Design

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

section modulus

Sx

= Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


1494.69

1544.69

1594.69

1644.69

earest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W14x61

W21x50

W12x72

W10x88

1509

1549

1596

1614

11548.36

9483.85

13612.88

16709.64

90.89

74.5

107.28

131.12

Section is compact

. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

= 200bf/sqrt(Fy)

= 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

he greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


he given length value is Lb

1444.69

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
90.89

W14x61
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

11548.36

mm2

353.06
9.53

mm
mm

253.75

mm

16.38

mm

h
k
k1

290.07
31.50
25.40
68.58

mm
mm
mm
mm

266.39

x106 mm4

1509.25
151.89

x103 mm3
mm

44.54

x106 mm4

352.32

x103 mm3

62.23

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
7.74
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
37.07
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68
COMPACT
118

owable Bending Stress - Major Axis

Lb
L1
L2
Lc
= Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]

Lu

ncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu

ncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu


= sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)

= sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)

Max Fb = 0.60Fy
b1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
b2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
b3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3222.58
6547.22
3222.58

216.49
272.23
216.49

a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

1
2
3

b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3

6547.22

Fb

owable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


1
2

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
189.63
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
65.62
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
140.23
MPa
Fb2
272.23
MPa
Fb3
216.49
MPa
Fb(governs)
216.49
MPa
3

CASE

Always check with the maximum

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

MPa

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

186.00

MPa

119

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
142.44
Fb
148.80

fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

Redesign means select another section

SAFE

Max Fv = 0.40Fy

10.448
0.9155
99.2
78.563
99.2

to solve for Cv,

= 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw) ), Cv < 0.8

= 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

Check for Shear Stress


fv
40.00
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
30.45
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
0.92
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

SAFE

"SAFE", else "Redesign"

actual

MPa
MPa

W
actual
allwable
= 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx

Check for Deflection


85.82
8.60
12.50

kN/m
mm
mm

SAFE

= L/360
section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
se "Redesign"

allowable

Y
k1=25.4
k=31.496

120

h=290.068

X
tw=9.525

bf=253.746

121

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)


5TH FLOOR
Given Values

Mu

220.3
137.17
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design


*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy
Determine the required section modulus
fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx
1480.51
1530.51

1580.51

1630.51

1680.51

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

W18x50

W21x50

W12x72

W10x88

W14x68

1549

1596

1614

1688

A (mm2)

1457
9483.85

9483.85

13612.88

16709.64

12903.20

W (kg/m)

74.5

74.5

107.28

131.12

101.32

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)
The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc
The given length value is Lb

122

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy
Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc
Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3
If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3
Else, Use Fb3

305.27
404.2
305.27
1
2
3
4

*Always check with the maximum


Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis
Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

1
2

123

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"
*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
*Allowable Shear Stress
Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

18.808
1.2283
99.2
105.41
99.2

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8
If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
Part 8. Check the deflection
Actual Deflection
actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=17.018

Y
k1=26.9875
k=32.258

124

h=247.904

d=312.42
tw=10.922

bf=304.8

125

MRF with Bracing)

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADE

ROOF BE
Given Values

Mu

147.64
140.44
4.5
248
20.7
200000
21383.71

Vu

Lb
Fy
f'c
Es
Ec

kNm
kN
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa

Part 1. Select a Trial Section for Initial Design

Sx

Determine the required section modulus

1480.51

mm3

Selected Trial Section


W
107.28

*Assume that fb = 0.60Fy

W12x72
kg/m

fb = Mu/Sx, solve for Sx


992.20
1042.20

A
d
tw
bf
tf

13612.88

mm2

312.42
10.92

mm
mm

304.80

mm

Shape
Sx (x103 mm3)

17.02

mm

h
k
k1

247.90
32.26
26.99
83.57

mm
mm
mm
mm

248.49

x106 mm4

1596.10
134.87

x103 mm3
mm

81.17

x106 mm4

530.94

x103 mm3

77.22

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

1092.20

Choose a trial section nearest to the computed Sx


Trial Sections
W8x67

W12x50

W10x60

1052

1093

A (mm2)

990
12709.65

9419.34

11354.82

W (kg/m)

99.83

74.5

89.4

Part 2. Determine if the Section is compact


Criteria of a Compact Section

a. bf/2tf < 170/sqrt(Fy) - flange


b. d/tw < 1680/sqrt(Fy) - web

Part 3. Unbraced Length


L1 = 200bf/sqrt(Fy)
L2 = 137900/((d/Af)*Fy)

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
8.96
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
28.60
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68

The greater value is Lu, and the other is Lc


The given length value is Lb

COMPACT
126

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
3870.96
9232.03
3870.96

Lu

9232.03

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
191.51
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
53.85
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
148.43
MPa
Fb2
404.20
MPa
Fb3
305.27
MPa
Fb(governs)
305.27
MPa
CASE
Fb

148.8

186.00

Case 2. Noncompact, Lb < Lc


Fb = Fy*[.79 - 0.000762*(bf/2tf)*sqrt(Fy)]
Case 3. Compact or Noncompact, Lc < Lb < Lu
Fb = 0.60Fy
Case 4. Compact or Noncompact, Compression Only, Lb > Lu
a = sqrt(703270*Cb/Fy)
b = Lb/rt
c = sqrt(3516330*Cb/Fy)
Max Fb = 0.60Fy
Fb1 = Fy*((2/3)-(((Fy*b)^2)/10.55*10^6Cb))
Fb2 = 1172100*Cb/(b^2)
Fb3 = 82740*Cb/(Lb*d/Af)
Cb is equal to 1
If a < b < c, use larger of Fb1 and Fb3

If b > c, use larger of Fb2 and Fb3


Else, Use Fb3

MPa

*Always check with the maximum

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

Part 4. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1. Compact, Lb < Lc
Fb = 0.66Fy

Part 5. Compute the Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1. Compact
Fb = 0.75Fy
Case 2. NonCompact
Fb = 0.60Fy

MPa

127

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
138.02
Fb
148.80

MPa
MPa

Part 6. Check the Flexural Stress


Compte for actual fb
If fb < Fb, dimensions are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

SAFE

*Redesign means select another section

Part 7. Check the Shear Stress


*Actual Shear Stress
fv = Vu/dtw
Check for Shear Stress
fv
40.20
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
22.70
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.23
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

*Allowable Shear Stress


Max Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw < 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = 0.40Fy
If h/tw > 998/sqrt(Fy)
Fv = Fy*Cv/2.89
to solve for Cv,

SAFE

Cv = 450000*kv/(Fy*(h/tw)2), Cv < 0.8


Cv = 190*sqrt(kv/Fy)/(h/tw), Cv > 0.8

W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


88.08
9.46
12.50

If fv < Fv, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"


kN/m
mm
mm

Part 8. Check the deflection


Actual Deflection

SAFE

actual = 5*W*(Lb^4)/EIx
Allowable Deflection
allowable = L/360
If actual < allowable, the section is "SAFE", else "Redesign"
else "Redesign"

tf=16.256

Y
k1=23.8125

128

d=309.88
tw=9.398

bf=205.232

129

DESIGN OF BEAMS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)


ROOF BEAMS

Determination of Trial Sections


fb
148.80
MPa
Sx
1142.20

1192.20

Trial Sections
W14x48

W16x45

1150

1191

9096.76

8580.63

71.52

67.05

992.20

Selected Trial Section


W
74.50

mm3
W12x50
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

9419.34

mm2

309.88
9.40

mm
mm

205.23

mm

16.26

mm

h
k
k1

251.97
28.96
23.81
55.12

mm
mm
mm
mm

162.75

x106 mm4

1052.05
131.57

x103 mm3
mm

23.43

x106 mm4

227.78

x103 mm3

49.78

mm

rt
Ix
Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

Compactness of the Section


bf/2tf
6.31
170/sqrt(Fy)
10.80
d/tw
32.97
1680/sqrt(Fy)
106.68
COMPACT
130

Lb
L1
L2
Lc

Unbraced Length
4500.00
2606.45
5986.57
2606.45

Lu

197.956
197.956
197.956
1
2
3
4

5986.57

mm

Allowable Bending Stress - Major Axis


Case 1
Fb
163.68
MPa
Case 2
Fb
189.12
MPa
Case 3
Fb
148.80
MPa
Case 4
a
53.25
b
81.64
c
119.07
max Fb
148.80
MPa
Fb1
126.47
MPa
Fb2
175.84
MPa
Fb3
197.96
MPa
Fb(governs)
197.96
MPa
3

CASE
Fb

1
2

mm
mm
mm
mm

148.8

MPa

Allowable Bending Stress - Minor Axis


Case 1
Fb
186.00
MPa
Case 2
Fb
148.8
MPa
1
CASE
Fb

186.00

MPa

131

Check for Flexural Stress


fb(actual)
140.34
Fb
148.80

ons are "SAFE", else, "Redesign"

MPa
MPa

SAFE

13.4798
1.03989
99.2
89.2364
99.2

Check for Shear Stress


fv
48.22
max Fv
99.20
h/tw
26.81
998/sqrt(Fy)
63.37
*Cv
1.04
Fv
99.20

MPa
MPa

MPa

SAFE

W
actual
allwable

Check for Deflection


59.06
9.69
12.50

kN/m
mm
mm

SAFE

k=28.956

132

h=251.968

133

APPENDIX C - DESIGN OF COLUMNS


DESIGN OF COLUMNS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)
GROUND FLOOR TO FOURTH FLOOR
Given
Pu
Es
Fy
f'c
Lb
k

2843.74
200000
248
20.7
5
1

kN
MPa
MPa
MPa
m

Part 1. Determine a Trial Section


*Assume kL/r = 100 (pick a value < critical to have an intermediate column)
Cc = sqrt( 2^2*Es/Fy)
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = (5/3)+(3(kL/r)/8Cc)-((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

Determination of Trial Secti


kL/r
Cc
1.9
0.52
89
103

INTERMEDIATE Column
FS
Fa
A

Solve for the Required Area

rmin

Pu = Fa/A , solve for A


Solve for the Required Minimum Radius of Gyration

Selected Trial Section


W

rmin = kL/100
Choose a Trial Section based on the Required Area and rmin

A
d
tw
bf
tf

31791.06

32191.06

32591.06

32991.06

33391.06

Select the Trial Section considering the rmin computed


Trial Sections
Shape

W40x167

W12x170

W36x170

W30x173

W14x176

h
k

A (mm )

31741.87

32258.00

32322.52

32903.16

33419.29

k1

rx

388.62

145.796

145.796

145.796

145.796

ry

60.96

81.788

64.262

86.868

102.108

rt
Ix

W (kg/m)

248.83

253.3

253.3

257.77

262.24

Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

121

Part 2. Determine the Slenderness Ratio


Compute for:

SLENDERNESS RATIO
kL/rx

1.92

kL/ry
*Use the greater value between the 2

0.52
120

kL/rx
kL/ry

429
COLUMN DESIGN
Part 3. Compute for Allowable Compressive Stress
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = 5/3 + (3(kL/r)/8Cc) - ((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

kL/r
Cc
INTERMEDIATE
FS
Fa
Pa
SAFE

Part 4. Check the Capacity of the Column


Pa = AFa
If Pa > Pu, the section is "SAFE",
else, "Redesign"

122

123

DESIGN OF COLUMNS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)


FOURTH FLOOR TO ROOF
Given
Pu
Es
Fy
f'c
Lb
k

1111.57
200000
248
20.7
5
1

kN
MPa
MPa
MPa
m

Part 1. Determine a Trial Section


Determination of Trial Sections
100
126.17
INTERMEDIATE Column
1.90
89.45
MPa
31791.06
mm2
50
Selected Trial Section
262.24

*Assume kL/r = 100 (pick a value < critical to have an intermediate column)
Cc = sqrt( 2^2*Es/Fy)
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = (5/3)+(3(kL/r)/8Cc)-((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2
Solve for the Required Area

W14x176
kg/m

33419.29
386.08
21.08
398.78

mm2
mm
mm
mm

33.27

mm

289.05
48.51

mm
mm

Pu = Fa/A , solve for A


Solve for the Required Minimum Radius of Gyration
rmin = kL/100
Choose a Trial Section based on the Required Area and rmin
12426.59

12826.59

13226.59

13626.59

Select the Trial Section considering the rmin computed


Trial Sections
Shape

W18x65

W21x68

W18x71

W12x72

41.28
109.73

mm
mm

A (mm )

12322.56

12903.20

13419.33

13612.88

rx

190.246

218.44

218.44

218.44

890.74

x106 mm4

ry

42.926

45.72

43.18

77.216

4604.76
163.32

x103 mm3
mm

W (kg/m)

96.85

101.32

105.79

107.28

348.80

x106 mm4

1753.42

x103 mm3

102.11

mm

124

Part 2. Determine the Slenderness Ratio


SLENDERNESS RATIO
30.61

Compute for:
kL/rx

48.97

kL/ry
*Use the greater value between the 2

COLUMN DESIGN
48.97
126.17
INTERMEDIATE
1.92
119.65
3998.49
SAFE

Part 3. Compute for Allowable Compressive Stress

MPa
kN

*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)


FS = 5/3 + (3(kL/r)/8Cc) - ((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2
Part 4. Check the Capacity of the Column
Pa = AFa
If Pa > Pu, the section is "SAFE",
else, "Redesign"

125

126

UMNS FOR TRADEOFF A (SMRF)

TH FLOOR TO ROOF

1.9
0.52
89
103

Determination of Trial Sections


kL/r
100
Cc
126.17
INTERMEDIATE Column
FS
1.90
Fa
89.45
MPa
A
12426.59
mm2
rmin

50

Selected Trial Section


W
110.26

W14x74
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

14064.49
360.68
11.43
256.54

mm2
mm
mm
mm

19.94

mm

W14x74

h
k

290.58
35.05

mm
mm

14064.49

k1

218.44

rt
Ix

26.99
69.09

mm
mm

330.90

x106 mm4

1835.35
153.42

x103 mm3
mm

55.78

x106 mm4

435.90

x103 mm3

62.99

mm

14026.59

mputed

62.992
110.26

Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

127

1.92
0.52
104

SLENDERNESS RATIO
kL/rx
32.59

kL/ry

79.38

kL/r
Cc

COLUMN DESIGN
79.38
126.17

FS
Fa
Pa

INTERMEDIATE
1.92
103.79
1459.69

163

MPa
kN

SAFE

128

129

DESIGN OF COLUMNS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)


GROUND FLOOR TO FOURTH FLOOR
Given
Pu
Es
Fy
f'c
Lb
k

1871.88
200000
248
20.7
5
1

kN
MPa
MPa
MPa
m

Part 1. Determine a Trial Section


*Assume kL/r = 100 (pick a value < critical to have an intermediate column)
Cc = sqrt( 2^2*Es/Fy)
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = (5/3)+(3(kL/r)/8Cc)-((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

Determination of Trial Secti


kL/r
Cc
1.9
0.52
89
103

INTERMEDIATE Column
FS
Fa
A

Solve for the Required Area

rmin

Pu = Fa/A , solve for A


Solve for the Required Minimum Radius of Gyration

Selected Trial Section


W

rmin = kL/100
Choose a Trial Section based on the Required Area and rmin

A
d
tw
bf
tf

20926.34

21326.34

21726.34

22126.34

22526.34

Select the Trial Section considering the rmin computed


Trial Sections
Shape

W21x111

W10x112

W27x114

W30x116

W18x119

h
k

A (mm2)

21096.73

21225.76

21612.86

22064.47

22645.12

k1

rx

229.87

118.364

118.364

118.364

118.364

ry

73.66

68.072

55.372

55.626

68.326

rt
Ix

W (kg/m)

165.39

166.88

169.86

172.84

177.31

Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

125

Part 2. Determine the Slenderness Ratio


Compute for:

SLENDERNESS RATIO
kL/rx

1.92

kL/ry
*Use the greater value between the 2

0.52
111

kL/rx
kL/ry

224
COLUMN DESIGN
Part 3. Compute for Allowable Compressive Stress

kL/r
Cc

*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)


FS = 5/3 + (3(kL/r)/8Cc) - ((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

INTERMEDIATE
FS
Fa
Pa
SAFE

Part 4. Check the Capacity of the Column


Pa = AFa
If Pa > Pu, the section is "SAFE",
else, "Redesign"

126

127

r Walls)

DESIGN OF COLUMNS FOR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear


FOURTH FLOOR TO ROOF
Given
Pu
Es
Fy
f'c
Lb
k

251.7
200000
248
20.7
5
1

kN
MPa
MPa
MPa
m

Part 1. Determine a Trial Section


Determination of Trial Sections
100
126.17
INTERMEDIATE Column
1.90
89.45
MPa
20926.34
mm2

*Assume kL/r = 100 (pick a value < critical to have an intermediate column)
Cc = sqrt( 2^2*Es/Fy)
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = (5/3)+(3(kL/r)/8Cc)-((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

50
Selected Trial Section
165.39

Solve for the Required Area


W21x111
kg/m

21096.73
546.10
13.97
312.42

mm2
mm
mm
mm

22.23

mm

476.00
35.05

mm
mm

28.58
83.31

mm
mm

1111.34

Pu = Fa/A , solve for A


Solve for the Required Minimum Radius of Gyration
rmin = kL/100
Choose a Trial Section based on the Required Area and rmin
2813.83

3213.83

3613.83

4013.83

Select the Trial Section considering the rmin computed


Trial Sections
Shape

W10x15

W10x17

W10x19

W8x21

A (mm2)

2845.16

3219.35

3625.80

3974.19

rx

100.33

102.87

102.87

102.87

x106 mm4

ry

20.574

21.463

22.1996

32.004

4080.38
229.87

x10 mm
mm

W (kg/m)

22.35

25.33

28.31

31.29

114.05

x106 mm4

729.22

x103 mm3

73.66

mm

128

Part 2. Determine the Slenderness Ratio


SLENDERNESS RATIO
21.75

Compute for:
kL/rx

67.88

kL/ry
*Use the greater value between the 2

COLUMN DESIGN
67.88
126.17
INTERMEDIATE
1.92
110.67
2334.68
SAFE

Part 3. Compute for Allowable Compressive Stress


*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
MPa
kN

FS = 5/3 + (3(kL/r)/8Cc) - ((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))


Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2
Part 4. Check the Capacity of the Column
Pa = AFa
If Pa > Pu, the section is "SAFE",
else, "Redesign"

129

130

OR TRADEOFF B (SMRF with Shear Walls)

TH FLOOR TO ROOF

1.9
0.52
89
103

Determination of Trial Sections


kL/r
100
Cc
126.17
INTERMEDIATE Column
FS
1.90
Fa
89.45
MPa
A
2813.83
mm2
rmin

50

Selected Trial Section


W
35.76

W8x24
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

4567.73
201.42
6.22
165.10

mm2
mm
mm
mm

10.16

mm

W8x24

h
k

161.09
20.17

mm
mm

4567.73

k1

102.87

rt
Ix

14.29
44.70

mm
mm

34.42

x106 mm4

342.49
86.87

x103 mm3
mm

7.62

x106 mm4

92.26

x103 mm3

40.89

mm

4413.83

mputed

40.894
35.76

Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

131

1.92
0.52
69

SLENDERNESS RATIO
kL/rx
57.56

kL/ry

122.27

kL/r
Cc

COLUMN DESIGN
122.27
126.17
INTERMEDIATE

FS
Fa
Pa

1.92
68.64
313.51

69

MPa
kN

SAFE

132

133

DESIGN OF COLUMNS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)


GROUND FLOOR TO FOURTH FLOOR
Given
Pu
Es
Fy
f'c
Lb
k

3104.67
200000
248
20.7
5
1

kN
MPa
MPa
MPa
m

Part 1. Determine a Trial Section


*Assume kL/r = 100 (pick a value < critical to have an intermediate column)
Cc = sqrt( 2^2*Es/Fy)
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = (5/3)+(3(kL/r)/8Cc)-((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

Determination of Trial Secti


kL/r
Cc
1.9
0.52
89
103

INTERMEDIATE Column
FS
Fa
A

Solve for the Required Area

rmin

Pu = Fa/A , solve for A


Solve for the Required Minimum Radius of Gyration

Selected Trial Section


W

rmin = kL/100
Choose a Trial Section based on the Required Area and rmin

A
d
tw
bf
tf

34708.08

35108.08

35508.08

35908.08

36308.08

Select the Trial Section considering the rmin computed


Trial Sections
Shape

W40x183

W40x183

W12x190

W12x190

W30x191

h
k

A (mm2)

34709.61

34709.61

35999.93

35999.93

36322.51

k1

rx

398.78

398.78

398.78

398.78

398.78

ry

63.5

63.5

82.55

82.55

87.884

rt
Ix

W (kg/m)

272.67

272.67

283.1

283.1

284.59

Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

129

Part 2. Determine the Slenderness Ratio


Compute for:

SLENDERNESS RATIO
kL/rx

1.92

kL/ry
*Use the greater value between the 2

0.52
116

kL/rx
kL/ry

318
COLUMN DESIGN
Part 3. Compute for Allowable Compressive Stress

kL/r
Cc

*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)


FS = 5/3 + (3(kL/r)/8Cc) - ((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

INTERMEDIATE
FS
Fa
Pa
SAFE

Part 4. Check the Capacity of the Column


Pa = AFa
If Pa > Pu, the section is "SAFE",
else, "Redesign"

130

131

acing)

DESIGN OF COLUMNS FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Brac


FOURTH FLOOR TO ROOF
Given
Pu
Es
Fy
f'c
Lb
k

1234.91
200000
248
20.7
5
1

kN
MPa
MPa
MPa
m

Part 1. Determine a Trial Section


Determination of Trial Sections
100
126.17
INTERMEDIATE Column
1.90
89.45
MPa
34708.08
mm2

*Assume kL/r = 100 (pick a value < critical to have an intermediate column)
Cc = sqrt( 2^2*Es/Fy)
*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
FS = (5/3)+(3(kL/r)/8Cc)-((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))
Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2

50
Selected Trial Section
284.59

Solve for the Required Area


W30x191
kg/m

36322.51
779.78
18.03
381.00

mm2
mm
mm
mm

30.23

mm

679.70
50.04

mm
mm

30.16
100.84

mm
mm

3829.33

Pu = Fa/A , solve for A


Solve for the Required Minimum Radius of Gyration
rmin = kL/100
Choose a Trial Section based on the Required Area and rmin
13805.45

14205.45

14605.45

15005.45

Select the Trial Section considering the rmin computed


Trial Sections
Shape

W21x73

W14x74

W10x77

W12x79

A (mm2)

13870.94

14064.49

14580.62

14967.71

rx

219.456

153.416

153.416

153.416

x106 mm4

ry

45.974

62.992

66.04

77.47

9832.24
325.12

x10 mm
mm

W (kg/m)

108.77

110.26

114.73

117.71

280.12

x106 mm4

1466.64

x103 mm3

87.88

mm

132

Part 2. Determine the Slenderness Ratio


SLENDERNESS RATIO
15.38

Compute for:
kL/rx

56.89

kL/ry
*Use the greater value between the 2

COLUMN DESIGN
56.89
126.17
INTERMEDIATE
1.92
116.24
4222.00
SAFE

Part 3. Compute for Allowable Compressive Stress


*If kL/r < Cc (Intermediate Columns)
MPa
kN

FS = 5/3 + (3(kL/r)/8Cc) - ((kL/r)^3/8(Cc^3))


Fa = (1 - (kL/r)^2/2(Cc^2))*(Fy/FS)
*If kL/r > Cc (Long Columns)
Fa = 12*^2*E/23(kL/r)^2
Part 4. Check the Capacity of the Column
Pa = AFa
If Pa > Pu, the section is "SAFE",
else, "Redesign"

133

134

FOR TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)

TH FLOOR TO ROOF

1.9
0.52
89
103

Determination of Trial Sections


kL/r
100
Cc
126.17
INTERMEDIATE Column
FS
1.90
Fa
89.45
MPa
A
13805.45
mm2
rmin

50

Selected Trial Section


W
122.18

W14x82
kg/m

A
d
tw
bf
tf

15483.84
363.22
12.95
256.54

mm2
mm
mm
mm

21.72

mm

W14x82

h
k

289.56
36.83

mm
mm

15483.84

k1

153.416

rt
Ix

26.99
69.60

mm
mm

366.70

x106 mm4

2015.61
153.67

x103 mm3
mm

61.60

x106 mm4

480.14

x103 mm3

62.99

mm

15405.45

mputed

62.992
122.18

Sx
rx
Iy
Sy
ry

135

1.92
0.52
104

SLENDERNESS RATIO
kL/rx
32.54

kL/ry

79.38

kL/r
Cc

COLUMN DESIGN
79.38
126.17
INTERMEDIATE

FS
Fa
Pa

1.92
103.79
1607.00

163

MPa
kN

SAFE

136

137

APPENDIX D - DESIGN OF TENSION MEMBERS


DESGIGN OF TENSION MEMBERS - TRADEOFF C (SMRF with Bracing)
LATERAL X BRACING
Given
Fy
Fu
L
P

248
415
3.81
321.23

MPa
MPa
m
kN

Part 1. Determine the Trial Section


*Assume kL/r = 300 (maximum for lateral bracing)

Determination of Trial Sectio


rmin

rmin = kL/300

Ag

Ag = P/(.6*Fy)
*Select a Trial Section based on the Ag and rmin
2158.80

Selected Trial Section

2208.80
2258.80
Trial Sections

2308.80

2358.80

rx
ry

Shape

L5x3x7/16

L6x3-1/2x3/8

L4x3-1/2x1/2

L6x4x3/8

L5x5x3/8

A (mm )

2135.48

2219.35

2258.06

2329.03

2354.83

rx
ry
W (kg/m)

40.39
21.11
37.07

49.02
24.99
38.39

31.24
26.42
39.04

49.02
29.46
40.35

39.37
39.37
40.68

t
d
b

Part 2. Determine the Capacity of the Member


According to Net Area
Pt = 0.5Fu*U*An
*Assume Reduction Coefficient

Tensile Capacity
According to Net Area
U
bolt

U = 0.85
An = Ag - holes
According to Gross Area

An
Pt
According to Gross Area

Pt = 0.6Fy*Ag
Governing Pt is smaller of the two
Part 3. Check the Capacity
*If Pt < P, Reselect another section

Ag
Pt

Check Governing Tensile Capa


Pt
SAFE

133

RS
with Bracing)

Determination of Trial Section


12.69
mm
2158.80
Selected Trial Section

mm2
L6x3-1/2x3/8

49.02

mm

24.99

mm

2219.35

mm2

9.53
152.40
88.90

mm
mm
mm

38.39

kg/m

Tensile Capacity
cording to Net Area
0.85
22

mm

2009.80
354.48
cording to Gross Area

mm2
kN

2219.35

mm2

330.24

kN

Check Governing Tensile Capacity


330.24
kN
SAFE

134

APPENDIX E - DESIGN OF CONNECTIONS


FRAMED CONNECTION DESIGN (Winning Tradeoff)
BEAMS CONNECTED TO CORNER COLUMNS

Bolted Connection Details


Function
Column
Beam Connected to Column Web
Beam Connected to Column Flange
Single Angle for Beam to Column Web
Single Angle for Beam to Column Flange

Member
1
2
3
4
5

Single Angle
L6x6x7/16

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
W14x74
L6x6x7/16
L6x6x7/16

Section Properties
Column
W14x176

A325 Bolts

3277.4128

mm2

33419.29

mm2

Type
bolt

152.4

mm

tw

21.08

mm

hole

152.4
mm
11.1125
mm
Beam 2
W14x74

tf

33.27

mm

Fv

Section

b
t
Section
A
d
tw

Section

14064.49
360.68

mm2
mm

11.43

mm

Spacing
Beam 3
Section
A
d
tw

Member Properties
W14x74

Type

14064.49
360.68

mm2
mm

11.43

mm

Fu
Fy

134

Reaction

276.34

kN

Reaction

276.34

kN

Part 1. Bolted Connection for Beam (2) to Column Web


Determine the Required Number of Bolts Based on Connection to the Web of Beam 2
A. Shear Failure of Bolts (Double)
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = n*pi*(bolt2)/4
B. Bearing of Bolts
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = n*boltt
Fb = 1.2Fu
C. Shear of Angular Section
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = dt
Fv = 0.3Fu
D. Bearing of Angular Section
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = holet
Fb = 1.2Fu
E. Check for Block Shear of Beam Section
P = FvAv + FtAt
where Fv = 0.3*Fu
Ft = 0.5*Fu
Av = Shear Area
At = Tension Area

Component
1. Shear of Bolts
2. Bearing of Bolts
3. Shear of Angular Section
4. Bearing of Angular Section
Governing Values
E. Block Shear of Beam Section
Remarks

Summary of Results
Number of Bolts
4
4
6
4
6

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN
440.06 kN
SAFE

135

Part 2. Bolted Connection for Beam (3) to Column Flange


Determine the Required Number of Bolts Based on Connection to the Web of Beam 3
A. Shear Failure of Bolts (Double)
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = n*pi*(bolt2)/4
B. Bearing of Bolts
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = n*boltt
Fb = 1.2Fu
C. Shear of Angular Section
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = dt
Fv = 0.3Fu
D. Bearing of Angular Section
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = holet
Fb = 1.2Fu
E. Check for Block Shear of Beam Section
P = FvAv + FtAt
where Fv = 0.3*Fu
Ft = 0.5*Fu
Av = Shear Area
At = Tension Area

Component
1. Shear of Bolts
2. Bearing of Bolts
3. Shear of Angular Section
4. Bearing of Angular Section
Governing Values
E. Block Shear of Beam Section
Remarks

Summary of Results
Number of Bolts
4
4
6
4
6

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN
440.06 kN
SAFE

136

FRAMED CONNECTION DESIGN (Winning Tradeoff)


BEAMS CONNECTED TO EXTERIOR COLUMNS

Bolted Connection Details


Function
Column
Beam Connected to Column Web
Beam Connected to Column Flange
Single Angle for Beam to Column Web
Single Angle for Beam to Column Flange

Member
1
2
3&4
5
6&7

Single Angle
L6x6x7/16

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
W14x74
L6x6x7/16
L6x6x7/16

Section Properties
Column
W14x176

A325 Bolts

3277.4128

mm2

33419.29

mm2

Type
bolt

152.4

mm

tw

21.08

mm

hole

152.4
mm
11.1125
mm
Beam 2
W14x74

tf

33.27

mm

Fv

Section

b
t
Section
A
d

14064.49
360.68

Section

mm2
mm

Spacing
Section
A
d

Beam 3 & 4
W14x74
14064.49
360.68

Member Properties
Type
mm2
mm

Fu
Fy
137

tw
Reaction

11.43
276.34

mm
kN

tw
Reaction

11.43
276.34

mm
kN

Part 1. Bolted Connection for Beam (2) to Column Web


Determine the Required Number of Bolts Based on Connection to the Web of Beam 2
A. Shear Failure of Bolts (Double)
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = n*pi*(bolt2)/4
B. Bearing of Bolts
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = n*boltt
Fb = 1.2Fu
C. Shear of Angular Section
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = dt
Fv = 0.3Fu
D. Bearing of Angular Section
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = holet
Fb = 1.2Fu
E. Check for Block Shear of Beam Section
P = FvAv + FtAt
where Fv = 0.3*Fu
Ft = 0.5*Fu
Av = Shear Area
At = Tension Area

Component
1. Shear of Bolts
2. Bearing of Bolts
3. Shear of Angular Section
4. Bearing of Angular Section
Governing Values
E. Block Shear of Beam Section
Remarks

Summary of Results
Number of Bolts
4
4
6
4
6

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN
440.06 kN
SAFE

138

Part 1. Bolted Connection for Beam (3 & 4) to Column Flange


Determine the Required Number of Bolts Based on Connection to the Web of Beam 3 and 4
A. Shear Failure of Bolts (Double)
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = n*pi*(bolt2)/4
B. Bearing of Bolts
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = n*boltt
Fb = 1.2Fu
C. Shear of Angular Section
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = dt
Fv = 0.3Fu
D. Bearing of Angular Section
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = holet
Fb = 1.2Fu
E. Check for Block Shear of Beam Section
P = FvAv + FtAt
where Fv = 0.3*Fu
Ft = 0.5*Fu
Av = Shear Area
At = Tension Area

Component
1. Shear of Bolts
2. Bearing of Bolts
3. Shear of Angular Section
4. Bearing of Angular Section
Governing Values
E. Block Shear of Beam Section
Remarks

Summary of Results
Number of Bolts
4
4
6
4
6

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN
440.06 kN
SAFE

139

FRAMED CONNECTION DESIGN (Winning Tradeoff)


BEAMS CONNECTED TO INTERIOR COLUMNS

Bolted Connection Details


Function
Column
Beam Connected to Column Web
Beam Connected to Column Flange
Single Angle for Beam to Column Web
Single Angle for Beam to Column Flange

Member
1
2&3
4&5
6&7
8&9

Single Angle
L6x6x7/16

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
W14x74
L6x6x7/16
L6x6x7/16

Section Properties
Column
W14x176

A325 Bolts

3277.4128

mm2

33419.29

mm2

Type
bolt

152.4

mm

tw

21.08

mm

hole

152.4

mm

tf

33.27

mm

Fv

Section

Section

140

t
Section
A
d
tw
Reaction

11.1125
mm
Beam 2 & 3
W14x74
14064.49
360.68

mm2
mm

19.94
276.34

mm
kN

Spacing
Section
A
d
tw
Reaction

Beam 3 & 4
W14x74

Member Properties
Type

14064.49
360.68

mm2
mm

19.94
276.34

mm
kN

Fu
Fy

Part 1. Bolted Connection for Beam (2 & 3) to Column Web


Determine the Required Number of Bolts Based on Connection to the Web of Beam 2 & 3
A. Shear Failure of Bolts (Double)
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = n*pi*(bolt2)/4
B. Bearing of Bolts
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = n*boltt
Fb = 1.2Fu
C. Shear of Angular Section
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = dt
Fv = 0.3Fu
D. Bearing of Angular Section
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = holet
Fb = 1.2Fu
E. Check for Block Shear of Beam Section
P = FvAv + FtAt
where Fv = 0.3*Fu
Ft = 0.5*Fu
Av = Shear Area
At = Tension Area

Component
1. Shear of Bolts
2. Bearing of Bolts
3. Shear of Angular Section
4. Bearing of Angular Section
Governing Values
E. Block Shear of Beam Section

Summary of Results
Number of Bolts
4
4
6
4
6

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN
767.65 kN

141

Remarks

SAFE

Part 1. Bolted Connection for Beam (4 & 5) to Column Flange


Determine the Required Number of Bolts Based on Connection to the Web of Beam 4 & 5
A. Shear Failure of Bolts (Double)
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = n*pi*(bolt2)/4
B. Bearing of Bolts
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = n*boltt
Fb = 1.2Fu
C. Shear of Angular Section
P = AvFv, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Av = dt
Fv = 0.3Fu
D. Bearing of Angular Section
P = AbFb, solve for n (number of bolts)
where Ab = holet
Fb = 1.2Fu
E. Check for Block Shear of Beam Section
P = FvAv + FtAt
where Fv = 0.3*Fu
Ft = 0.5*Fu
Av = Shear Area
At = Tension Area

Component
1. Shear of Bolts
2. Bearing of Bolts
3. Shear of Angular Section
4. Bearing of Angular Section
Governing Values

Summary of Results
Number of Bolts
4
4
6
4
6

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

142

E. Block Shear of Beam Section


Remarks

767.65 kN
SAFE

SPLICE CONNETION DESIGN (Winning Tradeoff)


COLUMN (GROUND-4TH FLR) TO COLUMN (4TH FLR - ROOF) CONNECTION

Bolted Connection Details


Function
Bottom Column
Top Column
Plates

Member
1
2
3

Column 1
W14x176

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
P20

Section Properties
Column 2
W14x74

A325 Bolts

33419.29

mm2

14064.49

mm2

Type
bolt

tw

21.08

mm

tw

11.43

mm

hole

tf

33.27

mm

tf
Reaction

19.94
1500.00
Member Properties
A36
400
248

mm
kN

Fv

Section

Section

Plate
Section
t

P20
40

mm

Part 1. Determine the Required Number of Bolts

Type
Fu
Fy

Spacing

MPa
MPa
Summary of Results
143

Ae = P/0.5Fu

Ae

Ae = 0.85*(Ag - nholetf)

n
Pmax1

Solve for n

Pmax2

Part 2. Check for the Required Capacity of the Connection


Pmax1 = 0.5FuAe

Remarks

Pmax2 = 0.6FyAg

BRACING CONNECTION DESIGN (Sample for Tradeoff 3)


TENSION MEMBER (BRACING )TO COLUMN

Bolted Connection Details


Function
Tension Member
Column
Gusset Plate

Member
1
2
3

Column
W14x176

Shape
L6x3-1/2x3/8
W14x176
P20

Section Properties
Tension Member
L6x3-1/2x3/8

A325 Bolts

33419.29

mm2

2219.35

mm2

Type
bolt

tw

21.08

mm

9.53

mm

hole

tf

33.27

mm

Reaction

200.00

kN

Fv

Section

Section

Spacing
Plate
Section
t

P20
40

mm

Type
Fu
Fy

Member Properties
A36
400
248

MPa
MPa

144

Summary of Results

Part 1. Determine the Required Number of Bolts


Ae = P/0.5Fu
Ae = 0.85*(Ag - nholetf)
Solve for n
Part 2. Check for the Required Capacity of the Connection
Pmax1 = 0.5FuAe

Ae
n
Pmax1
Pmax2
Remarks

Pmax2 = 0.6FyAg

145

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
W14x74
L6x6x7/16
L6x6x7/16

A325 Bolts
A325
22

mm

25

mm

207
70
Member Properties
A36

MPa
mm

400
248

MPa
MPa

146

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

147

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

148

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
W14x74
L6x6x7/16
L6x6x7/16

A325 Bolts
A325
22

mm

25

mm

207
70
Member Properties
A36

MPa
mm

400
248

MPa
MPa
149

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

150

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

151

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
W14x74
L6x6x7/16
L6x6x7/16

A325 Bolts
A325
22

mm

25

mm

207

MPa

152

70
Member Properties
A36

mm

400
248

MPa
MPa

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

153

Capacity
314.75 kN
469.39 kN
353.43 kN
533.40 kN

154

ONNECTION

Shape
W14x176
W14x74
P20

A325 Bolts
A325
22

mm

25

mm

207
70

MPa
mm

Summary of Results
155

7500

mm2

10

pcs

1543.55546

kN

2092.795814
SAFE

kN

f 3)

Shape
L6x3-1/2x3/8
W14x176
P20

A325 Bolts
A325
22

mm

25

mm

207
70

MPa
mm

156

Summary of Results
1000

mm2

pcs

215364.568

kN

330239.3395
SAFE

kN

157

COLUMN BASE PLATE DESIGN (Winning Tradeoff)


INTERIOR COLUMNS
Given
P
d
bf
f'c
Support

1871.88
546.10
312.42
20.7
Full

kN
mm
mm
MPa

A1

170612.562

mm2

Not Full

A2
Fy(base plate)
Fy(bolts)

0
345
345

mm2
MPa
MPa

7.2
0

Full

Part 1. Allowable Bearing Stress of the Base Plate


If the base plate has a full area of support,
Fp = 0.35f'c
If the base plate does not have full area of support
Fp = 0.35f'c*sqrt(A2/A1)
The allowable bearing stress should not exceed the max
max Fp = 0.7f'c

Allowable Bering Stess


Fp
7.245
Max Fp
14.49
Governing Fp
7.245

Part 2. Solve for the Dimensions of the Base Plate


Determine the required area of the base plate
Fp = P/Arequired, solve for Arequired
Solve for B and N, such that m and n are almost equal
= .5*(.95d - .8bf)
N = sqrt(Arequired) +
B = Arequired/N

MPa
MPa
MPa

Area of Base Plate


required A

N
required B
m
n

258368.530
134.4295
650
400
65.6025
75.032

mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
145

Check if the actual compressive stress


fp = P/NB
If fp < Fp, dimensions are safe, else redesign

fp

7.200
OK

MPa

146

Part 3. Solve for the thickness of the plate.


