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TOEFL: For Academic Institutions: Compare Scores

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https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/

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ETS Home > TOEFL > For Institutions > Scores > Compare Scores

As the maker of the TOEFL test, ETS aims to give you the
information you need to make the best admissions decisions for your
institution. That's why we've conducted research to develop these
helpful tools that make it easier for you to compare TOEFL iBT
scores to the IELTS academic module and the Common European
Framework of Reference (CEFR).

Score Com parison Tool


Drag the slider to the TOEFL iBT Total Score (or enter it in the box
below) to see the IELTS Overall Band Score.

O verview
ETS developed the score comparison tool to help score users make
educated admissions decisions by allowing them to compare TOEFL
iBT scores to IELTS Band Scores. The data is based on the analysis of
1,153 individuals who took both the TOEFL test and the IELTS
academic test.

Based on the research reports that link TOEFL iBT scores to IELTS
scores, ETS developed these comparison tables to help you make
informed admissions decisions.

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TOEFL: For Academic Institutions: Compare Scores

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https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/

ETS does not endorse using the tables to calculate cut scores.
Institutions wishing to set cut scores should study the two tests and
work with test results to set cut scores that are appropriate to meet
their specific needs.
TOEFL Score

IELTS Band

031

04

3234

4.5

3545

4659*

5.5

6078*

7993*

6.5

94101*

102109*

7.5

110114

115117

8.5

118120

TOEFL
Reading

IELTS
Reading

02

04

4.5

47*

812*

5.5

1318*

1923*

6.5

2426*

2728*

7.5

29*

29*

8.5

30

TOEFL

IELTS

Listening

Listening

02

04

4.5

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TOEFL: For Academic Institutions: Compare Scores

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TOEFL

IELTS

Listening

Listening

46

711*

5.5

1219*

2023*

6.5

2426*

27*

7.5

28*

29*

8.5

30

TOEFL

IELTS

Speaking

Speaking

011

04

1213

4.5

1415*

1617*

5.5

1819*

2022*

6.5

23*

2425*

7.5

2627*

2829*

8.5

30

https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/

TOEFL Writing IELTS Writing


011

04

1213

4.5

1417*

1820*

5.5

2123*

2426*

6.5

2728*

29

7.5

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TOEFL: For Academic Institutions: Compare Scores

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https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/

TOEFL Writing IELTS Writing


30

30

8.5

30

*Indicates score comparison ranges with the highest degree of confidence. The data is
based on the analysis of 1,153 individuals who took both the TOEFL test and the
IELTS academic module.

Research
Linking TOEFL iBT Scores to IELTS Scores A Research Report
(PDF)
ETS conducted score comparison research between the TOEFL test
and an alternative test, IELTS academic. For the research, ETS
obtained a sample of 1,153 students who had both IELTS and TOEFL
scores. Under this approach, TOEFL iBT score ranges are identified
for test takers meeting a particular score level on the equivalent
IELTS score band. The score comparison results for each section
(Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing) and for the total test
showed that most of the students in the sample scored in the middle to
mid-high score ranges on both tests.

In 2006, as the TOEFL iBT test was being introduced, ETS conducted
a standard-setting exercise with educators to map the new scores to
the CEFR levels.
Since the time of that study, ETS has been closely monitoring the
needs of TOEFL iBT score users and how they make use of CEFR
levels and TOEFL iBT cut scores to inform their policies and
decisions. ETS has also received extensive feedback from universities
and teachers of English about the levels of performance in an
academic setting represented by different CEFR levels and TOEFL
score levels.
Based on this feedback from the field, ETS has adjusted the TOEFL
scores corresponding to different CEFR levels, so that the scores more
closely reflect performance described in the CEFR levels.

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TOEFL: For Academic Institutions: Compare Scores

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https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/

ETS adjusted TOEFL iBT scores using the test's Standard Error of
Measurement (SEM). An SEM is found in every test, and quantifies
the reliability of test scores that is, the extent to which test takers
would earn the same test score if they took different versions of the
test on different occasions. Using commonly accepted educational
measurement practice, ETS adjusted the TOEFL score requirements
by two SEMs.

Com parison Table


Below are the adjusted TOEFL iBT scores mapped to their
corresponding CEFR levels.
CEFR
level

Reading
(030)

Listening
(030)

Speaking
(030)

Writing
(030)

Total
(0120)

C1 or

24

22

25

24

95

B2

18

17

20

17

72

B1

16

13

42

A2

n/a

n/a

10

n/a

above

The Association between TOEFL iBT Test Scores and the Common
European Framework of Reference (CEFR) Levels (PDF)
This 2015 study presents the rationale for the revision of the TOEFL
iBT scores mapped to the Common European Framework of
Reference (CEFR) levels that were originally mapped in Linking
English-language Test Scores onto the Common European
Framework of Reference (2008) (PDF).

Find answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about


comparing TOEFL scores.
IELTS is a registered trademark of the University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations
Syndicate.

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TOEFL: For Academic Institutions: Compare Scores

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https://www.ets.org/toefl/institutions/scores/compare/

TOEFL iBT Speaking Section Scoring Guide (PDF)


TOEFL iBT Writing Section Scoring Guide (PDF)
Performance Feedback Brochure (PDF)
Supplementary Comparison Tables for the TOEFL iBT Section
Scores (PDF)

ETS Measuring the Power of Learning.


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