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5-36

API STANDARD 650

W
DP

One 6 mm (1/4 in.) telltale hole


in reinforcing plate,
on horizontal centerline

1
DR/2

DO

Arc distance

DR

DP
DR

Bend reinforcing plate to


radius of tank shell

Alternative shape
for low-type nozzles
DR/2

See Detail A or B for


bottom edge

J
J

J
t

Circular

Reinforcing Plate

OD

OD

OD
(See Figure 5-7b)

J
t

(See Figure 5-7b)

(See Figure 5-7b)

HN

Victaulic groove
or threads
Tank bottom
B

B
Double Flange

Single Flange

Special Flange

Regular-type Flanged Nozzles, NPS 3 or Larger


(Bolt holes shall straddle flange centerlines)
Nozzle CL
(See Figure 5-7b)

(See Note 1)

C
T

Chip
(See Note 1)

T
t

(See Note 1)

60

t /2 [6 mm (1/4 in.) minimum]


(See Note 5)

Detail A
Detail B
Low-type Flanged Nozzles, NPS 3 or Larger
(Bolt holes shall straddle flange centerlines)
NOTES
1. See 5.1.5.7 for information on the size of welds.
2. See 5.8.9 for information on the couplings used in shell nozzles.
3. Nozzles NPS 3 or larger require reinforcement.

4. Details of welding bevels may vary from those shown if agreed to


by the Purchaser.
5. Shop weld not attached to bottom plate.
6. See 5.7.6.2 for information on supplying nozzles flush or with an
internal projection.

Figure 5.8Shell Nozzles (see Tables 5.6a, 5.6b, 5.7a, 5.7b, 5.8a, and 5.8b)

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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Diamond

WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE

5-37

Low type

Regular

Dimension
A = size of
fillet weld A
(see Note 1)

J
0

A
(see Note 1)

10 mm (3/8 in.)
maximum

11/4 tmin
(see Note 2)

10 mm (3/8 in.)
maximum
11/4 tmin
(see Note 2)

CL
45
HN

Shell

Shell
1.5 mm (1/16 in.)

A
(see Note 1)

Bottom

Bottom

Shell

Bottom

Type A

Type B

Shell

Bottom
Type C

Type D

Couplings and Flanged Fittings, NPS 3/4 Through NPS 2 (see Note 3)
NOTES (continued)
7. See Table 5.7a and Table 5. 7b, Column 6.
8. tmin shall be 19 mm (3/4 in.) or the thickness of either part joined by the fillet weld, whichever is less.
9. The construction details apply to unreinforced threaded, non-threaded, and flanged nozzles.

Figure 5.8Shell Nozzles (continued)


Table 5.6aDimensions for Shell Nozzles (SI)
Dimensions in millimeters
Column 1
NPS
(Size of
Nozzle)

Column 2

Column 3

Nominal
Thickness
Outside
Diameter of of Flanged
Nozzle Pipe
Pipe
Walla
OD
tn

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Length of
Diameter of
Side of
Width of
Hole in
Reinforcing Reinforcing
Reinforcing
Plateb or
Plate
Plate
Diameter
W
DR
L = Do

Column 7
Minimum
Distance
from Shellto-Flange
Face
J

Column 8

Column 9c

Minimum Distance from


Bottom of Tank to Center
of Nozzle
Regular
Typed
HN

Low Type
C

Flanged Fittings
1524.0

1528

3068

3703

400

1641

1534

54

1371.6

1375

2763

3341

400

1488

1382

52

1320.8

1324

2661

3214

400

1437

1331

1270.0

1274

2560

3093

400

1387

1280

1219.2

1222

2455

2970

400

1334

1230

46

1168.4

1172

2355

2845

400

1284

1180

44

1117.6

1121

2255

2725

375

1234

1125

1066.8

1070

2155

2605

375

1184

1075

1016.0

1019

2050

2485

375

1131

1025

38

965.2

968

1950

2355

350

1081

975

36

914.4

918

1850

2235

350

1031

925

863.6

867

1745

2115

325

979

875

812.8

816

1645

1995

325

929

820

762.0

765

1545

1865

300

879

770

60

50
48

42
40

34
32
30

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Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
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Not for Resale, 05/03/2013 13:46:43 MDT

