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Maria van Hongarije regentes der Nederlan- den. Art Bulletin. icant cycles and series. collectors. DELMARCEL. niany extant today in the Patrimonio Nacional tion. pp. 1505-1558. Gazette des Beaux-Arts. Habsburg patrons were ordering and purchas. they mirrored dynastic tober 1999). 1993. espedally p. in ecke van Aelst (1502-1550) to work on tapestry designs she commissioned. pp. symboli. In cost and pro. pp. «Designers. Gazette des Beaux-Arts. «Tapisserie-'portable grandeur' und Medium der Erzählknnst». duction. DF. Tapis- series Flamandes de la Couronne d'Espagne. who governed äs regent of Berlin. 1995. 134 (1992). at the Palais de Sauoie in Malines VAN ROYEN. Her passion for tapestries 267-270. 121-139. pp. «The Habsburgs and Ta- pestry». Utrecht. In Flemish Tapestry. Eine Einführung. Een politieke analyse op basis van haar re- (¥echelen)°. DF. «The tapestries acquired by Philip II in the Netherlands in 1549-50 and 1555-59. and G. DAVIDSON. 153-178.LMARCEL. Art and Magnificence. BUCHANAN. Claims and political aspirations4. where Mary had been J The most authoritative biography remains L. espedally p. underscoring her connoisseurship of and ap. Mary of Hungary (1505-1558). Malines. belonged to a tradition long established at the Burgundian court. ing the most significant sets woven in Brüssels in the Renaissance. L'inventaire de them. 3 B. 10-16. 425. Governante des Pays-Bas et la Renaissance». 131-152. and were esteemed more than court portraits. tapestries functioned äs princely decora. CXXXIXV (Oc- cal exponents of royal and imperial splendor. Tapestries provided a measure with which to judge the Status of a great house3. in B. and Maria uan Hongarije. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND 91 . pp. 95-105. She contracted Barend van Orley (c. 715-726. Flemish tapestries constituted an essential component of Habsburg collecting in the sixteenth 1993. preciation for tapestry. DUVERGER. CAMPBELL. She dominated and presided over the tapestry industry with numerous ! T. the Netherlands 3 . WELZEL (eds. (Madrid). pp. 18-19. THE MANUFACTURE AND MARKETING OF FLEMISH TAPESTRIES IN MID-SIXTEENTH CENTURY BRÜSSELS TWO HABSBURG PATRONS AND COLLECTORS: MARY OF HUNGARY AND CATHERINE OF AUSTRIA* Annemarie Jordan Gschwend USBON-BRUSSELS: BRIDGING FAMILY T1ES 1 G. 1491-1559) and Pieter Co. FRANKE and B. weavers and en- trepreneurs: sixteenth-century Flemish tapestries in the Century 1 . CXXXIV and gold thread. Margaret of Austria (1480-1530). Also J. 380-384. Hilversum. London. At the height of tapestry production and manufacture in Brüs. commissions for the Habsburg court for over twenty-four years. Charles V (1500-1558). VVhen Mary assumed the regency. consult I. Budapest. which not only enhanced their collections. few people could afford (October 1999). «Marie de Hongrie. «Introduction». . I. GORTF. the sketches and Actes du xxif congres internationale d'histoire de l'arl. B.R- raised by her aunt. and G. äs well äs pp. Tissus d'Or. «The Furti dt Gioue Tapestries Designed by Pcrino del Vaga for Andrea Doria». For Habsburg collectors. 1999. 125.LMARCEL. Burlington Magazine. Madrid de 1598». emperor. Koningin tussen keizers en kunstenaars. because of the extensive use of silver New Documentation». investing large sums of money and time in the acquisition and commission of signif. FRANKE. Many members of the family (male and female) were discerning connoisseurs and Patrimonio National». Die Kun- One of the most dynamic and engaged patrons of tapestry was the younger sister of the st der Burgundischen Niederlande. Cfr. LXX sels in the second half of the sixteenth Century. As prime examples of conspicuous consumption. they were more valuable than the latter media. pp. New York. Kare/ V. Tapestry in the Renaissance. Cartoons of which she kept for her collection. BLICHANAN. 2002. 1997. For Habsburg patrons in the Renaissance. «Le roi Philippe II d'Espagne et la tapisserie.For tapestries commissioned and collected by Philip II of Spain. but also their residences and palaces-.). 1969. (September 1988). paintings or sculptures. she continued to engage artists who had gentschapsordonnanties en haar correspondentie rnel once vvorked for her aunt. pp. pp. 424-450.

ed. Turnhout. his wishes: «äs her only desire was to serve and obey the emperor»14. In 1550. sition of power and authority. Coxcie executed not only nine. describes Charles V's complete trust in Mary. Juana of Austria. himself a passionate collector of tapestry15. DELMARCEL. Museo del Prado). Mary demonstrated a need for self-identification in the male-dominated milieu 11 CAMPBELL. the royal counsel continued to preside under his sister. GOSMAN. 1017 were published by R. she was able «De Brusselse stadspatroonschilder voor de tapijtkunst Michiel van Cocxyen (ca. Wirken durch Kun. Recueil des Domes.RGER. Mary often shared Charles's world on equal 12 P. The fact that Mary bothered to take such preliminary Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des Aller- höchsten Kaiserhauses. See G. XC1-CCIV (reg. London. U m 'a semble impossibie Through tapestry commissions and the collecting of art works. Mary. 132-133. According to the inventory scribe. and if the inventory can be trusted then this sei has since been lost. papeles y patrones de doseles y otras cosas metidos en formed an essential component of Mary's collection.511. A. quently extended beyond domestic spheres into the political arena18. and not seen tapes- where he lived until 1557. n. 1017. panel. äs dopa- ture 1450-1650. without her direct Intervention. music and the arts fre- p. Revue Uni. footing. op. petits patrons after 1558 is not known. The sections of Mary's inventory unknown to Beer esteemed them and her painter Coxcie10. la reine douairiere de Hongrie». Paris. 1993. «Acten. «A Culturc Centre in the Southern Mary's court painters and a pupil of Van Orley. fol. and the enormous obligations placed upon Mary by Charles V's dynastic policies. especially tapestry. Mechelen 5-6 and music. EICHBF. 1497-1592). The fate of Coxde's er in her immediate family.). fol. Some sections from leg. also went with her to Spain.). As regent. 1991. «vu mes continuelles absences. pp. for inventories and payments (cuentas) of Mary's collec. DUVF. and fol. some but not all sets Juana had inherited were passed on to her brother. and despite the constraints and limitations he imposed. appear in Mary's 1558 unpublished inventory7. When it came to questions of collecting. Through her patronage.J. Until the recent reading of this unpublished inventory. DE BOURDEILLE (BRANTÖME). The two paper Cartoons cited here Pierre de Bourdeille. pictor regis (1499-1592). äs models. and 10 Coxcie moved from Malines to Brüssels in 1547. which apparently were never woven. vol. was otherwise engaged in his wars against Italy. preparatory models. EICHBERGER. The cultural sphere was the one area in which she could exercise significant Campbell points out that patrons displayed tapestries which demonstrated role models and concepts with influence16. a 3v: «dos papeles en que estan los letreros en espahol de los dichos lienzos que heran para poner en la tapizeria military feat Mary must have greatly appreciated. veinte embultorios de papeles para tapizeria e otras cosas grandes y pequehos». pp. DE BOOM in «Le tournant Beige de la destinee de family. Philip II. working there äs a pattern and Cartoon painter for tapestry-makers. Charles promoted her to a po- poesies et tombeaux. Charles would probably have bought less. Mechelen. legs. 27. Michiel Coxcie (1499-1592). Petits and grands patrons. 1530-1614). 3. in M. in R. perhaps in Flanders. 3 (1856). Commissioning paintings and tapestries that celebrated the pinna- dura. indicates how much she 8436). Flem- ish Tapestry. 1999. Contaduria her to Cigales (Spain)8. Charles V created a unique Situation for Mary. in 1558. household and estate in 1558. Cited by G. Belgiuin. äs she also owned the renowned equestrian que se acaba de hazer de los dichos lienzos con otro portrait of her brother by Titian (Charles Vat the Battle of Mühlberg. deferring whenever possible to regent of Spain. like most women of her de trouver une personne plus qualifiee que vous». (note 4). 120bis-121. From the first entry. earning the repu. Despite political restrictions verselle des Ms. Een inleidende to fulfill her intellectual curiosity and express her personal views through patronage of the arts Studie». Mary kept the emperor well-informed of his affairs. l a epoca. pp. the fate of his «petitz patrons de und Inventare aus dem Archivo General de Simancas». Vaucheret. admiring the way she per- '' A. According to Brantöme. Mary's total freedom in the domain of collecting for numerous sets during this residency. ALD and A. She equally possessed immense knowledge of the processes of tapestry manufacture and st. 18 and 24. l' epoca. PINCIIART. leg. 12 (1891). 2002. 2003. 239-258. Mary acted äs an aide- June 1992. «Tableaux et sculptures de Marie d'Autriche. BEER. trons for panels with mille-fleurs (foliage and animals) and 254 tapestries the regent took with 7 See Archivo General de Simancas (AGS). and E. 167. 5v: «muchas cles of Charles V's military career and the most significant victories of the Habsburg house. it can be inferred that Coxcie initially executed nine oil paintings äs and foremost a medium manipulated to glorify Habsburg power11. small oil paintings that served Mayor de Cuentas (CMC). la victoire de Saxe» remained unknown9. Internationa/ Co/loquium. E. She took Charge. DE SMEDT (ed. France and Germany13. dt. sonally rode out to battle against the French armies on her horse. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . the government of Flanders entirely in her hands when she took up the regency of the Nether- lands in 153l12. äs the emperor " CMC. a female soldier that ruled like a man. pp. Registen . Sammelwesen und Hofkunst unter Margarete von its various stages of production. then absences. and recounts how he placed been woven. was able to promote herseif. l. Princes and Princely Cul. Leben mit Kunst. but also two small patrons with Spanish inscriptions intended for each individual tion. In 1571. where she circulated in. Leiden-Boston. 1' This opinion was voiced by Charles V personally in a letter written from Cologne to Mary on 3 January 1531: Mary always sought to enhance the imperial dignity and reputation of the Habsburg house19. de-camp for the emperor. and patronage allowed her to develop a sensibility and discriminating taste matched by no oth- tation of the «Flemish Raphael». Brantöme thought Mary to be a sagacious Amazon. p. VANDERJAGT (eds. imprisonment of John Frederick of Saxony was a symbolic triumph for the Habsburg court. Seigneur de Brantöme (c. Michel Coxcie. for nine tapestries Netherlands: the Court of Archduchess Margaret of Aus- tria (1480-1530) in Mcchelen». 1017. Whenever Charles did These tapestry entries cite in detail those panels and sets manage to visit Flanders. her fascination for hunting. As a result. by allowing her to operate with a which he or she wished to be allied. l d epoca. in his book on contemporary il- contained in Spanish the inscriptions for these tapestries. which pergamino en questa la prison del duque de saxa: dos papeles grandes que son patrones para tapizeria de ver. 17 folios in length. p.RGER. 130. For Charles and Mary tapestry was first una caxa blanca». some executed by another of Österreich Regentin der Niederlande. patterns and drawings for tapestry in her baggage to Spain. He produced models try commissions brought to their completion. while at the same time define her official role at court20. leg. 1017 and 1093. records lists of tapestries not published by Beer." D. paintings. these had recentiy lustrious women. D. freedom not seen at other contemporary courts17. and during his (the majority of Mary's tapestry collection) which were bequeathed to her niece. MACDON- depicting Charles V's victories over the Duke of Saxony and the German Protestants in 1547. The emperor's victory over the Protestants and the indude the following entries recorded under portraits and paintings in her collection: CMC. Mary was a most suitable candidate.

