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Subject Code : ME 0122

GURU NANAK INSTITUTIONS


TECHNICAL CAMPUS (AUTONOMOUS)
Model Questions-2016

Unit -1: Section A


1. Differentiate between first Angle and third Angle projection systems?
2. Name the different styles of lettering'?
3. What are the standard sizes of drawing sheets according to B.I.S. and which is
suitable for drawing work?

4.
5.
6.
7.

What do you understand by reducing scale? Give an example.


What do you mean by Representative Faction (R.F) or Scale Factor (S.F.) ?
Name the various types of scales (at least four)?
What data is required to construct a scale?

8. Why the projections of an object are not drawn in 2nd and 4th quadrants'?
9. Name the two auxiliary planes?
10. Define cycloid, epicycloids and hypocycloid?

11. Enlist the various instruments used in engineering drawing practice?


12. What are the different types of lines that are commonly used in engineering drawing?
13. Construct a scale of 1:6 to show decimeters and centimeters to read up to 1m.show on it a
length of 6.9 dm
14. Distinguish between epicycloids and hypocycloid?
15. Draw exterior and interior tangents connecting two circles of radii 25mm and 40mm
having their centers 100mm apart. .
16. Divide an 80mm long straight in to seven equal parts.
17. What is the position of the section plane to cut right circular cone to obtain
a.Circle b. Ellipse c. Parabola d. Hyperbola e. Rectangular hyperbola f. Isosceles
triangle
18. Define conic? Write the eccentricity of

a. Ellipse b. Parabola c. Hyperbola d. Rectangular hyperbola

19. Inscribe a hexagon in a circle having 50mm diameter?


20. Differentiate between plain scale and diagonal scale?

Unit -1: Section B


1. A rectangular field of 25000sq.mts is represented on a map by a
rectangle of 5cm 4cm sides. Calculate RF and draw a diagonal
scale to read up to a single meter and long enough to measure up to
500m. Mark a length of 362m on the scale.
2. A room of 1728m3 volume is shown by a cube of 4cm side. Find the RF. And construct
a scale to measure up to 50m. Also indicate a distance of 37.6m on the scale.
3. Construct a Plain Scale to show meters when 1 centimeter represents 4 meters and long
enough to measure up to 50 meters. Find the R.F. and mark on your scale a distance of
36 meters.
4. An area of 81 sq. cm on a map represents an area of 36 sq. m on a field. Draw a scale
long enough to measure 9 m. Mark a distance of 7 m 4 dm on the scale.
5. A rectangular plot of 100 sq. km is represented on a certain map by a rectangular area of
4 sq. cm. Draw a scale to show 50 km and mark a distance of 41 km on it.
6. A rectangular plot of land of area 16 sq. m is represented on a map by a similar rectangle
of 1 sq. cm. Calculate the R.F of the scale of the map. Construct a plain scale to read
meters and long enough to measure up to 60 m indicate a distance of 45 m on the scale.
7. The volume of water tank is 64 m3. It is represented on the drawing as 8m3. Calculate R.F
and construct a plain scale to measure meters.
8. A container of 1000 cubic meters volume is represented by a block of 125 cubic
centimeter volume. Find R.F and construct a scale to measure up to 30 m. Measure a
distance of 19 m on this scale.
9. Construct a plain scale of 1: 60 to show meter and decimeters and long enough to
measure up to 6 meters. Show a distance of 3.7 meters.
10. Construct a plain scale of 2: 1 to show millimeter and Centimeters and long enough to
measure up to 5 centimeters. Show a distance of 6.4 centimeters.

11. A Car traveled a distance of 400 meters which is represented as 4 centimeters. Calculate
R.F and construct a plain scale.
12. Construct a plain scale of Full Scale to show meter and decimeters and long enough to
measure up to 6 Centimeters. Show a distance of 4.5 Centimeters.
13. An aircraft traveled a distance of 4000 kilometers which is represented as 10 centimeters.
Calculate R.F and construct a plain scale to represent 3000 kilometers.

