t
ADVANCED LEVEL
n s
e
(Grade 12 and 13)
m
om
COMBINED MATHEMATICS
r C SYLLABUS
(Effective from 2017)
Fo
Department of Mathematics
Faculty of Science and Technology
National Institute of Education
Maharagama
SRI LANKA
ii i
Combined Mathematics
Grade 12 and 13  syllabus
nts
National Institute of Education
First print 2017
me
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ISBN :
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Department of Mathematics
Faculty of Science and Technology Fo
National Institute of Education
www.nie.lk
Printed by :
iiii ii
CONTENTS
1.0 Introduction
nts ......................................... iv
2.0
3.0
Common National Goals
Basic Competencies
me .........................................
.....................................
v
vi
om ......................................... viii
5.0
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Relationship between the common national
goals and the objectives of the syllabus ......................................... ix
6.0
7.0
Fo
Proposed plan in the allocation of competency
levels in the syllabus into the school terms
......................................... 1
x
iiiiii iii
1.0 INTRODUCTION
The aim of education is to turn out creative children who would suit the modern world. To achieve this, the school curriculum should be revised according to
the needs of the time.
nts
e
Thus, it had been decided to introduce a competency based syllabus in 2009. The earlier revision of the G.C.E. (Advanced Level) Combined Mathematics
syllabus was conducted in 1998. One of the main reason for the need to revise the earlier syllabus had been that in the Learning  Teaching Assessment
m
process, competencies and competency levels had not been introduced adequately. It has been planned to change the existing syllabus that had been
designed on a content based approach to a competency based curriculum in 2009. In 2007, the new curriculum revision which started at Grades 6 and 10 had
m
introduced a competency based syllabi to Mathematics. This was continued at Grades 7 and 11 in 2008 and it continued to Grades 8 and 12 in 2009.
Co
Therefore, a need was arisen to provide a competency based syllabus for Combined Mathematics at G.C.E.(Advanced Level) syllabus the year 2009.
After implementing the Combined Mathematics syllabus in 2009 it was revisited in the year 2012. In the following years teachers views and experts opinion
or
about the syllabus, was obtained and formed a subject comittee for the revision of the Combined Mathematics syllabus by acommodating above opinions the
committee made the necessary changes and revised the syllabus to implement in the year 2017.
F
The student who has learnt Mathematics at Grades 611 under the new curriculum reforms through a competency based approach, enters grade 12 to learn
Combined Mathematics at Grades 12 and 13 should be provided with abilities, skills and practical experiences for his future needs. and these have been
identified and the new syllabus has been formulated accordingly. It is expected that all these competencies would be achieved by pupils who complete
learning this subject at the end of Grade 13.
Pupils should achieve the competencies through competency levels and these are mentioned under each learning outcomes
It also specifies the content that is needed for the pupils to achieve these competency levels. The number of periods that are needed to implement the
process of LearningTeaching and Assessment also mentioned in the syllabus.
Other than the facts mentioned regarding the introduction of the new curriculum, what had already been presented regarding the introduction of Combined
Mathematics Syllabus earlier which are mentioned below too are valid.
iviv iv
To decrease the gap between G.C.E. (Ordinary Level) Mathematics and G.C.E. (Advanced Level) Combined Mathematics.
To provide Mathematics knowledge to follow Engineering and Physical Science courses.
To provide a knowledge in Mathematics to follow Technological and other course at Tertiary level.
s
To provide Mathematics knowledge for commercial and other middle level employment.
life.
ent
To provide guidance to achieve various competencies on par with their mental activities and to show how they could be developed throughout
mm
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or
F
vv v
2.0 Common National Goals
s
The national system of education should assist individuals and groups to achieve major national goals that are relevant to the individual and society.
ent
Over the years major education reports and documents in Sri Lanka have set goals that sought to meet individual and national needs. In the light of the
weaknesses manifest in contemporary educational structures and processes, the National Education Commission has identified the following set of goals
to be achieved through education within the conceptual framework of sustainable human development.
I
m
Nation building and the establishment of a Sri Lankan identity through the promotion of national cohesion, national integrity, national unity, harmony
m
and peace, and recognizing cultural diversity in Sri Lankas plural society within a concept of respect for human dignity.
II
III
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Recognizing and conserving the best elements of the nations heritage while responding to the challenges of a changing world.
Creating and supporting an environment imbued with the norms of social justice and a democratic way of life that promotes respect for human rights,
IV
or
awareness of duties and obligations, and a deep and abiding concern for one another.
Promoting the mental and physical wellbeing of individuals and a sustainable life style based on respect for human values.
V
VI
VII
F
Developing creativity, initiative, critical thinking, responsibility, accountability and other positive elements of a wellintegrated and balance personality.
Human resource development by educating for productive work that enhances the quality of life of the individual and the nation and contributes to
the economic development of Sri Lanka.
Preparing individuals to adapt to and manage change, and to develop capacity to cope with complex and unforeseen situations in a rapidly changing
world.
VIII Fostering attitudes and skills that will contribute to securing an honourable place in the international community, based on justice, equality and mutual
respect.
vivi vi
3.0 Basic Competencies
s
The following Basic Competencies developed through education will contribute to achieving the above National Goals.
(i) Competencies in Communication
ent
Competencies in Communication are based on four subjects: Literacy, Numeracy, Graphics and IT proficiency.
m
Literacy : Listen attentively, speck clearly, read for meaning, write accurately and lucidly and communicate ideas effectively.
Numeracy : Use numbers for things, space and time, count, calculate and measure systematically.
Graphics :
m
Make sense of line and form, express and record details, instructions and ideas with line form and color.
o
IT proficiency : Computeracy and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in learning, in the work environment and in
personal life.
r
(ii) Competencies relating to Personality Development
C



o
General skills such as creativity, divergent thinking, initiative, decision making, problem solving, critical and analytical thinking, team
F
work, interpersonal relations, discovering and exploring;
Values such as integrity, tolerance and respect for human dignity;
Emotional intelligence.
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Included here are skills in using tools and technologies for learning, working and living.
n
(iv) Competencies relating to Preparation for the World of Work.
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Employment related skills to maximize their potential and to enhance their capacity
to contribute to economic development,
to discover their vocational interests ad aptitudes,
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to choose a job that suits their abilities, and
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to engage in a rewarding and sustainable livelihood.
C
o
(v) Competencies relating to Religion and Ethics
F
Assimilating and internalizing values, so that individuals may function in a manner consistent with the ethical, moral and religious modes of
conduct in everyday living, selecting that which is most appropriate.
(vi) Competencies in Play and the Use of Leisure
Pleasure, joy, emotions and such human experiences as expressed through aesthetics, literature, play, sports and athletics, leisure pursuits
and other creative modes of living.
viiiviii viii
4.0 AIMS OF THE SYLLABUS
(ii)
ts
To provide the students experience on strategies of solving mathematical problems.
n
e
(iii) To improve the students knowledge of logical thinking in mathematics.
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(iv) To motivate the students to learn mathematics.
m
This syllabus was prepared to achieve the above objectives through learning mathematics. It is expected not only to improve the knowledge of math
o
ematics but also to improve the skill of applying the knowledge of mathematics in their day to day life and character development through this new
syllabus.
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When we implement this competency Based Syllabus in the learning  teaching process.
o
Meaningful Discovery situations provided would lead to learning that would be more student centred.
F
It will provide competencies according to the level of the students.
Teacher's targets will be more specific.
Teacher can provide necessary feed back as he/she is able to identify the student's levels of achieving each competency level.
Teacher can play a transformation role by being away from other traditional teaching methods.
When this syllabus is implemented in the classroom the teacher should be able to create new teaching techniques by relating to various situations under
given topics according to the current needs.
For the teachers it would be easy to assess and evaluate the achievement levels of students as it will facilitate to do activities on each competency level
in the learning teaching process.
