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Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
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and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
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timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
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The Right to Information, The Right to Live

Step Out From the Old to the New

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

Jawaharlal Nehru

IS 6 (1983): Moderate Heat Duty Fireclay Refractories,


Group 'A' [MTD 15: Refractories]

! $ ' +-
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

! > 0 B

BharthariNtiatakam

Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen

(Reaffirmed 2001)

IS : 6 - 1983

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
MODERATE HEAT DUTY FIRECLAY
REFRACTORIES, GROUP A
(

Fourth Revision )

Refractories

Sectional Committee,

Chairman
DR D. N.

NANDI

SMDC 18

Representing
Kumardhubi

Fireclay

& Silica Works Ltd, Calcutta

Members
DR G. D. SINGH ( Alfcrnofc to
Dr D. N. Nandi )
P. S. V. AXANPHAXARASHRI

Engineering & Mineral Industrial Research Laboratory, Bangalore


Indian Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Burnpur
SHRI D. K. BINERJEE
SHKI A. I(. MUKHERJEE ( Alfernate )
Ishwar Industries Ltd. New Delhi
SHRI BHARAT BI~AS~AR
SHRI RAJEEV BRAS~AR ( Aifernafe )
Associated Cement Companies Ltd, Bombay
DR A. K. BOSE
SHRI M. R. VINAYAICA ( Alfcrnafc I )
DR .4. K. CHXITERJEE
( Alternate II )
Steel Authority
of India Ltd (Durgapur
Steel
SHR~ S. K. CHATTERJEE
Plant ) , Durgapur
SHRI P. K. ROYCHOWDRURY ( Alfernatc )
Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Bokaro Steel Plant ),
SHRI B. K. P. CHHIBBAR
Bokaro Steel City
SRRI A. S. KRAL~HO ( Alternate )
SHRI M. H. DALJIIA
Orissa Cement Ltd, Rajgangpur
SHRI K. K. PEASAD ( Al~ernale )
Directorate
General
of Supplies and Disposals
S~HI S. K. Das
( Inspection Wing ), New Delhi
SRRI 1~. N. SbHA ( Ahnate
)
DEPUTY ~DIR~CTC>K ( MET )-I
Ministry of Railways
RDSO. Lucsrrow
&EXIST
& METALLURGIST
( SF ,1 CLW.
CHICTARANJAX I Alternate 1
__
Belpahar Refractories Ltd, Belpahar
SHRI f). M. G~&A
SHR~ T. K. GROSE ( Afternate )
Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steels Plant ),
SHRI A. V. HINGORA~I
Durgapur
Orissa Industries Ltd, Rourkela
SHRI S. K. JHUN.IHUNWALA
SHRI M. M. Sanu ( Alternate )
YANA

( Continued on page 2 )
@ Copyright 1983
INDIAN STANDARDS
INSTITUTION
This publication is protected under the Indian Copyrigh, ACI ( XIV
of 1957 ) and
reproduction in whole or-in part by any meana except with written permiaaion of the
publisher ahall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

IS : 6 - 1983
( Contbued from pap

1)
Refircscnting

dfr&crr
S,IF.I S. R. KHAXS_<
ljH,,I
SHRJ

R.

I. C.

S.\CHDTW

Dire;t;;&lEeneral
( df/CVJQ/t

S. Ii.

hfoH

Steel

s.

K.

~~UKJiEIIJI:E

C. S.\na

of India

Ltd,

Rourkela

Steel

plant,

Marx

.flk-rJ~d~)

SHRI H. N. ?~PATHI
SHRI J. R. K. M~-J~YH~-

SHXI~.

Authority
Rourkela

Ministry
of Defence ( DGOF )
India Fir&ricks
& Iwulation
Co Ltd,

SJ-~RI N.
SHRI

Development,

( ithernolc)

4NrT

C. ~~IXHERJEE
SHI~I V. S. BHUT.~ (

Technical

Mom

SHRI R. K. SASOHl
SHRI

of

A[frmnle

( Abern&)

SH~I R. ,C. N.\xI,Y


SHRI A. K. GJ~OSH (
DR T. D. PAXD;\
DR N. SAHOO ( Alter,~~tc
DRT.V.
PR.ASAII
SHRI B. Ra.\r.~r~~~x~r..~s

Bharat Refractories
Ltd,
)
Harry
Refractory
&
Calcutta;
and Indian
tion, Calcutta
Harry
Refractory
&
Calcutta
M. N. Dastur & Co (P)