Brüssels. Heritage of Burgundy». «The Sinews of cation. Un reino imaginado. in Alte und Moderne Kunst. At Mary's instigation. Goleta and Tunis in 1535. his Time.). Ex Tempore. Barend van Orley designed between 1528 and 1533 the series of " Letter from Mary of Hungary to Charles V. 8 (1934). musical instruments. Tobias. 1997. Mary of Hungary served äs a vital link between the Iberian peninsula and the Netherlands 15. and idem. Cupid and Psyche. and theßoW/e ofPavia (Lou- 15 D. Europe. ed. The Sixteenth Century Journal. 87. and Esther: the latter. Charles V 1500-1558 and important tapestry commission of her brother's reign. Madrid. Hahsburg Governance in the Sixteenth Century: Mary of Hungary and Political Patronage». tria. This family network equally func- sister. äs Habsburg princess and KOHLER (ed. BORCIIERT (ed. 1985. Queen of Portugal and France (1498-1558)» and heritance. in particular those of female relations. «A Dynasty of Col- own collection of exceptional court portraits. and even Charles himself treated Mary äs his ruling queenship in the Renaissance which stressed a queen's role äs virtuous consort. decorative arts and paintings later assembled by Philip II (1527. an image the regent Mary. 1500-1558. The development of family portrait pp. Madrid. beside underscoring their role and Status with the Habsburg Marie de Hongrie. 31. Sixteenth Century nificant tapestry cycles of her brother's reign: the Labors of Hercules. which celebrate the emperor's victory over Frangois I in 152523. bridged these lies even more. EICHBERGER. paint- gary with Iberia. model equal. dated 29 twelve tapestries of the Hunts of Maximilian for Charles V (Louvre. (note 13.-H. David. and from 1531 to 1555 was involved in the commission and purchase of the most sig. 1989. Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien. Aspecten uit leu- en uan Maria uan Hongari/e 1505-1558. 17 Over time. 1999. p. de Hongrie. «/V/a Meilleur Soeur: Leonor of Aus- Hungary's impetus and the example she set in the Brüssels palace27.F. DE KERKHOFF. luxury Wonnen in the Renaissance». 1999. paintings and objects she had casa de Austria y la infanta lsabel Clara Eugenia». in which Mary is January 1531: «Je viens seulement le sewir et lui obeir». Venus. celebrating 18 For various aspects of Mary's patronage and collec- tion consult the following: G. in Royal Inuentories of of the collections of tapestry. She HOFF. 2002. Historisch Tijdschrift KU Nijmegen. Moses. of politics and rule. depicted enjoying the pleasures of hunting (her favorite pastime). 3 (1971).N. 6. «Mujeres mecenas de la fact that Mary later brought a number of Margaret's tapestries. GOSS THOMPSON. D. exerting enormous influence upon the direc- tion royal collecting and palace decoration in Spain would take after Mary's death in 155828. Diss. independence and social connections played a decisive role.. such äs Netherlandish tapestries. LAWRENCE (ed.). the History of Scipio. would not have been possible without Mary of -" Cfr. Charles Quint. London. financial re. Margaret's mother-in-Iaw. Margaret of Austria's in. the Conquest of Tunis. cat.). especially p. 349-360. first estab- versity of Nijmegen. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND 93 . A. Vertumnus and Pomona. and M. were elite women whose wealth. veuve royale». Margaret of Austria.D. pp.Patronage provided her and other female relations with a platform upon which they could ad- vance their interests and tastes. vol. provided a model for oth- ra Carolas. is well docu. and. in A. See also idem. «Karl V als Mäzen der Niederlandischen vre. dent System of distribution of luxury goods and gifts among relatives.R. and D.J. ruler and intercessor for her people. Catherine of Portugal (1507-1578). 28 abella of Castile (1451-1504). in 1497. Mary was Tapisserie Kunst». 9. Mary displayed tapestries in her residences in Brüssels (Coudenberg. 2002 (unpublished paper). Cahiers Historiques. «Maria de Hungria. where she retired in 1556. Charles V's sisters. Catherine of Austria. 87-95. «Mary of Hungary monial event and state occasion at Mary of Hungary's and Charles V's courts26. 185-194. one of the most potent Images of ter ego. They became the flagship of the dynasty. JORDAN. pp. Flem. Women and Art in Early Modem former palace of the Burgundian dukes). and äs visual metaphors 1958. «The Habsburgs and the Cultural 152529. L. As regent. in El arte en la corte de los Archiduques Alberto de Austria e inherited in 1530 to Spain. Arizona. «Bildnisse aus dem Charles V äs defender of the Catholic faith and glorifying his victory over Turkish forces at La Hause Habsburg II: Königin Maria von Ungarn». Prince Juan. pp. April 11-13. Mary's lsabel Clara Eugenia (1598-1633). pp. 173-196. pp. a la luz de su correspondencia». 87. mented25. in T. pp. 44. 1971). Acteon. Collecting. XI. promote her own political agenda and that of the Habsburg dynasty. 401-418. The (1991). pp. dt. became a fundamental cornerstone idem. Flemish tapestries. JORDAN. 2001. Their political Status äs of Van Eyck. p. DE KERK- in the mid-sixteenth Century. Charles V and the Imperial Family. with Portugal and the Lisbon court. most the Dynasty». Jacques Du Broeucq. F. in particular p. books. The Age sources. -1 Dagrnar Eichberger points out how the Habsburg network of dynastic relationships functioned äs an effi- This essay will examine in greater detail precisely those links established by Mary of Hun. Antwerp. sculptures.). 196-197. where Mary's youngest ings and manuscripts. Paris). äs Symbols of princely glorifi. Journal. Mary saw herseif becorning Charles's al- Paul. sculpteur et architecte de la Renaissance. op. SOLY (ed. patterned after her aunt Margaret's mode of collecting Sixteenth-Century Royal Women. er Habsburg courts. A. 27-111. «Verdadero padre y senor. Checa (forth- coming). galleries in Spain and Portugal.. This series promoted the fame and repute of the Habsburg dynasty. Mary and Catherine. Carlos V/Kar! V 1500-2000. «Het hof van lished between the courts of her aunt. for instance. The Mediterranean World and Early Nether- landish Painting 1430-1530. pp. Coxcie lectors: The Patronage and Collecting of Habsburg and Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen (1500-1559). Binche and Mariemont. in Female Dynasties: The Patronage. 1956. Patrons. pp. when Margaret married Isabel's son. «Charles V and dowager queen of Hungary most identified with24. Collectors and Connoisseurs. Paris)22. 4 (1984). Ghent. 118-137. Asian exotica and curiosities. Renaissance Society of and manner of display. in H. and the way these were exhibited in Mary's residences in Flanders to America Annual Meeting. J. University Park. the backbone of Mary's outstanding collection. DOYI. extremely conscious of the use of tapestries äs a form of Propaganda. RODRI'GUEZ-SALGADO. Tot plichtsbetrachting uitüerkoren. Carolianus. G. 25-29. the ". and Music Patronage». Her close involvement with the single. 1999. and Bequeathing of Portraits by goods. 1598) and his sister. GORTER-VAN ROYF. Ph. regente de los Paises Bajos. more importantly. pp. Is. 10. J. Calisto. used to mark every cere. ruled äs queen since her marriage to John III in tioned äs a platform for an international cultural ex- change. Queen of Portugal (1507-1578)». Cited in DE BOOM. the Seuen Deadly Sins. paintings by Titian. GLÜCK. where she had introduced Renaissance styles and ideas. HEINTZ. Mons. 23-33. regent and queen was characterized by their patronage and the acquisition of art works. 187. C. Uni- equally bridged cultural and artistic relations between Spain and the Netherlands. 198-199. Juana of Austria (1535-1573). Scottsdale..2 (2000). Penn. landvoogdes Maria van Hongarije in de Jaren 1531-1555». Marie family hierarchy and network21.

Carneiro undertook a 29). p. Lisbon archive have disclosed these sisters exchanged ideas on artistic and political matters. in K. ter exerted upon her and the rest of the family34. Providencc. 1994. The Development of Catherine of Aus- tria's Collection in the Queen's Household: Its Character At the beginning of the 1550s. Assuerns und Esther am Burgunderhof. in idem. Lis. 0. L. coord. Carneiro had been entrusted with a delicate and difficult mission: it is not an easy en el Arte Espanol. A. 27 A. 2 (1996). DE Jo\riE. JORDAN. upon whom shc played an influential role. 1994. Therefore. dt. which continued un- and Cos/. luxury goods. «Portuguese Royal Collecting after difficult journey. Re. court portraits and exotica from Portuguese Asia were reciprocated. idem. Cultural Links between Portugal and Italy in 16 days (awaiting his travel papers41). 118. TOLLEY. Catherine increased cultural ties with Mary. For Habsburg portrait galleries and collections in the Netherlands and at the Par- her relationship and exchange with Catherine.22 A. 2005. tive and Stimulation she received from Brüssels. 1998. Indian pillows. «The 'Battle of Pavia' and the tapestry Mary and Catherine belonged to a «particular tradition of patronage. 23 I. «Mujeres coiec- cionistas de la Casa de Austria en el siglo xvi». in La Monarquia de Fe/ipe II a debate.. underscoring once Brüssel 1548-1554. in dita senora mamdou a sua Irmäa». cats. He equally crisscrossed ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . cat. Catherine's self-imaging äs queen. sels in 1551. 417-431. Madrid. particularly in the acquisition of Flemish tapestries. 345-351. Documents in the (1450-1530).D. in La Mujer ument 1). 1997. LÖWE (ed. again her close links with the Lisbon court: a piece of unicorn hörn.L. Madrid. Retrato de Corte ein Portugal. 2000. 196-205. court and diplomatic matters. Ceylonese pp. collecting cultural exchange. 1998. Vienna. Catherine's collection and patronage reflect patterns of collecting and modes of patronage established by Mary in Flanders33. took him four months to conclude pp. Berlin. Lisbon. several Gujarati mother-of-pearl caskets and Manierismo e o retrato da corte em Portugal. 1551 2i) A. a Ceylonese ivory cas- ket that contained a piece of jasper to staunch the flow of blood. Through cultural sponsorship. from Brüs- naissance Studies. (note 4). versed in several languages. CSIC. and CAMPBEI. äs some surviving letters can corroborate31. Catherine evidently knew ages of Empire: Slaves in the household and court of Catherine of Austria». O Legado de Antonio Moro (1552-1572). espedally p. RUDOLF. Burling- ton Maqazine. Ku- GLER and R. enough so äs to undertake this task with such self-assurance. JORDAN. in Der Kriegszug Kaiser Karls V. As a gen- 32 Instituto dos Arquivos Nacionais/Torre do Tombo tleman of her household (moco da camara). a table made of Manierista em Portugal. 237-258. (note trolleur of her household40) and artisans in Brüssels who worked for her. on behalf of his queen. LÖWE (eds. op. 429-472. 114-121. Brown University. Gifts. Seipel. Francisco Carneiro. a tortoiseshell fan from India. In re- ma court see the essay by Almudena Perez de Tudela in turn. before continuing on to Brüssels. 10. «States of independence: women regents äs patrons of the visual arts in Renaissance France». K. written by Catherine's servant. 383-436. her courtiers (espedally the con- 33 A. «The Image of a King: Court Portraits in the Collection of Philip 11». äs inovacöes e a importagäo de um estilo». 2000. 143-154. two Chinese or Japanese lacquer caskets. JORDAN. Ph. 154-164. in Philipp/is hörn vessel3'. DELMARCEL and A.I. 155-180. 147: «if rs que no dito dia despemdeo para se vestir huä escraoa que ha sawy in artistic. «O a silver incense burner from India. task to fulfill the Shopping needs of a demanding queen. Kartons und Tapisserien. R. itemizes in detail numerous purchases made there on her behalf (appendix: doc- 252. Ribot Garcia. pp. 1995. 53-58. Bi CHANAN. The Indian. Cambridge.stries consult the recent exhibition catalogucs: Kaiser queen's preference for Flemish art works and craftsmen underscore the influence her eider sis- Karl V. cit. äs fontes. a coconut uenera from India and a rhinoceros bon. op.). where he stayed in Fontainebleau 1521: the choice between Flanders and Italy». LEFEBURE. a lacquer table from China. a painted ivory gaming board. patron and collector relied immensely upon the incen- thisvolume. Black Africans in Renaissance Europe. Carneiro knew well his queen's tastes. they -' B. his Shopping spree. Macht und Ohmacht Europas. tortoiseshell. traveling by post through Spain and France.. pp. confided in him and in his abilities. pp. Mary's prestige and Status at the impeiial court in Brüssels was augmented by II Rex. G. Zur Rezeption des Buches Esther in den Niederlanden maintained a close relationship. pp. 50. BAUS. Nücleo Antigo (NA) 792. JORDAN. pp. 2000. order to be capable of successfully accomplishing his assignment39. Their artistic relationship and exchange. FRANKE. A thirty-four page report. probably French. A QUEEN'S SHOPPING LIST: BRÜSSELS. ed. portraits. a nautilus Shell. Regents and Princesses». Carneiro undoubtedly was well-educated and (IAN/TT). time and space. 1993. Arie no Tempo de Camöes. «Im. 2S Cfr. Thesis. til her sister's retirement from government in 1556.). Catherine had exquisite taste and was familiär with high-quality objects :il It is possible future archival research will yield more letters which can elucidate more on their friendship and and merchandise from Flanders. pp. this courtier well. idem. habits and collection. Seipcl. has come to light in an extraordinary docu- 2(1 T. and brought him into close contact with the regent Mary. and idem. gegen Tu. «Die editio princeps für Kaiser Karl V. pp. ed. Mary and Catherine never met one another and despite distance.P. nis. in T. Vlll Jornadas de Arte. «Patterns of Patronage among Habsburg Queens. were able to promote themselves and carve out their official position at their respective courts. Madrid. «Las dos äguilas del emperador Car- los V Las colecciones y el mecenazgo de Juana y Maria de Austria en la corte de Felipe II». 385-391 and 428-434. W. pp. ment38. Vienna. let alone buy objects she would like and find acceptable. ish tapestries. Also A. tending»30. Mary even received from Catherine a female slave in 154l32. fol. Mary of Hungary's 1558 inventory reveals a fascination for exotica. und weitere Tapisserien Willem de Pannemaker». n. In any case. a coconut. a wooden casket filled with ground unicorn hörn and coral branches35. A Pintara tables:ii. BAI >ER. pp. W. exotica and animals. 154.J. which they set about ex- collection of Don Carlos: new documentation». CXLIV (June 2002). Also A. and Asian objects were gifts from her sister Catherine: medicinal stones. they Les C'hasses de Maximalen. (1500-1558). Paris. Centro de Estu- dios Histöricos. EARLE and K. and the Portuguese 2(1 For the most up-to-date bibliography of the Tunis tape. GARCI'A SANZ and K. JORDAN.

Cited in Mary's unpublished inventory entries in AGS. cated a valet of her bedchamber.1 epoca. to arrange credit in the amount of 5000 cruzados to pay for Carneiro's tnana de Carlos V». CC l. and. JORDAN. Diogo Vaz. system to obtain rarities. Cfr. in was primarily responsible in obtaining the best precious stones. pp. cameos. Despite excellent lies with the Italian merchants. bronzes. the «Inventario de los bienos de la reina de Hnngrfa. Princess of ry goods. even giving no Italian or ancient art works: antiquities. 203-252. medals. Nicolao Cattaneo43. CC I. äs will be discussed below. 238. to be added to this Gujarati casket. Juana. even tak. maco 92. later in 1537. probably Chinese in manufacture. silks (appendix: document 2)48. pp. 38 (15 Decem- ber 1529) for payments made to Afonso d'Avila. and was the largest international fair of late Me- dieval and Renaissance Spain. helping her settle financial questions. e nos moldes e agulhas que sua Alleza mandou a Roiz and the queen were further assisted by two Portuguese in Antwerp: Ruy Mendes46 and framdes a Rainha sua Irmäa por mandado em xxbj de agosto de 1542». As the queen's agent. which has not survived. 383. 161: «10. Carneiro was helped immensely during the Portuguese factor in Flanders sent Catherine in 1538. in four. Indian and Cey. expenses in Flanders. 61 (2003). where and from whom. p. NA 792. doc. 95v. 1921. 238. Mary bon (Cfr. and the second dealer and Miscelanea Comillas. tapestry weaver. «A Masterpiece of Indo-Portuguese Art: The Rhinoceros Cup of Maria of Portugal. he could not have carried out 1558. is the earliest Asian hörn vessel of its kind recorded in a ders. 45-59. who acted äs intermediaries between Lisbon and Brüssels. that some purchases and (note 291. Catherine main.A. 617. or not yet been found in the Lisbon archive. VAN DER ES- evolved into a merchant queen with a great deal of business acumen. JORDAN. ÄLVAREZ. äs she did when she sold merce d'exportation des Pays-Bas uers l'Espagne et le Portugal ä l'epoque de Charles-Quint (1553-1554). and keep her regularly informed of goods for sale in these markets. Her court goldsmith. with three ships on the queen's behalf.). who cooked his meals and helped dress 31 IAN/TT. and fol. even undertaking over. the queen's Orders in Flanders. finally boarding the ship Santiago in Zeeland for the trip home. fol. cmzados. to Goa. carefully advised Catherine in her choice of what to buy.800 rs cm compra de hun cofre de madre perolo guarnecido de prala forrada there and in Antwerp were directly involved: Giovanni Spinola (Joam Jacome Espindola) and de c^etlm carmesim que fo\ em maos da Rainha nosa senora». 265-293. 48-58. 2000. During bis four the Renaissance. Mary's rhinoceros cup. European collection. agents. exotica and luxury goods was organized from the onset of ™ Medina was the location for the annual fair held in her reign: factors. Italy and France. Agostino Gentili44 and Bento Salvago45. the Portuguese factor from 1549 to 1556 and consul in 1554. the transactions of which. doc. letters of exchange and credit. pp. As can be seen from document l (appendix). pp. sculpture or portrait busts are recorded her sister tapestry commissions she no longer wanted or needed. 29 March 1554). Medina. He was Catherine's main Informant in Flanders. At this and captain (Antonio Afonso) to Charter. transport and other expenses. Louvain. Cornelis de Ronde. her- merchant Bento Roiz. 10 (1914). Palos also organ. Lucas Giraldi and Benedetto Gachone in Lis- commissions may have been worked out between the two sisters prior to his arrival. where he was paid a salary to «serve •!:i Perhaps a relation of Silvestre Cattaneo in Antwerp. Portuguese wine in Goa and imported a surplus of Indian textiles and clothes to seil in Lisbon. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND 95 . Memorias de la Real Academia Es- panola.Flanders. maco 44. Portuguese viceroys and household officials Castile. leg. the queen in India»50. Contribuition ä l'histoire du port d'Anoers du com- seas ventures to finance her Shopping expenses and costly tastes. 1400-1800. localizing which ship (the Santiago) !(1 This person was not named by Carneiro. Art Markets in Europe. Besides arranging Carneiro's trip. pp. without the Intervention of several key fig- '•"' These u-crc later inhcrited by her niece. animals. CMC. The Italian (Genoese) merchants active % IAN/TT. in Catherine's inventories. 1017. A Danaao to arrange his «passport». Angelo di Marini?. PEKEZ PASTOR. lAN-'TT. Oxford University Press. date. served äs the regent's treasurer. and it appears from correspondence Other documents confirm her long and close rclations with Portuguese agents in Flanders. «La casa de la reina Catalina de nied Carneiro on his Shopping excursions and arranged for various modes of payments: the Portugal: estructura y facciones politicas (1550-1560)». lived permanently in Goa for over twenty years. ing out the insurance policy which covered for the eventual damage or loss of her expensive tapestries19. As early äs 1531. were handled through contacts in Spain at Medina del Campo42. Aldershot. goldsmiths. Italiens) a Anuers de 1488 ä 1567. his entire stay in Brüssels by Mary and her courtiers. keep. at Consult J. L. 1925. Catherine Merldionales (Portugals. merchants. coins. 1998. tained long and close contact with Mendes. pay for the goods Carneiro came to buy. ized the shipment of the queen's goods back to Lisbon. Etüde sur les Colonies Marchandes cheaper prices. cit. M. «Artistic Enterprise and Spanish Patronage: The Art Mar- sive items. Correa was to buy from direct sources in Asia. SEN. Cochin and Malacca were recruited to aid the queen in her search for exclu. ORMROD (eds. 3 (2000). Palos and Mendes often accompa- 39 F. and in C. GORIS. 289-314. diamonds. p. often recruiting him over the years to buy her luxu.T. Antwerp. who gave Catherine ordered new European mounts and decoration Carneiro the necessary monies to pay the bills. fol. 169: «prata fina que pos no cofre Company. 46. in ures. The latter payment for silver suggests Antonio Palos47. n. äs she did in 1564 when he supplied her with high-quality Florentine and Venetian Parma (1538-1577)». for which Services he was paid 2681/. op. See IAN/TT. month sojourn. NA 792. Rogier Pathie. Palos acted äs the queen's official agent and negotiator in Flan. drapier 14. LABRADOR ARROYO. 41 The French court was in Paris during this Interim and Carneiro engaged the Service of an agent he named Catherine depended on this sort of networking in Europe. Espagno/s. Catherine relo. frequented by merchants stationed in Goa. traveling two times to Oudenaarde and thirteen times between Brüssels and Antwerp. from Flanders. 37 Cfr. A. äs she did in Portuguese Asia. Catherine first recruited a reliable resource based in Lisbon. merchant Lazarus (Lazaro) Duquar was paid in two installments. Carneiro did not operate alone in this enterprise. 51. ing her frequently updated äs to what merchandise was for sale in Antwerp. Oriental Art. Consult M. NORTH and D. Antonio Correa. Oxford. for goods (not specified) him. Brüssels and else- where in Northern Europe. l. Catherine of Aus- lonese jewelry. and ket during the Reign of lsabel of Castile (1471-1504)». Manuel Botelho was commanded by John III to sail in the Far tria also maintained direct contact with merchants in East for three years. the musician. Carneiro hired a male servant boy. Equally. in particular p. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales.

