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Vidyamandir Classes

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Assignment - 2

Logarithm

Maths

1.

Solv
e for x,
2
2
(a) log ( x +1) ( x + x - 6) = 4

(b) 5(log10 x ) - 3(log10 x )- 1 = 3(log10 x ) +1 - 5(log10 x )- 1.

(c) x + log10 (1 + 2 x ) = x.log10 5 + log10 6.


2.

Show that, 8.log a x 3 .log b y 3 .log c z 3 = 27, where a = y 2 , b = z 2 , c = x 2 .

3.

Solve for x, log 5 120 + ( x - 3) - 2 log 5 (1- 5 x- 3 ) = - log 5 (0.2 - 5 x- 4 ).

4.

Show that if a, b, c R + different from unity, then

5.

If

6.

If a = log12 18; b = log 24 54, then find the value of ab + 5(a - b).

7.

If x = 1 + log a bc; y = 1 + log b ca; z = 1 + log c ab, then prove that xyz = xy + yz + zx.

8.

If p = log a bc, q = logb ca; r = log c ab, then prove that pqr = p + q + r + 2.

9.

log b a.log c a + log a b.log c b + log a c.log b c = 3 (given), where a, b, c are different positive real numbers 1,
then find the value of abc.

10.

Given a 2 + b 2 = c 2 ; a > 0, b > 0, c > 0, prove that log c +b a + log c- b a = 2.log c +b a.log c- b a.

11.

If

12.

Find all the solutions of the equation | x - 1|3 =| x - 1|( log10 x)

13.

Solve the system of equations, (ax)log a = (b - y )log b ; blog x = a log y .

14.

Solve the system of equations, log 9( x

15.

Solve for x,

1
1
1
+
+
= 1.
log a bc +1 log b ca +1 log c ab +1

log a log b log c


=
=
, Show that a a bb c c = 1.
b- c c- a a- b

log a N log a N - log b N


=
, N > 0, 1; a, b, c > 0, 1, then prove that b 2 = ac.
log c N log b N - log c N

+1)

- log10 x 2

- log (3y- 2) = 0, and log 2 ( x

2
4
4
2

1+
+ log 2
= 2 log 2

(a) log

x
x +1

x- 1

- 2 y 2 +10 y - 7)

= 2.

3
2

(b) log10 98 + x - x - 12 x + 36 = 2.

16.

If

xy.log( xy ) yz.log( yz ) zx.log( zx)


=
=
, then prove that x x = y y = z z .
x+y
y +z
z +x

M_2Y_ Logarithm_Assignment 2
IITJEE

Vidyamandir Classes
Answer sheet
Assignment - 2
1.

(a) x = 1 (b) x = 100 (c) x = 1

4.

5.

8.

9.

12. x = 2, or

2.
6.

1
1
1
, or 1000 13. x = ; y =
10
a
b

3.
1

7.

10.

11.

14. ( x, y ) ( 3, 4) or (-

3, 4)

15. (a) x = 2 or 6 (b) x = - 4.

M_2Y_ Logarithm_Assignment 2
IITJEE

x =1