5-38

API STANDARD 650

Table 5.6aDimensions for Shell Nozzles (SI) (Continued)


Dimensions in millimeters
Column 1
NPS
(Size of
Nozzle)

Column 2

Column 3

Nominal
Thickness
Outside
Diameter of of Flanged
Nozzle Pipe
Pipe
Walla
OD
tn

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Length of
Diameter of
Side of
Width of
Hole in
Reinforcing Reinforcing
Reinforcing
Plateb or
Plate
Plate
W
Diameter
DR
L = Do

Column 7
Minimum
Distance
from Shellto-Flange
Face
J

Column 8

Column 9c

Minimum Distance from


Bottom of Tank to Center
of Nozzle
Regular
Typed
HN

Low Type
C

28

711.2

714

1440

1745

300

826

720

26

660.4

664

1340

1625

300

776

670

24

609.6

12.7

613

1255

1525

300

734

630

22

558.8

12.7

562

1155

1405

275

684

580

20

508.0

12.7

511

1055

1285

275

634

525

18

457.2

12.7

460

950

1160

250

581

475

16

406.4

12.7

410

850

1035

250

531

425

14

355.6

12.7

359

750

915

250

481

375

12

323.8

12.7

327

685

840

225

449

345

10

273.0

12.7

276

585

720

225

399

290

219.1

12.7

222

485

590

200

349

240

168.3

10.97

171

400

495

200

306

200

114.3

8.56

117

305

385

175

259

150

88.9

7.62

92

265

345

175

239

135

2f

60.3

5.54

63

150

175

11/2f

48.3

5.08

51

150

150

1f

33.4

6.35

150

150

3/4f

26.7

5.54

150

150

108.0

Coupling

111.1

285

360

245

145

2f

76.2

Coupling

79.4

175

11/2f

63.5

Coupling

66.7

150

1f

44.5

Coupling

47.6

150

3/4f

35.0

Coupling

38.1

150

For extra-strong pipe, see ASTM A53M or A106M for other wall thicknesses; however, piping material must conform to 4.5.

The width of the shell plate shall be sufficient to contain the reinforcing plate and to provide clearance from the girth joint of the shell course.

Low type reinforced nozzles shall not be located lower than the minimum distance shown in Column 9. The minimum distance from the bottom
shown in Column 9 complies with spacing rules of 5.7.3 and Figure 5.6.

Regular type reinforced nozzles shall not be located lower than the minimum distance HN shown in Column 8 when shell thickness is equal to
or less than 12.5 mm. Greater distances may be required for shells thicker than 12.5 mm to meet the minimum weld spacing of 5.7.3 and
Figure 5.6.

See Table 5.7a, Column 2.

Flanged nozzles and couplings in pipe sizes NPS 2 or smaller do not require reinforcing plates. DR will be the diameter of the hole in the shell
plate, and Weld A will be as specified in Table 5.7a, Column 6. Reinforcing plates may be used if the construction details comply with
reinforced nozzle details.

A coupling in an NPS 3 requires reinforcement.

See 5.7.3 and Figure 5.6.

NOTE

See Figure 5.8.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Licensee=Techint S.A./5938621100, User=Vanoli, Ariel


Not for Resale, 05/03/2013 13:46:43 MDT

--```,,,``````,`,,,`,,,,,```,`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Threaded and Socket-Welded Couplings


3g

WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE

5-39

Table 5.6bDimensions for Shell Nozzles (USC)


Dimensions in inches
Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

NPS
(Size of
Nozzle)