In this syllabus, the sections given below are helpful in the teaching  learning process of Combined Mathematics.
ixix ix
iii
A Basic Course for G.C.E (Advanced Level)
Combind Mathematics
No. of
Competency Competency Level Content Learning outcome
Periods
1. Review of 1.1 Expands algebric Expansion of a 2 b 2 , a 3 b 3 Applies the formula to simplify algebraic
Basic expressions expression. 04
and (a b c)2 , (a b c)3
Algebra
1.2 Factorises algebraic expres Factorisation for a 2 b 2 , a 3 b3 Factorises algebraic expression by
sions
04
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Equations with algebraic fractions,
simultaneous equations up to three
Solves equations by using factorisation
formulaes involved expansion
F
1.5 Simplifies expressions Rules of indicies fundamental Simplifies expressions involves indices.
involving indices and properties of logarithies Solve equations with indices.
logarithims Simplifies logarithims expressions.
02
Solves equations with logarathims
1
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2. Geometry 2.1 Identifies theorems involving Pyhtagarus theorem acule angled Describes the theorem when two 04
Analyses rectangles in circle and uses theorem obtuse angled theorem chords intersect. and the theorem
plane geom
etry
is Geometry problems. applloniuis theorem.
en t s
involved alternate segments.
Uses the above theorems to solve
problems.
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2.2 Applies pythagoras theorem Pythagoras theorem acute angled
theorem obtuse angled theorem
Apollinius theorem.
Uses the theorems to prove state
ments.
Uses the theorem to find length and
04
C
angless.
F or
2.3 Applies bisector theorem in Internal and external Angles of a
geometry problems. triangle bisects the opposite side
proportially,
Uses the theorem involved find length
in triangle.
02
2.4 Applies theorems on The areas of similar triangles are Describes the theorem and uses it to 03
similartriangles in geometry. propotional to the square of the solve problems.
corresponding sides.
2.5 Identifies the centres of a Circum centre, Incentre, Definies the 4 centres of a triangles 02
triangles Orthocentre, Centroial medians, and uses it in problems.
attitudes.
2
6.0 PROPOSED TERM WISE BREAKDOWN OF THE SYLLABUS
Grade 12
Competency Levels Subject Topics Number of
Periods
First Term
Combined Mathematics I
1.1, 1.2 Real numbers 02
2.1, 2.2
8.1, 8.2
17.1, 17.2
Functions
Angular measurements
Rectangular cartesian system, Straight line
en t s 04
02
03
m
9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4 Circular functions 12
11.1 sine rule, cosine rule 01
4.1, 4.2, 4.3
10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4
5.1
Polynomials
Trigonometric identities
C
Rational functions
o m 07
14
06
or
6.1 Index laws and logarithmic laws 01
7.1, 7.2, 7.3 Basic properties of inequalities and solutions of inequalities 14
9.5
Combined Mathematics II
1.1> 1.2> 1.3> 1.4
2.1> 2.2> 2.3
F Solving trigonometric equations
Vectors
Systems of coplanar forces acting at a point
04
14
10
Second Term
Combined Mathematics I
3.1, 3.2 Quadratic functions and quadratic equations 25
12.1, 12.2, 12.3 Inverse trigonometric functions 08
11.2 sine rule, cosine rule 06
3
Competency Levels Subject Topics Number of
Periods
13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, Limits 18
13.7, 13.8
s
Combined Mathematics II
2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7
3.1, 3.2, 3.3
System of coplanar forces acting on a rigid body
Motion in a straight line
en t 23
23
Combined Mathematics I
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Third Term
r
14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6,
C Derivatives 30
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14.7, 14.8
15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4 Applications of derivatives 15
Combined Mathematics II
Projectiles
3.4 Equilibirium of three coplanar forces 08
2.8 Friction 08
2.9 Newtons laws of motion 10
3.5 Work, power,energy, 10
3.6,3.7 Impulse and collision 14
3.8,3.9 15
4
Grade 13
Competency Levels Subject Topics Number of
Periods
First Term
Combined Mathematics I
s
18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 18.4, 18.5 Straight line 16
16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4, 16.5,
16.6, 16.7, 16.8, 16.9 Intergration
en t 28
Combined Mathematics II
o m m 10
2.11
3.10,3.11,3.12,3.13
3.14, 3.15, 3.16 C
Frame works
or
Relative motion
Circular rotion
10
30
16
15
26.1, 27.1, 27.2, 27.3, 27.4,
27.5
24.1, 24.2, 24.3, 24.5 Permutations and Combinations 15
19.1 Principle of Mathematical Induction 05
20.1, 20.2, 21.1, 21.2 Series 18
5
Competency Levels Subject Topics Number of
Periods
Combined Mathematics II
s
3.17, 3.18, 3.19
2.12, 2.13, 2.14, 2.15, 2.16, 2.17 Center of mass
Third Term
en t 20
Combined Mathematics I
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22.1, 22.2, 22.3
23.1, 23.2, 23.3, 23.4, 23.5, 23.6
r CBinomial expansion
Complex numbers
12
18
Fo
25.1, 25.2, 25.3, 25.4 Matrices 14
Combined Mathematics II
6
T
Combined Mathematics I
Combined Mathematics II
Second Term
en t s 57
46 103
Combined Mathematics I
om m
Third Term
45
Combined Mathematics II
or C Fourth Term
67 112
F
Combined Mathematics I
Combined Mathematics II
Combined Mathematics I
Fifth Term
44
66
53
110
Sixth Term
Combined Mathematics I 44
Combined Mathematics II 36 80
7
7.0 Detailed Syllabus  COMBINED MATHEMATICS  I
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
1. Analyses 1.1 Classifies the set of real Historical evolution of the number Explains the evolution of the number 01
the system numbers system systems
of real Notations for sets of numbers
numbers
,
, , '
, ,
en t s
Represents a real number geometrically
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Decimal representation of a real
number
Classifies decimal numbers
C
describe real numbers
Decimals, infinite decimals,
r
01
recurring decimals, and
2. Analyses
F
2.1 Review of functions
o
nonrecurrring decimals
Simplification of expressions
involving surds
Intuitive idea of a function
Rationalises the denominator
of expressions with surds
s
(absolute value) function Sketches the graph of a
en
Finds composite functions
Introduces quadratic functions
10
m
quadratic quadratic functions Definition of a quadratic function
Explains what a quadratic function is
f ( x) ax 2 bx c; a, b, c ;
m
functions Sketches the properties of a quadratic
and a 0
o
Completing the square
Discriminent
function
Sketches the graph of a quadratic func
or
Properties of a quadratic function tion
Greatest value, least value Describes the different types of graphs
F
3.2 Interprets the roots of a
quadratic equation
Existence / nonexistence of real
zeros
Graphs of quadratic functions
Roots of a quadratic equation
Sum and product of the roots
of the quadratic function
Describes zeros of quadradic functions
4. Manipulates 4.1 Explores polynomials of a Polynomials of single variable Defines a polynomial of a single variable 01
s
Polynomial single variable polynomials Distinguishes among linear, quadratic
functions Terms, coefficients, degree,
leading term, leading coefficient
en t
and cubic functions
States the conditions for two
polynomials to be identical
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Addition, subtraction, multiplication,
division and long division
Explains the basic Mathematical
operations on polynomials
01
C
Divides a polynomial by another
r
polynomial
Fo
4.3 Solves problems using Division algorithm States the algorithm for division
Remainder theorem, Factor Synthetic division States and prove remainder theorem 05
theorem and its converse Remainder theorem States Factor theorem
Factor theorem and its converse Expresses the converse of the Factor
Solution of polynomial equations theorem
Solves problems involving Remainder
theorem and Factor theorem.
