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# Laura Boren

## MATH 1040 Skittles Data Project

Group 2
For our project in MATH 1040 everyone in the class was asked to buy a 2.17 individual
sized bag of skittles and count the number of each color of candy in the bag. The class data was
compiled and we used it for a number of different exercises involving a different aspect of
statistics.
For the first part of the project, we determined the proportion of each color of candy and
created a Pareto chart and a pie chart for the total number of each color of candies in the entire
class. We compared the class data to our own personal data and noted any similarities or
differences.
For part 2 of the project we used the skittles data to create statistics summaries of the
mean, standard deviation and 5-number summary. We made a frequency histogram of the total
number of candies as well as a box plot. Individually, I also wrote a paragraph about the
significance of different qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis.
The last part of the project involved confidence intervals. We found 3 different
confidence intervals for the population proportion, mean, and standard deviation and wrote an
analysis about what each confidence interval meant.

Intro to Stats
Term Project Part 2

Group Work
1. Determine the proportion of each color within the overall sample gathered by the class.
a. First I would hypothesize that the overall proportions of the classes Skittles will end up
with all five colors being roughly equal. I have no data to support this hypothesis as I am
not a fan of Skittles and havent previously purchased much of the product. I would
assume that equal parts of each color are added into some sort of machine that
randomizes them before dispensing them into the package. With my hypothesis I think
given a large enough a sample from the same batch would yield equal color distribution.
2.

Jonica Whitmore
Math 1040
9/15/2016
Term Project Part 3 Group 2 Portion

## Mean and Standard Deviation of Total Candies

1. Mean 58.2
2. Standard Deviation 9
3. 5-Number Summary 29,57,59,62,80

Histogram

Table 1
Skittles

## Class Count Proportion My Count My Proportion

Red Skittles

275

0.225

14

0.241

Orange Skittles

226

0.185

0.121

Green Skittles

232

0.19

13

0.224

Purple Skittles

243

0.199

10

0.172

Yellow Skittles

247

0.202

14

0.241

Jonica Whitmore
Math 1040 - Statistics
Term Project 4 - Individual Portion
In a paragraph, explain in general the purpose and meaning of a confidence interval.
A confidence interval is a range of values that act as a good estimate of unknown parameters.
Calculated from observations. The confidence level is how certain we are of the parameters.
Factors that affect a confidence interval size are sample size, level of confidence and population
size. The larger the population the better the estimate.