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fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Citation information: DOI 10.1109/TIE.2016.2561268, IEEE

Transactions on Industrial Electronics

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS

Nine-Phase Induction Motor Drive with

Improved Performance

B. S. Umesh, Student Member, IEEE, and K. Sivakumar, Member, IEEE

phase modulated multiphase induction motor (PPMMIM)

drives with wider speed range is in the order of few

hundreds of kilo volts. This high value of phase voltage

for high power density applications results in higher dc

link voltage requirement and switch voltage rating of twolevel multiphase inverter. Further, using multiphase space

vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) yields less dc link

utilization. Methods to increase dc link utilization using

SVPWM with offset value of third harmonic order

introduces dominant lower order harmonic currents into

phase windings. One more major problem in high pole

mode of PPMMIMs is higher torque pulsation due to

decrease in phase number. To address these problems

this paper proposes a dual inverter based multilevel

voltage excitation scheme for nine-phase PPMMIM with

1:3 speed ratio. In four-pole mode a simple phase

grouping technique to eliminate lower order harmonic

currents in the phase windings is proposed. In addition

each inverter feeding these phase groups is modulated

using carrier based three-phase SVPWM to achieve higher

dc link utilization. This paper also proposes a multilevel

voltage generation scheme for twelve-pole mode of

operation using carrier phase shifted PWM for inherently

available equal voltage profile coils (EVPCs) with the same

dual inverter structure. The torque ripple using phase

shifted carriers PWM and single carrier PWM are

compared. Finite element method (FEM) model of ninephase PPMMIM is developed in Ansys Maxwell twodimension (2-D) and is co-simulated with three threephase dual inverters in Simplorer environment.

Experimental validation is done for linear and over

modulation case on 9IM fed from three three-phase dual

inverters controlled using Spartan 6 field programmable

gate array (FPGA) board programed in VHDL.

Index Terms Multiphase carrier based space vector

PWM, multilevel multiphase induction motor drive, phase

grouping, pole-phase modulation and performance

improvement

accepted March 24, 2016.

B. S. Umesh and K. Sivakumar are with the Indian Institute of

Technology

Hyderabad,

India-502285,

(e-mail:

umi_umeshbs@yahoo.com and ksiva@iith.ac.in).

I. INTRODUCTION

per phase compared to their three phase counterpart are

found best suitable for high power density application areas

like ship propulsion, high power traction and more electric

aircraft [1]-[3]. The improved reliability due to fault tolerance

[4], high efficiency with reduced torque pulsations because of

lesser space harmonics in the air gap and torque enhancement

by injecting higher order harmonics into phase currents [5]

makes the multiphase machine drives an effective and reliable

solution for high power safety critical applications. On board

battery charger using asymmetrical nine-phase machine [6]

further motivates and stresses the importance to explore the

newer advantages of multiphase induction motors (MIMs).

Employing pole changing techniques to multiphase

machines extends the operating speed and torque over very

wide ranges. In particular pole phase modulation (PPM) [7]

and pole amplitude modulation (PAM) [8] are the two

effective electronic pole changing methods for MIMs without

physical reconnection of phase windings. Using PPM for 9

phase, 15 phase and 45 phase induction motors to achieve 1:3,

1:3:5 and 1:3:9:15 speed ratios are presented in [9]-[12] but,

techniques for achieving good performance over all the speed

ranges needs to be explored.

Multilevel voltage source inverters (VSIs) with better

output voltage harmonic profile handles higher voltages with

voltage limited devices and distributes the total dc link power

among more number of dc sources [13], which makes them

best suitable for high power MIMs. Extending conventional

multilevel inverters for MIMs is done in [14]-[16] but,

addressing the problems like capacitor voltage and neutral

point voltage balancing are more involved.

Integrating these three technologies result in multilevelPPMMIM drives with direct inheritance of combined

advantage of all three technologies. However some challenges

requiring changes in control schemes and topological

modifications for effective operation over all the pole phase

modes needs to be addressed.

Multiphase SVPWM for five phase machine and SVPWM

for multiphase current source inverters presented in [17]-[19]

needs further simplifications in using SVPWM for MIMs. The

15% extra linear modulation range obtained using three-phase

SVPWM [20] reduces to 5.15% in case of fifth harmonic

injected SVPWM [21] and to 1.5% in case of nine-phase

0278-0046 (c) 2016 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission. See http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/rights/index.html for more information.