the middle. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . gria aquem ela mandou fazer hos ditos seis acafates». apparent in an undated letter addressed to Ruy Mendes. were acquired from the following dealers or merchants: Adri- muyto de sobre mäo e em tanta perfeicarri como se cus- tuma quando se laz para paragone/a amostra do dam. cat. This document offers a unique description of five chests (with gifts from Lisbon) she sent Charles V. fols. perhaps this commission arranged before his departure. craftsmen and Workshops Mary of CGoRis. dt. which required the paid detailed list with samples.C l. IAN/TT. who worked in Brüssels for the regent's court31. amostras douro e damasco da Sorte que quella que me enuieys o ouro prata damasco e borlas e telas con. phone directory of artisans working in Brüssels at this date. Ms 85. from tified in the future by scholars. who was not named by Carneiro. p. which he received a salary. (another Portuguese). 95: «paguei por hun scrito of how expensive. op. strumental in shipping from Flanders to Lisbon an elabo- rate mule-drawn litter or carriage the queen had commis- Carneiro's report confirms that certain items. in 1564. Each basket had its own leather storage case. their subject matter and the quality of their supervised everything done to the last detail and fortunately for us was just äs meticulous in his manufacture. many of whom remain to be iden- man (morador) in the household of King John III. The list follows on fol. tapestries. and executed un- Joäo Periera Dantas. Luis Carler (Carlet?). CG l. and who dominated the artistic milieu at this K Catherine's appreciation of Italian luxury textiles is date. usually of noble birth. 131 cited in JORDAN. äs one entry describes: «ao ouriuez da Rainha dom- 'D The Portuguese factors in Flanders were invariably well educated men. p. commissioned to procure the best damask on the market Mary's expertise was mobilized on all levels. which in June of 1552 muyto breue Recado e de tal maneyra que se narrt took ten seamen to carry from the ship Santiago docked at the Lisbon waterfront to the dane/o quäl sera da Sorte y calydade que se contem no dyto Rol». maco 92. quality and manufacture. [note 43]. fol. Finally. (note 29). Jaques. may e näo despanha por que me dyzen que numqua se faz amarela/Avisa meys loguo do que estas cousas podera have been executed by Christoffel Radnecker. In- struments and other luxury goods for sale. Palos and gently: «f isto ha deligemqia que pos em nos fazer he ofeaais que para isto tomou». operated. such äs the merchant/dealer Lazarus Duquar. op. She relied entirely upon the goodwill of a sister. p. chant). and others embroidered with Old Tes- mento meu e o que se ouvese de mandar fazer fose por tament scenes (Cain and Abel). Her controlleur was involved in the financial transactions of this order made according to Mary's specifications. Silver bas- dyto Rol e a seda em que se ouuer de fazer sera suriana kets commissioned from Mary of Hungary's goldsmith. They were multi-lingual and because of their gen. äs did Joäo Brandäo with Albrecht Dürer in 1521-1522. whom Carneiro subsequently visited to make all the pur- ki Mendes worked äs secretary of the Portuguese feito. 1065-1066 (ca. ployed to obtain everything on her wish list.865. op. 81 (where Palos was mis-identified by the author äs a mer. 1564-1565): «tfuy assistance of three falconers for 19 days. some described äs lauor de theudas no dyto Rol e tudo queria que fose muyto per- feyto por que he para cousas de muyto gosto e conlenta- damasco de flores. Carneiro Mendes appear to have been quite knowledgeable about tapestries. More importantly. (note 29). 1066. each of which decorated with a steel escutcheon in saryo o quäl faco fundamento deuy mandar em pymen- ta trazem os Noso nellas naos da India por que se es. See Biblioteca Püblica Munici- pal do Porto. textiles. written report to his queen. em uerga a mostra») and the Courier who brought the required silver for the latter men from erous salaries could engage in artistic patronage.: Palos never failed to assist the queen with her affairs with financial means.A. others äs lauor de ueneza or pavia. dt. up of Mary's household officials because the commission had been expedited quickly and dili- to date about paintings. More on Mendes and Palos in GORIS. The mechanics behind such a business deal are minutely outlined. Cfr. 109. chases itemized for him before his departure from the Lisbon court. der Mary's watchful eye. had been especially sioned in Paris with the assistance of her ambassador. and later was appointed consul in Flan- ders from 1562 to 1565. äs in 1553 when he supervised the shipment available to her to buy luxury goods from abroad. 619). often em. spending a total of 1. Extra monies were paid out by Carneiro to the goldsmith and to several men were very familiär with the markets in Flanders. (note 43). doc. 102. made for Catherine. plate to Flemish tapestries (28 panels and 3 portieres in all). [note 43]. silver-gilt in 1556 (GoRis. 217-218 and 623. C. Jean Dingas. op. even the regent's hunting skills and know-how in in Milan and Venice for the queen. queen's apartments in the royal palace. Mendes was in. 624). uos enoyo huä Rol e certas for the ship journey back to Lisbon. custar para uos mandar prouer com o dinheiro nece- The latter were made of the finest silver. NA 792. He is also recorded äs a gentle. like the silver baskets. 617 and p. . an Borlamaque. so were the diplomatic and family lies Catherine de- seu irmäo». asco me dyzem que foy feyta cm Miläo mas tenho en- Francisca da Cruz (a woman of Portuguese origin). mm hos cinquo caixöes que mandou ao emperador ferred from reading between the lines. Gerard Baques. Carneiro bought twenty-two young falcons. gold plate. dt. Pewter vessels of assorted shapes and sizes were obtained from the ver ao quäl emcomendareys que tenha o dyto damasco muito seda para questa corpulente como se contem no pewtersmith Laurence (Lourenqo estanheiro) and the merchant Lazarus Duquar. Euerarte de Ovelar. who also sent him a this domain were tapped. besides understanding the economic channels and resources in Flanders. etc. ''" IAN/TT. Textiles and cloth of various sizes. dt.'" Gentili was appointed Genovese consul in Antwerp The items Carneiro bought for Catherine ranged from expensive cloth to pewter. through the Shopping streets of Brüssels. These Antwerp to Brüssels. Derrick van der Mauruen and Caspar Roiz tendido que se fara muyto milhor em Veneza pelo que o mandareys loguo alj fazer ao milhor mestre que ahy ou. doc. 369. His report reads like a tele- ria in Antwerp. Even more extraordinary are the names of dealers. bought and transported to a royal de Antonio Palos que esta em frandes tres mit e sei's cen- customer. whom she did not know but admired greatly. IAN/TT. JORDAN. to guide her. op. besides the construction of special perches and cages Mendes EU a Rainha. who assumed diplomatic functions at the Habsburg named artisans (obreiros) who assisted the goldsmith in making silver models («que fezeräo court. high-quality tapestries were marketed. p. maco 106. it provides a behind-the-scenes look of how a royal collector of Catherine's Status and position.472 '•' Perhaps a relation of Antonio Salovago Piccanoto reais. Payments were made to several un- ployed äs gentlemen in Portuguese royal households. dt. or rather her faithful servant. Hungary recommended to Catherine. and äs can be in- tos e nouenta rs que fez de despesa por mandado de V. Jean Embre supplied pera e podem me loguo enoiar o ouro e prata conteudos no dyto Rol ou alguma parta dele faloeys osy enoyra a Carneiro with twenty-four chests to störe and transport these goods. pp.

«The Nauigatione d'Enea Tapestries De- signed by Perino del Vaga for Andrea Doria». 72(March 1990)..getty. Lisbon. These tapestries. d'archeologie et d'histoire de l'art. cut) in December 193257. (note 53). completed and woven? Was Catherine in any way directly involved with this commission. appears to have been well-informed by her Portuguese intermediaries. depict episodes of the First Book of Kings (l Kings 22: 1-40): King Jehoshaphat ofJudah uisits and CAMPBELL. fol. Mary of Hungary's own collec- tion of goid and silver plate was extensive. female figures in Swings and couples. Vente publique.. maras de tapecaria». Joäo de Castro. cannot. in Maria van Hongarije. op. tion of French and Co. and DELMARCEL and DUMORTIER. pp. if any between the faisant partie de la collection de Somzee. FFOULKE. 209v: «En lixboa a xbij de Julhn de 1552 Rece- ders between 1531 and 153653. Cornelis de Ronde (t 1569)52. pp. 1551 (appendix: The borders of all three are identical: flowers and strapwork are interspersed with various ani. have been purchased by the Getty Foundation. 1996. nos. Delmarcel and Dumortier compare the conception and figures 37 Until 1967 these three panels were still in the collec- of the Ahab panels with those of another famous tapestry cycle at the Lisbon court. D. dt. the Portuguese queen bought nine panels of the biblical History of Queen Esther. 0237722. C. Two preparatory drawings frandes os quoaes truxo frandsco carneiro moco da ca- by Perino have survived and were identified by Bernice Davidson. in New York around 1926 and exhibited at the Wadsworth Atheneum (Connecti. These are avail- have De Ronde confidently taken on the financial risk of investing in such an expensive cycle able for study and consultation on the internet: without a specific buyer in mind. However. these were in his collection in Washington. DUMORTIER. (note 5). Brüssels. or did he already have someone waiting for the set to be http:/Iuna. IAN/TT. 73-78. CC I. to Catherine's sister. she purchased nine panels of the Story of King Ahab (figures l and 2) and eleven of the Histo- ry of Solomon. 61-63. and C. which Catherine knew well58. 20-25 May 1901. cit. «Cornelis de Ronde. two woven by De Ronde. cit. pp. Tapestries for the els of the Life of Ahab. dos de pano por dentro-». 214. 64-65. D. Later. document 11: «he em lugar da de Eneas que era uemdi- da leua outra da Estorea de! Rey Acab nas ditas tres ca- mals. beo a camareira dona me^ia dandmde do thesoureiro aluai'o lopez seis azafates de uerga de prata fina de were woven in silk and gold and called the Nauigatione d'Enea54. Mary. numbering twenty-eight panels. putti. «Macht cn Pracht. provided ry and one of the surviving drawings of the Binche by a Netherlandish painter.. and Ronde or from her Portuguese agents. 136. these extant Aeneas tapestries derive from second-generation cartoons.0237717. Scholars generally agree that meyo oyfenta seis marcos huä OT?CG e tres oytavas. with inscrip.. From the weaver-entrepreneur. Maria oan Hongarije. 1913. but whether Catherine was satisfied with this replacement is not recorded. E cada hun destes aqafates tem huä caixa con sua these \aterAeneas tapestries executed in Brüssels. the Third War against Syria: Ahab prepares for battle (figure 2) and the Third War against Syria: death of Ahab (figure 3). Joäo de Castro. DELMARCEL.. A History of Ahab and the Kings of Israel (figures 1-3)' was purchased from De Ronde in its Wandtapijtwever Te Brüssel (t!569)». C. pp. record nos. a set he had for sale of seven panels of the History ofAeneas. or even by De Ronde himself. "'' BROWN and DELMARCEL. woven in Brüssels after cartoons in Michiel Coxcie's style. (note 4).M. 35-50. either from Mary. modeled after the editio princeps. or 30 The ten tapestries devoted to the victories of the Por- was she merely buying de Ronde's existing stock? She must have known about the number of tuguese Vice-roy in India are dated by Delmarcel around panels and their size before Carneiro's departure from some informant. Ercole. but which may not faithfully reproduce Andrea Doria's original designs and tapes. Many questions remain unanswered: did De Ronde weave this later Aeneas set on his own op. p. See Catalogue des tapisseries. New York. purchased after his death by 5:i B. since Carneiro had express orders to buy the Aeneas Tapecarias de D. doc. now in Vi. maco 87. op. French & Co. identified by Delmarcel and Dumortier. Photos of Ffoulke's tapes- initiative äs a speculative venture.. From the merchant/dealer Lazarus Duquar. are based upon cartoons deriving from Peri. recorded in Doria's inventories until 1825. in all probability. op. äs her invento- tries. 52 G. Het mecenaat van Maria van Hongari- je». The Portuguese queen.. (note 5). 357-359. Courts of Ercole II. Rather. 0237715. Seattle-London. pp. cit. cit. tapadoura de barnheico cubertas de coyro preto e forra- no's models. formerly in collection of Monsieur de Somzee in Brüssels.. Cfr. 41-67. and Ferrante Gonzaga. be defined. pp. while the cartouches above. pp. were purchased by Charles Ffoulke in 1901. of tapestries available from his Workshop and störe. pp. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND 97 . whose present whereabouts are unknown. 64-65.. Another cycle Catherine intended to buy from De Ronde is mentioned and dis- cussed in some length in Carneiro's report. De 1557. pp. See DELMARCEL. King Ahab (figure 1). pp. keen in acquiring the best. 544- two commissions. Revue Beige place56. 1522- 63. Catherine purchased three large tapestry sets. and may be related to Catherine's lost set. based on designs 51 These silver baskets are recorded in Catherine's 1550-1553 unpublished inventory. VAN DEN BOOGERT. for whom a set had been woven in Flan- 794. which belonged to Andrea Doria. DELMARCEL and C. are flanked by festoons. who related them to the lat. 34. 290-291. upon his arrival. In particular. äs yet. 546. 1995. 312-313. 55 (1986). BROWN and G. cit. market35. mara da Rainha nosa senora de frandes todos Junta- mente con hun escudo dat^o que cada hun deles ten no er weavings of Aeneas sets executed in the 1540s and 1550s. once in the photo archive of French & Co. Lisbon. cat. Also B. Three pan.CORNELIS DE RONDE AND THE HISTORY OF AENEAS TAPESTRIES At this juncture.edu/images/tapestry. DAVIDSON. developed from Perino's original conception for a commercial festivities can confirm.. The surviving Ahab panels. 353. op. tions. (note 52). op. NA by Perino del Vaga. 269- Carneiro had been dispatched from Lisbon to specifically buy this Aeneas cycle. What connection. or was he instructed by a particular patron to do so? Would tries. (note 52). Art Bulletin. enna. 5ti IAN/TT. The Ffoulke Collection of Tapestries. he found it had already been sold. specifically pp. 79-80.

