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# Aspen HYSYS Training

## Module 1: What is Aspen HYSYS?

Tutor:
M. Ersharry Yunashtanto
Zayyanatun Zulfa
Ikha Muliawati

Supported by:

Simulation

+
Use of a computer program to quantitatively model the characteristic
equation of a process in term of material and energy stream.

Principle
Known Feeds

Predict Products

Given
Process Model
Process Design/Analysis
Optimization

## Equipment Sizing, Costing

Principle 2
Example of process model
Recycle flowrate?

Catalyst?

Steam Rate ?

Reflux?

P?

CW rate?
T, P?

Chemistry?

Reactor type?

Number
of trays?, Feed Stage?

Right sequence?

Purity?

Model

FV
F

F(x)
xi

FL

F FV FL

Solution Space

xs
F(x)=0

Design
Operation
Optimization

## Simulation Taken Time

or Number of Iteration

## Dynamic Modeling: Input Output = Accumulation

PC

F
FC

FV

x
Design Verification
Operation Analysis
Control Strategy
Operator Training

LC

FL

dV / dt F ( FV FL )

Time

HYSYS Uniqueness
Interactive Simulation (Automatic Calculation)

## Automatic detection of Degree of Freedom

Automatic stream Flash calculation

## Full Microsoft Windows Program (click, cut and paste, object,,,)

Bi-directional calculation (non-sequential)
Easy to learn & use

Extensibility

## Fully integrated Steady and Dynamic simulation

Degree of Freedom
Degree of Freedom: the number of independent parameters that define its
configuration
DOF = No of variables No of equations

5x + 3y = 75
10x + 6y = 150

## Degree of Freedom (2)

DOF in Process Balance = No. of unknown variables + No. of reactions No
of independent material balances No. of other relationships

## From above case, we can create 3 material balance (oxygen, nitrogen,

and total). However they all will not be independent.
You will need one other relationship. Lets say you have created total
and oxygen balance (2 equation), then one (1) other relationship equation
will be
yN2 = 1 yO2
Then, DOF = 3 + 0 2 1 = 0 (solved)

## Degree of Freedom (3)

Independent Variables

## Intensive variables(x,T,P,V,H,S) : Strength, Quality, Shape

Extensive variables (F,Q,delta P) : Size, Quantity

## To define Stream completely

Chemical Components
State

Temperature
Pressure
V/F (Vapor Fraction) ?

Quantity
Flowrate

## All Units: Pressure Drop

Heater/Cooler, Pump, Compressor: Q(Duty)
Heat Exchanger, Distillation Column: more specifications

Density ?
Viscosity ?
Cp, Cv, Cp/Cv ?
Enthalpy ?
Thermal Conductivity ?
MW ?
K-value ?
etc....

DOF
Specification
User Input
User Specified
BLUE Variable in HYSYS

## First Things First

Have you installed hysys
with appropriate version??
It is more difficult to open