Defines zeros of a polynomial
Solves polynomial equations
( Order 4 )
10
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
5. Resolves 5.1 Resolves rational function Rational functions Defines rational functions 06
rational into partial fractions Proper and improper rational Defines proper rational functions and
functions functions improper rational functions
into partial Partial fractions of rational functions Finds partial fractions of proper
fractions
With distinct linear factors in the
denominator
en
With recurring linear factors in the
denominator t s
rational functions (upto 4 unknown)
Partial fractions of impropper
irational function (upto 4 unknowns)
om m
With quadratic factors in the
denominator (Up to 4 unknowns)
o r
6. Manipulates 6.1 Uses index laws and
C The index laws Uses index laws 01
F
index logarithmic laws to solve Uses logarithmic laws
and problems Logarithmic laws of base
Uses change of base to solve problems
logarithmic Change of base
laws
11
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
7. Solves 7.1 States basic properties of Basic properties of inequalities Defines inequalities 04
inequalities inequalities States the trichotomy law
including trichotomy law
involving Represents inequalities on a real
real Numerical inequalities
Representing inequalities on the real number line
numbers
t
number line Denotes inequalities in terms of
en
Introducting intervals using interval notation
inequalities
o m m
Inequalities involving simple algebraic
or C
rational inequalities
Finding the solutions of the above
inequalities
expressions
Solves inequalities including rational
F
algebraically functions, algebraically and graphically
graphically
7.3 Solves inequalities involving Inequalities involving modulli (absolute States the modulus (absolute value) 06
modulus (absolute value) value) of a real number
function Manipulation of simple inequalities Sketches the graphs involving
involving modulus (absolute value) modulus functions
sign Solves inequalities involving modulus
Solutions of the above inequalities (only for linear functions)
algebraically
graphically
12
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
8. Uses 8.1 States the relationship Angulur measure Introduces degrees and radians as
01
relations between radians and The angle and its sign convention units of measurement of angles
involving degres Degree and radian measures Convert degrees into radian and
angular viceversa
s
measures
8.2 Solves problems involving
arc length and area of a
circular sector
Length of a circular arc, S r
en t
Find the lenth of an arc and area of a
circular sector
01
m
2
om
9. Interpretes 9.1 Describes basic Basic trigonometric functions Explains trigonometric ratios
Definitions of the six basic trigono Defines basic trigonometric circular 04
C
trignometric trigonometric (circular)
metric functions , domain and range functions
r
funtions functions
Introduces the domains and the
Fo
ranges of circular functions
9.2 Derives values of basic Values of the circular functions of Finds the values of trigonometric
the angles functions at given angles 01
trigonometric functions at
commonly used angles States the sign of basic
0, , , and
6 4 3 2 trigonometric function in each
quadrant
13
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
9.3 Derives the values of basic Trignometric relations of the angle Describes the periodic properties of 03
trigonometric functions at circular functions
3
angles differing by odd , , , , 2 Describes the trigonometric relations
2 2
s
of
t
multiples of and integer etc
2
en
multiples of ( ), , , 3 , 2
2 2
in terms of
C
9.4 Describes the behaviour of Graphs of the basic trigonometric Represents the circular functions
04
or
basic trigonometric functions and their periodic properties graphically
functions graphically Draws graphs of combined circular
F
functions
9.5 Finds general solutions General solutions of the form Solves trigonometric equations
sin sin , cos cos and 04
tan tan
14
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
10.Manipulates 10.1 Uses Pythagorean identities Pythagorean identities Explains an identity 04
trigonometric Trigonometric identities
Explains the difference between iden
identities
tities and equations
s
Obtains Pythagorian Identities
en t
Solves problems involving Pythagorian
Identities
om m
Sum and difference formulae
Applications involving sum and
difference formulae
Constructs addition formulae
Uses addition formulae
02
o r
problems using productsum
C Product sum, sumproduct formulae
Applications involving productsum,
Manipulates product  sum, and
Sum  product formulae
05
F
and sumproduct formulae and sum  product formulae
Solves problems involving
sum  product, product  sum formulae
15
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
11. Applies 11.1 States and proves sine rule Sine rule and cosine rule Introduces usual notations for a triangle 01
sine rule and cosine rule States and prove sine rule for any
and triangle
cosine rule
s
States and prove cosine rule for any
to solve
trigonomet
ric problems
11.2 Applies sine rule and Problems involving sine rule and cosine
triangle
en t
Solves problems involving sine rule and
12. Solves
cosine rule
Principal values
o m m
Inverse trignometric functions
cosine rule
C
trignometric functions States the domain and the range of 02
problems
or
involving inverse trigonometric functions
inverse
ric
functions F
trigonomet 12.2 Represents inverse
functions graphically
Sketching graphs of inverse trignometric
functions sin1, cos1, tan1
Draws the graph of an inverse
trigonometric functions
02
16
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
13. Determines 13.1 Explains the limit of a Intuitive idea of Explains the meaning of limit 02
the limit of a function lim f ( x) l , where a, l Distinguishes the cases where the limit
function xa
of a function does not exist
13.2 Solves problems using the Basic theorems on limits and their
en t s
. Expresses the theorems on limits.
03
theorems on limits
Proof of
om m xn an
lim n 1
na ,
xn an
na n 1 where
C
Proves lim
xn an
xa
xa xa x a
r
n 1 03
lim na where n is a rational number and its n is a rational number.
Fo
xa
xa applications Solves problems involving above
to solve problems result
13.4 Uses the limit Sandwich theorem (without Proof) States the sandwich theorem
03
sin x
Proof of
sin x
lim 1 to sin x
Provesthat lim 1
x 0
x lim
x 0 x
1 and its
solve problems x 0
x
applications Solves the problems using the above
result
17
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
13.5 Interprets one sided limits Intuitive idea of one sided limit Interprets one sided limits
Right hand limit and left hand limit: Finds one sided limits of a given 02
lim f ( x ), lim f ( x ) function at a given real number
x a x a
en t s
Interprets limits at infinity
Explains horizontal asymptotes 02
m
rational functions
om
13.7 Interprets infinite limits Explains vertical asymptotes
Infinite limits
01
Vertical asymptotes using one
sided limits
F o r
13.8 Interprets continuity at a
point
Intuitive idea of continuity
Explains continuity at a point by using
examples
02
18
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
14. Differenti 14.1 Describes the idea of Derivative as the slope of tangent line Explains slope and tangent at a point
ates derivative of a function Derivative as a limit Defines the derivative as a limit 06
functions Derivative as a rate of change
Explains rate of change
using suit
s
able meth
ods 14.2 Determines the derivatives
from the first principles
Derivatives from the first principles
n
x , where n is a rational number
en t
Finds derivatives from the first
principles
05
m
Basic trigonometric functions
Functions formed by elementary
C o
or
theorems on differentiation Theorems on differentiation States basic rules of derivative
Solves problems using basic rules of 03
Constant multiple rule
19
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
14.5 Describes natural exponen The properties of natural exponential Defines the exponential function (ex)
02
tial function and find its de function Express domain and range
rivative of exponential function
d x
e ex
s
States that e is an irrational number
t
dx Describes the properties of the ex
en
x
Graph of e Writes the estimates of the value of e
Writes the derivative of the exponential
function
or C
14.6 Describes natural logarithmic Properties of natural logarithmic
function
Defines the natural logarithmic function
Expresses the domain and range
of the logarithmic function
03
F
Definition of natural logarithmic
function, ln x or log e x x 0 , Expresses the properties of lnx
asx the inverse function of The graph of y = lnx
e , its domain and range Defines the function ax for a > 0
d 1 Expresses the domain and the range
ln x , fo r x 0 of y = a x
dx x
Solves problems involving logarithmic
Graph of ln x
function
Definition of a x and its derivative Deduces the derivative of lnx
x
Deduces the derivative of a
Solves problems using the derivatives of
x
lnx and a
20
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
14.7 Differentiates implicit Intuitive idea of implicit functions Defines implict functions
functions and parametric and parametric functions Finds the derivatives of implicit functions 06
functions Diferentiation involving Implicit
Differentiates parametric function
functions and parametric equation
Writes down the equation of the
s
including parametric forms at parabola
t
tangent and normal at a given point to a
en
x2 y2 given curve
y = 4 ax and clipse 2 2 1
2
a b
m
and hyperabola
C om
or
Finds derivatives of higher order 02
Successive differentiation
F
14.8 Obtains derivatives of Differentiates functions of various types
higher order Derivatives of higher order
Find relationship among various orders
of derivatives
