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Binomial Theorem

Exercise 1
Q.1 [B]
100

Cm x 3 2m x 3 2 x 1 1 x
100 100 m 100 100 100

m 0

The coefficient of x 53 100 C53

Q.2 [B]

1 5 5 C 5 5 .......... n 5
5 1 2 3
1 n C1 n
n C3

2

1 5 C 5 C 5 C 5 ..........
5 1 2 3
1 n n
n
1 2 3

Adding,

2 1 5C2 5 5C4 25
5 5
1 5 1 5

352

Q.3 [A]

3r + r + 2 = 2n = n

n
r
2

Q.4 [C]

General term,
9 r
3
r
4
Tr 1 9Cr x 2
3 2x

2 (9 - r) r = 0

r = 6

7th term.
Q.5 [B]

1 2 m m 1 2
3rd term = x x
8 2

1
m
2

Q.6 [D]

n log83 5
1 5 log3 3 3
5
1
Last term 2 2 3 3 8


8 3

32

n = 10
6 4
13 21
Hence, 5 term from beginning C4 2 2
th 10

10 C 4

Q.7

T5 T6 0

n C4 b4a n 4 1 n C5b5a n 5 1 0
4 5

a n4

b 5

Q.8 [A]

1 ix n C0 n C1 ix n C2 ix .............. ix
4n 2 1 3 4n 2

Negative real terms are corresponding to the exponents

4t 2, t N,1 t n

Q.9 [A]

The coefficient of t32 in the expansion of

1 t 2 1 t
12
12
t 24 t 36 is
12 C4 12 C10 12 C6 2

Q.10 [A]

Coefficient of x 2 8C3 3 8C5

8 7 6 3 8 7 6
2
6 6

56

Q.11 [A]

Every term in the expansion is irrational, since each term in the expansion consists of an even
and an odd exponent.

Q.12 [A]

Terms which do not have fractional power of variable are


55 45 10 35 50 25 30
x 5 , 55C10 x 5 y10 , 55C20 x 5 y10 , 55C30 x 5 y10 ,
1 1 1 1 1 1 1

15 40 5 50
55 15 101 55 15 101
C40 x y and C50 x y .

Q.13

5th term + 7th term = 2 (6th term)

n C4 n C6 2 n C5

n! n! 2 n!

n 4 ! 4! n 6 !6! n 5! 5!
1 1 2

n 4 n 5 5 6 n 5 5

Q.14 [A]


3
106
x
5
C2 (x)2 x log10

x
2 3log10
x

105
Taking log with base = 10 on both sides.

2 3log10
x
log10x 5
3 log10 2 log10x 5 0
2
x

2 4 60 5
log10
x
1,
6 3

Hence, x 101 10

Q.15
3
83 2

5
8 x
C5 x x log10 5600

5600 6
x 2 log10
5
x
100
8 7 6
1 2
100 5 10 5
log10
x
2
x x

Q.16 [A]
n
C1 n C 2 36

n 1 C 2 36

n 1! 36
n 1!2!
(n + 1) n = 72

n = 8 [as n = 9 is rejected, 9 not being a natural number]

2
6 2
8 2x
C2 2x
Now, 7
C 2 2
7 1
8 x 2x
1

1
x
3
Q.17 [C]

Middle terms are T5 & T6

5
a 2 63 14
T5 C4 2a
4

9
a
4 32

4
a 2 63 13
T6 C5 2a
5
a
9

4 4

Q.18 [A]

T4 T3 & T4 T3

3 2
3 x 10 83 x 3x
3
3x
4

C3 2 C2 2 C3 2 10C4 26
10 7

10 7
&
8 8 8 8

8 3x 7 3x
1 & 1
3 2 8 4 8 2

64
x 2 & x
21

64 64
x < 2 or x > 2 & x
21 21

64 64
Hence, x , 2 2,
21 21

Q.19 [A]

T4 T5 & T4 T3

3 4 3 2
3 x 10 63 x 3 x 10 3 x
C3 2 C4 2 C2 2
10 7 10 7
& C3 2
8 8 8 8

7 3x
2
4 8

64 8 3x
x & 1
21 3 2 8
64
x & x 2
21

Q.20 [C]

cos
r

Term independent of x 10 Cr (x sin )10r is corresponding to 10 2r = 0


x

r = 5

C5 sin cos
10 5 5
Hence, the term is

10
C5
5
sin 2
5

10 !
Greater value of term independent of x =
5! 5!25

Q.22 [A]
n1 n 2
P2 90

n1 n 2 n1 n 2 1 90 & 3 n1 n2 P2 90

Let, n1 n 2 t & n1 n 2 n1 n 2 1 30
t 2 t 90 0

t = 10, 9 & n1 n 2 6, 5 (ii)

n1 n 2 10 (i)

Hence, n1n 2 8, 2

Q.23 [D]

n 1! n!
n r 1! r! n r 1! r 1!
k 2 3

r 1
k 2 3
n

Now, n r 1
n
1
r 1

k2 3 1

k 2, 2 .(i)

Also,

k2 3 0


k , 3 3,
Q.24 [C]
n
Pr 5040 n C r

r! 5040 7!

r = 7

Q.25 [A]
7 5
35
C8 42 r C7 47 r C7
r 1 r 1

35 C8 35 C7 36 C7 37 C7 38 C7 39 C7 40 C7 41 C7 42 C7 43 C7 44 C7 45 C7 46 C7

47 C8 (using n Cr n Cr 1 n 1Cr )

Q.26 [D]

1 x x
1 x 1 x 3
131 130 130
2
x 1

Coefficient of x65 = 0.

Q.31

1 n 1
C1 n C2 n C3 .......... n Cn 2n 1
n! n!

Q.35 [A]
1 1 1
1 2 3x 3
T4
2 2 2

6 2

27 3
x
128

Q.36 [A]

1 x
n 1
1
E
x

Hence, the coefficient of x k in E n 1Ck 1

Q.37 [D]

S C0 3C1 5C2 ............. 2n 1 Cn


S 2n 1 Cn 2n 1 Cn 1 ....... Co
2S 2n 2 C0 C1 C2 ......... C n

S n 1 2n

Q.38 [C]

S C12 C32 C52 ............... C2n 2 C2n

S C2n 1 Cn2 3 Cn2 5 ........... C22 C02

2S C02 C12 C22 C32 C24 ........... C2n 2n Cn

n! 2
1 2n !
S 2n
Cn

2
2

Q.39 [A]

S n C0 n C1 n 1C2 n 2C3 .............. n r 1Cr

n 1 C1 n 1C2 n 2C3 ....... n r 1Cr

n 2 C2 n 2C3 .......... n r 1Cr

n 3 C3 n 3 C4 ............ n r 1Cr
n r 1 Cr 1 n r 1 Cr

n r Cr n
Cr n Cr 1 n 1Cr