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ENERGY BALANCE

Reactor
T out= 383K
P out= 1atm

T in= 293K
P in= 1atm

Figure 2: Energy balance summary for reactor

Benzyl Alcohol (BA):


Benzyl Alcohol ,C 6 H 5 CH 2 OH (liq ,25 C , 1atm) (liq , 20 C , 1 atm)

H
293

( f )298 K + c p dT

298

^
H 1=
H
( f )298 K =0

Kopps Rule:
C pa

C pa

7(C pa)C +8
293

293

C pa dT =
298

298

293

7 (12 ) +8 ( 18 ) +25 dT

[ 253 (293 )253 ( 298 ) ]

298

1265

J
kJ
kJ

=1.265
mol 1000 J
mol

kJ
^
H 1=0+ (1.265 )=1.265
mol

Toluene (T):
Toluene , C 6 H 5 H 3 ( liq ,25 C , 1 atm ) (liq ,20 , 1 atm)

H
293

( f )298 K + c p dT
298

^
H 2=
H
( f )298 K =12

293

kJ
mol

293

c p dT = 148.8 103 + 32.4 10


2
298

T dT =[ 57.505958.7286 ]=1.2227

298

kJ
^
H 2=12+ (1.2227 )=10.7773
mol

Benzyl Toluene (BT):


Benzyl Toluene , C 14 H 14 ( liq , 25 ,1 atm ) (liq , 110 ,1 atm)

kJ
mol

H
383

( f )298 K + c p dT
298

^3 =
H
H
( f )298 K =378.4

kJ
mol

Kopps Rule:
C pa

H
7 ( C pa) C + 8
383

38 3

C pa dT =
298

298

kJ
^
H 3=378.4+ 19.38=397.78
mol

Water (H2O):

Water , H 2 O(liq , 25 ,1 atm) T (liq ,100 , 1 atm) phase (vapor , 100 ,1 atm) T (vapor ,110

H
373

383

( f )298 K + c p dT + ^
H v + c p dT

298

298

^4=
H

H
( f )298 K =285.84

373

kJ
mol

373

c p dT = 75.4 103 dT = [75.4 103 ( 373 )75.4 103 (298)]=5.655


298

298

^
H v =40.656
383

kJ
mo l

kJ
mol

383

c p dT = 33.46 103 + 0.688 105 T +0.7604 108 T 23.593 1012 T 3 dT


298

298

13.481513.1081=0.3734

kJ
mol

kJ
^
H 4 =285.84 +5.655+0.3734+ 40.656=239.1556
mol

Table 3: Energy Balance Summary Table


Substances

n (

mol
)
s

kJ
^
H (
)
mol

no (

mol
)
s

kJ
^
Ho(
)
mol

Benzyl Alcohol (l)

11.34

^
H 1=1.265

Toluene (l)

11.34

^
H 2=10.7773

Benzyl Toluene (l)

11.34

^
H 3=397.78

Water (v)

11.34

^
H 4 =239.1556

Total Energy= no ^
H o n ^
H
out

^1 ^
^
H 3+ ^
H 4 H
H 2=149.1121 kJ /mol