21
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
15. Analyses the 15.1 Investigates the turning Stationary points Defines stationary points of a givin
05
behaviour of points using the derivative Increasing / decreasing functions function
a function Maximum points (local), minimum Describes local (relative) maximum
s
using
t
points (local) and a local minimum
derivatives
en
Point to inflection Employs the first derivative test to find
First derivative test and second the maximum and minimum points of a
m
derivative test function
States that there exists stationary
om
points which are neither a local
C
maximum nor a local minimum
or
Introduces points of inflection
Uses the second order derivative to
F
test whether a turning points of a
given function is a local maximum or a
local minimum
15.2 Investigates the concavity Uses second derivative to find 02
Concavity and points of inflection concavity
en t s
Uses theorems on integration 02
om
Intuitive idea of the definite integral
Uses the fundamental theorem of
calculus to solve problems
Solves definite integral problems
C
Definite integral and its properties
the fundamental theorem of
Uses the properties of definte
r
Evaluation of definite integrals 02
calculus
Fo
integral
16.4 Integrates rational functions Indefinite integrals of functions of the Uses the formula
using appropriate methods form
f x
; where f x is the
f ( x)
derivative of f (x) with respect to x 05
16.5 Integrates trigonometric Use of partial fractions Uses of partial fractions for
expressions using integration
Use of trigonometric identities 03
trigonometric identities Uses trigonometric identities for in
0000000000
tegration
u
23
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
16.6 Uses the method of Integration by substitution Uses suitable substitutions to find 04
substitution for integration intergrals
en t s
Uses integration by parts to solve 03
om m
Uses of integration
Area under a curve
problems
C
region bounded by curves
under a curve and area between two
Area between two curves
or
using integration curves
F
16.9 Determines the volume of
revolution
b
24
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
17. Uses the 17.1 Finds the distance between Rectangular Cartesian coordinates Explains the Cartesian coordinate
rectangular two points on the Cartesian Rectangular Cartesian system 01
system
s
system of plane
t
Defines the abscissa and the ordinate
Cartesian
en
axes and Introduces the four quadrants in the
geometrical cartesian coordinate plane
results
o m m
Distance between two points Finds the length of a line segment
joining two points
or C
F
17.2 Finds Coordinates of the Coordinates of the point that divides Finds Coordinates of the point divid
point dividing the straight ing the straight line segment joining two 02
a line segment joining two given
line segment joining two points in a given ratio given points internally in a given ratio
given points in a given ratio
internally
Finds Coordinates of the point divid
externally
ing the straight line segment joining two
given points externally in a given ratio
25
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
18. Interprets 18.1 Derives the equation of a Straight line Interprets the gradient (slope) of a line
straight line Inclination (angle), gradient (slope) and the x and y intercepts 05
the straight
s
line in terms Intercepts on the x and y axes Derives various forms of equation of a
of Cartesian
coordinates
Various forms of equation of a
straight line
Point of intersection of two non
en t
straight line
m
18.2 Derives the equation of a 02
parallel straight ines intersection of two non parallel
straight line passing through
om
the point of intersection of The equation of the straight line pass straight lines
ing through the point of intersection of Finds the equation of the line passing
two given non parallel
C
two given non parallel straight lines through the
straight lines
or
intersection of two given lines
18.3 Describe the relative position The condition that the two given points Finds the Condition fortwo points to 02
F
of two points with respect to are on the same or opposite sides of a be on the same side or an opposit sides
a given straight line given straight line of a given line
18.4 Finds the angle between Angle between two straight lines Finds condition for two lines to be
02
two straight lines The relationship between the gradients parallel or perpendicular
of pairs of Finds the angles between two given
parallel lines perpendicular lines lines by using their gradients
18.5 Derives the perpendicular Parametric equation of a straight line Derives parametric equation of a 06
distance from a given point Perpendicular distance from a point to straight line
to a given straight line a straight line Find perpendicular distance from a
point to a given line using parametric
Equations of bisectors of the angles
equation of the line
between two intersecting straight lines
Finds the equations of angular
bisectors of two non parall straight
lines
26
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
19. Applies the 19.1 Uses the principle of Method of mathematical induction States the principles of Mathematical
principle Mathematical Induction 05
Principle of Mathematical Induction Induction
s
of Applications involving, divisibility,
t
Mathemati summation and Inequalities Proves the various results using
en
cal Induction
principle of Mathematical Induction
as a type of
m
proof for
Mathemati
om
cal results
for positive
integers
or C
F
Sigma notation Describes finite sum 03
20. Finds sums 20.1 Describes finite series and
of finite their properties n n n Uses the properties of
series Ur Vr Ur Vr
r 1 r 1 r 1
notation
n n
kU
r 1
r kUr ;where k is a constant
r 1
27
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
Finds general term and the sum of AP,
20.2 Finds sums of elementary Arithmetric series and geometric series
GP, 05
series
s
n n n
Proves and uses the formulae for
t
r 3 and their applications
r , r 2
,
n n n
en
r 1 r=1 r 1 2 3
values of r , r , r to find
r 1 r=1 r 1
m
the summation of series
om
21 Investigates 21.1 Sums series using various Summation of series Uses various methods to find the
infinite series methods Method of differences 08
sum of a series
C
Method of partial fractions
or
Principle of Mathematical Induction
F
21.2 Uses partial sum to detemine
convergence and divergence
Sequences
Partial sums
Interprets sequences
Finds partial sum of an infinite series
03
Concept of convergence and Explains the concepts of convergence
divergence and divergance using partial sums
Sum to infinity
Finds the sum of a convergent series
Sequences
28
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
22. Explores 22.1 Describes the basic Binomial theorem for positive integral States binomial theorem for positive
the binomial properties of the binomial integral indices. 03
indices
s
expansion expansion Writes general term and binomial
t
Binomial coefficients, general term
for positive coefficient
en
integral Proof of the theorem using Proves the theorem using
indices mathematical Induction
Mathematial Induction
o m m
Relationships among the binomial Writes the relationship among the
binomial coefficients
06
or
expansion
the system
of complex
numbers
system
F
23. Interprets 23.1 Uses the Complex number
Imaginary unit
Introduction of , the set of complex
numbers
Real part and imaginary part of a
States the imaginary unit
Defines a complex number
States the real part and imaginary
part at a complex number
Uses the equality of two complex
02
complex number
Purely imaginary numbers numbers
Equality of two complex numbers
29
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
23.2 introduces algebraic Algebraic operations on complex numbers Defines algebraic operations on
operations on complex z complex numbers 02
z1 z2 , z1 z2 , z1 z2 , 1 ( z 0)
numbers Uses algebraic operations between
s
z2 2
en t
two complex numbers and verifies
that they are also complex numbers
Basic operations or algebraic opera
m
tions
om
23.3 Proves basic properties Definition of z Defines z 02
of complex conjugate Obtains basic properties of complex
Proofs of the following results:
C
conjugate
z1 z2 z1 z2
or
Proves the properties
z1 z2 z1 z2
F
z1 z2 z1 z2
z1 z1
z2 z2
23.4 Define the modulus of a Definition of z , modulus of a
complex number Defines the modulus 0of a 04
complex number z
complex number z
Proves of the following results: Proves basic properties of
z1 z2 z1 z2 modulus
z1 z Applies the basic properties
1 if z2 0
z2 z2
2
zz z
2 2 2
z1 z2 z1 2Re( z1 z2 ) z2
30above results
applications of the
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
23.5 Ilustrates algebraic The Argand diagram Represents the complex number on
operations geometrically 04
Representing z x iy by the point Argand diagram
s
using the Argand diagram Contstructs points representing
t
( x, y )
en
Geometrical representations of z1+z2, z and z where
Expresses a non zero complex number
z1 z2 , z1 z2 , z , z
m
in pola Form
where
z r (cos i sin ): r 0,
om
Polar form of a non zero complex Defines the argument of a complex
number number
or C Definition of arg ( z )
Definiting Arg z , principal value of the
Defines the principle argument of a non
zero complex number
31
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
Proves the triangle inequality
proof of the triangle inequality
Deduces the reverse triangle
s
z1 z2 z1 z2 inequality
Deduction of reverse triangle inequality
z1 z2 z1 z2 t
Uses the above inequalities to solve
en
problems
o m m
23.6 Uses the DeMoviers
theorem
32
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
24.Uses 24.1 Defines factorial Definition of n ! , the factorial n for Defines factorial
permutations States the recursive relation for 01
n or n = 0.