Solve for c, which is the greatest among m, n, and n'
N = 0.95d + 2m, solve for m
B = 0.8bf + 2n, solve for n
n' = sqrt(dbf)/4
= 2(1-sqrt(1-q))/sqrt(q) < 1
q = 4fpdbf/((d+bf)^2)Fp) < 1
* if q > 0.64, use 1 as the value of , else, use the
computed value for
Solve for thickness of the plate
t = 2c*sqrt(fp/Fy)
Part 4. Solve for the number of bolts
Solve for the reaction at the bolts
P = 2T, Solve for T
Solve for the compressive stress at the bolts
Ft = 0.6Fy
Solve for the number of bolts in a row
T = nAboltsFt, solve for n
Abolts = pi*(dbolts)/4

n'
q

n'
c
t

Thickness of Base Plate


103.26

mm

0.92
1

103.26
103.26
30.00

mm
mm

dbolts

Number of Anchor Bolts


935.94
207
36

kN
MPa
mm

Abolt
n

1017.8760197631
6

mm2
pcs

T
Ft

147

148

BASE PLATE DESIGN (Winning Tradeoff)


INTERIOR COLUMNS

149

150

151

152

For W, S, M, and HP Shapes

For WT

tf=21.59

k1=28.575
k=38.1

T=685.8

d=762
tw=14.351

bf=266.7

Shape

W30x116

W=

173

kg/m

A=

22064

mm2

d=

762.00

mm

tw =

14.35

mm

tw/2 =

7.18

mm

bf =

266.70

mm

tf =

21.59

mm

h=

685.80

mm

k=

38.10

mm

k1 =

28.58

mm

rt =

67.06

mm

d/Af =

0.13

Ix =

2052

x 106 mm4

Sx =

5391

x 103 mm3

rx =

304.80

Iy =

68

x 106 mm4

Sy =

513

x 103 mm3

ry =

55.63

mm

Zx =

6194

x 103 mm3

Zy =

22064

x 103 mm3

mm

d=14.8

PROPERTIES VIEWER
For WT, ST, and MT Shapes
tf=2.09

bf=14.4

k=2.88

X
tw=1.16

Shape

Shape

WT13.5x153.5

W=

kg/m

W=

A=

45

mm2

A=

d=

14.80

mm

d=

tw =

1.16

mm

b=

bf =

14.40

mm

t=

tf =

2.09

mm

k=

k=

2.88

mm

Ix =

Ix =

753

x 106 mm4

Sx =

Sx =

66

x 103 mm3

rx =

rx =

4.08

y=

x 106 mm4

Iy =

Iy =

527

x 106 mm4

Sy =

Sy =

73

x 103 mm3

ry =

ry =

3.41

mm

mm

y=

x=

S VIEWER

L9x4x5/8

86

kg/m

4987

mm2

228.60

mm

101.60

mm

15.88

mm

28.58

mm

27

x 106 mm4

188

x 103 mm3

73.66

mm

85

mm

x 106 mm4

43

x 103 mm3

26.42

mm

21.793

mm

SHAPE

W44x285
W44x248
W44X224
W44x198
W40x328
W40x298
W40x268
W40x244
W40x221
W40x192
W40x655
W40x593
W40x531
W40x480
W40x466
W40x436
W40x397
W40x362
W40x324
W40x297
W40x277
W40x249
W40x215
W40x199
W40x183
W40x167
W40x149
W36x848
W36x798
W36x720
W36x650

kg/m

mm

425
370
334
295
489
444
399
364
329
286
976
884
791
715
694
650
592
539
483
443
413
371
320
297
273
249
222
1264
1189
1073
969

54064
46968
42452
37419
62193
56516
50839
46258
41806
36452
123871
112258
100645
90322
88387
82580
75484
69032
61484
56387
52516
47290
40903
37742
34710
31742
28258
160645
151613
136129
123226

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

1118.11
1107.95
1100.07
1089.91
1016.00
1008.13
1000.00
992.12
982.22
970.28
1107.95
1092.20
1075.44
1061.97
1077.98
1050.04
1041.40
1031.24
1021.08
1010.92
1008.38
1000.76
990.60
982.98
990.60
980.44
970.28
1078.23
1066.80
1046.23
1028.70

26.01
21.97
19.99
18.01
23.11
21.08
19.05
18.03
18.03
18.03
50.04
45.47
40.89
37.08
42.42
34.04
30.99
28.45
25.40
23.62
21.08
19.05
16.51
16.51
16.51
16.51
16.00
64.01
60.45
54.99
50.04

13.00
10.99
9.99
9.00
11.56
10.54
9.53
9.02
9.02
9.02
25.02
22.73
20.45
18.54
21.21
17.02
15.49
14.22
12.70
11.81
10.54
9.53
8.26
8.26
8.26
8.26
8.00
32.00
30.23
27.50
25.02

300.00
300.00
300.00
300.00
454.91
452.88
450.85
449.83
449.83
449.83
428.50
424.18
419.35
415.54
321.06
412.50
408.94
406.40
403.86
401.32
401.32
401.32
401.32
401.32
299.72
299.72
299.72
460.50
457.20
451.49
447.04

45.01
40.01
35.97
30.99
43.94
40.01
35.94
32.00
27.05
21.08
89.92
82.04
73.91
67.06
74.93
60.96
55.88
51.05
45.97
41.91
40.13
36.07
30.99
27.18
30.99
25.91
21.08
115.06
108.97
99.06
89.92

981.58
980.95
982.60
981.96
857.25
855.73
857.12
858.77
858.39
855.98
857.12
868.17
856.36
858.77
868.43
856.36
869.70
869.19
869.19
867.16
868.17
868.68
868.68
868.68
868.68
868.17
868.17
789.31
800.61
789.05
800.61

68.26
63.50
58.74
53.98
79.38
76.20
71.44
66.68
61.91
57.15
125.41
112.01
109.54
101.60
104.78
96.84
85.85
81.03
75.95
71.88
70.10
66.04
60.96
57.15
60.96
56.13
51.05
144.46
133.10
128.59
114.05

SHAPE

k1

rt

mm

mm

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm3

434.34
436.88
434.34
429.26
424.18
421.64
419.10
416.56
406.40
393.70
436.88
431.80
429.26
426.72
414.02
421.64
421.64
419.10
416.56
414.02
416.56
414.02
411.48
406.40
398.78
388.62
381.00
416.56
414.02
411.48
406.40

204
181
163
140
691
620
549
487
411
320
1190
1049
916
807
420
716
641
574
508
454
433
385
331
289
140
118
95
1894
1748
1532
1344

1360
1213
1082
934
3032
2737
2442
2163
1835
1426
5555
4949
4359
3884
2622
3474
3130
2835
2507
2261
2163
1934
1655
1445
932
785
636
8210
7653
6784
6014

W SHAPES
W44x285
W44x248
W44X224
W44x198
W40x328
W40x298
W40x268
W40x244
W40x221
W40x192
W40x655
W40x593
W40x531
W40x480
W40x466
W40x436
W40x397
W40x362
W40x324
W40x297
W40x277
W40x249
W40x215
W40x199
W40x183
W40x167
W40x149
W36x848
W36x798
W36x720
W36x650

34.93
33.34
33.34
31.75
42.86
41.28
39.69
39.69
39.69
39.69
57.15
53.98
50.80
50.80
50.80
49.21
46.04
44.45
42.86
42.86
41.28
39.69
39.69
39.69
39.69
39.69
38.10
57.15
60.33
52.39
55.56

74.93
75.18
75.18
74.68
120.14
119.38
118.62
117.60
115.82
112.52
112.52
111.25
109.98
108.71
81.79
107.70
106.93
105.92
105.16
104.39
104.90
104.14
103.89
102.62
75.69
73.91
72.14
122.94
121.92
120.14
118.62

0.08
0.09
0.10
0.12
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.13
0.15
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03

10239
8907
7992
6951
11155
10073
8949
7992
6909
5619
23517
20978
18439
16441
15109
14735
13319
12029
10656
9657
9115
8158
6951
6202
5536
4828
4079
28054
26056
23018
20354

18354
16108
14568
12716
21959
19992
17862
16108
14060
11602
42442
38346
34249
30972
28022
28022
25564
23270
20975
19173
18026
16272
14076
12618
11192
9832
8407
51947
48833
44081
39657

SHAPE

W44x285
W44x248
W44X224
W44x198
W40x328
W40x298
W40x268
W40x244
W40x221
W40x192
W40x655
W40x593
W40x531
W40x480
W40x466
W40x436
W40x397
W40x362
W40x324
W40x297
W40x277
W40x249
W40x215
W40x199
W40x183
W40x167
W40x149
W36x848
W36x798
W36x720
W36x650

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

mm

mm

mm3

61.47
61.98
61.98
61.21
105.41
104.65
103.89
102.62
99.06
93.73
98.04
96.52
95.25
94.49
69.09
93.22
92.46
91.44
90.93
89.92
90.93
90.17
89.92
87.63
63.50
60.96
58.17
108.46
107.44
106.17
104.39

21467
18845
16879
14781
24744
22450
19992
18026
15846
13224
50144
45228
40148
35724
33593
32446
29497
26875
23925
21795
20484
18354
15797
14240
12831
11356
9799
62762
58666
52275
46867

2212
1934
1721
1475
4687
4211
3753
3327
2819
2212
8865
7882
6915
6129
4293
5473
4916
4425
3917
3523
3343
2982
2556
2245
1468
1245
1019
13093
12176
10750
9504

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W36x588
W36x527
W36x485
W36x439
W36x393
W36x359
W36x328
W36x300
W36x280
W36x260
W36x245
W36x230
W36x256
W36x232
W36x210
W36x194
W36x182
W36x170
W36x160
W36x150
W36x135
W33x619
W33x567
W33x515
W33x468
W33x424
W33x387
W33x354
W33x318

876
785
723
654
586
535
489
447
417
387
365
343
381
346
313
289
271
253
238
224
201
922
845
767
697
632
577
527
474

110968
100000
91613
83226
74839
67742
62193
56968
53161
49355
46516
43613
48645
43935
39871
36774
34581
32323
30323
28516
25613
116774
107097
97419
88387
80000
73548
67097
60387

1011.94
995.68
984.00
972.82
960.12
949.96
942.34
932.18
927.10
922.02
916.94
911.86
949.96
942.34
932.18
927.10
922.02
919.48
914.40
911.86
904.24
977.14
962.91
948.94
934.97
923.04
914.40
904.24
894.08

45.47
40.89
38.10
34.54
30.99
28.45
25.91
24.00
22.48
21.34
20.32
19.30
24.38
22.10
21.08
19.43
18.42
17.27
16.51
15.88
15.24
50.04
45.97
41.91
38.61
35.05
32.00
29.46
26.42

22.73
20.45
19.05
17.27
15.49
14.22
12.95
12.00
11.24
10.67
10.16
9.65
12.19
11.05
10.54
9.72
9.21
8.64
8.26
7.94
7.62
25.02
22.99
20.96
19.30
17.53
16.00
14.73
13.21

441.96
436.88
434.47
431.80
426.72
424.18
421.64
424.18
421.64
421.64
419.10
419.10
309.88
307.34
309.88
307.34
307.34
304.80
304.80
304.80
304.80
429.51
425.45
421.39
417.96
414.40
411.48
408.94
406.40

82.04
73.91
68.07
61.98
55.88
51.05
46.99
42.67
39.88
36.58
34.29
32.00
43.94
39.88
34.54
32.00
29.97
27.94
25.91
23.88
20.07
89.92
83.06
75.95
69.09
62.99
57.91
53.09
48.01

789.69
799.59
790.32
800.61
800.10
799.59
800.10
798.58
799.08
800.61
800.10
799.59
823.98
824.48
824.99
824.99
823.98
825.50
824.48
826.01
826.01
754.89
756.54
755.27
757.17
754.76
758.44
757.94
757.94

111.13
98.04
96.84
86.11
80.01
75.18
71.12
66.80
64.01
60.71
58.42
56.13
62.99
58.93
53.59
51.05
49.02
46.99
44.96
42.93
39.12
111.13
103.19
96.84
88.90
84.14
77.98
73.15
68.07

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W36x588
W36x527
W36x485
W36x439
W36x393
W36x359
W36x328
W36x300
W36x280
W36x260
W36x245
W36x230
W36x256
W36x232
W36x210
W36x194
W36x182
W36x170
W36x160
W36x150
W36x135
W33x619
W33x567
W33x515
W33x468
W33x424
W33x387
W33x354
W33x318

47.63
50.80
44.45
47.63
46.04
44.45
44.45
42.86
41.28
41.28
41.28
39.69
33.34
31.75
31.75
30.16
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
28.58
44.45
42.86
41.28
39.69
36.51
34.93
34.93
33.34

117.35
116.08
115.06
114.05
113.03
112.27
111.51
111.51
111.00
110.24
109.73
109.22
79.76
78.99
78.49
77.98
77.47
77.22
76.71
75.95
74.42
114.55
113.28
112.27
111.00
109.98
109.22
108.46
107.70

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.15
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05

18106
15942
14443
12903
11446
10323
9365
8449
7867
7201
6701
6243
6993
6243
5494
5036
4703
4370
4062
3763
3247
17398
15692
14027
12529
11197
10114
9157
8117

35724
31955
29333
26547
23761
21631
19828
18190
16879
15617
14666
13716
14666
13257
11782
10881
10209
9521
8882
8259
7194
35560
32610
29661
26711
24253
22123
20320
18190

403.86
398.78
396.24
393.70
391.16
388.62
388.62
386.08
383.54
381.00
381.00
378.46
378.46
375.92
370.84
370.84
368.30
368.30
365.76
363.22
355.60
386.08
383.54
378.46
375.92
373.38
370.84
368.30
368.30

1186
1036
937
828
728
653
591
541
499
454
420
391
220
195
171
156
144
133
123
112
94
1195
1074
953
845
749
674
608
537

5375
4736
4310
3851
3409
3081
2802
2556
2360
2163
2016
1868
1417
1265
1106
1014
944
872
805
739
618
5572
5047
4523
4048
3622
3277
2966
2638

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W36x588
W36x527
W36x485
W36x439
W36x393
W36x359
W36x328
W36x300
W36x280
W36x260
W36x245
W36x230
W36x256
W36x232
W36x210
W36x194
W36x182
W36x170
W36x160
W36x150
W36x135
W33x619
W33x567
W33x515
W33x468
W33x424
W33x387
W33x354
W33x318

103.38
101.85
101.09
99.82
99.06
98.04
97.54
97.28
96.77
96.01
95.25
94.74
67.31
66.55
65.53
65.02
64.77
64.26
63.50
62.74
60.45
101.09
100.08
98.81
97.79
96.77
95.76
95.00
94.23

41787
37363
33921
30644
27366
24744
22614
20648
19173
17698
16551
15453
17043
15338
13650
12569
11766
10947
10226
9521
8341
41951
38182
34577
30972
27858
25564
23270
20812

8472
7440
6751
6014
5326
4785
4343
3949
3654
3343
3114
2884
2245
1999
1753
1601
1486
1373
1267
1162
978
8800
7948
7096
6342
5654
5113
4621
4097

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W33x291
W33x263
W33x241
W33x221
W33x201
W33x169
W33x152
W33x141
W33x130
W33x118
W30x581
W30x526
W30x477
W30x433
W30x391
W30x357
W30x326
W30x292
W30x261
W30x235
W30x211
W30x191
W30x173
W30x148
W30x132
W30x124
W30x116
W30x108
W30x99
W30x90
W27x539
W27x494
W27x448

434
392
359
329
299
252
226
210
194
176
866
784
711
645
583
532
486
435
389
350
314
285
258
221
197
185
173
161
148
134
803
736
668

55290
50000
45806
42064
38193
31935
28903
26839
24710
22387
109677
99355
90322
81935
74193
67742
61806
55419
49613
44645
40129
36323
32903
28064
25097
23548
22064
20452
18774
17032
102580
93548
84516

883.92
876.30
868.68
861.06
855.98
858.52
850.90
845.82
840.74
835.66
898.91
882.90
868.93
854.96
843.28
833.12
822.96
812.80
802.64
795.02
784.86
779.78
772.16
779.78
769.62
767.08
762.00
756.92
754.38
749.30
825.50
812.04
798.07

24.38
22.10
21.08
19.69
18.16
17.02
16.13
15.37
14.73
13.97
50.04
45.47
41.40
38.10
34.54
31.50
28.96
25.91
23.62
21.08
19.69
18.03
16.64
16.51
15.62
14.86
14.35
13.84
13.21
11.94
50.04
45.97
41.91

12.19
11.05
10.54
9.84
9.08
8.51
8.06
7.68
7.37
6.99
25.02
22.73
20.70
19.05
17.27
15.75
14.48
12.95
11.81
10.54
9.84
9.02
8.32
8.26
7.81
7.43
7.18
6.92
6.60
5.97
25.02
22.99
20.96

403.86
401.32
403.86
401.32
398.78
292.10
294.64
292.10
292.10
292.10
411.48
406.91
402.97
399.42
396.24
393.70
391.16
388.62
386.08
383.54
383.54
381.00
381.00
266.70
266.70
266.70
266.70
266.70
266.70
264.16
388.62
383.41
379.48

43.94
39.88
35.56
32.26
29.21
30.99
26.92
24.38
21.72
18.80
89.92
82.04
74.93
68.07
61.98
56.90
52.07
46.99
41.91
38.10
33.53
30.23
27.18
29.97
25.40
23.62
21.59
19.30
17.02
15.49
89.92
83.06
75.95

755.90
756.41
757.43
756.41
757.43
760.98
761.49
761.49
761.49
762.51
679.83
679.70
678.43
680.34
679.20
679.20
678.69
678.69
678.69
678.69
678.18
679.70
678.18
686.82
685.80
686.82
685.80
685.29
687.32
685.29
605.54
608.84
610.74

64.01
59.94
55.63
52.32
49.28
48.77
44.70
42.16
39.62
36.58
109.54
101.60
95.25
87.31
82.04
76.96
72.14
67.06
61.98
58.17
53.34
50.04
46.99
46.48
41.91
40.13
38.10
35.81
33.53
32.00
109.98
101.60
93.66

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W33x291
W33x263
W33x241
W33x221
W33x201
W33x169
W33x152
W33x141
W33x130
W33x118
W30x581
W30x526
W30x477
W30x433
W30x391
W30x357
W30x326
W30x292
W30x261
W30x235
W30x211
W30x191
W30x173
W30x148
W30x132
W30x124
W30x116
W30x108
W30x99
W30x90
W27x539
W27x494
W27x448

33.34
31.75
31.75
30.16
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
28.58
28.58
42.86
41.28
39.69
38.10
38.10
34.93
34.93
33.34
33.34
31.75
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
28.58
28.58
28.58
28.58
26.99
26.99
46.04
39.69
38.10

106.93
106.17
105.92
105.41
104.65
74.93
74.68
74.17
73.15
72.14
110.24
108.97
107.70
106.68
105.66
104.65
103.89
103.12
102.11
101.60
101.35
100.84
100.08
68.58
68.07
67.56
67.06
66.29
65.28
65.02
104.14
102.87
101.85

0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.09
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.15
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.13
0.15
0.17
0.18
0.02
0.03
0.03

7367
6618
5910
5369
4828
3867
3396
3101
2793
2456
13736
12196
10864
9657
8616
7784
6993
6202
5453
4870
4287
3829
3426
2780
2402
2231
2052
1861
1661
1503
10656
9532
8491

16715
15060
13618
12438
11242
8996
7981
7341
6653
5883
30644
27530
25072
22614
20484
18681
17043
15240
13585
12258
10897
9832
8865
7145
6227
5817
5391
4900
4408
4015
25728
23597
21303

365.76
363.22
358.14
358.14
355.60
347.98
342.90
340.36
335.28
330.20
353.06
350.52
347.98
342.90
340.36
337.82
335.28
335.28
332.74
330.20
327.66
325.12
322.58
314.96
309.88
307.34
304.80
302.26
297.18
297.18
322.58
320.04
317.50

483
433
388
350
312
129
114
102
91
78
1053
928
820
728
645
579
516
458
399
356
315
280
249
94
82
75
68
61
53
48
878
787
695

2393
2147
1934
1737
1560
883
773
700
621
534
5113
4556
4080
3638
3245
2933
2655
2360
2081
1868
1639
1467
1308
710
610
564
513
457
401
362
4539
4097
3671

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W33x291
W33x263
W33x241
W33x221
W33x201
W33x169
W33x152
W33x141
W33x130
W33x118
W30x581
W30x526
W30x477
W30x433
W30x391
W30x357
W30x326
W30x292
W30x261
W30x235
W30x211
W30x191
W30x173
W30x148
W30x132
W30x124
W30x116
W30x108
W30x99
W30x90
W27x539
W27x494
W27x448

93.47
92.96
91.95
91.19
90.42
63.50
62.74
61.72
60.71
58.93
98.04
96.52
95.25
94.23
93.22
92.46
91.44
90.93
89.66
89.15
88.65
87.88
86.87
57.91
57.15
56.64
55.63
54.61
53.34
53.09
92.71
91.69
90.68

19009
17043
15404
14044
12667
10307
9160
8423
7653
6801
36215
32610
29333
26383
23761
21631
19501
17370
15453
13880
12307
11061
9947
8194
7161
6686
6194
5670
5113
4638
30972
28022
25072

3703
3310
2982
2687
2409
1383
1211
1096
975
841
8062
7178
6391
5703
5080
4572
4130
3654
3212
2868
2540
2261
2016
1114
957
885
806
719
633
569
7161
6457
5752

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W27x407
W27x368
W27x336
W27x307
W27x281
W27x258
W27x235
W27x217
W27x194
W27x178
W27x161
W27x146
W27x129
W27x114
W27x102
W27x94
W27x84
W24x492
W24x450
W24x408
W24x370
W24x335
W24x306
W24x279
W24x250
W24x229
W24x207
W24x192
W24x176

606
548
501
457
419
384
350
323
289
265
240
218
192
170
152
140
125
733
671
608
551
499
456
416
373
341
308
286
262

76774
69677
63806
58322
53484
49032
44774
41290
36903
33871
30710
27806
24387
21613
19355
17871
16000
92903
85161
76774
70322
63484
57935
52903
47419
43355
39161
36323
33355

784.10
772.16
762.00
751.84
744.22
736.60
728.98
721.36
713.74
706.12
701.04
695.96
701.04
693.42
688.34
683.26
678.18
753.11
738.89
724.92
711.20
698.50
688.34
678.18
668.02
660.40
652.78
647.70
640.08

38.61
35.05
32.00
29.46
26.92
24.89
23.11
21.08
19.05
18.42
16.76
15.37
15.49
14.48
13.08
12.45
11.68
50.04
45.97
41.91
38.61
35.05
32.00
29.46
26.42
24.38
22.10
20.57
19.05

19.30
17.53
16.00
14.73
13.46
12.45
11.56
10.54
9.53
9.21
8.38
7.68
7.75
7.24
6.54
6.22
5.84
25.02
22.99
20.96
19.30
17.53
16.00
14.73
13.21
12.19
11.05
10.29
9.53

375.92
373.38
370.84
365.76
365.76
363.22
360.68
358.14
355.60
358.14
355.60
355.60
254.00
256.54
254.00
253.75
252.98
358.52
354.46
350.52
347.98
342.90
340.36
337.82
335.28
332.74
330.20
330.20
327.66

69.09
62.99
57.91
53.09
49.02
44.96
40.89
38.10
34.04
30.23
27.43
24.77
27.94
23.62
21.08
18.92
16.26
89.92
83.06
75.95
69.09
62.99
57.91
53.09
48.01
43.94
39.88
37.08
34.04

609.47
606.04
606.04
605.54
606.04
606.55
607.06
605.03
605.54
605.54
606.04
606.55
614.68
615.70
615.70
615.19
615.19
534.04
532.51
534.42
547.62
547.12
547.12
546.61
546.61
547.12
547.62
548.13
546.61

87.31
83.06
77.98
73.15
69.09
65.02
60.96
58.17
54.10
50.29
47.50
44.70
43.18
38.86
36.32
34.04
31.50
109.54
103.19
95.25
81.79
75.69
70.61
65.79
60.71
56.64
52.58
49.78
46.74

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W27x407
W27x368
W27x336
W27x307
W27x281
W27x258
W27x235
W27x217
W27x194
W27x178
W27x161
W27x146
W27x129
W27x114
W27x102
W27x94
W27x84
W24x492
W24x450
W24x408
W24x370
W24x335
W24x306
W24x279
W24x250
W24x229
W24x207
W24x192
W24x176

36.51
38.10
36.51
36.51
34.93
33.34
33.34
31.75
30.16
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
28.58
26.99
26.99
26.99
39.69
38.10
34.93
39.69
38.10
36.51
36.51
34.93
33.34
31.75
31.75
30.16

100.58
99.82
98.81
98.04
97.54
96.77
96.01
95.50
95.00
94.49
93.98
93.47
65.79
65.53
65.02
64.26
63.25
96.52
95.50
94.23
93.22
92.20
91.44
90.68
89.66
89.15
88.39
87.88
87.38

0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.11
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06

7534
6743
6077
5453
4953
4495
4037
3709
3272
2922
2626
2356
1981
1698
1507
1361
1186
7950
7118
6285
5578
4953
4454
3996
3534
3184
2839
2606
2364

19173
17370
15928
14535
13339
12208
11094
10275
9160
8275
7505
6784
5654
4900
4375
3982
3490
21139
19173
17370
15682
14158
12929
11766
10553
9636
8702
8046
7374

312.42
309.88
307.34
304.80
304.80
302.26
299.72
299.72
297.18
294.64
292.10
292.10
284.48
279.40
279.40
276.86
271.78
292.10
289.56
287.02
281.94
279.40
276.86
274.32
271.78
271.78
269.24
266.70
266.70

616
545
491
437
397
358
320
293
258
231
207
184
77
66
58
52
44
695
620
549
483
429
383
343
301
271
241
221
199

3277
2933
2655
2393
2179
1966
1770
1635
1444
1291
1162
1041
603
516
456
406
347
3884
3507
3130
2786
2491
2245
2032
1803
1629
1455
1340
1218

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W27x407
W27x368
W27x336
W27x307
W27x281
W27x258
W27x235
W27x217
W27x194
W27x178
W27x161
W27x146
W27x129
W27x114
W27x102
W27x94
W27x84
W24x492
W24x450
W24x408
W24x370
W24x335
W24x306
W24x279
W24x250
W24x229
W24x207
W24x192
W24x176

89.41
88.39
87.63
86.61
86.11
85.34
84.58
84.33
83.57
82.55
82.04
81.28
56.13
55.37
54.61
53.85
52.58
86.61
85.34
84.58
83.06
82.04
81.28
80.52
79.76
78.99
78.23
77.98
77.22

22614
20320
18517
16879
15338
13962
12651
11651
10340
9341
8439
7604
6473
5621
4998
4556
3998
25400
23106
20484
18517
16715
15109
13683
12192
11061
9931
9160
8374

5129
4572
4130
3720
3376
3064
2753
2524
2229
1999
1786
1601
944
808
711
636
544
6145
5522
4916
4375
3900
3507
3163
2802
2524
2245
2065
1885

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W24x162
W24x146
W24x131
W24x117
W24x104
W24x103
W24x94
W24x84
W24x76
W24x68
W24x62
W24x55
W21x402
W21x364
W21x333
W21x300
W21x275
W21x248
W21x223
W21x201
W21x182
W21x166
W21x147
W21x132
W21x122
W21x111
W21x101
W21x93
W21x83
W21x73
W21x68
W21x62
W21x57

241
218
195
174
155
153
140
125
113
101
92
82
599
542
496
447
410
370
332
299
271
247
219
197
182
165
150
139
124
109
101
92
85

30774
27742
24839
22194
19742
19548
17871
15935
14452
12968
11806
10516
76129
69032
63161
56903
52129
46968
42193
38193
34581
31484
27871
25032
23161
21097
19226
17613
15677
13871
12903
11806
10774

635.00
627.38
622.30
617.22
612.14
622.30
617.22
612.14
607.06
601.98
601.98
599.44
660.91
646.94
635.00
623.06
612.90
603.00
593.09
584.20
576.58
571.50
561.34
553.72
551.18
546.10
543.56
548.64
543.56
538.48
535.94
533.40
535.94

17.91
16.51
15.37
13.97
12.70
13.97
13.08
11.94
11.18
10.54
10.92
10.03
43.94
40.39
37.08
33.53
30.99
27.94
25.40
23.11
21.08
19.05
18.29
16.51
15.24
13.97
12.70
14.73
13.08
11.56
10.92
10.16
10.29

8.95
8.26
7.68
6.99
6.35
6.99
6.54
5.97
5.59
5.27
5.46
5.02
21.97
20.19
18.54
16.76
15.49
13.97
12.70
11.56
10.54
9.53
9.14
8.26
7.62
6.99
6.35
7.37
6.54
5.78
5.46
5.08
5.14

330.20
327.66
327.66
325.12
325.12
228.60
230.38
229.11
228.35
227.84
178.82
178.05
340.49
336.93
333.50
329.95
327.41
324.49
321.95
320.04
317.50
314.96
317.50
314.96
314.96
312.42
312.42
213.87
212.34
210.82
210.06
209.30
166.62

30.99
27.69
24.38
21.59
19.05
24.89
22.23
19.56
17.27
14.86
14.99
12.83
79.50
72.39
66.55
60.45
55.63
50.55
45.47
41.40
37.59
34.54
29.21
26.16
24.38
22.23
20.32
23.62
21.21
18.80
17.40
15.62
16.51

547.62
546.61
548.13
548.64
548.64
547.12
547.12
547.62
547.12
546.61
541.53
543.05
464.06
462.79
463.55
464.31
460.50
463.30
462.92
476.00
476.00
477.01
477.52
475.49
477.01
476.00
477.52
476.00
475.49
475.49
475.49
476.50
477.52

43.69
40.39
37.08
34.29
31.75
37.59
35.05
32.26
29.97
27.69
30.23
28.19
98.43
92.08
85.73
79.38
76.20
69.85
65.09
54.10
50.29
47.24
41.91
39.12
37.08
35.05
33.02
36.32
34.04
31.50
30.23
28.45
29.21

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W24x162
W24x146
W24x131
W24x117
W24x104
W24x103
W24x94
W24x84
W24x76
W24x68
W24x62
W24x55
W21x402
W21x364
W21x333
W21x300
W21x275
W21x248
W21x223
W21x201
W21x182
W21x166
W21x147
W21x132
W21x122
W21x111
W21x101
W21x93
W21x83
W21x73
W21x68
W21x62
W21x57

30.16
28.58
28.58
28.58
26.99
28.58
26.99
26.99
26.99
26.99
26.99
25.40
36.51
34.93
33.34
31.75
30.16
28.58
26.99
33.34
31.75
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
28.58
26.99
23.81
22.23
22.23
22.23
20.64
20.64

87.63
87.12
86.36
85.60
85.09
59.18
59.18
58.67
58.17
57.40
43.43
42.67
92.20
91.19
90.17
89.15
88.39
87.63
86.61
85.85
85.34
84.84
84.84
84.07
83.82
83.31
83.06
55.12
54.61
54.10
53.85
53.34
41.66

0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.12
0.14
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.26
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.12
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.19

2152
1906
1673
1473
1290
1249
1124
986
874
762
649
566
5078
4495
4000
3530
3172
2814
2477
2210
1969
1781
1511
1340
1232
1111
1007
862
762
666
616
554
487

6784
6080
5391
4769
4228
4015
3638
3212
2884
2524
2163
1885
15355
13863
12602
11340
10357
9324
8357
7554
6833
6227
5391
4834
4474
4080
3720
3146
2802
2474
2294
2081
1819

264.16
261.62
259.08
256.54
256.54
252.98
250.70
248.67
246.13
242.57
234.70
231.90
259.08
254.00
251.71
249.17
246.63
244.60
242.32
240.54
238.76
237.74
232.92
231.65
230.89
229.87
229.11
220.98
220.22
219.46
218.44
216.92
212.34

184
163
142
124
108
50
45
39
34
29
14
12
529
466
414
363
327
289
253
226
201
181
157
139
127
114
103
39
34
29
27
24
13

1121
991
869
762
667
434
393
342
302
257
161
136
3097
2753
2474
2196
1999
1786
1575
1411
1265
1147
985
877
806
729
660
362
320
279
257
229
153

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W24x162
W24x146
W24x131
W24x117
W24x104
W24x103
W24x94
W24x84
W24x76
W24x68
W24x62
W24x55
W21x402
W21x364
W21x333
W21x300
W21x275
W21x248
W21x223
W21x201
W21x182
W21x166
W21x147
W21x132
W21x122
W21x111
W21x101
W21x93
W21x83
W21x73
W21x68
W21x62
W21x57

77.47
76.45
75.44
74.68
73.91
50.55
50.29
49.53
48.77
47.50
34.80
34.04
83.06
82.04
81.03
80.01
79.25
78.49
77.47
76.71
76.20
75.95
74.93
74.42
74.17
73.66
73.41
46.74
46.48
45.97
45.72
44.96
34.29

7669
6850
6063
5359
4736
4588
4162
3671
3277
2901
2524
2212
18517
16551
14994
13372
12143
10865
9652
8685
7800
7079
6112
5457
5031
4572
4146
3622
3212
2819
2622
2360
2114

1721
1527
1336
1170
1023
680
615
534
469
401
259
220
4851
4310
3884
3441
3097
2769
2442
2179
1950
1770
1517
1349
1239
1118
1011
569
500
436
400
356
243

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W21x50
W21x44
W18x311
W18x283
W18x258
W18x234
W18x211
W18x192
W18x175
W18x158
W18x143
W18x130
W18x119
W18x106
W18x97
W18x86
W18x76
W18x71
W18x65
W18x60
W18x55
W18x50
W18x46
W18x40
W18x35
W16x100
W16x89
W16x77
W16x67

75
66
463
422
384
349
314
286
261
235
213
194
177
158
145
128
113
106
97
89
82
75
69
60
52
149
133
115
100

9484
8387
59032
53677
48968
44387
40064
36387
33097
29871
27161
24645
22645
20064
18387
16323
14387
13419
12323
11355
10452
9484
8710
7613
6645
19161
17032
14774
12903

528.32
525.78
566.93
554.99
545.08
534.92
525.02
516.89
508.00
500.38
495.30
490.22
482.60
474.98
472.44
467.36
462.28
469.90
467.36
462.28
459.74
457.20
459.74
454.66
449.58
431.80
426.72
419.10
414.02

9.65
8.89
38.61
35.56
32.51
29.46
26.92
24.38
22.61
20.57
18.54
17.02
16.64
14.99
13.59
12.19
10.80
12.57
11.43
10.54
9.91
9.02
9.14
8.00
7.62
14.86
13.34
11.56
10.03

4.83
4.45
19.30
17.78
16.26
14.73
13.46
12.19
11.30
10.29
9.27
8.51
8.32
7.49
6.79
6.10
5.40
6.29
5.72
5.27
4.95
4.51
4.57
4.00
3.81
7.43
6.67
5.78
5.02

165.86
165.10
304.93
302.01
298.96
295.91
293.50
290.96
289.56
287.02
284.48
284.48
287.02
284.48
281.94
281.94
279.40
194.06
192.79
192.02
191.26
190.50
153.92
152.91
152.40
264.16
264.16
261.62
259.08

13.59
11.43
69.60
63.50
58.42
53.59
48.51
44.45
40.39
36.58
33.53
30.48
26.92
23.88
22.10
19.56
17.27
20.57
19.05
17.65
16.00
14.48
15.37
13.34
10.80
25.02
22.23
19.30
16.89

475.49
477.52
392.30
393.07
392.68
395.22
394.84
393.07
406.91
406.91
407.92
408.94
408.43
406.91
407.92
407.92
407.42
408.43
408.94
406.40
407.42
407.82
408.43
407.57
407.57
345.95
346.46
344.42
344.42

26.42
24.13
87.31
80.96
76.20
69.85
65.09
61.91
50.55
46.74
43.69
40.64
37.08
34.04
32.26
29.72
27.43
30.73
29.21
27.94
26.16
24.69
25.65
23.55
21.01
42.93
40.13
37.34
34.80

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W21x50
W21x44
W18x311
W18x283
W18x258
W18x234
W18x211
W18x192
W18x175
W18x158
W18x143
W18x130
W18x119
W18x106
W18x97
W18x86
W18x76
W18x71
W18x65
W18x60
W18x55
W18x50
W18x46
W18x40
W18x35
W16x100
W16x89
W16x77
W16x67

20.64
20.64
30.16
30.16
28.58
25.40
25.40
23.81
31.75
31.75
30.16
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
26.99
26.99
22.23
22.23
20.64
20.64
20.64
20.64
20.64
19.05
28.58
26.99
26.99
25.40

40.64
39.88
82.80
82.04
81.03
80.26
79.50
78.74
77.98
77.47
76.96
76.45
76.71
76.20
75.95
75.44
74.93
50.29
50.04
49.78
49.53
49.28
39.12
38.61
37.85
71.37
70.87
70.36
69.85

0.23
0.28
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.17
0.19
0.22
0.27
0.07
0.07
0.08
0.09

410
351
2897
2564
2293
2040
1802
1611
1436
1274
1145
1024
912
795
728
637
554
487
445
410
370
333
296
255
212
624
545
466
404

1549
1337
10226
9242
8423
7636
6866
6227
5637
5080
4621
4195
3785
3343
3081
2720
2393
2081
1917
1770
1611
1457
1291
1121
944
2901
2573
2229
1950

