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BAHAN KEGEMERLANGAN 2A{ 6

SPM

skerna

BK7
FIZIK

,I

,,o,^r,
KERAJAAN NEGERI

TERENGGANU

'

Cadangan Jawapan BK 7 20tG


KERTAS {

I
2

B
B

25
1a
t-t

2*

C
B
B

29
30

D
B

3l

)L

A
A

33

C
C

9
10

ts

34
35

JO

t)

37
38
39

1I

D
B

12

13

14

B
D
D

+t

47

A
A

43

44
45
46
47
48

15

16

t7
I8
19

22

D
B
B

23

24

25

20
21

4A

49
50

A
A

c
A
ta

C
D

KERTAS 2

Qupstion

Part

Mark

taXi)

Ratchet

(ii)

To prevent exerting high pressure on the obje

{bxi}

+0.01 mm

ii)

TOTAL

Answer

Diameter = 2.24 (0.01)


zera error or
= 2.23 rnm

Note

l/

idea minus the

Que*tion

Marklng Criteria

Il

Sub

2 (aJ

Refraction

(bxii

Convex lens {f Kanta Cernbung

(bxii)

Able to produce magnified image ll 8o/elr


manghasilkan imej yang di perbesadtan.

(c)

Ecf tor (b)(i)

Pembiasan

Lens Y / Concave lens

ll Kanta Y /

Mark
Total
'l

Kanta cekung

Diverge the light rays of far object to eye lens to


focus image on the retina
Mencapahkan sinar
jauh
cahaya objek
ke kanta mata utuk memfakus
imej pada retina.
Total

Il

Tirne for activity/mass // number of of atom of


radioactive to become half.
Right kidney
Activity of radioactive not reduced after 20
minutes
1600--+800-+400-*200* fiA il 4 half-life

4xB ll 3}days

.ll1
'l+---l- ll 3 x8 tl24 days
748

Question 4
Distance covered in a certain directiun

14m
Constant velocity
1416

2.33 m s-'

Correct
shape

*
$

't
it

l.ff

Time

QUESTION 5

Sectian

Mark

(a)

(b)
(c)

(d)
(eXi)

1
1

(eXii)
(f)

1
1
1

TOTAL

Answer
Mass per volume

P>Q
n > P il

//

-I'*=*

density

5.2 > 5.1

5.3 > 5.4


lnversely proportional lt increase , decrea$s
lnversely proportional ll increase , decrease
75 x1 .30 x10"x10
0.75 xI .36 x10*x10
102000 tl 1.02 x1 05

Hote
Or formula with
explanaticn
Vice verse
Vice versa
Vice versa

/l

QUESTION 6
Question 6
Part
Mark
,l

(a)

(bxi)
(ii)
(iii)

(c) (i)

1
1
1
1

{iii

{d} {i}
(ii)

Total

Answer

IYofe

parallel
Diagram S.1 > Diagram 6.2
Diagram S.1 < Diagram 6.2
Diagram 6.1 < Diagram 6.2
Effective resistance increase, voltage increase
Effective re$stance increase, current decrease
Decrease
Effestive resistance decrease

QUESTION 7

Marking Criteria

Question
7
7 (a)

$ub
A conductor which become magnet when current flowe
I A temporary magnet

(bxi)

Easy to rnagnetized and demagnetized I concentrate


the rnagnetic flux

(bxii)

High voltage power supply motor using a.c.

(bxiii)

1. When current flow, soft iron core is magnetized

2. Iron armature is attracted


3. The contact is closed , the secondary circuit

Mark
Total

1
1

is

switched on
(c) (ii

$tronger permanent magnet used.


1

lncrease the strength of magnetic field.


(cXii)

Large number of turns of armature,


1

lncrease the magnitude of catapult force.