This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Citation information: DOI 10.1109/TIE.2016.2561268, IEEE

Transactions on Industrial Electronics

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS

TABLE I

SHOWS ALL THE POLE PHASE COMBINATIONS OF NINE PHASE PPM IM WITH PHASE WINDING EXCITATION DETAILS FOR HALF OF THE STATOR PERIPHERY

phases the magnitude of offset value decreases and makes the

multiphase SVPWM almost equal to sine PWM. Further direct

extension of three phase multilevel converter structure and

SVPWM techniques for MIMs introduces lower order

harmonics into phase voltages and currents [22].

A dual inverter based multilevel voltage excitation scheme

is proposed in this paper for pole phase modulated nine-phase

induction motor (9IM) with appropriate modification to

address the previously discussed challenges. Nine phases of

the 9IM are grouped into three three-phase groups with 40

phase difference between each other. Each three-phase group

is fed from a separate three-phase dual inverter instead of

single nine-phase dual inverter for all the nine phases. Each

dual inverter is modulated using carrier based three-phase

SVPWM which retains the same 15% more dc link utilization

for 9IM. Phase grouping provides no path for circulating

zero sequence currents which eliminates the lower order

harmonics in the phase windings.

In addition an effective method for reducing torque

pulsations in case of 3-phase 12-pole mode of 9IM is

presented in this paper. The inverter legs feeding the

inherently available three EVPCs of an effective phase in 12

pole mode are switched using three phase shifted carriers to

generate more levels in the voltage across the effective phase.

The torque pulsation in case of PWM using single carrier and

phase shifted multiple carriers is compared for the proposed

dual inverter.

Rest of the paper is organized as follows. Phase grouping

details of 9IM for 9-phase 4-pole and 3-phase 12-pole mode

of operation are presented in section II. Simulation details

including the FEM model details of 9IM and co-simulation

with three three-phase dual inverters and results are discussed

in section III. Section IV presents the discussion on

experimental results and setup. The paper is concluded in

section V summarizing the effectiveness of the proposed

technique in performance improvement of the PPMMIMs.

II. PHASE GROUPING DETAILS OF NINE PHASE PPMMIM

decision on pole ratio and number of slots for PPM of 9IM

is done using the generalization of PPM presented in [10].

Accordingly [10] PPM for 9IM with 36 stator slots gives 1:3

pole ratios to operate the motor in 4-pole and 12-pole modes.

The PPM details including the phase angle of input voltage for

each slot, current direction in each slot at a given instant and

pole pitch distribution for half of the stator periphery is shown

in Table I. The up arrow indicates current direction into the

conductor in the slot and down arrow indicates current out of

the conductor at a given instant.

From Table I some inherent provisions which helps in

accomplishing the required topological and PWM

modifications to improve the performance of the 9IM drive

are inferred and tabulated in Table II & III. It is clear from

Table II that there are three three-phase groups in 9IM with

40 phase difference between each other. The zero sequence

voltages of these three-phase groups are also displaced with

40 which leads to circulating currents and brings in the need

of isolation between three-phase groups.

Further, the maximum dc link utilization in case of threephase SVPWM and nine-phase SVPWM is presented in [22]

as a ratio of output

by defining the modulation index

pole voltage and dc link voltage ( ) as given by Equation (1)

for a phase of generic two-level inverter.

SVPWM

and

nine-phase

SVPWM

are

0.577

0.507

respectively [22].

TABLE II

THREE THREE-PHASE GROUPS OF NINE PHASE IM FOR 4-POLE OPERATION

Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Phase-a (0)

Phase-d (120)

Phase-g (240)

Phase-b (40)

Phase-e (160)

Phase-h (280)

Phase-c (80)

Phase-f (200)

Phase-i (320)

phase and poles of the MIMs are modulated in particular ratio

0278-0046 (c) 2016 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission. See http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/rights/index.html for more information.

