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Different types of radio stations

What are they and how are they broadcast?

FM / DAB / Satellite A program is transmitted by adding it to


a radio wave called a carrier. ... Since the size of a
wave is called its amplitude, this process is known
as amplitude modulation (AM). Frequency
modulation is how FM radio is broadcast;
amplitude modulation is the technique used by
AM radio stations.

Digital audio broadcasting (DAB), also known as


digital radio and high-definitionradio, is audio
broadcasting in which analog audio is converted
into a digital signal and transmitted on an
assigned channel in the AM or (more usually) FM
frequency range.

Satellite radio is just what its name suggests:


a radioservice that uses satellites circling Earth to
broadcast its programming. In 1992, the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) allocated
a satellite spectrum (the "S" band, 2.3 GHz) for
the broadcasting of satellite-based digital
audio radio service (DARS).

Internet / Podcast Internet radio (also web radio, net radio,


streaming radio, e-radio, online radio, webcasting)
is an audio service transmitted via the Internet.
Broadcasting on the Internet is usually referred to
as webcasting since it is not transmitted broadly
through wireless means.

A podcast is an episodic series of digital media


files which a user can set up so that new episodes
are automatically downloaded via web syndication
to the user's own local computer or portable
media player. The word arose as a portmanteau of
"iPod" (a brand of media player) and "broadcast".
Regulatory bodies
Please upload information in your own words, print screen regulations and upload
images as part of your research

OFCOM What are they? How can they help


They make sure that
Ofcom is the people in the UK get
communications regulator the best from their
in the UK. communications
services and are
They regulate the TV, protected from
https://www.ofcom.or
g.uk/tv-radio-and-on-
radio and video-on- scams.
demand/advice-for- demand sectors, fixed-
consumers/radio2/gui line telecoms, mobiles
de-to-community- and postal services, also
radio the airwaves over which
wireless devices operate.

PRS What are they? How can they help


PRS for Music is home to The organisation
the world's best music brings together two
writers, composers and royalty collection
publishers. Formed in societies; MCPS and
http://www.prsformusi 1997, PRS for PRS. We exist to
c.com/users/business Music Limited (formerly collect and pay
esandliveevents/musi known as The MCPS-PRS royalties to our
cforbusinesses/educat Alliance) adopted the PRS members when their
ionalestablishments/P for Music brand in 2009. music is exploited in
ages/educationalesta one of a number of
blishments.aspx ways when it is
recorded onto any
format and
distributed to the
public, performed or
played in public,
broadcast
or made
publicly
available online.

Student radio What are they? How can they help


organisation
They are an organisation They represent radio
that are run to enable, stations linked to
encourage and act on behalf educational
of the UK student radio establishments, as well
community as individual students
https://www.studentra participating in radio
dio.org.uk/ and audio projects, and
work with industry
bodies to offer advice,
support and
opportunities to their
members.

Setting up an online or FM station


http://www.radioandtelly.co.uk/settingupanonlineradiostation.html
http://www.radioandtelly.co.uk/startaradiostation.html
http://www.radioandtelly.co.uk/communityradiocosts.html

Things to consider
Music copyright (2
different types
Reporting: Those with a Small Webcaster
licence will be required to submit a report to
PPL ever three months, outlining the total
amount of time the service has been listened
to, and the average number of recorded music
tracks broadcast per hour.

Auditing: PPL may require you, on occasion, to


provide a Programme Report (which is a
detailed list of all pieces of music played for a
given day), as well as details of the territories
(i.e Countries) that have accessed
the stream.

Costings for a
Streaming Station
(add links to items
required)

Live streaming
websites that can
host our radio
station
Items for an FM
radio station with
costings

Transmissions
needed for a FM
radio station

Difference between
part live and pre-
recorded for internet
radio
Other information useful to setting up a radio station: