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1.

DEFINITION

CASE stands for Computer Aided Software Engineering which is software


that supports one or more software engineering activities within a
software development process, and is gradually becoming popular for the
development of software as they are improving in the capabilities
and functionality and are proving to be beneficial for the development of
quality software.

2.0

CASE TOOLS

CASE tools are set of software application programs, which are used to
automate SDLC activities. CASE tools are used by software project
managers, analysts and engineers to develop software system.
There are number of CASE tools available to simplify various stages of
Software Development Life Cycle such as Analysis tools, Design tools,
Project management tools, Database Management tools, Documentation
tools are to name a few.

2.1

COMPONENT OF CASE TOOLS

CASE tools can be broadly divided into the following parts based on their
use at a particular SDLC stage:

Central Repository - CASE tools require a central repository,


which can serve as a source of common, integrated and consistent
information. Central repository is a central place of storage where
product specifications, requirement documents, related reports and
diagrams, other useful information regarding management are
stored. Central repository also serves as data dictionary.

Upper Case Tools - Upper


CASE tools are used in
planning, analysis and design
stages of SDLC.

Lower Case Tools - Lower


CASE tools are used in
implementation, testing and
maintenance.

Integrated Case Tools - Integrated CASE tools are helpful in all


the stages of SDLC, from Requirement gathering to Testing and
documentation.

CASE tools can be grouped together if they have similar functionality,


process activities and capability of getting integrated with other tools.
2.2

HOW THE ORGANIZATION USES CASE TOOLS

Here are the ways where the CASE tools are used:
1. To facilitate single design methodology:
CASE tools help the organization to standardize the development
process. It also facilitates coordinated development. Integration
becomes easy as common methodology is adopted.
2. Rapid Application Development:
To improve the speed and quality of system development
organizations use CASE tools.
3. Testing:
CASE tools help in improving the testing process through automated
checking and simplified program maintenance.
4. Documentation:
In a traditional software development process, the quality of
documentation at various stages depends on the individual. At
various stages of SDLC CASE tools improve the quality and
uniformity of documentation. It also ensures the completeness of
the documentation.
5. Project Management:
It improves project management activity and to some extent
automates various activities involved in project management.
6. Reduce the maintenance cost:
Use of CASE tools makes the software easy to maintain and hence
reduce the maintenance costs.

7.

Increase Productivity:

Automation of various activities of system development and


management processes increases productivity of the development
team.

2.3

CASE TOOLS TYPES

CASE TOOLS
TYPES

DESCRIPTION

EXAMPLES

Diagram tools

Process Modelling
Tools

Project Management
Tools

Documentation Tools

These tools are used to represent


system components, data and control
flow
among
various
software
components and system structure in a
graphical form.

Flow Chart
Maker tool for
creating stateof-the-art
flowcharts.

Process modelling is method to create


software process model, which is used to
develop the software. Process modelling
tools help the managers to choose a
process model or modify it as per the
requirement of software product.

EPF Composer

These tools are used for project


planning, cost and effort estimation,
project
scheduling
and
resource
planning. Managers have to strictly
comply project execution with every
mentioned step in software project
management. Project management tools
help in storing and sharing project
information in real-time throughout the
organization.

Creative Pro
Office, Trac
Project,
Basecamp.

Documentation
tools
generate
documents for technical users and end
users. Technical users are mostly inhouse professionals of the development
team who refer to system manual,
reference manual, training manual,
installation manuals etc. The end user
documents describe the functioning and
how-to of the system such as user
manual.

Doxygen,
DrExplain,
Adobe Robo.

These tools help to gather requirements,


automatically
check
for
any
inconsistency,
inaccuracy
in
the
diagrams,
data
redundancies
or
erroneous omissions.

Accept 360,
Accompa,
CaseComplete
for requirement
analysis, Visible
Analyst for total
analysis.

Analysis Tools

Design Tools

Configuration
Management Tools

These tools help software designers to


design the block structure of the
software, which may further be broken
down
in
smaller
modules
using
refinement techniques. These tools
provide detailing of each module and
interconnections among modules.