op. 75-87. See the unpublished entries in AGS. and is documented in connection with the Italian firm of the Affaitadi in 1555- 1556. As with a 63 IAN/TT. and that the two sisters evidently competed to buy it. 325-332. vol. Diogo Fernandez. Catarina Lopez62. 341. 1991. arrival at court in 1554. «La Nation flamande ä Lisbonne». «Tapices del Patrimonio Nacional. and equipped with 300 copper rings procured from HEFFORD. and see if they would agree to complete the commission for a maintained tapestries in the royal wardrobes. Cfr. Was De Ronde nervous about having expensive sets in stock? Was he worried Catherine would not buy them. 39 and 57. despite her loyalties to Catherine. cit. 9 that Catherine was aware of the size and dimensions of her new tapestries. sist. Una serie de la Historia de Dido y Eneas». Both sets were inherited by Juana of Austria in unnamed painter (perhaps Michiel Coxcie) in Brüssels had to be paid by Carneiro to execute a 1558 and later recorded in 1598 in the tapestry collection new cartoon to accurately fit the size of these armorial hangings. Antonio Fernandes. the matter operated more simply. 3. Although few letters between the two sisters have survived. (note 29). cit- ed in JORDAN. 24 March 1555). underscoring how much she relied upon Flandre et Portugal. JUNQUERA DE VcoA. Esther and Solomon. ordering. this document confirms their Lourenco Prego and Mattheus Fernandes. without any embarrassment or consideration. De Ronde must have had a good reputation. were cited for the first time panels dubbed uiejo and the other set she obtained from De Ronde in 1551.cat. Philip II6". Cfr. He sold tap- estries there. would have had the finances to pay for a set of large-scale Aeneas tapestries. Daniel (IAN/TT. Mary obviously could not re- Wool and silk. that only a member of Charles V's family. doc. who later declined the order for unspecified reasons and tapiceria uieja de la ystoria de heneas que son nueue panos y cada uno dellos tiene de cayda c. that 28 panels be lined with 595 varas of cloth61. op. with the first buyer on the scene being the lucky one. one older set with nine of King Ahab. Carneiro. In 1557. 1550-1570. There is little reason to doubt similar contacts with the Portuguese factors. 182-183. passed it on to her sister. «Another Aeneas Tapestry». tapestry panel. Brüssels. measuring a total of 715 anas. c. Charles V. HERRERO CARRETERO. with tapestry. cit. 1986. and her nephew. Madrid. after their (1974). where she took them in 155659. XI (1986). with many contacts in Antwerp. ceira (tapestry weaver). p. pp. Was Mary of Hungary in any way involved in the Aeneas commission? The regent must have known De Ronde well and appreciated his talents. French & Co. Upon the re- mately one yard. The Carneiro report proves for the first time that Mary. h. Au confluent de deux cultures. STOLS. parties is not known. mythological imagery closely associated with the fi4 An ana equals a Flemish eil (68. leg. maco 4. 1017. The fact she sought to obtain at great expense the Aeneas cy- Antwerp. in an inventory taken of her wardrobe at this date64. Carneiro's report reveals Catherine's connoisseurship and probably the Flemish tapissier resident in Lisbon. 120bis (unfoliated): «una Carneiro's report further informs Catherine of armorial tapestries: fifty hangings made in tapiceria de seda y lana fina de la ystoria de Heneas en siete pie^as y cada una tiene de cayda seis anas y todas Oudenaarde. Juana of Austria. and where they were later inherited by her niece. JUNQUERA DE VEGA and C.. (note29). CC I. 171. Anes textiles. CC II. in buying such a beautiful and superbly executed tapes- De Somzee. Daniel Gris. 59.40. doc. first- the Israelite Kings (King Jehoshaphat of Judah visits King Ahab). according to of Philip II. E. Habsburg court. Reales Sitios. CMC. especially. cle. is even more illuminating. 48 (2 January 1554). on a first-come. (note2). worked in cheaper price. DELMARCEL. maco 41. present whereabouts unknown. who repaired and to bargain with the weavers. was too large. P. pp. coll. Bernice Davidson has shown in her study of Andrea Doria's original commission. just snatched \heAeneas set from Catherine. try cycle so ideologically related to her dear brother. cit. or that her servant would not come / Workshop of Cornelis de Ronde. Brüssels. 160. in Lisbon63. Mary bought De Ronde's Ae- neas set only few years before she retired to Spain. See JORDAN.inco anas y to. 83. 17-28. the copper smith. 4. pp. why she took tapestries ob- viously reserved for Catherine is unclear. op. pp.72 m. Life ofAhab and with the promised payment? Perhaps. in discriminating tastes at the height of her collecting. and also own the appropriate residence with enough space to hang them. the sets she acquired from Duquar and De Ronde 60 Two sets of Aeneas tapestries were recorded in Mary's unpublished inventory. knowing füll well Carneiro was on his way. and New York. The latter commis- juntas tubieron dozentos e ochenta e tres anas: otra sion was first initiated by Mary. Carneiro went twice to Oudenaarde from Brüssels with her controlleur. sewn on by her tapi- Volumen I: Siglo x\'i.p.p. CC l. Ex. 124. w. an arrangement perhaps worked out before Carneiro's departure. maco 244. with leather bands made for these rings by the leather maker. pp. 21 July 1528). However. and superimpose this at the Avis court for her own political purposes.58 cm) or 45 inch- es. or the imperial court. l a epoca. and W. An dosjuntos tubieron dozientos e treynta e seis anas e dos quartas». the first cartoon ordered by Mary of Hungary's servant from the same. Who this painter may have been remains speculation. Antonio Palos and Ruy Mendes. 119-141. her objective was to manipulate. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . Mary for assistance and advice. serve basis. in order 62 A number of tapestry weavers. Catälogo de Tapices del Patrimonio Nacional. fol. set. doc. Whether Carneiro was successful in settling upon a price satisfactory to both the households of Catherine of Austria and John III: Cata- rina Lopez and her husband. or another 61 A uara is a Spanish measurement equal to approxi- painter. because. Another surviving document (a payment mandate) in Lisbon confirms M P. a center specialized in the production of heraldic tapestries. Pedro Lopes (IAN/TT. gent's order. Daniel was intense exchange. Mateos Gomez.nos. set of Romulus and Remus Catherine purchased almost twenty years earlier in Brüssels. More importantly.

inv. respectively. 575 cm. or someone close to her. Hcrrero Carretero is incorrect. from where they look down GG CAMPBELL. 357. and New York. Thomas Camp- Somzee. This proposition is tempting and provocative. survive today in the Patrimonio Nacional in Madrid. which they placed last. This vision of Rome's future supremacy is the central theme of the opening book of the Aeneid. 4. (note 59). As a quasi-divine an- cestor of the Romans..40. and the Cartoons have been attributed to a Flemish Romanist. 382 x 490 models. Brüssels. The fifth tapestry depicts the Trojan delegation appearing before queen Dido. who mis-identified great amount of wall space. Six panels illustrate Book I of the Aeneid and the last panel a passage from Book IV All have identical borders. 382 x 472 cm. rewarded with immortality. the storm subsides äs Aeneas Stands at the prow of his ship. while Juno above pleads with Aeolus for a tempest that will destroy the fleet69. have been directly influenced by the patron. coll. op. it understandable why Mary snapped them up before Carneiro's ar- rival. and in the late Middle Ages was often understood äs a prophecy of the coming of 2 Cornelis de Ronde. French & Co. (note 52). Until further documentation or letters can be found. association and ties with the imperial court in Flanders. op. 67 DELMARCEL and DUMORTIER. present bell reads the Aeneas tapestries äs a metaphor of the triumph of the Catholic Church under whereabouts unknown. Brüssels. Two panels bear the CR monogram of 3 Workshop of Corneiis de Ronde. TANNER. figures and cartouches with inscriptions similar to bor- ders of other tapestries attributed to De Ronde's atelier67. no. 369. 10005791. dt. no. Perino del Vaga's original conception and subject for Andrea Doria's tapestries derive from the first book of the Aeneid. In the Renaissance. 10022665. he was cherished äs the founder of a noble lineage. 385 x 489 cm. In this light. Junquera and C. who would battle). äs Catherine's direct involvement with the tapestries she bought in Brüssels in 71 Patrimonio Nacional. 100076057. 10005795.72 m. shows Jupiter sending Mercury to rebuke Aeneas for idling in Libya when 68 DELMARCEL. Brüssels. p. cm.. eil. comprising of strapwork.72 m. The third tapestry shows Aeneas landing at the coast of Libya. 390 x 1551 is still not clear. She equally proposes that digressions from Perino del Vaga's designs may 70 Patrimonio Nacional. where Haven. becoming the exemplar of a hero and later an exemplar of a Christian soldier. no. Cfr. 1993. Aeneas personified pietas. The sequence and reading provided by P. 100023448. Somzee. and New York. in which the hero is destined to found a kingdom in Italy and father a new line that would produce a Roman Caesar and a new empire governed by everlasting peace and law. and in the expectation of acquiring the Ae- neas cycle. inv. no. Cather- ine hoped to reconfirm her genealogical and political lies to the Habsburg house. no. Few patrons in Europe at this date owned palaces with enough space for such large and expensive hangings. crowned emperor in Bologna in 1530. French & Co. and 443 cm. tapestry panel. 1550-1570.40. Wool and silk. p. cit. by a patron who disapproved of nudity. (note 52). New future glory (figure 4)70. suggest- 72 Patrimonio Nacional. who loved his country and his family. this can only remain a hypotheti. 81. after all. Ex. Charles V66. De cm depending upon the individual panel). may have been the person responsible for this commission. no. op. his destiny called him to Italy and Rome (figure 6)74. tries. HEFFORD. The last panel. taken from Book IV. De fulfill the prophecy of a future Caesar. 1550-1570. tapestry panel. with its antique and Habsburg associations. ordered 71 Patrimonio Nacional. Catherine hoped to visualize her pow- er. A N N E M A R I E J O R D A N G S C H W E N D 99 . 395 x 443 who commissioned the Patrimonio Nacional Aeneas set must have resided in a palace with a cm. the subject of the first panel. The Last Descendant of Aeneas. Ex. inv. Vegetation. Bernice Davidson posits that the patron 69 Patrimonio Nacionai. She could not resist such a splendid set with such explicit Roman and Christian concepts. Catherine shared with Mary a cult of the emperor. supervised the execution of the cartoons De Ronde used äs 7:1 Patrimonio Nacional. The Habsburgs claimed their descent from Aeneas65. 10076060. who must have had some input with the cartoon designer and was responsible for these changes: äs in the draped Venus in Panel Two. h. 375 x ing that Catherine. Life of Ahab and his Workshop68. 3. inv. The tapestries thus make an allusion to Charles V. no. p. op. more space than Andrea Doria had for his original Aeneas tapes. (note 4). p. cit. c. proaching Italy. The Habsburgs and the Mythic Image of the Emperor. coll. cal Suggestion. that she. In the second. In the fourth Aeneas and Achates climb a hill. and inv. and the sixth represents the banquet of Dido and Aeneas73. The first tapestry of the set depicts Trojan ships ap. w. They are large. w. 54. he hunts for stags71. the Ismelite Kings (Third War Against Syria: Death of Ahab). inv. Above Jupiter promises Venus that her son's empire will be restored to him and she is reassured of Rome's 65 M. 10005698. upon the city of Carthage (figure 5)72. 386 x 390cm. Wool measuring 12 feet in height and in width approximately 12 3/4 to 16 feet (roughly 385 by 500 and silk. present whereabouts unknown. äs Aeneas's descendant. 3. inv. Life of Ahab and the Israelite Kings (Third War Against Syria: Ahab prepares for Christ. and with these tapestries. 4. Brüssels. The seven panels of Aeneas Mary of Hungary literally «stole» from Catherine and De Ronde's Workshop. c. h.

>'-/.'s . tapestry panel.43 m. w. Öi^-^^fe^'^i^ :'&M 5 Workshop of Cornelis de Ronde.75. c. Wool and silk.90.':•SÜÄBr*"''. .£i#j&''•. Wool and silk.. 1558). 4. 100 ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . Mary of Hungary (Cigales. Madrid. tapestry panel. Mary of Hungary (Cigales. . Madrid. Jupiter and Venus).-^: .75. Brüssels. Brüssels. h.I. Madrid. c. 10005795). Brüssels.75 m. w 5. . 1550-1552. coll. Patrimonio Nacional (inv. Aeneas (Panel Four: Aeneas and Achates view Carthage). 3.- 6 Workshop of Cornelis de Ronde. Patrimonio Nacional (inv. Ex. Mary of Hungary (Cigales.. h 3. h. 1550-1552. coll.43 m. coll. w. 4. . . Ex. 10005698). -:« i_. Aeneas (Panel Two: Aeneas prays for salvation. •.M!. 7'|i^T|! Patrimonio Nacional (inv. 1558). Aeneas (Panel Seven: Jupiter sends Mercury to rebuke Aeneas). c. 1558). tapestry panel. 4 Workshop of Cornelis de Ronde. < . Ex.^-" • 4^. Wool and silk. ^ yj?*. 1550-1552. 3. 10023448).