s
and factorials
General form
t
combinations
en
Recursive relation
as
mathematical
Techniques regarding the principles of Explains the fundamental principle of 02
m
models 24.2 Explains fundamental
principles of counting counting counting
for sorting
and
arranging 24.3 Use of permutations as a
technique of solving
C
Permutations
Definition
o m n
Defines Pr and obtain the
n
formulae for Pr .
06
or
n
mathematical problems The notation Pr and the formulae The number of permutations of n dif
When 0 r n; Z ferent objects taken r at a time
33
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
24.4 Uses combinations as a Combinations Defines combination
055
n
technique of solving math Definition Define as Cr and finds a formulae for
s
ematical problems n
Define as Cr and finds a formulae n
Cr
en
n
for Cr Finds the number of combinations of
n different objects taken r at a time
m
Distinction between permutation and where r 0 r n
combnation Explains the distinction between
om
permutations and combinations
C
25. Manipulates 25.1 Describes basic properties of Definition and notation Defines a matrix
r
matrices matrices Elements, rows, columns
Defines the equality of matrices 02
Fo
Size of a matrix
Defines the multiplication of a matrix by
Row matrix, column matrix,
square matrix, null matrix a scalar
Explains special types of matrices
Equality of two matrices
Uses the addition of matrices
Meaning of A where is a scalar
Writes the condition for compatibility
Properties of scaler product
Definition of addition
Properties of addition
34
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
Subtractions of matrices Defines subtraction using addition and
Multiplication of matrices scaler multiplication
Compatibility
s
Writes the conditions for compatibility
t
Definition of multiplication States and uses the properties of
en
Properties of multiplication multiplication to solve problems
m
25.2 Explains special cases of Square matrices Identifies the order of a square
square matrices Order of a square matrix
om
matrices
Identity matrix, diagonal matrix, 02
symmetric Classifies the different types of
Fo
35
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
26.1 Finds the Cartesian Equation of a circle with origin as Defines circle as a locus of a
26. Interprets the cetre and a given radius 03
equation of a circle variable point such that the distance
the
s
Equation of a circle with a given from a fixed point is a constant
t
Cartesian centre and radius
en
equation of Obtains the equation of a circle
a circle Interprets the general equation of
m
a circle
Finds the equation of the circle
om
having two given points as the
end points at a diameter
27.Explores
Geometric
or C
27.1 Describes the position of a
straight line relative to a
Conditions that a circle and a
straight line intersects, touches or do
Discuses the position of a straight
line with respect to a circle
02
properties
of circles
circle
F
27.2 Finds the equations of tan
not intersect
Equation of the tangent to a circle at
a point on circle
36
20202
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
27.3 Derives the general The equation of a circle passing through Interprets the equation 02
equation of a circle the points of intersection S + U = 0
s
passing through point of of a straight line and a circle
intersection of a given
straight line and a given circle
or C
Two circles touching internally
One circle lying within the other
internally
Discribes To have one circle lying
within the other circle
F
\\
27.5 Finds the condition for two Condition for two circles to enter seet Finds the condition for two circles to 02
circle to intersect orthogonaly intersect orthogonally
orthogonally
37
COMBINED MATHEMATICS  II
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
1. Manipulates 1.1 Investigates vectors Introduction of scalar quantities and Explains the differneces between
Vectors scalars scalar quantities and scalars 03
s
Introduction of vector quantities and
t
Explains the differnece between
vectors
en
vector quantity and a vectors.
Magnitude and direction of a vector
Represents a vector geometrically
Vector notation
m
Algebraic, Geometric
Expresses the algebraic notation of a
vector
m
Null vector
o
Notation for magnitude (modulus) of a Defines the modulus of a vector
vector Defines the null vector
or C
Equality of two vectors
Triangle law of vector addition
Multiplying a vector by a scalar
Defines a , where a is a vector
States the conditions for two vectors
F
to be equal
Defining the difference of two States the triangle law of addition
vectors as a sum
Deduces the paralle logram law of
Unit vectors
addition
Parallel vectors
Condition for two vectors to be
Adds three or more vectors
parallel Multiplies a vector by a scalar
Addition of three or more vectors Subtracts a vector from another
Resolution of a vector in any Identifies the angle between two
directions vectors
Identifies parallel vectors
States the conditions for two vectors
to be paralles
38
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
State the conditions for two vectors
to be parallel
en t s
Defines a unit vector
Resolves a vector in a given
directions
m m
laws for vector addition and
o
multiplication by a scaler
States the properties of addition and
multiplication by a scaler
01
solve problems
C
1.3 Applies position vectors to
or
Position vectors
Introduction of i a n d j
Defines position vectors
Expresses the position vector of a point
06
F
in terms of the cartesian coordinates of
Position vector relative to the 2D
that point
Cartesian Coordinate system
Adds and subtracts vectors in the form
Application of the following results
xi y j
If a and b are non  zero and
non  parallel vectors and if Proves that if a , b are two non zero,
a b 0 then non  parallel vectors and if
0 and 0 a b 0 then 0 and
0
Applications of the above results
39
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
1.4 Interprets scalar and vector Definition of scalar product of two Defines the scalar product of two 04
product vectors vectors
States that the scalar product of two
Properties of scalar product vectors is a scalar
s
a b b a (Commutative law) States the properties of scalar
a b c a b a c (Distributive
en
product
law) Interprets scalar product
Condition for two nonzero vectors to geometrically
m
be perpendicular
m
Introduction of k
o
Solves simple geometric problems
involving scalar product
Define vector product of two
C
Definition of vector product of two vectors
or
vectors States the properties of vector
Properties of vector product product
F
(Application of vector product are
ab ba not expected)
2. Uses 2.1 Explains forces acting on a Concept of a particle Describes the concept of a particle
systems of particle Describes the concept of a force 02
coplanar Concept of a force and its
States that a force is a localized vector
forces representation
Represents a force geometrically
Dimension and unit of force
Introduces different types of forces
Types of forces in mechanics
Resultant force Describes the resultant of a system
of coplaner forces acting at a point
40
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2.2 Explains the action of two Resultant of two forces States the parallelogram law of forces
forces acting on a particle to find the resultant of two forces 04
Parallelogram law of forces
s
acting at a point
Equilibrium under two forces
Resolution of a force
in two given directions t
Uses the parallelogram law to obtain
en
formulae to determine the resultant of
two forces acting at a point
m
Solves problems using the
in two directions perpendicular to
parallelogram law of forces
C
each other
or
Resolves a given force into two
components in two given directions
F
2.3 Explains the action of a
systems of coplanar forces
Define coplanar forces acting on a
particle
Resolves a given force into two
components perpendicular to each
other
Determines the resultant of three or
more coplanar forces acting at a point
04
41
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
Conditions for equilibrium Writes the condition for eqilibrium
null resultant vector
(i) R 0
s
R XiY j 0
t
R X i Yj 0
en
Vector sum 0 or, equivalently,,
X 0, Y 0
X 0 and Y 0
Completion of Polygon of forces Completes a polygon of forces.