Outside
Diameter
of Pipe
OD

Nominal
Thickness
of Flanged
Nozzle Pipe
Walla
tn

Flanged Fittings
60
60
54
54
52
52
50
50
48
48
46
46
44
44
42
42
40
40
38
38
36
36
34
34
32
32
30
30
28
28
26
26
24
24
22
22
20
20
18
18
16
16
14
14
12
123/4
10
103/4
8
85/8
6
65/8
4
41/2
3
31/2
f
2
23/8

e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.432
0.337
0.300
0.218

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Length of
Diameter of
Width of
Side of
Hole in
Reinforcing Reinforcing
Reinforcing
Plate
Plateb or
Plate
W
Diameter
DR
L = Do
601/8
541/8
521/8
501/8
481/8
461/8
441/8
421/8
401/8
381/8
361/8
341/8
321/8
301/8
281/8
261/8
241/8
221/8
201/8
181/8
161/8
141/8
127/8
107/8
83/4
63/4
45/8
35/8
21/2

1203/4
1083/4
1043/4
1003/4
963/4
923/4
883/4
843/4
803/4
763/4
723/4
683/4
643/4
603/4
563/4
523/4
491/2
451/2
411/2
371/2
331/2
291/2
27
23
19
153/4
12
101/2

1453/4
1311/2
1261/2
1213/4
117
112
1071/4
1021/2
973/4
923/4
88
831/4
781/2
731/2
683/4
64
60
551/4
501/2
453/4
403/4
36
33
281/4
231/4
191/2
151/4
131/2

Column 7
Minimum
Distance
from Shellto-Flange
Face
J
16
16
16
16
16
16
15
15
15
14
14
13
13
12
12
12
12
11
11
10
10
10
9
9
8
8
7
7
6

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Column 8
Column 9c
Minimum Distance from
Bottom of Tank to Center
of Nozzle
Regular
Low Type
Typed
C
HN
645/8
585/8
565/8
545/8
525/8
505/8
485/8
465/8
445/8
425/8
405/8
385/8
365/8
345/8
325/8
305/8
29
27
25
23
21
19
173/4
153/4
133/4
121/8
101/4
91/2
7

603/8
543/8
523/8
503/8
483/8
463/8
443/8
423/8
403/8
383/8
363/8
343/8
323/8
303/8
283/8
263/8
243/4
223/4
203/4
183/4
163/4
143/4
131/2
111/2
91/2
77/8
6
51/4
h

5-40

API STANDARD 650

Table 5.6bDimensions for Shell Nozzles (USC) (Continued)


Dimensions in inches
Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

NPS
(Size of
Nozzle)

Outside
Diameter
of Pipe
OD

Nominal
Thickness
of Flanged
Nozzle Pipe
Walla
tn

Column 4

Column 6

Length of
Diameter of
Width of
Side of
Hole in
Reinforcing Reinforcing
Reinforcing
Plate
Plateb or
Plate
W
Diameter
DR
L = Do

11/2f
1.90
0.200
1f
1.315
0.250
3/4f
1.05
0.218
Threaded and Socket-Welded Couplings
3g
4.250
Coupling
2f
3.000
Coupling
11/2f
2.500
Coupling
1f
1.750
Coupling
3/4f
1.375
Coupling

Column 5

Column 7
Minimum
Distance
from Shellto-Flange
Face
J

6
6
6

4 3/8
31/8
25/8
17/8
11/2

111/4

141/4

Column 8
Column 9c
Minimum Distance from
Bottom of Tank to Center
of Nozzle
Regular
Low Type
Typed
C
HN
h
6
h
6
h
6
95/8
7
6
6
5

55/8
h
h
h
h

For extra-strong pipe, see ASTM A53 or A106 for other wall thicknesses; however, piping material must conform to 4.5.

The width of the shell plate shall be sufficient to contain the reinforcing plate and to provide clearance from the girth joint of the shell course.

Low type reinforced nozzles shall not be located lower than the minimum distance shown in Column 9. The minimum distance from the bottom
shown in Column 9 complies with spacing rules of 5.7.3 and Figure 5.6.