calculating the time needed for travel to and from Portugal...e . 76 A.» In any case. Maria of Portugal (1538-1577) to Alexander Farnese. . a few months before Carneiro must have arrived in Brüssels. 1985. in particular. Even though these may not correspond to the secretary's original request. Angelo Carrissmo. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND 101 . more often than not.. The complexities of maneuvering through the Brüssels tapestry market in the mid-six- teenth Century could not have been better described by a contemporary observer. and buyers. three years. Pires de Tavora reveals both his knowledge of and personal experience with the tapestry market in Brüssels in 1551. that he was in Antwerp until 21 May 1553 and must have departed from Flanders not long afterwards (appendix: document l. In this light. for the projected room or location in one's palace. . and complains of the same problems and complications. To avoid problems. äs he himself says: «dysto sey muito pela pratyca do tempo que estyve em frandes». dor at the Spanish court. \n Portuguese Royal Co/ieaions (1505-1580): A niece. His report and dossier for the queen was completed upon his return to Lisbon on June 29. both in function.. without the Cartoons (patroyns) commissioned in ad- vance. scribed tapestries displayed in one spacious hall: «rieh and fine panels with diverse ancient and pp. . «Portuguese Royal Residences (1495- An eyewitness. . was of the essence in buying the right set. who attended the wedding festivities of Catherine's 16W)». Washington. who probably left Lisbon in December 1551 and stayed in Brüssels until May 1552. evidently did not always get what they had ordered or bargained for. George Washington University. of the mechanics involved with Shopping for tapestries in Flanders. äs Mary of Hungary could offer. to accept the post of ambassa- and fetes. and in the public ones she used for entertainment in the Lis- bon royal palace (the fbfo da Ribeira)1&. 34).. Pires de Tavora promised the secretary he would do his best and search for diverse tapestries made in Brüssels and sold in Antwerp: «me deterey todo o en que posa ver toda a tapeqaria diversa formacoys da de bruqelas que he a que vay a enuers». . if not. p. In any case. Master Thesis. large-scale tapestries of diverse subject matter. We now from Carneiro himself.. A buyer must have patience.C. in January 1552 he presided at . «Everyone who has been to Flanders to shop for tapestries will say the same. An unpublished letter in the Lisbon archive may provide a small. The informative missive written by the Portuguese ambassador at the imperial court. he was sure there would be more tapestries to chose from. in August of 1551. .Jhn celebrated at Toro tailored to meet her needs. . decoration and iconography. !. in the Lisbon palace in 1565.. Insider help. it is possible to suggest that the arrangement of space in Catr m Catherine s quarters was Prjnj. Lourengo Pires de Tavora. FLEMISH TAPESTRIES IN THE PA£0 DA RIBEIRA Catherine of Austria's collection of mythological and religious tapestries hung together both in the private rooms she occupied. he would look out for and buy him suitable panels. discusses at length a chamber of tapestries the secretary was either negotiating for himself or for a royal patron. . because he was sure there were few buyers in Brüssels at this date. As a feminine space reserved only for public entertainment 75 pires de Tavora had returned to the Ibenan peninsu - la by December of 1551. Carneiro. but significant clue (ap- pendix: document 3). the decoration of this hall reflected the principles. Thus. had to settle for second best. Bibuogmphic and Documentary Suwey. objectives and aims of the queen. 6-46. Pero de Alcägova Carneiro. . the queen's hall. Tavora's letter dates from August 155l73. de.. to the royal secretary. built for her by John III after 1534. r • ^ u • . . 1552. Elite shop- pers. the Sala da Raynha. JORDAN. . it was safer to have models that conformed both to the size and subject matter (estoryas) of the tapestries. He explains in detail the difficulties of purchasing expensive. order his tapestries well in advance and wait at least two. like Catherine of Austria. It is possible that Pires de Tavora personally advised Catherine and her servant. It is not clear whether the letter could actually imply tapestries Catherine was trying to acquire in Flanders at this time. . the proxy wedding of Juana of Austria to Catherine's son. with the ideal story one want- ed. D.

while the Trojan myth of Aeneas Catherine hoped to porated into the Spanish royal collection. The 77 Archivio di Stato di Napoli. empha- tries. from the documents published below in the Appendix.. «Verändern padre y senor« (note 20). which replaced the Aeneas set. BERT™. which both the Habsburg and Avis 78 G. purchased from Lazarus Duquar. 1577]) symbolized the Habsburg victory over Islam79.. A. 79: royal houses promoted: Romulus and Remus emphasized the founding of a new empire and a «L'appartamento era ricchissimamente addobato di new Rome. and through the means of her kunstkammer. I should also like to thank Thomas P. dt. lineage. they were mainly marketed and sold in Antwerp. and the adjoining rooms nesiana fascio 262. international Sym- posium. Delmarcel's Identifica- tion of the merchant-weaver Cornelis de Ronde has allowed scholars of tapestry patronage to gain new insights into the commer- dalization of tapestries in Brüssels during the 1550s. This essay has profited immensely from years of exchange with Guy Delmarcel. dt. The series to Cornelis de Ronde and his workshop. 768-773: «andarono a discaual- care d'una parte del detto palazzo doue staua in una containing her guardaroba (wardrobe) and treasury of exotica and curiosities. such äs the hang in the Lisbon palace. the Conquest of Tunis (owned by Catherine's niece. described Catherine's hall in her apartments. whose own court was renowned for its magnifi- 81 Catherine bequeathed these to her lady-in-waiting. op. Delmarcel has pointed out elsewhere that while Renaissance tapestries were produced in Brüssels. while the Spheres (Terrestrial. «Ma Meilleur Soeur. and Spherical) imaged Catherine and John äs joint rulers of a celestial and terrestrial kingdom. (note 76). however many choice pieces (tapes. and no extant panels have. Cfr. op. I am indebted to Bernardo Garcia Garcia for the opportunity to publish these new findings on Cornelis de Ronde and his female patrons here. silver and silk»78. JORDAN. by John III) the control over nature and the seasons. 47-74. «Metaphors of Power and Rule: Flernish Tapestries in the Collections of Habsburg Queens and Princesses of Portugal in the Renaissance».» (note 20). op. dt. Camp- bell for his invitation to speak at the international Conference organized at the Metropolitan Museum of Art where many ideas for this present work were solidified.. New York. stressed the queen's involved in the concept and design of these Solornon tap- estries. The täte of Catherine's süperb tapestry collection after her death in of Susanna. pp. 114. See also A. who attended the same wedding. Far. (note 29). bought in Brüssels. Lastly.. äs yet. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . quired at the beginning of Catherine's reign) represented the dispensing of wise justice. and the Esther series. would have allegorically shown Catherine's ancient and Habsburg well-known Spheres tapestries. were political spatiosissirna e ricchissimamente ornata di finissimi and dynastic.» in Portuguese Royal. I am grateful for his insights and observations here and in other articies concerning Flernish tapestry collections at the Portuguese court in the Renaissance. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 6-8 June 2002 (unpublished paper). Le Nozze di Alessandro Farnese.. Feste alle corti di Lisbona e Bruxelles. motive behind Catherine's extensive decoration of the queen's hall.. äs «richly decorated with tapestries made of gold. Maria of Portugal [1521- tapezzaria d'oro. Her collection became a visible symbol of her political position and magnificence panni di diverse istorie antiche e moderne dal alro in sino al piano a! modo ehe punto del muro non si at the Lisbon court. it appears. Catherine was brought into uedeua». Archivio Farnesiano. in 1578. in Tapestry in the Renaissance: Art arid Magnificence. «Tapestries in Portuguese Royal Collections a global empire that stretched from Lisbon to Goa80. compared the prudent rulership of Catherine and John to that of the Old n. 1997. sized the history of the Israelite kings. panels from Catherine's early collection81. exotica and court portraits) were appropriated by Philip II after the conquest of Portugal in 1580 and incor. However. closer contact with other worlds separated from her by geographical distance. Parma. JORDAN. cence and luxury. today in the Patrimonio Nacional in Madrid. op. so that not one bit of the wall could be seen»77. and purity. 22. The Ahab set from De Ronde's workshop. been attribuled role äs intercessor for her people: a highly charged and potent image of queenship. Ana de Aragon. cc. di argento e di seta». Celestial 80 This commission discussed at length in JORDAN. dt. Francesco di Marchi. that royal and elite buyers often chose to buy directly from particular Workshops and dealers in Brüssels in Order to avoid competitive buyers from all over Europe and acquire the best on the market. the Months of the Years (commissioned 79 See JORDAN. Three panels of the History of Trojan (ac- (1495-1580). It is not known whether Catherine was personally Testament king. modern stories were hung along the walls from top to bottom. JORDAN. p. symbolized the triumph of female virtue 1578 in not clear.. Her tapestry col- lection advanced the concept of imperial and cosmic rule. I am grateful to Giuseppe Bertini for this refer- ence. p. ::. The Solomon cycle.

Appendix DOCUMENT l Instituto dos Arquiuos Nadonais l Tone do Tornbo (IAN/TT). 2 ha nosa senora 2.547. para esto contenido e gertidäo [?] 2. 4 Janeiro 1552 [text crossed out below] Da Rainha nosa senora sobre o credito dos 5. Lisbon Corpo Chronolögico l. maqo 87.547. [reais] pagos / a bento Roiz 83. 6 frandes por seu pedido dado para seus gemses [cambios?] e imteresses e [text crossed out below] seguros [cross] Senor Thesoureiro Mamday daar a ffrancisco carneiro que ora a Rainha nosa senora mamda a Cousas que vieron de framdes que trouxe francisco carneiro e que pagou framdes duzemtos cruzados pera sua despesa e asemtaio em vossos Roes bemto Roiz por letras que o dito francisco carneiro para eile passou para em almeirim a ix de Janeiro de 1552 annos hun credito que dele levara [Nun'Alvares Pereira p.175* rs. l nosa senora de que Ihe asinou hun alvara em quäl a poder os quaes cinquo Asignado da Rainha para Bento Roiz Ihe dar hun credito seu para [que] em mil cruzados me a de dar em framdes amtonio espimdola [Antonio Spinola.441. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND 103 .000 cruzados que Ihe dey para [cross] diguo eu francisco carrneiro que he verdade que Recebeu do Senor framdes bemto Roiz hun credito de cinquo mil cruzados por mandado da Rainha 5. que pagou a bemto Roiz mercador dos mercadorias que francisco carneiro trouxe de p.000 cruzados a Francisco Carneiro seu moco da camara Genovese merchant in Antwerp] agostim esteväo gentil [Agostino Stefano para certas couzas de seu Real servico Gentili. Pero fernandes o fez em Almeirim a 18* de dezembro tria's secretary] 1551 [signature of]: Raynha verbal 1552 [lower left]: per bento roiz 80. Flandes se darem 5.775* rs.000 cruzados " All figures marked with this symbol [*] are written in Roman numerals in the original manuscripts. 8 p. 34 (Portuguese and Italian) 18 December 1551. e per este meu asinado com äs letras e conhecimentos que ele la der outra parte conteuda em almeyrym a 9* de Janeiro de 1552 do dinheiro que Ihe foi emtrege volo mandarey qua pagar corn todos seus [Signatures of]: Francisco Carneiro Diogo martins [Catherine of Aus- cambios e Intereses. 18 folios (unfoliated) p. doc.720.000 cruzados pela Rain- p.775" rs. 5 l3'8marco26graos 1551 de francisco carneiro como rrecebeo o credito de 5. Genovese merchant in Antwerp] em almeirim a 18* de dezembro de 1551 [cross] Em 1553 [signature of]: Franciso Carneiro 2.000 p. 7 [cross] Bento Roiz Agradeccernos ey quererdes me dar hum credito Vosso [text crossed out below] por äse darem em framdes a francisco carneiro meu moco da camara atee Recebeo francisco carneiro rnogo da camara da Rainha nosa senora do the- cimquo mil cruzados para certas cousas do meu servico que Ihe la mando zoureiro alvaro lopez os duzentos cruzados conteudos nesta porterya desta fazer.000* reais a francisco carneyro [lower right (signature of)]: Nun'Alvares Pereira [Overseer of Catherine of 9 de Janeiro Austria's household] p. 3 p.

700* rs.240* rs. hemtos Reis.520* rs. camara [Left margin]: 2* pegas dolam coadrado [Right margin]: 18. olamdilha rrolada que custaräo huäs per outras a Rezäo de nove mil Reis ha vor de damasquo de flores gramdes que tem cimquoemta he quatro anas he pega ymteira em que momtou nestas quatro he mea trimta he hun mil quin- quoremta he gimquo que fazem novemta he nove anas a Rezäo de quatro.800* rs. E duas pegas dolam quadrado que custaräo a Rezäo de oito mil he quatro- E a huä pega de doze quartos lavor de pavia que tem quoremta he oito anas cemtos Reis a pega momta dezaseis mil oitocemtos rs. he custou a Rezäo de trezerntos he novemta Reis ana momta dozoito mil he [Left margin]: 2* pegas dolam coadrado setegemtos he vimta Reis [Right margin]: 16. camara [Right margin]: 31.190* rs. [Left rnargin]: camara [Right margin]: 18. p. camara [Right margin]: 21. [Total on this page. E huä pega e mea do dito olam quadrado que custaräo a Rezäo de sete mil e duzemtos Reis a pega imteira em que momta dez mil oitogemtos Reis Se compraräo de y° [Joäo] dimgas quatro pegas de toalhas a pagar per todo [Left margin]: l * pega mea dolam coadrado mes de Yunho que vem nas quaes ay alguäs pegas que säo partidas// huä [Right margin]: 10. [Right margin]: 7.000* rs.500* rs.500* rs.720* rs. cemtos he oitemta Reis ana momta quoremta he sete mil he quinhemtos he [Left margin]: olam e olamdilha 15* pecas em que contam äs 4* mais abai- vimte Reis xo [Left marginl: toalhas 4* pegas. Se comprou de yaques [Jacques] a pagar de comtado huä peca de toalhas E äs duas pegas de doze quartos lavor de veneza que tem quoremta he oito de doze quartos lavor de veneza que tem gimquoemta anas he custou a Re- he quoremta he nove anas que fazem novemta he sete anas he custaräo a zäo de duzemtos he gimquoemta Reis ana momta doze mil quinhemtos Rezäo de trezerntos he trimta Reis ana em que monta trimta he dous mil he Reis dez Reis [Left margin]: toalhas l * pega [Left margin]: camara [Right margin]: 12. pega de doze quartos lavor de veneza que tem quoremta he oito anas he custou a Rezäo de trezemtas he oitemta Reis ana momta dozoito mil he du. E huä pega cortada de doze quartos lavor de veneza que tem trimta he oito E seis pegas do dito olam quadrado que custaräo ha dous mil he gern Reis a anas e custou a Rezäo de duzemtos he dez Reis ana momta sete mil nove.010* rs. 10 Memoria do que custaräo has cousas que se compraräo em framdes para ha E a outra peca cortada de doze quartos lavor de pavia que tem vimte anas Rainha nosa senora que francisco carneiro leva comsiguo he custou a Rezäo de duzemtos he dez Reis ana momta quatro mil duzem- tos Reis primeramente se compraräo dadriam borlamaque tres pegas de toalhas a [Right margin]: 4. right margin]: 148.980* rs. E huä pega de toalhas de dezaseis quartos da estorea de caim que tem vim- zäo de quinhemtos he novemta Reis ana em que monta vinta quatro mil tasete anas que custou a Rezäo de oitogemtos Reis ana momta vimta hum gemto he novemta Reis mil seisgemtos Reis [Left margin]: toalhas 3* pegas. Se compraräo de gerar [gerard] baques quimze pegas dolamda que tem to- das setegemtos he oitemta he quatro anas he custaräo a Rezäo de gemto he vimtacimquo Reis ha ana huas per outras em que momta novemta he oito l 04 ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND .600* rs.800* rs. [Right margin]: 12. [Right margin]: 47. Se comprou de Luis carler a pagar em quimze do mes de novembro que Se compraräo de Euerarte de ovelar tres pegas de toalhas a pagar per todo vem quinze pegas dolam he olamdilha que custaräo// tres pecas he mea de mes de setembro que vem he custaram// duas pegas de dezaseis quartos la. pagar per todo rnes de Yunho primeiro que vem/7 huä pega fma de dezaseis quartos lavor de damasquo que tem quoremta he huä ana he custou a Re. pega em que momta doze mil setegemtos Reis gemtos he oitemta Reis [Left margin]: 6* pegas dolam coadrado [Left margin]: camara [Right margin]: 12. [Right margin]: 24. [Right margin]: 32. E duas pecas do dito olam quadrado que custaräo a Rezäo de seis mil Reis a zemtos he quoremta Reis peca em que momta doze mil Reis [Left margin]: toalhas 4* pecas.200* rs.660 rs.

