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EduCentre MONTHLY Education PULLOUT - FEBRUARY 2017

“Education is not the learning of facts,
but the training of the mind to think.”
Albert Einstein
German-born theoretical physicist,

144 . Past governments opened 27 to produce talented engineers to depending on what courses one Myitkyina. Students can attend the necessary high school grades them to be skilful and qualified. Tiddim and Mandalay. Then in 1998. Ywama. There can still sit for the ordinary high YTU and 493 for MTU) in their high enroll in courses offered by private . Let institutes were renamed the Yangon states and regions. 1963) became the Yangon Institute states and regions. they have an easy time securing to achieve democratically and two-year course at a THS with high for the 2016-17 academic year. Nay Pyi Taw. They can still Myanmar Engineering Society. Total number of students graduated from Yangon Technical University (from 1927 to 2014): 25. the Mandalay Tharyar. bridges. universities like others. we also need on benchmarks designated by each either the public or private sector. Pinya. (elementary education) in Myanmar. to get a minimum of 360-445 marks Khoke Kone. Mindat. Master’s degree holders 2556. a member of the a GTI/GTC opened under a GTU their second year exam at THS. Technological University (YTU) and many technology universities “There’s a lot more to do (depending on a specific GTU) in THS students can also enjoy a Mandalay Technological University in the country. Technology or RIT (established in Engineering University in different technology base. Postgraduate diploma holders 1041. join a government technical Kalay. Institute of Technology (MIT) and entry requirements for them government technical institutes or If high school students wish to Mawlamyine. Yangon Region For someone to pursue an technical college (GTC) managed Meiktila. Sittwe. a student enough to attend these institutions. they are required Myingyan. Monywa. Company their 8th Standard schooling admitting about 90 students every and pursue their studies at other executives and businessmen keep A S a developing country. to Myanmar. After (MTU) respectively. Pathein. they distinctions and high marks (516 for dreams into reality. each school exam as an external student school final examination. of Technology (YIT). supervision of YIT. they can move forward and. Htantabin and Hmawbi there are options to attend either university (GTU). Lashio. we not obtain 340-380 marks (depending a THS.025 (PhD degree holders 527. school examination. the Rangoon Institute of GTUs and one Myanmar Aerospace build basic infrastructures and its takes. Myeik. Maubin. It’s still possible to build one without stepping into a university. Taungoo. Hkamti. institute (GTI) or a government Panglong. in some states and regions. Those who graduating with a certificate from The YTU and MTU were who aspire to be engineers. Pyay. Loikaw. The country needs grades. In 1990.901) Total number of private engineering universities and colleges in Myanmar: 6 (Source: Myanmar Engineering Council.000. skills are indispensable by joining a technical high school the Ministry of Education are now has to undergo a two-year course which means that upon graduating. opportunities for the many students infrastructure. So. Bachelor degree holders 20. With the overseas-based institutions. Taunggyi. in 2012. Under the GTUs are in Thanlyin. and then to become a GTU graduate their ideal job. Pakokku. an engineering career is not a distant dream. like roads. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 22 LEARNING WITH QUICK READ Total number of engineers in Myanmar: 316. Tazar Bhone Myint For students who have completed are 33 THSs in Myanmar. the are higher than those in other diploma courses offered locally by join a GTU directly. airports and dockyards. If a student completes the open for new student enrollment there to be admitted to a GTI/GTC. Chaung-U. Hpa-an. in engineering. by a government technological Magwe.” state or region) in total can join Whether a student passes or fails these universities only if they get have other means of turning their said Tin Latt. one can apply for a job in designated as Centers of Excellence Even those who fail to obtain only need engineers. These schools are located in Putao. there are indeed in expanding our country’s total for all subjects in the final high monthly stipend of K30. opened in 1991. Hlaing engineering career in Myanmar. and what it needs (THS). year. Kengtung. economically. an eye on those who are good engineering and technical there’s a way to become an engineer Technical high schools under Once admitted to a THS. Dawei. Hinthada.  Photo: Staff Good engineers in great demand Even with elementary education. Bhamo. May 2016) Myanmar needs to produce talented engineers to build basic infrastructures and its technology base.

US government. UK must be recognised by the Myanmar development being critical to its 5. Opportunities await the future generation of engineers. UK 9. “Only when the Chindwin College students at a barcamp. California Institute of Technology.” said Naing building. From founding the College in London in 1619 To opening new campuses in Yangon in August 2017 Deputy Editor-in-Chief: Myo Lwin Inspiration goes a long way. metallurgical and information technology.mm. For abroad to become an engineer. Stanford University. But they universities and colleges in have to study more and attend other Myanmar are California Unitec training. Ei Shwe Phyu. Once a student successfully completes a two-year GTI/GTC program. has collaborations with universities in Germany. Therefore.” 2. Editor: Clovis Santiago Sub-editor: P Vijian Dulwich College Yangon is opening purpose-built. US 10. Thailand. The same applies for those who directly attend a GTU after high school. textile. Berkeley. with Myanmar’s 3.com. EPA Cover photo: Shutterstock Cover design: Tin Zaw Htway Layout design: Khin Zaw For feedback and enquiries. on (+95) 09 966 423015 or admissions@dulwich-yangon. Australia.mm or contact our admissions team Photography: Aung Htay Hlaing. country starts developing. a student needs to study for six years. engineers Although private engineering will get a suitable pay. for example.com. they have to pursue According to a May 2016 listing further relevant studies and gain by the Myanmar Engineering experience. mechanical. an experienced “The diplomas these private construction engineer. said Moe Gyo. Tin Yadanar Tun. generation of engineers because a students can continue their studies developing country like Myanmar abroad and acquire a bachelor’s needs qualified engineers for nation in engineering degree. Master’s in diploma in. One College. the private engineering “They have a degree. Cambodia. We are now accepting applications for students from age 2 to 14 for both campuses. Japan. Victoria University College.  Photo: Staff Engineering in Yangon. South Korea. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 LEARNING WITH 33 international institutions and get a Bachelor of Engineering. But students issue that we have to solve. in August 2017. Some of the technology universities are linked with institutions abroad. mechatronics. ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology).000. electronics. US 7. civil engineering. An engineering degree Institute of Engineering. Finland. Malaysia. University of Oxford. state-of-the-art campuses in Pun Hlaing and Star City Staff writers: Tazar Bhone Myint. higher salaries. To get an engineering degree from a GTU. please contact DETU R P O N S MU NDO c. or a Japan-Myanmar GTI. Engineering degrees granted in Myanmar are the Associateship of Government Technical Institute (AGTI) diploma. such degrees economy on a roll and infrastructure 4. Indonesia and with selected ASEAN institutions. Zarni Phyo. one will get a suitable salary. growth. chemical. fresh graduates from technological they can continue their studies universities are not paid well. Kingdom-linked engineering course According to veteran engineers. Myanmar more. This is a long-term 1.dulwich-yangon. for example. Carnegie Mellon University. Chindwin would pay you at most a salary of College. offered at GTUs and other private Translation by Zaw Nyunt engineering institutions include courses in architecture.” Noble College and UMG College. Aung Myin Ye Zaw. Many universities and colleges charge sizeable fees. US Switzerland to return to work here. AFP.com LONDON SHANGHAI BEIJING SUZHOU SEOUL ZHUHAI SINGAPORE YA N G O N . Bachelor of Technology. mining. Imperial College London. Many Campuses. Only when one learns STI Myanmar University. a United Engineering and Doctorate degrees. Princeton University. K200. China.santiago@mmtimes. talented engineers will 6. University of Cambridge. US qualifications offer. Min Khant. US 8. petroleum. The YTU. Council. electrical power. Singapore. have to be aware that if they intend Nevertheless. institutions offer are recognised Opportunities await the future in other countries. Lillian Kalish. UK (Source: Times Higher Education) Undergraduate programs always be in demand. Kyi Tha Maung To find out more please visit our website www. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. University of California. a diploma is given. Later on. a second year student According to entrepreneur Hla at California Unitec Institute of Maung Shwe. many still enroll due Myanmar engineers are working abroad because the country cannot Top engineering universities in the world to the international recognition and fulfil their desire with attractive job the access to job opportunities such opportunities.

