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war conflicts

illnesses/diseas
es
obesity

terrorism
economic crisis

global warming

famine

lack of water

religious
conflicts
modern slavery
inequality of
sexes
globalization

cyber terrorism
ableism
positive:

deforestation

immigration
petrol
market
political
issues
racism
unemploym
ent
data mining
addictions
(in a way)

poverty
overpopulation
pollution
aging of
population
education illiteracy
child labour/army
bad working
conditions
technical
development

Global Issues
possible topics to talk about:

1) Addictions

drinking, drugs, computer, TV, Internet, phone, plastic surgery, cigarettes,


tattoos, work, money, food, sex, power, medicine
Vocabulary:
o opil (synonyma)
drunk
wasted
pissed
hammered
under the influence
tipsy
intoxicated
stoned
ploughed
smashed
legless
o stzliv/abstinent
sober
teetotaller
to abstain from drinking
o zvracet
vomit
throw up
puke
to worship the toilet porcelain
o process: sober drinking drunk hangover Hair of the dog
(vyproovk)
o sayings/idioms
to drink like a lord
to drink like a Dane
to drink like a fish
to drink with the flies ( to drink alone)

o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

to get a craving for (a drink) = a very strong desire


to smoke - cigarettes, cigars or a pipe
to take over - assume control of something - ovldnout
unpredictable nepedvdateln
dawn on - to become apparent, to suddenly understand nhle si
uvdomit
desperate alcoholic beznadjn alkoholik
in a bad state ve patnm stavu
turning point - bod zlomu
a time at which a decisive change in a situation occurs,
especially one with beneficial results
in the mess mt problmy
seek professional help vyhledat profesionln pomoc
get withdrawal symptoms - absk
kick the habit zbavit se zlozvyku
have a drink problem mt problem s pitm
take an overdose pedvkovat se
a habit zvyk/zlozvyk
addictive adjective - nvykov
addict noun - zvislk
addicted adjective - zavisl
addiction noun - zvislost
alcoholic - alkoholik
alcohol - alkohol
alcoholism - alkoholismus
socially acceptable - spoleensky pijateln
to get hold of grasp physically - sehnat
sleeping pills prky na span

2) AIDS

virus HIV HIV and AIDS are not the same thing!!
HIV infection can be passed on by:
o heterosexual and homosexual sexual intercourse
o using infected injection equipment
o from mother to child
HIV positive doesnt show immediately it takes around 1-2 months
in general current treatment cant eliminate the HIV infection
the most affected areas of HIV infection are Africa Sub Saharan Africa
(e.g. Angola, Botswana, Congo, Ghana, South Africa)
age: 25-35, men and women roughly equal numbers
Vocabulary:
o to be passed on bt penen
o intercourse - soulo
o injection equipment injekn vybaven
o the high cost of developing and producing new drugs vysok cena
vvoje a vroby lk
o be widely available velice dostupn
o actual cure opravdov lk
o roughly equal- zhruba stejn
o young adults mlad dospl
o early middle age dvj stedn vk

o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

to have a serious effect on - mt vn dopad na


to be made aware of the risks obeznmit s riziky
avoid the risks vyhnout se rizikm
to fight the prejudice bojovat s pedsudky
slow down the spread zpomalit en
attitude - pstup
prevent infection zbranit infekci
increase understanding zvtit porozumn
make a difference udlat zmnu/rozdl
most commonly infected nejastji infikovan
particularly difficult obzvlt tk
make a little impact mt mal inek
produce new drugs vroba novch lku
develop new drugs vvoj novch lk
economically dependent on ekonomicky zviset na

3) Immigration and racism

European migrant crisis or European refugee crisis


o 2015, group of refugees sailed over Mediterranean Sea or went
through Southeast Europe
o seek asylum in EU
o Syrian 46.7%, Afghan 20.9%, Iraqi 9.4%
o mostly men, then families
o April 2015 five boats carrying 2000 migrants sank
o Hungary, Sweden, Austria, Germany
Vocabulary:
o asylum seekers adatel o azyl
o persecuted - pronsledovni
o border controls hranin kontrola
o economic migrants ekonomit migranti
o illegal immigrants nelegln pisthovalce
o immigration officials imigran ednci
o refugee uprchlk/uteenec
o accept into the community pijmout do spolenosti

4) Legalising drugs

drugs:
o marijuana (= weed, pot, ganja, Mary Jane, dope, puff)
o crack
o LSD
o heroin
o cocaine
o meth
Vocabulary:
o roll a joint ubalit brko
o become addicted stat se zvislm
o get high zhulit se
o overdose pedvkovat se
o smoke dope hulit marihuanu
o come off drugs - pestat uvat drogy
o snort cocaine upat kokain

o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

immediate effects okamit efekty


beneficial effects prospn efekty
long-term effects dlouhodob nsledky
damaging - zniujc
legal- legln
designer drug artificially used drug used for pleasure
drug created to be only slightly different from illegal drug so
its not considered illegal
addictive - nvykov
illegal nelegln
drug-trafficking paovn drog

5) War and peace

war conflicts 2016


o Syria and Iraq
more than quarter of Syrians have been killed
Islamic State ISIS
o Turkey
Diyarbakir
long conflict with Kurdistan Workers Party
o Yemen
o Libya
o South Sudan civil war
Vocabulary:
o patriotism - loyalty to your own country - vlastenectv
o deterrents - ways of discouraging people from doing something
because of the negative results - odstraujc
o outlaw - make war illegal or impossible - zakzat ( pod. jmno
psanec)
o aerial warfare - fighting a war using aeroplanes leteck bitvy
o nuclear annihilation - total destruction by nuclear weapons nuklern destrukce
o great powers - most important political powers
o revulsion against - feeling of total disgust towards odpor vi
o causes - movements, organisations
o gain their ends - achieving their aims doshnout cl
o to wage war vest vlku
o hostilities - dje vlky, neptelsk akce
o to besiege - oblhat
o to ambush - napadnout ze zlohy
o a truce - pm
o a ceasefire - zastaven palby doasn pm
o to rout totln porazit zdrcujc porka
o peacekeeping troops nezaujat vojci, kte str mr
o an international observer nkdo z venku, neutrln
o a campaign - kampa
o an incendiary device zpaln zazen (e.g. bomb be placed, set
off, thrown)
o germ/biological warfare biologick zbran
o malnutrition - podviva
o illiteracy - negramotnost

o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

sanitation - kanalizace
poverty alleviation sniovn chudoby
debt servicing - splcen dluh
penury - extreme poverty - chudoba
on the breadline na hranici chudoby
impoverished - zchudl
destitute people - bezdomovci
deprived sociln hendikepovan/ zchudl
living from hand to mouth z ruky do huby
money has been tight uthnout opasek