hum bagio daguas mäos com seu gomil que custou quinhemtos he quoa- Se compraräo de francisca da cruz quimze pegas dolamda em que ouve se. 52 l /. ight margin]: 160*rs. / 27V./ 51'/. / 36 / 31 V.000 rs. 52/52 / 54/52/52V. dous saleiros que custaräo cemto he vimte Reis praräo he a outra ametade se Ihe a de pagar per todo mes de yunho que [Right margin]: 120* rs. 'ar ao de comtado he äs aneages säo has seguimtes: 35V. / 53V. right margin]: 353.180* rs.600* rs. / 26 / 29 / 43V2 / 28 / 35V. Je seis saleiros he vimtaquatro telhores de servir que tudo pesou sesemta he tmquo livras he custou a Rezäo de quoaremta Reis a livra em que momtou Se pagou pelo feito em dinheiro de comtado ao ourivez [Christoffel Radnec- jous mil he seisgemtos Reis ker?] da Rainha domgria [Mary of Hungary] aquem ela mandou fazer hos Right margin]: 2. / [Total on this page. oito cofres platas de dezanove ferros adamascados que custaräo a Rezäo de dous mil duzemtos oitemta Reis a pega em que momtou dezoito mil he du- Se compraräo de derique van der mauruen [Derrick van der Mauren] deza. 12 [Right margin]: 98./52/52/51/51 1 / 2 /52/51/54 1 / 2 /51 [Left margin]: 15* pegas dolamda Se compraräo de y° [Joäo] embres [Embres] cofreiro vimtaquatro cofres// [Rightmargin]: 74. / 30 / 32 / 23 / 33 / 34 / 32V2 / 20 / 34'/2 / 26V2 / 35 / 17 / 34V. vem he äs aneages das olamdas säo äs seguimtes: 52 anas / 52 V2 / 52 / 52V.000* rs. zemtos he quoremta Reis seis pecas de lemgos de barbamtem em que emträo alguäs que näo säo [Left margin]: 24* cofres ymteiras que tem todas oitogemtos quoremta anas he custaräo a Rezäo de [Right margin]: 18. / 62V2 / 53 / 53V. Laurence] estanheiro ho estanho aba- em quinze do mes dagosto que vem to decrarado a dinheiro de comtado// vimte bagios destanho de toda asorte [Right margin]: 217.000* rs. remta Reis tecemtas he oitemta he huä ana e mea que custaräo a Rezäo de novemta he [Right margin]: 540* rs. / 29 / 44'/2 / 31 / 27 / pessäo hos seis acafates que se fezeram oitemta marquos duas omgas e de- 39V. / 25V.240* rs. [Left margin]: 16* pecas de barbamtes [Right margin]: 46. Seis escudelas que custaräo duzemtos he quoaremta Reis [Total on this page. ditos seis acafates a Rezäo de mil he cem Reis por cada marquo posto que er hum pichel de mea canada e outro de hun quartilho que custaräo tre. [Right margin]: 240* rs. custaräo a Rezäo de dous mil he setegentos he sesemta Reis ho marquo em que momtou duzemtos he dezasete mil he cemto he oitemta Reis a pagar je comprou de Louremco [Lourengo. [Left margin]: 15* pegas dolamda p. Ihe Julgaräo hos mestres do oficio A mil he duzemtos Reis por marco Visto pmtos Reis ha deligemgia que pos em nos fazer he ofegiais que para isto tomou em que tight margin]: 300* rs./5l / 53 / 52 /52V. / 42V. right margin]: 220. cimquo Reis ana em que momtou setemta he quatro mil he duzemtos e quoremta e dous Reis a pagar todos em quimze do mes dagosto que vem e quatro castigäes que custaräo quatrocemtos he oitemta Reis äs aneages das olamdas säo äs seguimtes: 52 / SO1// 521// 52 / 54'/2 / 52 V2 / [Right margin]: 480* rs. gimquoemta he gimquo Reis ana hus per outros em que momta quoremta he seis mil he duzemtos Reis a pagar per todo do mes de yunho que vem e E quatro cofres da mesma grandor dos da gima e doutros lavores que custa- äs aneages säo has seguimtes: 62 / 54V.560 rs. / 43 / 30V.242* rs. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND l 05 ./41/53V 2 /30/41/54V 2 /58 [Right margin]: 8. right margin]: 197.000* rs./ 52V.800* rs. merchant-dealer] de ley de omze dinheiros he dozoito gräos que fa- Left margin]: 38* pecas de Ruam de cofre zem de fino setemta e oito marquos oyto dinheiros he cimquo grossos que Right margin]: 73. / 62V2 / 471/. pr duas vinagreiras que custaräo gemto he sesemta Reis [Total on this page.880* rs. momtou oitemta he oito mil Reis [Right margin]: 88. / 26 / zoito esterlis de prata/ hos quaes se comparäo de Lazaro duquar [Lazarus 29 / 29/43 Duquar.mil Reis de que ametade se Ihe pagou no mes de margo quamdo lhas com. / räo a Rezäo de dous mil Reis a pega em que momta oito mil Reis 52/61 . / 29 / 44V. E os doze cofres tumbados de treze ferros de lavores de damasquo que cus- taräo a Rezäo de mil setegemtos quoaremta Reis a pega em que momtou Se comprou de gaspar roiz trimta he oito pecas de Ruam de cofre que tem vimte mil oitogemtos he oitemta Reis he tudo se pagou de comtado ao dito todas mil he duzemtas he trimta anas e custaräo a Rezäo de sesemta Reis cofreiro ana em que momtou setemta he tres mil oitogemtos Reis hos quaes se pa- [Right margin]: 20.422 rs.200* rs.

right margin]: 110. 15 hum pano de trimta he cjmquo anas 35 anas fazer hos Reposteiros ho quäl fez muito gramde pelo que foi negessario tres panos de trimta anas cada hum 90 anas mandar fazer outro que francisco carneiro pagou que vay por outra partida dous panos de vimtagimquo anas cada hum 50 anas aparte he os dous mil he setecemtos he oitemta Reis pagou pelas costodeas hum pano de vimta anas 20 anas em que väo has agafates metidos que tudo yumtamente fazem hos ditos huä porta de doze anas 12 anas nove mill e quatrogemtos rs.285 rs. 14 mais pagou francisco carneiro a hun pimtor por hurn paträo que fez na me- Se comprou outra camara de tapegaria da Estoria de Salamäo [History ofSo. anas gemtos he vimte Reis [Right margin]: 720* rs. [Total on this page. E hum pano de quoremta anas 40 anas E huä porta de oito anas e 3/4 83/4 anas mais seis tochas que custaräo ha gemto vimte Reis a tocha que fazem sete- [Total] 3033/.p. Hungary] nove mil quatrocemtos Reis que deu por comta a verdades peso radas que tem todos duzemtas he oitemta he sete anas he custou a Rezäo nas cousas abaxo decraradas// dous mil gemto vimte Reis que pagou aos de novegemtos he trimta Reis ana em que momtou duzemtos sesemta he obreiros que fezeräo em verga a mostra pera se fazerem hos agafates de pra- seis mil novegemtos he dez Reis a pagar// hum quarto da dita Somma em ta e a hum omem que levou ha prata para eles demves [Antwerp] a bruge- quimze de Junho he houtro quarto em quimze de setembro he outro quarto las [Brüssels] em quimze de dezembro he ho outro quarto em quimze de margo do ano que vem de 1553 E quatro mil quinhemtos Reis que pagou a hum pimtor [unnamed painter in [Left margin]: 11* panos e l* porta/ 287 anas Brüssels: Michiel Coxie?] por fazer hum padräo para por ele se mandarem [Right margin]: 266.660 rs. ametade em dez dagosto he aoutra ametade em dez de de novembro [Left margin]: 9* panos/ 180 anas mais se pagou pelo carreto das agafates de prata he do camdieiro de latäo [Right margin]: 108.400*rs.000* rs. right margin]: 540. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND .200*rs. [Total on this page. dous panos de quoremta anas cada hum que fazem 80 anas p. hum pano de doze anas 12 anas mara de tapegaria da estorea da Rainha ester [History of Esther] em que ha tres panos de vimte anas cada hum 60 anas omze panos he huä porta todas de gimquo anas daltura he das lomguras hum pano de vimtoito anas 28 anas abaxo decraradas em que ha trezemtas he tres anas 3/4 he custou a Rezäo dous panos de vimtaquatro anas cada hum 48 anas de novegemtos Reis ana em que momtou duzemtos setemta he tres mil he [Total] 180 anas trezemtos he setemta he cimquo Reis ha pagar// ametade em quinze dias do mes dagosto primeiro que vem he a outra ametade per fim de fevereiro do Se compraräo dez pedras de linho [linen to pack and transport the above ta- ano que vem de 1553 pestries] de seis livras ha pedra por que näo säo qua de mais e custaräo a [Left margin]: 11* panos l * porta / 3033/4 anas Rezäo de gemto quoremta Reis a pedra em que momtou mil he quatrogem- [Right margin]: 273. p. Se comprou de corneles do Romde [Cornelis de Ronde] huä camara de ta- pecaria da Estorea del Rey acab [History ofKingAhab] em que ha nove pa.400* rs.375* rs. Se pagaräo a contralor [Regent's controlleur] da Rainha domgria [Mary of nos e huä porta todos de gimquo anas daltura e das lomguras abaxo decra.800* rs. de brugelas a esta Vila demves [Antwerp] mil he duzemtos Reis [Right margin]: 1. [Right margin]: 9. 13 dous panos de dezaseis anas cada hum 32 anas Se comprou de Lazaro duquar [Lazarus Duquar.910* rs. [Total] 287 anas [Left margin]: costodyas / 2. tos Reis pagar de comtado [Right margin]: 1. E sam tres panos de vimte anas cada hum fazem 60 anas E quatro panos de vimtecimquo anas cada hum fazem 100 anas mais tres Rodas de fiar que custaräo ha gemto he oitemta Reis a Roda que E dous panos de trimta anas cada hum que fazem 60 anas fazem quinhemtos he quoremta Reis E hum pano de trimta he gimquo anas 35 anas [Right margin]: 540* rs. merchant-dealerj hua ca.780 rs. sura gerta pera por ele se mandar fazer hos Reposteiros por que ho que lomon] em que ha nove panos todos de quatro anas daltura e das lomguras mandou fazer ho criado da Rainha domgria [Mary of Hungary] saio muito abaxo decraradas em que ha gemto he oitemta anas que custaräo a Rezäo gramde he fora da mesura de que aviam de ser dous mil oito gemtos Reis de seisgemtos Reis ana em que momtou gemto he oito mil Reis a pagar [Right margin]: 2.

110* rs.940* rs. em quimze de novembro. jado prego do que amdava na praga pelo dinheiro que nele se meteo que los os 468. 203. em quimze de hemtos he gimquo Reis como tambem se vera pelas partidas da dita comta marco do dito ano de 1553. cruzados dozoito soldos de cruzado de que ho dito francisco carneiro tam- to e vimte mil rs. niculao ca- do mes de setembro. por todo o dito mes de setembro.600* rs. 137. por todo o dito mes de Junho.420* rs. em quimze dias do tras sobre bemto Roiz pera por elas pagar na dita feira de maio dous mil he mes de Junho primeiro que vem. captain] que trazia por memoria leva has duas he em lugar da de Eneas [History of mlcl [mestre ] da nao para ha em levar e aparelhar por que ho mais que nis. 136.795* rs.340 rs. 66.728* rs. que ho dito francisco carneiro leva e asy hos tempos em que se pagaräo he [Total on this page. cimquo mil trezemtos he vimtedous Reis como tudo vay decrarado no Rol [Right margin]: 9. novembro he dezembro presente ano de mill quinhemtos cimquoemta e dous. os 66.700* tanho [Nicolao Cattaneo] he agemlo de marim [Angelo di Marin] e do din- rs. 66. 17 empacaräo hos cofres/ e dous mil setegemtos trimta Reis por seis pecas de Senora canavaco groso com que väo forrados hos ditos cofres/ e mil he trezemtos trimta Reis por gemto e vimtasete livras de corda coni que väo liados/ e mil [Right margin]: carta que trouxo francisco carneiro do amtonio palos que duzemtos he oitemta Reis pela empacacäo dos cofres e pelos levarem ate em framdes Ihe ajudou a fazer o negocio por mandado da Rainha nosa se- ho caez e quatrogemtos Reis por acarreto dos cofres de casa do cofreiro a nora cassa e acarreto doutras cousas e mil he duzemtos Reis pelos dous custu- mes que se pagaräo do dito fato e mil cemto quoremta Reis pelo frete da por framcisquo carneiro sabera Vossa alteza particularmente ho que qua se charrua que hos levou ate gelamda [Zeeland] abordo da nao/ e os seiscem. que se tomaram a cambio athe esta feira de pascoa pera bem pasou suas letras sobre bemto Roiz apagar na dita feira doutubro a y° ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND l 07 . setembro. zäo de sesemta he hum grossos por cruzado no quäl cambio se fez avamta- cemtos e vimte e dous Reaes dos quaes pagaram Ruy mendez e amtonio pa. setegemtos sesenta he dous cruzados he meo com gimquo al milhar do 482. em soma oitogemtos quoremta he dous mil he quinhemtos he gimquoemta rece por las coremta e duas adicöes escritas nesta comta em que houtra a he tres Reis que se cambiaräo pera a primeira feira de maio de castela a Re- acima do custo dos seguro hum comto setegemtos sesemta e hum mill sete. se comtaräo pera ha feira doutubro de castela a Rezäo de sesemta he hum grosso por cruzado em que momtou dous mil seisgemtos oitemta he seis mais tres livras por tres mill e seiscemtos rs que custou ho Imterese de gem.727* rs. ram de comtado desembolsaram Ruy mendez e amtonio palos athe gora giem [Enghien] pelos pratöes se Ihe deu dous cruzados que faz tudo quatro que os cobraram de agostinho gemtil mil reis [Right margin]: 3.000* rs [Left below (signature of)]: Antonio Palos [Right below (signature of)]: Ruy Mendez mais se pagaräo pelas despessas abaxo decraradas nove mil novecemtos quoremta Reis// mil he duzemtos Reis por dez duzias desteiras com que se p. Aeneas] que era vemdida leva outra da Estorea del Rey acab [History of so gastou pagou a outra mercadoria KingAhab]/ nas ditas tres camaras de tapegaria he nas coussas que mais se [Left margin]: Valse athe quy o precjo e compras de rnercadorias: compraram se despemderäo hum comto setegemtos he cimquoemta he 1. corremdo que he ho decimo do que custou tudo com ho dito seguro por que asy he a ley da terra p. em quimze dias cambio ay° [Joäo] Jacome espimdola [Gian Giacome Spinola].655* rs.727* rs. 18 [Rightmargin]: 163. fez na compra das coussas que veio buscar/ E das tres camaras de tapegaria tos sesemta Reis que se deräo ha Amtonio afonso [Antonio Afonso.em quimze de dezembro tudo deste heiro que vinha a pagar no mes dagosto. que se paga- dano que nisso ouveräo oito cruzados e por yr hun homem desta Vila a em. right margin]: 27.927* rs.687* rs.728* rs. se aviam de pagar has ditas coussas he no que por elas se pagou de comta- do que foram quatrogemtos setemta he dous mil he duzemtos he cim- p. [Right margin]: 4. 66. em dinheiro de comtado e pelo Resto fiquaram äs pesoas vinha ha pagar no mes de yunho he pasou o dito francisco carneiro suas le- de quem se compraram pera Ihos pagarem: 66. 16 quoemta he cimquo Reis em que enträo hos tres mil he seisgemtos Reis que mais se pagaräo pelo seguro do hum quomto quinhemtos he novemta he se pagaräo de ymteresse de cemto he vimte mil Reis que se tomaräo pera oito mil Reis que le fezeräo asigurar sobre esta emcomenda a Rezäo de dez seyrem pagamdo has meudessas he asy ho que custou ho seguro que se fez hum quatro por cemto de que ho quarto se pagou ao corretor pelo fazer como na dita comta se decrara ha quäl partida se ajumtou mais hos duzem- cemto he sesemta he tres mil setecemtos novemta he cimquo Reis e o custo tos setemta mil he gemto he quoremta he oito Reis que vinhäo a pagar do seguro fica Sua A. no mes de yunho que vem e asy gern mil he gemto he gimquoemta Reis que francisco carneiro tomou pera sua despessa que tudo yumtamente fazem Somam nas cousas que se compraram pera A Rainha nosa senora como pa.240* rs.597. em fim que vem deste ano que em soma fazem oitogemtos dezanove mil he quin- do mes de fevereiro do ano que vem de 1553.Se pagou aos oficaes que tinhäo comecado hos cimquoemta Reposteiros pagarem äs meudemcias por que o mais pera comprimento dos quatrogem- que ha Rainha domgria [Mary of Hungary] näo quis que se fezesem pelo tos sesemta e oyto mill Reis gemtos cimquoemta e gimquo rs. en quimze dias do mes de agosto.

