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Version 001 HW#7 - Soilds & Fluids arts (00223)

This print-out should have 16 questions.


Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page find all choices
before answering.
Buoyant Force on a Ball
001 10.0 points
A floating ball normally weighs 5.4 N.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
What is the size of the buoyant force that
acts on it?

Maximum Payload of a Balloon


002 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A metal object is suspended from a spring
scale. The scale reads 942 N when the object
is suspended in air, and 732 N when the object
is completely submerged in water.
Find the volume of the object. The acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
Correct answer: 0.0214286 m3 .
Explanation:
W
T
w
g

= 942 N ,
= 732 N ,
= 1000 kg/m3 ,
= 9.8 m/s2 .

003 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Find the density of the metal.
Correct answer: 4485.71 kg/m3 .
Explanation:

=
=

W
m
=
V
gV
942 N
(9.8

m/s2 )(0.0214286

m3 )

= 4485.71 kg/m3 .

Tethered Helium Balloon


004 10.0 points
An empty rubber balloon has a mass of
0.015 kg . The balloon is filled with helium
at a density of 0.122 kg/m3 . At this density
the balloon has a radius of 0.767 m .
If the filled balloon is fastened to a vertical
line, what is the tension in the line? The
acceleration of gravity is 9.8 m/s2 and the
density of air is 1.29 kg/m3 .
Correct answer: 21.4873 N.

and

The spring tension and the buoyant force


act upward, and gravity acts downward. The
buoyant force of water is
F = w V g

942 N 732 N
(1000 kg/m3 )(9.8 m/s2 )

= 0.0214286 m3 .

Correct answer: 5.4 N.


Explanation:
The buoyant force is equal to the weight
lost by the object, and a floating object is
weightless in the fluid.

Explanation:

Let : m = 0.015 kg ,
He = 0.122 kg/m3 ,
air = 1.29 kg/m3 ,
R = 0.767 m , and
g = 9.8 m/s2 .

When completely submerged,


T +F =W
T + w V g = W
w V g = W T
W T
V =
w g

The balloon is in equilibrium under the action


of three forces, the buoyant force B on the
balloon, its weight W,
X and the tension T in
the string. We have
Fy = 0, so
T =BW.

Version 001 HW#7 - Soilds & Fluids arts (00223)


Let B be the weight of the displaced air:


4
3
B = air g V = air g
R
3
4
= (1.29 kg/m3 ) (9.8 m/s2 ) (0.767 m)3
3
= 23.8941 N .
Let W be the weight of the empty balloon
+ the weight of the enclosed helium:


4
3
W = m g + He V g = m g + He
R g
3
= (0.015 kg) (9.8 m/s2 )
4
+ (0.122 kg/m3 ) (0.767 m)3 (9.8 m/s2 )
3
= 2.40675 N .
Thus
T = 23.8941 N 2.40675 N = 21.4873 N .
Buoyancy 08
005 10.0 points
Where is the fluid pressure the greatest?
1. 1 meter below the surface of a swimming
pool.
2. 30 centimeters below the surface of a
swimming pool.
3. 2 meters below the surface of a swimming
pool. correct
4. The pressure is the same in all parts of a
swimming pool.
Explanation:
Buoyancy 04
006 10.0 points
The buoyant force on an object is equal to the
weight of the fluid displaced by that object,
according to which principle?
1. Charles
2. Bernoulis

3. Boyles
4. Newtons
5. Archimedes correct
Explanation:
Buoyancy 05
007 10.0 points
Why does a hot air balloon float?
1. Its overall density is less than the density
of the surrounding air. correct
2. The weight of air displaced by the balloon
is less than the volume of the balloon.
3. The volume of the air displaced by the
balloon is less than the volume of the balloon.
4. The shape of the balloon provides lift.
Explanation:
Buoyancy 06
008 10.0 points
Which
of the following
will sink in water


3
density 1 g/cm ?


1. balsa wood 0.12 g/cm3


2. steel 7.18 g/cm3 correct


3. cooking oil 0.82 g/cm3


4. ethyl alcohol 0.798 g/cm3
Explanation:
Objects with larger densities will sink.
Buoyancy 09
009 10.0 points
Which
of the following

 will float in corn syrup
3
density 1.38 g/cm ?


1. aluminum 2.7 g/cm3

Version 001 HW#7 - Soilds & Fluids arts (00223)




2. magnesium 1.75 g/cm3
4. A and C only


3
3. mercury 13.6 g/cm
5. All are true. correct


3
4. rubber 1.23 g/cm correct
6. B and C only
Explanation:
7. B only
Objects with smaller densities will float.
Pressure and Buoyancy 03
010 10.0 points
The pressure exerted on the ground by a man
is greatest when
1. his pressure on the ground is the same,
however he stands, sits or lies.
2. he sits on his butt.
3. he stands with both feet flat on the
ground.
4. he lies down on his back.
5. he stands on the toes of one foot. correct

8. None is true.
Explanation:
Buoyancy 07
012 10.0 points
The strength of the buoyant force acting on
an object in a fluid depends on the objects
1. volume. correct
2. weight.
3. mass.
4. surface area.

6. he stands flat on one foot.


Explanation:

Explanation:
P =

F
A

The forces exerted on the earth in different


cases are the same; however, the pressure is
greatest when the area is the smallest.
Buoyancy 01
011 10.0 points
The buoyant force exerted by a fluid can be
A. the same as the weight of the object;
B. greater than the weight of the object;
C. less than the weight of the object.

Buoyancy 02
013 10.0 points
An object floats because it displaces a weight
of fluid
1. less than its own weight.
2. with a density greater than 1 g/cm3 .
3. equal to or greater than its own weight.
correct
4. equal to its volume.

1. C only

Explanation:

2. A and B only

Buoyancy 03
014 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
Consider the table of densities.

3. A only

Version 001 HW#7 - Soilds & Fluids arts (00223)


Substance Density (g/cm3 )
Water
1.0
Wood
0.8
7.8
Steel
Mercury
13.5
Which substance(s) will float when placed
in water?
1. only the mercury and the steel
2. only the wood and the mercury
3. only the wood correct
4. only the steel
5. All three will float.
6. only the wood and the steel
7. only the mercury
8. None will float.
Explanation:
Substances with densities smaller than that
of water will float in the water.
015 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Which substance(s) will float when placed in
mercury?
1. only the steel
2. only the wood
3. only the wood and the water
4. only the water and the steel
5. only the wood and the steel
6. only the water
7. All three will float. correct
8. None will float.
Explanation:

Substances with densities smaller than that


of mercury will float in the mercury.
016 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
If all four substances are placed in one container, how will they be arranged from top to
bottom?
1. wood, steel, mercury, water
2. steel, mercury, water, wood
3. mercury, steel, water, wood
4. water, mercury, steel, wood
5. wood, water, mercury, steel
6. None of these
7. wood, water, steel, mercury correct
Explanation:
Organize the substances from smallest to
largest densities.