compared to other Southeast Asian Email country director countries (2. right. has becomes oversaturated.mm/ with international business and programs in commerce. gained a lot of buzz. metal work.com. 2016. the and the figures but understanding For those drawn to literature. 0. each lasting six to the internet and new media (historical context.com if Singapore-Myanmar Vocational Yangon Film School (YFS) – Since Often though. service. had the highest own projects. help make the job search less of English. But it isn’t the student’s fault – Wit Hmone Phoo Pwint Thu overcrowding in classrooms and (Tara) for more info: production@ underfunding in the education yangonfilmschool. give development and progress. run organisation provides a his state visit to Myanmar in 2013. according to at YFS provide students with a 2014 figures from data analysts at basis to freelance. In at the CVT campus.9pc in literature to computers science Malaysia. According to the Asian the Parami Institute has already Development Bank’s (ADB) report. there are more jobs workforce must also have sufficient well as secondary school option Training Institute is modelled Myanmar. students have many starting in January of 2017. work on their Trading Economics. Training Institute (SMVTI) – A 2005 the Yangon Film School.83pc Aleksandra Minikiewicz at in Thailand. it is important to attain Until then.com for Check out their Facebook page for MPT which advertise widely interpersonal skills. next generation of filmmakers experience high turnover rates. myanmar-nationals and they can a high level. opens. challenge is even greater. With majors on education in 2013. history and philosophy. apprenticeships with their partner facilities management. cabinet. the film skills acquired In Myanmar. skills with flexible knowledge to empower Myanmar’s youth. like Ooredoo. or mm. in hospitality and tourism. In one’s next steps is a daunting task.mm or Flexible knowledge – as opposed in more specialised ways.com. cultivate these following skills: options to continue their education Email info@parami. PCP also offers generous a Certificate of Professional Capacity for the workforce over two intakes telecommunications companies Soft skills – the ADB defines soft scholarships to ensure that students to show to employers. In addition. vocational and coursework and workshops to According to the ADB’s Myanmar: tertiary programs cultivate critical thinking and Unlocking the Potential report. a year. When it Myanmar: Unlocking the Potential. The ingyinaung@parami.3pc in Vietnam and 5. the job ensure a diverse class. this Swiss. the minkiewicz@yangonfilmschool. then the PCP used to rely heavily on print solving in the office. the students’ performance. Post high school. Parami will However. submit their films to festivals finding employment and what across Myanmar and abroad. it involves travel and an intimate and immersive tertiary education programs to collaboration with Myanmar ethnic educational experience. professional knowledge training. official opening is set in 2018. Telenor. and media and online advertisement thinking applies both analytical and a collegiate community to training company and coursework engineering services. Good luck to all but also of Myanmar language. Students Now with widespread access also at background information for Myanmar nationals who plan out homework. As many faculty ratio with one professor for local and foreign NGOs and aid Depending on the nature of the job every twelve students. the market and the ability to handle high stress Center for Vocational Training relatively new program established a Berlin-based non-profit. and skills as better communication and of all backgrounds have a chance to Email info@cvt-myanmar.edu. by Singapore President Tony Tan on supported and cultivated the become inflated. The SMVTI will to recruit potential employees. companies rely on social Critical thinking – similarly critical rigour. Students participate in a now than ever before on sites language skills to communicate for students from grades 5 with after Singapore’s own Institute of three-year program in which they like http://www. recent grads can students the specialised skills a high level of ethnic languages as attend lecture series and the necessary to stand out in today’s job well. analytical skills program may be for you. standard educational practice in various paths that recent grads and Myanmar. Once months. mean not just looking at data but in 2003 as a 16-month program prepared to structure classes. The SMVTI take five courses and create an and http://themimu. The CVT also offers courses June 9. electrical was officially launched by Singapore original film in order to graduate. new job openings.  Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing job recruitment sites. and fairly evaluate can take courses. Founded Myanmar’s teachers are adequately contribution to Myanmar’s advertising for jobs. a high level of maturity in the Email precollegiate@gmail. the whys and hows of sciences. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 44 LEARNING WITH Skills needed for Myanmar’s Class of 2017 To alleviate some of the postgrad unemployment and existential woes. new entrants to the three-year college training as the Singapore-Myanmar Vocational and young content creators in Regardless.44pc in Vietnam. the managing director of MyJobs. system are hangover issues from Parami Institute – Though the previous governments. more details! across social media platforms. Parami will be the country’s the Myanmar government only first liberal arts. trends over time.  Photo: Staff will also have a small student to more and more hopeful.3pc in Cambodia). providing organisations help build new if. employers Analytical skills – when problem play out a certain way.myjobs. PCP program provides academic students have completed their electrical skills and electronics. flexible knowledge means those in the job market can follow. where. public speaking skills. Many students go on to the teacher training program F OR most recent graduates to become a YFS instructor and of high school and college. more details. and companies after characteristics. salaries situations with grace are all sought (CVT) – Since 2002. they will receive produce about 800 graduates ready This is especially true of observe topics from a vantage point addition. Parami Leadership program – a market. Technical Education. with so many workplace.edu. compared ranging from philosophy and to 6. 0. for example.mm for to rote knowledge which is the following is a list of just some of the more info. having pursue higher education. The school prospects for recent grads are Even students who have not completed their secondary school can attend a vocational training course. symbolising Singapore’s students learn both the technical of a headache. four-year spent an estimated 1. and grow Myanmar’s rate of unemployment (4 percent) growing media industry. today’s graduating students semester-long program with can follow more varied career paths. Basically. and hospitality and food Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on Throughout the three years. provide younger and returning minorities. the country’s largest online work want to explore why global politics Official launching of the SMVTI last June in Yangon’s Bahan township.info/jobs-for- clients. Employment Resources learning more than just the facts Pre-Collegiate Program (PCP) – According to Jemin Popat. interested. This means not only having making. college counselling services. addition. to study abroad for university. The Myanmar Times has compiled a list of some of the skills needed to make your resume stand out to employers as well as some various continuing education programs and the best resources to find jobs Lillian Kalish artistic aspects. companies popping up left and etc). recent As high school in Myanmar is only public speaking skills for students graduates in Myanmar need to two years long. in teacher training to ensure way of making a meaningful skills involved in film and various jobseekers in 2017! . org or Production Coordinator.7pc of its GDP residential program.org. today’s lingua franca. with the country’s provide Myanmar students with opening after the election of the a world class education as well National League for Democracy as full and partial scholarships to government in 2015. concepts. and psychology.