C
Triangle Law
Lamis Theorem
o m
Problems involving Lamis theorem
Explains what is meant by equilibrium.
States the conditions for equilibrium of
a particle under the action of three
05
or
forces
States the theorem of triangle of forces,
42
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2.5 Explains the Resultant of Concept of a rigid body Describes a rigid body 04
coplanar forces acting on Principle of transmission of forces States the principle of transmission of
s
a rigid body forces
t
Explaining the translational and
en
rotational effect of a force Explains the translation and rotation
Forces acting on a rigid body of a force
Defining the moment of a force
m
Defines the moment of a force about
about a point a point
om
Dimension and unit of moment Explains the physical meaning of
Physical meaning of moment moment
C
Magnitude and sense of moment of Finds the magnitude of the moment
r
a force about a point
about a point and its sense
o
Geometric interpretation of moment
States the dimensions and units of
43
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2.6 Explains the effect of two Resultant of two forces Uses the resultant of two non  06
parallel coplanar forces When the two forces are not parallel parallel forces acting on a rigid body
s
acting on a rigid body When the two forces are parallel and States the conditions for the
like
en
equilibrium of two forces acting on a
When two forces of unequal
rigid body
magnitude are parallel and unlike Describes a couple
m m
Equilibrium under two forces
Introduction of a couple
o
Moment of a couple
Magnitude and sense of the moment
Calculates the moment of a couple
States that the moment of a couple
is independent of the point about
or
The moment of a couple is
taken
independent of the point about which States the conditions for two
F
the moment is taken
Equivalence of two coplanar couples
Equilibrium under two couples
Composition of coplanar couples
coplanar couples to be equivalent
States the conditions for two
coplanar couples to balance each
other
Combines coplanar couples
44
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2.7 Analyses a system of A force (F) acting at a point is Reduces a couple and a single force 08
coplanar forces equivalent to a force F acting at any acting in its plane into a single force
acting on a rigid body given point together with a couple
s
Shows that a force acting at a point is
t
Reducing a system of coplanar forces equivalent to the combination of an
en
to a single force R acting at a given point
equal force acting at another point
together with a couple of moment G
together with a couple
m
Magnitude, direction and line of action
of the resultant Reduces a system of coplanar forces
om
Conditions for the reduction of system to a single force acting at an arbitrary
of coplanar forces to point O and a couple of moment G
or C
a single force:
R 0 X 0 or Y 0
a couple :
Reduces any coplanar system of
forces to a single force and a couple
acting at any point in that plane
F
R = 0 X = 0 and Y 0
and G 0
equilibrium
R =0 (X= 0 and Y=0) and G= 0
Single force at other point : R 0 ,
(i) Reduces of a system of coplanar
forces to a single force
X 0 or Y 0
(ii) Reduces of a system of forces to
a couple when X= 0. Y = 0 and
G0 G0
Problems involving equlibrium of rigid
(iii) Expresses conditions for
bodies under the action of coplanar
equilibrium
forces
Finds the magnitude, direction and the
line of action of the resultant of a
coplanar system of forces
45
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2.8 Explains the Equillibrium of All forces must be either concurrent or States conditions for the equilibrium of 08
three coplanar forces all parallel three coplanar forces acting on a rigid
acting on a rigid body Use of
s
body
t
Triangle Law of forces and its
Finds unknown forces when a rigid
en
converse
Lamis theorem body is in equillibrium
m
Cotangent rule
Geometrical properties
om
Resolving in two perpendicular
directions
or
surfaces
friction surfaces
Describes the nature of frictional force
Frictional force and its nature
F
Explains the advantages and
Advantages and disadvantages of
disadvantages of friction
friction Writes the definition of limiting
Limiting frictional force frictional force
Laws of friction States the laws of friction
Coefficient of friction defines the angle of friction and the
Angle of friction coefficient of friction.
Problems involving friction Solves problems involving friction
s
smoothly jointed rods joint at the framework
Bows notation and stress
diagram
Calculation of stresses
en t
Uses Bows notation
Solves problem involing a frame work
with light rod
C
techniques to determine Centre of mass of a plane body of particles in a plane
the centre of mass of symmetrical about a line
or
Defines the centre of mass of a lamina
symmetrical Uniform thin rod Finds the centre of mass of uniform
F
uniform bodies Uniform rectangular lamina bodies symmetrical about a line
Uniform circular ring Finds the centre of mass of bodies
Uniform circular disc symmetrical about a plane
Centre of mass of a body symmetrical Finds centre of mass of a Lammina of
about a plane different shapes
Uniform hollow or solid cylinder
parallelogram
47
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
2.13 Finds the centre of mass of Centre of mass of uniform continuous Finds the centre of mass of symmetrical 06
simple geometrical bodies symmetric bodies bodies using integration
using integration Circular arc, circular sector
2.15 Explains centre of gravity Introduction of centre of gravity States the centre of mass and centre of
Coincidence of the centre of gravity gravity are same under gravitational
and centre of mass field.
2.16 Determines the stability of Stability of equilibrium of bodies resting Explains the stabillity of bodies in 02
bodies in equilibrium on a plane equilibrium using centre of gravity
en
speed s
Defines uniform speed
t
States dimensions and standard units of
om m
Average velocity, instantaneous
velocity, uniform velocity
scalar quantities
Defines position coordinates of a
particle undergoing rectilinear motion
C
Defines Displacement
Displacement  time graphs
r
Expresses the dimension and standard
Average velocity between two
Fo
units of displacement
positions Defines average velocity
Instantaneous velocity at a point Defines instantaneous velocity
Average acceleration, its dimensions and Defines uniform velocity
units Expresses dimension and units of
Instantaneous acceleration, velocity
uniform acceleration and retardation Draws the displacement
time graphS
Velocitytime graphs
Gradient of the velocity time graph is
equal to the instantaneous acceleration
at that instant
49
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
The area signed between the time axis Finds the average velocity between 08
and the velocity time graph is equal two positions using the displacement
time graph
s
to the displacement described during
that time interval
en t
Determines the instantaneous velocity
using the displacement time graph
Defines accelaration
m
Expresses the dimension and unit of
acceleration
om
Defines average acceleration
Defines instantaneous acceleration
50
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
3.2 Uses kinematic equations to Derivation of constant acceleration Derives kinematic equations for a 08
solve problems involving formulae particle moving with uniform
s
motion in a straight line with Using definitions acceleration
constant acceleration
Using velocity  time graphs
v u at , s
uv
2
1 2 2
2
2
t , s ut at , v u 2 as
en t
Derives kinematic equations using
velocity  time graphs
Uses kinematic equations for vertical
m
Vertical motion under constant
m
acceleration due to gravity
o
Use of graphs and kinematic
equations
motion under gravity
Uses kinematics equations to solve
problems
3.3
F
Investigates relative motion
between bodies moving in a
a straight line with constant
accelerations
Frame of reference for one
dimensional motion
Relative motion in a straight line
Principle of relative displacement,
relative velocity and relative accel
Describes the concept of frame of
reference for two dimensional motion
Describes the motion of one body
relative to another when two
bodies are moving in a straight line
06
eration
States the principle of relative
Use of kinematic equations and graphs
when relative acceleration is displacement for two bodies moving
constant along a straight line
States the principle of relative
velocity for two bodies moving along
a straight line
51
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
States the principle of relative
acceleration for two bodies moving
s
along a straight line
en t
Uses kinematic equations and graphs
related to motion for two bodies
moving along the same straight line with
o m m
Position vector relative to the origin
constant relative acceleration
C
of a moving particle coordinates and the polar coordinates
particle on a plane.