Regular type reinforced nozzles shall not be located lower than the minimum distance HN shown in Column 8 when shell thickness is equal to
or less than 1/2 in. Greater distances may be required for shells thicker than 1/2 in. to meet the minimum weld spacing of 5.7.3 and Figure 5.6.

See Table 5.7b, Column 2.

Flanged nozzles and couplings in pipe sizes NPS 2 or smaller do not require reinforcing plates. DR will be the diameter of the hole in the shell
plate, and Weld A will be as specified in Table 5.7b, Column 6. Reinforcing plates may be used if the construction details comply with
reinforced nozzle details.

A coupling in an NPS 3 requires reinforcement.

See 5.7.3 and Figure 5.6.

NOTE

See Figure 5.8.

Table 5.7aDimensions for Shell Nozzles: Pipe, Plate, and Welding Schedules (SI)
Dimensions in millimeters
Column 2

Column 3

Thickness of Shell
and Reinforcing
Platea
t and T

Minimum Pipe
Wall Thickness of
Flanged Nozzlesb
tn

Maximum
Diameter of Hole
in Shell Plate
(Dp) Equals
Outside Diameter
of Pipe Plus

Size of Fillet
Weld B

12.7

16

12.7

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Column 1

Column 4

Column 5

Column 6

Size of Fillet Weld A


Nozzles Larger
Than NPS 2

NPS 3/4 to 2
Nozzles

16

12.7

16

10

12.7

16

10

11

12.7

16

11

13

12.7

16

13

14

12.7

20

14

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Licensee=Techint S.A./5938621100, User=Vanoli, Ariel


Not for Resale, 05/03/2013 13:46:43 MDT

WELDED TANKS FOR OIL STORAGE

5-41

Table 5.7aDimensions for Shell Nozzles: Pipe, Plate, and Welding Schedules (SI) (Continued)
Dimensions in millimeters
Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Thickness of Shell
and Reinforcing
Platea
t and T

Minimum Pipe
Wall Thickness of
Flanged Nozzlesb
tn

Maximum
Diameter of Hole
in Shell Plate
(Dp) Equals
Outside Diameter
of Pipe Plus

Size of Fillet
Weld B

16

12.7

20

17

12.7

20

Column 5

Column 6

Size of Fillet Weld A

--```,,,``````,`,,,`,,,,,```,`,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Nozzles Larger
Than NPS 2

NPS 3/4 to 2
Nozzles

16

20

18

12.7

20

20

21

12.7

20

21

10

22

12.7

20

22

10

24

12.7

20

24

10

25

12.7

20

25

11

27

14

20

27

11

28

14

20

28

11

30

16

20

30

13

32

16

20

32

13

33

18

20

33

13

35

18

20

35

14

36

20

20

36

14

38

20

20

38

14

40

21

20

40

14

41

21

20

40

16

43

22

20

40

16

45

22

20

40

16

If a shell plate thicker than required is used for the product and hydrostatic loading (see 5.6), the excess shell-plate thickness, within a vertical
distance both above and below the centerline of the hole in the tank shell plate equal to the vertical dimension of the hole in the tank shell
plate, may be considered as reinforcement, and the thickness T of the nozzle reinforcing plate may be decreased accordingly. In such cases,
the reinforcement and the attachment welding shall conform to the design limits for reinforcement of shell openings specified in 5.7.2.

This column applies to flanged nozzles NPS 26 and larger. See 4.5 for piping materials.

NOTE

See Figure 5.8.

b) The portion lying within the shell-plate thickness.


c) The portion extending inward from the inside surface of the tank shell plate to the distance specified in Item a.
5.7.2.5 The aggregate strength of the weld attaching a fitting to the shell plate, an intervening reinforcing plate, or
both shall at least equal the proportion of the forces passing through the entire reinforcement that is calculated to
pass through the fitting.

Copyright American Petroleum Institute


Provided by IHS under license with API
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Licensee=Techint S.A./5938621100, User=Vanoli, Ariel


Not for Resale, 05/03/2013 13:46:43 MDT