This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Citation information: DOI 10.1109/TIE.2016.2561268, IEEE

Transactions on Industrial Electronics

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS

Fig. 1. Dual inverter topology for multilevel operation of pole-phase modulated nine-phase IM. (Bidirectional switches SB1 and SB2 are open for

4-pole operation and are closed for 12 pole operation) (Vdc is the dc link voltage requirement of equivalent three phase two level induction motor

drive)

TABLE III

EFFECTIVE PHASES AND THE RESPECTIVE EVPCS OF NINE PHASE IM FOR

3-PHASE 12-POLE OPERATION

Effect. Phase R

Effect. Phase Y

Effect. Phase B

Phase-a (0)

Phase-d (0)

Phase-g (0)

Phase-b (120)

Phase-e (120)

Phase-h (120)

Phase-c (240)

Phase-f (240)

Phase-i (240)

three-phase sine PWM i.e. 0.5 , extra dc link utilization

of 15.4% and 1.55% is obtained in case of three-phase

SVPWM and nine-phase SVPWM respectively. Accordingly

the nine-phase SVPWM yields 90% less dc link utilization

compared to three-phase SVPWM [22].

On the other hand three phase dual inverter with separate dc

sources generate multilevel voltage across phase windings and

provide no path for circulation of zero sequence currents in to

phase windings [23]. This well-established concept is utilized

in this paper to supply each three-phase group of 9IM with

separate three-phase dual inverter. Thus the maximum pole

voltage of inverters in three-phase Group I shown in Fig.1

using three-phase SVPWM is given by Equation (2).

!

0.577 "

&

'

PWM i.e. 0.5

/6 for each inverter in Group I, an extra

15.4% of total dc link utilization is evident for proposed

grouping technique. This is true for 4-pole and 12-pole

operation as three-phase SVPWM is used in both the modes of

operation.

In order to provide return path for all the phase winding

currents in 3-phase 12-pole mode of operation switches SB1

and SB2 are closed. In order to open circuit the path for the

circulating currents between the three-phase group,

bidirectional switches SB1 and SB2 are kept open for 9-phase

4-pole mode of 9IM drive as shown in Fig.1. SB1 is rated to

block difference between zero sequence voltage of group 1

and group 2 whereas SB2 has to block the difference between

between the two dc links of the dual inverter ensures

elimination of zero sequence currents in the phase windings of

individual three-phase group. Switch SB1 and SB2 open

circuits the path for circulating current due to the phase

difference between zero sequence voltages of the three groups.

Thus the performance under 4-pole mode of 9IM drive for

steady run of propulsion and traction applications with high

speeds is effectively improved using phase grouping.

The high initial torque requirement of propulsion and

traction applications is supplied by operating the 9IM in 12pole mode. In a general high power 3-phase 12-pole induction

motor there are three EVPCs connected physically in series

aiding to form a phase winding. In case of 12-pole operation

of nine-phase PPMMIM also there are three independent

EVPCs. Thus the voltage across the effective phase is the sum

of voltages across individual EVPCs. In case of 3-phase 12pole operation all the phase windings of Group1 becomes the

phase coils of effective phase-R with input voltage of zero

electrical degree. Similarly the phase windings of Group 2 and

Group 3 contribute to effective phase-Y (120 phase) and

effective phase-B (240 phase) respectively as tabulated in

Table III.

The torque ripple in case of 12-pole mode of operation is

higher with two-level voltage excitation due to pronounced

slot harmonics. The reduction in phase number to increase the

number of poles increases the slot harmonics in PPMMIMs

[3]. In order to decrease the torque pulsations an effective

technique which reduces the time harmonics of the phase

voltage by generating more number of voltage levels is

presented in this paper.

The three inverter legs feeding the three EVPCs of an

effective phase are switched using three 60 phase displaced

carriers. Single carrier for all the three EVPCs results only

three levels in the voltage across effective phases whereas

phase shifted carriers give 11-levels in the voltage across

effective phases with reduced time harmonics. This in turn

reduces the torque pulsation significantly for 3-phase 12-pole

operation of 9IM.

0278-0046 (c) 2016 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission. See http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/rights/index.html for more information.

This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Citation information: DOI 10.1109/TIE.2016.2561268, IEEE

Transactions on Industrial Electronics

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS

The FEM 2-D model of 9IM is developed in Ansys

Maxwell 2-D (an electromagnetic design tool) with the design

parameters as follows. The main dimensions air gap diameter

and core length of 9IM are calculated analytically to be

170mm and 220 mm respectively to have 5hp power rating.