14.

Draw a diagonal scale whose R.F (S.F) = 3/100, showing meters decimeters
centimeters and long enough to measure 5meters. Show a length of 3.69meters.
15. Construct diagonal scale of R.F=1:32,00,000 to show kilometers and long enough to
measure up to 400km.show distances of 257km and 333km on your scale.
16. Distance of 30cm measured on topography represents 450m.Construct a diagonal scale
showing divisions of 50cm capable of measuring 00m.Mark on your scale the distances
255.5m and 177.5m.
17. On the plan of a shopping complex, a line 10cm long represents a distance of 5m.Draw a
diagonal scale for the plan to read up to 6m, showing meters, and decimeters. Mark the
lengths 3.24m and 5.57m.
18. The Marina Beach at Chennai is 2.5km long. On inspection of the road map, its
equivalent distance measures 5cm.Draw a diagonal scale to read 50m minimum. Mark on
the scale a distance of 6350m.
19. Construct a diagonal scale to read up to 1/100th of a meter given R.F.=1/50 and to
measure up to 7m.Indicate a distance of 5.45m.
20. A rectangle garden of area 196m2 is shown on a map by similar rectangle of 4 cm 2.
Construct a plain scale to read up to a single meter and long enough to measure up to 9.8
decameters. Show the distance of
(i) 2.2 decameters

(ii) 5.7 decameters

21. Construct an ellipse, with distance of the focus from the directrix as 50 mm and
eccentricity as 2/3, also draw a tangent and normal to the curve at a point 40 mm from the
directrix.
22. A fixed point F is 7.5 cm from a fixed straight line. Draw the locus of a point P moving in
such a way that its distances from the fixed straight line is 2/3 times its distance from F.
Name the curve. Draw the tangent and normal at a point 6 cm from F.

23. The distance between a fixed straight line and a fixed point is 65 mm. Trace the path of a
point P moving in such a way that, the ratio of its distances from the fixed point, its
distance from fixed straight line is 2/3. Name the curve. Draw a tangent and a normal to
the curve at a point on it 50 mm from the fixed point.
24. Construct an ellipse, when the distance between the focus and the directrix is 30 mm and
the eccentricity is 3/4. Draw the tangent and normal at any point P on the curve using
directrix.
25. Draw a parabola given that the distance between the directrix and focus is 45 mm.
Draw tangent and normal to the curve at any point on the curve?
26. Construct a parabola, with distance of the focus from the directrix as 50 mm. Also draw a
tangent and normal to the curve at a point 40 mm from the directrix.
27. A fixed point F is 7.5 cm from a fixed straight line. Draw the locus of a point P moving in
such a way that its distance from the fixed straight line is equal to its distance from F.
Name the curve. Draw the tangent and normal at a point 6 cm from F.
28. The distance between a fixed straight line and a fixed point is 65 mm. Trace the path of a
point P moving in such a way that, the ratio of its distance from the fixed point, its
distance from fixed straight line is 1. Name the curve. Draw a tangent and a normal to the
curve at a point on it 50 mm from the fixed point.
29. Draw a hyperbola when the eccentricity is 3/2 and the distance between focus and
directrix is 55mm. Also draw tangent and normal to the curve at a point 40mm from
focus
30. Construct a hyperbola, with distance of the focus from the directrix as 50 mm and
eccentricity is 3/2. Also draw a tangent and normal to the curve at a point 40 mm from
the directrix.
31. A fixed point F is 7.5 cm from a fixed straight line. Draw the locus of a point P moving in
such a way that its distance from the fixed straight line is 3/2 times to its distance from F.
Name the curve. Draw the tangent and normal at a point 6 cm from F.
32. The distance between a fixed straight line and a fixed point is 65. Trace the path of a
point P moving in such a way that the ratio of its distance from the fixed point, to its
distance from the straight line is 3/2. Name the curve. Draw a tangent and a normal to the
curve at a point on it 50 from the fixed point.
33. The vertex of a hyperbola is 65 from its focus. Draw the curve if the eccentricity is 3/2.
Draw a normal and a tangent at a point on the curve 75 away from the directrix.