Bokaro

Steel C:it)
t

Ceramic
Works
Pvt
Ltd.
Refractory
Makers AswciaCwamic
Ltd,

\\-arks

Pvt

Ltd,

Calcutta

.-lltmmfc)
Dalmia
Institute
of
Scientific
Research,
Rajgangpur

and

Industrial

Engineers
India Ltd, New Delhi
Metallurgical
& Engineering
Consultants
Ltd. Kanchi

( India

SHI~I T. B. SINCK ( rlllernnte


SHI~I R.MKSH CHASI)

)
Manufacturers
Glass
.I11 India
New Delhi
Laboratory
Metallurgical
Xationai
Jamshedpur

Dn M. R. K. RAO
SHHI P. C:. SIX ( .Iltcr,infe
SlIRI A. K. S.~HA
SHRI Il. Kar~-s~:o
i ,lltu,;nte
SHRX 0. ?. S.kSuimlll

Sational

Test House.

Federation.

( CSIR \.

Calcutta

Steel Xuthoritv
of India Ltd, Retearch
& Development Wing, New Delhi
SHRI 1;;. c. cti ArrE,<JEE ( i~krnnle )
Bharat Heavy Electricals
Ltd, Tiruchchirappalli
SKRI R. SANYARAS
SHRI C. S. R. hnIXJTJlY-aX
( .-lhnate)
hfinistry
of Defcnce
( DGI ) Directorate
of ProducSIfRI K. c. S1SH.X
tion and Inspection
( ?;avy )
SHW
R.\.TEsI)R.\ PJ~ ASAD ( .4l/rmzfe )
(:entral
Glass
& Ceramic
Research
Institute
DR S. R. SIR-.\I:
( CSIR ): Calcutta
SHllI K. R.\xes.\x
( .1Ilew& )
Dn n. V. St-r3R.P I<.\0
hlinistry
of Defence ( R&D ), Hyderahad
SHRI K. S. .SW.%xU.<,TRAX
The Tata Iron 8; Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur
SARI B. x. C;HUSH ( .~fhrJJ~te
;I
Steel
Authority
of India .Ltd ( Bhilai Steel Plant ),
%fnI
B.
s.
\I?Sl;.\TAH
i\M,.\XI
Bhilai

SHHI

Senior

Deputy

B. ~~KEERJI

Director

( Metals

), IS1

IS : 6 - 1983

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
MODERATE HEAT DUTY F\RECLAY
R.EFRACTORIES, GROUP A
(

Fourth Revision )

0.

FOREWORD

0.1 This

Indian
Standard
( Fourth Revision ) was adopted
by the
Indian
Standards
Institution
on 21 April 1983, after the draft finalized
by the Refractories
Sectional
Committee
had been approved
by the
Structural
and Metals Division Council.
0.2 Fireclay refractories are classified into high heat duty and moderate
the latter being sub-divided
into t\vo groups,
heat duty refractories,
namely, Group A and Group B on the baTis of certain
well established
This
standard
deals with moderate
heat duty fireclay
properties.
refractories
of Group
A.
0.3 This standard
was first issued in 1949 and subsequently
revised in
1953, 1958 and 1967.
In this revision an additional
variety of moderate
heat duty fireclay refractories
has been included
and the requirements
for this have been specified
separately
as Type 2 refractories.
The
spalling
resistance
test has been retained in thisstandard
as an optional
requirement
for both Type 1 and Type 2 refractories.
0.4 It is to be pointed out that although
a riumber
of tests have been
prescribed
in this standard,
it is not intended
that all of them should be
carried out in each case, as by a judicious
application
of some of the
tests it. should
be possible to judge the quality of bricks in a given lot.
However, the tests to be conducted
in each case would depend upon the
service conditions
for which the bricks are required.
Purchasers
are, /
therefore, advised to indicate these conditions
at the time of placing
an
indent or order.
0.5 This standard
kkeps in view the manufacturing
followed in the country in this field.
3

and trade

practices

IS : 6 - 1983
0.6 For the purpose
of decidin- g whether a particular
requirement
of
this standard is complied
with, the final value, observed
or calculated,
expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordThe number of significant
places retained
in
ance with IS : 2-1960*.
1he rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in
this standard.