we help promote American and probably some Myat Lay Tint added. universities at all levels. Right now. scholarship and given once or months. . It’s a Master’s are for a maximum of three site hosts a comprehensive database understandable for a younger age. do a preparatory course so that scholarships to attend leading South Asian Studies. us to try and increase their score Writing. the test fee and are 16 and above. if you have but only for specific subjects. the British Council assists students to enroll in top-notch UK universities that grant internationally recognised degrees and groom graduates for the competitive job market The British Council has been building partnerships between UK and Myanmar universities where academics and others can collaborate in research and teaching. to reach the level they require for Applicants must have also received overseas study. “Another Charles Wallace Trust Fellowship. through our digital Part 1 of this article appeared in You can take that test. scholarships offered by UK European universities where they is the Hornby Educational Trust It’s dedicated to mid-career education institutions. or biannually.5 or 7. When most people go Director English. mostly for professional of scholarships offered by UK Clovis Santiago Many people who take the test find twice yearly. There are two types: high and it is very rare for a non- the country level IELTS Scholarship native English speaker to achieve which offers US$2900. the British they’ll understand the test and are UK universities to study English expanding this fellowship into the area Council’s Education Programmes prepared for the types of writing language teaching and learning. candidates must for. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 LEARNING WITH 55 Myanmar students in search of quality education Through its exams. Students it very challenging.5 or 7 will be fine. There’s no requirement for International English Language getting in. Education UK at www. depending on how development pathways. This international experience to platform. It tests all the many scholarships are allotted for we have agreements with Oxford in Myanmar can access that link P ERHAPS two of the British four skills. Offers educationuk. but there are certainly Testing System [IELTS] Scholarship. added. which is equivalent to programs for the 2017-18 academic a native speaker level. of urban planning starting this year. a growing number of improves quickly. It’s managed by us professionals seeking an universities. Many 2016 and onwards and must have students who enter the exams only received the band scores of 6 and get about 4 or 4. scholarships and education exhibitions. you don’t need to into the third round of IELTS reach this level.” “Another scheme is the “Also. so they come to above in each component [Reading. especially conduct degrees through English. Candidates from and International Relations and scholarships at what level.5. Listening and Speaking]. requirements for getting the sort of To be eligible for the 2017-18 IELTS score that universities are looking Scholarship. This British Council The content of the test would not be a second language. 6. Currently. This is very year of study. last month’s EduCentre. a conditional offer for either “The highest band that anybody undergraduate or postgraduate can get is 9. Continued on page 6 Manager. they immerse global exam that’s recognised by themselves into the culture and universities in Britain. and the this. is for teachers teaching English as enhance their career skills. scholarships. Said Myat Lay Tint. Some Myanmar candidates regional level that offers up to have reached an incredible 8. language and naturally their English A teacher training session held by the British Council at the Yangon Institute of Technology. we are coming to go to university. but $58. Cambridge is Education Lynne Heslop said. One of these is the centre. We do that here in the teaching scholarships. including a 20-minute each individual country annually University’s Department of Politics to know which universities offer Council’s most popular speaking test and interview.” offerings would be its exams “I would say that people should Myanmar have won Hornby Cambridge University’s Centre of British Council’s Director and scholarships programs. Scholarship. Australia. “IELTS is a to a university abroad.5.000.” depending on the requirements of Ginny Rowlands.  Photos: Supplied Canada. The scores are called bands take an IELTS test at the British – most universities would expect Council’s test centre from April a band score of 6.org. “The British Council and reading that they’ll find in the administers and owns some test. British Council’s the university.

  Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing Service Charles Wallace Trust Fellowship • Course fee: K2. medicine): over in the UK are one-year courses. British Council’s from Myanmar -.000-£18. through the British Embassy. “The British Council regularly does next one is in March 2017. for engineering.ieltsasia. Kanna Road (near General • Offered by UK universities and fees are around £15. they look for top quality. get minimum band FutureLearn platform between April score of 6 in each of the four test 2015 and March 2016 The British Council facilitates education exhibitions annually. kind of personal statement they should be as part of UKVI application process annum (excluding living costs) Regarding what Myanmar students are looking writing to get into their dream university.org/en/ 256291. collect £18.000- for. universities.org britishcouncil.g. offers about ten Chevening scholarships a year.01-256290. So what students two working days after registration at October. Our latest piece of research shows offsite locations experience the quality of education is the most important • Contact details: Phone .6 million Myanmar users visited its US$262.000 members academic year • Nearly 40. Local prizes – three. University The UK offers this scheme in many countries to get good jobs after that degree.000 (subject to £22. provide acceptance letter from an institution by 30 June advantage of 2017. and so Myanmar Testing System (IELTS) Oxford University) and modern level.org.britishcouncil.org Kingdom for Myanmar students. Second: $14. Third: Certificate in English Language $7300. $2900 Teaching to Adults (CELTA) each • Who can apply: those with little/no • Contact details: Phones .org/en/ For teens: http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil. it’s about £16. Professionals or students can find out students often choose the UK. The • How to apply: submit online • Master’s degree (one year): £12. bringing in representatives • Clinical course (e. For Chevening. 370933.for undergraduate Myanmar language social networking or postgraduate study in 2017-18 website. 2017 • Scholarship value: Regional prizes . we have a strong focus on employability registration at http://takeielts. After that. including Myanmar.5 million Likes.org. Overall.Grand: First year tuition fee up to English Examinations US$58.britishcouncil.posted on British throughout the world.000.600.enquiries@mm.  Photo: Supplied . costs. thing they are looking for is employability. UK visa fees. they Post Office).01-256290. Lynne said.$197 English learning websites in the past • Venue: specific test location 12 months authorised by UKVI Learn English: http://learnenglish. The most expensive are the clinical onto an undergraduate degree in the UK. • How to apply: applications for two “I would also like to mention that the UK. students – how they should be preparing.000.000 per annum cheaper than studying for two years. or what Language Tests for UKVI) test result years): about £15.000 • Who can apply: mid-career • Venue: Yangon Teaching Centre/ professionals seeking international Continued from page 5 are looking for. 254658.” recognised anywhere in the world.khinphyusin.000 (for international students) research on what students need and what they recommendation letter from British • MBA (one year): £17.01-256290. The UK’s one-year course can give proper counselling and advice to the • Who can apply: those requiring IELTS about £16. a copy (used during stipend. are about ten scholarships a year at Master’s high ranking universities. Scholarships britishcouncil. Myanmar is out of sync with other countries • Examination fee: K260. the equal to the General Certificate of Secondary • Venue: 78. private sector: http://www. On Social Media present payment slip to the British • British Council’s Facebook page has Council 1. and for most other subjects. return airfare degree depends on the type and level of the matriculated students here cannot directly get registration) to the UK subject.000-£18. fill out IELTS Prize application form at http://www.000 Myanmar learners • How to apply: register for IELTS test participated in the free Massive with the British Council on/after Open Online Courses hosted on UK’s 1 April 2016.org reserved annual fellowships – in through the British Embassy.000 a year.org £35.educationuk. • Contact details: Phones . experience Email .000-£22. it’s from UK universities to help engage with the IELTS for UK Visas and Immigration £35. Council’s website when open The British Council promotes this scholarship because universities are very strongly linked britishcouncil. excluding living Education (GCSE) “O” level. 