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TheBestRunBusinessesRunSAP

r3

SupplySourceDetermination

Purpose
Thesupplysourcedeterminationfunctionisusedtoassignsourcesofsupplytorequirements.Thistakes
accountofbothinternalsourcesofsupply(distributioncenters)andexternalsourcesofsupply(external
vendors).

TheSystemusessourcedetermination,forexample,inRequirementsPlanning,Ordering,Allocationand
StoreOrderfunctions.Eachapplicationcancontrolhowthesupplysourcedeterminationproceedsand
analyzetheresultsdifferently.

Prerequisites
Byusingthesupplysourceindicatorinthearticlemasterlogisticsdata,youcandefinewhetheritis
preferableforthesystemtosearchforaninternaloranexternalsourceofsupply.Supplysourcescanbe
definedinthesystemasfollows:
Supplyingsitesinthesitemaster
Youcandefineinternalsupplysourcesbyenteringoneormoresupplyingsitesinthesitemaster
data.Youhavetheoptionofassigningthesupplyingsitestositesatthemerchandisecategorylevel
ortoentireassortments.
Youcanenteravalidityperiodandapriorityforeachsupplyingsite.Prioritiesenableyoutoselecta
supplyingsiteifvariousvalidsupplyingsitesexistforaparticularperiod.
Purchasinginformationrecord
Purchasinginformationrecordsdefineinternalorexternalsourcesofsupply.
Outlineagreements
Thesystemevaluatestheoutlineagreementsthatexistinthesystemwhendeterminingsupply
sources.Anoutlineagreementcanberelatedtoanexternalsourceofsupply(forexample,value
contracts)oraninternalsourceofsupply(forexample,stocktransportschedulingagreement).
Outlinearrangementswithsupplierscanbeviewedviathepurchasinginformationrecord,evenif
outlineagreementsdonotexist.
Quotas
Quotasareusedveryrarelyinretail.Quotascanbeusedtodefinevariousinternalorexternal
sourcesofsupplytowhichprocuredmerchandiseistobedistributedusingquotas.Youcanalso
enteroutlineagreementsassourcesofsupply.Youcanusequotas,forexample,thatcannotbe
suppliedbyasolevendorbecausedemandistoogreat.

Ifrelevantquotaarrangementsexist,thesystemchecksinCustomizingifthequantity
requiredhastobesplitamongdifferentsourcesofsupply(quotaarrangementsplit).The
quantityrequiredisthensplitupamongseveralsupplysourcesinlinewiththequota
arrangements.
Sourcelists
Sourcelistsareusedveryrarelyinretail.Youcanassigninternalorexternalsourcesofsupply,
includingvalidityperiods,toacombinationofarticlesorsites.Youcanalsoenteroutlineagreements
assourcesofsupply.Youcanusesourcelists,forexample,asafinetunedcontrolfordetermining
sourcesforparticulararticles.

ProcessFlow
Thesystemproceedsasfollows:
1.Evaluatequotaarrangements
Referto
SourceDetermination:EvaluatingQuotaArrangements
Evaluatesourcelists
Referto
SourceDetermination:EvaluatingSourceLists
Evaluatesearchsequencesinthearticlemaster
Referto:
SourceDetermination:FindingExternalorInternalSourcesofSupply
Determineexternalsourcesofsupply
Determineinternalsourcesofsupply

Assoonasthesystemhasfoundatleastonevalidsourceofsupply,itendsthesearchandusesthe
sourceofsupplyitfoundasthesearchresult.
Ifyoucarryoutsourcedeterminationonlineandthesystemfindsmorethanonepossiblesourceofsupply,
youwillreceiveawindowcontainingthesystemsuggestions.Youcanonlyselect one sourceofsupply.
Ifyoucarryoutsupplysourcedeterminationinthebackground,thesystemmustdeterminea clear source
ofsupplysothatthesystemcanthengenerateapurchaseorderautomatically.

Seealso:

MMPurchasing:
DeterminingSources(Here,step3isdifferentfromtheprocessinSAPRetail)
MMPurchasing:
PurchasingInformationRecords

C OPYR I GH T BY SAP SE OR AN SAP AF F I LI AT E C OM PAN Y. ALL R I GH T S R ESER VED .

PR I N T ED F R OM SAP H ELP POR TAL. (ht t p: / / help. s ap. c om )