Total
Question
Part
(a)
(b)

I
Mark
1
1

1
1

(ci

1
1

(dxi)

1
1

tii)

(iii)

(e)

TOTAL

t0

12

Answer
Aerofoil
Air moves faster upper part of tt"re wings/vice
ver$a
Fressure is lower upper part of the wings
Difference in pres$ure
= 3.6 x 108 I 45a mz
= 8000 Pa
Large
Produce greater lift force
Low density
Lighter
Greater difference in speed of air
Produce greater Iift force/ large ditference in
pressure
P

Note

MAX 2

QUESTION 9

Answer

Section

Give the carrect meaning


A form of energy li energy
Give the carrect eomparison abaut the reading of
thenaamefers
The reading of thermometer in 9.1 > S.2
Give the correct camparison about valume of the water in the
cup
Volume of water in 9.1 < 9.2
6ive the correct comparlson ahout volurne of ffie time of
heating tfie wafer
Tirne of h6ating is same
Gfve the carrect relationsfiip
The thermorneter reading is inversely proportional to the volurne
water//the larger the volume of water the smaller the reading of the
thermometer
Grve the correct deduction
The increase of temperalure is inversely proportional to the mass of
water /l the larger the mass the srnaller the increase of temperature

(aXi)
(aXii)

Give the carrect explanation


The thennorneter is placed in freezing ice and mark the upper
column of rnercury as Lol/Diagram
The thermometer is placed in boiling water and mark the upper
colurnn of mercury as Lroo/i Diagram
Divide the distance between l* and Lroo in 100 divisions

(b)

(c)

Hote

= 1 division

1oC

1,3,5,

Give the correcl suggestion

7,9
2,4,6,
8,10

Gfye the *arrecf reason

Low freezing point

Thinner glass walled bulb


Smaller diarneter of capillary
tube
Thicker glass-bore stem
Curve shape of glass-hore etem

Can measure low temperature


llavoid the liquid freeze
To increase sensitivity
To increase sensitivityl/ liquid
easy to expand and contract
StrongllNot easy ta break
$cale is magnified/leasy to read
the scalellact as convex lens

QUESTION 10

Pafi
(a)

Ma*
1

Answer

Sfafe the correct meaning


One colour

{b)

fifofe

ll ane wavelength

Sfafe the *arrect comparfson hetureen the


disfance between tarc con$ecutive fringes
The distance between two consecutive fringes in
$a.2 ) > (10.1)
Sfafe tha carreet comparssn between the
slifs separatian
Same

Stafe the carrect comparison befireen the


oisfance befween ffte scrBsn and double slit
Same
Sfafe the correct carnparfson between the
wavatength of the blue light and tfie red light,
The wavelength

of the blue light < the red light.

Sfafe the correct relationship betwean the


wavelength and the dl'sfarce befreen *sa
eonsecuffye
Directly propoftional // As the wavelength
increases , the distance between two
consecutive increase$

(c)

Exptain the correct type of sou nd wave is


ssed
ultrasound

Explain how the ultrasoand is fransmftted


Ultrassund is transmitted to the sea bed
Explain haw the ultrasound is recefved

a receiyer will then detect the refleCed the


reflected pulses

Explain how the time is taken


the time taken by the pulse to travel

seabed and return

to the receiver

TUIAX

to

the
being

recorded, t
Explain hour the depffi is calculated
the depth of the sea can be calculated using the
formula,

.vt
0--

1,3,5,7,9 Give ffte cowect s{rgge$frons


l0 Give the correcf reasons
$uosestion
Loudspeakers are so that the distanffi
positioned at quite a between consecutive
distance away.
constructive /
destructive
interference is smaller.
The two main
To prevent multiple
Ioudspeakers are
reflections
not positioned
opposite to each
other
bsards/ Reflection effects can
materials which are be reduced
sound absorbers
Use (tic) carpes
Reduce unne$essary
reflection of the floor.
Assemble a higher
To produce a
power speaker
louder/clearer

Fix soft

Assemble ihe
speaker at a high
s,10

Wide coverage // the


wade is not blocked

QUESTION {1
Quesfi on 11
Paft
Mark
(a)
(b)

Answer

Alote

Reflection

tr& &rcs offu

= disnmr sf

Refer the
rnarks on the
diagram

ha$r

Accept any
object drawn
Exp. candle
l{1-&alr}&imlhonthr

n&tutu
}t

rrg1rsff

=qhafr

1J3- muapalatr

(c)

Characteristics

Explanation

1,2

3,4
5,6

f,oncave

Focus the light

$ize is big

I Reflect more light

Alurninium

I Can reflect

$ame as focal length I Produce parallel light

7,8

Choose : S.
s.10

{dxi}

1
1

(ii)

1
1

8+5
= 13 rn
8+4
=12

*ft\s
t *}.
l.'I !-rT?
f
s)-*+

-,r"

,s"t

Total

20

FizikSPM

Question
12
(aXi)

(a) (ii)

Marking Criteria
Diode // Diod.
During the first half cycle, the diode is fonnrard bias ed tt
semasa separuh kitaran pertama diod pincang ke depan.
Cunent flow through the resistor lt Arus mengalir melalui
perintang
During the second half cycle the diode is reyerse biased.

lt

(b) (i)

semasa separuh kitaran kedua, diod pincang songsang


Current does not flow through the resistor /l
Arus tidak mengalir melalui perintang.