Animated
Software Design

An instance of software is released


under
one
version.
Configuration
Management tools deal with

Fossil, Git, Accu


REV.

Version and revision management

Baseline configuration
management

Change control management

CASE tools help in this by automatic


tracking, version management and
release management.

Change Control Tools

Programming Tools

Prototyping Tools

Web Development
Tools

Quality Assurance
Tools

These tools are considered as a part of


configuration management tools. They
deal with changes made to the software
after its baseline is fixed or when the
software is first released. CASE tools
automate
change
tracking,
file
management, code management and
more. It also helps in enforcing change
policy of the organization.
These tools consist of programming
environments
like
IDE
(Integrated
Development
Environment),
in-built
modules library and simulation tools.
These tools provide comprehensive aid
in building software product and include
features for simulation and testing.

Cscope to
search code in
C, Eclipse.

Prototyping CASE tools essentially come


with graphical libraries. They can create
hardware independent user interfaces
and design. These tools help us to build
rapid prototypes based on existing
information. In addition, they provide
simulation of software prototype.

Serena
prototype
composer,
Mockup Builder.

These tools assist in designing web


pages with all allied elements like forms,
text, script, graphic and so on. Web tools
also provide live preview of what is
being developed and how will it look
after completion.

Fontello, Adobe
Edge Inspect,
Foundation 3,
Brackets.

Quality
assurance
in
a
software
organization
is
monitoring
the
engineering process and methods
adopted to develop the software product
in order to ensure conformance of
quality as per organization standards.
QA tools consist of configuration and
change control tools and software
testing tools.

SoapTest,
AppsWatch,
JMeter.

Maintenance Tools

3.0

Software
maintenance
includes
modifications in the software product
after it is delivered. Automatic logging
and
error
reporting
techniques,
automatic error ticket generation and
root cause Analysis are few CASE tools,
which help software organization in
maintenance phase of SDLC.

Bugzilla for
defect tracking,
HP Quality
Center.

ADVANTAGES

1)
Resolve
maintenance.

the

problems

of

application

development

and

2)

Alter the time taken by each phase and the distribution of cost
within the software life cycle. Much of the code can now be
generated automatically with the development of detailed
specifications.

3)

Ensure consistency, completeness and conformance to


standards. It will also encourage an interactive, workstation
environment. The development process will speeds up
because of the plans that were made throughout the whole
process. When software can be done in less time, it will
increase the productivity of the software.

4)

Allows precision to be replicated and most importantly it will


reduces costs, especially in maintenance.

4.0

DISADVANTAGES

1)

CASE tools do not necessarily prevent people from making


bad designs. The output from the CASE tool may look nice, but
if it was poorly done, it will still be bad.

2)

If a person is new to using CASE tool, they might need a lot of


time to study the concept. They most probably need guidance
from other people that used the tool before. But if you already
know how to use one tool, learning how to use a new one is
not as difficult because the same concepts still apply.

3)

If the CASE tool undergoes a major upgrade/version release,


there may be old features lost and new features gained,
neither of which may be desirable for your user community.

4)

CASE tools might incur high costs to be installed and used.

5.0

REFERENCES

azreenChan. (30 December, 2008). Advantages & Disadvantages on using


CASE tools. Retrieved 14 December, 2016, from Coral - CASE Tool:
http://casetool-coral.wikifoundry.com/page/Advantages+
%26+Disadvantages+on+using+CASE+tools
Software Case Tools Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved from tutorials point:
https://www.tutorialspoint.com/software_engineering/case_tools_overview.
htm
Tomar, N. (26 April, 2011). Computer Aided Software Engineering Tools
(CASE). Retrieved 14 December, 2016, from In Focus: http://www.csharpcorner.com/uploadfile/nipuntomar/computer-aided-softwareengineering-tools-case/

INDIVIDUAL REPORT

TOPIC:
CASE AIDED SOFTWARE
ENGINEERING (CASE)

PREPARED BY:

FILZAH HUSNA BINTI RIZAL

(A14HA0026)
PREPARED FOR:

PN. SARIATI BINTI AZMAN

Faculty of Management
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia