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Comm. 7.2.] EFFECTIVE LENGTH M ETHOD 16.

1- 5 11

TABLE C-A-7.1
Approximate Values of Effective
Length Factor, K
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

I I I I
' ~~~
I
.11/.rm ll(llf'l
I E~
I [.J 7 e~
I

I I Cfl
I I
I I \ I I
I I I
I
I I I
I I I I I
I I
I I \ I I
I I I I I I
Buckled shape of I I t I I
I I
column is shown by I I I I I
I I I
I I I
dashed line I I
I I I
I I
I I I I I
\ I
\ I I I I
\ \ I I I
I I I
\ I I t
\ I I I
I I I

nr.i IF/; 'Ill

I nit rn. 7r
I "'Y'
Theoretical K value
n"'
0.5 0.7 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
Recommended design
value when ideal
conditions are 0.65 0.80 1.2 1.0 2.1 2.0
approximated

4"" Rotation fixed and translation fiXed

End condition code


y Rotation free and translation fixed

~ Rotation fixed and translation free

I Rotation free and translation free

(7) Joint restraint is distributed to the column above and below the joint in propor-
tion to EI/L for the two columns.
(8) All wluiT1J1S budde simultaneously.
(9) No significant axial compression force exists in the girders.

The alignment chart for sidesway inhibited frames shown in Figure C-A-7 .I is based
on the folJowing equation:

GAGo(1tiK)2+( GA+ Go )( l - 1t/K )+ 2tan(7t/2K) _ 1=0 (C-A-7- 1)


4 2 tan(7t/ K) (1tl K)
The alignment chart for sides way uninhibited frames shown in Figure C-A-7 .2 is
based on the following equation:

GAGo(niK? - 36 _ (nl K) =O (C-A-7-2)


6(GA +Go) t.an(1t/ K)

SpecificationforStruclllral Stee/Builtlings. June 22,2010


AMERICAN INS11TUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUC110N