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CE-405
STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
Credit Hours (3+0)

Instructor:
Muhammad Haroon
Assistant Professor,
Wah Engineering Colleg, Univ of Wah
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SEISMIC ZONING MAP


OF
PAKISTAN
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OVERVIEW
Being located close to the collision boundary of the Indian
and Eurasian plates, Pakistan lies in a seismically active
zone. Owing to high population density near seismically
active areas, it is imperative that buildings should withstand
the seismic hazard to which these may be exposed during
their life time.

Seismic Zoning map is prepared on a rigorous exercise based


on compilation of geological, tectonic and seismicity data
from Pakistan and its immediate surroundings. Only a brief
account of salient seismotectonic features, seismicity and
methodology adopted for seismic hazard zonation are
mentioned here. 3
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Major Faults of Pakistan


Major active faults of Pakistan and surrounding areas that strongly influence
the seismic hazard are listed below:

1. Main Karakoram Thrust 13. Main Mantle Thrust


2. Raikot Fault 14. Main Boundary Thrust
3. Panjal-Khairabad Thrust 15. Himalayan Frontal Thrust
4. Riasi Thrust 16. Jhelum Fault
5. Salt Range Thrust 17. Kalabagh Fault
6. Bannu Fault 18. Kurram Fault
7. Chaman Transform Fault 19. Ornach-Nal Transform Fault
8. Quetta-Chiltan Fault 20. Kirthar Fault
9. Pab Fault 21. Kutch Mainland Fault
10. Allah Bund Fault 22. Nagar Parkar Fault
11. Hoshab Fault 23. Nai Rud Fault
12. Makran Coastal Fault
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SEMINAR ACI CODE


Tirich Mir-Misgar F.
MKT
Fault Map of Indus-Kohistan F
Muzafarabad T. MMT
Pakistan
Kurram T. Panjal T.
SRT
MBT
Waziristan T. Jhelum F.
Kalabagh F. Raisi T.

Chaman F. Sulaiman Frontal T.

Ghazaband T.

Hoshab F.
Kirthar F.
Hoshab F.

Pab F. Rann of Kuchh F.

MakranSubduction Zone
OrnachNal F. After NESPAK 2006 5
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Source Modeling

For seismic sources entire area of Pakistan has been


divided into seventeen area source zones based on their
homogeneous tectonic and seismic characteristics, keeping
in view the geology, tectonics and seismicity of each area
source zone.

Eight area seismic source zones in the northern part of


Pakistan

Hindukush, Pamir, Kohistan, Hazara, Himalayas, Salt Range-


Potwar, Bannu and Punjab.

Nine area source zones in southern part

Suleiman, Sibbi, Kirthar, Kurram-Chaman, Indus plateform,


Rann of Kutch, Cholistan-Thar desert, Chagai and Makran 6
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Seismic Zoning

On the basis of PGA values, Pakistan has been divided into five
seismic zones in line with UBC97. The boundaries of these zones are
defined on the following basis:

Zone 1 0.05 to 0.08g


Zone 2A 0.08 to 0.16g
Zone 2B 0.16 to 0.24g
Zone 3 0.24 to 0.32g
Zone 4 > 0.32g

The seismic zoning map of Pakistan on this basis is shown in Fig. 2.1.
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SEISMIC ZONING MAP OF PAKISTAN

Zone 1 0.05 to 0.08g


Zone 2A 0.08 to 0.16g
Zone 2B 0.16 to 0.24g
Zone 3 0.24 to 0.32g
Zone 4 > 0.32g

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THANK YOU

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