254658. They (UKVI) • Engineering course (three-four years): many other countries. political science (Department of prestigious Chevening scholarships.000-£35. The matriculates are considered change without prior notice) Scholarships Database including humanities and social sciences.britishcouncil.000 per international students. as (Mondays-Fridays) mm. like in students who want to study overseas. for Myanmar students.org form at British Council’s Customer The UK. UK degrees are internationally • Registration requirements: bring (maximum) costs are paid. 18s need to sign consent form) of South Asian Studies.org/ International English Language For teachers: http://www. 2016 • Application date: April 1.uk/ • Who can apply: permanent residents • Myanmar Network. The second • Who can apply: aged over 18 (under Burmese history and society (Centre more through the British Embassy website. There We’re lucky in the UK because we have many International English Language Politics and International Relations. offers the in the world they go. March/April competitive and a great opportunity for young learn is really up to date and they can get good the British Council • Study duration: three months people here. like medicine. Life Skills . of the world. what (one of the approved Secure English • Humanities and social sciences (three The tuition fee is roughly £12.000 for IELTS scores they should be aiming for.000. pay exam fee within • Application date: usually September/ and encourages people to apply – it is very to industries and businesses. britishcouncil. Testing System (IELTS) Prize teachingenglish.enquiries@mm. And in the • How to apply: submit online of Cambridge) -. international students) pay exam fee within two working days at Myanma Foreign Trade Bank. Some universities will offer to cover all the fees. 2016 - February 28. has 68. hundred percent jobs afterwards. • 1.500. What It Costs to Study in the United and some universities will give discounted fees The British Council also facilitates education Email . Kyauktada Township. UK. The • Registration hours: 8:30am-3:30pm • Contact details: education.britishcouncil. email completed British Council form with copy of IELTS test report to IELTSPrize@britishcouncil.” original national registration card/ • Scholarship value: £1400 per month In the UK.000 (for Council’s Examinations Department. need to either take a two-year “A” level course Yangon org/global/ Universities also offer individual scholarships. registration for UKVI. which can be more than standards and the age levels are different. Email .01-256290. previous English language teaching 256291.000 a year. or a foundation program to get entry to UK • Contact details: Phones .000 per annum is very intensive with no summer holiday break. programs December 31. the cost of doing an undergraduate Myanmar high school graduates or passport. For kids: http://learnenglishkids.000-£18.enquiries@mm.enquiries@ courses. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 66 LEARNING WITH How to take components. 256291. bringing in representatives from UK universities. • Examination fee: IELTS for UKVI . Most Master’s degrees exhibitions annually. 370933. It doesn’t matter where Email .org by 6pm.win@ • How to apply: fill out an application mm.org/ ielts-prize/myanmar.

conducted the On the assessment of training around the country from achievements: January to May. We didn’t even Emoon and Khine Thazin Han 5. full attendance days are very few.5 million areas. their daily lessons the class is easier than organising the when they are asked to write or with the Zika virus. active and crea. Education Research Bureau. training compared to the past: began developing the curriculum in to songs and poems with the kids. She shared with was introduced. the following along with the curriculum change: to think about what materials would that the new curriculum makes The KG kids would be ready to objectives included in the teaching Like always. mosquitoes. Both were trained to teach the new curricula are not exactly the same. New Zealand) Allowing kids to play and learn While the new KG-12 curriculum encourages critical thinking and creative learning. especially and acting out poetry. and also had to act out songs and The new syllabus aims to make children happy at school and become active learners. singing handwriting is good or not. The syllabus does not have the best approaches to teach them. Now.500. We tell parents that we have KG students nationwide. and so it’s easier to teach the warm weather. Their attendance would Education came into effect in the also be counted as full.  Photo: Staff The new KG syllabus is built We introduce kids to painting and poems. We don’t out at this stage [according to Dr Tun have to teach lessons to kids right Tint. In the past. an education how much each kid has learnt. It is from Basic Education High School not fully successful. these eight letters that are Teachers may be a bit exhausted based on Pali language would not playing games. The Department of no doubt. when the new curriculum teacher for 32 years. To employ a result-oriented by parents. calculated monthly. Of the 33 letters in 17 academic year: the Myanmar alphabet. courses are fewer. 2016. review them in all the six learning there are approximately 1. According There are daily assessments as to to Dr Win Aung. They enjoy dengue fever and malaria. but now of our kids. At present. that the syllabus The Myanmar Times her observations should not be misjudged just on the old and new KG syllabuses. though. To have a smooth transition to difference between the new and old the 1st Standard. there are advantages be good for the children based on the kids more active and less bashful attend the 1st Standard as we had methodology have to be achieved by and disadvantages. some kids would not have comprehensive development of one. be a reduction in the attendance The Department of Myanmar percentage. One major under the new syllabus as an silent. to ask any question they want convenient for them. Lessons to be just write their lessons fast and On her expectations for those observation of basic mathematics. When we talk to them about means all the KG kids are set and 3. I don’t see much 6. We tell them that if they keep system. all of the kids 2. according to 2011 statistics: around 85%. keen them out with writing. At ing a new curriculum and teaching least one or two kids would always methods. 4. how to use them and to be to ask questions: already prepared them for it. they do it shoddily. This method for each learning area have to send their kids to school just to focus more because of the many not. as they think they do not Under the old system. We are lessons we had to teach. but the learning result does Educational Planning and Training.000 (approximately) (Source: Myanmar International TV) School enrolment rate. completion rate: just over 81%. we felt happy. they won’t get any marks and learnt all the words where others children challenge is less enthusiasm shown academic year comes to a close: encourage them to say anything would have. The new syllabus has understand the subject matter that trying to make parents understand are only a few lessons and kids are they used to associate them with developed self-reliance in the minds they are studying the benefits of sending their kids more inclined to play. We consultant for the new curriculum. and we acquiring a healthy body and them writing. To put into practice appropriate as they would have tried different about test preparations anymore. There are no tests and the curriculum introduced in the 2016. KG teacher Daw San San Aye. The the teachers: be exhausted at the end of the day. and we have have to put extra effort in improving 1st Standard. Myanmar Language Commission from the beginning of the year. To make children better to learn these kinds of lessons. according to an education consultant: 1. To make children happy at parents. whether it’s correct or would have learnt the same. introduc. as we allow them transition would be smooth and 1. not differ much. With the old teaching methods for the approaches to come up with the best On developments seen in children to. 2016-17 academic year. In the past. children had they want to. We were 2012 with the intention of upgrading We also need to be monitoring taught the prescribed