207.77
204.72
221.49
218.69
216.66
214.38
212.09
210.31
208.28
206.25
205.49
203.96
200.66
199.14
198.63
197.36
196.34
190.50
190.25
189.74
188.21
187.45
184.15
183.13
178.82
180.34
179.07
177.80
177.04

10
9
331
293
261
232
205
183
163
144
129
116
105
92
84
73
63
25
23
21
19
17
9
8
6
77
68
57
50

125
104
2163
1934
1753
1570
1398
1259
1127
1006
909
818
736
646
592
518
452
259
236
218
195
175
122
104
84
585
515
441
380

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W21x50
W21x44
W18x311
W18x283
W18x258
W18x234
W18x211
W18x192
W18x175
W18x158
W18x143
W18x130
W18x119
W18x106
W18x97
W18x86
W18x76
W18x71
W18x65
W18x60
W18x55
W18x50
W18x46
W18x40
W18x35
W16x100
W16x89
W16x77
W16x67

33.02
32.00
74.93
73.91
73.15
72.39
71.63
70.87
70.10
69.60
69.09
68.58
68.33
67.56
67.31
66.80
66.29
43.18
42.93
42.67
42.42
41.91
32.77
32.26
30.99
63.50
62.99
62.48
61.98

1803
1563
12339
11078
10012
8996
8030
7243
6522
5834
5277
4752
4293
3769
3458
3048
2671
2393
2179
2016
1835
1655
1486
1285
1090
3277
2901
2491
2163

200
167
3392
3032
2720
2442
2163
1950
1737
1553
1399
1257
1132
991
906
793
692
405
369
338
303
272
192
163
132
901
790
675
583

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W16x57
W16x50
W16x45
W16x40
W16x36
W16x31
W16x26
W14x730
W14x665
W14x605
W14x550
W14x500
W14x455
W14x426
W14x398
W14x370
W14x342
W14x311
W14x283
W14x257
W14x233
W14x211
W14x193
W14x176
W14x159
W14x145
W14x132
W14x120
W14x109
W14x99
W14x90
W14x82
W14x74

85
75
67
60
54
46
39
1088
991
901
820
745
678
635
593
551
510
463
422
383
347
314
288
262
237
216
197
179
162
148
134
122
110

10839
9484
8581
7613
6839
5890
4955
138709
126451
114838
104516
94839
86451
80645
75484
70322
65161
58968
53742
48774
44193
40000
36645
33419
30129
27548
25032
22774
20645
18774
17097
15484
14064

416.56
414.02
408.94
406.40
403.86
403.86
398.78
568.96
548.64
530.86
513.08
497.84
482.60
474.98
464.82
454.66
444.50
434.34
424.18
416.56
406.40
398.78
393.70
386.08
381.00
375.92
373.38
368.30
363.22
360.68
355.60
363.22
360.68

10.92
9.65
8.76
7.75
7.49
6.99
6.35
77.98
71.88
66.04
60.45
55.63
51.31
47.75
44.96
42.16
39.12
35.81
32.77
29.97
27.18
24.89
22.61
21.08
18.92
17.27
16.38
14.99
13.34
12.32
11.18
12.95
11.43

5.46
4.83
4.38
3.87
3.75
3.49
3.18
38.99
35.94
33.02
30.23
27.81
25.65
23.88
22.48
21.08
19.56
17.91
16.38
14.99
13.59
12.45
11.30
10.54
9.46
8.64
8.19
7.49
6.67
6.16
5.59
6.48
5.72

180.85
179.58
178.82
177.80
177.55
140.46
139.70
454.66
449.58
441.96
436.88
431.80
426.72
424.18
421.64
419.10
416.56
411.48
408.94
406.40
403.86
401.32
398.78
398.78
396.24
393.70
373.38
373.38
370.84
370.84
368.30
256.54
256.54

18.16
16.00
14.35
12.83
10.92
11.18
8.76
124.71
114.81
105.66
97.03
88.90
81.53
77.22
72.39
67.56
62.74
57.40
52.58
48.01
43.69
39.62
36.58
33.27
30.23
27.69
26.16
23.88
21.84
19.81
18.03
21.72
19.94

359.66
361.70
359.82
360.32
361.59
361.09
360.83
289.05
288.54
289.05
288.54
289.56
289.05
290.58
290.07
289.05
288.54
289.05
288.54
290.07
288.54
289.05
290.07
289.05
290.07
290.07
290.58
290.07
289.05
290.58
289.05
289.56
290.58

28.45
26.16
24.56
23.04
21.13
21.39
18.97
139.95
130.05
120.90
112.27
104.14
96.77
92.20
87.38
82.80
77.98
72.64
67.82
63.25
58.93
54.86
51.82
48.51
45.47
42.93
41.40
39.12
37.08
35.05
33.27
36.83
35.05

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W16x57
W16x50
W16x45
W16x40
W16x36
W16x31
W16x26
W14x730
W14x665
W14x605
W14x550
W14x500
W14x455
W14x426
W14x398
W14x370
W14x342
W14x311
W14x283
W14x257
W14x233
W14x211
W14x193
W14x176
W14x159
W14x145
W14x132
W14x120
W14x109
W14x99
W14x90
W14x82
W14x74

22.23
20.64
20.64
20.64
19.05
19.05
19.05
69.85
66.68
63.50
60.33
58.74
57.15
53.98
53.98
52.39
50.80
49.21
47.63
46.04
44.45
42.86
42.86
41.28
39.69
39.69
39.69
38.10
38.10
36.51
36.51
26.99
26.99

47.24
46.74
46.48
46.23
45.47
35.31
34.54
126.75
124.97
123.19
121.67
120.14
118.87
117.86
117.09
116.08
115.32
114.30
113.28
112.52
111.76
111.00
110.49
109.73
109.22
108.71
102.87
102.62
102.11
101.60
101.35
69.60
69.09

0.13
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.21
0.26
0.33
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.07
0.07

316
274
244
216
186
156
125
5952
5161
4495
3925
3417
2993
2747
2497
2264
2040
1802
1598
1415
1253
1107
999
891
791
712
637
574
516
462
416
367
331

1511
1327
1191
1060
926
773
629
20975
18845
17043
15256
13732
12389
11569
10750
9947
9144
8292
7522
6801
6145
5539
5080
4605
4162
3802
3425
3114
2835
2573
2343
2016
1835

170.69
169.67
168.91
168.40
165.35
162.81
159.00
207.52
202.69
198.12
193.80
189.99
186.18
184.40
181.86
179.58
177.29
174.75
172.47
170.43
168.40
166.37
165.10
163.32
162.05
160.78
159.51
158.50
157.99
156.72
155.96
153.67
153.42

18
15
14
12
10
5
4
1965
1736
1532
1353
1199
1066
982
903
828
753
670
599
537
479
429
388
349
311
282
228
206
186
167
151
62
56

198
172
153
135
115
74
57
8636
7735
6932
6194
5555
4982
4638
4293
3949
3622
3261
2933
2638
2376
2130
1950
1753
1576
1431
1221
1106
1003
905
818
480
436

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W16x57
W16x50
W16x45
W16x40
W16x36
W16x31
W16x26
W14x730
W14x665
W14x605
W14x550
W14x500
W14x455
W14x426
W14x398
W14x370
W14x342
W14x311
W14x283
W14x257
W14x233
W14x211
W14x193
W14x176
W14x159
W14x145
W14x132
W14x120
W14x109
W14x99
W14x90
W14x82
W14x74

40.64
40.39
39.88
39.88
38.61
29.72
28.45
119.13
117.35
115.57
114.05
112.52
111.25
110.24
109.47
108.46
107.70
106.68
105.92
104.90
104.14
103.38
102.87
102.11
101.60
101.09
95.50
95.00
94.74
94.23
93.98
62.99
62.99

1721
1508
1349
1196
1049
885
724
27203
24253
21631
19337
17206
15338
14240
13126
12061
11012
9881
8882
7981
7145
6391
5817
5244
4703
4261
3835
3474
3146
2835
2573
2278
2065

310
267
238
208
177
115
90
13372
11963
10684
9554
8554
7669
7112
6588
6063
5539
4982
4490
4031
3622
3245
2950
2671
2393
2179
1852
1671
1519
1370
1239
734
664

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W14x68
W14x61
W14x53
W14x48
W14x43
W14x38
W14x34
W14x30
W14x26
W14x22
W12x336
W12x305
W12x279
W12x252
W12x230
W12x210
W12x190
W12x170
W12x152
W12x136
W12x120
W12x106
W12x96
W12x87
W12x79
W12x72
W12x65
W12x58
W12x53

101
91
79
72
64
57
51
45
39
33
501
454
416
375
343
313
283
253
226
203
179
158
143
130
118
107
97
86
79

12903
11548
10064
9097
8129
7226
6452
5710
4961
4187
63742
57806
52839
47742
43677
39871
36000
32258
28839
25742
22774
20129
18194
16516
14968
13613
12323
10968
10064

355.60
353.06
353.06
350.52
347.98
358.14
355.60
350.52
353.06
347.98
426.72
414.02
403.86
391.16
383.54
373.38
365.76
355.60
347.98
340.36
332.74
327.66
322.58
317.50
314.96
312.42
307.34
309.88
307.34

10.54
9.53
9.40
8.64
7.75
7.87
7.24
6.86
6.48
5.84
45.21
41.40
38.86
35.56
32.77
29.97
26.92
24.38
22.10
20.07
18.03
15.49
13.97
13.08
11.94
10.92
9.91
9.14
8.76

5.27
4.76
4.70
4.32
3.87
3.94
3.62
3.43
3.24
2.92
22.61
20.70
19.43
17.78
16.38
14.99
13.46
12.19
11.05
10.03
9.02
7.75
6.99
6.54
5.97
5.46
4.95
4.57
4.38

254.00
253.75
204.72
203.96
203.20
171.96
171.45
170.94
127.76
127.00
340.36
335.28
332.74
330.20
327.66
325.12
322.58
320.04
317.50
314.96
312.42
309.88
309.88
307.34
307.34
304.80
304.80
254.00
253.75

18.29
16.38
16.76
15.11
13.46
13.08
11.56
9.78
10.67
8.51
75.18
68.83
62.74
57.15
52.58
48.26
44.20
39.62
35.56
31.75
28.19
25.15
22.86
20.57
18.67
17.02
15.37
16.26
14.61

289.05
290.07
289.56
290.07
291.08
311.66
312.17
310.64
311.40
310.64
246.38
246.38
247.90
246.38
247.90
246.38
247.40
245.87
246.38
246.38
246.38
246.89
246.38
245.87
247.40
247.90
246.38
246.89
247.90

33.27
31.50
31.75
30.23
28.45
23.24
21.72
19.94
20.83
18.67
90.17
83.82
77.98
72.39
67.82
63.50
59.18
54.86
50.80
46.99
43.18
40.39
38.10
35.81
33.78
32.26
30.48
31.50
29.72

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W14x68
W14x61
W14x53
W14x48
W14x43
W14x38
W14x34
W14x30
W14x26
W14x22
W12x336
W12x305
W12x279
W12x252
W12x230
W12x210
W12x190
W12x170
W12x152
W12x136
W12x120
W12x106
W12x96
W12x87
W12x79
W12x72
W12x65
W12x58
W12x53

26.99
25.40
25.40
25.40
25.40
20.64
19.05
19.05
19.05
19.05
42.86
41.28
41.28
38.10
38.10
36.51
34.93
33.34
31.75
31.75
30.16
28.58
28.58
26.99
26.99
26.99
25.40
23.81
23.81

68.83
68.58
54.61
54.10
53.85
44.96
44.70
44.20
32.51
31.75
94.23
93.22
92.46
91.19
90.42
89.66
88.90
88.14
87.38
86.61
85.85
85.34
84.84
84.33
84.07
83.57
83.31
69.09
68.83

0.08
0.08
0.10
0.11
0.13
0.16
0.18
0.21
0.26
0.32
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.08

301
266
225
201
178
160
142
121
102
83
1690
1478
1294
1132
1007
891
787
687
595
516
445
388
347
308
276
248
222
198
177

1688
1509
1275
1150
1026
895
796
688
578
475
7915
7128
6440
5785
5260
4785
4310
3851
3425
3048
2671
2376
2147
1934
1753
1596
1440
1278
1157

152.65
151.89
149.61
148.59
147.83
149.10
148.08
145.54
143.51
140.72
162.81
159.77
156.46
153.92
151.64
149.61
147.83
145.80
143.76
141.73
139.95
138.94
138.18
136.65
135.64
134.87
134.11
134.11
132.84

50
45
24
21
19
11
10
8
4
3
495
437
390
345
309
276
245
215
189
166
144
125
112
100
90
81
72
45
40

397
352
234
210
185
129
113
95
58
46
2901
2606
2343
2081
1885
1704
1524
1349
1193
1052
918
808
728
651
587
531
477
351
315

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W14x68
W14x61
W14x53
W14x48
W14x43
W14x38
W14x34
W14x30
W14x26
W14x22
W12x336
W12x305
W12x279
W12x252
W12x230
W12x210
W12x190
W12x170
W12x152
W12x136
W12x120
W12x106
W12x96
W12x87
W12x79
W12x72
W12x65
W12x58
W12x53

62.48
62.23
48.77
48.51
48.01
39.37
38.86
37.85
27.43
26.42
88.14
86.87
85.85
84.84
84.07
83.31
82.55
81.79
81.03
80.26
79.50
78.99
78.49
77.98
77.47
77.22
76.71
63.75
62.99

1885
1671
1427
1285
1141
1008
895
775
659
544
9881
8800
7882
7014
6325
5703
5096
4506
3982
3507
3048
2687
2409
2163
1950
1770
1586
1416
1277

605
537
361
321
283
198
174
147
91
72
4490
3998
3605
3212
2901
2606
2343
2065
1819
1606
1399
1231
1106
990
890
806
723
533
477

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W12x50
W12x45
W12x40
W12x35
W12x30
W12x26
W12x22
W12x19
W12x16
W12x14
W10x112
W10x100
W10x88
W10x77
W10x68
W10x60
W10x54
W10x49
W10x45
W10x39
W10x33
W10x30
W10x26
W10x22
W10x19
W10x17
W10x15
W10x12
W8x67
W8x58
W8x48
W8x40
W8x35

75
67
60
52
45
39
33
28
24
21
167
149
131
115
101
89
80
73
67
58
49
45
39
33
28
25
22
18
100
86
72
60
52

9419
8452
7548
6645
5671
4935
4181
3594
3039
2684
21226
18968
16710
14581
12903
11355
10194
9290
8581
7419
6265
5703
4910
4187
3626
3219
2845
2284
12710
11032
9097
7548
6645

309.88
307.34
302.26
317.50
312.42
309.88
312.42
309.88
304.80
302.26
289.56
281.94
274.32
269.24
264.16
259.08
256.54
253.49
256.54
251.97
247.14
266.70
261.62
259.08
259.08
256.54
253.75
250.70
228.60
222.25
215.90
209.55
206.25

9.40
8.51
7.49
7.62
6.60
5.84
6.60
5.97
5.59
5.08
19.18
17.27
15.37
13.46
11.94
10.67
9.40
8.64
8.89
8.00
7.37
7.62
6.60
6.10
6.35
6.10
5.84
4.83
14.48
12.95
10.16
9.14
7.87

4.70
4.25
3.75
3.81
3.30
2.92
3.30
2.98
2.79
2.54
9.59
8.64
7.68
6.73
5.97
5.33
4.70
4.32
4.45
4.00
3.68
3.81
3.30
3.05
3.18
3.05
2.92
2.41
7.24
6.48
5.08
4.57
3.94

205.23
204.47
203.45
166.62
165.61
164.85
102.36
101.85
101.35
100.84
264.16
261.62
261.62
259.08
256.54
256.54
254.00
254.00
203.71
202.95
202.18
147.57
146.56
146.05
102.11
101.85
101.60
100.58
210.31
208.79
205.99
204.98
203.71

16.26
14.61
13.08
13.21
11.18
9.65
10.80
8.89
6.73
5.72
31.75
28.45
25.15
22.10
19.56
17.27
15.62
14.22
15.75
13.46
11.05
12.95
11.18
9.14
10.03
8.38
6.86
5.33
23.75
20.57
17.40
14.22
12.57

251.97
252.48
250.44
275.84
274.83
275.34
275.59
276.86
276.10
275.59
200.66
199.64
198.63
199.64
199.64
199.14
199.64
199.64
199.64
199.64
199.64
225.55
224.03
225.55
223.77
224.54
224.79
224.79
161.04
161.29
161.04
161.09
161.09

28.96
27.43
25.91
20.83
18.80
17.27
18.42
16.51
14.35
13.34
44.45
41.15
37.85
34.80
32.26
29.97
28.45
26.92
28.45
26.16
23.75
20.57
18.80
16.76
17.65
16.00
14.48
12.95
33.78
30.48
27.43
24.23
22.58

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W12x50
W12x45
W12x40
W12x35
W12x30
W12x26
W12x22
W12x19
W12x16
W12x14
W10x112
W10x100
W10x88
W10x77
W10x68
W10x60
W10x54
W10x49
W10x45
W10x39
W10x33
W10x30
W10x26
W10x22
W10x19
W10x17
W10x15
W10x12
W8x67
W8x58
W8x48
W8x40
W8x35

23.81
23.81
22.23
19.05
19.05
19.05
15.88
14.29
14.29
14.29
25.40
25.40
23.81
22.23
22.23
20.64
20.64
20.64
20.64
20.64
19.05
17.46
17.46
15.88
15.88
14.29
14.29
14.29
23.81
22.23
20.64
20.64
20.64

55.12
54.61
54.36
44.20
43.94
43.69
25.91
25.40
24.38
24.13
73.15
72.39
71.88
71.12
70.87
70.36
69.85
69.60
55.37
54.86
54.36
39.37
39.12
38.35
26.16
25.65
25.15
24.38
57.91
57.40
56.64
56.13
55.88

0.09
0.10
0.11
0.14
0.17
0.19
0.28
0.34
0.45
0.52
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.14
0.16
0.19
0.25
0.30
0.36
0.47
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08

163
145
128
119
99
85
65
54
43
37
298
259
222
189
164
142
126
113
103
87
71
71
60
49
40
34
29
22
113
95
77
61
53

1052
946
844
747
633
547
416
349
280
244
2065
1835
1614
1408
1241
1093
983
895
805
690
574
531
457
380
308
265
226
179
990
852
708
582
511

131.57
130.81
130.30
133.35
132.33
131.32
124.71
122.43
118.62
117.35
118.36
116.84
115.32
114.05
112.78
111.51
111.00
110.49
109.73
108.46
106.43
111.25
110.49
108.46
105.16
102.87
100.33
99.06
94.49
92.71
91.69
89.66
89.15

23
21
18
10
8
7
2
2
1
1
98
86
75
64
56
48
43
39
22
19
15
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
37
31
25
20
18

228
203
180
122
102
88
38
31
23
20
742
655
570
493
433
377
338
306
218
185
151
94
80
65
35
29
24
18
351
300
246
200
174

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W12x50
W12x45
W12x40
W12x35
W12x30
W12x26
W12x22
W12x19
W12x16
W12x14
W10x112
W10x100
W10x88
W10x77
W10x68
W10x60
W10x54
W10x49
W10x45
W10x39
W10x33
W10x30
W10x26
W10x22
W10x19
W10x17
W10x15
W10x12
W8x67
W8x58
W8x48
W8x40
W8x35

49.78
49.53
49.28
39.12
38.61
38.35
21.54
20.88
19.63
19.13
68.07
67.31
66.80
66.04
65.79
65.28
65.02
64.52
51.05
50.29
49.28
34.80
34.54
33.78
22.20
21.46
20.57
19.94
53.85
53.34
52.83
51.82
51.56

1178
1052
934
839
706
610
480
405
329
285
2409
2130
1852
1599
1398
1222
1091
990
900
767
636
600
513
426
354
306
262
206
1149
980
803
652
569

349
311
275
188
157
134
60
49
37
31
1134
1000
870
752
657
574
513
464
333
282
229
145
123
100
55
46
38
29
536
457
375
303
264

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

W8x31
W8x28
W8x24
W8x21
W8x18
W8x15
W8x13
W8x10
W6x25
W6x20
W6x16
W6x15
W6x12
W6x9
W5x19
W5x16

46
42
36
31
27
22
19
15
37
30
24
22
18
13
28
24

5884
5316
4568
3974
3394
2865
2477
1910
4748
3800
3058
2871
2290
1729
3587
3039

203.20
204.72
201.42
210.31
206.76
205.99
202.95
200.41
162.05
157.48
159.51
152.15
153.16
149.86
130.81
127.25

7.24
7.24
6.22
6.35
5.84
6.22
5.84
4.32
8.13
6.60
6.60
5.84
5.84
4.32
6.86
6.10

3.62
3.62
3.11
3.18
2.92
3.11
2.92
2.16
4.06
3.30
3.30
2.92
2.92
2.16
3.43
3.05

203.20
166.12
165.10
133.86
133.35
101.85
101.60
100.08
154.43
152.91
102.36
152.15
101.60
100.08
127.76
127.00

11.05
11.81
10.16
10.16
8.38
8.00
6.48
5.21
11.56
9.27
10.29
6.60
7.11
5.46
10.92
9.14

161.09
161.09
161.09
174.75
174.75
174.75
174.75
174.75
123.75
123.75
126.24
123.75
126.24
126.24
93.73
93.73

21.06
21.82
20.17
17.78
16.00
15.62
14.10
12.83
19.15
16.87
16.64
14.20
13.46
11.81
18.54
16.76

W4x13

19

2471

105.66

7.11

3.56

103.12

8.76

75.44

15.11

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

W8x31
W8x28
W8x24
W8x21
W8x18
W8x15
W8x13
W8x10
W6x25
W6x20
W6x16
W6x15
W6x12
W6x9
W5x19
W5x16

19.05
15.88
14.29
14.29
14.29
14.29
14.29
12.70
14.29
14.29
14.29
14.29
14.29
12.70
11.11
11.11

55.37
44.96
44.70
35.81
35.31
26.16
25.65
25.15
42.16
41.66
27.43
40.89
26.67
26.16
35.05
34.80

0.09
0.10
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.25
0.31
0.38
0.09
0.11
0.15
0.15
0.21
0.27
0.09
0.11

46
41
34
31
26
20
16
13
22
17
13
12
9
7
11
9

451
398
342
298
249
193
162
128
275
220
167
160
120
91
167
140

88.14
87.63
86.87
88.65
87.12
83.57
81.53
81.79
68.58
67.56
66.04
65.02
63.25
62.74
55.12
54.10

15
9
8
4
3
1
1
1
7
6
2
4
1
1
4
3

152
109
92
61
50
28
22
17
92
72
36
51
25
18
59
49

W4x13

12.70

27.94

0.12

89

43.69

31

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

W8x31
W8x28
W8x24
W8x21
W8x18
W8x15
W8x13
W8x10
W6x25
W6x20
W6x16
W6x15
W6x12
W6x9
W5x19
W5x16

51.31
41.15
40.89
32.00
31.24
22.25
21.41
21.36
38.61
38.10
24.56
36.83
23.32
22.99
32.51
32.00

498
446
379
334
279
223
187
145
311
246
192
177
136
102
190
158

231
166
140
93
76
44
35
27
140
110
56
78
38
28
91
75

W4x13

25.40

103

48

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

S24x121
S24x106
S24x100
S24x90
S24x80
S20x96
S20x86
S20x75
S20x66
S18x70
S18x54.7
S15x50
S15x42.9
S12x50
S12x40.8
S12x35
S12x31.8
S10x35
S10x25.4
S8x23
S8x18.4
S7x20
S7x15.3
S6x17.25
S6x12.5
S5x14.75
S5x10
S4x9.5
S4x7.7
S3x7.5

180
158
149
134
119
143
128
112
98
104
82
75
64
75
61
52
47
52
38
34
27
30
23
26
19
22
15
14
11
11

22903
20064
18903
17097
15161
18194
16323
14194
12516
13226
10323
9484
8129
9419
7677
6581
6006
6645
4806
4361
3484
3794
2903
3265
2361
2800
1890
1800
1458
1419

622.30
622.30
609.60
609.60
609.60
515.62
515.62
508.00
508.00
457.20
457.20
381.00
381.00
304.80
304.80
304.80
304.80
254.00
254.00
203.20
203.20
177.80
177.80
152.40
152.40
127.00
127.00
101.60
101.60
76.20

20.32
15.75
18.92
15.88
12.70
20.32
16.76
16.13
12.83
18.06
11.71
13.97
10.44
17.45
11.73
10.87
8.89
15.09
7.90
11.20
6.88
11.43
6.40
11.81
5.89
12.55
5.44
8.28
4.90
8.86

10.16
7.87
9.46
7.94
6.35
10.16
8.38
8.06
6.41
9.03
5.85
6.99
5.22
8.72
5.87
5.44
4.45
7.54
3.95
5.60
3.44
5.72
3.20
5.91
2.95
6.27
2.72
4.14
2.45
4.43

204.47
199.90
184.15
181.10
177.80
182.88
179.32
162.31
159.00
158.75
152.40
143.26
139.70
139.19
133.35
129.03
127.00
125.48
118.36
105.92
101.60
98.04
93.01
90.68
84.58
83.41
76.20
71.12
67.56
63.75

27.69
27.69
22.10
22.10
22.10
23.37
23.37
20.19
20.19
17.55
17.55
15.80
15.80
16.74
16.74
13.82
13.82
12.47
12.47
10.80
10.80
9.96
9.96
9.12
9.12
8.28
8.28
7.44
7.44
6.60

520.70
520.70
520.70
520.70
520.70
426.72
426.72
425.45
425.45
381.00
381.00
311.15
311.15
231.78
231.78
244.48
244.48
196.85
196.85
152.40
152.40
130.18
130.18
111.13
111.13
85.73
88.90
63.50
63.50
44.45

50.80
50.80
44.45
44.45
44.45
44.45
44.45
41.28
41.28
38.10
38.10
34.93
34.93
36.51
36.51
30.16
30.16
28.58
28.58
25.40
25.40
23.81
23.81
20.64
20.64
20.64
19.05
19.05
19.05
15.88

S3x5.7

1071

76.20

4.32

2.16

59.18

6.60

44.45

15.88

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

S SHAPES
S24x121
S24x106
S24x100
S24x90
S24x80
S20x96
S20x86
S20x75
S20x66
S18x70
S18x54.7
S15x50
S15x42.9
S12x50
S12x40.8
S12x35
S12x31.8
S10x35
S10x25.4
S8x23
S8x18.4
S7x20
S7x15.3
S6x17.25
S6x12.5
S5x14.75
S5x10
S4x9.5
S4x7.7
S3x7.5

-------------------------------------------------------------

47.24
47.24
40.39
40.64
40.89
41.40
41.40
36.32
36.58
34.54
34.80
32.00
32.00
31.75
31.50
29.46
29.46
27.94
27.69
24.13
24.13
22.35
22.10
20.57
20.07
18.80
18.29
16.51
16.26
14.99

0.11
0.11
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.12
0.12
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.13
0.14
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.18
0.19
0.18
0.20
0.18
0.20
0.19
0.20
0.18

1315
1224
991
937
874
695
653
533
495
384
333
202
186
126
112
95
90
61
51
27
24
18
15
11
9
6
5
3
3
1

4228
3933
3261
3064
2868
2704
2540
2098
1950
1688
1458
1060
973
829
739
624
593
482
403
265
236
198
172
143
120
100
80
55
50
32

239.52
246.63
228.85
233.93
240.54
195.83
200.41
193.55
198.88
170.18
179.58
146.05
151.13
115.57
120.90
119.89
122.68
96.01
103.38
78.49
82.80
68.33
72.64
57.91
62.23
47.50
52.07
39.62
41.66
29.21

35
32
20
19
17
21
19
12
11
10
9
6
6
6
6
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

338
320
215
205
197
228
216
152
144
126
113
91
85
93
84
64
61
55
47
34
30
27
24
21
18
17
13
10
9
8

S3x5.7

---

14.48

0.19

27

31.24

M SHAPES

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

S24x121
S24x106
S24x100
S24x90
S24x80
S20x96
S20x86
S20x75
S20x66
S18x70
S18x54.7
S15x50
S15x42.9
S12x50
S12x40.8
S12x35
S12x31.8
S10x35
S10x25.4
S8x23
S8x18.4
S7x20
S7x15.3
S6x17.25
S6x12.5
S5x14.75
S5x10
S4x9.5
S4x7.7
S3x7.5

38.86
39.88
32.26
33.02
34.04
33.78
34.54
29.46
30.23
27.43
28.96
26.16
26.92
26.16
26.92
24.89
25.40
22.83
24.13
20.19
21.01
18.64
19.46
17.09
17.83
15.75
16.21
14.33
14.63
13.03

5014
4572
3917
3638
3343
3245
2999
2491
2278
2032
1704
1262
1134
998
864
731
685
580
464
315
270
238
198
172
138
122
93
66
57
39

595
547
393
367
341
408
379
274
252
234
198
164
149
169
145
111
106
101
82
60
52
49
40
39
30
31
22
19
16
13

S3x5.7

13.16

32

11

SHAPE

tw

tw/2

bf

tf

M14x18
M12x11.8
M12x10.8
M12x10
M10x9
M10x8
M10x7.5
M8x6.5
M8x6.2
M6x4.4
M6x3.7
M5x18.9

27
18
16
15
13
12
11
10
9
7
6
28

3290
2239
2052
1903
1710
1529
1432
1239
1174
832
703
3581

355.60
304.80
304.80
304.80
254.00
252.73
253.75
203.20
203.20
152.40
150.37
127.00

5.46
4.50
4.06
3.78
3.99
3.58
3.30
3.43
3.28
2.90
2.49
8.03

2.73
2.25
2.03
1.89
1.99
1.79
1.65
1.71
1.64
1.45
1.24
4.01

101.60
77.98
77.98
82.55
68.33
68.33
68.33
57.91
57.91
46.74
50.80
127.00

6.86
5.72
5.33
4.57
5.23
4.62
4.39
4.80
4.50
4.34
3.28
10.57

323.85
276.23
276.23
279.40
225.43
224.16
231.52
174.63
180.98
133.35
134.49
85.73

15.88
14.29
14.29
12.70
14.29
14.29
11.11
14.29
11.11
9.53
7.94
20.64

M4x8

12

1129

96.52

3.30

1.65

96.52

4.06

71.12

12.70

HP14x117
HP14x102
HP14x89
HP14x73
HP13x100
HP13x87
HP13x73
HP13x60
HP12x84
HP12x74
HP12x63
HP12x53
HP10x57
HP10x42

174
152
133
109
149
130
109
89
125
110
94
79
85
63

22194
19355
16839
13806
18968
16452
13935
11290
15871
14064
11871
10000
10839
8000

14.20
14.00
13.80
13.60
13.15
12.95
12.75
12.54
12.30
12.10
11.90
11.80
9.99
9.70

0.81
0.71
0.62
0.51
0.77
0.67
0.57
0.46
0.69
0.61
0.52
0.44
0.57
0.42

0.40
0.35
0.31
0.25
0.38
0.33
0.28
0.23
0.34
0.30
0.26
0.22
0.28
0.21

378.46
375.92
373.38
370.84
335.41
332.87
330.33
327.66
312.42
309.88
307.34
304.80
259.08
256.54

20.45
17.91
15.62
12.83
19.43
16.89
14.35
11.68
17.40
15.49
13.08
11.05
14.35
10.67

284.48
285.75
283.85
285.12
260.99
259.08
260.35
261.37
242.57
240.67
238.76
242.57
190.25
189.23

38.10
34.93
33.34
30.16
36.51
34.93
31.75
28.58
34.93
33.34
31.75
28.58
31.75
28.58

HP8x36

54

6839

8.02

0.45

0.22

207.01

11.30

146.56

28.58

SHAPE

k1

rt

d/Af

Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

M14x18
M12x11.8
M12x10.8
M12x10
M10x9
M10x8
M10x7.5
M8x6.5
M8x6.2
M6x4.4
M6x3.7
M5x18.9

-------------------------

23.11
17.27
17.53
18.80
15.49
15.49
15.24
13.46
14.10
11.18
12.60
32.77

0.51
0.68
0.73
0.81
0.71
0.80
0.85
0.73
0.78
0.75
0.90
0.09

62
30
28
26
16
14
14
8
7
3
2
10

346
197
182
169
128
114
108
76
72
39
33
158

136.65
115.82
116.33
116.08
97.28
97.03
97.79
78.99
78.74
59.94
59.44
52.83

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

22
12
11
10
8
7
7
5
5
3
3
51

M4x8

---

26.29

0.25

41

41.66

13

HP SHAPES
HP14x117
HP14x102
HP14x89
HP14x73
HP13x100
HP13x87
HP13x73
HP13x60
HP12x84
HP12x74
HP12x63
HP12x53
HP10x57
HP10x42

-----------------------------

101.60
100.84
100.08
99.06
89.92
89.15
88.14
87.12
83.57
82.80
82.04
81.28
69.60
68.33

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

508
437
376
303
369
314
262
209
271
237
196
164
122
87

2819
2458
2147
1753
2212
1917
1619
1316
1737
1537
1296
1093
964
711

151.38
150.37
149.35
148.34
139.45
138.43
137.16
136.14
130.56
129.79
128.52
127.76
106.17
104.90

184
158
136
109
122
104
86
69
89
77
64
53
42
30

975
842
726
587
729
624
523
418
567
498
415
346
323
233

HP8x36

---

55.37

0.00

50

488

85.34

17

162

SHAPE

ry

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

M14x18
M12x11.8
M12x10.8
M12x10
M10x9
M10x8
M10x7.5
M8x6.5
M8x6.2
M6x4.4
M6x3.7
M5x18.9

18.26
14.20
14.33
15.04
12.78
12.70
12.78
11.25
11.15
9.45
10.11
30.23

408
234
216
200
151
134
127
89
84
46
38
180

36
19
18
17
13
12
11
9
8
5
4
82

M4x8

23.24

45

19

HP14x117
HP14x102
HP14x89
HP14x73
HP13x100
HP13x87
HP13x73
HP13x60
HP12x84
HP12x74
HP12x63
HP12x53
HP10x57
HP10x42

91.19
90.42
89.66
88.65
80.26
79.50
78.74
77.98
74.68
74.17
73.15
72.64
62.23
61.21