014 Despesas [Right below (signature of)]: Antonio Palos Dos quaes tomey hum homem que fosse a corte de ffranga que estava em paris com ho nome da naao do mestre e pilloto [Antonio Afonso] em que p.865. 19 todos credito em que dezia que ao ar que desem ao dito francisco carneiro Ihe fe. pagara vosa merce por esta primeira de cambio nos pagamentos da feira de sem por comta de V. agostinho esteväo gentil [Agostino Stefano Gentili] e ponhaos por comta da rainha nossa senora se pom com p.014 mais 80.000 mais 25. A. A. 22 cemtos quatorze Reis se devia para fim de fevereiro he quimze de marco do Magnifico d[omi]no. com o Roll de tudo ho que avia de trazer Antonio Paallez e custou ho caminho que ban setenta legoas trinta cruzados A Rainha nossa senora [Right margin]: 30 cruzados l 08 ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . [Signature of]: Francisco carneiro zesem pasar letras pera has feiras de castela de maniera que com ho trabal- ho que niso fez näo pode mais acabar que hos duzemtos tres mil he quatro. [Joäo] Jacome [Gian Giacome Spinola] he aos outros com hos gimquo al o dinheiro mais no asentado [?] manuel caldeira enbio e athe [illegible milhar de cambio he posto que ho prego do cambio pera ho tempo foi acas word] do vto. 20 avia de vyr esta ffazenda de SS. 23 gimquo mil trezemtos he vimtadous Reis que momtou no emprego das [cross[ coussas Restam hos cem mil gemto he gimquoemta Reis que francisco car. comta das despesas que francisco carneiro fez na yda e vinda de framdes neiro tomou pera suas despessas de que a de dar comta como tudo se vera com sua pessoa pela comta que leva como diguo e por que demais ele dara larga Relagäo a V. zados gou em framdes de 39.7621/.827 maravedis/ esta letra foy pagado nuno alvares e näo fez por ne- huä conta da Rainha nosa senora e se descarregou na conta de bemto Roiz Mais me deran desde este dias do mes de ffevereiro que cheguey a ernveres 1. [illegible word] ofigio de parte avamtajado todavia francisco carneiro näo quisera fazer mais que deixar hum conceito em que confessava Receber hos sobreditos oitogemtos deza. bemto Roiz em sua ausencia a ioam Jacome espimdo- anno que vem se näo tomasem agora a cambio he deu sua obrigagäo deles la e companhia com poder para que nos tempos hos tomassem a cambio pera castela por em medina del campo quomta de V A.000* quando partio cruzados 0517. A Rainha nosa senora me mandou a 10* de Janeiro de 1552. näo nos mandamdo pagar per outra via asi que yumtas äs [Left rnargin]: [cross] 1552 a 23 de settembre / somos contentos en feria de duas partidas de que passou letras de gimquo mil quatrogemtos quoremta Medina/ [signature of]: Juan Jacome Spinola.472 [Antwerp] ate 22* de maio que nelle estive duzentos gimquoenta e hum 2. polla posta a gemte como deseja demves [Antwerp] Aos vimtagimquo de maio de 1552 ffrandes e polla corte do principe de castela e polla corte del Rey de ffranga que estava em fontenibleo [Fontainebleau] omde estuve 16* dias esperando [text below crossed out] pollo pasaporte e pera ho caminho da posta me mandou dar duzentos cru- Carregäo mais senor francisco carneiro huä letra que da bemto Roiz que pa. p. p. pera espanha comforme aos precps que am tarn maio primeiro a Joam Jacome espimdola [Gian Giacome Spinola].800* rs.000* ao milhar que mon. he nove cruzados oito soldos de cruzado com hos duzemtos he tres mil qua. [Total on this page]: 451 cruzados 0080.000* cruzados e '/. 21 nove mil he quinhemtos he gimquo Reis hos quaes se qua avia de pagar aos Jh[es]us ern emveres [Amberes] a 21* de maio de 1552: 2. [Left margin. [Right margin]: 200 cruzados tou 14.383.* cruzados tempos em que se devia para que asi como hos fossem pagamdo hos toma. niculao amdasem hos ditos dinheiros e posto quele nisso trabalhou quando nele foy catanho [Nicolao Cattaneo] e a amgelo de marim [Angelo di Marin] dous he eu ho ajudei no que pude todavia näo podemos acabar com hos sobre mill e setegemtos e sesemta e dous cruzados e meo douro ou sua Justa valia que vinha ho credito pera Ihe darem ho dinheiro he se escussaväo com ho fora de cambio ou nele com gimco al milhar pola valor aquy regebida de tenor do dito amtonio espimdola [Antonio Spinola]. written face down]: [cross] aceito que apagarey no tempo / en trogemtos he quatorze Reis que aymda qua ficäo ha pagar fazem em soma Medina a 12 de Julho 1552 / [signature of]: Bento Roys hun comto oitogemtos he sessemta he gimquo mil quatrogemtos he setem- ta he dous Reis dos quaes abatidos o hum comto setegemtos he sesemta he p.408. com 5. AA. ho näo fago eu/ Noso Senor vida he Real Estado de Vosa Alteza acre.000* do freie e dez que ficou devendo a Ruy mendez [Right margin]: 251cruzados 5.000 em despessas com os falcöes 2.

[Total on this page]: 152V.775 rs. m. cruzados a francisco quarneiro moso da quamara p. 30 rs. bem que se levarem em quonta a francisco carneiro todas estas despesas [signature of]: Bento Roiz deste Rol/ pela dita maniera/ e todo o que montar na custa e despesas de toda esta fazemda que vejo de framdes ate se entregar na Recamara ha de p. 29 fazer pelo thesoureiro que ha de pagar a bento Roiz e arregadar äs letras e Contadores mando vos o que levareis em conta a alvaro lopez meu thesou- escrituras em forma corno no mandado se declararam/ reiro dous contos e quinhentos e coarenta e seis mil e setegentos e setenta [Rightmargin]: 80. cruzados de estar en ista dyta feira detrimine de Ihe escrever esta para que os mande poner a dita quanthia com a provisäo para que äs letras dos ditos gentis destas despesas de todo este Rol de francisco carneiro väo Jaa atras na [Gentili] näo padegäo poder que v.800 rs que Rui mendez pagou a minha p. galinha e scte carneiros que custaron symquo cruzados soma nas a francisco carneyro aves/ sete mil rs.800 rs. Agostino estefano gentis [Agostino Stefano Gentili] denves [Antwerp] me sa- werp] e hum moco que nie servia com comer vestir e calgar que barn os cao por comta de v. que pagey logo ao mestre e senhorio da nao Saotiaguo em os tapiceiros para ffazer os Reposteiros mais baratos que poder ser/ e custa. m. que vieräo vimte e quatro cofres de sua alteza e vimte falcois e cotes 25. e do comta dos ffallcondtos./ e os oytenta mil rs.800* rs. cinco rs. Senor E nos quatro meses que estive em brugelas [Brüssels] e em emveres [Ant. S. carne e mezinhas paras aves per ahomaar/ e comer da terra 37 cruzados [cross] [Right margin]: 54V.800* räo os dous caminhos que bam 18* legoas vinte cruzados rs. que fran. 26 Mais gastey com 22* ffalcoees e tres cagadores 19* dias que esteveram antes Verbal 1552 do partir com 140 pombos que custaram a dez rs. Remeter para comprir a dita letra Re- quonta das letras leväo que em quonta a bento roiz os cem mil rs. biscouto. que recebeo para caminho se häo de levar em quon. serveja. m. por dias de v. [2. 28 partida Ihe fican devendo que depois mandou ao senor don nuno alvarez [cross] [Nuno Alvarez Pereira]/ a senor francisco carneiro en medina a 21 de abrill 1552 isto sera devida para se pagar a Ruy mendez [Right margin]: 5. m.ffuy con ho contralor [Regent's Controllern] da Rainha Regente [Mary of verdade que Recebeo do senor Alvaro Lopez thesoureiro vimte e cymco myll Hungary] a ordinarda [Oudenaarde] duas vezes por su mandado ffalar com e oytocemtos rs.800* rs.] que se momtäo na compra e despesas e imteresses de dinheiro da tapegaria olandas cofres e outras cousas que mandei vir de p. A. de medina ta ao thesoureiro alvaro lopez que Ihes deu e a Rainha nosa senora outra por a servigo de v. pombo e 120 galinhas a 25.546. metera v. A mi senor francisco carneiro en Lisbona tio com quatro carneiros que se despois mais tomaräo por senäo sobre o tempo que aviam dandar no maar 5. m. [Right margin]: 78# p. 27 Das algandaras que se fezeräo na naao e do pano para ellas e madeira e ffei. Alteza os viräo oitocentos rs. 716 cruzados 14 sueldos com salir para feira de vilha- gastos muito differentes de caa/ e a posta läo como manuel caldeira Ihe dira laa a quem o escrevo e por que en näo ey [Left margin]: 268V. vinho.000* rs. rine of Austria] que ey de fazer que rogo a N. a meu filho fernäo Roiz porque ele fica ali em meu lugar e do cisco carneiro despendeo em framdes digo seis mil e cemto e cinquoenta que disto detreminar me mande avisar com deligemcja para Rainha [Cathe- rs. por mandado do senor nuno alvarez [Nuno Alvarez Pereira] e por que [Right margin]: 20 cruzados pasa na verdadde Ihe dey este por mi formado e asinado aos 29* de Junho de 1552anos ffuy de brugelas [Brüssels] a emveres [Antwerp] 13* vezes polla posta pera [Signatura of]: Francisco carneiro mais brevidade como S. 25 frandes por francisco carneiro meu moco da carnara o anno passado de mil [text crossed out below] e quinhentos e cimquoenta e dous contheudas nas quatro folhas atras escri- [cross] tas asinadas por antonio palos e Ruy mendez e que ha quarenta e tres adigö- Diguo eu francisco carneiro moco da camara da rainha nosa senora que he es: hum conto e setegentos e sesenta e gimquo mil e trezemtos e vimte e ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND l 09 . mandou polla presa que levava allynas com an- tonio palos e com Ruy mendez seis cruzados para caminho de hir e vir que a dez homens da mär polla que trouxeräo os cofres ao pago [the Lisbon ro- bam 78 cruzados yal palace: Paco da Ribeira] levaräo onde S. cruzados 25.

[203. 30 cimquoenta e tres duzemtos e tres mil rs.500 rs. e onze panos e huä guar- sado que momtou hum conto e cento e dez mil e quinhentos e trimta e cin. e do que saio por cemto de despesas e Imteresses de modo que se posa sa- vareis em conta ao dito tesoureiro com a minha provisäo para omde bento ber todo o que cada huä das ditas cousas custou e o dito conhecimento em Roiz pasou a credito que levou francisco carneiro para a antonio espindola fforma sera com certidäo de como fiquäo feitas todas äs ditas declaragöes [Antonio Spinola] e agostinho gentil [Agostino Gentili] Ihe darem o dito din. feitio e custos dos Imtereses e despesas que tem. os meio [2. e omze pegas e mea da desta provisam atras escrita se decraram sem dizer o em que se despemde- olao quadrado conteudas em quatro Itens da dita primeira folha.190.] de modo que va.000 rs. custou ao primeiro dinheiro lem dozentos e cimquoemta mil e quinhentos rs.150 rs. e do estanho e outras meudezas conteudas rs. [203. Posto que atras neste mandado diz que se carregou em Receita sobre dona [80. [203. [2.] que a dito francisco carneiro pecas dolanda conteudas no primeiro Iten da segunda folha.175 rs.000 rs.322 rs. gunda folha. [25. tem e quantas varas e contados da medida portuguesa säo e o prego que resse deles quarenta e sete mil e quinhentos rs.dous rs.762'/2 cruzadosj que tomou a Rezäo de sesenta e hum soldos por quais agafates seräo carregados em Receita com declaracäo do peso e lei e cruzado com cimco ao milhar feita a vimte e hum de maio do dito anno pas.] que le.140 rs. e quinze ey por bem que os duzemtos e tres myll rs.] que o qoatro itens da primeira folha porque äs ditas honze pegas e meas seram dito francisco carneiro Recebeo do dito tesoureiro para pagar o freie ao dos quinze pegas dolam e olamdilha que se declaram loguo antes dos ditos mestre do navio Santiago que trouxe a dita mercadoria e oito centos rs que coatro itens se näo carregaräo mais que äs ditas quinze pegas com äs decla- o dito tesoureiro despendeo no desembarquar e carreto ate se meter no ragöes contheudas no ditos quoatro itens e no dito item logo atras dellos paco [the Paco da Ribeira palace] e todos os ditos dinheiros levareis em mais chegado que todos os cinquo itens seräo äs ditas quinze pegas como conta com mais äs ditas quatro folhas de conta e carta de antonio palos que por elles paregem em lixboa a 25* dias de dabril aleixo de moraes o fez de escreveo de framdes atras conteudas em conhecimento em forma de dona 1553 megia dandrade [Megia de Andrade] minha camareira feita pelo escriväo de [signature of]: Raynha sua carguo em que declare que Ihes säo carregadas em receita äs cousas se- guimtes: äs omze pegas de toalhas conteudas nos nove primeiros Itens da primeira folha das ditas quatro folhas de conta que veio de fraudes.] que despendeo francisco carneiro nas postas e ern suas despe. nas ditas quatro folhas näo a da ver Receita nem outro nehum conhecimen- des accreditados por o dito bemto Roiz do que a de vir letra dagostinho gen. [100.535 rs. [1. e vimte e quatro cofres conteudos em tres Itens da dita segun- co carneiro pasou duas letras por credito que levou de bento Roiz pera äs da folha. megia [de Andrade] honze pegas e mea dolam coadrado contheudas em sas a yda para framdes e vimte cinqo mil e oito centos rs.110.472 rs.500 rs. dous contos e quatro cen- tos e quarenta e hum mil ecemto e setenta e cinqo rs. [47. nas ditas Receitas e nelas fiquäo postas verbas domde a dita fazemda veio e heiro e com äs duas letras que o dito francisco carneiro pasou de frandes como foi pagua pela dita maniera pelo dito thesoureiro e soma tudo o que para o dito bento Roiz em castela hasta comprir e com o conhecjmento que por estas contas se a de levar em despesa ao dito thesoureiro os ditos dous o dito francisco carneiro deixou em framdes aos ditos antonio espindola contos e quinhentos e quarenta e sete mil e setecemtos e setenta e cimqo rs [Antonio Spinola] e agostinho gentil [Agostino Gentili] dos ditos como pareger por esta provisäo e comtas e folhas atras escritas ffeita em lix- boa a vimte e cimqo dabril bastiäo da fonsequa o fiz de mil e quinhentos e p. to por que se despemderäo como eu ouve por meu servico. e quinze räo e os Imteresses delies se levem em quonta a alvaro lopez sem embarguo ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . [1. [2. e nas Receitas til [Agostino Gentili] e sua companhia para äs ditas feiras de castilla sobre o de todas äs ditas cousas em cada huä dellas se fara declaragäo das anas que dito bemto Roiz pollos quais se fez congeito com eile que ouviese de Inte.765. e quinze cem mil e cento e cinquenta rs.000 rs.] ou com äs letras que do dito dinheiro Aleixo de Moraes o fez escrever pasarem e com conhegimentos do dito bento Roiz de como foi paguo ao [signature of]: Raynha dito thesoureiro toda a dita comtia de dous contos e quatro centos e quaren- ta e hum mil e cento e setenta e gimquo rs. [1.175 rs.675 em que ha gemto e oitenta anas.] que äs ditas cousas custaräo ao primeiro dinheiro e pegas dolanda conteudas no derradeira Iten da dita primeira folha.] que se fiquaräo a dever em fram.080. ha trezemtos e tres anas e tres quartos conteudas na primeiro Iten da tercei- dos [2. e os seis agafates de prata conteudos nos derradeiros dous Itens da feiras de castela// huä de dous mil e setegentos e sesenta e dous cruzados e dita segunda folha com äs caixas forradas de couro em que vem metidas. [2. e dezaseis pe- despendio em framdes e suas despesas e outras fora da dita compra que fa. daporta de tapegaria da estoria da Rainha Ester [History of Esther] em que qo rs. zem Juntamente hum conto e oito centos e sesemta e cinco mil e quatro e trynta e oito pegas de Ruäo de cofre conteudos no terceiro Iten da dita se- centos e setenta e dous rs.800 rs.686 cruzados] e dezoito soldos de cruzado que tomou a dita Rezäo ra folha e nove panos e huä guardaporta de tapegaria da estoria del Rey de sesenta e hum soldos a pagar em outubro que momtou hum conto e oi.] que fazem Juntamente dous tros nove panos de tapegaria da estoria de salomäo [History of Solomon] contos e cento e noventa mil e seiscentos e setemta e cinqo rs.] e outra de dous mil e seis centos e oitenta e seis cruza.000 rs. [1.441.] e dozentos e tres mil rs. acab [History ofKingAhab] em que ha dozentas e oitenta e sete anas.865.] e soma tudo Juntamente o que faz por comta de bemto Roiz. [250. gas de lengos de barbante conteudos no segundo Iten da dita segunda folha.] e oitenta mil rs.441. e ou- tenta mil e cento e quarenta rs.[ que na destinaram pegas dolam e olamdilha aos dez Itens da dita folha.] dos quaes dinheiros o dito francis.

