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The Christian authentic existence and the transforming the Christian, Satre.

-Not all are called to that existence (1 Corinthians 1.27).


-All are called to be someone unique in Christ. Not being 100% perfect we still are
ourselves in Christ.
- Christ changes our nature, but personality remains. The conflict is finding the better self
within Christ.
- Is it possible to put your existence on someone else and yet be authentic?
- We are all formed by models of our past. It influences and there is one cannot deny. We
project our today based on our yesterday, the same way the unconscious grasps learning which
reflects on future acts.
Do Christians Really Forgive? Derrida: The Possibility of Pure Forgiveness of the
Unforgiveable According to Ephesians 4.32
Derrida claims that the normal forgiveness is usually done with the intention of
reconciliation, to change a situation or even heal a wound. It has been continually mistaken with
pure forgiveness, that is done by all humanity for political reasons or even therapeutic healing.
But the pure forgiveness is impossible, says Derrida. The concept of the word forgiveness goes
beyond a simple reconciliation that has in mind ones own benefit. That is because pure
forgiveness pardons what is impossible in normal concept.1
Nevertheless forgiveness also implies modern atrocities which, quoting Vladimir
Janklvitch, Derrida talks about those sins which remain impossible to forgive. Janklvitch

1 Hiperf289, Jacques Derrida On Forgiveness ... and Seinfeld, Filmed [?]. YouTube
video, 06:05. Posted [January 26, 2007]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dwDZ6jrDgdg.

describes that the atrocities committed against the Jews were inexpiable because there was no
way of restitution.2
People commit atrocities against each other which are against humanity and if one is to
trace back, all are guilty therefore there cannot be a judge.3 If such atrocities are forgiven they
have a more political sense then a humanitarian one.4

He sees forgiveness as an inheritance from the Abrahamic religious faith (Judaism,


Christianity, Islam).
There is only one type of genuine forgiveness, that is the one that is unforgivable. I
believe Derrida is right in affirming that it should remain exceptional and extraordinary, in the
face of the impossible5 because it is indeed impossible for humans to forgive in the extent of
giving life, apart from God. It is impossible for humans to forgive in an ultimate way without
interest. Only God through Christ can do that. Christianity in regarding forgiveness can never
be surpassed in this by any other religion6 and which Christians at the present age must reflect
2 Janklvitch, Vladimir, and Ann Hobart. "Should We Pardon Them?" Critical
Inquiry 22, no. 3 (1996): 552-72. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1344023.
3 Jacques Derrida, On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness, ed. by Michael Hughes, (New
York: Routledge, 2002), 27-30.
4 Mary-Jane V Rubenstein. "Of Ghosts and Angels: Derrida, Kushner, and the Impossibility of
Forgiveness" Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory Vol. 9 Iss. 1 (2008) Accessed January 17, 2017,
http://works.bepress.com/mary_jane_rubenstein/13/

5 Derrida, On Cosmopolitanism and Forgiveness, 32.


6 Christof Gestrich, The Return of Splendor in the World: The Christian Doctrine of Sin
and Forgiveness, ed. by Daniel W. Bloesch (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Co., 1997), 265.

that in their acts. As MacArthur will say How can someone who has been so grievously
wounded forgive so freely and so quickly? Apart from Christ, it is well nigh impossible..7

There in fact might be motives for forgiveness. May it be the interest of wholeness, of
escaping the painful anxiety and fear which are in the heart of unforgiveness and forgiveness8.

The heart of Christianity is forgiveness9 even of the imaginable of sins like that of Paul
who considered himself the worst of the sinners because He persecuted the Church (1
Corinthians 15.9). Derrida

Bibliography of Works Cited


Jacques Derrida, On Forgiveness, trans. Michael Hughes, in On Cosmopolitanism and
Forgiveness. New York: Routledge, 2002.
MacArthur, John. The Freedom and Power of Forgiveness. Wheaton, Ill: Crossway
Books, 1998.
Mary-Jane V Rubenstein. "Of Ghosts and Angels: Derrida, Kushner, and the
Impossibility of Forgiveness" Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory Vol. 9 Iss. 1 (2008)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mary_jane_rubenstein/13/

7 John MacArthur, The Freedom and Power of Forgiveness (Wheaton, Ill: Crossway
Books, 1998). 114.
8 F. Leron Shults and Steven J. Sandage, The Faces of Forgiveness: Searching for
Wholeness and Salvation (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2003), 29-31.
9 Shults and Sandage, The Faces of Forgiveness, 165.

Banki, Peter. 2011. "Seeking Forgiveness (Jacques Derrida)". Culture, Theory and
Critique. 52, no. 2-3: 285-302.