of a point moving on a plane
or
Velocity and acceleration when the
position vector is given as a function Finds the velocity and acceleratain
F
of time when the position vector is givin as a
function of time
3.5 Determines the relative mo Frame of reference 06
Defines the frame of referance
tion of two particles mov Displacement, velocity and
acceleration relative to a frame of obtains the displacement and velocity
ing on a plane
reference and acceleration relative to frame of
Introduce relative motion of two referance
particles moving on a plane Explains the principles of relative
Principles of relative displacement, displacement,relative velocity, and
relative velocity,and relative relative acceleration
acceleration. Finds the path and velocity relative to
Path of a particle relative to another another particle
particle
Velocity of a particle relative to
another particle
52
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
3.6 Uses principles of relative Shortest distance between two Uses the principles of relative motion 10
motion to solve real word particles and the time taken to reach to solves the problems
s
the shortest distance Finds the shortest distance between two
t
problems
The time taken and position when particles
en
two bodies collide Finds the requirements for collision of
Time taken to describe a given path two bodies
om m
Given the initial position and the Introduces projectile
C
initial velocity of a projected particle Describes the terms velocity of 08
the horizontal and vertical projection and angle of projection
F o r components of
(i) velocity (ii) displacement , after a
time t
Equation of the path of a projectile
Maximum height
States that the motion of a projectile
can be considered as two motions,
separately, in the horizontal and
vertical directions
Applies the kinematic equations to
Time of flight interpret motion of a projectile
Horizontal range Culculates the components of velocity
Two angles of projection which of a projectile after a given time
give the same horizontal range Finds the components of displacement
Maximum Horizontal range of a projectile in a given time
53
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
Calculates the maximum height of a
projectile
en t s
Culculates he time taken to reach the
maximum height of a projectile
Calculates the horizontal range of a
m
projectile and its maximum
States that in general there are two
om
angles of projection for the same
horizontal range for a given velocity of
r C projection
Finds the maximum horizontal range for
Fo
a given speed
For a given speed of projection finds the
angle of projection giving the maximum
horizontal range
Derives Cartesian equations of the path
of a projectile
Finds the time of flight
Finds the angles of projection to pass
through a given point
54
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
3.8 Applies Newtons laws to Newtons first law of motion States Newtons first law of motion
explain motion relative to an concept of mass linear Defines force
s
momentum and inertial frame of Defines mass
t
inertial frame
reference Defines linear momentum of a particle
en
Newtons second law of motion States that linear momentum is a vector
Absolute units and gravitional units of quantity
force
om m
Distinguish between weight and mass
Newtons third law of motion
Application of newtons laws (under
States the dimensions and unit of linear
momentum
Describes an inertial frame of reference
States Newtons second law of motion
or C
constant foce only)
Bodies in contact and particales
connected by light inextensible string
Defines Newton as the absolute unit of
force
Derives the equation F = ma from 15
s
Dimension and units of work force
Introduce energy,its dimensions and
units
Kinetic energy as a type of mechanical t
States dimension and units of work
en
Explains Energy
Explains the mechanical energy
energy
particle
m
Definition of kinetic energy of a
om
work energy equation for kinetic
Defines Kinetic Energy
Defines Potential Energy
Explains the Gravitational Potential
Energy
o r C energy
Disssipative and conservative forces
Potential energy as a type of mechanical
Explains the Elastic Potential Energy
Explains conservative forces and
dissipative force
F energy
Definition of potential energy
Definition of gravitational potential
energy
work energy equation for potential
Writes work  energy equations
Explains conservation of mechanical
Energy and applies to solve problems
States dimension and units of energy
energy
Definition of elastic potential energy
Expression for the elastic potential
energy
The work done by a conservative force
is independent of the path described
Principle of conservation of mechanical
energy and its applications
56
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
3.10Solves problems involving Definition of power its dimensions and Defines Power 08
power units States its units and dimensions
s
Tractive force( F) constant case only Explains the tractive force
Definition and application of
Power= tractive force x velocity
( P=F.V)De
en t
Derives the formula for power
Uses tractive force when impluse is
constant
3.11Interprets the effect of an im
pulsive action units
m
Impulse as a vector its dimension and
om
Explains the Impulsive action
States the units and Dimension of
Impulse
05
o r C
I = (mv) Formula
F
3.12Uses Newtons law of resti
tution to direct elastic impact
impulsive actione
Newtons law of restitution
Coefficient of restitution e , 0 e 1
Perfect elasticity e 1
Explains direct impact
States Newton's law of restitution
Defines coefficient of restitution
Explains the direct impact of a sphere
10
s
in circuler on a circle
Velocity and acceleration of a particle
moving on a circle
en t
Find the velocity and the acceleration
of a particle moving in a circle
m m
Motion of a particle attached to an end
of a light in extensible string whose
o
other end is fixed, on a smooth
Finds the magnitude and direction of
the force on a particle moving in a
horizontal circle with uniform speed
solves the problems involving motion
04
C
horizontal plane
in a horizontal circle
or
Conical pendulum solves the problems involving
conical pendulam.
F
3.16 Investigates the relevent
principles for motion on a
vertical circle
Applications of law of conservation of
energy
uses the law F ma
Explains vertical motion
Explains the motion of a ring threeded
on a fixed smooth vertical wire/
particle moving in a fixed smooth
10
s
Obtain the differential equation of
t
harmonic motion,and its solutions
simple harmonic motion and
en
Velocity as a function of displacement
The amplitude and period verifies its general solutions
Displacement as a function of time Obtains the velocity as a function
m
Interpretation of simple harmonic
om
motion by uniform circular motion,
and finding time
of displacement
Defines amplitude and period of
SHM
C
Describes SHM associated with
uniform circular motion and finds
or
time
F
Using Hookes law
Finds the tension in an elastic string. 06
3.18 Describes the nature of a Tension in a elastic string
simple harmonic motion on a Tension or thust in a spring using Hookes
Tension or thrust in a spring
horizontal line Law
Describes the nature of simple Harmonic
Simple harmonic motion of a particle
motion on a horizontal line
under the action of elastic forces
3.19 Describes the nature of a Simple harmonic motion of a particle Explains the simple Harmonic motion 06
simple harmonic motion on on a vertical line under the action of on a vertical line
a vertical line elastic forces and its own weight
Solves problem with combination
Combination of simple harmonic
of simple harmonic motion and motion
motion and free motion under gravity
under gravity.
59
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
4. Applies 4.1 Interprets events of a random Intuitive idea of probability Explains random experiment
04
mathemati experiment Definition of a random experiment Defines sample space and sample
s
cal Definition of sample space and sample point
models to
analyse
random
points
Finite sample space
Infinite sample space
en t Defines an event
Explains event space
Explains simple events and
events Events
m m
Definition
o
Simple event, composite events,
compound events
Classifies the events finds union and
intersection of events
C
null event
complementary events,
or
Union of two events, intersection of
two events
Mutually exclusive events
Exhaustive events
Equally probable events
Event space
60
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
Theorems on probability with proofs States
Let A and B be any two events in a Frequency appoximation to
given sample space probability and its limitation.