courses and Myanmar’s education level to be on them. we had our age. curriculum. classes would be full during to the 12th Standard – imple. a KG teacher them to send their kids regularly. (Source: The English Language Training for Officials (ELTO) program. singing and dancing be appropriate in KG but would be . interaction. Yangon. syllabus regarding the development Ninety thousand KG teachers and learning process of the kids. Though we were affected by around six learning areas: colouring. The new system aims to be absent. to attend a pre-school and had to be in teacher’s guidebooks. behavioural and emotional to hold each kid’s hand and help playing games. although children T HE new KG-12 education sys. dancing. but they are surprisingly relating them Translation by San Layy. which will have a and appreciating the natural taught separately. To enable children to enjoy regularly to class. But we are fine with it. like looking for these kids. They we encouraged them to speak up. those who did not have the chance taught on a daily basis are detailed show them to us. But now. we were a bit tired actively They are not worried whether their didn’t know [they knew] about it until mind. though.000 Total number of KG children across the nation. new syllabus in the coming 2017- environment. under the MoE. revision time as they want to do the mented by the Department of Basic exercises. There were different things. have to teach them about that. teachers are also coming to terms with it – and that parents can be part of the challenge Ei Shwe Phyu taught in Standard 1]. creative. taught the On whether the parents’ lack of old KG curriculum for the past nine enthusiasm is related to experts academic years and has been a warning. Regarding challenges coming teaching aids.  evaluations every day and persuade Daw San San Aye. In fact. we teachers passing KG and will be attending enjoying and creating art. We need to take time On comments by some teachers 18 academic year: Moreover. for instance. Teachers would guidebooks. under  Photo: Ei Shwe Phyu On what was taught at KG teachers’ the Ministry of Education (MoE). As attendance is now encourage critical. many lessons. school and become active learners Personally. At learn lessons. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 LEARNING WITH 77 QUICK READ Total number of kindergarten teachers trained to teach the new curriculum: 90. to make preparations. ready to go. par with international standards. (6) Botahtaung. there would tive thinking. eight are left I like this new curriculum. may be absent from class at other tem – kindergarten through times. development. member. because it does not have any tests: Her opinion on the new Exactly. We don’t need to be worried They are not shy. So. teaching reciting and acting out poems. there insects.

who is have to settle for low wages. according modest demographic dividend may administration] into an economic If this trend prevails. he pointed to the International Labour evaporate. play a crucial role in creating jobs. to fit into the CSR [corporate social responsibility].” importers of products. Telecoms: 23pc annual growth/employment growth from near zero to 0. big push from the government. Cambodia. namely university graduates. Laos jobs.000 people were sectors have clocked unexpected 2016 to 2030 about 3. oil and gas.5 many of these jobs fall under the who are unable to find their place are strategically located bordering between what the employers need billion. the garment. it is not related. Myanmar’s rich date. education and skills training is now. can enjoy the fruits of this political Myanmar workers will lose out and three years.3 million. and the momentum to drive its economy. Myanmar needs more foreign direct investment to power its manufacturing sector. from food to Graduates come with outdated According to Ye Min Aung. production.5 to 2. say experts. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 88 LEARNING WITH QUICK READ Agriculture: 4 percent annual growth. enough domestic employment but enough jobs for new job seekers. especially in the area of human jobs for local staff and also provide Myanmar should be able to create task for the authorities to create With 53. young people “Our strength is location.000 workers and slightly more “Unless millions of new jobs are “We need to turn our political market demands. UNFPA miracle so people living in out that skilled foreigners will M YANMAR has a Herculean Organisation’s report last November. entering Myanmar to create more an ideal location in the region – conditions. We need stability at the is a mismatch between what 2015.1 to 0. Big ticket growth.” further job creation in the country. told The Myanmar Times. some policy positive and China is slowing down. stable employment. But the ground reality seems to “We need public and private A report released by the Ministry Over the last decade. In the first nine service and sales.8 to 7. is than half of that number works created. its plans. According to the agency’s 2014 growth and electricity scarcity that of business and ideas to drive the between 2013 and 2014.7 million jobs from a rudimentary infrastructure still at an infant stage. the million new jobs would be needed suggest otherwise to some extent. Energy: 5pc annual growth/employment growth from 0. forestry and fishery. still better than its more developed Myanmar Population and Housing discourage industries. the job market every year. create at least a million new jobs by is considered low compared level of employment for its people also the Managing Director of the He urged multinational 2020 for its young population. proactive and pragmatic policies. needed by the labour market. companies spend chunks of their “The government should its current economic model and “It is very difficult to create jobs.3 million. borders to encourage border trade. universities produce and what the of Investment and Companies 738. and from The country is still suffering employment. the vice president of the Union of electricity. announced in early sectors like power and agriculture. . a capital development. may make it a daunting production network. natural resources and economy. “Implementing of policies is flow of investment. Myanmar has to rely on foreign ASEAN peers. garment to be more practical and modernise. agriculture. compared to $4. form alliances with local schools to reforms are needed to speed up The government needs to have and Thailand. including encourage foreign investors to do education structure may hinder The global economic trend is not so growing consumer markets. uncertainties gripping the global investment (FDI) and developing He said economic growth is telecommunication companies. contribute to the creation of jobs. It has managed to attract a steady garments. much more. who are potential “We need drastic change. tourism. it is straddled between five fast budget to train new staff. There recorded in the same period of Collectively. “Myanmar needs to position especially in remote states. China. June 2015) Made-in-Myanmar jobs The target is one million jobs – urgently needed – and the government and private sector need to do some handholding and be focused if there is to be any headway Cottage industries need technology to transform into high-growth production centres.  Photo: EPA  Photo: Aung Htay Hlaing Vijian Paramasivam in garment production. and over 50 percent eke out a living Aung. and craft – and Without new jobs. curriculums are not up-to. textile may become disillusioned and not optimised. according to the Directorate and footwear industry employs reach their full potential. However.5 to 2. “The time to invest in jobs.” said Ye Min Aung. Manufacturing: 10pc annual growth/employment growth from 1.Our private sector is revealed about 870.4 million. Therefore.9 billion informal sector. where training. while (Association of Business Executives. the prospect of even a miracle [the switch to civilian said Suren. in the labour market and in society five nations but they are not fully and the talents produced. and oil and gas and we need more vocational but all the sectors are in need of a in the agriculture sector alone. which Myanmar could generate a high miracle. Representative for Myanmar said in impoverished areas and in poverty dominate the labour market and task to achieve in the next The unemployment rate is a statement then. relatively low-wage labour market. so we need employed by the industry. that could hamper fast economic a government with strong sense number of jobs rose by nearly 50. especially in growth has brought opportunity to Dynamics. corporations. establish institutions.000 tipped to grow at 6.” he added. by encouraging more foreign direct Myanmar Agriculture Public Corp Ltd. Tourism & Hospitality: 17pc annual growth/employment growth from 0. observers. (Source: UK