3179
2769
2393
1934
2507
2147
1803
1458
1966
1721
1447
1213
1090
791

1498
1291
1109
895
1124
959
800
639
872
764
634
528
497
357

HP8x36

49.53

551

249

Single Angle Secti


W

kg/m

mm

L9x4x5/8

86

L9x4x9/16

78

Shape

mm

mm

mm

4987.0868

228.6

101.6

15.875

4516.12

228.6

101.6

14.2875

L9x4x1/2

70

4032.25

228.6

101.6

12.7

L8x8x1-1/8

188

10838.688

203.2

203.2

28.575

L8x8x1

168

9741.916

203.2

203.2

25.4

L8x8x7/8

149

8580.628

203.2

203.2

22.225

L8x8x3/4

129

7419.34

203.2

203.2

19.05

L8x8x5/8

108

6251.6004

203.2

203.2

15.875

L8x8x9/16

98

5658.0532

203.2

203.2

14.2875

L8x8x1/2

88

5058.0544

203.2

203.2

12.7

L8x6x1

146

8451.596

203.2

152.4

25.4

L8x6x7/8

129

7419.34

203.2

152.4

22.225

L8x6x3/4

112

6445.1484

203.2

152.4

19.05

L8x6x5/8

94

5425.7956

203.2

152.4

15.875

L8x6x9/16

85

4909.6676

203.2

152.4

14.2875

L8x6x1/2

76

4387.088

203.2

152.4

12.7

L8x6x7/16

67

3864.5084

203.2

152.4

11.1125

L8x4x1

123

7161.276

203.2

101.6

25.4

L8x4x7/8

109

6316.1164

203.2

101.6

22.225

L8x4x3/4

95

5477.4084

203.2

101.6

19.05

L8x4x5/8

80

4619.3456

203.2

101.6

15.875

L8x4x9/16

73

4187.0884

203.2

101.6

14.2875

L8x4x1/2

65

3741.928

203.2

101.6

12.7

L8x4x7/16

57

3296.7676

203.2

101.6

11.1125

L7x4x3/4

86

4967.732

177.8

101.6

19.05

L7x4x5/8

73

4193.54

177.8

101.6

15.875

L7x4x1/2

59

3393.5416

177.8

101.6

12.7

L7x4x7/16

52

2987.0908

177.8

101.6

11.1125

L7x4x3/8

45

2580.64

177.8

101.6

9.525

L6x6x1

123

7096.76

152.4

152.4

25.4

L6x6x7/8

109

6290.31

152.4

152.4

22.225

L6x6x3/4

94

5458.0536

152.4

152.4

19.05

L6x6x5/8

80

4599.9908

152.4

152.4

15.875

L6x6x9/16

72

4161.282

152.4

152.4

14.2875

L6x6x1/2

64

3722.5732

152.4

152.4

12.7

L6x6x7/16

57

3277.4128

152.4

152.4

11.1125

L6x6x3/8

49

2825.8008

152.4

152.4

9.525

L6x6x5/16

41

2367.7372

152.4

152.4

7.9375

L6x4x7/8

89

5148.3768

152.4

101.6

22.225

L6x4x3/4

77

4477.4104

152.4

101.6

19.05

L6x4x5/8

65

3780.6376

152.4

101.6

15.875

L6x4x9/16

59

3425.7996

152.4

101.6

14.2875

L6x4x1/2

53

3064.51

152.4

101.6

12.7

L6x4x7/16

47

2696.7688

152.4

101.6

11.1125

L6x4x3/8

40

2329.0276

152.4

101.6

9.525

L6x4x5/16

34

1954.8348

152.4

101.6

7.9375

L6x3-1/2x1/2

51

2916.1232

152.4

88.9

12.7

L6x3-1/2x3/8

38

2219.3504

152.4

88.9

9.525

L6x3-1/2x5/16

32

1864.5124

152.4

88.9

7.9375

L5x5x7/8

90

5174.1832

127

127

22.225

L5x5x3/4

78

4503.2168

127

127

19.05

L5x5x5/8

66

3806.444

127

127

15.875

L5x5x1/2

53

3090.3164

127

127

12.7

L5x5x7/16

47

2722.5752

127

127

11.1125

L5x5x3/8

41

2354.834

127

127

9.525

L5x5x5/16

34

1980.6412

127

127

7.9375

L5x3-1/2x3/4

65

3754.8312

127

88.9

19.05

L5x3-1/2x5/8

55

3180.6388

127

88.9

15.875

L5x3-1/2x1/2

45

2580.64

127

88.9

12.7

L5x3-1/2x7/16

39

2277.4148

127

88.9

11.1125

L5x3-1/2x3/8

34

1967.738

127

88.9

9.525

L5x3-1/2x5/16

29

1651.6096

127

88.9

7.9375

L5x3-1/2x1/4

23

1335.4812

127

88.9

6.35

L5x3x5/8

52

2974.1876

127

76.2

15.875

L5x3x1/2

42

2419.35

127

76.2

12.7

L5x3x7/16

37

2135.4796

127

76.2

11.1125

L5x3x3/8

32

1845.1576

127

76.2

9.525

L5x3x5/16

27

1554.8356

127

76.2

7.9375

L5x3x1/4

22

1251.6104

127

76.2

6.35

L4x4x3/4

61

3503.2188

101.6

101.6

19.05

L4x4x5/8

52

2974.1876

101.6

101.6

15.875

L4x4x1/2

42

2419.35

101.6

101.6

12.7

L4x4x7/16

37

2129.028

101.6

101.6

11.1125

L4x4x3/8

32

1845.1576

101.6

101.6

9.525

L4x4x5/16

27

1548.384

101.6

101.6

7.9375

L4x4x1/4

22

1245.1588

101.6

101.6

6.35

L4x3-1/2x1/2

39

2258.06

101.6

88.9

12.7

L4x3-1/2x7/16

35

1993.5444

101.6

88.9

11.1125

L4x3-1/2x3/8

30

1729.0288

101.6

88.9

9.525

L4x3-1/2x5/16

25

1451.61

101.6

88.9

7.9375

L4x3-1/2x1/4

20

1174.1912

101.6

88.9

6.35

L4x3x5/8

45

2574.1884

101.6

76.2

15.875

L4x3x1/2

36

2096.77

101.6

76.2

12.7

L4x3x7/16

32

1851.6092

101.6

76.2

11.1125

L4x3x3/8

28

1606.4484

101.6

76.2

9.525

L4x3x5/16

23

1348.3844

101.6

76.2

7.9375

L4x3x1/4

19

1090.3204

101.6

76.2

6.35

L3-1/2x3-1/2x1/2

36

2109.6732

88.9

88.9

12.7

L3-1/2x3-1/2x7/16

32

1864.5124

88.9

88.9

11.1125

L3-1/2x3-1/2x3/8

28

1612.9

88.9

88.9

9.525

L3-1/2x3-1/2x5/16

23

1354.836

88.9

88.9

7.9375

L3-1/2x3-1/2x1/4

19

1096.772

88.9

88.9

6.35

L3-1/2x3x1/2

34

1948.3832

88.9

76.2

12.7

L3-1/2x3x7/16

30

1722.5772

88.9

76.2

11.1125

L3-1/2x3x3/8

26

1496.7712

88.9

76.2

9.525

L3-1/2x3x5/16

22

1258.062

88.9

76.2

7.9375

L3-1/2x3x1/4

18

1019.3528

88.9

76.2

6.35

L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/2

31

1780.6416

88.9

63.5

12.7

L3-1/2x2-1/2x7/16

27

1567.7388

88.9

63.5

11.1125

L3-1/2x2-1/2x3/8

24

1367.7392

88.9

63.5

9.525

L3-1/2x2-1/2x5/16

20

1154.8364

88.9

63.5

7.9375

L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/4

16

935.482

88.9

63.5

6.35

L3x3x1/2

31

1774.19

76.2

76.2

12.7

L3x3x7/16

27

1567.7388

76.2

76.2

11.1125

L3x3x3/8

24

1361.2876

76.2

76.2

9.525

L3x3x5/16

20

1148.3848

76.2

76.2

7.9375

L3x3x1/4

16

929.0304

76.2

76.2

6.35

L3x3x3/16

12

703.2244

76.2

76.2

4.7625

L3x2-1/2x1/2

28

1619.3516

76.2

63.5

12.7

L3x2-1/2x7/16

25

1432.2552

76.2

63.5

11.1125

L3x2-1/2x3/8

22

1245.1588

76.2

63.5

9.525

L3x2-1/2x5/16

18

1051.6108

76.2

63.5

7.9375

L3x2-1/2x1/4

15

851.6112

76.2

63.5

6.35

L3x2-1/2x3/16

11

645.16

76.2

63.5

4.7625

L3x2x1/2

25

1458.0616

76.2

50.8

12.7

L3x2x7/16

22

1290.32

76.2

50.8

11.1125

L3x2x3/8

20

1129.03

76.2

50.8

9.525

L3x2x5/16

17

954.8368

76.2

50.8

7.9375

L3x2x1/4

13

774.192

76.2

50.8

6.35

L3x2x3/16

10

591.61172

76.2

50.8

4.7625

L2-1/2x2-1/2x1/2

25

1451.61

63.5

63.5

12.7

L2-1/2x2-1/2x3/8

19

1116.1268

63.5

63.5

9.525

L2-1/2x2-1/2x5/16

16

941.9336

63.5

63.5

7.9375

L2-1/2x2-1/2x1/4

13

767.7404

63.5

63.5

6.35

L2-1/2x2-1/2x3/16

10

581.28916

63.5

63.5

4.7625

L2-1/2X2X3/8

17

1006.4496

63.5

50.8

9.525

L2-1/2x2x5/16

15

851.6112

63.5

50.8

7.9375

L2-1/2x2x1/4

12

690.3212

63.5

50.8

6.35

L2-1/2x2x3/16

527.74088

63.5

50.8

4.7625

L2x2x3/8

15

883.8692

50.8

50.8

9.525

L2x2x5/16

13

748.3856

50.8

50.8

7.9375

L2x2x1/4

11

609.03104

50.8

50.8

6.35

L2x2x3/16

465.80552

50.8

50.8

4.7625

L2x2x1/8

316.77356

50.8

50.8

3.175

L1-3/4x1-3/4x1/4

524.51508

44.45

44.45

6.35

L1-3/4x1-3/4x3/16

400.64436

44.45

44.45

4.7625

L1-1/2x1-1/2x1/4

443.87008

38.1

38.1

6.35

L1-1/2x1-1/2x3/16

339.99932

38.1

38.1

4.7625

L1-1/4x1-1/4x1/4

363.22508

31.75

31.75

6.35

L1-1/4x1-1/4x3/16

279.99944

31.75

31.75

4.7625

L1-1/8x1-1/8x1/8

171.61256

28.575

28.575

3.175

L1x1x1/8

150.96744

25.4

25.4

3.175

Single Angle Section Properties


k

Ix

mm

mm

Sx
4

mm

rx

Iy

mm

mm

mm

Sy
4

mm3

28.575

27.01341952 188.451236

73.66

85.344

3.463045461 43.4257196

26.9875

24.59927725 170.4254656

73.914

84.582

3.175845777 39.49282424

25.4

22.14351184 153.0551778

74.168

84.074

2.880321465 35.55992888

44.45

40.83230285

61.214

60.96

40.83230285

41.275

37.08622002 258.9156112

61.722

59.944

37.08622002 258.9156112

38.1

33.17364462 229.418896

62.23

58.674

33.17364462 229.418896

34.925

29.09457665 199.9221808

62.484

57.404

29.09457665 199.9221808

31.75

24.80739297 168.7867592

62.992

56.134

24.80739297 168.7867592

30.1625

22.55974327 152.8913071

63.246

55.626

22.55974327 152.8913071

28.575

20.31209357 136.995855

63.246

55.118

20.31209357 136.995855

38.1

33.67312233 247.4446664

63.246

67.31

16.14977931 146.1726109

34.925

30.13515521 219.5866576

63.5

66.04

14.52647675 130.1132882

31.75

26.43069553 191.7286488

64.008

64.77

12.81992791 113.3984829

28.575

22.55974327 161.576451

64.516

63.5

10.98850964 96.35593632

26.9875

20.56183242 146.5003522

64.77

62.992

10.03117736 87.50692176

25.4

18.4806753 131.2603826

64.77

62.484

9.032221936 78.49403656

23.8125

16.35789503 115.6926718

65.024

61.722

8.033266514 69.31728072

38.1

286.77362

286.77362

29.01133036 229.418896

63.754

76.962

4.828284537 64.56503216

34.925

26.05608724

64.262

75.946

4.370429969 57.51859464

31.75

22.89272841 178.6189976

64.77

74.676

3.900088458 50.30828648

150.7609888

65.024

73.406

3.375636862 42.93410768

26.9875

17.85632816 136.6681138

65.278

72.644

3.096761806 39.00121232

25.4

16.06653303 122.5752387

65.532

72.136

2.809562123 35.2321876

23.8125

14.23511476 107.9907518

65.786

71.374

2.509875496 31.1354216

31.75

15.73354789 137.487467

56.134

63.5

3.74608283 49.32506264

28.575

13.48589819 116.6758957

56.642

62.23

3.242442805 41.95088384

25.4

11.07175592 94.88110056

57.15

60.96

2.697179638 34.4128344

23.8125

9.823061644 83.73789704

57.404

60.452

2.409979954 30.47993904

22.225

8.532744225 72.43082288

57.658

59.69

2.106131014 26.38317304

38.1

14.73459247 140.1093972

45.466

47.244

14.73459247 140.1093972

34.925

13.27778248 124.705557

45.974

45.974

13.27778248 124.705557

28.575

19.562877

204.8383

31.75

11.69610306 108.810105

46.228

44.958

11.69610306 108.810105

28.575

10.03117736 92.42304096

46.736

43.688

10.03117736 92.42304096

26.9875

9.157091363 83.90176768

46.99

43.18

9.157091363 83.90176768

25.4

8.283005369 75.21662376

47.244

42.418

8.283005369 75.21662376

23.8125

7.325673091 66.53147984

47.244

41.91

7.325673091 66.53147984

22.225

6.409963954 57.51859464

47.498

41.148

6.409963954 57.51859464

20.6375

5.411008533 48.3418388

47.752

40.64

5.411008533 48.3418388

34.925

11.52961049 116.8397663

47.244

53.848

4.037444828 55.22440568

31.75

10.19766993 102.0914087

47.752

52.578

3.592077203 48.3418388

28.575

8.740859938 86.68756856

48.006

51.562

3.113411063 41.29540128

26.9875

7.991643372 78.82177784

48.26

50.8

2.85534758 37.52637656

25.4

7.200803663 70.62824584

48.514

50.292

2.588959467 33.75735184

23.8125

6.409963954 62.43471384

48.768

49.53

2.314246726 29.98832712

22.225

5.577501103 54.0773112

49.022

49.022

2.022884728 25.89156112

20.6375

4.745038252 45.39216728

49.276

48.26

1.719035788 21.95866576

25.4

6.909441665 69.31728072

48.768

52.578

1.764821245 26.05543176

22.225

5.36938539 52.93021672

49.022

51.308

1.386050647 19.99221808

20.6375

4.536922539 44.57281408

49.276

50.8

1.182097249 16.87867592

34.925

7.408919376 84.55725024

37.846

39.624

7.408919376 84.55725024

31.75

6.534833382 74.06952928

38.1

38.608

6.534833382 74.06952928

28.575

5.660747388 63.0901964

38.608

37.338

5.660747388 63.0901964

25.4

4.703415109 51.6192516

38.862

36.068

4.703415109 51.6192516

23.8125

4.162314256 45.55603792

39.116

35.56

4.162314256 45.55603792

22.225

3.646187288 39.49282424

39.37

34.798

3.646187288 39.49282424

20.6375

3.096761806 33.42961056

39.624

34.29

3.096761806 33.42961056

30.1625

5.785616816 69.80889264

39.37

44.196

2.297597469 36.0515408

26.9875

4.994777107 59.48504232

39.624

42.926

1.997910843 30.80768032

23.8125

4.145664999 48.66958008

40.132

41.91

1.673250331 25.3999492

23.8125

3.704459688 43.26184896

40.386

41.402

1.510920075 22.77801896

20.6375

3.225793548 37.36250592

40.386

40.64

1.311128991 19.50060616

19.05

2.73880278 31.46316288

40.64

39.878

1.119662535 16.55093464

17.4625

2.231000441 25.3999492

40.894

39.37

0.915709136 13.37184422

25.4

4.745038252 58.1740772

39.878

45.72

1.273668162 22.77801896

23.8125

3.925062343 47.35861496

40.132

44.196

1.061390135 18.51738232

22.225

3.500506289 41.95088384

40.386

43.688

0.953169965

20.6375

3.059300978 36.37928208

40.64

42.926

0.836625165 14.32229394

19.05

2.597284096 30.64380968

40.894

42.418

0.715918052 12.1100403

17.4625

2.118617956 24.74446664

41.148

41.656

0.58688631

28.575

3.171683463 45.71990856

29.972

32.258

3.171683463 45.71990856

25.4

2.755452037 39.00121232

30.48

30.988

2.755452037 39.00121232

22.225

2.297597469 32.11864544

30.734

29.972

2.297597469 32.11864544

20.6375

2.052020928 28.34962072

30.988

29.21

2.052020928 28.34962072

1.798119759

31.242

28.702

1.798119759

19.05

24.580596

16.387064

9.8322384

24.580596

17.4625

1.527569332 20.81157128

31.496

28.194

1.527569332 20.81157128

15.875

1.248694277 16.87867592

31.75

27.432

1.248694277 16.87867592

22.225

2.206026556 31.46316288

31.242

31.496

1.56503016

22.225

1.981261586 28.18575008

31.496

31.242

1.415186847 22.1225364

19.05

1.727360416 24.25285472

31.75

30.48

1.23204502 19.00899424

17.4625

1.469296932

31.75

29.718

1.048903193 16.05932272

15.875

1.20290882 16.55093464

32.004

28.956

0.861599051 13.01132882

25.4

2.501550868 37.36250592

31.242

34.798

1.186259563 21.95866576

22.225

2.089481757 30.64380968

31.496

33.528

0.998955421 18.0257704

20.48383

24.580596

22.225

1.881366044 27.53026752

31.75

33.02

0.907384508 16.25596749

19.05

1.639951817 23.59737216

32.004

32.258

0.786677394 13.94539146

17.4625

1.39853759 19.99221808

32.258

31.75

0.674294909 11.81507314

15.875

1.14463642 16.19041923

32.258

30.988

0.553587796 9.58643244

22.225

1.510920075 24.25285472

26.67

26.67

1.510920075 24.25285472

20.6375

1.352752133 21.63092448

26.924

26.162

1.352752133 21.63092448

19.05

1.190421877 18.8451236

27.178

25.4

1.190421877 18.8451236

17.4625

1.015604678 15.87906502

27.432

24.8666

1.015604678 15.87906502

15.875

0.832462851 12.89661937

27.686

24.2316

0.832462851 12.89661937

22.225

1.435998418 23.7612428

27.178

28.448

0.965656907 17.86189976

20.6375

1.290317419 21.13931256

27.432

27.686

0.86992368 15.91183914

19.05

1.136311792 18.35351168

27.686

27.178

0.765865823 13.87984321

17.4625

0.969819222 15.58409786

27.686

26.67

0.657645652 11.76591195

15.875

0.799164337 12.66720047

27.94

25.908

0.541100853 9.58643244

22.225

1.348589819 23.10576024

27.432

30.48

0.566074739 12.38862038

22.225

1.211233448 20.64770064

27.686

29.972

0.511964653 11.09404233

19.05

1.06555245 17.86189976

27.94

29.21

0.453692254 9.651980696

17.4625

0.915709136 15.1580342

28.194

28.702

0.390008846 8.209919064

15.875

0.75337888 12.33945919

28.448

27.94

0.322579355 6.71869624

22.225

0.915709136 17.37028784

22.733

23.5966

0.915709136 17.37028784

20.6375

0.824138223 15.50216254

22.9362

23.0378

0.824138223 15.50216254

19.05

0.728404995 13.5193278

23.114

22.4536

0.728404995 13.5193278

17.4625

0.624347138 11.45455774

23.3172

21.844

0.624347138 11.45455774

15.875

0.511964653 9.324239416

23.5204

21.2344

0.511964653 9.324239416

14.2875

0.394587391 7.095598712

23.6982

20.6248

0.394587391 7.095598712

22.225

0.861599051 16.87867592

23.114

25.273

0.536938539 12.0608791

20.6375

0.778352766 15.09248594

23.2918

24.6888

0.486990768 10.74991398

19.05

0.686781852 13.15881239

23.4696

24.1046

0.428718368 9.389787672

17.4625

0.58688631 11.15959058

23.6728

23.495

0.369613506 7.980500168

15.875

0.482828454 9.09482052

23.876

22.86

0.305513866 6.505664408

14.2875

0.374192052 6.931728072

24.0538

22.1996

0.23641945 4.965280392

20.6375

0.799164337

23.4188

27.432

0.277626361 7.70192008

16.387064

19.05

0.720080366 14.65003522

23.6728

26.924

0.253484938 6.948115136

17.4625

0.640996395 12.76552286

23.7998

26.162

0.224348738 6.030439552

15.875

0.549425482 10.84823637

24.003

25.654

0.194380076 5.145538096

14.2875

0.453692254 8.865401624

24.2062

24.892

0.162330256 4.227862512

12.7

0.352548017 6.784244496

24.4094

24.1808

0.126950585 3.244638672

19.05

0.507802339 11.73313782

18.669

20.3962

0.507802339 11.73313782

15.875

0.404576946 9.143981712

19.0246

19.2532

0.404576946 9.143981712

14.2875

0.348385703 7.767468336

19.2024

18.669

0.348385703 7.767468336

12.7

0.288032147 6.341793768

19.4056

18.0594

0.288032147 6.341793768

11.1125

0.222683813 4.83418388

19.5834

17.4498

0.222683813 4.83418388

15.875

0.380435523 8.947336944

19.4564

20.9804

0.213526721 5.915730104

14.2875

0.328822826 7.61998476

19.6596

20.3962

0.185639216 5.063602776

12.7

0.273047815 6.243471384

19.8628

19.7866

0.15483809 4.145927192

11.1125

0.212694258 4.801409752

20.066

19.1516

0.121539576 3.19547748

15.875

0.198126159 5.702698272

15.0114

16.0528

0.198126159 5.702698272

14.2875

0.17231981 4.883345072

15.1892

15.4686

0.17231981 4.883345072

12.7

0.144016073 3.998443616

15.367

14.8844

0.144016073 3.998443616

11.1125

0.112798716 3.080768032

15.5448

14.2494

0.112798716 3.080768032

9.525

0.078667739 2.113931256

15.748

13.5636

0.078667739 2.113931256

12.7

0.094484534 3.047993904

13.4366

13.4366

0.094484534 3.047993904

11.1125

0.074505425 2.359737216

13.6398

12.8524

0.074505425 2.359737216

11.1125

0.057856168 2.195866576

11.4046

11.8364

0.057856168 2.195866576

9.525

0.045785457 1.704254656

11.6078

11.2776

0.045785457 1.704254656

11.1125

0.03204982 1.491222824

9.3726

10.2362

0.03204982 1.491222824

9.525

0.025390117 1.163481544

9.5758

9.6774

0.025390117 1.163481544

5.55625

0.013319406 0.65548256

8.763

8.3058

0.013319406 0.65548256

6.35

0.009157091 0.507998984

7.7216

7.5184

0.009157091 0.507998984

ry

mm

mm

26.416

21.7932

L9x4x5/8

26.3

7.73

26.416

21.1836

L9x4x9/16

23.8

Shape

26.67

20.574

L9x4x1/2

21.3

6.25

61.214

60.96

L8x8x1-1/8

57.2

16.8

61.722

59.944

L8x8x1

51.3

15.1

62.23

58.674

L8x8x7/8

45.3

13.3

62.484

57.404

L8x8x3/4

39.2

11.5

62.992

56.134

L8x8x5/8

33

9.69

63.246

55.626

L8x8x9/16

29.8

8.77

63.246

55.118

L8x8x1/2

26.7

7.84

43.688

41.91

L8x6x1

44.4

13.1

44.196

40.64

L8x6x7/8

39.3

11.5

44.45

39.624

L8x6x3/4

34

9.99

44.958

38.354

L8x6x5/8

28.6

8.41

45.212

37.846

L8x6x9/16

25.9

7.61

45.466

37.084

L8x6x1/2

23.2

6.8

45.72

36.576

L8x6x7/16

20.4

5.99

26.162

26.416

L8x4x1

37.6

11.1

26.416

25.3238

L8x4x7/8

33.3

9.79

26.67

24.1046

L8x4x3/4

28.9

8.49

26.924

22.9108

L8x4x5/8

24.4

7.16

27.178

22.3012

L8x4x9/16

22.1

6.49

27.432

21.6916

L8x4x1/2

19.7

5.8

27.686

21.0566

L8x4x7/16

17.4

5.11

27.432

25.4

L7x4x3/4

26.2

7.7

27.94

24.3332

L7x4x5/8

22.1

6.5

28.194

23.114

L7x4x1/2

17.9

5.26

28.448

22.5044

L7x4x7/16

15.8

4.63

28.448

21.8694

L7x4x3/8

13.6

45.466

47.244

L6x6x1

37.5

11

45.974

45.974

L6x6x7/8

33.2

9.75

46.228

44.958

L6x6x3/4

28.8

8.46

46.736

43.688

L6x6x5/8

24.3

7.13

46.99

43.18

L6x6x9/16

22

6.45

47.244

42.418

L6x6x1/2

19.6

5.77

47.244

41.91

L6x6x7/16

17.3

5.08

47.498

41.148

L6x6x3/8

14.9

4.38

47.752

40.64

L6x6x5/16

12.5

3.67

27.94

28.448

L6x4x7/8

27.2

7.98

28.448

27.178

L6x4x3/4

23.6

6.94

28.702

26.162

L6x4x5/8

19.9

5.86

28.956

25.4

L6x4x9/16

18.1

5.31

28.956

24.9174

L6x4x1/2

16.2

4.75

29.21

24.3078

L6x4x7/16

14.2

4.18

29.464

23.6982

L6x4x3/8

12.3

3.61

29.718

23.0632

L6x4x5/16

10.3

3.03

24.5872

21.0566

L6x3-1/2x1/2

15.4

4.52

3.5

24.9936

19.8374

L6x3-1/2x3/8

11.7

3.44

3.5

25.1714

19.2024

L6x3-1/2x5/16

9.83

2.89

3.5

37.846

39.624

L5x5x7/8

27.3

8.02

38.1

38.608

L5x5x3/4

23.7

6.98

38.608

37.338

L5x5x5/8

20.1

5.9

38.862

36.068

L5x5x1/2

16.3

4.79

39.116

35.56

L5x5x7/16

14.4

4.22

39.37

34.798

L5x5x3/8

12.4

3.65

39.624

34.29

L5x5x5/16

10.4

3.07

24.7396

25.2222

L5x3-1/2x3/4

19.8

5.82

3.5

25.0698

24.0538

L5x3-1/2x5/8

16.8

4.93

3.5

25.4

22.8854

L5x3-1/2x1/2

13.6

3.5

25.654

22.4282

L5x3-1/2x7/16

12

3.53

3.5

25.908

21.6916

L5x3-1/2x3/8

10.4

3.05

3.5

25.908

21.0566

L5x3-1/2x5/16

8.72

2.56

3.5

26.162

20.4216

L5x3-1/2x1/4

7.03

2.07

3.5

20.701

20.2184

L5x3x5/8

15.7

4.61

20.9296

18.9484

L5x3x1/2

12.8

3.75

21.1074

18.3388

L5x3x7/16

11.3

3.31

21.2852

17.7292

L5x3x3/8

9.74

2.86

21.4884

17.0942

L5x3x5/16

8.19

2.41

21.6662

16.4592

L5x3x1/4

6.6

1.94

29.972

32.258

L4x4x3/4

18.5

5.43

30.48

30.988

L4x4x5/8

15.7

4.61

30.734

29.972

L4x4x1/2

12.7

3.75

30.988

29.21

L4x4x7/16

11.2

3.3

31.242

28.702

L4x4x3/8

9.72

2.86

31.496

28.194

L4x4x5/16

8.16

2.4

31.75

27.432

L4x4x1/4

6.58

1.93

26.416

25.2476

L4x3-1/2x1/2

11.9

3.5

3.5

26.67

24.8412

L4x3-1/2x7/16

10.6

3.09

3.5

26.67

24.0538

L4x3-1/2x3/8

9.1

2.68

3.5

26.924

23.4442

L4x3-1/2x5/16

7.65

2.25

3.5

27.178

22.7838

L4x3-1/2x1/4

6.18

1.82

3.5

21.463

22.0218

L4x3x5/8

13.6

3.99

21.7932

20.8788

L4x3x1/2

11.1

3.25

22.1234

20.4216

L4x3x7/16

9.8

2.87

22.1742

19.685

L4x3x3/8

8.47

2.49

22.352

19.05

L4x3x5/16

7.12

2.09

22.5298

18.415

L4x3x1/4

5.75

1.69

26.67

26.67

L3-1/2x3-1/2x1/2

11.1

3.27

3.5

3.5

26.924

26.162 L3-1/2x3-1/2x7/16

9.82

2.89

3.5

3.5

L3-1/2x3-1/2x3/8

8.51

2.5

3.5

3.5

27.432

24.8666 L3-1/2x3-1/2x5/16

7.16

2.1

3.5

3.5

27.686

24.2316 L3-1/2x3-1/2x1/4

5.79

1.7

3.5

3.5

22.2758

22.0726

L3-1/2x3x1/2

10.3

3.02

3.5

22.479

21.4884

L3-1/2x3x7/16

9.09

2.67

3.5

22.6568

20.9042

L3-1/2x3x3/8

7.88

2.32

3.5

22.86

20.2692

L3-1/2x3x5/16

6.65

1.95

3.5

23.0632

19.6342

L3-1/2x3x1/4

5.38

1.58

3.5

17.8054

17.8054 L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/2

9.41

2.76

3.5

2.5

18.0594

17.3228 L3-1/2x2-1/2x7/16

8.3

2.43

3.5

2.5

18.1864

16.637

L3-1/2x2-1/2x3/8

7.23

2.12

3.5

2.5

18.3642

16.0528 L3-1/2x2-1/2x5/16

6.1

1.79

3.5

2.5

18.5674

15.4178 L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/4

4.94

1.45

3.5

2.5

22.733

23.5966

L3x3x1/2

9.35

2.75

22.9362

23.0378

L3x3x7/16

8.28

2.43

23.114

22.4536

L3x3x3/8

7.17

2.11

23.3172

21.844

L3x3x5/16

6.04

1.78

23.5204

21.2344

L3x3x1/4

4.89

1.44

23.6982

20.6248

L3x3x3/16

3.7

1.09

18.2372

18.9484

L3x2-1/2x1/2

8.53

2.51

2.5

18.3896

18.3896

L3x2-1/2x7/16

7.56

2.22

2.5

18.5674

17.8054

L3x2-1/2x3/8

6.56

1.93

2.5

18.7706

17.1958

L3x2-1/2x5/16

5.54

1.63

2.5

18.9484

16.5862

L3x2-1/2x1/4

4.49

1.32

2.5

19.1262

15.9258

L3x2-1/2x3/16

3.41

2.5

13.7922

14.732

L3x2x1/2

7.7

2.26

14.0462

14.2494

L3x2x7/16

6.8

14.097

13.589

L3x2x3/8

5.95

1.75

14.2748

12.9794

L3x2x5/16

5.03

1.48

14.4526

12.3698

L3x2x1/4

4.09

1.2

14.6558

11.7348

L3x2x3/16

3.12

0.917

18.669

20.3962 L2-1/2x2-1/2x1/2

7.65

2.25

2.5

2.5

19.0246

19.2532 L2-1/2x2-1/2x3/8

5.9

1.73

2.5

2.5

19.2024

18.669 L2-1/2x2-1/2x5/16

4.98

1.46

2.5

2.5

19.4056

18.0594 L2-1/2x2-1/2x1/4

4.04

1.19

2.5

2.5

19.5834

17.4498 L2-1/2x2-1/2x3/16

3.06

0.901

2.5

2.5

14.5796

14.6812

5.3

1.56

2.5

27.178

25.4

L2-1/2X2X3/8

14.7574

14.097

L2-1/2x2x5/16

4.49

1.32

2.5

14.9606

13.5128

L2-1/2x2x1/4

3.65

1.07

2.5

15.1638

12.9032

L2-1/2x2x3/16

2.78

0.818

2.5

15.0114

16.0528

L2x2x3/8

4.65

1.37

15.1892

15.4686

L2x2x5/16

3.94

1.16

15.367

14.8844

L2x2x1/4

3.21

0.944

15.5448

14.2494

L2x2x3/16

2.46

0.722

15.748

13.5636

L2x2x1/8

1.67

0.491

13.4366

13.4366 L1-3/4x1-3/4x1/4

2.77

0.813

1.75

1.75

13.6398

12.8524 L1-3/4x1-3/4x3/16

2.12

0.621

1.75

1.75

11.4046

11.8364 L1-1/2x1-1/2x1/4

2.34

0.688

1.5

1.5

11.6078

11.2776 L1-1/2x1-1/2x3/16

1.8

0.527

1.5

1.5

9.3726

10.2362 L1-1/4x1-1/4x1/4

1.92

0.563

1.25

1.25

9.5758

9.6774 L1-1/4x1-1/4x3/16

1.48

0.434

1.25

1.25

8.763

8.3058

L1-1/8x1-1/8x1/8

0.9

0.266

1.125

1.125

7.7216

7.5184

L1x1x1/8

0.8

0.234

0.625

1.125

64.9

11.5

2.9

3.36

8.32

0.5625

1.0625

59.1

10.4

2.91

3.33

7.63

0.5

53.2

9.34

2.92

3.31

6.92

1.125

1.75

98.1

17.5

2.41

2.4

98.1

1.625

89.1

15.8

2.43

2.36

89.1

0.875

1.5

79.7

14

2.45

2.31

79.7

0.75

1.375

69.9

12.2

2.46

2.26

69.9

0.625

1.25

59.6

10.3

2.48

2.21

59.6

0.5625

1.1875

54.2

9.33

2.49

2.19

54.2

0.5

1.125

48.8

8.36

2.49

2.17

48.8

1.5

80.9

15.1

2.49

2.65

38.8

0.875

1.375

72.4

13.4

2.5

2.6

34.9

0.75

1.25

63.5

11.7

2.52

2.55

30.8

0.625

1.125

54.2

9.86

2.54

2.5

26.4

0.5625

1.0625

49.4

8.94

2.55

2.48

24.1

0.5

44.4

8.01

2.55

2.46

21.7

0.4375

0.9375

39.3

7.06

2.56

2.43

19.3

1.5

69.7

14

2.51

3.03

11.6

0.875

1.375

62.6

12.5

2.53

2.99

10.5

0.75

1.25

55

10.9

2.55

2.94

9.37

0.625

1.125

47

9.2

2.56

2.89

8.11

0.5625

1.0625

42.9

8.34

2.57

2.86

7.44

0.5

38.6

7.48

2.58

2.84

6.75

0.4375

0.9375

34.2

6.59

2.59

2.81

6.03

0.75

1.25

37.8

8.39

2.21

2.5

0.625

1.125

32.4

7.12

2.23

2.45

7.79

0.5

26.6

5.79

2.25

2.4

6.48

0.4375

0.9375

23.6

5.11

2.26

2.38

5.79

0.375

0.875

20.5

4.42

2.27

2.35

5.06

1.5

35.4

8.55

1.79

1.86

35.4

0.875

1.375

31.9

7.61

1.81

1.81

31.9

0.75

1.25

28.1

6.64

1.82

1.77

28.1

0.625

1.125

24.1

5.64

1.84

1.72

24.1

0.5625

1.0625

22

5.12

1.85

1.7

22

0.5

19.9

4.59

1.86

1.67

19.9

0.4375

0.9375

17.6

4.06

1.86

1.65

17.6

0.375

0.875

15.4

3.51

1.87

1.62

15.4

0.3125

0.8125

13

2.95

1.88

1.6

13

0.875

1.375

27.7

7.13

1.86

2.12

9.7

0.75

1.25

24.5

6.23

1.88

2.07

8.63

0.625

1.125

21

5.29

1.89

2.03

7.48

0.5625

1.0625

19.2

4.81

1.9

6.86

0.5

17.3

4.31

1.91

1.98

6.22

0.4375

0.9375

15.4

3.81

1.92

1.95

5.56

0.375

0.875

13.4

3.3

1.93

1.93

4.86

0.3125

0.8125

11.4

2.77

1.94

1.9

4.13

0.5

16.6

4.23

1.92

2.07

4.24

0.375

0.875

12.9

3.23

1.93

2.02

3.33

0.3125

0.8125

10.9

2.72

1.94

2.84

0.875

1.375

17.8

5.16

1.49

1.56

17.8

0.75

1.25

15.7

4.52

1.5

1.52

15.7

0.625

1.125

13.6

3.85

1.52

1.47

13.6

0.5

11.3

3.15

1.53

1.42

11.3

0.4375

0.9375

10

2.78

1.54

1.4

10

0.375

0.875

8.76

2.41

1.55

1.37

8.76

0.3125

0.8125

7.44

2.04

1.56

1.35

7.44

0.75

1.1875

13.9

4.26

1.55

1.74

5.52

0.625

1.0625

12

3.63

1.56

1.69

4.8

0.5

0.9375

9.96

2.97

1.58

1.65

4.02

0.4375

0.9375

8.9

2.64

1.59

1.63

3.63

0.375

0.8125

7.75

2.28

1.59

1.6

3.15

0.3125

0.75

6.58

1.92

1.6

1.57

2.69

0.25

0.6875

5.36

1.55

1.61

1.55

2.2

0.625

11.4

3.55

1.57

1.8

3.06

0.5

0.9375

9.43

2.89

1.58

1.74

2.55

0.4375

0.875

8.41

2.56

1.59

1.72

2.29

0.375

0.8125

7.35

2.22

1.6

1.69

2.01

0.3125

0.75

6.24

1.87

1.61

1.67

1.72

0.25

0.6875

5.09

1.51

1.62

1.64

1.41

0.75

1.125

7.62

2.79

1.18

1.27

7.62

0.625

6.62

2.38

1.2

1.22

6.62

0.5

0.875

5.52

1.96

1.21

1.18

5.52

0.4375

0.8125

4.93

1.73

1.22

1.15

4.93

0.375

0.75

4.32

1.5

1.23

1.13

4.32

0.3125

0.6875

3.67

1.27

1.24

1.11

3.67

0.25

0.625

1.03

1.25

1.08

0.5

0.875

5.3

1.92

1.23

1.24

3.76

0.4375

0.875

4.76

1.72

1.24

1.23

3.4

0.375

0.75

4.15

1.48

1.25

1.2

2.96

0.3125

0.6875

3.53

1.25

1.25

1.17

2.52

0.25

0.625

2.89

1.01

1.26

1.14

2.07

0.625

6.01

2.28

1.23

1.37

2.85

0.5

0.875

5.02

1.87

1.24

1.32

2.4

0.4375

0.875

4.52

1.68

1.25

1.3

2.18

0.375

0.75

3.94

1.44

1.26

1.27

1.89

0.3125

0.6875

3.36

1.22

1.27

1.25

1.62

0.25

0.625

2.75

0.988

1.27

1.22

1.33

0.5

0.875

3.63

1.48

1.05

1.05

3.63

0.4375

0.8125

3.25

1.32

1.06

1.03

3.25

0.375

0.75

2.86

1.15

1.07

2.86

0.3125

0.6875

2.44

0.969

1.08

0.979

2.44

0.25

0.625

0.787

1.09

0.954

0.5

0.875

3.45

1.45

1.07

1.12

2.32

0.4375

0.8125

3.1

1.29

1.08

1.09

2.09

0.375

0.75

2.73

1.12

1.09

1.07

1.84

0.3125

0.6875

2.33

0.951

1.09

1.05

1.58

0.25

0.625

1.92

0.773

1.1

1.02

1.3

0.5

0.875

3.24

1.41

1.08

1.2

1.36

0.4375

0.875

2.91

1.26

1.09

1.18

1.23

0.375

0.75

2.56

1.09

1.1

1.15

1.09

0.3125

0.6875

2.2

0.925

1.11

1.13

0.937

0.25

0.625

1.81

0.753

1.12

1.1

0.775

0.5

0.875

2.2

1.06

0.895

0.929

2.2

0.4375

0.8125

1.98

0.946

0.903

0.907

1.98

0.375

0.75

1.75

0.825

0.91

0.884

1.75

0.3125

0.6875

1.5

0.699

0.918

0.86

1.5

0.25

0.625

1.23

0.569

0.926

0.836

1.23

0.1875

0.5625

0.948

0.433

0.933

0.812

0.948

0.5

0.875

2.07

1.03

0.91

0.995

1.29

0.4375

0.8125

1.87

0.921

0.917

0.972

1.17

0.375

0.75

1.65

0.803

0.924

0.949

1.03

0.3125

0.6875

1.41

0.681

0.932

0.925

0.888

0.25

0.625

1.16

0.555

0.94

0.9

0.734

0.1875

0.5625

0.899

0.423

0.947

0.874

0.568

0.5

0.8125

1.92

0.922

1.08

0.667

0.4375

0.75

1.73

0.894

0.932

1.06

0.609

0.375

0.6875

1.54

0.779

0.937

1.03

0.539

0.3125

0.625

1.32

0.662

0.945

1.01

0.467

0.25

0.5625

1.09

0.541

0.953

0.98

0.39

0.1875

0.5

0.847

0.414

0.961

0.952

0.305

0.5

0.75

1.22

0.716

0.735

0.803

1.22

0.375

0.625

0.972

0.558

0.749

0.758

0.972

0.3125

0.5625

0.837

0.474

0.756

0.735

0.837

0.25

0.5

0.692

0.387

0.764

0.711

0.692

0.1875

0.4375

0.535

0.295

0.771

0.687

0.535

0.375

0.625

0.914

0.546

0.766

0.826

0.513

0.3125

0.5625

0.79

0.465

0.774

0.803

0.446

0.25

0.5

0.656

0.381

0.782

0.779

0.372

0.1875

0.4375

0.511

0.293

0.79

0.754

0.292

0.375

0.625

0.476

0.348

0.591

0.632

0.476

0.3125

0.5625

0.414

0.298

0.598

0.609

0.414

0.25

0.5

0.346

0.244

0.605

0.586

0.346

0.1875

0.4375

0.271

0.188

0.612

0.561

0.271

0.125

0.375

0.189

0.129

0.62

0.534

0.189

0.25

0.5

0.227

0.186

0.529

0.529

0.227

0.1875

0.4375

0.179

0.144

0.537

0.506

0.179

0.25

0.4375

0.139

0.134

0.449

0.466

0.139

0.1875

0.375

0.11

0.104

0.457

0.444

0.11

0.25

0.4375

0.077

0.091

0.369

0.403

0.077

0.1875

0.375

0.061

0.071

0.377

0.381

0.061

0.125

0.21875

0.032

0.04

0.345

0.327

0.032

0.125

0.25

0.022

0.031

0.304

0.296

0.022

2.65

1.04

0.858

2.41

1.04

0.834

2.17

1.05

0.81

17.5

2.41

2.4

15.8

2.43

2.36

14

2.45

2.31

12.2

2.46

2.26

10.3

2.48

2.21

9.33

2.49

2.19

8.36

2.49

2.17

8.92

1.72

1.65

7.94

1.74

1.6

6.92

1.75

1.56

5.88

1.77

1.51

5.34

1.78

1.49

4.79

1.79

1.46

4.23

1.8

1.44

3.94

1.03

1.04

3.51

1.04

0.997

3.07

1.05

0.949

2.62

1.06

0.902

2.38

1.07

0.878

2.15

1.08

0.854

1.9

1.09

0.829

3.01

1.08

2.56

1.1

0.958

2.1

1.11

0.91

1.86

1.12

0.886

1.61

1.12

0.861

8.55

1.79

1.86

7.61

1.81

1.81

6.64

1.82

1.77

5.64

1.84

1.72

5.12

1.85

1.7

4.59

1.86

1.67

4.06

1.86

1.65

3.51

1.87

1.62

2.95

1.88

1.6

3.37

1.1

1.12

2.95

1.12

1.07

416231.43 16387.064

645.16

25.4

2.52

1.13

1.03

2.29

1.14

2.06

1.14

0.981

1.83

1.15

0.957

1.58

1.16

0.933

1.34

1.17

0.908

1.59

0.968

0.829

1.22

0.984

0.781

1.03

0.991

0.756

5.16

1.49

1.56

4.52

1.5

1.52

3.85

1.52

1.47

3.15

1.53

1.42

2.78

1.54

1.4

2.41

1.55

1.37

2.04

1.56

1.35

2.2

0.974

0.993

1.88

0.987

0.947

1.55

0.901

1.39

1.01

0.883

1.19

1.02

0.854

1.01

1.02

0.829

0.816

1.03

0.804

1.39

0.815

0.796

1.13

0.824

0.746

0.831

0.722

0.874

0.838

0.698

0.739

0.846

0.673

0.6

0.853

0.648

2.79

1.18

1.27

2.38

1.2

1.22

1.96

1.21

1.18

1.73

1.22

1.15

1.5

1.23

1.13

1.27

1.24

1.11

1.03

1.25

1.08

1.5

1.04

0.994

1.35

1.05

0.978

1.16

1.05

0.947

0.98

1.06

0.923

0.794

1.07

0.897

1.34

0.845

0.867

1.1

0.858

0.822

0.992

0.871

0.804

0.851

0.873

0.775

0.721

0.88

0.75

0.585

0.887

0.725

1.48

1.05

1.05

1.32

1.06

1.03

1.15

1.07

0.969

1.08

0.979

0.787

1.09

0.954

1.09

0.877

0.869

0.971

0.885

0.846

0.847

0.892

0.823

0.718

0.9

0.798

0.585

0.908

0.773

0.756

0.701

0.701

0.677

0.711

0.682

0.589

0.716

0.655

0.501

0.723

0.632

0.41

0.731

0.607

1.06

0.895

0.929

0.946

0.903

0.907

0.825

0.91

0.884

0.699

0.918

0.86

0.569

0.926

0.836

0.433

0.933

0.812

0.736

0.718

0.746

0.656

0.724

0.724

0.573

0.731

0.701

0.487

0.739

0.677

0.397

0.746

0.653

0.303

0.753

0.627

0.47

0.543

0.58

0.424

0.553

0.561

0.368

0.555

0.535

0.314

0.562

0.511

0.258

0.569

0.487

0.198

0.577

0.462

0.716

0.735

0.803

0.558

0.749

0.758

0.474

0.756

0.735

0.387

0.764

0.711

0.295

0.771

0.687

0.361

0.574

0.578

0.309

0.581

0.555

0.253

0.589

0.532

0.195

0.597

0.508

0.348

0.591

0.632

0.298

0.598

0.609

0.244

0.605

0.586

0.188

0.612

0.561

0.129

0.62

0.534

0.186

0.529

0.529

0.144

0.537

0.506

0.134

0.449

0.466

0.104

0.457

0.444

0.091

0.369

0.403

0.071

0.377

0.381

0.04

0.345

0.327

0.031

0.304

0.296

C and MC Section P
Shape

kg/m

mm

tw

bf

tf

mm

mm

mm

mm

C15x50
C15x40
C15x33.9
C12x30
C12x25
C12x20.7
C10x30
C10x25
C10x20
C10x15.3
C9x20
C9x15
C9x13.4
C8x18.75
C8x13.75
C8x11.5
C7x14.75
C7x12.25
C7x9.8
C6x13
C6x10.5
C6x8.2
C5x9
C5x6.7
C4x7.25
C4x5.4
C4x4.5
C3x6
C3x5
C3x4.1