The 9IM is wound with a single layer full pitch winding

with pole pitch of nine slots i.e. the slots/pole/phase is equal to

one for both 9-phase 4-pole and 3-phase 12-pole mode of

operation. Number of rotor slots is carefully chosen as 49 to

avoid cogging, crawling and synchronous cups as per the

guidelines given in [24].Triangular meshing is used in the

design of FEM model with concentrated meshing near air gap

to increase the accuracy of the finite element analysis of

9IM. The developed FEM 2D model of 9IM is cosimulated with dual inverter configuration shown in Fig.1 in

Simplorer (associated circuit simulator) environment.

The SVPWM references for each three-phase dual inverter

are generated by adding offset value of third harmonic order to

their respective sine references. This retains the 15% extra dclink utilization for 4-pole operation of 9IM and also avoids

dominant lower order harmonics in phase windings because of

isolation between each dual inverter. The references and the

carriers to generate switching logic for 9-phase 4-pole

operation are as shown in Fig.2. For phase-a switch S1is ON if

reference is greater than the upper carrier and S1 is

complimentarily switched to S1. Switch S11 is ON if phase-a

reference is less than the lower carrier and switch S11 is

complimentary to S11. The logic is same for all other phases

with their respective references.

effective phase-R is formed with three EVPCs. Utilizing these

EVPCs to generate 11 levels in the voltage across the effective

phase is accomplished using phase shifted carriers. The

inverter legs feeding EVPCs of effective phase-R are switched

by comparing single reference of 0 phase with three 60

phase displaced carriers of 2 kHz frequency. The switching

logic is same as 9-phase 4-pole case except the phase angle of

references and carriers. The references and carriers for 3-phase

12-pole mode of operation are shown in Fig.3.

From the earlier discussion the disadvantage of using

SVPWM for multiphase machines without phase grouping is

that it introduces lower order harmonics into phase windings.

This is illustrated in Fig.4 which shows voltage and current

waveforms of phase-a having dominant third harmonics. This

is in case of nine phase dual inverter modulated using carrier

based SVPWM with offset value of third harmonic order to

obtain 15% extra dc link utilization. Similarly offset value of

ninth harmonic order introduces ninth order harmonics in the

phase windings and dc link utilization reduces by 90% [22].

The voltage and current waveform of Phase-a for 4-pole

operation of 9IM with phase grouping and three-phase

carrier based SVPWM for each individual dual inverter is

shown in Fig.5. It is clear that phase grouping by keeping the

bidirectional switches SB1 and SB2 open, eliminates

dominant lower order harmonics in phase quantities whereas

three-phase carrier based SVPWM with offset value of third

harmonic order ensures 15% extra dc link utilization even for

MIMs. Torque response of the 9IM for 4 pole operation is

given in Fig.6 with measure of torque ripple in percentage of

load torque. Torque ripple has reduced considerably due to

three-level voltage supply compared to torque ripple in case of

two-level voltage supply given in [10].

Fig. 2. References and carriers for switching the dual inverters in 9phase 4-pole mode.

having dominant third harmonic in case of conventional nine phase

dual inverter fed induction motor

carriers) for switching the dual inverters in 3-phase 12-pole mode.

and SB2 are closed to provide return path for the three phase

currents in all the EVPCs. Fig.7 (a) shows the voltage across

phase-a, phase-d and phase-g which are the contributing

EVPCs to the effective phase-R. The voltage across EVPCs is

a three-level voltage with slight distortion due to the

interaction of phase shifted zero sequence voltages because of

phase shifted carriers. But the summation of voltages of all the

three EVPCs of effective phase-R is 11-level voltage with

improved harmonic profile as shown in Fig.7 (b).

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hardware digital platform.

with phase grouping of proposed dual inverter fed nine-phase IM drive

(a)

Fig. 6. The torque response of 9IM for proposed dual inverter fed

nine phase IM drive.