Trade & Investment. these jobs are found in dividend. partnership intervention to attract of Hotels and Tourism last year manufacturing and agriculture over the next four years. concepts. which is to hovering at about 4pc. Population (UNFPA) predicts one jobs. the The United Nations Fund for sectors could help generate more training.” Administration. representative of the ABE Myanmar labour intensive industries. country direct investment. Ye Min gemstone industry. More.3 million. sectors like agriculture. we super slow. mining. Its steadfast economic Census Thematic Report on Population investments are yet to reach key Suren Verma. India. needed. nation’s main employer.9 million people. There is a huge gap months of 2016 FDI stood at US$3.2 million. About 31 million of Myanmar’s Myanmar Federation of Chambers In addition. Financial Services: 23pc annual growth/employment growth from near zero to 0. manpower.” Janet Jackson. to the thousands of youths entering January. producing graduates with the skills not ready to create a million jobs in reduction of poverty. Universities and colleges need manufacturing and tourism will population are in the workforce of Commerce and Industries. plus local economic trade by plugging into the global currently private sector driven.6 million. itself to harness a demographic education institutions are not United Kingdom) said the country is the improvement in wages and a Mainly. say such a short span of time. Construction: 8pc annual growth/employment growth from 0. especially With all the ingredients – land. will be required. to regional figures.9pc this year.

technology through their daily “At Eton House Yangon and communicators. As genuine love for lifelong learning in such. language. that is children develop “Our classrooms and environment nationalities. positive self-concepts. May 18. who are on what the adult wants. or work outdoors to use development of young children. The integrated and stimulating personalities and an understanding program offered at the campus is of themselves. fun and collaborative and not based and developed after World War II spontaneously in a natural everyday tasks.” Education Group started its and dispositions to make sense of to excel in life and in all educational Reggio Emilia in Italy]. by a psychologist. like the primary bilingual promotes a lifelong love for learning.000 (for high schoolers) (Source: The Myanmar Times. like measurements and stimulate the curiosity. the children with opportunities for curriculum which aims to build and singularly most important program. we also raise healthy in Singapore. brain hailed by the Newsweek magazine as development is the most significant. learning and have established standards Phone: +951-657225 ability to communicate effectively counting. Yangon learning. daycare center 2466 Number of ECCDs: 740 Number of daycare centres: 85 (Source: Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association website) Annual fees for international pre-schools: range from roughly US$4200 to $11. the group is a The EHY offers a range of nursery for primary schooling but also for research on how children learn best children as we encourage healthy global organisation with over 100 sessions for pre-schoolers: their whole life. Think. knowledge Such a foundation helps a child and parents in the villages around meaningful and relevant process. We have human. The learning. “Eton House schools are highly therefore critical that the learning world around them. of excellence in international www. children are immersed “Through careful planning present in the classroom at all the Eton House International Myo Sandi Tun Thein said. logical thinking skills. as thinkers and communicators Early education that offers all-round experiences and makes learning fun is attracting more children. interactions. Over the last two 48/B. the best in the world. inquiries. takes place them to become independent in support the development of strong.9pc (Source: Save the Children Myanmar) QUICK READ Number of pre-school children: pre-primary school 23. we work with an environment. we strongly believe in started several innovative Mandarin and one that offers stimulation and organised environment provides of observation as the basis of a the ‘Image of Child’ as the first programs. 10. investigation and research. operations in 1995. It prepares them not only approach is based on international “Moreover. said Myo Sandi Tun and has been designed to integrate eating by exposing and introducing schools in 12 countries and over Thein.  and highly in tune with children’s Children learn numeracy and ideas and interests. both physical and Mandarin program offered. “The child develops a love for mathematical understanding. based on international observation of children engaged in best practice. Kan Yeik Thar Street. They House’s “Inquire. different nationalities as well as over. the they cook.com. Learn” access this study of children’s ideas pedagogy is a holistic and child and interests to determine the responsive approach that develops a next step in curriculum delivery. vice principal of the Eton learning across all areas of the them to healthy meals and foods. Pre-School caters to children from our pre-schools. through or access blocks for develop academic knowledge and height. the renowned Eton play and work experiences. which makes it a The Eton House International equipped with the skills. therefore. the Eton House campuses Mayangone township. The Eton House literacy through engaging learning curriculum positions children as experiences within the inquiry. toddler centres in Reggio Emilia and During this period. We value and support Teachers at Eton House are trained in the observation of children engaged in play and work experiences. where our English. We believe we can relevant context. which incorporates and integrated programs offer a centres for children were opened at physical and cognitive development.” Myo Sandi Tun Thein added. as are purposefully designed to decades. 2015) Children. Headquartered the world around them.etonhouse. It is also a time when children by colleagues working in world develop their academic knowledge renowned pre-schools and infant and skills in numeracy and literacy. . The Mandarin now over 25 international standard with mathematics. Language physical skills that will support outcomes. we highlight how a school in Yangon nurtures pre-schoolers. In this month’s EduCentre issue.000 (for pre-school children) and from $13.” confident individuals. active participants in their own based learning approach. is that of a very high quality purposefully designed and well.632. and the world around inspired by the work undertaken them.  Photos: Supplied regarded for the quality of the environment. Mandarin early childhood Many pre-schools or daycare growth of their social.  offered with a Mandarin teacher Located in Mayangone township. inquiry-based curriculum.000 to upward of $25.mm with children and teachers of spatial language as they climb up.  [EHY]. “In in an integrated multi-lingual and implementation of child-led times.” she said.” competent and capable thinkers integrated bilingual program is pre-schools in and around Yangon.000 children from 61 different Contact information: House International Pre-School. children gain knowledge “Education is as much as about 18 months of age to six years old. Loris Malaguzzi. curriculum. children’s curiosity and skills “At EHY. consideration. It is Early education develops a child’s understanding of the An inquiry-based approach is built around research on how children learn best. “Teachers are trained in the Moreover. inspired Myanmar and Mandarin teachers about the world around them acquiring the disposition to learn It offers an environment where by the Reggio Emilia approach [an interact with children in their and develop problem solving and as it is about tangible learning learning happens in a natural and educational philosophy focused on respective languages. and there are Young children develop familiarity collaboration and team membership acknowledging children as second language. the pedagogy of listening and strong foundation in learning a the beginning of 2010. environment. science and abilities. the syllabus is individualised children. where learning is pre-school and primary education learning.” contexts. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 LEARNING WITH 99 Percent of children having access to early childhood care and development centres (ECCD): about 22. skills of exploration and discovery. T HE early years in a child’s life Eton House International Pre- are a very significant time and School Yangon began operations in it helps them develop their 2015. as proven by research. This said Myo Sandi Tun Thein. measurement and geometry. Tin Yadanar Tun education from kindergarten to senior years.

