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CELL - Also found is the chromatin

material which is composed of


- Is the fundamental unit of life
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
- All living things are made up of
cells
- All cells come from preexisting
cell III. Nucleolus
- Cells can either be unicellular or - It consists of ribonucleic acid
multicellular (RNA) which is responsible for
the synthesis of ribosomes
3 Fundamental Parts
Organelles in the cytoplasm
a. Cell Membrane
- It regulates the passage of A. Mitochondria
materials into and out of the - It can harness energy by
cell. breaking down food molecules
b. Cytoplasm to make adenosine triphosphate
- It consists of a thick semi-fluid (ATP), which is the main carrier
aggregate of chemical of energy in cells
compounds called cytosol. B. Ribosomes
c. Nucleus - It receives coded message from
- It is known as the control center DNA as to kind of protein to be
of the cell. synthesized or produced
- It regulates and coordinates all C. Endoplasmic Reticulum
the activities of the cell. - It is usually the site for fat
metabolism and specializes in
2 Types of Cell according to nucleus the transport of lipids
structure D. Golgi Apparatus
- It is involved in modifying,
1. Prokaryotic
sorting and packaging
- Lacks a nuclear membrane
- Nuclear materials occupy a macromolecules for secretion or
space in the cell called the for delivery to other organelles
E. Lysosomes
central body or nucleoid
- Known as digestive sacs in the
2. Eukaryotic
- It has a nuclear membrane cell
- It contains numerous hydrolytic
which encloses its nuclear
or digestive enzymes for the
materials
breakdown of carbohydrates,
3 Parts of Nucleus proteins and fats within the cell
- They play a role in the
I. Nuclear Membrane destruction or repair of
- Unlike cell membrane, it has
defective parts of the cell
nuclear pores which serve as F. Peroxisomes
pathways for the exchange of - Membrane-bound vesicles
materials between the nucleus which contain oxidative
and the cytoplasm enzymes
II. Nucleoplasm - They have enzymes for
- It consists of nucleoproteins, oxidizing certain organic
granules and fibrils molecules resulting in the
formation of hydrogen peroxide G. Vacuoles
which is a toxic substance - It either serves as storage of
- It is responsible for converting water and food, or for excretion
hydrogen peroxide into water of waste materials
and oxygen