14.7
11.8
9.95
8.81
7.34
6.08
8.81
7.34
5.87
4.48
5.87
4.41
3.94
5.51
4.04
3.37
4.33
3.6
2.87
3.81
3.08
2.39
2.64
1.97
2.13
1.58
1.38
1.76
1.47
1.2

15
15
15
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
9
9
9
8
8
8
7
7
7
6
6
6
5
5
4
4
4
3
3
3

0.716
0.52
0.4
0.51
0.387
0.282
0.673
0.526
0.379
0.24
0.448
0.285
0.233
0.487
0.303
0.22
0.419
0.314
0.21
0.437
0.314
0.2
0.325
0.19
0.321
0.184
0.125
0.356
0.258
0.17

3.72
3.52
3.4
3.17
3.05
2.94
3.03
2.89
2.74
2.6
2.65
2.49
2.43
2.53
2.34
2.26
2.3
2.19
2.09
2.16
2.03
1.92
1.89
1.75
1.72
1.58
1.58
1.6
1.5
1.41

0.65
0.65
0.65
0.501
0.501
0.501
0.436
0.436
0.436
0.436
0.413
0.413
0.413
0.39
0.39
0.39
0.366
0.366
0.366
0.343
0.343
0.343
0.32
0.32
0.296
0.296
0.296
0.273
0.273
0.273

C3x3.5

1.09

0.132

1.37

0.273

MC18x58
MC18x51.9
MC18x45.8
MC18x42.7
MC13x50
MC13x40
MC13x35
MC13x31.8
MC12x50
MC12x45

17.1
15.3
13.5
12.6
14.7
11.8
10.3
9.35
14.7
13.2

18
18
18
18
13
13
13
13
12
12

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.45
0.787
0.56
0.447
0.375
0.835
0.712

4.2
4.1
4
3.95
4.41
4.18
4.07
4
4.14
4.01

0.625
0.625
0.625
0.625
0.61
0.61
0.61
0.61
0.7
0.7

MC12x40
MC12x35
MC12x31
MC12x10.6
MC10x41.1
MC10x33.6
MC10x28.5
MC10x25
MC10x22
MC10x8.4
MC10x6.5
MC9x25.4
MC9x23.9
MC8x22.8
MC8x21.4
MC8x20
MC8x18.7
MC8x8.5
MC7x22.7
MC7x19.1
MC6x18
MC6x16.3
MC6x15.3
MC6x15.1

11.8
10.3
9.12
3.1
12.1
9.87
8.37
7.35
6.45
2.46
1.91
7.47
7.02
6.7
6.28
5.88
5.5
2.5
6.67
5.61
5.29
4.79
4.49
4.44

12
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
9
9
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
6
6
6
6

0.59
0.467
0.37
0.19
0.796
0.575
0.425
0.38
0.29
0.17
0.152
0.45
0.4
0.427
0.375
0.4
0.353
0.179
0.503
0.352
0.379
0.375
0.34
0.316

3.89
3.77
3.67
1.5
4.32
4.1
3.95
3.41
3.32
1.5
1.127
3.5
3.45
3.5
3.45
3.03
2.98
1.87
3.6
3.45
3.5
3
3.5
2.94

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.309
0.575
0.575
0.575
0.575
0.575
0.28
0.202
0.55
0.55
0.525
0.525
0.5
0.5
0.311
0.5
0.5
0.475
0.475
0.385
0.475

MC6x12

3.53

0.31

2.5

0.375

C and MC Section Properties


h

x(bar)

Ix

mm

mm

mm

mm

12.125
12.125
12.125
9.750
9.750
9.750
8.000
8.000
8.000
8.000
7.000
7.000
7.000
6.125
6.125
6.125
5.250
5.250
5.250
4.375
4.375
4.375
3.500
3.500
2.500
2.500
2.500
1.625
1.625
1.625

1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.125
1.125
1.125
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9375
0.9375
0.9375
0.875
0.875
0.875
0.8125
0.8125
0.8125
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.6875
0.6875
0.6875

0.799
0.778
0.788
0.674
0.674
0.698
0.649
0.617
0.606
0.634
0.583
0.586
0.601
0.565
0.554
0.572
0.532
0.525
0.541
0.514
0.5
0.512
0.478
0.484
0.459
0.457
0.493
0.455
0.439
0.437

1.625

0.6875

15.125
15.125
15.125
15.125
10.125
10.125
10.125
10.125
9.375
9.375

1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.4375
1.3125
1.3125

Sx

rx

Iy

mm

mm4

404
348
315
162
144
129
103
91.1
78.9
67.3
60.9
51
47.8
43.9
36.1
32.5
27.2
24.2
21.2
17.3
15.1
13.1
8.89
7.48
4.58
3.85
3.65
2.07
1.85
1.65

53.8
46.5
42
27
24
21.5
20.7
18.2
15.8
13.5
13.5
11.3
10.6
11
9.02
8.14
7.78
6.92
6.07
5.78
5.04
4.35
3.56
2.99
2.29
1.92
1.83
1.38
1.23
1.1

5.24
5.45
5.62
4.29
4.43
4.61
3.42
3.52
3.66
3.87
3.22
3.4
3.49
2.82
2.99
3.11
2.51
2.6
2.72
2.13
2.22
2.34
1.83
1.95
1.47
1.56
1.63
1.08
1.12
1.17

11
9.17
8.07
5.12
4.45
3.86
3.93
3.34
2.8
2.27
2.41
1.91
1.75
1.97
1.52
1.31
1.37
1.16
0.957
1.05
0.86
0.687
0.624
0.47
0.425
0.312
0.289
0.3
0.241
0.191

0.443

1.57

1.04

1.2

0.169

0.862
0.858
0.866
0.877
0.974
0.963
0.98
1
1.05
1.04

675
627
578
554
314
273
252
239
269
252

75
69.6
64.2
61.5
48.3
41.9
38.8
36.7
44.9
41.9

6.29
6.41
6.55
6.64
4.62
4.82
4.95
5.05
4.28
4.36

17.6
16.3
14.9
14.3
16.4
13.7
12.3
11.4
17.4
15.8

mm

9.375
9.375
9.375
10.500
7.375
7.375
7.375
7.375
7.375
8.500
9.125
6.500
6.500
5.625
5.625
5.750
5.750
6.375
4.750
4.750
3.875
3.875
4.250
3.875

1.3125
1.3125
1.3125
0.75
1.3125
1.3125
1.3125
1.3125
1.3125
0.75
0.4375
1.25
1.25
1.1875
1.1875
1.125
1.125
0.8125
1.125
1.125
1.0625
1.0625
0.875
1.0625

1.04
1.05
1.08
0.269
1.09
1.09
1.12
0.953
0.99
0.284
0.18
0.97
0.981
1.01
1.02
0.84
0.849
0.428
1.04
1.08
1.12
0.927
1.05
0.94

234
216
202
55.3
157
139
126
110
102
31.9
22.1
87.9
84.9
63.8
61.5
54.4
52.4
23.3
47.4
43.1
29.7
26
25.3
24.9

39
36.1
33.7
9.22
31.5
27.8
25.3
22
20.5
6.39
4.42
19.5
18.9
15.9
15.4
13.6
13.1
5.82
13.5
12.3
9.89
8.66
8.44
8.3

4.46
4.59
4.71
4.22
3.61
3.75
3.89
3.87
3.99
3.61
3.4
3.43
3.48
3.09
3.13
3.04
3.09
3.05
2.67
2.77
2.37
2.33
2.38
2.37

14.2
12.6
11.3
0.378
15.7
13.1
11.3
7.25
6.4
0.326
0.112
7.57
7.14
7.01
6.58
4.42
4.15
0.624
7.24
6.06
5.88
3.77
4.91
3.46

4.250

0.875

0.704

18.7

6.24

2.3

1.85

Sy
mm

ry
3

mm

3.77
3.34
3.09
2.05
1.87
1.72
1.65
1.47
1.31
1.15
1.17
1.01
0.954
1.01
0.848
0.775
0.772
0.696
0.617
0.638
0.561
0.488
0.444
0.372
0.337
0.277
0.265
0.263
0.228
0.196

0.865
0.883
0.901
0.762
0.779
0.797
0.668
0.675
0.69
0.711
0.64
0.659
0.666
0.598
0.613
0.623
0.561
0.568
0.578
0.524
0.529
0.536
0.486
0.489
0.447
0.444
0.457
0.413
0.405
0.398

0.182

0.394

5.28
5.02
4.77
4.64
4.77
4.24
3.97
3.79
5.64
5.31

1.02
1.03
1.05
1.07
1.06
1.08
1.09
1.1
1.09
1.09

4.98
4.65
4.37
0.307
4.85
4.35
3.99
2.96
2.75
0.268
0.118
2.99
2.89
2.81
2.71
2.02
1.95
0.431
2.83
2.55
2.47
1.82
2.01
1.73

1.1
1.11
1.11
0.349
1.14
1.15
1.16
0.993
0.997
0.364
0.242
1.01
1.01
1.02
1.02
0.867
0.868
0.5
1.04
1.04
1.05
0.887
1.05
0.883

1.03

0.724

WT, ST, and MT Section P


Shape
WT22x167.5
WT22x145
WT22x131
WT22x115
WT20x296.5
WT20x251.5
WT20x233
WT20x215.5
WT20x198.5
WT20x196
WT20x186
WT20x181
WT20x165.5
WT20x163.5
WT20x162
WT20x160.5
WT20x148.5
WT20x139
WT20x138.5
WT20x132
WT20x124.5
WT20x117.5
WT20x107.5
WT20x105.5
WT20x99.5
WT20x91.5
WT20x87
WT20x83.5
WT20x74.5
WT18x424
WT18x399
WT18x325
WT18x263.5
WT18x219.5
WT18x196.5
WT18x179.5
WT18x164
WT18x150
WT18x140
WT18x130
WT18x128
WT18x122.5

kg/m

mm

49.1
42.9
38.6
33.8
87.2
74
68.4
63.4
58.4
57.7
54.7
53.3
48.7
48
47.7
47
43.7
40.9
40.7
38.8
36.7
34.5
31.7
31
29.2
26.9
25.5
24.6
21.9
125
117
95.5
77.4
64.5
57.8
52.7
48.2
44.1
41.2
38.2
37.7
36

tw

bf

mm

mm

mm

22
21.8
21.7
21.5
21.5
21
21.22
20.6
20.5
20.8
20.3
20.3
20.4
20.4
20.1
20.04
19.9
20.1
19.8
20
19.7
19.8
19.5
19.7
19.3
19.5
19.1
19.3
19.1
21.225
21
20.2
19.6
19.1
18.9
18.7
18.5
18.4
18.3
18.1
18.7
18

1.02
0.87
0.79
0.71
1.79
1.54
1.67
1.34
1.22
1.42
1.16
1.12
1.22
1.18
1
1
0.93
1.02
0.83
0.96
0.75
0.83
0.65
0.75
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.63
2.52
2.38
1.97
1.61
1.36
1.22
1.12
1.02
0.945
0.885
0.84
0.96
0.8

16
15.8
15.8
15.8
16.7
16.4
12.64
16.2
16.1
12.4
16.1
16
12.2
12.1
15.9
15.91
15.8
12
15.8
11.9
15.8
11.9
15.8
11.8
15.8
11.8
15.75
11.8
11.8
18.13
18
17.6
17.2
17
16.8
16.7
16.6
16.7
16.6
16.6
12.2
16.5

WT18x116
WT18x115
WT18x105
WT18x97
WT18x91
WT18x85
WT18x80
WT18x75
WT18x67.5
WT16.5x193.5
WT16.5x177
WT16.5x159
WT16.5x145.5
WT16.5x131.5
WT16.5x120.5
WT16.5x110.5
WT16.5x100.5
WT16.5x84.5
WT16.5x76
WT16.5x70.5
WT16.5x65
WT16.5x59
WT15x238.5
WT15x195.5
WT15x178.5
WT15x163
WT15x146
WT15x130.5
WT15x117.5
WT15x105.5
WT15x95.5
WT15x86.5
WT15x74
WT15x66
WT15x62
WT15x58
WT15x54
WT15x49.5
WT15x45
WT13.5x269.5
WT13.5x224
WT13.5x184
WT13.5x168
WT13.5x153.5
WT13.5x140.5

34.1
33.8
30.9
28.5
26.8
25
23.5
22.1
19.9
57
52.1
46.8
42.8
38.7
35.5
32.6
29.6
24.8
22.4
20.8
19.2
17.3
70
57.6
52.5
47.9
42.9
38.4
34.6
31.1
28.1
25.5
21.7
19.4
18.2
17.1
15.9
14.5
13.2
79.3
65.5
54.2
49.5
45.2
41.4

18.6
18
18.3
18.2
18.2
18.1
18
17.9
17.8
18
17.8
17.6
17.4
17.3
17.1
17
16.8
16.9
16.7
16.7
16.5
16.4
17.105
16.6
16.4
16.2
16
15.8
15.7
15.5
15.3
15.2
15.3
15.2
15.1
15
14.9
14.8
14.8
16.3
15.71
15.2
15
14.8
14.6

0.87
0.76
0.83
0.765
0.725
0.68
0.65
0.625
0.6
1.26
1.16
1.04
0.96
0.87
0.83
0.775
0.715
0.67
0.635
0.605
0.58
0.55
1.63
1.36
1.24
1.14
1.02
0.93
0.83
0.775
0.71
0.655
0.65
0.615
0.585
0.565
0.545
0.52
0.47
1.97
1.65
1.38
1.26
1.16
1.06

12.1
16.5
12.2
12.1
12.1
12
12
12
12
16.2
16.1
16
15.9
15.8
15.9
15.8
15.7
11.5
11.6
11.5
11.5
11.5
15.865
15.6
15.5
15.4
15.3
15.2
15.1
15.1
15
15
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
10.4
15.3
14.94
14.7
14.6
14.4
14.4

WT13.5x129
WT13.5x117.5
WT13.5x108.5
WT13.5x97
WT13.5x89
WT13.5x80.5
WT13.5x73
WT13.5x64.5
WT13.5x57
WT13.5x51
WT13.5x47
WT13.5x42
WT12X185
WT12x246
WT12x204
WT12x167.5
WT12X153
WT12x139.5
WT12x125
WT12x114.5
WT12x103.5
WT12x96
WT12x88
WT12x81
WT12x73
WT12x65.5
WT12x58.5
WT12x52
WT12x51.5
WT12x47
WT12x42
WT12x38
WT12x34
WT12x31
WT12x27.5
WT10.5x100.5
WT10.5x91
WT10.5x83
WT10.5x73.5
WT10.5x66
WT10.5x61
WT10.5x55.5
WT10.5x50.5
WT10.5x46.5
WT10.5x41.5

38
34.7
32
28.6
26.2
23.8
21.6
18.9
16.8
15
13.8
12.4
54.4
72
59.5
49.2
44.9
41
36.8
33.6
30.4
28.1
25.8
23.9
21.5
19.3
17.2
15.3
15.1
13.8
12.4
11.2
10
9.16
8.15
29.6
26.8
24.4
21.6
19.4
17.9
16.3
14.9
13.7
12.2

14.5
14.3
14.2
14.1
13.9
13.8
13.7
13.8
13.6
13.5
13.5
13.4
14
14.825
14.27
13.8
13.6
13.4
13.2
13
12.9
12.7
12.6
12.5
12.4
12.2
12.1
12
12.3
12.2
12.1
12
11.9
11.9
11.8
11.5
11.4
11.2
11
10.9
10.8
10.8
10.7
10.8
10.7

0.98
0.91
0.83
0.75
0.725
0.66
0.605
0.61
0.57
0.515
0.49
0.46
1.52
1.97
1.65
1.38
1.26
1.16
1.04
0.96
0.87
0.81
0.75
0.705
0.65
0.605
0.55
0.5
0.55
0.515
0.47
0.44
0.415
0.43
0.395
0.91
0.83
0.75
0.72
0.65
0.6
0.55
0.5
0.58
0.515

14.3
14.2
14.1
14
14.1
14
14
10
10.1
10
9.99
9.96
13.7
14.115
13.8
13.5
13.4
13.3
13.2
13.1
13
13
12.9
13
12.9
12.9
12.8
12.8
9
9.07
9.02
8.99
8.97
7.04
7.01
12.6
12.5
12.4
12.5
12.4
12.4
12.3
12.3
8.42
8.36

WT10.5x36.5
WT10.5x34
WT10.5x31
WT10.5x28.5
WT10.5x27.5
WT10.5x25
WT10.5x24
WT10.5x22
WT9x155.5
WT9x141.5
WT9x129
WT9x117
WT9x105.5
WT9x96
WT9x87.5
WT9x79
WT9x71.5
WT9x65
WT9x59.5
WT9x53
WT9x48.5
WT9x43
WT9x38
WT9x35.5
WT9x32.5
WT9x30
WT9x27.5
WT9x25
WT9x23
WT9x20
WT9x17.5
WT8x50
WT8x44.5
WT8x38.5
WT8x33.5
WT8x28.5
WT8x25
WT8x22.5
WT8x20
WT8x18
WT8x15.5
WT8x13
WT7x404
WT7x365
WT7x332.5

10.7
10
9.13
8.37
8.1
7.36
7.07
6.49
45.8
41.6
38
34.4
31.1
28.2
25.7
23.2
21
19.1
17.5
15.6
14.3
12.7
11.2
10.4
9.55
8.82
8.1
7.33
6.77
5.88
5.15
14.9
13.2
11.5
9.98
8.39
7.37
6.63
5.89
5.29
4.56
3.84
119
107
97.8

10.6
10.6
10.5
10.5
10.4
10.4
10.3
10.3
11.16
10.925
10.73
10.53
10.335
10.175
10
9.86
9.74
9.63
9.48
9.37
9.3
9.2
9.11
9.23
9.18
9.12
9.06
8.99
9.03
8.95
8.85
8.48
8.38
8.26
8.16
8.22
8.13
8.07
8.01
7.93
7.94
7.85
11.4
11.2
10.8

0.455
0.43
0.4
0.405
0.375
0.38
0.35
0.35
1.52
1.4
1.28
1.16
1.06
0.96
0.89
0.81
0.73
0.67
0.655
0.59
0.535
0.48
0.425
0.495
0.45
0.415
0.39
0.355
0.36
0.315
0.3
0.585
0.525
0.455
0.395
0.43
0.38
0.345
0.305
0.295
0.275
0.25
3.74
3.07
2.83

8.3
8.27
8.24
6.56
8.22
6.53
8.14
6.5
12.005
11.89
11.77
11.65
11.555
11.455
11.4
11.3
11.2
11.2
11.3
11.2
11.1
11.1
11
7.64
7.59
7.56
7.53
7.5
6.06
6.02
6
10.4
10.4
10.3
10.2
7.12
7.07
7.04
7
6.99
5.53
5.5
18.6
17.9
17.7

WT7x302.5
WT7x275
WT7x250
WT7x227.5
WT7x213
WT7x199
WT7x185
WT7x171
WT7x155.5
WT7x141.5
WT7x128.5
WT7x116.5
WT7x105.5
WT7x96.5
WT7x88
WT7x79.5
WT7x72.5
WT7x66
WT7x60
WT7x54.5
WT7x49.5
WT7x45
WT7x41
WT7x37
WT7x34
WT7x30.5
WT7x26.5
WT7x24
WT7x21.5
WT7x19
WT7x17
WT7x15
WT7x13
WT7x11
WT6x168
WT6x152.5
WT6x139.5
WT6x126
WT6x115
WT6x105
WT6x95
WT6x85
WT6x76
WT6x68
WT6x60

88.9
80.9
73.5
66.9
62.6
58.5
54.4
50.3
45.7
41.6
37.8
34.2
31
28.4
25.9
23.4
21.3
19.4
17.7
16
14.6
13.2
12
10.9
9.99
8.96
7.8
7.07
6.31
5.58
5
4.42
3.85
3.25
49.4
44.8
41
37
33.9
30.9
27.9
25
22.4
20
17.6

10.5
10.1
9.8
9.51
9.34
9.15
8.96
8.77
8.56
8.37
8.19
8.02
7.86
7.74
7.61
7.49
7.39
7.33
7.24
7.16
7.08
7.01
7.16
7.09
7.02
6.95
6.96
6.9
6.83
7.05
6.99
6.92
6.96
6.87
8.41
8.16
7.93
7.71
7.53
7.36
7.19
7.02
6.86
6.71
6.56

2.6
2.38
2.19
2.02
1.88
1.77
1.66
1.54
1.41
1.29
1.18
1.07
0.98
0.89
0.83
0.745
0.68
0.645
0.59
0.525
0.485
0.44
0.51
0.45
0.415
0.375
0.37
0.34
0.305
0.31
0.285
0.27
0.255
0.23
1.78
1.63
1.53
1.4
1.29
1.18
1.06
0.96
0.87
0.79
0.71

17.4
17.2
17
16.8
16.7
16.6
16.5
16.4
16.2
16.1
16
15.9
15.8
15.7
15.7
15.6
15.5
14.7
14.7
14.6
14.6
14.5
10.1
10.1
10
9.99
8.06
8.03
8
6.77
6.75
6.73
5.03
5
13.4
13.2
13.1
13
12.9
12.8
12.7
12.6
12.5
12.4
12.3

WT6x53
WT6x48
WT6x43.5
WT6x39.5
WT6x36
WT6x32.5
WT6x29
WT6x26.5
WT6x25
WT6x22.5
WT6x20
WT6x17.5
WT6x15
WT6x13
WT6x11
WT6x9.5
WT6x8
WT6x7
WT5x56
WT5x50
WT5x44
WT5x38.5
WT5x34
WT5x30
WT5x27
WT5x24.5
WT5x22.5
WT5x19.5
WT5x16.5
WT5x15
WT5x13
WT5x11
WT5x9.5
WT5x8.5
WT5x7.5
WT5x6
WT4x33.5
WT4x29
WT4x24
WT4x20
WT4x17.5
WT4x15.5
WT4x14
WT4x12
WT4x10.5

15.6
14.1
12.8
11.6
10.6
9.54
8.52
7.78
7.3
6.56
5.84
5.17
4.4
3.82
3.24
2.79
2.36
2.08
16.5
14.7
12.9
11.3
9.99
8.82
7.91
7.21
6.63
5.73
4.85
4.42
3.81
3.24
2.81
2.5
2.21
1.77
9.84
8.54
7.05
5.87
5.14
4.56
4.12
3.54
3.08

6.45
6.36
6.27
6.19
6.13
6.06
6.1
6.03
6.1
6.03
5.97
6.25
6.17
6.11
6.16
6.08
6
5.96
5.68
5.55
5.42
5.3
5.2
5.11
5.05
4.99
5.05
4.96
4.87
5.24
5.17
5.09
5.12
5.05
5
4.93
4.5
4.38
4.25
4.13
4.06
4
4.03
3.97
4.14

0.61
0.55
0.515
0.47
0.43
0.39
0.36
0.345
0.37
0.335
0.295
0.3
0.26
0.23
0.26
0.235
0.22
0.2
0.755
0.68
0.605
0.53
0.47
0.42
0.37
0.34
0.35
0.315
0.29
0.3
0.26
0.24
0.25
0.24
0.23
0.19
0.57
0.51
0.4
0.36
0.31
0.285
0.285
0.245
0.25

12.2
12.2
12.1
12.1
12
12
10
9.99
8.08
8.05
8.01
6.56
6.52
6.49
4.03
4.01
3.99
3.97
10.4
10.3
10.3
10.2
10.1
10.1
10
10
8.02
7.99
7.96
5.81
5.77
5.75
4.02
4.01
4
3.96
8.28
8.22
8.11
8.07
8.02
8
6.54
6.5
5.27

WT4x9
WT4x7.5
WT4x6.5
WT4x5
WT3x12.5
WT3x10
WT3x8
WT3x7.5
WT3x6
WT3x4.5
WT3x4.25
WT2.5x9.5
WT2.5x8

2.63
2.22
1.92
1.48
3.68
2.95
2.37
2.22
1.78
1.34
1.25
2.78
2.35

4.07
4.05
4
3.95
3.19
3.1
3.14
3
3.02
2.95
2.92
2.58
2.51

0.23
0.245
0.23
0.17
0.32
0.26
0.26
0.23
0.23
0.17
0.17
0.27
0.24

5.25
4.01
4
3.94
6.08
6.02
4.03
5.99
4
3.94
3.94
5.03
5

WT2x6.5

1.91

2.08

0.28

4.06

ST12x60.5
ST12x53
ST12x50
ST12x45
ST12x40
ST10x48
ST10x43
ST10x37.5
ST10x33
ST9x35
ST9x27.35
ST7.5x25
ST7.5x21.45
ST6x25
ST6x20.4
ST6x17.5
ST6x15.9
ST5x17.5
ST5x12.7
ST4x11.5
ST4x9.2
ST3x8.63
ST3x6.25
ST3.5x10
ST3.5x7.65
ST2.5x7.375
ST2.5x5
ST2x4.75
ST2x3.85
ST1.5x3.75

17.8
15.6
14.7
13.2
11.7
14.1
12.7
11
9.69
10.3
8.02
7.34
6.3
7.32
5.96
5.12
4.65
5.14
3.73
3.38
2.7
2.53
1.83
2.94
2.25
2.17
1.47
1.39
1.13
1.1

12.3
12.3
12
12
12
10.2
10.2
10
10
9
9
7.5
7.5
6
6
6
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
3.5
3.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
1.5

0.8
0.62
0.745
0.625
0.5
0.8
0.66
0.635
0.505
0.711
0.461
0.55
0.411
0.687
0.462
0.428
0.35
0.594
0.311
0.441
0.271
0.465
0.232
0.45
0.252
0.494
0.214
0.326
0.193
0.349

8.05
7.87
7.25
7.13
7
7.2
7.06
6.39
6.26
6.25
6
5.64
5.5
5.48
5.25
5.08
5
4.94
4.66
4.17
4
3.57
3.33
3.86
3.662
3.284
3
2.8
2.66
2.51

ST1.5x2.85

0.83

1.5

0.17

2.33

MT7x9
MT6x5.9
MT6x5.4
MT6x5
MT5x4.5
MT5x4
MT5x3.75
MT4x3.25
MT4x3.1
MT3x10
MT3x2.2
MT3x1.85
MT2.5x9.45

2.55
1.72
1.58
1.46
1.32
1.17
1.1
0.953
0.904
2.94
0.643
0.54
2.78

7
6
5.99
5.99
5
4.97
5
4
4
3
3
2.96
2.5

0.215
0.177
0.16
0.149
0.157
0.141
0.13
0.135
0.129
0.25
0.114
0.098
0.316

4
3.07
3.07
3.25
2.69
2.69
2.69
2.28
2.28
5.938
1.84
2
5

MT2x6.5

1.9

0.254

3.94

MT2x3

0.855

1.9

0.13

3.8

WT, ST, and MT Section Properties


tf

Ix

Sx

mm

mm

mm

1.77
1.58
1.42
1.22
3.23
2.76
2.95
2.36
2.2
2.52
2.05
2.01
2.13
2.13
1.81
1.77
1.65
1.81
1.58
1.73
1.42
1.58
1.22
1.42
1.07
1.22
0.83
1.02
0.83
4.53
4.29
3.54
2.91
2.44
2.2
2.01
1.85
1.68
1.57
1.44
1.73
1.35

2.56
2.37
2.21
2.01
4.41
3.94
4.125
3.54
3.38
3.7
3.23
3.19
3.31
3.31
2.99
2.9375
2.83
2.99
2.76
2.91
2.6
2.76
2.4
2.6
2.25
2.4
2
2.21
2.01
5.6875
5.24
4.49
3.86
3.39
3.15
2.96
2.8
2.63
2.52
2.39
2.48
2.3

2160
1840
1650
1440
3310
2730
2770
2290
2070
2270
1930
1870
1880
1840
1650
1630
1500
1540
1360
1450
1210
1260
1030
1120
988
958
907
899
815
4250
3930
3030
2340
1890
1660
1500
1350
1230
1140
1060
1210
995

rx

Iy

mm

mm

mm4

131
111
100
88.6
209
175
185
148
134
153
126
122
128
125
108
107
98.9
106
88.6
99.2
79.4
85.7
68
76.7
66.5
65.8
63.8
63.7
59.7
277
257
203
159
130
115
104
94.1
86.1
80
75.1
87.4
71

6.63
6.55
6.53
6.53
6.16
6.07
6.36
6.01
5.96
6.28
5.95
5.92
6.21
6.19
5.88
5.89
5.87
6.14
5.78
6.11
5.75
6.04
5.71
6.01
5.81
5.97
5.96
6.05
6.1
5.84
5.79
5.64
5.5
5.41
5.37
5.33
5.29
5.27
5.25
5.26
5.66
5.26

5.51
5.27
5.2
5.17
5.66
5.39
6.22
5.18
5.03
5.95
4.97
4.91
5.74
5.66
4.77
4.79
4.71
5.5
4.5
5.41
4.41
5.17
4.28
5.08
4.47
4.93
4.87
5.19
5.45
5.86
5.71
5.26
4.87
4.6
4.44
4.33
4.21
4.13
4.07
4.05
4.92
4.03

600
523
463
398
1260
1020
504
843
771
401
710
691
322
320
609
596
546
260
522
246
463
222
398
195
347
168
271
141
114
2270
2100
1610
1240
996
877
786
711
648
599
545
264
507

mm

1.57
1.26
1.36
1.26
1.18
1.1
1.02
0.94
0.79
2.28
2.09
1.89
1.73
1.57
1.4
1.27
1.15
1.22
1.06
0.96
0.855
0.74
2.95
2.44
2.24
2.05
1.85
1.65
1.5
1.32
1.19
1.07
1.18
1
0.93
0.85
0.76
0.67
0.61
3.54
2.99
2.48
2.28
2.09
1.93

2.32
2.21
2.11
2.01
1.93
1.85
1.77
1.69
1.54
3.07
2.88
2.68
2.52
2.36
2.19
2.06
1.94
1.92
1.76
1.66
1.56
1.44
3.75
3.23
3.03
2.84
2.64
2.44
2.29
2.1
1.97
1.85
1.83
1.65
1.58
1.5
1.41
1.32
1.26
4.33
3.6875
3.27
3.07
2.88
2.72

1080
934
985
901
845
786
740
698
637
1460
1320
1160
1060
943
872
799
725
649
592
552
513
469
1550
1220
1090
981
861
765
674
610
549
497
466
421
396
373
349
322
290
1530
1190
939
839
753
677

78.5
67
73.1
67
63.1
58.9
55.8
53.1
49.7
107
96.8
85.8
78.3
70.2
65.8
60.8
55.5
51.1
47.4
44.7
42.1
39.2
121
96.9
87.2
78.8
69.6
62.4
55.1
50.5
45.7
41.7
40.6
37.4
35.3
33.7
32
30
27.1
128
102
81.7
73.4
66.4
59.9

5.63
5.25
5.65
5.62
5.62
5.61
5.61
5.62
5.66
5.07
5.03
4.99
4.96
4.93
4.96
4.95
4.95
5.12
5.14
5.15
5.18
5.2
4.7
4.61
4.56
4.52
4.48
4.46
4.41
4.43
4.42
4.42
4.63
4.66
4.66
4.67
4.69
4.71
4.69
4.39
4.27
4.16
4.12
4.08
4.04

4.82
4.01
4.87
4.8
4.77
4.73
4.74
4.78
4.96
4.27
4.15
4.02
3.93
3.83
3.84
3.81
3.77
4.21
4.26
4.29
4.36
4.47
4.3
4
3.87
3.76
3.62
3.54
3.41
3.39
3.34
3.31
3.84
3.9
3.9
3.94
4.01
4.09
4.04
4.34
4.02
3.71
3.58
3.47
3.35

234
470
206
187
174
160
147
135
113
810
729
645
581
517
466
420
375
155
136
123
109
93.5
987
774
693
622
549
480
427
378
336
299
114
98
90.4
82.1
73
63.9
57.3
1060
836
655
587
527
477

1.77
1.61
1.5
1.34
1.19
1.08
0.975
1.1
0.93
0.83
0.745
0.64
2.72
3.54
2.99
2.48
2.28
2.09
1.89
1.73
1.57
1.46
1.34
1.22
1.09
0.96
0.85
0.75
0.98
0.875
0.77
0.68
0.585
0.59
0.505
1.63
1.48
1.36
1.15
1.03
0.96
0.875
0.8
0.93
0.835

2.56
2.4
2.29
2.13
1.98
1.87
1.76
1.7
1.53
1.43
1.34
1.24
3.22
4.3125
3.75
2.98
2.78
2.59
2.39
2.23
2.07
1.96
1.84
1.72
1.59
1.46
1.35
1.25
1.48
1.38
1.27
1.18
1.09
1.19
1.11
2.13
1.98
1.86
1.65
1.54
1.46
1.38
1.3
1.43
1.34

613
556
502
444
414
372
336
323
289
258
239
216
779
1130
874
686
611
546
478
431
382
350
319
293
264
238
212
189
204
186
166
151
137
132
117
285
253
226
204
181
166
150
135
144
127

54.7
50
45.2
40.3
38.2
34.4
31.2
31
28.3
25.3
23.8
21.9
74.7
105
83.1
66.3
59.4
53.6
47.2
42.9
38.3
35.2
32.2
29.9
27.2
24.8
22.3
20
22
20.3
18.3
16.9
15.6
15.6
14.1
31.9
28.5
25.5
23.7
21.1
19.3
17.5
15.8
17.9
15.7

4.02
4
3.96
3.94
3.97
3.95
3.95
4.13
4.15
4.14
4.16
4.18
3.78
3.96
3.83
3.73
3.69
3.65
3.61
3.58
3.55
3.53
3.51
3.5
3.5
3.52
3.51
3.51
3.67
3.67
3.67
3.68
3.7
3.79
3.79
3.1
3.07
3.04
3.08
3.06
3.04
3.03
3.01
3.25
3.22