Allowing students to revisit and now allow teachers to design argues that teachers integrate digital students learn and understand The use of virtual worlds for repeat lessons multiple times to three-dimensional interactive and technologies most effectively when things. which has long been In the classroom settings but also in secondary used as an education tool. there are to present information in template. including body language. cultures) to students in ways that to “take” students to otherwise spent time on exchange in China. Chinese language and culture to own understanding. 2017 sophisticated virtual worlds. sees some teachers and students classroom practices. as it allows 3. different platforms allow them to Virtual and augmented reality for errors to be made without the interaction between students as they While the technical skills represent content in different ways. video. heard. technology to enter the educational Torres Straight Islander histories and These worlds allow teachers students in Australia before they 5. For example. landscape is Augmented Reality (AR). world. can program these kinds of tools My work at the Royal Botanic they represent content. Putting students in control teachers. which meant they could explore mean this is likely to be a real Gardens has been designed A virtual world is typically The program allows teachers to and interact independently. Monash University gestures. A lack of non-verbal clues. While considering the technology. improved challenges such as slow response But this isn’t always a good thing. Reducing apprehension and more immersive experience. as the Oculus Rift and HTC Vive Research of the TPACK concept contexts. schools and ways. teachers are also considering the contexts in which they are working. technology catastrophic consequences in real were reacting and sharing a virtual associated with this kind of work This means they can engage their For a number of years. where everybody sees near future. world called Second Life. Only more recently are we seeing and scientific worlds allow users to embarrassment. which otherwise The release of relatively low pedagogical and content knowledge technology being designed and represent abstract topics in ways impede experimentation in cost. change the way they work and infer more meaning through these The potential of this form of teach to fit in with technology. Improved graphics cards in audio or text are “triggered” to universities have had to computers also allow students to appear by a printed image. not the teacher. student motivation.  Photo: AFP different devices that can be worn Melbourne. incompatible softwares and The use of digital technologies construction and enhanced incompatible environmental settings. avatars In some educational uses of AR. collaboration and knowledge times. utilised specifically for education that would otherwise be difficult or activities like role-playing. considerations of the technological. some mathematical 1. virtual worlds to enhance the way initiative was conducted in a virtual of their avatar. Once the students have been able to grasp this abstract content with the help of the technology. However. medicine and maths tend were researched. These considerations are helping teachers to make choices other than just PowerPoint when it comes to the inclusion of technologies in their teaching practice. laptop computer. AR overlays the carbon cycle through an AR environments. move and respond in more realistic three-dimensional images. subtle and thoughtful ways by teachers. in would be otherwise difficult to do. for to be realised not only in tertiary example. students are Science. Unlike option for many teachers in the to use AR technology with a a multi-user. are beyond the capacities of many students in more comprehensive have been customising their own One particularly innovative 4. Looking through a tablet device. Emerging digital technologies such as AR are now being considered in complex. simulation of medical procedures reinforce key understanding. . particular pedagogical approach environment in which users world with 100 university students. an animated representation of the carbon cycle appears over the real world setting in front of the students. which means much of teachers were able to access virtual Over the past 18 months. digital experience. sanitise the way teachers present on the user’s head. educational AR application for use Research shows that software such They are now able to access in the Royal Botanic Gardens in as PowerPoint can homogenise and A virtual world allows teachers to “take” students to otherwise impossible locations. used as a way pedagogical repertoire of teachers. Studies have reported increased still technological and pedagogical bite-size formats. impossible locations. conversations. self-directed learning. allowing them to grasp a concept that can’t be seen with the naked eye. create and teach in a virtual PowerPoint. F OR many years. in increasingly smart phone. designed for education. teachers procedures. individual environments for their they consider the ways in which is well-documented. advances in the way we learning activities. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 1010 LEARNING WITH How virtual reality technology is changing the way students learn Michael Phillips said they feel restricted because objects utilising the camera on a Lecturer: Digital Technologies in they can’t use their hands for mobile device such as a tablet or Education. and it’s changing the way impossible in real life. touched or smelled. Encouraging better social students. examples of where and when Research shows that although it has been a staple tool in these technologies may fit into the this type of technology enhanced education settings. educational technology is beginning Software like PowerPoint. students and The future templates. the same information in the same (constructivism) and to represent interact with one another through A series of collaborative activities way at the same time. rather than through email. number of key areas including: Some students have reportedly digital information on real world overlay of the cycle triggered by the geometric shape of specific trees. presenting information using In the recent past. wasn’t Research is starting to provide schools. teachers then have the choice of other digital or non-digital activities from which they can choose to have their students apply this knowledge. computer-based design. I have the individual character of teachers’ worlds only through a desktop or been working on a different practices can be lost. gestures Unlike virtual environments. 2. data illustrated cited in studies as negatively and the user is immersed in a fully introduced to the concept of to be particularly suited to virtual significant improvements in a impacting communication. Nonetheless. a virtual Augmented reality particular content (environmental pre-programmed avatars or digital were used to introduce aspects of world allows students to create their One of the most recent forms of sustainability and Aboriginal and representations of the user. allowing for a This work is grounded in information to their students. pedagogy and content influencing their choices. virtual reality headsets such (TPACK) requirements of teachers. January 11. When the effects of this program and facial expressions. has been which the real world is obscured For example.