Draw a full wave r*ctificatian formed


"{nrs
+

lT

lr-r,n

*r.,Irara

(b) (ii)
D

raw

th

.*rus

t-a-Masa
v \
;*

e co n n ectiopl:?q:1.crryf

/ac
?,1fi11.,

l-r

ro

ss outp ut.

ffiT
(oT'
L---....

5-lup*$*Pur

During peak voltage /maximum current flow, the capacitor


is charge up ll semasa voltan punca[ / arus maksima
mengalir, kapasitor dicaskan.
when no ourrent lBetween peak voltage, the capacitor is
discharged. ll Bita tiada arus / Di antaia voltan puncak,
kapasitor dinyahcaskan.
Draw a smoo

th wave form
hfasa

Characteristics
Thermistor at upper part
as voltage divider. lf
Termistar di bahagian
afas sebagai pembahagi
voltan

Fixed resistor, R at base

Explanation
Decrease resistance
temperature increase. /
Voltage across thermistor
decrease. ll Kurangkan
rintangan apabila suhu
tinggi / beftambah.Noltan
merentasi fermisfor
berkurans.
Resistance R at base

1
1

FizikSPM

circuit. ll Perintang tetap, circuit is higher / Base


R pada litar tapak.
voltage is higher/increases

i Base current flows I


Collector surrent flows. //
Rintangan, R pada titar
tapak tinggi / Arus tapak
mengalir / Arus pengumpul
Relay at collector circuit.
Geganti pada litar
pengumpul.

ll

Fan with 24A V in series


at secondary circuit. /l
Kipas dengan 24A V a,u
sesm dalam titar kedua.

To switch on the
secondary circuit I fan
circuit. ll Untuk
menghidupkan litar kedua

The fan will function with


24fr V a.c. in series l/
Kipas akan berfungsi
dengan 24fi V a,u sesiri.

The most suitable automatic switch design is L // Reka


bentuk suis automatik paling sesua i ialah L,
Because relay at collector circuit, thermistor at upper
part, fixed resistor, R at base circuit and fan with z4a v in
series at secondary circuit. ll Kerana geganti pada titar
pengumpul, termistor di bahagian afas, peintang tetap,
R pada litar tapak dan Npas denga n Z4A V a.u sesin
dalam litar kedua.

11

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KERTAS 3

Question

IUIARK

mark

MARKING CRITERIA

1(a)

(i)
(ii)

Able to state the manipulated variable


-mass// m
Able to state the respondlng variable
- temperature

(iii)

(b)

(i)
1

(ii)

1
1

TOTAL

ll

//

AT

Able to state a constant variable


-power heater /1time

Able to read the value of T


-All 5 readings of fr
-Consistency to no decimal places

All 5 readings of AT correct:


Consistency to no decimal places

1
1

Able to tabulate table

(iii)

Tick ({l based on the

following

aspects:
1

A.

Quantities m, AT and 1/T

shown
1

Br
*rrh*!

in heading
Units m(kg), AT(0C) and
llm (kg -) shown in heading
Ilr:it

{[g ti

Tgt*Ci,

$T

t's]

u,a0

5.0

s*

7$

s,e5

4,il

s+

E&

0.30

8.3

rs

0.3.5

g-.9

$s

4!

s.{s

d"?

83

g5

12

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FizikSPM

(d)
\-/

15
"
I
I
1
I
I
I
I
I

lla
I
I
I
I
I

nur. to draw a complete graph of

AT

against 1/m.
based on the following aspects:

/
t A o show AT on Y-axis and 1/m
I on the X-axis
i B t State the-')units nT(oC) and
l/m (ks of the
t
correctlY
variables
I
Tick

I C o Both axes are marked with


I uniform scale
I D . All five Points are Plotted
correctly
4 points plotted correctly
I [Note : 3 to
I

ll./l
I
I

E.
Fo

Best straight line is drawn


Show the minimum size of
I graPh at least

I
I

i
I
I
I

(counted from the origin until


lfurthest point)