3.27
3.2
3.1
3.02
3.04
2.98
2.94
3.39
3.42
3.37
3.41
3.48
3.57
4.07
3.74
3.42
3.29
3.18
3.05
2.96
2.87
2.8
2.74
2.7
2.66
2.65
2.62
2.59
3.01
2.99
2.97
3
3.06
3.45
3.48
2.57
2.48
2.39
2.39
2.33
2.28
2.23
2.18
2.74
2.66

430
384
352
309
278
248
222
92.2
79.3
69.6
62
52.8
581
837
659
513
460
412
362
326
289
265
240
221
195
170
149
130
59.7
54.5
47.2
41.3
35.2
17.2
14.5
271
241
217
188
166
152
137
124
46.4
40.7

0.74
0.685
0.615
0.65
0.522
0.535
0.43
0.45
2.74
2.5
2.3
2.11
1.91
1.75
1.59
1.44
1.32
1.2
1.06
0.94
0.87
0.77
0.68
0.81
0.75
0.695
0.63
0.57
0.605
0.525
0.425
0.985
0.875
0.76
0.665
0.715
0.63
0.565
0.505
0.43
0.44
0.345
5.12
4.91
4.52

1.24
1.19
1.12
1.15
1.02
1.04
0.93
0.95
3.4375
3.1875
3
2.75
2.5625
2.4375
1.99
1.84
1.72
1.6
1.46
1.34
1.27
1.17
1.08
1.21
1.15
1.1
1.03
0.972
1.01
0.927
0.827
1.69
1.58
1.47
1.37
1.12
1.03
0.967
0.907
0.832
0.842
0.747
5.72
5.51
5.12

110
103
93.8
90.4
84.4
80.3
74.9
71.1
383
337
298
260
229
202
181
160
142
127
119
104
93.8
82.4
71.8
78.2
70.7
64.7
59.5
53.5
52.1
44.8
40.1
76.8
67.3
57
48.7
48.7
42.3
37.8
33.1
30.6
27.5
23.5
901
739
622

13.8
12.9
11.9
11.8
10.9
10.7
9.9
9.68
46.5
41.5
37
32.6
29
25.8
23.4
20.8
18.5
16.7
15.9
14.1
12.7
11.2
9.83
11.2
10.1
9.29
8.63
7.79
7.77
6.73
6.21
11.4
10.1
8.59
7.36
7.77
6.78
6.1
5.35
5.05
4.64
4.09
117
95.4
82.1

3.21
3.2
3.21
3.29
3.23
3.3
3.26
3.31
2.89
2.85
2.8
2.75
2.72
2.68
2.66
2.63
2.6
2.58
2.6
2.59
2.56
2.55
2.54
2.74
2.72
2.71
2.71
2.7
2.77
2.76
2.79
2.27
2.26
2.23
2.21
2.41
2.4
2.39
2.37
2.41
2.45
2.47
2.76
2.62
2.52

2.6
2.59
2.58
2.85
2.64
2.93
2.74
2.98
2.93
2.8
2.68
2.55
2.44
2.34
2.26
2.17
2.09
2.02
2.03
1.97
1.91
1.86
1.8
2.26
2.2
2.16
2.16
2.12
2.33
2.29
2.39
1.75
1.69
1.62
1.55
1.94
1.89
1.86
1.81
1.88
2.02
2.09
3.7
3.47
3.25

35.3
32.4
28.7
15.3
24.2
12.5
19.4
10.3
398
352
314
279
246
220
196
174
156
139
126
110
100
87.6
76.2
30.1
27.4
25
22.5
20
11.3
9.55
7.67
93.1
81.3
69.2
59.5
21.6
18.6
16.4
14.4
12.2
6.2
4.79
2760
2360
2080

4.16
3.82
3.5
3.21
3.04
2.85
2.66
2.47
2.26
2.07
1.89
1.72
1.56
1.44
1.31
1.19
1.09
1.03
0.94
0.86
0.78
0.71
0.855
0.785
0.72
0.645
0.66
0.595
0.53
0.515
0.455
0.385
0.42
0.335
2.96
2.71
2.47
2.25
2.07
1.9
1.74
1.56
1.4
1.25
1.11

4.76
4.42
4.1
3.81
3.63
3.44
3.26
3.07
2.86
2.67
2.49
2.32
2.16
2.04
1.91
1.79
1.69
1.63
1.54
1.46
1.38
1.31
1.45
1.38
1.31
1.24
1.25
1.19
1.12
0.915
0.855
0.785
0.82
0.735
3.55
3.3
3.07
2.85
2.67
2.5
2.33
2.16
2
1.85
1.7

524
442
375
321
287
257
229
203
176
153
133
116
102
89.8
80.5
70.2
62.5
57.8
51.7
45.3
40.9
36.5
41.2
36
32.6
28.9
27.6
24.9
21.9
23.3
20.9
19
17.3
14.8
190
162
141
121
106
92.1
79
67.8
58.5
50.6
43.4

70.6
60.9
52.7
45.9
41.4
37.6
33.9
30.4
26.7
23.5
20.7
18.2
16.2
14.4
13
11.4
10.2
9.57
8.61
7.56
6.88
6.16
7.14
6.25
5.69
5.07
4.94
4.49
3.98
4.22
3.83
3.55
3.31
2.91
31.2
27
24.1
20.9
18.5
16.4
14.2
12.3
10.8
9.46
8.22

2.43
2.34
2.26
2.19
2.14
2.1
2.05
2.01
1.96
1.92
1.88
1.84
1.81
1.78
1.76
1.73
1.71
1.73
1.71
1.68
1.67
1.66
1.85
1.82
1.81
1.8
1.88
1.88
1.86
2.04
2.04
2.07
2.12
2.14
1.96
1.9
1.86
1.81
1.77
1.73
1.68
1.65
1.62
1.59
1.57

3.05
2.85
2.67
2.51
2.4
2.3
2.19
2.09
1.97
1.86
1.75
1.65
1.57
1.49
1.43
1.35
1.29
1.29
1.24
1.17
1.14
1.09
1.39
1.32
1.29
1.25
1.38
1.35
1.31
1.54
1.53
1.58
1.72
1.76
2.31
2.16
2.05
1.92
1.82
1.72
1.62
1.52
1.43
1.35
1.28

1840
1630
1440
1280
1180
1090
994
903
807
722
645
576
513
466
419
374
338
274
247
223
201
181
74.1
66.9
60.7
53.7
28.8
25.7
22.6
13.3
11.6
9.79
4.45
3.5
593
525
469
414
371
332
295
259
227
199
172

0.99
0.9
0.81
0.735
0.67
0.605
0.64
0.575
0.64
0.575
0.515
0.52
0.44
0.38
0.425
0.35
0.265
0.225
1.25
1.12
0.99
0.87
0.77
0.68
0.615
0.56
0.62
0.53
0.435
0.51
0.44
0.36
0.395
0.33
0.27
0.21
0.935
0.81
0.685
0.56
0.495
0.435
0.465
0.4
0.4

1.59
1.5
1.41
1.33
1.27
1.2
1.24
1.17
1.14
1.08
1.02
0.82
0.74
0.68
0.725
0.65
0.565
0.525
1.75
1.62
1.49
1.37
1.27
1.18
1.12
1.06
1.12
1.03
0.935
0.81
0.74
0.66
0.695
0.63
0.57
0.51
1.33
1.2
1.08
0.954
0.889
0.829
0.859
0.794
0.7

36.3
32
28.9
25.8
23.2
20.6
19.1
17.7
18.7
16.6
14.4
16
13.5
11.7
11.7
10.1
8.7
7.67
28.6
24.5
20.8
17.4
14.9
12.9
11.1
10
10.2
8.84
7.71
9.28
7.86
6.88
6.68
6.06
5.45
4.35
10.9
9.12
6.85
5.73
4.82
4.28
4.23
3.53
3.9

6.92
6.12
5.6
5.03
4.54
4.06
3.76
3.54
3.79
3.39
2.95
3.23
2.75
2.4
2.59
2.28
2.04
1.83
6.4
5.56
4.77
4.05
3.49
3.04
2.64
2.39
2.47
2.16
1.93
2.24
1.91
1.72
1.74
1.62
1.5
1.22
3.05
2.61
1.97
1.69
1.43
1.28
1.28
1.08
1.18

1.53
1.51
1.5
1.49
1.48
1.47
1.5
1.51
1.6
1.59
1.57
1.76
1.75
1.75
1.9
1.9
1.92
1.92
1.32
1.29
1.27
1.24
1.22
1.21
1.19
1.18
1.24
1.24
1.26
1.45
1.44
1.46
1.54
1.56
1.57
1.57
1.05
1.03
0.986
0.988
0.968
0.969
1.01
0.999
1.12

1.19
1.13
1.1
1.06
1.02
0.985
1.03
1.02
1.17
1.13
1.09
1.3
1.27
1.25
1.63
1.65
1.74
1.76
1.21
1.13
1.06
0.99
0.932
0.884
0.836
0.807
0.907
0.876
0.869
1.1
1.06
1.07
1.28
1.32
1.37
1.36
0.936
0.874
0.777
0.735
0.688
0.668
0.734
0.695
0.831

151
135
120
108
97.5
87.2
53.5
47.9
28.2
25
22
12.2
10.2
8.66
2.33
1.88
1.41
1.18
118
103
89.3
76.8
66.7
58.1
51.7
46.7
26.7
22.5
18.3
8.35
7.05
5.71
2.15
1.78
1.45
1.09
44.3
37.5
30.5
24.5
21.3
18.5
10.8
9.14
4.88

0.33
0.315
0.255
0.205
0.455
0.365
0.405
0.26
0.28
0.215
0.194
0.43
0.36

0.63
0.615
0.555
0.505
0.754
0.664
0.655
0.559
0.53
0.465
0.444
0.73
0.66

3.41
3.28
2.89
2.15
2.29
1.76
1.69
1.41
1.32
0.95
0.904
1.01
0.845

1.05
1.07
0.974
0.717
0.886
0.693
0.685
0.577
0.564
0.408
0.397
0.485
0.413

1.14
1.22
1.23
1.2
0.788
0.773
0.844
0.795
0.862
0.842
0.849
0.604
0.599

0.834
0.998
1.03
0.953
0.61
0.56
0.676
0.557
0.677
0.623
0.638
0.487
0.458

3.98
1.7
1.36
1.05
8.53
6.64
2.21
4.66
1.5
1.1
0.99
4.56
3.75

0.345

0.595

0.526

0.321

0.524

0.44

1.93

1.09
1.09
0.87
0.87
0.87
0.92
0.92
0.795
0.795
0.691
0.691
0.622
0.622
0.659
0.659
0.544
0.544
0.491
0.491
0.425
0.425
0.359
0.359
0.392
0.392
0.326
0.326
0.293
0.293
0.26

2
2
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.75
1.625
1.625
1.5
1.5
1.375
1.375
1.4375
1.4375
1.1875
1.1875
1.125
1.125
1
1
0.8125
0.8125
0.9375
0.9375
0.8125
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.625

259
216
215
190
162
143
124
109
92.9
84.5
62.3
40.5
32.9
25.1
18.9
17.2
14.8
12.5
7.79
5
3.49
2.12
1.26
3.36
2.19
1.27
0.671
0.462
0.307
0.2

30.1
24.1
26.3
22.6
18.6
20.3
17.2
15.8
12.9
14
9.6
7.72
5.99
6.04
4.27
3.95
3.3
3.62
2.05
1.76
1.14
1.02
0.547
1.36
0.816
0.74
0.348
0.319
0.198
0.187

3.82
3.72
3.83
3.79
3.72
3.18
3.13
3.15
3.1
2.87
2.79
2.35
2.29
1.85
1.78
1.83
1.78
1.56
1.45
1.22
1.14
0.915
0.831
1.07
0.987
0.764
0.677
0.575
0.522
0.426

3.63
3.28
3.84
3.6
3.3
3.13
2.91
3.07
2.81
2.94
2.51
2.25
2.01
1.84
1.58
1.65
1.51
1.56
1.2
1.15
0.942
0.915
0.692
1.04
0.817
0.789
0.57
0.553
0.448
0.432

41.5
38.4
23.7
22.3
21
25
23.3
14.8
13.7
12
10.4
7.79
7.13
7.79
6.74
4.92
4.66
4.15
3.36
2.13
1.84
1.14
0.901
1.59
1.32
0.833
0.597
0.444
0.374
0.289

0.26

0.625

0.114

0.097

0.37

0.329

0.223

0.27
0.225
0.21
0.18
0.206
0.182
0.173
0.189
0.177
0.379
0.171
0.129
0.416

0.625
0.5625
0.5625
0.5
0.5625
0.5625
0.4375
0.5625
0.4375
0.875
0.375
0.3125
0.8125

13.1
6.61
6.03
5.62
3.47
3.08
2.91
1.57
1.5
1.54
0.579
0.483
1.05

2.69
1.61
1.46
1.36
1
0.894
0.836
0.558
0.533
0.624
0.268
0.226
0.527

2.27
1.96
1.95
1.96
1.62
1.62
1.63
1.29
1.29
0.724
0.949
0.946
0.615

2.12
1.89
1.86
1.86
1.54
1.52
1.51
1.18
1.18
0.531
0.841
0.827
0.511

1.32
0.543
0.506
0.517
0.336
0.296
0.281
0.188
0.176
5.8
0.0897
0.0863
3.93

0.371

0.8125

0.43

0.271

0.476

0.41

1.68

0.16

0.5

0.208

0.133

0.493

0.341

0.732

Sy
mm

ry
3

mm

75.3
66.1
58.8
50.5
151
125
79.8
104
95.7
64.9
88.4
86.3
52.9
52.7
76.6
74.9
69
43.5
65.9
41.3
58.8
37.3
50.5
33
44.1
28.5
34.4
23.9
19.4
251
234
183
145
117
104
94
85.5
77.8
72.2
65.8
43.2
61.4

3.5
3.49
3.46
3.43
3.8
3.72
2.72
3.65
3.63
2.64
3.6
3.6
2.57
2.58
3.57
3.56
3.54
2.52
3.58
2.52
3.55
2.54
3.54
2.51
3.45
2.5
3.26
2.4
2.29
4.27
4.23
4.11
4.01
3.93
3.89
3.86
3.84
3.83
3.81
3.77
2.65
3.75

38.6
57
33.8
30.9
28.8
26.6
24.6
22.5
18.9
100
90.6
80.7
73.1
65.5
58.8
53.2
47.6
27
23.6
21.3
18.9
16.3
124
99.2
89.6
81
71.9
63.3
56.8
50.1
44.7
39.9
21.7
18.6
17.2
15.6
13.9
12.2
11
138
112
89.3
80.8
72.9
66.4

2.62
3.73
2.58
2.56
2.55
2.53
2.5
2.47
2.38
3.77
3.74
3.71
3.68
3.65
3.62
3.59
3.56
2.5
2.47
2.43
2.38
2.32
3.75
3.67
3.64
3.6
3.58
3.53
3.51
3.49
3.46
3.42
2.28
2.25
2.23
2.19
2.15
2.1
2.09
3.65
3.57
3.48
3.45
3.41
3.39

60.2
54.2
49.9
44.1
39.4
35.4
31.7
18.4
15.8
13.9
12.4
10.6
85.1
119
95.5
75.9
68.6
61.9
54.9
49.7
44.4
40.9
37.2
34.2
30.3
26.5
23.2
20.3
13.3
12
10.5
9.18
7.85
4.9
4.15
43.1
38.6
35
30
26.7
24.6
22.2
20.2
11
9.74

3.36
3.33
3.32
3.29
3.25
3.23
3.2
2.21
2.18
2.15
2.12
2.07
3.27
3.41
3.33
3.23
3.2
3.17
3.14
3.11
3.08
3.07
3.04
3.05
3.01
2.97
2.94
2.91
1.99
1.98
1.95
1.92
1.87
1.37
1.34
3.02
3
2.99
2.95
2.93
2.91
2.9
2.89
1.84
1.83

8.51
7.83
6.97
4.67
5.89
3.82
4.76
3.18
66.2
59.2
53.4
47.9
42.7
38.4
34.4
30.7
27.7
24.9
22.5
19.7
18
15.8
13.8
7.89
7.22
6.63
5.97
5.35
3.71
3.17
2.56
17.9
15.7
13.4
11.6
6.06
5.26
4.67
4.12
3.5
2.24
1.74
297
264
236

1.81
1.8
1.77
1.35
1.73
1.3
1.66
1.26
2.95
2.91
2.88
2.85
2.82
2.79
2.76
2.74
2.72
2.7
2.69
2.66
2.65
2.63
2.61
1.7
1.69
1.68
1.67
1.65
1.29
1.27
1.22
2.5
2.48
2.46
2.44
1.6
1.59
1.57
1.56
1.52
1.17
1.12
4.82
4.69
4.62

211
189
169
152
141
131
121
110
99.4
89.7
80.7
72.5
65
59.3
53.5
48.1
43.7
37.2
33.7
30.6
27.6
25
14.6
13.3
12.1
10.7
7.15
6.4
5.65
3.94
3.45
2.91
1.77
1.4
88.6
79.3
71.3
63.6
57.5
51.9
46.5
41.2
36.4
32.1
28

4.55
4.49
4.43
4.38
4.34
4.31
4.27
4.24
4.2
4.17
4.13
4.1
4.07
4.05
4.02
4
3.98
3.76
3.74
3.73
3.71
3.7
2.48
2.48
2.46
2.45
1.92
1.91
1.89
1.55
1.53
1.49
1.08
1.04
3.47
3.42
3.38
3.34
3.31
3.28
3.25
3.22
3.19
3.16
3.13

24.7
22.2
19.9
17.9
16.2
14.5
10.7
9.58
6.97
6.21
5.5
3.73
3.12
2.67
1.15
0.939
0.706
0.593
22.6
20
17.4
15.1
13.2
11.5
10.3
9.34
6.65
5.64
4.6
2.87
2.44
1.99
1.07
0.887
0.723
0.551
10.7
9.13
7.51
6.08
5.31
4.64
3.31
2.81
1.85

3.11
3.09
3.07
3.05
3.04
3.02
2.51
2.48
1.96
1.95
1.94
1.54
1.52
1.51
0.847
0.821
0.773
0.753
2.67
2.65
2.63
2.6
2.58
2.57
2.56
2.54
2.01
1.98
1.94
1.37
1.36
1.33
0.874
0.844
0.81
0.785
2.12
2.1
2.08
2.04
2.03
2.02
1.62
1.61
1.26

1.52
0.849
0.682
0.531
2.81
2.21
1.1
1.56
0.748
0.557
0.503
1.81
1.5

1.23
0.876
0.843
0.84
1.52
1.5
0.966
1.45
0.918
0.905
0.889
1.28
1.26

0.95

10.3
9.76
6.55
6.27
6
6.93
6.59
4.62
4.39
3.84
3.45
2.76
2.59
2.84
2.57
1.94
1.87
1.68
1.44
1.02
0.922
0.642
0.541
0.821
0.72
0.507
0.398
0.317
0.281
0.23

1.53
1.57
1.27
1.3
1.34
1.33
1.36
1.16
1.19
1.08
1.14
1.03
1.06
1.03
1.06
0.98
1
0.899
0.95
0.795
0.827
0.673
0.702
0.734
0.766
0.62
0.638
0.564
0.576
0.513

0.192

0.518

0.66
0.354
0.33
0.318
0.25
0.22
0.209
0.165
0.154
1.95
0.0973
0.0863
1.57

0.719
0.561
0.566
0.594
0.505
0.502
0.505
0.444
0.441
1.4
0.374
0.4
1.19

0.853

0.939

0.385

0.926

Double Angle Section Properties


Shape
2L8x8x1-1/8
2L8x8x1
2L8x8x7/8
2L8x8x3/4
2L8x8x5/8
2L8x8x9/16
2L8x8x1/2
2L6x6x1
2L6x6x7/8
2L6x6x3/4
2L6x6x5/8
2L6x6x9/16
2L6x6x1/2
2L6x6x7/16
2L6x6x3/8
2L6x6x5/16
2L5x5x7/8
2L5x5x3/4
2L5x5x5/8
2L5x5x1/2
2L5x5x7/16
2L5x5x3/8
2L5x5x5/16
2L4x4x3/4
2L4x4x5/8
2L4x4x1/2
2L4x4x7/16
2L4x4x3/8
2L4x4x5/16
2L4x4x1/4
2L3-1/2x3-1/2x1/2
2L3-1/2x3-1/2x7/16
2L3-1/2x3-1/2x3/8
2L3-1/2x3-1/2x5/16
2L3-1/2x3-1/2x1/4
2L3x3x1/2
2L3x3x7/16
2L3x3x3/8
2L3x3x5/16
2L3x3x1/4
2L3x3x3/16
2L2-1/2x2-1/2x1/2

kg/m

mm

374.015748
337.9265092
297.2440945
257.2178478
216.5354331
195.8661417
174.8687664
246.0629921
217.847769
188.976378
159.1207349
144.0288714
128.9370079
113.5170604
97.76902887
82.02099738
179.1338583
155.839895
131.5616798
106.9553806
94.16010499
81.3648294
68.56955381
121.3910761
102.6902887
83.66141732
73.81889764
63.64829396
53.47769029
43.30708661
72.83464567
64.30446194
55.77427822
46.9160105
38.05774278
61.35170604
54.46194226
46.9160105
39.69816273
32.05380577
24.31102362
50.19685039

33.6
30.2
26.6
23
19.4
17.5
15.7
22
19.5
16.9
14.3
12.9
11.5
10.2
8.76
7.34
16
14
11.8
9.58
8.44
7.3
6.13
10.9
9.21
7.49
6.61
5.71
4.8
3.87
6.53
5.77
5
4.21
3.41
5.5
4.86
4.22
3.55
2.87
2.18
4.5

mm

mm

mm

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5

1.125
1
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
1
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.75
0.625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.5

2L2-1/2x2-1/2x3/8
2L2-1/2x2-1/2x5/16
2L2-1/2x2-1/2x1/4
2L2-1/2x2-1/2x3/16
2L2x2x3/8
2L2x2x5/16
2L2x2x1/4
2L2x2x3/16
2L2x2x1/8
2L8x6x1LLBB
2L8x6x7/8LLBB
2L8x6x3/4LLBB
2L8x6x5/8LLBB
2L8x6x9/16LLBB
2L8x6x1/2LLBB
2L8x6x7/16LLBB
2L8x4x1LLBB
2L8x4x7/8LLBB
2L8x4x3/4LLBB
2L8x4x5/8LLBB
2L8x4x9/16LLBB
2L8x4x1/2LLBB
2L8x4x7/16LLBB
2L7x4x3/4LLBB
2L7x4x5/8LLBB
2L7x4x1/2LLBB
2L7x4x7/16LLBB
2L7x4x3/8LLBB
2L6x4x7/8LLBB
2L6x4x3/4LLBB
2L6x4x5/8LLBB
2L6x4x9/16LLBB
2L6x4x1/2LLBB
2L6x4x7/16LLBB
2L6x4x3/8LLBB
2L6x4x5/16LLBB
2L6x3-1/2x1/2LLBB
2L6x3-1/2x3/8LLBB
2L6x3-1/2x5/16LLBB
2L5x3-1/2x3/4LLBB
2L5x3-1/2x5/8LLBB
2L5x3-1/2x1/2LLBB
2L5x3-1/2x3/8LLBB
2L5x3-1/2x5/16LLBB
2L5x3-1/2x1/4LLBB

38.71391076
32.67716535
26.47637795
20.11154856
30.51181102
25.88582677
21.09580052
16.10892388
10.95800525
291.3385827
257.5459318
223.0971129
187.992126
169.9475066
151.9028871
133.5301837
246.7191601
218.503937
189.6325459
159.7769029
144.6850394
129.5931759
114.1732283
171.9160105
145.0131234
117.4540682
103.3464567
89.23884514
178.1496063
154.855643
130.9055118
118.4383202
105.9711286
93.50393701
80.70866142
67.58530184
100.7217848
76.77165354
64.63254593
129.9212598
109.9081365
89.23884514
68.24146982
57.08661417
46.25984252

3.47
2.93
2.37
1.8
2.73
2.32
1.89
1.44
0.982
26.1
23.1
20
16.8
15.2
13.6
12
22.1
19.6
17
14.3
13
11.6
10.2
15.4
13
10.5
9.27
8
16
13.9
11.7
10.6
9.5
8.36
7.22
6.05
9.04
6.88
5.78
11.6
9.85
8.01
6.1
5.12
4.13

2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
2
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5

2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
2
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5

0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.125
1
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
1
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.75
0.625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.75
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25

2L5x3x1/2LLBB
2L5x3x7/16LLBB
2L5x3x3/8LLBB
2L5x3x5/16LLBB
2L5x3x1/4LLBB
2L4x3-1/2x1/2LLBB
2L4x3-1/2x3/8LLBB
2L4x3-1/2x5/16LLBB
2L4x3-1/2x1/4LLBB
2L4x3x5/8LLBB
2L4x3x1/2LLBB
2L4x3x3/8LLBB
2L4x3x5/16LLBB
2L4x3x1/4LLBB
2L3-1/2x3x1/2LLBB
2L3-1/2x3x7/16LLBB
2L3-1/2x3x3/8LLBB
2L3-1/2x3x5/16LLBB
2L3-1/2x3x1/4LLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/2LLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x3/8LLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x5/16LLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/4LLBB
2L3x2-1/2x1/2LLBB
2L3x2-1/2x7/16LLBB
2L3x2-1/2x3/8LLBB
2L3x2-1/2x5/16LLBB
2L3x2-1/2x1/4LLBB
2L3x2-1/2x3/16LLBB
2L3x2x1/2LLBB
2L3x2x3/8LLBB
2L3x2x5/16LLBB
2L3x2x1/4LLBB
2L3x2x3/16LLBB
2L2-1/2x2x3/8LLBB
2L2-1/2x2x5/16LLBB
2L2-1/2x2x1/4LLBB
2L2-1/2x2x3/16LLBB
2L8x6x1SLBB
2L8x6x7/8SLBB
2L8x6x3/4SLBB
2L8x6x5/8SLBB
2L8x6x9/16SLBB
2L8x6x1/2SLBB
2L8x6x7/16SLBB

83.66141732
73.81889764
63.97637795
53.80577428
43.30708661
78.0839895
59.71128609
50.19685039
40.6824147
88.91076115
72.50656168
55.44619423
46.58792651
37.72965879
67.58530184
59.71128609
51.83727034
43.6351706
35.43307087
61.67979003
47.57217848
40.02624672
32.41469816
56.1023622
49.54068241
42.97900262
36.41732283
29.42913386
22.37532808
50.52493438
39.04199475
33.13648294
26.83727034
20.47244094
34.77690289
29.42913386
23.95013123
18.27427822
291.3385827
257.5459318
223.0971129
187.992126
169.9475066
151.9028871
133.5301837

7.51
6.62
5.73
4.81
3.88
7.01
5.35
4.5
3.63
7.98
6.51
4.98
4.19
3.38
6.04
5.34
4.63
3.91
3.16
5.53
4.25
3.58
2.9
5.01
4.44
3.86
3.25
2.64
2
4.53
3.5
2.96
2.4
1.83
3.11
2.64
2.14
1.64
26.1
23.1
20
16.8
15.2
13.6
12

5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

3
3
3
3
3
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
1
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375

2L8x4x1SLBB
2L8x4x7/8SLBB
2L8x4x3/4SLBB
2L8x4x5/8SLBB
2L8x4x9/16SLBB
2L8x4x1/2SLBB
2L8x4x7/16SLBB
2L7x4x3/4SLBB
2L7x4x5/8SLBB
2L7x4x1/2SLBB
2L7x4x7/16SLBB
2L7x4x3/8SLBB
2L6x4x7/8SLBB
2L6x4x3/4SLBB
2L6x4x5/8SLBB
2L6x4x9/16SLBB
2L6x4x1/2SLBB
2L6x4x7/16SLBB
2L6x4x3/8SLBB
2L6x4x5/16SLBB
2L6x3-1/2x1/2SLBB
2L6x3-1/2x3/8SLBB
2L6x3-1/2x5/16SLBB
2L5x3-1/2x3/4SLBB
2L5x3-1/2x5/8SLBB
2L5x3-1/2x1/2SLBB
2L5x3-1/2x3/8SLBB
2L5x3-1/2x5/16SLBB
2L5x3-1/2x1/4SLBB
2L5x3x1/2SLBB
2L5x3x7/16SLBB
2L5x3x3/8SLBB
2L5x3x5/16SLBB
2L5x3x1/4SLBB
2L4x3-1/2x1/2SLBB
2L4x3-1/2x3/8SLBB
2L4x3-1/2x5/16SLBB
2L4x3-1/2x1/4SLBB
2L4x3x5/8SLBB
2L4x3x1/2SLBB
2L4x3x3/8SLBB
2L4x3x5/16SLBB
2L4x3x1/4SLBB
2L3-1/2x3x1/2SLBB
2L3-1/2x3x7/16SLBB

246.7191601
218.503937
189.6325459
159.7769029
144.6850394
129.5931759
114.1732283
171.9160105
145.0131234
117.4540682
103.3464567
89.23884514
178.1496063
154.855643
130.9055118
118.4383202
105.9711286
93.50393701
80.70866142
67.58530184
100.7217848
76.77165354
64.63254593
129.9212598
109.9081365
89.23884514
68.24146982
57.08661417
46.25984252
83.66141732
73.81889764
63.97637795
53.80577428
43.30708661
78.0839895
59.71128609
50.19685039
40.6824147
88.91076115
72.50656168
55.44619423
46.58792651
37.72965879
67.58530184
59.71128609

22.1
19.6
17
14.3
13
11.6
10.2
15.4
13
10.5
9.27
8
16
13.9
11.7
10.6
9.5
8.36
7.22
6.05
9.04
6.88
5.78
11.6
9.85
8.01
6.1
5.12
4.13
7.51
6.62
5.73
4.81
3.88
7.01
5.35
4.5
3.63
7.98
6.51
4.98
4.19
3.38
6.04
5.34

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5

1
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.75
0.625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.875
0.75
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.75
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375

2L3-1/2x3x3/8SLBB
2L3-1/2x3x5/16SLBB
2L3-1/2x3x1/4SLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/2SLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x3/8SLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x5/16SLBB
2L3-1/2x2-1/2x1/4SLBB
2L3x2-1/2x1/2SLBB
2L3x2-1/2x7/16SLBB
2L3x2-1/2x3/8SLBB
2L3x2-1/2x5/16SLBB
2L3x2-1/2x1/4SLBB
2L3x2-1/2x3/16SLBB
2L3x2x1/2SLBB
2L3x2x3/8SLBB
2L3x2x5/16SLBB
2L3x2x1/4SLBB
2L3x2x3/16SLBB
2L2-1/2x2x3/8SLBB
2L2-1/2x2x5/16SLBB
2L2-1/2x2x1/4SLBB

51.83727034
43.6351706
35.43307087
61.67979003
47.57217848
40.02624672
32.41469816
56.1023622
49.54068241
42.97900262
36.41732283
29.42913386
22.37532808
50.52493438
39.04199475
33.13648294
26.83727034
20.47244094
34.77690289
29.42913386
23.95013123

4.63
3.91
3.16
5.53
4.25
3.58
2.9
5.01
4.44
3.86
3.25
2.64
2
4.53
3.5
2.96
2.4
1.83
3.11
2.64
2.14

3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5

0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.5
0.4375
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.5
0.375
0.3125
0.25
0.1875
0.375
0.3125
0.25

2L2-1/2x2x3/16SLBB

18.27427822

1.64

2.5

0.1875

n Properties
k

Ix

Sx

mm

mm

1.75
1.625
1.5
1.375
1.25
1.1875
1.125
1.5
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375
0.875
0.8125
1.375
1.25
1.125
1
0.9375
0.875
0.8125
1.125
1
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.5625
0.75

196
178
159
140
119
108
97.5
70.8
63.8
56.2
48.2
44.1
39.7
35.3
30.7
26
35.5
31.5
27.2
22.5
20.1
17.5
14.9
15.2
13.2
11
9.87
8.64
7.35
6
7.25
6.51
5.72
4.89
4.01
4.41
3.96
3.49
2.99
2.46
1.9
2.43

mm

35
31.6
28
24.4
20.6
18.7
16.7
17.1
15.2
13.3
11.3
10.2
9.18
8.11
7.01
5.9
10.3
9.04
7.7
6.29
5.57
4.83
4.07
5.58
4.77
3.91
3.47
3.01
2.54
2.05
2.96
2.63
2.29
1.94
1.57
2.13
1.89
1.65
1.4
1.14
0.867
1.43

rx

mm

mm

2.41
2.43
2.45
2.46
2.48
2.49
2.49
1.79
1.81
1.82
1.84
1.85
1.86
1.86
1.87
1.88
1.49
1.5
1.52
1.53
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.18
1.2
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
0.895
0.903
0.91
0.918
0.926
0.933
0.735

2.4
2.36
2.31
2.26
2.21
2.19
2.17
1.86
1.81
1.77
1.72
1.7
1.67
1.65
1.62
1.6
1.56
1.52
1.47
1.42
1.4
1.37
1.35
1.27
1.22
1.18
1.15
1.13
1.11
1.08
1.05
1.03
1
0.979
0.954
0.929
0.907
0.884
0.86
0.836
0.812
0.803

114
103
90.6
78.4
66
59.7
53.3
75
66.4
57.6
48.5
43.9
39.3
34.6
29.8
25
54.6
47.5
40.1
32.6
28.7
24.8
20.9
37
31.3
25.5
22.5
19.4
16.3
13.2
22.2
19.6
17
14.3
11.6
18.7
16.6
14.3
12.1
9.77
7.41
15.3

0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
0.375
1.5
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375
1.5
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375
1.25
1.125
1
0.9375
0.875
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375
0.875
0.8125
1
0.875
0.8125
1.1875
1.0625
0.9375
0.8125
0.75
0.6875

1.94
1.67
1.38
1.07
0.953
0.828
0.691
0.541
0.377
162
145
127
108
98.7
88.8
78.7
139
125
110
94.1
85.7
77.2
68.5
75.6
64.7
53.3
47.3
41.1
55.4
48.9
42
38.4
34.7
30.8
26.8
22.7
33.2
25.7
21.8
27.8
24
19.9
15.5
13.2
10.7

1.12
0.949
0.773
0.59
0.696
0.595
0.489
0.376
0.257
30.2
26.8
23.3
19.7
17.9
16
14.1
28.1
25
21.7
18.4
16.7
15
13.2
16.8
14.2
11.6
10.2
8.83
14.3
12.5
10.6
9.61
8.63
7.62
6.59
5.55
8.45
6.47
5.45
8.52
7.26
5.94
4.56
3.84
3.1

0.749
0.756
0.764
0.771
0.591
0.598
0.605
0.612
0.62
2.49
2.5
2.52
2.54
2.55
2.55
2.56
2.51
2.53
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59
2.21
2.23
2.25
2.26
2.27
1.86
1.88
1.89
1.9
1.91
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.92
1.93
1.94
1.55
1.56
1.58
1.59
1.6
1.61

0.758
0.735
0.711
0.687
0.632
0.609
0.586
0.561
0.534
2.65
2.6
2.55
2.5
2.48
2.46
2.43
3.03
2.99
2.94
2.89
2.86
2.84
2.81
2.5
2.45
2.4
2.38
2.35
2.12
2.07
2.03
2
1.98
1.95
1.93
1.9
2.07
2.02
2
1.74
1.69
1.65
1.6
1.57
1.55

11.8
9.96
8.07
6.13
9.3
7.89
6.43
4.91
3.34
88.8
78.5
68
57.3
51.8
46.3
40.7
75.2
66.6
57.8
48.7
44.1
39.5
34.8
52.4
44.2
35.8
31.5
27.2
54.3
47.2
39.9
36.1
32.3
28.5
24.6
20.6
30.7
23.4
19.7
39.6
33.5
27.2
20.8
17.4
14.1

0.9375
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.875
0.75
0.6875
0.625
1
0.875
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.5625
0.8125
0.6875
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.4375
1.5
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375

18.9
16.8
14.7
12.5
10.2
10.6
8.3
7.07
5.78
12
10
7.88
6.72
5.49
6.91
6.2
5.45
4.67
3.84
6.48
5.13
4.39
3.61
4.15
3.73
3.3
2.83
2.33
1.8
3.85
3.07
2.64
2.18
1.69
1.83
1.58
1.31
1.02
77.6
69.8
61.5
52.8
48.2
43.5
38.6

5.79
5.12
4.44
3.74
3.03
3.84
2.96
2.5
2.02
4.56
3.75
2.89
2.44
1.98
2.9
2.58
2.24
1.9
1.55
2.82
2.18
1.85
1.51
2.07
1.84
1.61
1.36
1.11
0.846
2
1.56
1.32
1.08
0.828
1.09
0.931
0.762
0.585
17.8
15.9
13.8
11.8
10.7
9.58
8.46

1.58
1.59
1.6
1.61
1.62
1.23
1.25
1.25
1.26
1.23
1.24
1.26
1.27
1.27
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.09
1.1
1.08
1.1
1.11
1.12
0.91
0.917
0.924
0.932
0.94
0.947
0.922
0.937
0.945
0.953
0.961
0.766
0.774
0.782
0.79
1.72
1.74
1.75
1.77
1.78
1.79
1.8

1.74
1.72
1.69
1.67
1.64
1.24
1.2
1.17
1.14
1.37
1.32
1.27
1.25
1.22
1.12
1.09
1.07
1.05
1.02
1.2
1.15
1.13
1.1
0.995
0.972
0.949
0.925
0.9
0.874
1.08
1.03
1.01
0.98
0.952
0.826
0.803
0.779
0.754
1.65
1.6
1.56
1.51
1.49
1.46
1.44

25.5
22.5
19.5
16.4
13.2
23.8
18.2
15.3
12.4
27.1
22.1
16.9
14.2
11.5
20.6
18.2
15.8
13.3
10.8
18.8
14.5
12.2
9.88
17.1
15.1
13.1
11.1
8.97
6.82
15.4
11.9
10.1
8.18
6.24
10.6
8.97
7.3
5.57
88.8
78.5
68
57.3
51.8
46.3
40.7

1.5
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375
1.25
1.125
1
0.9375
0.875
1.375
1.25
1.125
1.0625
1
0.9375
0.875
0.8125
1
0.875
0.8125
1.1875
1.0625
0.9375
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.9375
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.875
0.75
0.6875
0.625
1
0.875
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.8125

23.3
21.1
18.7
16.2
14.9
13.5
12.1
18
15.6
13
11.6
10.1
19.4
17.3
15
13.7
12.4
11.1
9.72
8.26
8.47
6.65
5.68
11
9.6
8.04
6.31
5.38
4.4
5.1
4.58
4.02
3.44
2.82
7.53
5.92
5.05
4.13
5.7
4.79
3.79
3.24
2.66
4.65
4.18