34. Draw a cycloid given the diameter of a rolling circle as d=30mm. Draw a normal and
tangent at any point on the curve.
35. Draw a hypocycloid generated by a rolling circle of 60mm diameter for one complete
revolution. The radius of the directing circle is 100mm. Draw a tangent and normal to
the hypocycloid at 50mm from the center of the directing circle.

36.

A circle of diameter 60mm rolls on a straight line without slipping for one
revolution. Trace the locus of the two points which are the end points of the diameter.
Assume the diameter is horizontal at the initial position.

37.

Draw an epi-cycloid of a circle of diameter 50 mm, which rolls outside a circle


of diameter 150mm for one revolution. Also draw a tangent and a normal to the
epicycloids at a point 110 mm from centre of the directing circle?

38.

A coin of 40mm diameter rolls over a horizontal table, a point on the circumference of
the coin is in contact with the table surface in the beginning .Draw the curve traced by the
point for one complete revolution.

39. A circle of 50mm diameter rolls on a horizontal line for half revolution clockwise and
then on a line inclined at 60 degrees to the horizontal for another half revolution in
clockwise. Draw the curve traced by a point P on the circumference of the circle taking
the topmost point on the rolling circle as the initial position of the generating point.
40. A roller of 40mm diameter rolls on a straight line without slipping. In the initial position
the diameter PQ of the circle is parallel to the line on which it rolls. Draw the locus of the
point P and Q for one complete revolution of the roller. Name the curve. Also draw a
tangent and normal at any point on the curve.
41. An area of 81 sq.cm on a map represents an area of 36 sq. m on a field. Draw a scale
long enough to measure 9 m. Mark a distance of 7 m 4 dm on the scale.
42. A fixed point is 90 mm from a fixed straight line. Draw the locus of a point P moving in
such a way that its distance from the fixed straight line is twice its distance from the fixed
point. Name the curve. Draw a tangent and a normal at a point 40 mm away from the
fixed point.
43. A hypocycloid is in the form of a 120 mm long straight line. Determine the diameters of
the rolling and the directing circles. Also, draw the curve.
44. Draw two branches of a hyperbola when the distance between its foci is 90 mm and the
vertices are 15 mm from the foci. Locate the asymptotes and measure the angle between
them.
45. When cricket a ball was thrown, it reached a maximum height of 7 m and fell on the
ground at a distance of 16 m from the point of projection. Draw the path of the ball,
calculate the angle of projection and name the curve.

46. Construct a scale to measure kilometre, 1/8th of a kilometre and 1/40th of a kilometre, in
1
which 1 km is represented by 3 2 centimetre. The scale should be long enough to
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measure up to 5 kilometres. Show on this a distance of 3 40

km.

47. A fixed point is 90 mm from a fixed straight line. Draw the locus of a point P moving in
such a way that its distance from the fixed straight line is twice its distance from the fixed
point. Name the curve. Draw a tangent and a normal at a point 40 mm away from the
fixed point.
48. A circle of diameter 50 mm rolls on a horizontal line for half revolution and then on an
inclined line 600 with horizontal for another half. Draw the curve traced out by a point P,
lying on the circumference of the circle, taking the topmost point of the rolling circle as
the initial position of the point P.
49. A fountain jet discharges water from ground level at an inclination of 500 to the ground.
The jet travels a horizontal distance of 9 m from the point of discharge and falls on the
ground. Trace the path of the jet.
50. A shot is discharged from the ground level at an inclination of 450 to the ground which is
horizontal. The shot returns to the ground at a point 250 m from the point of discharge.
Trace the path of the shot. Find the direction of the shot after it has travelled distance of
200 m. (Scale = 1:2000).