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8 ano - English Grammar

1. Qual a diferena entre used to e be used to?


Used to + verbo
Em portugus, quando nos referimos a hbitos passados, usamos costumava,
certo? Eu costumava brincar de Lego quando era criana, Ela costumava chorar
muito quando era menor, etc. Em situaes como essa, em que queremos
mencionar um fato que era comum e recorrente no passado, mas que no acontece
mais, usamos I used to. Veja exemplos:
My mother told me we used to live in London when I was little.
Minha me me disse que morvamos em Londres quando eu era pequeno.
Back in the 70s, people used to wear neon colors.
Nos anos 70, as pessoas costumavam vestir cores neon.
Paul used to be very stressed, but now he is more relaxed.
Paul costumava ser muito estressado, mas agora ele est mais relaxado.
His supervisor used to deliver training sessions every Thursday.
O supervisor dele costumava realizar sesses de treinamento todas as quintas.
ATENO!
Na forma negativa, used volta a ser use uma vez que o auxiliar didnt j
expressa a ideia de passado.
I didnt use to drink so much coffee, but now I do.
(Eu no costumava beber tanto caf, mas agora eu bebo.)
To be used to + verbo com ing
Assim como usamos used to para falar sobre fatos passados, tambm podemos
us-lo para falar de fatos atuais. Quando algo um hbito atual, que costumamos
fazer no presente, dizemos Im used to.
A diferena entre a forma que vimos antes e essa est na presena do verbo to
be (que varia de pessoa para pessoa), que deve vir antes de used to, e no fato de
o verbo seguinte precisar de ing. Veja exemplos:
I am used to getting home and drinking a glass of milk.
(Costumo chegar em casa e beber um copo de leite.)
My neighbor told me she is used to going to church every Sunday.
(Minha vizinha me contou que costuma ir igreja todo domingo.)
His brother is used to having bacon and eggs for breakfast.
(O irmo dele costuma comer bacon e ovos no caf da manh.)

2. Zero Conditional
Forma:
IF + VERB (S.Present )+ VERB (s. present)
Usamos o zero conditional para falar sobre coisas que so sempre, ou geralmente,
verdadeiras e para dar conselhos. Vejamos alguns exemplos:

-If I take the stairs, my legs hurt. (Se eu subo as escadas, minhas pernas doem.)
algo que sempre ou geralmente acontece;
-When water gets to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils. (Quando a gua chega a 100
graus Clsius, ela ferve.) uma verdade;
-Dont interrupt the meeting unless the boss calls. (No interrompa a reunio a
no ser que o chefe chame.) um conselho.
First Conditional
Forma:
IF + SUBJECT + VERB (simple present) + SUBJECT + WILL +
VERB (infinitive without to)
Usamos o first conditional para falar sobre uma forte possibilidade ou certeza no
futuro.
- If you try it, you wont regret it. (Se voc experimentar, voc no vai se
arrepender.) forte possibilidade;
- If they need it, theyll buy it. (Se eles precisarem, eles vo comprar) certeza.

Reforo Betel

Data:____-____-_____

Nome

:_________________________________
1.

2.

3. Complete the sentence Your accent is ____________I have ever heard with the
superlative of superiority of the adjective bad.
a) worse than.

b) the worst.

c) the worse.

d) worst than.

4. Select the alternative that adequately complete the sentence Brazil is


the___________ country in South America.
a) larger.

b) more large.

c) largest.

d) most large.

5. Complete the sentence"The teacher is _________the doctor" with the superiority


comparative of the
adjective interesting.
a) the interestingest.

c) more interesting than.

b) the most interesting.

d) interestinger than.

6. Which of the complete sentences correctly alternatives below?


The weather this summer is even _____________ than last summer. (bad) A holiday by
the sea is _________________ than a holiday in the mountains. (good).
a) worse best
b) worst - best
good
e) best worse

c) worse better

d) more bad more

7. What is the negative form of the phrase They could work together?
a) Not they could work together.

c) They could not work together.

b) They not could work together.

d) They could work together not.

8. Complete the dialogues with can, may or could: a) A: ______________ I talk to you,
Mr. Smith?
B: Yes, you may. Come in, please.
b) A: Could you bring me a glass of water?
B: Of course I ______________ .
c) A: ______________ your aunt swim when she was younger?
B: Yes, she ______________ .
d) A: _____________ I go to the movies with Carol?
B: Yes, you can.
9. Now select the alternative that best fits in the sentences below, using the

conditional.
10- Read the text and answer the questions.

Josh is a university student and he is twenty nine years old. Actually,


he's older than his sister and his brother. Josh likes to play baseball on weekends
and he always plays well - some people say that nobody plays as well as Josh, which
means he's the bestplayer in town.
Josh is dating a nice girl and they want to get married as soon as possible. Josh
is younger than his girlfriend but it's not a problem. Josh's gilfriend is one of the
mostimportant people in his life and they really like each other.
Josh started a business and he's saving money to buy a house. He knows it's not
easy but he really believes he'll succeed because he's doing his best.
a. Is he older than his parents?
___________________________________________
b. Does Josh play well?
___________________________________________
c. Is Josh as old as his girlfriend?
___________________________________________
d. Who is one of the most important people in Josh's life?
___________________________________________