1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard covers the requirements
fireclay refractories,
Group A for general
2. SUPPLY

OF

for moderate
purposes.

heat

duty

burnt

MATERIAL

2.1 General
requirements
relating
to the supply of moderate
fireclay refractories
shall be as laid down in IS : 1387-1967t.

heat duty

2.2 The refractories


shall be compact, of homogenous
texture and free
voids and other
flaws.
They shall be burnt
evenly
from cracks,
throughout
shall have no soft corners and have sufficient
mechanical
strength.
3. TYPES
3.1 Moderate
heat
following two types:

4.

duty

fireclay

Type

1 -

suitable

for general

Type

2 -

suitable
usage.

for

CHEMICAL

more

refractories
applications,
critical

Group

A shall be of the

and

application,

COMPOSITION

like

steel

plant

.f

4.1 The
alumina
and silica contents of both the types of-refractories,
when determined
in accordance
with the methods
given in IS : l-5271960:, shall be as follows:
Percent
Alumina,
Silica,
NOTE

given in IS

Min

30
65

Max

The aluminium
: 1335-1959s.

content

may

also be determined.according

to the methods

.*Rules for rounding


off numerical
values ( r&cd).
tGcnera1
requirements
for the supply of metallurgical
materials
(jrsl revision ).
$Methods
for chemical
analysis
of fireclay and silica refractory
materials
(jirfirst
recision ) .
Methods for direct determination
of silica in refractory
materials
(first rcuision ).

__L.___,__.

IS i 6 - l383
5. PHYSICAL

TtiST

RE~QUIREMENTS

5.1 Moderate heat ,duty fireclay refractories, when tested in accordance


the test methods specified, shall conform to the requirements,
given
in Table 1.

with

TABLE

PHYEICAL

CHARACTERWTI~

SL

TEST

REQUIREMENT
~---_--h,---~

No.

Me

(2)

t1)

25

ii)

Co!P?;~ng

20

strength,

Pyrometric
cone equivalstandard
cone
ent,

iv) Refractories
taT,

v)

vi)

TEST METROU
&SF

IS

TO PAlSOF

: I528- )

z5
( for hand moulded shapes )
225
17.5
( for hand moulded shapes )

Part 8

Part 4

30

Part 1

1 300

Part 2

1.0

1.0

Part 6

Subject to
mutual
agreement

Subject to
mutual
agreement

30

) No., Mitt
under

load,

1 300

Min

Permanent
linear
change
efter heating at 1 350C
3r 5 h, percent, Max
Spelling

(3)

Apparent porosity, percent


by volume, &far

( ASTM

Type 2

i)

iii)

REQUIREMENTS

resistance

test

Nom - The requirements


of apparent porosity and cold crushing strength in case
of special shapes to be hand-moulded,
conforming to Type 1, shall be as agreed to
between the purchaser and the manufacturer.
NOTE

2 -

*Methods
Part 8
Part 4
Part 1

1 MPa

= 10.2 kg/cm*.

of sampling
Determination
Determination
Determination

( second revision ).
Part 2 Determination
Part 6 Determination

and physical

tests for refractories:

of apparent porosity (first revision ).


of cold crushing strength (first revision ).
of pyrometric
cone equivalent
( BCE ) or softening
of refractoriness under load (jrst revision ).
of permanent
change after reheating (jrst

rezirion).

point

IS:601983
6. TOLERAFCE

dN

SIZE

6.1 Variation from specified


shrinkage, shall be allowed
whichever is greater for Type
whichever is greater for Type

dimensions, covering both warpage and


to the extent of 12 percent nor &l mm
1 refractories and f 1 percent or -&1 mm
2 refractories.

6.2 The size tolerance for hand-moulded shapes shall be as mutually


agreed to between.the purchaser and the manufacturer.
7. SAMPLING
7.1 Representative
samples shall be drawn according
sampling given in IS : 1528 ( Part 7 )-1974*.
8.

to the scheme of

MARKING

8.1 Each refractory brick or shape shall be clearly


manufacturers name or trade-mark.
8.1.1 Refractory
brick or shape
Certification Mark.

may

marked

with the

also be marked with the IS1

NOTE - The use of the ISI~Certification


Xfark is governed by the provisions of
the Indian Standards Institution ( Certification
hlarks ) Act and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder.
The IS1 Mark on products covered by an Indian Standard
conveys the assurance that they have been produced to comply with the requirements of that standard under a well-defined sxstcm of inspection, testing and quality
control which is devised and supervised by IS1 and operated by the producer.
IS1
marked nroducts are also continuouslv
checked bv IS1 for conformitv
to that
standardas a further safeguard.
Details of conditions under which a licence for the
use of the ISI Certification
Mark mav be granted to manufacturers or processors,
may be obtained from the Indian Standards Institution.

*Methods of sampling and physical tests for refractory


sampling and criteria for conformity (first rcuision).

materials:

Part 7 Methods

of