7.87
7.02
6.14
5.23
4.77
4.29
3.81
6.01
5.12
4.2
3.72
3.22
6.74
5.9
5.03
4.58
4.12
3.65
3.17
2.67
3.17
2.45
2.07
4.4
3.76
3.09
2.38
2.01
1.63
2.26
2.01
1.75
1.48
1.2
3
2.32
1.96
1.59
2.67
2.2
1.7
1.44
1.17
2.18
1.94

1.03
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.08
1.1
1.11
1.12
1.12
1.1
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
0.968
0.984
0.991
0.974
0.987
1
1.02
1.02
1.03
0.824
0.831
0.838
0.846
0.853
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
0.845
0.858
0.873
0.88
0.887
0.877
0.885

1.04
0.997
0.949
0.902
0.878
0.854
0.829
1
0.958
0.91
0.886
0.861
1.12
1.07
1.03
1
0.981
0.957
0.933
0.908
0.829
0.781
0.756
0.993
0.947
0.901
0.854
0.829
0.804
0.746
0.722
0.698
0.673
0.648
0.994
0.947
0.923
0.897
0.867
0.822
0.775
0.75
0.725
0.869
0.846

75.2
66.6
57.8
48.7
44.1
39.5
34.8
52.4
44.2
35.8
31.5
27.2
54.3
47.2
39.9
36.1
32.3
28.5
24.6
20.6
30.7
23.4
19.7
39.6
33.5
27.2
20.8
17.4
14.1
25.5
22.5
19.5
16.4
13.2
23.8
18.2
15.3
12.4
27.1
22.1
16.9
14.2
11.5
20.6
18.2

0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.875
0.8125
0.75
0.6875
0.625
0.5625
0.8125
0.6875
0.625
0.5625
0.5
0.625
0.5625
0.5

3.69
3.16
2.61
2.72
2.17
1.87
1.55
2.58
2.33
2.06
1.78
1.47
1.14
1.33
1.08
0.935
0.779
0.61
1.03
0.891
0.744

1.69
1.44
1.17
1.51
1.18
1
0.819
1.47
1.31
1.15
0.974
0.794
0.606
0.94
0.736
0.628
0.515
0.396
0.722
0.617
0.507

0.892
0.9
0.908
0.701
0.716
0.723
0.731
0.718
0.724
0.731
0.739
0.746
0.753
0.543
0.555
0.562
0.569
0.577
0.574
0.581
0.589

0.823
0.798
0.773
0.701
0.655
0.632
0.607
0.746
0.724
0.701
0.677
0.653
0.627
0.58
0.535
0.511
0.487
0.462
0.578
0.555
0.532

15.8
13.3
10.8
18.8
14.5
12.2
9.88
17.1
15.1
13.1
11.1
8.97
6.82
15.4
11.9
10.1
8.18
6.24
10.6
8.97
7.3

0.4375

0.583

0.391

0.597

0.508

5.57

Rectangular HSS (Tube


Shape
HSS32x32x5/8
HSS32x32x1/2
HSS32x32x3/8
HSS30x30x5/8
HSS30x30x1/2
HSS30x30x3/8
HSS28x28x5/8
HSS28x28x1/2
HSS28x28x3/8
HSS26x26x5/8
HSS26x26x1/2
HSS26x26x3/8
HSS24x24x5/8
HSS24x24x1/2
HSS24x24X3/8
HSS22x22x5/8
HSS22x22x1/2
HSS22x22x3/8
HSS20x20x5/8
HSS20x20x1/2
HSS20x20x3/8
HSS18x18x5/8
HSS18x18x1/2
HSS18x18x3/8
HSS16x16x5/8
HSS16x16x1/2
HSS16x16x3/8
HSS16x16x5/16
HSS14x14x5/8
HSS14x14x1/2
HSS14x14x3/8
HSS14x14x5/16
HSS12x12x5/8
HSS12x12x1/2
HSS12x12x3/8
HSS12x12x5/16
HSS12x12x1/4
HSS10x10x5/8
HSS10x10x1/2
HSS10x10x3/8
HSS10x10x5/16
HSS10x10x1/4

kg/m

mm

852.4606299
691.3385827
522.8674541
796.6535433
646.6863517
489.3700787
740.8136483
602.0341207
455.8727034
685.0065617
557.3818898
422.3753281
629.1994751
512.7296588
388.8779528
573.3595801
468.0774278
355.3805774
517.5524934
423.4251969
321.9160105
461.7125984
378.7729659
288.4186352
416.6666667
337.9265092
257.2178478
215.8792651
360.8923885
293.9632546
223.7532808
187.992126
305.4461942
249.015748
190.2887139
160.1049869
129.2650919
249.671916
204.3963255
156.824147
132.2178478
106.9553806

76.4
61.9
46.8
71.4
57.9
43.8
66.4
53.9
40.8
61.4
49.9
37.8
56.4
45.9
34.8
51.4
41.9
31.8
46.4
37.9
28.8
41.4
33.9
25.8
35
28.3
21.5
18.1
30.3
24.6
18.7
15.7
25.7
20.9
16
13.4
10.8
21
17.2
13.2
11.1
8.96

mm

mm

mm

32
32
32
30
30
30
28
28
28
26
26
26
24
24
24
22
22
22
20
20
20
18
18
18
16
16
16
16
14
14
14
14
12
12
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
10

32
32
32
30
30
30
28
28
28
26
26
26
24
24
24
22
22
22
20
20
20
18
18
18
16
16
16
16
14
14
14
14
12
12
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
10

0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233

HSS10x10x3/16
HSS8x8x5/8
HSS8x8x1/2
HSS8x8x3/8
HSS8x8x5/16
HSS8x8x1/4
HSS8x8x3/16
HSS7x7x5/8
HSS7x7x1/2
HSS7x7x3/8
HSS7x7x5/16
HSS7x7x1/4
HSS7x7x3/16
HSS6x6x5/8
HSS6x6x1/2
HSS6x6x3/8
HSS6x6x5/16
HSS6x6x1/4
HSS6x6x3/16
HSS6x6x1/8
HSS5.5x5.5x3/8
HSS5.5x5.5x5/16
HSS5.5x5.5x1/4
HSS5.5x5.5x3/16
HSS5.5x5.5x1/8
HSS5x5x1/2
HSS5x5x3/8
HSS5x5x5/16
HSS5x5x1/4
HSS5x5x3/16
HSS5x5x1/8
HSS4.5x4.5x1/2
HSS4.5x4.5x3/8
HSS4.5x4.5x5/16
HSS4.5x4.5x1/4
HSS4.5x4.5x3/16
HSS4.5x4.5x1/8
HSS4x4x1/2
HSS4x4x3/8
HSS4x4x5/16
HSS4x4x1/4
HSS4x4x3/16
HSS4x4x1/8
HSS3.5x3.5x3/8
HSS3.5x3.5x5/16

81.03674541
193.8976378
159.7769029
123.3595801
104.3307087
84.64566929
64.30446194
166.0104987
137.4671916
106.6272966
90.22309711
73.49081365
56.1023622
138.1233596
115.1574803
89.89501312
76.44356955
62.33595801
47.57217848
32.31627297
81.69291339
69.55380577
56.75853018
43.30708661
29.52755906
92.84776903
73.16272966
62.33595801
51.18110236
39.37007874
26.73884514
81.69291339
64.63254593
55.44619423
45.60367454
35.10498688
23.95013123
70.53805774
56.43044619
48.55643045
40.02624672
30.83989501
21.16141732
47.90026247
41.66666667

6.76
16.4
13.5
10.4
8.76
7.1
5.37
14
11.6
8.97
7.59
6.17
4.67
11.7
9.74
7.58
6.43
5.24
3.98
2.7
6.88
5.85
4.77
3.63
2.46
7.88
6.18
5.26
4.3
3.28
2.23
6.95
5.48
4.68
3.84
2.93
2
6.02
4.78
4.1
3.37
2.58
1.77
4.09
3.52

10
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5

10
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5

0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291

HSS3.5x3.5x1/4
HSS3.5x3.5x3/16
HSS3.5x3.5x1/8
HSS3x3x3/8
HSS3x3x5/16
HSS3x3x1/4
HSS3x3x3/16
HSS3x3x1/8
HSS2.5x2.5x5/16
HSS2.5x2.5x1/4
HSS2.5x2.5x3/16
HSS2.5x2.5x1/8
HSS2.25x2.25x1/4
HSS2.25x2.25x3/16
HSS2.25x2.25x1/8
HSS2x2x1/4
HSS2x2x3/16
HSS2x2x1/8
HSS1.75x1.75x3/16
HSS1.625x1.625x3/16
HSS1.625x1.625x1/8
HSS1.5x1.5x3/16
HSS1.5x1.5x1/8
HSS1.25x1.25x3/16
HSS1.25x1.25x1/8
HSS32x24x5/8
HSS32x24x1/2
HSS32x24x3/8
HSS30x24x5/8
HSS30x24x1/2
HSS30x24x3/8
HSS28x24x5/8
HSS28x24x1/2
HSS28x24x3/8
HSS26x24x5/8
HSS26x24x1/2
HSS26x24x3/8
HSS24x22x5/8
HSS24x22x1/2
HSS24x22x3/8
HSS22x20x5/8
HSS22x20x1/2
HSS22x20x3/8
HSS20x18x5/8
HSS20x18x1/2

34.4488189
26.67322835
18.37270341
39.69816273
34.4488189
28.80577428
22.47375328
15.5839895
27.55905512
23.22834646
18.27427822
12.79527559
20.43963255
16.20734908
11.38451444
17.65091864
14.10761155
9.973753281
12.00787402
10.95800525
7.906824147
9.908136483
7.18503937
7.80839895
5.807086614
740.8136483
602.0341207
455.8727034
712.9265092
579.7244094
439.1076115
685.0065617
557.3818898
422.3753281
657.0866142
535.0393701
405.6430446
601.2795276
490.3871391
372.1456693
545.4396325
445.7349081
338.648294
489.6325459
401.0826772

2.91
2.24
1.54
3.39
2.94
2.44
1.89
1.3
2.35
1.97
1.54
1.07
1.74
1.37
0.956
1.51
1.19
0.84
1.02
0.932
0.666
0.845
0.608
0.671
0.492
66.4
53.9
40.8
63.9
51.9
39.3
61.4
49.9
37.8
58.9
47.9
36.3
53.9
43.9
33.3
48.9
39.9
30.3
43.9
35.9

3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.25
2.25
2.25
2
2
2
1.75
1.625
1.625
1.5
1.5
1.25
1.25
32
32
32
30
30
30
28
28
28
26
26
26
24
24
24
22
22
22
20
20

3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.25
2.25
2.25
2
2
2
1.75
1.625
1.625
1.5
1.5
1.25
1.25
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
22
22
22
20
20
20
18
18

0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.174
0.174
0.116
0.174
0.116
0.174
0.116
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.625
0.5

HSS20x18x3/8
HSS20x16x5/8
HSS20x16x1/2
HSS20x16x3/8
HSS20x12x5/8
HSS20x12x1/2
HSS20x12x3/8
HSS20x12x5/16
HSS20x8x5/8
HSS20x8x1/2
HSS20x8x3/8
HSS20x8x5/16
HSS20x4x1/2
HSS20x4x3/8
HSS20x4x5/16
HSS18x12x5/8
HSS18x12x1/2
HSS18x12x3/8
HSS18x6x5/8
HSS18x6x1/2
HSS18x6x3/8
HSS18x6x5/16
HSS18x6x1/4
HSS16x12x5/8
HSS16x12x1/2
HSS16x12x3/8
HSS16x12x5/16
HSS16x8x5/8
HSS16x8x1/2
HSS16x8x3/8
HSS16x8x5/16
HSS16x4x1/2
HSS16x4x3/8
HSS16x4x5/16
HSS14x12x1/2
HSS14x12x3/8
HSS14x10x5/8
HSS14x10x1/2
HSS14x10x3/8
HSS14x10x5/16
HSS14x10x1/4
HSS14x6x5/8
HSS14x6x1/2
HSS14x6x3/8
HSS14x6x5/16

305.1509186
461.7125984
378.7729659
288.4186352
416.6666667
337.9265092
257.2178478
215.8792651
360.8923885
293.9632546
223.7532808
187.992126
249.015748
190.2887139
160.1049869
390.4199475
316.2729659
240.4855643
305.4461942
249.015748
190.2887139
160.1049869
129.2650919
360.8923885
293.9632546
223.7532808
187.992126
305.4461942
249.015748
190.2887139
160.1049869
204.3963255
156.824147
132.2178478
271.3254593
207.0209974
305.4461942
249.015748
190.2887139
160.1049869
129.2650919
249.671916
204.3963255
156.824147
132.2178478

27.3
41.4
33.9
25.8
35
28.3
21.5
18.1
30.3
24.6
18.7
15.7
20.9
16
13.4
32.6
26.5
20.1
25.7
20.9
16
13.4
10.8
30.3
24.6
18.7
15.7
25.7
20.9
16
13.4
17.2
13.2
11.1
22.8
17.3
25.7
20.9
16
13.4
10.8
21
17.2
13.2
11.1

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14

18
16
16
16
12
12
12
12
8
8
8
8
4
4
4
12
12
12
6
6
6
6
6
12
12
12
12
8
8
8
8
4
4
4
12
12
10
10
10
10
10
6
6
6
6

0.375
0.625
0.5
0.375
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.465
0.349
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291

HSS14x6x1/4
HSS14x6x3/16
HSS14x4x5/8
HSS14x4x1/2
HSS14x4x3/8
HSS14x4x5/16
HSS14x4x1/4
HSS14x4x3/16
HSS12x10x1/2
HSS12x10x3/8
HSS12x10x5/16
HSS12x10x1/4
HSS12x8x5/8
HSS12x8x1/2
HSS12x8x3/8
HSS12x8x5/16
HSS12x8x1/4
HSS12x8x3/16
HSS12x6x5/8
HSS12x6x1/2
HSS12x6x3/8
HSS12x6x5/16
HSS12x6x1/4
HSS12x6x3/16
HSS12x4x5/8
HSS12x4x1/2
HSS12x4x3/8
HSS12x4x5/16
HSS12x4x1/4
HSS12x4x3/16
HSS12x3.5x3/8
HSS12x3.5x5/16
HSS12x3x5/16
HSS12x3x1/4
HSS12x3x3/16
HSS12x2x1/4
HSS12x2x3/16
HSS10x8x1/2
HSS10x8x3/8
HSS10x8x5/16
HSS10x8x1/4
HSS10x8x3/16
HSS10x6x5/8
HSS10x6x1/2
HSS10x6x3/8

106.9553806
81.03674541
221.7847769
182.0866142
140.0918635
118.1102362
95.80052493
72.83464567
226.7060367
173.5564304
146.3254593
118.1102362
249.671916
204.3963255
156.824147
132.2178478
106.9553806
81.03674541
221.7847769
182.0866142
140.0918635
118.1102362
95.80052493
72.83464567
193.8976378
159.7769029
123.3595801
104.3307087
84.64566929
64.30446194
119.0944882
100.7217848
97.44094488
79.06824147
60.03937008
73.49081365
56.1023622
182.0866142
140.0918635
118.1102362
95.80052493
72.83464567
193.8976378
159.7769029
123.3595801

8.96
6.76
18.7
15.3
11.8
9.92
8.03
6.06
19
14.6
12.2
9.9
21
17.2
13.2
11.1
8.96
6.76
18.7
15.3
11.8
9.92
8.03
6.06
16.4
13.5
10.4
8.76
7.1
5.37
10
8.46
8.17
6.63
5.02
6.17
4.67
15.3
11.8
9.92
8.03
6.06
16.4
13.5
10.4

14
14
14
14
14
14
14
14
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

6
6
4
4
4
4
4
4
10
10
10
10
8
8
8
8
8
8
6
6
6
6
6
6
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
2
2
8
8
8
8
8
6
6
6

0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.349
0.291
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349

HSS10x6x5/16
HSS10x6x1/4
HSS10x6x3/16
HSS10x5x3/8
HSS10x5x5/16
HSS10x5x1/4
HSS10x5x3/16
HSS10x4x5/8
HSS10x4x1/2
HSS10x4x3/8
HSS10x4x5/16
HSS10x4x1/4
HSS10x4x3/16
HSS10x3.5x3/16
HSS10x3x3/8
HSS10x3x5/16
HSS10x3x1/4
HSS10x3x3/16
HSS10x3x1/8
HSS10x2x3/8
HSS10x2x5/16
HSS10x2x1/4
HSS10x2x3/16
HSS9x7x5/8
HSS9x7x1/2
HSS9x7x3/8
HSS9x7x5/16
HSS9x7x1/4
HSS9x7x3/16
HSS9x5x5/8
HSS9x5x1/2
HSS9x5x3/8
HSS9x5x5/16
HSS9x5x1/4
HSS9x5x3/16
HSS9x3x1/2
HSS9x3x3/8
HSS9x3x5/16
HSS9x3x1/4
HSS9x3x3/16
HSS8x6x5/8
HSS8x6x1/2
HSS8x6x3/8
HSS8x6x5/16
HSS8x6x1/4

104.3307087
84.64566929
64.30446194
115.1574803
97.44094488
79.06824147
60.03937008
166.0104987
137.4671916
106.6272966
90.22309711
73.49081365
56.1023622
53.80577428
98.42519685
83.33333333
67.91338583
51.83727034
35.10498688
89.89501312
76.44356955
62.33595801
47.57217848
193.8976378
159.7769029
123.3595801
104.3307087
84.64566929
64.30446194
166.0104987
137.4671916
106.6272966
90.22309711
73.49081365
56.1023622
115.1574803
89.89501312
76.44356955
62.33595801
47.57217848
166.0104987
137.4671916
106.6272966
90.22309711
73.49081365

8.76
7.1
5.37
9.67
8.17
6.63
5.02
14
11.6
8.97
7.59
6.17
4.67
4.5
8.27
7.01
5.7
4.32
2.93
7.58
6.43
5.24
3.98
16.4
13.5
10.4
8.76
7.1
5.37
14
11.6
8.97
7.59
6.17
4.67
9.74
7.58
6.43
5.24
3.98
14
11.6
8.97
7.59
6.17

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
8
8
8

6
6
6
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
7
7
7
7
7
7
5
5
5
5
5
5
3
3
3
3
3
6
6
6
6
6

0.291
0.233
0.174
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.174
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233

HSS8x6x3/16
HSS8x4x5/8
HSS8x4x1/2
HSS8x4x3/8
HSS8x4x5/16
HSS8x4x1/4
HSS8x4x3/16
HSS8x4x1/8
HSS8x3x1/2
HSS8x3x3/8
HSS8x3x5/16
HSS8x3x1/4
HSS8x3x3/16
HSS8x3x1/8
HSS8x2x3/8
HSS8x2x5/16
HSS8x2x1/4
HSS8x2x3/16
HSS8x2x1/8
HSS7x5x5/8
HSS7x5x1/2
HSS7x5x3/8
HSS7x5x5/16
HSS7x5x1/4
HSS7x5x3/16
HSS7x5x1/8
HSS7x4x1/2
HSS7x4x3/8
HSS7x4x5/16
HSS7x4x1/4
HSS7x4x3/16
HSS7x4x1/8
HSS7x3x1/2
HSS7x3x3/8
HSS7x3x5/16
HSS7x3x1/4
HSS7x3x3/16
HSS7x3x1/8
HSS6x5x3/8
HSS6x5x5/16
HSS6x5x1/4
HSS6x5x3/16
HSS6x4x1/2
HSS6x4x3/8
HSS6x4x5/16

56.1023622
138.1233596
115.1574803
89.89501312
76.44356955
62.33595801
47.57217848
32.31627297
104.0026247
81.69291339
69.55380577
56.75853018
43.30708661
29.52755906
73.16272966
62.33595801
51.18110236
39.37007874
26.73884514
138.1233596
115.1574803
89.89501312
76.44356955
62.33595801
47.57217848
32.31627297
104.0026247
81.69291339
69.55380577
56.75853018
43.30708661
29.52755906
92.84776903
73.16272966
62.33595801
51.18110236
39.37007874
26.73884514
81.69291339
69.55380577
56.75853018
43.30708661
92.84776903
73.16272966
62.33595801

4.67
11.7
9.74
7.58
6.43
5.24
3.98
2.7
8.81
6.88
5.85
4.77
3.63
2.46
6.18
5.26
4.3
3.28
2.23
11.7
9.74
7.58
6.43
5.24
3.98
2.7
8.81
6.88
5.85
4.77
3.63
2.46
7.88
6.18
5.26
4.3
3.28
2.23
6.88
5.85
4.77
3.63
7.88
6.18
5.26

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

6
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
5
5
5
5
4
4
4

0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291

HSS6x4x1/4
HSS6x4x3/16
HSS6x4x1/8
HSS6x3x1/2
HSS6x3x3/8
HSS6x3x5/16
HSS6x3x1/4
HSS6x3x3/16
HSS6x3x1/8
HSS6x2x3/8
HSS6x2x5/16
HSS6x2x1/4
HSS6x2x3/16
HSS6x2x1/8
HSS5x4x1/2
HSS5x4x3/8
HSS5x4x5/16
HSS5x4x1/4
HSS5x4x3/16
HSS5x3x1/2
HSS5x3x3/8
HSS5x3x5/16
HSS5x3x1/4
HSS5x3x3/16
HSS5x3x1/8
HSS5x2.5x1/4
HSS5x2.5x3/16
HSS5x2.5x1/8
HSS5x2x3/8
HSS5x2x5/16
HSS5x2x1/4
HSS5x2x3/16
HSS5x2x1/8
HSS4x3x3/8
HSS4x3x5/16
HSS4x3x1/4
HSS4x3x3/16
HSS4x3x1/8
HSS4x2.5x5/16
HSS4x2.5x1/4
HSS4x2.5x3/16
HSS4x2x3/8
HSS4x2x5/16
HSS4x2x1/4
HSS4x2x3/16

51.18110236
39.37007874
26.73884514
81.69291339
64.63254593
55.44619423
45.60367454
35.10498688
23.95013123
56.43044619
48.55643045
40.02624672
30.83989501
21.16141732
81.69291339
64.63254593
55.44619423
45.60367454
35.10498688
70.53805774
56.43044619
48.55643045
40.02624672
30.83989501
21.16141732
37.07349081
28.77296588
19.75065617
47.90026247
41.66666667
34.4488189
26.67322835
18.37270341
47.90026247
41.66666667
34.4488189
26.67322835
18.37270341
38.05774278
31.59448819
24.57349081
39.69816273
34.4488189
28.80577428
22.47375328

4.3
3.28
2.23
6.95
5.48
4.68
3.84
2.93
2
4.78
4.1
3.37
2.58
1.77
6.95
5.48
4.68
3.84
2.93
6.02
4.78
4.1
3.37
2.58
1.77
3.14
2.41
1.65
4.09
3.52
2.91
2.24
1.54
4.09
3.52
2.91
2.24
1.54
3.23
2.67
2.06
3.39
2.94
2.44
1.89

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2

0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174

HSS4x2x1/8
HSS3.5x2.5x3/8
HSS3.5x2.5x5/16
HSS3.5x2.5x1/4
HSS3.5x2.5x3/16
HSS3.5x2.5x1/8
HSS3x2.5x5/16
HSS3x2.5x1/4
HSS3x2.5x3/16
HSS3x2.5x1/8
HSS3x2x5/16
HSS3x2x1/4
HSS3x2x3/16
HSS3x2x1/8
HSS3x1.5x1/4
HSS3x1.5x3/16
HSS3x1.5x1/8
HSS3x1x1/8
HSS2.5x1.5x1/4
HSS2.5x1.5x3/16
HSS2.5x1.5x1/8
HSS2x1.5x3/16
HSS2x1x3/16

15.5839895
39.69816273
34.4488189
28.80577428
22.47375328
15.5839895
31.03674541
26.01706037
20.37401575
14.17322835
27.55905512
23.22834646
18.27427822
12.79527559
20.43963255
16.20734908
11.38451444
9.973753281
17.65091864
14.10761155
9.973753281
12.00787402
9.908136483

1.3
3.39
2.94
2.44
1.89
1.3
2.64
2.21
1.71
1.19
2.35
1.97
1.54
1.07
1.74
1.37
0.956
0.84
1.51
1.19
0.84
1.02
0.845

4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2

2
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2
2
2
2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1

0.116
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.116
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.174
0.174

HSS2x1x1/8

7.18503937

0.608

0.116

Rectangular HSS (Tube) Section Properties


Ix (x 10^6)

Sx (x 10^3)

rx

Iy (x 10^6)

Sy (x 10^3)

ry

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

771
634
485
673
555
424
582
480
368
497
411
316
419
348
268
347
290
223
283
237
183
224
189
147
171
141
109
92.3
128
106
82.5
69.9
91.4
76.2
59.5
50.7
41.4
60.8
51.2
40.4
34.5
28.3

12.7
12.8
12.9
11.9
12
12.1
11.1
11.2
11.2
10.3
10.4
10.4
9.44
9.53
9.6
8.62
8.72
8.78
7.81
7.9
7.97
6.99
7.08
7.15
6.25
6.31
6.37
6.39
5.44
5.49
5.55
5.58
4.62
4.68
4.73
4.76
4.79
3.8
3.86
3.92
3.94
3.97

12300
10100
7750
10100
8320
6370
8140
6730
5150
6460
5350
4110
5030
4170
3210
3820
3190
2460
2830
2370
1830
2020
1700
1320
1370
1130
873
739
897
743
577
490
548
457
357
304
248
304
256
202
172
141

771
634
485
673
555
424
582
480
368
497
411
316
419
348
268
347
290
223
283
237
183
224
189
147
171
141
109
92.3
128
106
82.5
69.9
91.4
76.2
59.5
50.7
41.4
60.8
51.2
40.4
34.5
28.3

12.7
12.8
12.9
11.9
12
12.1
11.1
11.2
11.2
10.3
10.4
10.4
9.44
9.53
9.6
8.62
8.72
8.78
7.81
7.9
7.97
6.99
7.08
7.15
6.25
6.31
6.37
6.39
5.44
5.49
5.55
5.58
4.62
4.68
4.73
4.76
4.79
3.8
3.86
3.92
3.94
3.97

12300
10100
7750
10100
8320
6370
8140
6730
5150
6460
5350
4110
5030
4170
3210
3820
3190
2460
2830
2370
1830
2020
1700
1320
1370
1130
873
739
897
743
577
490
548
457
357
304
248
304
256
202
172
141

108
146
125
99.6
85.6
70.7
54.4
93.4
80.5
65
56.1
46.5
36
55.2
48.3
39.5
34.3
28.6
22.3
15.5
29.7
25.9
21.7
17
11.8
26
21.7
19
16
12.6
8.8
18.1
15.3
13.5
11.4
9.02
6.35
11.9
10.3
9.14
7.8
6.21
4.4
6.49
5.84

21.6
36.5
31.2
24.9
21.4
17.7
13.6
26.7
23
18.6
16
13.3
10.3
18.4
16.1
13.2
11.4
9.54
7.42
5.15
10.8
9.43
7.9
6.17
4.3
10.4
8.68
7.62
6.41
5.03
3.52
8.03
6.79
6
5.08
4.01
2.82
5.97
5.13
4.57
3.9
3.1
2.2
3.71
3.34

4
2.99
3.04
3.1
3.13
3.15
3.18
2.58
2.63
2.69
2.72
2.75
2.77
2.17
2.23
2.28
2.31
2.34
2.37
2.39
2.08
2.11
2.13
2.16
2.19
1.82
1.87
1.9
1.93
1.96
1.99
1.61
1.67
1.7
1.73
1.75
1.78
1.41
1.47
1.49
1.52
1.55
1.58
1.26
1.29

108
146
125
99.6
85.6
70.7
54.4
93.4
80.5
65
56.1
46.5
36
55.2
48.3
39.5
34.3
28.6
22.3
15.5
29.7
25.9
21.7
17
11.8
26
21.7
19
16
12.6
8.8
18.1
15.3
13.5
11.4
9.02
6.35
11.9
10.3
9.14
7.8
6.21
4.4
6.49
5.84

21.6
36.5
31.2
24.9
21.4
17.7
13.6
26.7
23
18.6
16
13.3
10.3
18.4
16.1
13.2
11.4
9.54
7.42
5.15
10.8
9.43
7.9
6.17
4.3
10.4
8.68
7.62
6.41
5.03
3.52
8.03
6.79
6
5.08
4.01
2.82
5.97
5.13
4.57
3.9
3.1
2.2
3.71
3.34

4
2.99
3.04
3.1
3.13
3.15
3.18
2.58
2.63
2.69
2.72
2.75
2.77
2.17
2.23
2.28
2.31
2.34
2.37
2.39
2.08
2.11
2.13
2.16
2.19
1.82
1.87
1.9
1.93
1.96
1.99
1.61
1.67
1.7
1.73
1.75
1.78
1.41
1.47
1.49
1.52
1.55
1.58
1.26
1.29

5.04
4.05
2.9
3.78
3.45
3.02
2.46
1.78
1.82
1.63
1.35
0.998
1.13
0.953
0.712
0.747
0.641
0.486
0.405
0.313
0.246
0.236
0.188
0.122
0.102
9880
8160
6250
8480
7010
5380
7210
5970
4580
6060
5020
3860
4680
3900
3000
3530
2950
2280
2590
2180

2.88
2.31
1.66
2.52
2.3
2.01
1.64
1.19
1.46
1.3
1.08
0.799
1.01
0.847
0.633
0.747
0.641
0.486
0.463
0.385
0.303
0.315
0.251
0.195
0.162
617
510
391
565
468
359
515
426
327
466
386
297
390
325
250
321
269
207
259
218

1.32
1.35
1.37
1.06
1.08
1.11
1.14
1.17
0.88
0.908
0.937
0.965
0.806
0.835
0.863
0.704
0.733
0.761
0.631
0.58
0.608
0.528
0.557
0.426
0.454
12.2
12.3
12.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
10.8
10.9
11
10.1
10.2
10.3
9.33
9.42
9.49
8.51
8.6
8.67
7.69
7.78

5.04
4.05
2.9
3.78
3.45
3.02
2.46
1.78
1.82
1.63
1.35
0.998
1.13
0.953
0.712
0.747
0.641
0.486
0.405
0.313
0.246
0.236
0.188
0.122
0.102
6390
5280
4050
6050
5000
3840
5710
4730
3630
5370
4450
3420
4110
3420
2630
3060
2560
1970
2210
1850

2.88
2.31
1.66
2.52
2.3
2.01
1.64
1.19
1.46
1.3
1.08
0.799
1.01
0.847
0.633
0.747
0.641
0.486
0.463
0.385
0.303
0.315
0.251
0.195
0.162
533
440
337
504
417
320
476
394
302
447
371
285
373
311
239
306
256
197
245
206

1.32
1.35
1.37
1.06
1.08
1.11
1.14
1.17
0.88
0.908
0.937
0.965
0.806
0.835
0.863
0.704
0.733
0.761
0.631
0.58
0.608
0.528
0.557
0.426
0.454
9.81
9.89
9.96
9.73
9.82
9.88
9.65
9.73
9.79
9.55
9.64
9.7
8.73
8.82
8.89
7.91
8
8.07
7.1
7.19

1690
2360
1990
1540
1880
1550
1200
1010
1440
1190
926
786
838
657
560
1450
1200
929
923
770
602
513
419
1090
904
702
595
815
679
531
451
455
360
308
658
512
687
573
447
380
310
478
402
317
271

169
236
199
154
188
155
120
101
144
119
92.6
78.6
83.8
65.7
56
161
133
103
103
85.6
66.9
57
46.5
136
113
87.7
74.4
102
84.9
66.3
56.4
56.9
45
38.5
94
73.2
98.2
81.8
63.9
54.3
44.3
68.3
57.4
45.3
38.7

7.85
7.55
7.65
7.72
7.33
7.39
7.45
7.48
6.89
6.96
7.03
7.07
6.33
6.42
6.46
6.67
6.73
6.79
6
6.07
6.15
6.18
6.22
6
6.06
6.12
6.15
5.64
5.7
5.77
5.8
5.15
5.23
5.27
5.38
5.43
5.17
5.23
5.29
5.32
5.35
4.77
4.84
4.91
4.94

1440
1680
1410
1100
851
705
547
464
338
283
222
189
58.7
47.6
41.2
776
643
499
158
134
106
91.3
75.1
700
581
452
384
274
230
181
155
47
38.3
33.2
519
405
407
341
267
227
186
124
105
84.1
72.3

160
210
177
137
142
117
91.1
77.3
84.6
70.8
55.6
47.4
29.3
23.8
20.6
129
107
83.2
52.7
44.6
35.5
30.4
25
117
96.8
75.3
64
68.6
57.6
45.3
38.7
23.5
19.1
16.6
86.5
67.4
81.5
68.1
53.4
45.5
37.2
41.2
35.1
28
24.1

7.25
6.37
6.46
6.52
4.93
4.99
5.04
5.07
3.34
3.39
3.44
3.47
1.68
1.73
1.75
4.87
4.93
4.98
2.48
2.53
2.58
2.61
2.63
4.8
4.86
4.91
4.94
3.27
3.32
3.37
3.4
1.65
1.71
1.73
4.78
4.83
3.98
4.04
4.09
4.12
4.14
2.43
2.48
2.53
2.55

222
170
373
317
252
216
178
137
395
310
264
216
397
333
262
224
184
140
321
271
215
184
151
116
245
210
168
144
119
91.8
156
134
124
103
79.6
86.9
67.4
214
169
145
119
91.4
201
171
137

31.7
24.3
53.3
45.3
36
30.9
25.4
19.5
65.9
51.6
44
36
66.1
55.6
43.7
37.4
30.6
23.4
53.4
45.2
35.9
30.7
25.2
19.4
40.8
34.9
28
24.1
19.9
15.3
26
22.4
20.7
17.2
13.3
14.5
11.2
42.7
33.9
29
23.8
18.3
40.2
34.3
27.4

4.98
5.01
4.47
4.55
4.63
4.67
4.71
4.74
4.56
4.61
4.64
4.67
4.34
4.41
4.47
4.5
4.53
4.56
4.14
4.21
4.28
4.31
4.34
4.38
3.87
3.95
4.02
4.06
4.1
4.13
3.94
3.98
3.9
3.94
3.98
3.75
3.8
3.73
3.79
3.82
3.85
3.88
3.5
3.57
3.63

59.6
45.9
47.2
41.2
33.6
29.2
24.4
19
298
234
200
164
210
178
140
120
98.8
75.7
107
91.1
72.9
62.8
51.9
40
40.4
35.3
28.9
25.2
21
16.4
21.3
18.6
13.1
11.1
8.72
4.41
3.55
151
120
103
84.7
65.1
89.4
76.8
61.8

19.9
15.3
23.6
20.6
16.8
14.6
12.2
9.48
59.7
46.9
40
32.7
52.5
44.4
35.1
30.1
24.7
18.9
35.5
30.4
24.3
20.9
17.3
13.3
20.2
17.7
14.5
12.6
10.5
8.2
12.2
10.6
8.73
7.38
5.81
4.41
3.55
37.8
30
25.7
21.2
16.3
29.8
25.6
20.6

2.58
2.61
1.59
1.64
1.69
1.72
1.74
1.77
3.96
4.01
4.04
4.07
3.16
3.21
3.27
3.29
3.32
3.35
2.39
2.44
2.49
2.52
2.54
2.57
1.57
1.62
1.67
1.7
1.72
1.75
1.46
1.48
1.27
1.29
1.32
0.845
0.872
3.14
3.19
3.22
3.25
3.28
2.34
2.39
2.44

118
96.9
74.6
120
104
85.8
66.2
149
129
104
90.1
74.7
57.8
53.6
88
76.3
63.6
49.4
34.2
71.7
62.6
52.5
41
174
149
119
102
84.1
64.7
133
115
92.5
79.8
66.1
51.1
80.8
66.3
57.7
48.2
37.6
114
98.2
79.1
68.3
56.6

23.5
19.4
14.9
24.1
20.8
17.2
13.2
29.9
25.8
20.8
18
14.9
11.6
10.7
17.6
15.3
12.7
9.87
6.83
14.3
12.5
10.5
8.19
38.7
33
26.4
22.6
18.7
14.4
29.6
25.5
20.5
17.7
14.7
11.4
18
14.7
12.8
10.7
8.35
28.5
24.6
19.8
17.1
14.2

3.66
3.69
3.73
3.53
3.56
3.6
3.63
3.26
3.34
3.41
3.44
3.48
3.52
3.45
3.26
3.3
3.34
3.38
3.42
3.08
3.12
3.17
3.21
3.26
3.32
3.38
3.41
3.44
3.47
3.08
3.14
3.21
3.24
3.27
3.31
2.88
2.96
3
3.04
3.07
2.85
2.91
2.97
3
3.03

53.3
44.1
34.1
40.6
35.2
29.3
22.7
33.5
29.5
24.3
21.2
17.7
13.9
10.3
12.4
11
9.28
7.33
5.16
4.7
4.24
3.67
2.97
117
100
80.4
69.2
57.2
44.1
52
45.2
36.8
32
26.6
20.7
13.2
11.2
9.88
8.38
6.64
72.3
62.5
50.6
43.8
36.4

17.8
14.7
11.4
16.2
14.1
11.7
9.09
16.8
14.7
12.1
10.6
8.87
6.93
5.89
8.28
7.3
6.19
4.89
3.44
4.7
4.24
3.67
2.97
33.5
28.7
23
19.8
16.3
12.6
20.8
18.1
14.7
12.8
10.6
8.28
8.81
7.45
6.59
5.59
4.42
24.1
20.8
16.9
14.6
12.1

2.47
2.49
2.52
2.05
2.07
2.1
2.13
1.54
1.59
1.64
1.67
1.7
1.72
1.51
1.22
1.25
1.28
1.3
1.33
0.787
0.812
0.838
0.864
2.68
2.73
2.78
2.81
2.84
2.87
1.92
1.97
2.03
2.05
2.08
2.1
1.17
1.21
1.24
1.27
1.29
2.27
2.32
2.38
2.4
2.43

43.7
82
71.8
58.7
51
42.5
33.1
22.9
58.6
48.5
42.4
35.5
27.8
19.3
38.2
33.7
28.5
22.4
15.7
69.4
60.6
49.5
43
35.9
27.9
19.3
50.7
41.8
36.5
30.5
23.8
16.6
40.7
34.1
29.9
25.2
19.8
13.8
33.9
29.6
24.7
19.3
34
28.3
24.8

10.9
20.5
17.9
14.7
12.8
10.6
8.27
5.73
14.6
12.1
10.6
8.88
6.94
4.83
9.56
8.43
7.12
5.61
3.93
19.8
17.3
14.1
12.3
10.2
7.96
5.52
14.5
11.9
10.4
8.72
6.81
4.73
11.6
9.73
8.54
7.19
5.65
3.95
11.3
9.85
8.25
6.44
11.3
9.43
8.27