(b)

Fig. 7. Voltage across (a) EVPCs (phase-a (top), phase-d (middle)

and phase-g (bottom)) and (b) effective phase-R for 3-phase 12-pole

operation of nine-phase IM

mode of operation is observed for two different PWM

methods keeping the output power of the drive constant. Fig.8

(a) shows the torque response for single carrier three-phase

SVPWM for the three EVPCs of an effective phase producing

a three level voltage across effective phase. Fig.8 (b) shows

the torque response for SVPWM with three 60 phase

displaced carriers for three EVPCs of an effective phase

producing 11-level voltage across the respective effective

phase.

Comparing the Fig.8 (a) & (b) significant reduction in

torque ripple is very evident in case of phase shifted carrier

SVPWM. The speed response of 4-pole and 12-pole mode

operation of 9IM is shown in Fig.9. The flux line

distribution for 4- pole and 12-pole mode operations of 9IM

is shown in Fig.10 (a) & (b) for half of the stator periphery.

(a)

A 5 hp 9IM is designed with the specification as

mentioned in Section II is driven by three three-phase dual

inverter to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

The IGBTs based three-phase inverter boards are fabricated in

the laboratory using the IGBT G4BC20S and the associated

gate driver. Six of these three phase inverters are connected to

form three three-phase dual inverters. The six dc links for

these three dual inverters are fabricated using BR1010

rectifiers with filtering capacitors The carrier based SVPWM

for controlling the dual inverters is implemented using VHDL

(b)

Fig. 8. Torque response 3-phase 12-pole mode operation of ninephase IM with (a) single carrier SVPWM and (b) three phase shifted

carriers SVPWM.

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nine-phase IM

(a)

(a)

(b)

Fig. 11. (a) The voltage and current of phase-a (Time: 10ms/div,

Voltage: 20V/div and Current:1A/div) and their respective (b) harmonic

spectrums (X-axis: Frequency in Hz and Y-axis: Magnitude as % of

fundamental) for conventional nine-phase dual inverter

(a)

(b)

Fig. 12. (a) The voltage and current of phase-a (Time: 10ms/div,

Voltage: 20V/div and Current: 1A/div) and their respective (b) harmonic

spectrums (X-axis: Frequency in Hz and Y-axis: Magnitude as % of

fundamental) for the proposed phase grouped dual inverter scheme.

(Modulation index

1)

(b)

Fig. 10. Flux line distribution of (a) 9-phase 4-pole and (b)3-phase 12pole mode operation of nine-phase IM for half of the stator periphery

.

The phase-a voltage and the current waveform for 4-pole

mode of the 9IM fed from nine-phase dual inverter having

only two isolated dc sources without phase grouping are

shown with respective harmonic spectrum in Fig.11 (a) & (b).

The dominant lower order harmonics in the phase quantities

when a nine phase dual inverter is modulated using carrier

based SVPWM with a offset value of third harmonic order is

evident from Fig. 11 (b).

The voltage and current waveform of phase-a with their

harmonic spectrum for the proposed scheme in 9-phase 4-pole

mode of operation is shown in Fig.12 (a) & (b) for modulation

index

1. The effectiveness of grouping the phases and

feeding each three-phase group with separate dual inverter

modulated using carrier based SVPWM with offset value of

third harmonic order is evident from the harmonic spectrum

shown in Fig.12. The voltage waveform of phase-a and current

waveforms of phase-a, phase-b and phase-c for

0.4 & 1.3 are shown in Fig.13 (a) & (b).

(a)

(b)

Fig. 13. The voltage waveform of phase-a and current waveforms of

phase-a, phase-b and phase-c for (a)

0.4 (b)

1.3 (time:

10ms/div, Voltage: 50V/div and Current: 1A/div) for the proposed

phase grouping scheme.

voltage waveforms of three EVPCs contributing to effective

phase-R with harmonic spectrum for one of the EVPC (phasea) for

1 is shown in Fig.14. From the harmonic

spectrum it is observed that harmonics are present at first

center band in the voltage across EVPC. The voltage across

the effective phase-R which is sum of the voltages across the

contributing three EVPCs having 11 voltage levels for

1

is shown in Fig.15 with its harmonic spectrum. The first center

band harmonics are shifted to 2*fs*n harmonic order where fs

is the switching frequency and n is the number of carriers [25].