(i) P A 1 P A where A is
the complementry event of A
(ii) Addition rule
en t s
Importance of axiomatic detinition.
m m
P A B P A P B P A B
If A B , then
o
P A P B
4.3
or C
Applies the concept of
conditional probability to
determine the probability of a
Definiton of conditional probability
Theorems with proofs let A, B, B1 , B2
Defines conditional probability
States and proves the theorems on
conditional probability
08
F
random event under given
conditions
be any four events is a given sample
space with P A 0 . then
(i) P A 0
(ii) P B A 1 P B A ,
(iii) P B1 A P B1 B2 A P B1 B2/ A
states multiplication rule
(iv) P B1 B2 A P B1 A P B2 A
P B1 B2 A)
Multiplication rule
If A1 , A2 are any two events in a given
sample space with P A1 0
then P A1 A2 P A1 P A2 A1
61
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
4.4 Uses the probability model to Independence of two events Uses independent two or three 04
determine the independence of Independence of three events events to not solve problems
two or three events Pairwise Independence
Mutually Independence
en t s
om m
C
4.5 Applies Bayes theorem 06
Fo r
Partition of a sample space
Theorem on total probability, with proof
Bayes Theorem
Defines a partition of a sample space
States and prove on theorem of total
probability
States Bayes theorem and applies to
leave problems
62
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
5. Applies sci5.1 Introduces the nature of statis Definition of statistics Explains what is statistics 01
entific tools tics Descriptive statistics Explains the nature of statistics
s
to develop
decision
making skills
5.2 Describes measures of central Arithmetric mean, mode and median
en t
Finds the central tendency 03
m
tendency Ungrouped data measurments
Data with frequency distributions
om
Describes the mean,median and
Grouped data with frequency distri
mode as measures of central
butions
C
tendency
Weighted arithmetric mean
F o r
5.3 Interprets a frequency distribu
tion using measures of relative
positions
Median, Quartiles and Percentiles for
ungrouped and grouped data with fre
quency distributions
Finds the relative position of
frequency distribution
04
BOX Plots
63
No. of
Competency Competency Level Contents Learning outcomes
Periods
5.4 Describes measure of disper Introduction to Measures of disper Uses suitable measure dispersion to
sion sion and their importancy make decisions on frequency dis 08
Types of dispersion measurements
Range
Inter Quartile range and Semi
inter  quartile range
tribution
en t s
States the measures of dispersion
and their importancy
m
Explain pooled mean, variance at
mean deviation Zscore
om
variance and standard deviation
ungrouped data
C
ungrouped data with frequency
or
distributions
group data with frequency
F
distrubutions
pooled mean
pooled variance
z  score
5.5 Determines the shape of a Introduction to Measures of skewness Defines the measure of skewness
distribution by using measures Karl Pearsons measures of skewness Determines the shapes of the distribu 02
of skewness. tion using measures of skewness
64
8.0 TEACHING LEARNING STRATEGIES
To facilitate the students to achieve the anticipated outcome of this course, a variety of teaching stategies must be employed. If students are to improve
their mathematical communication, for example, they must have the opportunity to discuss interpretations, solution, explanations etc. with other students
as well as their teacher. They should be encouraged to communicate not only in writing but orally, and to use diagrams as well as numerial, symbolic and
word statements in their explanations.
en t s
Students learn in a multitude of ways. Students can be mainly visual, auditory or kinesthetic learners, or employ a variety of senses when learning. The
om m
range of learning styles in influenced by many factors, each of which needs to be considered in determining the most appropriate teaching strategies.
Research suggests that the cltural and social background has a significant impact on the way students learn mathematics. These differences need to be
recognised and a variety of teaching strategies to be employed so that all students have equal access to the development of mathematical knowledge and
skills.
or C
F
Learning can occur within a large group where the class is taught as a whole and also within a small gruop where students interact with other members
of the group, or at an individual level where a student interacts with the teacher or another student, or works independently. All arrangements have their
place in the mathematics classroom.
65
9.0 SCHOOL POLICY AND PROGRAMMES
To make learning of Mathematics meaningful and relevant to the students classroom work ought not to be based purely on the development of
knowledge and skills but also should encompass areas like communication, connection, reasoning and problem solving. The latter four aims, ensure the
enhancement of the thinking and behavioural process of childern.
en t s
For this purpose apart from normal classroom teaching the following cocurricular activities will provide the opportunity for participation of every child
m
Mathematical Societies
Mathematical camps
om
or
Mathematical laboratory
Activity room C
The classroom wall Bulletin
Projects F
Collectin historical data regarding mathematics
Use of multimedia
It is the responsibility of the mathematics teacher to organise the above activities according to the facilities available. When organising these activities the
teacher and the students can obtain the assistance of relevant outside persons and institution.
In order to organise such activites on a regular basis it is essential that each school develops a policy of its own in respect of Mathematics. This would
form a part of the overall school policy to be developed by each school. In developin the policy, in respect of Mathematics, the school should take
cognisance of the physical environment of the school and neighbourhood, the needs and concerns of the students and the community associated with the
school and the services of resource personnel and institutions to which the school has access.
66
MATHEMATICAL SYMBOLS AND NOTATIONS
1. Set Notations
{x1, x2 , . . . }
an element
not an element
the set with elements x1, x2, . . .
[a, b]
en t s
union
intersection
the colsed interval { x R : a x b}
x / ... or x :...
n(A)
the set of all x such that...
the number of elements in set A
o m m( a, b]
[ a, b)
( a, b)
the interval {x R : a x b}
the interval {x R : a x b}
the open interval {x R : a x b}
C
empty set
or
universal set
2. Miscellaneous Symbols
A/ the complement of the set A
F equal
the set of natural numbers,
not equal
{1, 2, 3, ...}
identical or congruent
the set of integers 0, 1, 2, 3, . . . approximately equal
the set of positive integers {1, 2, 3, . . . } proportional
the set of rational numbers less than
less than or equal
the set of real numbers
> greater than
the set of complex numbers
greater than or equal
a subset
infinity
a proper subset
if then
M not subset
if and only if ( iff )
not a proper subset
3. Operations 4. Functions
a plus b
s
ab f (x ) the functin of x
a b
a b, a b
a minus b
a multipllied by b
f :AB
f :x y
m
a
a b, a divided by b
b f 1 the inverse of the function f
a :b
a
n
the ratio between a and b
C o m g f x
lim f ( x )
the composite function of g of f
or
i a1 a 2 ... a n xa
i 1
F
a the positive square root of the positive real number a x an increment of x
a the modulus of the real number a dy
the derivative of y with respect to x
dx
n! n factorial where n 0
dny th
n n! the n derivative of y with respect to x
Pr 0r n n , r {0} dx n
(n r )!
f (1) x , f (2) x , . . . , f n x
n n!
Cr ,0 r n n , r {0}
r !(n r )! the first, second , ..., nth derivatives of f x
with respect to x
x ,
x, ... the first, second,... derivative of x with respect to
time
5. Exponential and Logarithmic Functions 8. Matrices
ex exponential function of x
a matrix M
s
M
log a x
ln x
logarithm of x to the base a
natural logarithm of x
MT
M 1
en t
the transpose of the matrix M
the inverse of the matrix M
m
lg x logarithm of x to base 10
det M the determinant of the matrix M
om
6. Cricular Functions
C
sin, cos, tan 9. Vectors
or
the circular functions
cosec, sec, cot a or a the vector a
F
sin 1 , cos 1 , tan 1
AB the vactor represented in magnitude and direction by the
1 1 1 the inverse circular functions
cosec , sec , cot directed line segment AB
i, j , k unit vectors in the positive direction of the cartesian axes
7. Complex Numbers
a the magnitude of vector a
i the square root of  1
AB the magnitude of vector AB
z a complex number, z x i y
r c o s i s in a b the scalar product of vectors a and b
Re( z) the real part of z, Re x i y x a b the vetor product of vrctors a and b
Im( z ) the imaginary part of z, Im x i y y
z the modulus of z
arg z The argument of z
Arg z the principle argument of z
z the complex conjugate of z
10. Probability and Statistics
A, B, C ect.. events
AB
AB
union of the events A and B
intersection of the events A and B
en t s
m
P(A) probability of the event A
om
A/ complement of the event A
P (A x B) probability of the event A given that event B occurs
X, Y, R, ...
x, y, r, ... ect.
random variables
or C
values of the random variables X, Y, R etc.
x 1 , x2 , ...
f1, f2, ...
x
observations
F
frequencies with which the observations
x1 , x2 , ... occur
Mean
2 Variance
/ S / SD Standard deviation