3.06
2.64
2.71
2.78
2.82
2.85
2.88
2.92
2.58
2.65
2.69
2.73
2.77
2.8
2.49
2.53
2.57
2.61
2.65
2.43
2.5
2.56
2.59
2.62
2.65
2.68
2.4
2.46
2.5
2.53
2.56
2.59
2.27
2.35
2.38
2.42
2.45
2.49
2.22
2.25
2.28
2.31
2.08
2.14
2.17

28.2
26.6
23.6
19.6
17.2
14.4
11.3
7.9
11.7
9.95
8.81
7.49
5.94
4.2
3.73
3.38
2.94
2.39
1.72
40.6
35.6
29.3
25.5
21.3
16.6
11.6
20.7
17.3
15.2
12.8
10
7.03
10.2
8.71
7.74
6.6
5.24
3.71
25.5
22.3
18.7
14.6
17.8
14.9
13.2

9.39
13.3
11.8
9.8
8.58
7.21
5.65
3.95
7.81
6.63
5.87
4.99
3.96
2.8
3.73
3.38
2.94
2.39
1.72
16.2
14.2
11.7
10.2
8.53
6.65
4.63
10.4
8.63
7.58
6.38
5.02
3.51
6.8
5.81
5.16
4.4
3.5
2.48
10.2
8.91
7.47
5.84
8.89
7.47
6.58

2.46
1.51
1.56
1.61
1.63
1.66
1.69
1.71
1.15
1.2
1.23
1.25
1.28
1.31
0.777
0.802
0.827
0.853
0.879
1.86
1.91
1.97
1.99
2.02
2.05
2.07
1.53
1.58
1.61
1.64
1.66
1.69
1.14
1.19
1.21
1.24
1.26
1.29
1.92
1.95
1.98
2.01
1.5
1.55
1.58

20.9
16.4
11.4
26.8
22.7
20.1
17
13.4
9.43
17.1
15.3
13.1
10.5
7.42
21.2
17.9
15.8
13.4
10.6
16.4
14.1
12.6
10.7
8.53
6.03
9.4
7.51
5.34
10.4
9.35
8.08
6.5
4.65
7.93
7.14
6.15
4.93
3.52
6.13
5.32
4.3
5.6
5.13
4.49
3.66

6.96
5.46
3.81
8.95
7.57
6.69
5.66
4.47
3.14
5.71
5.11
4.37
3.49
2.47
8.49
7.17
6.32
5.35
4.22
6.57
5.65
5.03
4.29
3.41
2.41
3.76
3.01
2.14
4.14
3.74
3.23
2.6
1.86
3.97
3.57
3.07
2.47
1.76
3.07
2.66
2.15
2.8
2.56
2.25
1.83

2.2
2.23
2.26
1.97
2.04
2.07
2.1
2.14
2.17
1.89
1.93
1.97
2.01
2.05
1.75
1.81
1.84
1.87
1.9
1.65
1.72
1.75
1.78
1.82
1.85
1.73
1.77
1.8
1.59
1.63
1.67
1.7
1.74
1.39
1.42
1.45
1.49
1.52
1.38
1.41
1.44
1.29
1.32
1.36
1.39

11.1
8.76
6.15
8.69
7.48
6.67
5.7
4.55
3.23
2.77
2.52
2.21
1.8
1.31
14.9
12.6
11.1
9.46
7.48
7.18
6.25
5.6
4.81
3.85
2.75
3.13
2.53
1.82
2.28
2.1
1.84
1.51
1.1
5.01
4.52
3.91
3.16
2.27
2.89
2.53
2.06
1.8
1.67
1.48
1.22

5.56
4.38
3.08
5.79
4.99
4.45
3.8
3.03
2.15
2.77
2.52
2.21
1.8
1.31
7.43
6.3
5.57
4.73
3.74
4.78
4.16
3.73
3.21
2.57
1.83
2.5
2.03
1.46
2.28
2.1
1.84
1.51
1.1
3.34
3.02
2.61
2.1
1.51
2.32
2.02
1.65
1.8
1.67
1.48
1.22

1.61
1.63
1.66
1.12
1.17
1.19
1.22
1.25
1.27
0.76
0.785
0.81
0.836
0.861
1.46
1.52
1.54
1.57
1.6
1.09
1.14
1.17
1.19
1.22
1.25
0.999
1.02
1.05
0.748
0.772
0.797
0.823
0.848
1.11
1.13
1.16
1.19
1.21
0.947
0.973
0.999
0.729
0.754
0.779
0.804

2.65
4.75
4.34
3.79
3.09
2.23
2.92
2.57
2.11
1.54
2.38
2.13
1.77
1.3
1.68
1.42
1.06
0.817
1.03
0.882
0.668
0.495
0.35

1.32
2.72
2.48
2.17
1.76
1.28
1.94
1.72
1.41
1.03
1.59
1.42
1.18
0.867
1.12
0.945
0.706
0.545
0.822
0.705
0.535
0.495
0.35

1.43
1.18
1.22
1.25
1.28
1.31
1.05
1.08
1.11
1.14
1.01
1.04
1.07
1.1
0.982
1.02
1.05
0.987
0.826
0.86
0.892
0.697
0.643

0.898
2.77
2.54
2.23
1.82
1.33
2.18
1.93
1.59
1.16
1.24
1.11
0.932
0.692
0.543
0.467
0.355
0.138
0.449
0.39
0.3
0.313
0.112

0.898
2.21
2.03
1.78
1.46
1.06
1.74
1.54
1.27
0.931
1.24
1.11
0.932
0.692
0.725
0.622
0.474
0.276
0.599
0.52
0.399
0.417
0.225

0.83
0.904
0.93
0.956
0.983
1.01
0.908
0.935
0.963
0.99
0.725
0.751
0.778
0.804
0.559
0.584
0.61
0.405
0.546
0.572
0.597
0.554
0.365

0.28

0.28

0.679

0.0922

0.184

0.39

Zx (x 10^3)

Zy (x 10^3)

J (x 10^6)

mm

mm

mm4

890
727
553
778
637
485
674
552
421
577
474
362
487
401
307
406
335
256
331
275
211
264
220
169
200
164
126
106
151
124
95.4
80.5
109
89.6
69.2
58.6
47.6
73.2
60.7
47.2
40.1
32.7

890
727
553
778
637
485
674
552
421
577
474
362
487
401
307
406
335
256
331
275
211
264
220
169
200
164
126
106
151
124
95.4
80.5
109
89.6
69.2
58.6
47.6
73.2
60.7
47.2
40.1
32.7

19700
15900
12000
16200
13000
9870
13100
10600
8010
10500
8430
6400
8180
6610
5020
6260
5070
3850
4670
3790
2880
3370
2740
2090
2170
1770
1350
1140
1430
1170
900
759
885
728
561
474
384
498
412
320
271
220

259.83
210.72
159.37
242.82
197.11
149.16
225.8
183.5
138.95
208.79
169.89
128.74
191.78
156.28
118.53
174.76
142.67
108.32
157.75
129.06
98.12
140.73
115.45
87.91
127
103
78.4
65.8
110
89.6
68.2
57.3
93.1
75.9
58
48.8
39.4
76.1
62.3
47.8
40.3
32.6

24.8
44.7
37.5
29.4
25.1
20.5
15.7
33.1
27.9
22.1
18.9
15.5
11.9
23.2
19.8
15.8
13.6
11.2
8.63
5.92
13.1
11.3
9.32
7.19
4.95
13.1
10.6
9.16
7.61
5.89
4.07
10.2
8.36
7.27
6.06
4.71
3.27
7.7
6.39
5.59
4.69
3.67
2.56
4.69
4.14

24.8
44.7
37.5
29.4
25.1
20.5
15.7
33.1
27.9
22.1
18.9
15.5
11.9
23.2
19.8
15.8
13.6
11.2
8.63
5.92
13.1
11.3
9.32
7.19
4.95
13.1
10.6
9.16
7.61
5.89
4.07
10.2
8.36
7.27
6.06
4.71
3.27
7.7
6.39
5.59
4.69
3.67
2.56
4.69
4.14

167
244
204
160
136
111
84.5
158
133
105
89.7
73.5
56.1
94.9
81.1
64.6
55.4
45.6
35
23.9
49
42.2
34.8
26.7
18.3
44.6
36.1
31.2
25.8
19.9
13.7
31.3
25.7
22.3
18.5
14.4
9.92
21
17.5
15.3
12.8
9.96
6.91
11.2
9.89

24.7
59.1
48.7
37.6
31.8
25.8
19.6
50.6
41.9
32.5
27.5
22.4
17.1
42.1
35.1
27.4
23.3
19
14.5
9.85
24.9
21.2
17.3
13.2
9
28.3
22.3
19
15.6
12
8.15
24.9
19.7
16.9
13.9
10.7
7.3
21.5
17.2
14.8
12.2
9.4
6.45
14.6
12.7

3.5
2.76
1.93
3.25
2.9
2.48
1.97
1.4
1.88
1.63
1.32
0.947
1.28
1.04
0.755
0.964
0.797
0.584
0.585
0.491
0.37
0.406
0.309
0.259
0.204
733
601
458
668
548
418
605
497
379
545
448
342
458
378
289
379
313
240
307
255

3.5
2.76
1.93
3.25
2.9
2.48
1.97
1.4
1.88
1.63
1.32
0.947
1.28
1.04
0.755
0.964
0.797
0.584
0.585
0.491
0.37
0.406
0.309
0.259
0.204
604
495
378
575
472
360
546
448
342
517
425
324
432
356
273
355
294
225
286
238

8.35
6.56
4.58
6.64
5.94
5.08
4.03
2.84
3.2
2.79
2.25
1.61
1.96
1.6
1.15
1.31
1.09
0.796
0.699
0.544
0.41
0.414
0.316
0.218
0.174
12600
10100
7670
11400
9220
6990
10300
8330
6320
9240
7460
5660
7150
5780
4390
5400
4370
3330
3960
3220

10.5
8.13
5.6
12.1
10.5
8.78
6.85
4.75
8.4
7.08
5.57
3.9
6.23
4.94
3.47
5.38
4.3
3.04
3.66
3.34
2.41
3.02
2.19
2.38
1.77
225.8
183.5
138.95
217.3
176.7
133.84
208.79
169.89
128.74
200.28
163.08
123.64
183.27
149.47
113.43
166.25
135.86
103.22
149.24
122.25

196
283
236
181
230
188
144
122
185
152
117
98.6
115
89.3
75.6
196
161
123
135
112
86.4
73.1
59.4
165
135
104
87.7
129
106
82.1
69.4
77.3
60.2
51.1
111
85.9
120
98.8
76.3
64.6
52.4
88.7
73.6
57.3
48.6

183
243
203
156
162
132
102
85.8
96.4
79.5
61.5
52
34
26.8
22.9
148
122
93.6
61
50.7
39.5
33.5
27.3
135
111
85.5
72.2
79.2
65.5
50.8
43
27.4
21.7
18.5
100
77.4
95.1
78.5
60.7
51.4
41.8
48.4
40.4
31.6
26.9

2450
3280
2670
2040
1890
1540
1180
997
916
757
586
496
195
156
134
1630
1330
1020
462
387
302
257
210
1370
1120
862
727
681
563
436
369
150
120
103
921
708
832
685
528
446
362
334
279
219
186

93.01
140.73
115.45
87.91
127
103
78.4
65.8
110
89.6
68.2
57.3
75.9
58
48.8
119
96.4
73.3
93.1
75.9
58
48.8
39.4
110
89.6
68.2
57.3
93.1
75.9
58
48.8
62.3
47.8
40.3
82.7
63.1
93.1
75.9
58
48.8
39.4
76.1
62.3
47.8
40.3

39.6
30.1
73.1
61
47.8
40.6
33.2
25.3
78.8
61.1
51.7
42.1
82.1
68.1
53
44.9
36.6
27.8
68.8
57.4
44.8
38.1
31.1
23.7
55.5
46.7
36.7
31.3
25.6
19.6
34.7
29.6
27.9
22.9
17.5
20.1
15.5
51.9
40.5
34.4
28.1
21.4
51.3
43
33.8

22
16.7
28.5
24.1
19.1
16.4
13.5
10.3
69.6
54
45.7
37.2
61.9
51.5
40.1
34.1
27.8
21.1
42.1
35.2
27.7
23.6
19.3
14.7
24.5
20.9
16.6
14.2
11.7
9
14
12.1
10
8.28
6.4
5.08
3.97
44.5
34.8
29.6
24.2
18.4
35.8
30.1
23.7

152
116
148
127
102
87.7
72.4
55.8
545
421
356
289
454
377
293
248
202
153
271
227
178
152
124
94.6
122
105
84.1
72.4
59.8
46.1
64.7
56
41.3
34.5
26.8
15.1
12
288
224
190
155
118
209
176
139

32.6
24.7
67.6
55.5
42.7
36
29.2
22.2
69.1
52.9
44.6
36
76.1
62.3
47.8
40.3
32.6
24.7
67.6
55.5
42.7
36
29.2
22.2
59.1
48.7
37.6
31.8
25.8
19.6
36.3
30.7
29.7
24.1
18.3
22.4
17.1
55.5
42.7
36
29.2
22.2
59.1
48.7
37.6

28.8
23.6
18
30.4
26
21.3
16.3
40.3
34.1
27
23.1
19
14.6
13.7
23.7
20.3
16.7
12.8
8.8
20.3
17.5
14.4
11.1
48.3
40.5
31.8
27.1
22.2
16.9
38.5
32.5
25.7
22
18.1
13.8
24.6
19.7
16.9
14
10.8
36.1
30.5
24.1
20.6
16.9

20.2
16.6
12.7
18.7
16
13.2
10.1
20.6
17.6
14
12.1
9.96
7.66
6.52
9.73
8.42
6.99
5.41
3.74
5.76
5.06
4.26
3.34
40.5
34
26.7
22.8
18.7
14.3
25.3
21.5
17.1
14.6
12
9.25
10.8
8.8
7.63
6.35
4.92
29.5
24.9
19.8
16.9
13.9

118
96.7
73.8
100
86
70.7
54.1
95.7
82.6
66.5
57.3
47.4
36.5
28.6
37.8
33
27.6
21.5
14.9
15.9
14.2
12.2
9.74
235
197
154
131
107
81.7
128
109
86.9
74.4
61.2
46.9
40
33.1
28.9
24.2
18.9
150
127
100
85.8
70.3

31.8
25.8
19.6
35.1
29.7
24.1
18.3
50.6
41.9
32.5
27.5
22.4
17.1
16.4
30
25.4
20.7
15.8
10.7
27.4
23.3
19
14.5
59.1
48.7
37.6
31.8
25.8
19.6
50.6
41.9
32.5
27.5
22.4
17.1
35.1
27.4
23.3
19
14.5
50.6
41.9
32.5
27.5
22.4

13
27.4
23.5
18.8
16.1
13.3
10.2
7.02
20
16.1
13.9
11.5
8.87
6.11
13.4
11.6
9.68
7.51
5.19
25.6
21.9
17.5
15
12.4
9.52
6.53
18.8
15.1
13.1
10.8
8.33
5.73
15.8
12.8
11.1
9.22
7.14
4.93
13.8
11.9
9.87
7.62
14.6
11.9
10.3

10.7
16.6
14.3
11.5
9.91
8.2
6.33
4.36
9.64
7.88
6.84
5.7
4.43
3.07
4.61
4.06
3.43
2.7
1.9
20.2
17.3
13.8
11.9
9.83
7.57
5.2
12.6
10.2
8.83
7.33
5.67
3.91
8.46
6.95
6.05
5.06
3.94
2.73
12.2
10.5
8.72
6.73
11
8.94
7.75

53.7
70.3
61.1
49.3
42.6
35.3
27.2
18.7
34.3
28.5
24.9
20.8
16.2
11.3
12.1
10.9
9.36
7.48
5.3
88.5
75.8
60.6
52.1
42.9
32.9
22.5
50.5
41
35.4
29.3
22.7
15.6
28.6
23.9
20.9
17.5
13.7
9.48
48.1
41.4
34.2
26.3
40.3
32.8
28.4

17.1
42.1
35.1
27.4
23.3
19
14.5
9.85
31.7
24.9
21.2
17.3
13.2
9
22.3
19
15.6
12
8.15
42.1
35.1
27.4
23.3
19
14.5
9.85
31.7
24.9
21.2
17.3
13.2
9
28.3
22.3
19
15.6
12
8.15
24.9
21.2
17.3
13.2
28.3
22.3
19

8.53
6.6
4.56
12.1
9.9
8.61
7.19
5.59
3.87
7.93
6.95
5.84
4.58
3.19
10.9
8.96
7.79
6.49
5.05
8.83
7.34
6.42
5.38
4.21
2.93
4.83
3.79
2.65
5.71
5.05
4.27
3.37
2.37
5.12
4.51
3.81
3
2.11
3.97
3.38
2.67
3.84
3.43
2.94
2.34

6.45
5
3.46
7.28
6.03
5.27
4.41
3.45
2.4
3.46
3.07
2.61
2.07
1.46
9.35
7.67
6.67
5.57
4.34
6.1
5.1
4.48
3.77
2.96
2.07
2.95
2.33
1.64
2.88
2.57
2.2
1.75
1.24
4.18
3.69
3.12
2.46
1.73
2.85
2.43
1.93
2.31
2.08
1.79
1.43

23.6
18.2
12.6
23.1
19.3
16.9
14.2
11.1
7.73
8.42
7.6
6.55
5.24
3.72
30.3
24.9
21.7
18
14
17.6
14.9
13.1
11
8.64
6.02
7.93
6.26
4.4
6.61
5.99
5.17
4.15
2.95
10.6
9.41
7.96
6.26
4.38
6.77
5.78
4.59
4.83
4.4
3.82
3.08

15.6
12
8.15
24.9
19.7
16.9
13.9
10.7
7.3
17.2
14.8
12.2
9.4
6.45
24.9
19.7
16.9
13.9
10.7
21.5
17.2
14.8
12.2
9.4
6.45
11.3
8.77
6.02
14.6
12.7
10.5
8.13
5.6
14.6
12.7
10.5
8.13
5.6
11.6
9.63
7.49
12.1
10.5
8.78
6.85

1.66
3.59
3.2
2.74
2.18
1.54
2.51
2.16
1.73
1.23
2.11
1.83
1.48
1.06
1.51
1.24
0.895
0.728
1.11
0.915
0.671
0.639
0.48

1.02
2.82
2.52
2.16
1.72
1.22
2.2
1.9
1.52
1.09
1.58
1.38
1.12
0.803
0.911
0.752
0.55
0.325
0.764
0.636
0.469
0.521
0.288

2.2
6.16
5.53
4.75
3.78
2.67
4.34
3.74
3
2.13
2.87
2.52
2.05
1.47
1.44
1.21
0.886
0.408
1.1
0.929
0.687
0.664
0.301

4.75
12.1
10.5
8.78
6.85
4.75
9.46
7.93
6.21
4.32
8.4
7.08
5.57
3.9
6.23
4.94
3.47
3.04
5.38
4.3
3.04
3.66
3.02

0.366

0.223

0.238

2.19

Round HSS and Pipe Properties


Shape
HSS20.000x0.500
HSS20.000x0.375
HSS18.000x0.500
HSS18.000x0.375
HSS16.000x0.500
HSS16.000x0.438
HSS16.000x0.375
HSS16.000x0.312
HSS14.000x0.500
HSS14.000x0.375
HSS14.000x0.312
HSS12.750x0.500
HSS12.750x0.375
HSS12.750x0.250
HSS12.500x0.625
HSS12.500x0.500
HSS12.500x0.375
HSS12.500x0.312
HSS12.500x0.250
HSS12.500x0.188
HSS11.250x0.625
HSS11.250x0.500
HSS11.250x0.375
HSS11.250x0.312
HSS11.250x0.250
HSS11.250x0.188
HSS10.750x0.500
HSS10.750x0.250
HSS10.000x0.625
HSS10.000x0.500
HSS10.000x0.375
HSS10.000x0.312
HSS10.000x0.250
HSS10.000x0.188
HSS9.625x0.500
HSS9.625x0.375
HSS9.625x0.312
HSS9.625x0.250
HSS9.625x0.188
HSS8.750x0.500
HSS8.750x0.375
HSS8.750x0.312

kg/m

mm

341
258
307
232
272
239
205
172
237
179
150
215
163
110
260
210
159
134
107
81
233
189
143
120
96
73
180
92
205
167
127
106
86
65
160
122
102
82
62
145
110
92

28.5
21.5
25.6
19.4
22.7
19.9
17.2
14.4
19.8
15
12.5
17.9
13.6
9.16
21.8
17.6
13.3
11.2
8.98
6.74
19.5
15.8
12
10
8.06
6.05
15
7.7
17.2
13.9
10.6
8.88
7.15
5.37
13.4
10.2
8.53
6.87
5.17
12.1
9.21
7.73

O.D.

I.D.

mm

mm

mm

20
20
18
18
16
16
16
16
14
14
14
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
11.25
11.25
11.25
11.25
11.25
11.25
10.75
10.75
10
10
10
10
10
10
9.625
9.625
9.625
9.625
9.625
8.75
8.75
8.75

19.07
19.302
17.07
17.302
15.07
15.186
15.302
15.418
13.07
13.302
13.418
11.82
12.052
12.284
11.338
11.57
11.802
11.918
12.034
12.152
10.088
10.32
10.552
10.668
10.784
10.902
9.82
10.284
8.838
9.07
9.302
9.418
9.534
9.652
8.695
8.927
9.043
9.159
9.277
7.82
8.052
8.168

0.465
0.349
0.465
0.349
0.465
0.407
0.349
0.291
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.465
0.349
0.233
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.233
0.581
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291

HSS8.750x0.250
HSS8.750x0.188
HSS8.625x0.500
HSS8.625x0.375
HSS8.625x0.322
HSS8.625x0.250
HSS8.625x0.188
HSS7.625x0.125
HSS7.500x0.500
HSS7.500x0.375
HSS7.500x0.312
HSS7.500x0.250
HSS7.500x0.188
HSS7.000x0.500
HSS7.000x0.375
HSS7.000x0.312
HSS7.000x0.250
HSS7.000x0.188
HSS7.000x0.125
HSS6.875x0.500
HSS6.875x0.375
HSS6.875x0.312
HSS6.875x0.250
HSS6.875x0.188
HSS6.625x0.500
HSS6.625x0.432
HSS6.625x0.375
HSS6.625x0.312
HSS6.625x0.280
HSS6.625x0.250
HSS6.625x0.188
HSS6.625x0.125
HSS6.125x0.500
HSS6.125x0.375
HSS6.125x0.312
HSS6.125x0.250
HSS6.125x0.188
HSS6.000x0.500
HSS6.000x0.375
HSS6.000x0.312
HSS6.000x0.280
HSS6.000x0.250
HSS6.000x0.188
HSS6.000x0.125
HSS5.563x0.375

74
56
142
109
94
73
56
33
123
94
79
64
48
114
87
73
59
45
30
112
86
72
58
44
107
94
82
69
62
56
42
29
99
76
64
52
39
96
74
62
56
51
38
26
68

6.23
4.69
11.9
9.07
7.85
6.14
4.62
2.74
10.3
7.84
6.59
5.32
4
9.55
7.29
6.13
4.95
3.73
2.51
9.36
7.16
6.02
4.86
3.66
9
7.88
6.88
5.79
5.22
4.68
3.53
2.37
8.27
6.33
5.33
4.31
3.25
8.09
6.2
5.22
4.71
4.22
3.18
2.14
5.72

8.75
8.75
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
8.625
7.625
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.5
7
7
7
7
7
7
6.875
6.875
6.875
6.875
6.875
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.625
6.125
6.125
6.125
6.125
6.125
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
5.563

8.284
8.402
7.695
7.927
8.025
8.159
8.277
7.393
6.57
6.802
6.918
7.034
7.152
6.07
6.302
6.418
6.534
6.652
6.768
5.945
6.177
6.293
6.409
6.527
5.695
5.819
5.927
6.043
6.103
6.159
6.277
6.393
5.195
5.427
5.543
5.659
5.777
5.07
5.302
5.418
5.478
5.534
5.652
5.768
4.865

0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.3
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.403
0.349
0.291
0.261
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.233
0.174
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.261
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.349

HSS5.563x0.258
HSS5.563x0.188
HSS5.563x0.134
HSS5.500x0.500
HSS5.500x0.375
HSS5.500x0.258
HSS5.000x0.500
HSS5.000x0.375
HSS5.000x0.312
HSS5.000x0.258
HSS5.000x0.250
HSS5.000x0.188
HSS5.000x0.125
HSS4.500x0.337
HSS4.500x0.237
HSS4.500x0.188
HSS4.500x0.125
HSS4.000x0.337
HSS4.000x0.313
HSS4.000x0.250
HSS4.000x0.237
HSS4.000x0.226
HSS4.000x0.220
HSS4.000x0.188
HSS4.000x0.125
HSS3.500x0.313
HSS3.500x0.300
HSS3.500x0.250
HSS3.500x0.216
HSS3.500x0.203
HSS3.500x0.188
HSS3.500x0.125
HSS3.000x0.300
HSS3.000x0.250
HSS3.000x0.216
HSS3.000x0.203
HSS3.000x0.188
HSS3.000x0.152
HSS3.000x0.134
HSS3.000x0.120
HSS2.875x0.250
HSS2.875x0.203
HSS2.875x0.188
HSS2.875x0.125
HSS2.500x0.250

48
35
26
88
67
48
79
61
51
43
42
32
21
49
35
28
19
43
40
33
31
30
29
25
17
35
34
29
25
23
22
15
28
24
21
20
19
15
13
12
23
19
18
12
20

4.03
2.95
2.14
7.36
5.65
3.98
6.62
5.1
4.3
3.6
3.49
2.64
1.78
4.14
2.97
2.36
1.6
3.65
3.39
2.76
2.62
2.51
2.44
2.09
1.42
2.93
2.83
2.39
2.08
1.97
1.82
1.23
2.39
2.03
1.77
1.67
1.54
1.27
1.13
1.02
1.93
1.59
1.48
1.01
1.66

5.563
5.563
5.563
5.5
5.5
5.5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.875
2.5

5.081
5.215
5.313
4.57
4.802
5.018
4.07
4.302
4.418
4.518
4.534
4.652
4.768
3.87
4.058
4.152
4.268
3.37
3.418
3.534
3.558
3.578
3.59
3.652
3.768
2.918
2.94
3.034
3.098
3.122
3.152
3.268
2.44
2.534
2.598
2.622
2.652
2.716
2.75
2.776
2.409
2.497
2.527
2.643
2.034

0.241
0.174
0.125
0.465
0.349
0.241
0.465
0.349
0.291
0.241
0.233
0.174
0.116
0.315
0.221
0.174
0.116
0.315
0.291
0.233
0.221
0.211
0.205
0.174
0.116
0.291
0.28
0.233
0.201
0.189
0.174
0.116
0.28
0.233
0.201
0.189
0.174
0.142
0.125
0.112
0.233
0.189
0.174
0.116
0.233

HSS2.500x0.188
HSS2.500x0.125
HSS2.375x0.250
HSS2.375x0.218
HSS2.375x0.188
HSS2.375x0.154
HSS2.375x0.125
HSS1.900x0.145

15
10
19
17
14
12
10
9

1.27
0.869
1.57
1.39
1.2
1
0.823
0.749

2.5
2.5
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
2.375
1.9

2.152
2.268
1.909
1.967
2.027
2.089
2.143
1.63

0.174
0.116
0.233
0.204
0.174
0.143
0.116
0.135

HSS1.660x0.140

0.625

1.66

1.4

0.13

PIPE1/2STD
PIPE3/4STD
PIPE1STD
PIPE1-1/4STD
PIPE1-1/2STD

3
4
6
7
9

0.25
0.333
0.494
0.669
0.799

0.84
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.9

0.622
0.824
1.05
1.38
1.61

0.109
0.113
0.133
0.14
0.145

PIPE2STD
PIPE2-1/2STD
PIPE3STD
PIPE3-1/2STD
PIPE4STD
PIPE5STD
PIPE6STD
PIPE8STD
PIPE10STD
PIPE12STD
PIPE1/2XS
PIPE3/4XS
PIPE1XS
PIPE1-1/4XS
PIPE1-1/2XS
PIPE2XS
PIPE2-1/2XS
PIPE3XS
PIPE3-1/2XS
PIPE4XS
PIPE5XS
PIPE6XS
PIPE8XS
PIPE10XS
PIPE12XS
PIPE2XXS
PIPE2-1/2XXS
PIPE3XXS
PIPE4XXS
PIPE5XXS

12
19
25
30
35
48
62
94
133
163
4
5
7
10
12
17
25
34
41
49
68
94
142
180
215
30
45
61
91
127

1.07
1.7
2.23
2.68
3.17
4.3
5.58
8.4
11.9
14.6
0.32
0.433
0.639
0.881
1.07
1.48
2.25
3.02
3.68
4.41
6.11
8.4
12.8
16.1
19.2
2.66
4.03
5.47
8.1
11.3

2.38
2.88
3.5
4
4.5
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.8
12.8
0.84
1.05
1.32
1.66
1.9
2.38
2.88
3.5
4
4.5
5.56
6.63
8.63
10.8
12.8
2.38
2.88
3.5
4.5
5.56

2.07
2.47
3.07
3.55
4.03
5.05
6.07
7.98
10
12
0.546
0.742
0.957
1.28
1.5
1.94
2.32
2.9
3.36
3.83
4.81
5.76
7.63
9.75
11.8
1.5
1.77
2.3
3.15
4.06

0.154
0.203
0.216
0.226
0.237
0.258
0.28
0.322
0.365
0.375
0.147
0.154
0.179
0.191
0.2
0.218
0.276
0.3
0.318
0.337
0.375
0.432
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.436
0.552
0.6
0.674
0.75

PIPE6XXS

175

15.6

6.63

4.9

0.864

PIPE8XXS

238

21.3

8.63

6.88

0.875

operties
I (x 106)

S (x 103)

J (x 106)

mm4

mm3

mm

mm4

1360
1040
985
754
685
606
526
443
453
349
295
339
262
180
387
319
246
208
169
128
278
229
178
151
122
92.9
199
106
191
159
123
105
85.3
64.8
141
110
93
75.9
57.7
104
81.4
69.3

136
104
109
83.8
85.7
75.8
65.7
55.4
64.8
49.8
42.1
53.2
41
28.2
62
51
39.4
33.3
27
20.5
49.4
40.8
31.6
26.8
21.8
16.5
37
19.8
38.3
31.7
24.7
20.9
17.1
13
29.2
22.8
19.3
15.8
12
23.8
18.6
15.8

6.91
6.95
6.2
6.24
5.49
5.51
5.53
5.55
4.79
4.83
4.85
4.35
4.39
4.43
4.22
4.26
4.3
4.32
4.34
4.36
3.78
3.82
3.86
3.88
3.9
3.92
3.64
3.72
3.34
3.38
3.41
3.43
3.45
3.47
3.24
3.28
3.3
3.32
3.34
2.93
2.97
2.99

2720
2080
1970
1510
1370
1210
1050
886
907
698
589
678
523
359
774
638
492
416
338
256
556
459
355
301
245
186
398
213
383
317
247
209
171
130
281
219
186
152
115
208
163
139

104
78.7
93.5
70.7
82.8
72.9
62.6
52.3
72.2
54.6
45.7
65.5
49.6
33.4
79.3
64.1
48.6
40.7
32.7
24.7
71
57.5
43.6
36.5
29.4
22.2
54.8
28.1
62.6
50.8
38.6
32.3
26.1
19.7
48.8
37.1
31.1
25.1
19
44.1
33.6
28.1

56.6
43.1
99.5
77.8
68.1
54.1
41.3
19.3
63.9
50.2
42.9
35.2
26.9
51.2
40.4
34.6
28.4
21.7
14.9
48.3
38.2
32.7
26.8
20.6
42.9
38.3
34
29.1
26.5
23.9
18.4
12.6
33.3
26.5
22.7
18.7
14.4
31.2
24.8
21.3
19.4
17.6
13.5
9.28
19.5

12.9
9.86
23.1
18
15.8
12.5
9.57
5.06
17
13.4
11.4
9.37
7.17
14.6
11.6
9.88
8.11
6.21
4.25
14.1
11.1
9.51
7.81
5.99
13
11.6
10.3
8.79
7.99
7.22
5.54
3.79
10.9
8.66
7.43
6.12
4.71
10.4
8.28
7.11
6.47
5.86
4.51
3.09
7.02

3.01
3.03
2.89
2.93
2.95
2.97
2.99
2.66
2.49
2.53
2.55
2.57
2.59
2.32
2.35
2.37
2.39
2.41
2.43
2.27
2.31
2.33
2.35
2.37
2.18
2.2
2.22
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.28
2.3
2.01
2.05
2.07
2.08
2.1
1.96
2
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.06
2.08
1.85

113
86.2
199
156
136
108
82.5
38.6
128
100
85.8
70.3
53.8
102
80.9
69.1
56.8
43.5
29.7
96.7
76.4
65.4
53.7
41.1
85.9
76.6
68
58.2
52.9
47.9
36.7
25.1
66.7
53
45.5
37.5
28.8
62.4
49.7
42.6
38.8
35.2
27
18.6
39

22.7
17.2
43.4
33.1
28.6
22.4
17
10
37.4
28.6
24
19.4
14.7
34.7
26.6
22.3
18
13.7
9.19
34.1
26.1
21.9
17.7
13.4
32.7
28.6
25.1
21.1
19
17
12.9
8.69
30.1
23.1
19.4
15.7
11.9
29.4
22.5
19
17.1
15.4
11.7
7.85
20.8

14.3
10.7
7.9
23.5
18.8
13.8
17.2
13.9
12
10.2
9.94
7.69
5.31
9.12
6.82
5.54
3.84
6.24
5.87
4.91
4.7
4.52
4.41
3.83
2.67
3.81
3.7
3.21
2.84
2.7
2.52
1.77
2.24
1.95
1.74
1.66
1.55
1.3
1.17
1.06
1.7
1.45
1.35
0.958
1.08

5.14
3.85
2.84
8.55
6.84
5.02
6.88
5.55
4.79
4.09
3.97
3.08
2.12
4.05
3.03
2.46
1.71
3.12
2.93
2.45
2.35
2.26
2.21
1.92
1.34
2.18
2.11
1.83
1.63
1.54
1.44
1.01
1.49
1.3
1.16
1.1
1.03
0.87
0.779
0.707
1.18
1.01
0.941
0.667
0.862

1.88
1.91
1.92
1.79
1.83
1.86
1.61
1.65
1.67
1.68
1.69
1.71
1.73
1.48
1.51
1.53
1.55
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.35
1.37
1.14
1.14
1.16
1.17
1.17
1.18
1.2
0.967
0.982
0.992
0.996
1
1.01
1.02
1.02
0.938
0.952
0.957
0.976
0.806

28.6
21.4
15.8
47
37.6
27.6
34.4
27.7
24
20.5
19.9
15.4
10.6
18.2
13.6
11.1
7.68
12.5
11.7
9.82
9.4
9.04
8.83
7.67
5.34
7.61
7.4
6.41
5.69
5.41
5.04
3.53
4.47
3.9
3.48
3.31
3.1
2.61
2.34
2.12
3.4
2.89
2.7
1.92
2.15

14.6
10.8
7.78
26.7
20.5
14.5
24.1
18.5
15.6
13.1
12.7
9.67
6.51
15
10.8
8.67
5.85
13.2
12.3
10
9.53
9.12
8.89
7.66
5.18
10.7
10.3
8.69
7.58
7.15
6.66
4.51
8.66
7.35
6.43
6.07
5.65
4.63
4.11
3.69
7.02
5.8
5.4
3.67
6.01

0.865
0.619
0.91
0.827
0.733
0.627
0.527
0.293

0.692
0.495
0.766
0.696
0.617
0.528
0.443
0.309

0.825
0.844
0.762
0.771
0.781
0.791
0.8
0.626

1.73
1.24
1.82
1.65
1.47
1.25
1.05
0.586

4.65
3.17
5.68
5.03
4.4
3.66
3.01
2.72

0.184

0.222

0.543

0.368

2.27

0.0171
0.037
0.0873
0.195
0.31

0.0407
0.0705
0.133
0.235
0.326

0.261
0.334
0.421
0.54
0.623

0.0342
0.0741
0.175
0.389
0.62

0.852
1.13
1.68
2.27
2.72

0.666
1.53
3.02
4.79
7.23
15.2
28.1
72.5
161
279
0.0201
0.0448
0.106
0.242
0.391
0.868
1.92
3.89
6.28
9.61
20.7
40.5
106
212
362
1.31
2.87
5.99
15.3
33.6

0.561
1.06
1.72
2.39
3.21
5.45
8.5
16.8
29.9
43.8
0.0478
0.0853
0.161
0.291
0.412
0.731
1.34
2.23
3.14
4.27
7.43
12.2
24.5
39.4
56.7
1.1
2
3.42
6.79
12.1

0.787
0.947
1.16
1.34
1.51
1.88
2.25
2.94
3.67
4.38
0.25
0.321
0.407
0.524
0.605
0.766
0.924
1.14
1.31
1.48
1.84
2.19
2.88
3.63
4.33
0.703
0.844
1.05
1.37
1.72

1.33
3.06
6.03
9.58
14.5
30.3
56.3
145
321
559
0.0402
0.0896
0.211
0.484
0.782
1.74
3.85
7.79
12.6
19.2
41.3
81
211
424
723
2.62
5.74
12
30.6
67.3

3.66
5.8
7.58
9.12
10.8
14.6
19
28.6
40.5
49.6
1.09
1.48
2.17
3
3.63
5.03
7.67
10.3
12.5
15
20.8
28.6
43.4
54.8
65.5
9.04
13.7
18.6
27.6
38.6

66.3

20

2.06

133

53.2

162

37.6

2.76

324

72.5

Plates

P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
P14
P15
P16
P17
P18
P19
P20
P21
P22
P23
P24
P25
P26
P27
P28
P29
P30
P31

t (mm)
3.18
4.76
6.35
7.94
9.53
11.11
12.70
14.29
15.88
17.46
19.05
20.64
22.23
23.81
25.40
28.58
31.75
34.93
38.10
41.28
44.45
47.63
50.80
53.98
57.15
60.33
63.50
66.68
69.85
73.03
76.20

0.125
0.1875
0.25
0.3125
0.375
0.4375
0.5
0.5625
0.625
0.6875
0.75
0.8125
0.875
0.9375
1
1.125
1.25
1.375
1.5
1.625
1.75
1.875
2
2.125
2.25
2.375
2.5
2.625
2.75
2.875
3