The shifting of harmonics from first center band to higher

harmonic orders in the voltage across effective phase-R

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simulation in section III. The voltages across the effective

phase-R for

0.4 & 1.3 with their respective harmonic

spectrum are shown in Fig.16 (a) & (b). The currents through

phase-a, phase-b and phase-c in case of 12 pole mode for

different modulation index are shown in Fig.17 and the

Complete experimental setup is shown in Fig.18.

Fig. 17. The current through phase-a, phase-b and phase-c in case of

0.4 (first),

1

3-phase 12 pole mode of nine-phase IM for

(middle) and

1.3 (last) (time: 5ms/div, Current: 1A/div)

1

(phase-a, phase-b and phase-c) (right) obtained using carrier phase

shifted SVPWM with three 60 degree displaced carriers (time:

10ms/div, Voltage: 50V/div) and its harmonic spectrum for one of the

EVPC (left) (phase-a) (X-axis: Frequency in Hz and Y-axis: Magnitude

as % of fundamental)

Fig. 18.

Complete experimental setup of three three-phase dual

inverters feeding nine-phase IM

V. CONCLUSION

Fig. 15. The voltage across effective phase-R (right) (time: 10ms/div,

Voltage: 50V/div) and its harmonic spectrum (left) showing the

absence of first center band harmonics. (X-axis: Frequency in Hz and

Y-axis: Magnitude as % of fundamental) (Addition of three voltages is

done using MATLab.)

(a)

(b)

Fig. 16. The voltage across effective phase-R (right) and its harmonic

spectrum (left) (X-axis: Frequency in Hz and Y-axis: Magnitude as % of

fundamental) for (a)

0.4 (time: 10ms/div, Voltage: 50V/div) and

(b)

1.3 (time: 7.5ms/div, Voltage: 50V/div) (Addition of three

voltages is done using MATLab.)

link utilization and introduction of lower order harmonics in to

phase windings is addressed in this paper. Phase grouping of

nine phases in to three three-phase groups lead to the

advantage of feeding each group from separate three-phase

dual inverter. These dual inverters when modulated using

carrier based three-phase SVPWM with an offset value of

third harmonic order provided 15% extra dc link utilization. In

Comparison with the nine-phase SVPWM with an offset value

of ninth harmonic order, which gives only 1.5% extra dc link

utilization. The dominant lower order harmonics in the phase

currents present in case of conventional nine-phase dual

inverter modulated using SVPWM with an offset value of

third harmonic order are effectively eliminated in the proposed

drive scheme. In case of 3-phase 12-pole mode multilevel

voltage is generated across each effective phase by using

simple carrier phase shifted SVPWM for the EVPCs of an

effective phase using only two extra bidirectional switches.

The reduction in torque pulsation due to the multilevel voltage

across effective phase is considerable compared to the torque

ripple obtained using three-level voltage with single carrier

PWM. The experimental results for different modulation

indices are presented proved the effectiveness of the proposed

scheme over lower and higher modulation index range. The

FEM simulation using Ansys Maxwell 2-D and Simplorer

gives clear analysis of torque ripple, flux line distribution of

the proposed PPMMIM drive. The proposed scheme can be

easily extended to MIMs having phase number in multiples of

three.

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2001.

B. S. Umesh (S15) received the B.E. degree in

electrical and electronics engineering from

University

B.D.T

College

of

engineering,

Davanagere, India, in 2007 and M.Tech. degree in

power electronics and drives from National

Institute of Technology, Warangal, India, in 2011.

He is currently pursuing Ph.D. degree in multilevel

inverters for pole phase modulated multiphase

induction motor drives at Indian Institute of

Technology, Hyderabad, India.

His research interests include pole phase modulation of multiphase

induction motor drives and multilevel inverters for multiphase induction

motor drives.

K. Sivakumar (M12) received the B.Tech. degree

in electrical engineering from Sri Venkateswara

University, Tirupati, India, in 2004, the M.Tech.

degree in power electronics and drives from the

National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India,

in 2006 and the Ph.D. degree in the Center for

Electronics Design and Technology, Indian

Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, in 2010.

He is currently working as an assistant professor with the

department of electrical engineering, Indian Institute of Technology

Hyderabad, India. His fields of interest are multilevel inverters, openend winding three-phase and multiphase induction motor drives, pulse

width modulation techniques, switched mode power conversion, micro

grids, Power quality and control.

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