Dele. em lixboa a 6* de dezembro de 1553* lo Agostino estefano gentili & bento salvago [signature of]: Raynha p. äs quaes ditas cousas ficam carregadas em Receita so- bre a dita camareira por mi dioguo martins escriväo do seu carreguo nas di- [Left margin]: 1553 anos 20* de abril tas folhas como se declara e con todas äs verbas e partes que o dito alvara Somos contentos en el cambio de feria de Medina / [signature of]: Juan Ja- conteudas e por verda de Ihe pasey o presente conhecimento em forma em come Spinola que asynou em lixboa a 29* dabril de 1553* [signatures of]: dona mecia dandrade dioguo martins [Left margin.. atras conteudas em pagamentos das letras que se pagaräo por seu credyto e despesa que se fizeräo em framdes para p. e os 29 panos e duas goardapor- em medina del campo tas de tapigeria äs 13 ff. do livro da sua Receita. e os seis acafates de prata no Livro da Receita da pr.. 34 Recebida apostilha [cross] Jh[es[us em emveres a 21* de maio de 1552 / 2. Ynanver.686* cruzados 18 [Lower right (signature of)]: Antonio de Sampayo soldos Pagara nossa merce por esta primeira de cambio nos pagamentos da feira [Lowerright (signature of)]: Don Nuno [Alvares Pereira] doutubro de medina del campo primeira a Joam Jacome espindola [Gian Giacome Spinola]. 33 AI Molto Magnifico senor Bento Roiz/ o a chi fara per ele dito y ausencia a mi [cross] Jn°[Joan] Jac° [Jacome] espa [Espinola] conpa [compahnia] yn adi20demarzo 1553. conteudo nas provisöes de S.. written face down]: 1553 / aceito que a pagarey a o tempo en Recebeo bento Roiz mercador do thesoureiro alvaro lopez todo dinheiro Medina a 12 de Julho 1552 anos / [signature of]: Bento Roys. 35 de toalhas äs 258 ff. 32 [signature of]: Framcisco carneiro Recebeo a dona mecia dandrade Camareira da Rainha nosa senora do the- soureiro alvaro lopez äs ditas cousas conteudas neste alvara: äs tapecarias p. 36 que seus Respondentes deräo dinheiro em lixboa 20* de marco 1553 [cross] 1553 [signatures of] :dioguo martins bento Roiz Sou pago do Conteudo nesta Letra [signature of]: bento Roiz | a 30 dabril [cross] p. A. dese nom fazer a dita decraracam por quamto eu fou lembrada que quam. agostinho esteväo gemtil e pon- haos por comta da rainha nosa senora.. e äs 38* pecas la e companhia de Ruäo äs 219 ff. A. de cambio a voi medesmi ducati sete cento y desyse y soldi quatordeci fuora ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND l l l . e äs 11 * pecas e mea dolam äs [cross] 186 ff. e äs tres pecas mea dolandilhas äs 185 ff. e äs 16* pecas de liengos de barbante äs 220 ff.. Christo com todos p. das cousas que vieräo de soldos douro Largos fora de cambio ou nele com cimquo al milhar por a va- framdes pela maniera e declaracäo contheudas neste caderno lor aqui recebidos de arntonio espimdola.547. e äs 30* pecas dolanda äs Magnifico d[omi]no bemto roiz em sua ausemcia a Joam Jacome espimdo- 181 e 182 ff. mete a conto de francisco carnero del ordfne del senor Manoel Calldeira que teudo que se despemdeo por meu mamdado Amtonio de Sampayo o fez dyo vi guardi. de banquo /a loro Valuta yn esso con cinque por mille per la Valuta de noy y do asyney a dita provigam se me deu Rezäo e quomta de tudo e nella com. e os 24*j cofres äs 24 ff...775* rs. niculao catanho [Nicolao Cattaneol e a amgelo de maryn [Lower leftt (signature of)]: Recebido Aleixo de Moraes [Angelo de Marin] dous mil seis gemtos oitemta e seis cruzados e dozoito para levar em comta ao thesoureiro 2. / 716 ducati Hsoldi Villalone Nei pagamenti de feria prossima de villalone piacivi pagar per questa prima Pa. prata äs 209 ff.

forme ao custume e leis da terra näo estava täo fundado em clireito como eu aver regebido äs unhas de gram vestia que emviey a V A. folge! em estremo por que cova Carneiro] para que advirta a V./ Carregouse a caixa em mento ey dado ao negocio das moedas ern que S. Also of interest. e ao Baräo avia tomado para comesar a comprar o fio. A. E a importamcia dele e os termos em que tenho posto. A. DOCUMENT 2 Instituto dos Arquiuos Nacionais l Tone do Tombo (IAN/TT). merchant?] pera que advirta a V merge que a V A. 85. A. quäo Imteiro compri- ja que tardaräo tanto seräo a contentamento de V A. Rey N. captain] e segumdo o tempo Ihe outlining their costs and on which ships. Ruy Mendez. lha daa aos comtadores ganha V A. recebido que foräo na näo de Austria. [Fernäo Mendes] que ho tratava como cousa sua. «Las dos dguilas de/ emperador Carlos V. Por me escrever que com. mandarey toda a conta ao justo. 2000. seen in Flanders. se. to Catherine of pago por ellas. acrecemte e aumente o Real Estado del Rey Noso Serior. doc. maco 106. nela muj- ans by which she can save money. Depois desta escrita me mostrou Pedro de ysunga [Pedro de Ysunsa. os mandarey carregar. S. re. porque semtia tanto ha dila. ardo de ora em ora. S. A. V.. o que toca A tain] que ja partio com outras e tornaräo a emtrar por se Ihe mudar o tenpo/ navegagäo de Imgraterra para A mina. Como forem vimdos e carregados os tabis these were transported to Lisbon. La Monarquia de Felipe II a debate. n. de aquy me dar täo boa manha com que se torne a cobrar o que tenho [signature of]: Ruy Mendes l l2 ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND . Pego a Y A. merchant?] a do remdimento da pimenta que como por ela V. a V A. S. sem Ihe falar niso. to dinheiro e por esta rezäo escrevy a el Rey N. Madrid. pode mandar ver tiramdo ho que la se abate por a estiba. 141 IQ My 1564 Cited but notpublished in füll in A. Das outras cedas que se tormaräo en terra de suicaros [Switzerland] coreo o preito em floren. at the sarne time guilherme Amtonio [Guilherme Antonio. e a Pedro dalcagova [Pero de Alcä- jor perfeicäo que dizem vieräo nunca a esta terra. e me faga fazer a este Afonso de sunhiga [Afonso de Züniga. p. e a todo o mais que me pasou por äs mäos de servigo de S. mas de mil e du- A Rainha Nosa Senora / zentos cruzados. [Letter from the Portuguese consul in Antwerp. e väo seguras. Lisbon Corpo Chronolögico l. [?] vera V. naming their captains. o näo resumirey nesta. por que tem cartas Ihe escrevia o seria ca. As dez livras douro tera ja V A. ao preso que el Rey N.V A. De maniera que no que a my toc. S. [Sebastian of Portugal] se- ria muyto mais seu servico mandar o provimento do custo das munigoes [cross] nela que äse fazer se escusara de dano a fazenda de S. S. pedimdo de novo a V A. tanto que vierem os tabis de veneza [Venice] por que ago. Demves A dez e Julho de 1564. ouver De Ruj Mendes de / dez de Julho por mais seu servico me faga prover e näo premita me deixar cair na falta em que estou por äs Respomdemcias que tenho feito e fiquey nesta feira de Senora pascoa passada por näo me proverem das quinhentas livras que escrevy a el De doze dabril a esta parte näo ey escrito a V A. V cuja vida N.. Catherine's niece] em que Ihe escreve saiba de my se tenho Recado de V A. E por que por aque escrevo a el Rey N. E ora mescreve o aver acabado e espero em deus darme a carta para lha enviar. 446. me mandou ho servi- que väo na urqua [a type of ship] de tomas de grave [Thomas de Grave. ca V. pareger que mereco para com mais pose poder servir A. Mendes informs the queen that the Floren. se lha contäo a garding business transactions and the sale of pepper in Flanders and the rne. me fara merge de Iho escrever e man- se detreminase ca acausa. E com esta emvio Afonso de sunhiga [Afon- tine silk ordered for her was of the «greatest perfection» and the best ever so de Züniga. Luis Ribot Garcia. te äs mandar ellas säo virndas a deus gracas e na ma. A. A. cäo que avia em acabrem de vir estas cedas de florenca. is the advice Mendes offers the queen. que ou seja na pimenta ou no que S. Jordan. 0 conhecimento da caixa e conta do custo e a neagem dellas embio com me faga merge de apresemtar meus servigos a el Rey N. Las colecciones y el mecenazgo de Juana y Maria de Austria en la corte de Felipe II». cap. upon which fez deve ja de ser la [in Lisbon]. Spa- ga [Florence] te gora a omde posto que la tivesse o douttor fernäo mendez nish merchant in Antwerp] hua carta da Rainha de boemia [Maria of Austria. A. A. A. coord. pode estar certa que sera Imteiramente servida. que näo era em min- ha mäo escrever a V A. discussing the luxury goods he procured for her. A. S.s. trabalharia o que fose nele para fazer com aparte que frescas de V.

Pero de Alcäqova Carneiro (1515-1568). m. dyguo dous anos porque meteryäo tres mas todo tanto dynheiro e os casas tains and bed cover. e a enformagäo de como quer a tapegaria dytada por aqueles profe.aria de vere äs enformac. written from Augsburg during the Reichstag to the ro. doc. Portuguese ambassador versydade das estoryas porque dysto sey muito pela pratyca do tempo que to the imperial court. m. m. back cloth (headboard). confye que o que se deixar para fazer näo foy posyvel [. nela vera näo basta se näo ha de comprar cada dya e custara tanto näo me devo determynar esa dilygencya se foy o correo pelo quäl tyve tempo para tornar a ver a carta nem he rezäo que esta seya senäo para contentar e näo dar de posto e de v. A camara or chamber oftapestries. para esperar por esta obra porque a näo daryäo acabada em dous anos e vings for the bed were included: a canopy. estyve em frandes e vy o de que todos se queixaväo e asy o dyräo todos ese yal secretary. Lisbon Corpo Chronolögico l. v. ANNEMARIE JORDAN GSCHWEND l 13 . bed cur.. consisted of yas a a tudo isto me atreverya fazer mas serya negesarya muita pacyencya a series of at least six to eight panels for the walls of a room. escolhera por melhor mas como dyguo näo avera tempo poys poco pela posta e com tudo eu me deterey todo o en que posa ver toda a tapec. esta parte e em todas äs de seu servyijo que a my m tocase descanse v. escolher do que Ihe eu escrever en pecarya feita a aquele modo nem por aquelas medydas diguo pelos quebra. t[amb]em eu verey o que se pode fazer e porque neste tempo näo deve aver tos caxeiros e verdadeiramente foys senor muito de culpar poys en cousa muitos compradores podera esperar a mercadarya que eu vyr ate recado de em que quereis gastar tanto dynheiro days tal ordern por que äs casas mere. m. 27 l August 1551 Extract of a letter from Lourengo Pires de Tävora. m. m. maqo 17. concerning a set (a que qua estyveräo e por tanto para isto ser como se pede era negesaryo camara) oftapestries the latter wanted to purchase in Brüssels with the as..oys da de brucelas [Brüssels] que he aqui Senor vay a anvers [Antwerp] e se achar cousa que syrva ynda que em pouca va diferente do que se pede comprarey aparte que achar porque em cousa que Escrevendo esoutra carta com tanta presa como v. e dos que pede nem a comformydade nos panos de quada camera nem a di. que sera o mays seguro camynho de todos porque subitas determyna- cem tudo o que no iteys se pede e todas äs calydades e condy^oyns do que goyns näo valem para nada e asy deixarey recado en anvers [Antwerp] para ordenäo mas em nenhu modo do mundo se deve cuydar que se achara ta.]. or whether he may haue acting on behalf of Catherine va emtrades e do que me parecya se podya fazer e conforme a yso se pasera ofAustria who was purchasing tapestries in late 1551 and early 1552. do que acha- pestries for himself. mandar os fazer e fazerse os patroyns conformes aos Itens e pedyr äs estor- sistance ofthe ambassador. em obra se v. merecyas: se o muita tempo para a reposta podera avysar v. m. It is not clear whether the secretary was negotiating ta. se concluyr e por em efeito o que v. arid often wea. DOCUMENT 3 Instituto dos Arquivos Nadonals l Tone do Tombo (IAN/TTJ.