I1

I
I

5x4

(2cmx2cm)square

I
I

score

l-

I I

Ir
I

Number

of

7,/

score
5

5-6./

I1t I

34./

z./

I
t

1,/

z
1

Able to state the correct relationship


between AT againstl/m

(e)

AT is directly proportionallo

l/m

16

13

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QUESTION 2

itate the relationshiP

a) (i)
1

(a) (ii)

Answer

Mark

cr

O directly proportional to

State the value of


-l' = 0.25

-alinefrom f=A.25
- $ = 60 oC (reject without unit)

CalculfllF the gradient of the ,H,faph. h and state the


value of h with thg.acceptahle ranqe
-Draw a suffiecienly large triangle ( min 4 X 6 boxes of

(a) (iii)
1
1

2cm)
Correct substitution(follow candidate's triangle)
State value of the gradient "
k = 240 (without unit)

Correct substitutipn

(b)
1

R=4200X240
1

1.00x106 rl
Gorreet substitution to the formula and correct answel
(c)

H = 0.125 X 0.82 X

106

9.00
(d)

104

(with unit)

Thermometer readings taken immediately after the mercury


column stops moving lBacaan thermometer diambil seketika
selepas turus merkuri berhenti bergerald/ Eye must
perpendicular to thermometer scale
Total

t2

14

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Question 3
Mark

Answer

Sectio
n

lut

3 (a) State a suitablejnference

The temperature affects the volume


1.t

(b) State relevant hvpothesis (with

directionl

as the temperature increase , the vOlume increase.

t=t

(c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework

State the aim of thg exPeriment


To investigate the relationship between the temperature of air
and the volume.

2n,l

Manipulated variable
Responding

3rd

variable

: temperature
: volume

State the constant variable


Constant variable : pressure

4th

ll

mass of air

List out the impgrtant apparatus and materials


neafer, Bunsen burner, retort stand, capillary tube, meter ruler,

thermometer, rubber band, stirrer, water, sulfuric acid and ice.

15

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State a function arransement of the apparatus


A manometer is connected to thistle funnel with rubber
tube

5th

kSSsi
turm mid
srdfurk
terpprang&S

State,,,the method of controlllqo the manipulated Y3.fi,fl.ble

6n'

lce is placed into the water and these are continuously stirred .
The initial temperature, 0 of water is recorded and measured.

State the method of rneasurinq the responding variable

7th

Measure the length of trapped air.

Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with different values


The experiment is repeated for 5 times with different value of 0

gth

gth

tl roC
*"-- -'i
i

tlcmI
i

Statelow data will be analvs,ed (sketch sraph/statement)

1oth

Plot graph volume against temperature


Y1u'

-,k
,anj

Totnl

t2

16

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FiZiKSPM

No.

Answer

Mark

(a)

| t
I
I
i t
I
I
I

lli

t
| ,"
lr
I

lStateasuitablelnference
of the butb depends on the number turns primary coils
-The brightness
w

l-rrls
i st t" a relevant hYPothesis

I I

H the number of turns primary coil increase,


voltage increases

the

Describe a comptete and suitable experimental framework

i State the aim of the exPeriments

l
I
I

hip between number of turns primary coil

and the secondary voltage

$tate the manipulated variabte and the responding variable

I
I Manipulated variable
I z'o I Number of turns

rl
I

I ResPondins variable:

IIt e'o I Secondary voltage


i
I +tn

tl
Ill

State the constant variable


secondary coil/primary voltage
I lrlumber of turns

List out important apparatus and materiats

I Utn I Simpte transformer, voltmeter , power supply and bulbI


I State a functional arrangement of the apparatus
6th

17

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secondary

FizikSPM
State the method of controllino the manipulated variable tnd
measurins the responding variable

(v)

7tn
gth
gth

4c(vi)

1oth

Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram


Record the nurnber of turns of prirnary coils such as 50 turns,
Record the voltmeter reading
Repeat the experiment 4 tirnes with difference number of turn primary coil
such as 100, 150, 200 and 250 turns.

State how the data is tabulated

Fful*h*r $t't$nlrt
primi+ry

1 1th

**il

12

18

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ec*gttr

tt

ry t'trtr t*ger'

\$

Plot a qraph,,gecondarv voltage aoainst nurnber of turns primarv-.e-qil

Max 10
Total

-T