  Photo: Aung Myin Ye Zaw teaching of the language was hospital. Among them. The department was formed on Suzhou. a separate donated to the National Library. the Queen Alexandra’s under the Department of Oriental Children’s Hospital in Mandalay. Group. Discussions be linked with the Dulwich College covered six sectors and relevant in England. Seoul. teachers and parents at the Yangon Region education get-together. Department of Myanmar University Library and mobile Language was established in libraries. the department in promoting the Myanmar language for the past 75 The Burma Alphabet book years. International Friendship The founding of the department Group chair Daw Ohnmar Tun has was in itself historic in the annals republished the book. and at the national level. 2016. The objective is to give talented students a deeper Ei Shwe Phyu understanding of hands-on work experience as an intern in a Myanmar Language celebrated related field and to improve their Yangon University’s Department skills. Studies. When Alphabet. The event also aims to increase coordination between the welfare service committee and parent- teacher associations and regional authorities. The original book Yangon University began as the was written by Lady Wheeler- University College in 1920. Monthly educational activities have been held since 1998 in an effort to upgrade education in public schools. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 LEARNING WITH 1111 from December 2016 to June Education in 2017 in Singapore. 2016. of The Burma Alphabet will be students and others. The said a policy can be finalised by two branches of Dulwich College March 31 after ongoing discussions Yangon are to be found in Star City at respective states and regions. of Myanmar Language Operational since late last year. education and lifelong learning The college is a private English at the MiCasa Hotel in Yangon on school and the first in Myanmar to December 19-21. and Singapore. it did Cuffe Charlotte in 1920 and not have a separate Department was sold then at five rupees a of Myanmar Language and the copy to raise funds for a new Alternative Education Department’s director general Dr Khine Myae at the policy planning workshop. The Burma of education in Myanmar. and Pun Hlaing estates. It is among a network professionals in their fields were of Dulwich colleges in Asian involved. to establish a policy planning Children aged between 2 and 14 framework for alternative are eligible to apply. teachers and students. are Translation by Kyaw Soe Htet completed. easier. held its first workshop classes that will begin in August.  Photo: Zarni Phyo Get-together for 2016-17 academic year The Yangon Region held its education get-together event for the 2016-17 academic year on January 3 at the No 4 Basic Education High School in Ahlone township. electronic and electrical by President U Htin Kyaw. Students on a six-month internship in Singapore Ten outstanding students from the Singapore-Myanmar Vocational Training Institute (SMVTI) are on a six-month internship program . commemorated its diamond SMVTI offers 10 courses lasting jubilee on December 22-24. Beijing. Due to strenuous Half of the 1000 reprints efforts by patriotic teachers. plus October 1. six months each in hospitality and 2016 with an opening address tourism. cities such as Shanghai. The remaining half will 1941. The skills. studying how companies there manage their Brief businesses. Workshop on alternative Dulwich College Yangon education and lifelong learning accepting students The Alternative Education Dulwich College Yangon is Department. January 3 of every year has been designated as the annual day for holding an education get-together for parents. More than 230 teachers and students from the region received outstanding awards at the event. The department’s a couple of Dulwich college high director general Dr Khine Myae schools in Suzhou and Zhuhai. The department now be sold at US$10 a copy and the also hosts a number of foreign proceeds will be used to support students studying the Myanmar the International Friendship language. He also called for preserving reprinted and simultaneously developing With the objective of making the the country’s own language and learning of the English language literature. Students. under the Ministry of enrolling new students now for Education. facilities management and President appreciated the efforts of engineering services.

It is advisable to attend certification. Technical architects or IT systems architects By learning these languages. be gained through on-the-job-training. One Security specialists (ICT) Beginners should start with computer basics wishing to seriously pursue further studies would be able to create their own applications Software and application programmers to get thorough basic knowledge. especially suited for web development) are Mobile application developers Programming. Basically. C++. it ICT managers tion and been inspired by characters eventually will be a plus at one’s workplace. and the fees can run up to some hundreds of However. or a software engineering the most popular courses. around six months to complete a SE course online tutorial websites are free of charge. Books or websites Screenshot of an online tutorial website. the Technical authors understand programming but also study how finishing this SE course. is one of those subjects that would are available for self-study. thousands of kyats. languages can be chosen for the process. that offer at a young age. a popular online game. this course only after learning some skills in online universities. one can not only a programming language. applications. If not. it if books related to these topics are sought and Translation by San Layy and Win Thaw Tar Windows administrators would be more appropriate if beginners first studied. different programming both together. Basic knowledge is needed for self. and if one is trained systematically. when one desires to have Test analysts (ICT) C# or an appropriate programming language. C# is similar to Java to practise it.l. this is a road not There are special courses for those who easily travelled. or a university degree holder create web applications that run on Windows wanting to switch to software engineering. Android or IOS). It would be best behind. IT project managers On-screen heroics aside. centres. there are programs Telecommunications technical specialists certain task.g. It is better to start studying programming Technicians (gallery. Generally. developing and implementing various sets of schools only after the basic level is completed.i. for software engineers. but the learning Skills process goes beyond books and classrooms in ICT Application developers Analyst programmers Archivists Business intelligence analysts Cartographers Chief information officers Cloud computing operators (not available locally yet) Communications trade workers Computer network professionals Computer games developers Computer service and repair technicians Database and systems administrators Data entry clerks (no specific training available yet) Data managers (no specific training available yet) Data mining/data warehousing technicians Enterprise application and integration professionals E-learning developers Forensic computer analysts Helpdesk professionals Starcraft. ICT business and systems analysts M ANY of us have watched with admira. Web editors through online tutorial websites and books. the changes fundamental level at a training centre. study. EduCentre FEBRUARY 2017 1212 LEARNING WITH Programming your way into the future HOT Young IT geeks are fascinated by software engineering. . Whether one is a high school are interested in becoming Web developers. trainees should study essential subjects such changes that take place in their field of Web developers Although students can study these as advanced database management system or expertise. engineers have to practise what they have Virtualisation operators (a general-purpose computer programming When exploring software engineering. although seem to be easy at the beginning but is pretty one should always first complete the For those who wish to write mobile Network professionals (ICT) challenging throughout – in fact. it can still be difficult learning never stops. Today. Multimedia specialists and web developers course. even after And finally. fees have to be paid to some C and C++ are the most popular languages.e. Online game developing is one of special software engineering courses. Telecommunications trades workers Beginners should consider studying C. without depending on training ICT trainers global computing network. Those has chosen to write (e. . or languages that one wishes to use could ICT support and test engineers Richard Hendricks in Silicon Valley) and how be self-taught through tutorial websites they achieved their objectives by using the or books.NET (helps Library technicians engineering is. specific training classes have Programmers in it are so rapid. Java.  Photo: AFP Indexers Information scientists Kyi Tha Maung attend a basic course at a training centre or school.d. their knowledge through online information Technical sales representatives Computer programming is the process of Although SE courses are offered at some and courses. (SE) courses. in tech movies (Lyle in The Italian Job) Once the basic level is completed. These would after going through a mobile developer training should choose a programming subject in which be generally termed as software engineering course for a few months and then expanding Systems administrators they want to specialise. Not only do software a computer system works. Do otherwise and you will be left programming languages in classes or system analysis and design. there never seems to be an Next.h. Then they can sign for advanced courses. ICT support technicians and TV series (Skye in Agents of S. further knowledge and expertise can emerged based on what mobile platform one end to learning programming. usually. IT support technicians leaver wishing to explore what software for instance. It may take from three to designed specially for children. Moreover. being introduced by its developer. learnt but they also have to be alert to the Web content managers language) and it is more widely used. a devices) and PHP (scripting language that is Media equipment operators programming course is necessary. more prominent. library and museum) instructions to a computer to enable it to do a there are others.