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At the traffic jam by

get from the jam-emergence of TMC message for Navi As congestion information fro
m the scene of the Navi? A visit to the WDR-traffic editorial, the TMC messages
generated for the navigation system shows how traffic reports come on the scene
in the GPS Pathfinder and why a lot of experience necessary for a message is hel
pful. For many drivers, the GPS navigation has become an indispensable tool. But
what is the use of sophisticated routing, if one is stuck in traffic or in fron
t of a blocked road? To avoid such obstacles to be able, many navigation devices
with a TMC receiver or TMCpro conditioning. To receive it from FM transmitters
to-date information on traffic conditions. FREE TMC messages TMC stands for Traf
fic Message Channel and designated as such only the transmission channel for the
traffic to the radio or navigation device. The Traffic Message Channel is a fre
e addition of the 1988 launched Radio Data System (RDS) and in operation since 1
997. All public-service radio stations (NDR, RBB, MDR, Radio Bremen, BR, SWR and
SR) and some private stations spread the TMC messages for free navigation along
with the radio traffic report and the name of the radiating channel. TMCpro can
be costly In 2005, the group T-Systems one of TMC TMCpro called into life - whi
ch is emitted as opposed to the public only through private channels TMC. The bi
lling for this encrypted service is designed in part fanciful, is usually a surc
harge built into the decoder Navisoftware. The manufacturer sends the other hand
, for example, the TomTom TMCpro data via GPRS mobile phone connection to the Na
vi and collected therefor an annual fee of just â ¬ 40. TMCpro uses the same data
and police messages like TMC, but has access to 4,000 additional sensors on moto
rway bridges to make a more precise statement about the traffic situation and de
termine the need for you to cause congestion. Land and roads are in this sensor
network is not taken into account. Unlike TMC TMCpro works automatically, editor
ial control as TMC does not take place. Please notify the WDR-traffic editorial
in Dortmund, the busy state of North Rhine Westphalia with TMC messages nationwi
de supplied. The data, which will later news for the TMC will be replaced, the r
adio station by the police, the ADAC (General German Automobile Club), traffic c
ameras and automatic sensors under the roadway, known as induction loops, which
measure the volume of traffic. The induction loops to measure not only the numbe
r and speed, but also the type and size of vehicles. Takes care of installation
and maintenance of the invisible sensors in the Department of Transportation. Cu
rrently there are about 90 percent of all motorways and busy roads with such inv
isible sensors. Highest density in NRW Of the 6,000 inductive loops are only abo
ut 3000 in North Rhine-Westphalia, and for good reason: with 2250 highway miles
North Rhine-Westphalia is one of the states with the highest traffic volume. are
located on land and roads is
rarely induction loops. The data from the police and the induction loops come to
gether in the data center of the country's Department of Transportation in Lever
kusen and will be automatically forwarded from there to all stations. A speciall
y created for the broadcasters of the ARD program combines the data from the pol
ice, the ADAC and the induction loops and generates information on traffic condi
tions. Honorary detectors since 1997 may be WDR volunteer listeners to register
as private jam detector and provide information on current traffic events direct
ly to the sender. This is particularly important for detecting the traffic on ro
ads useful, not the monitoring network covers. Currently have already registered
40 000 jam detector, of which about one third report active regular traffic jam
s, construction sites and be dangerous. This information are also included in th
e TMCMeldebestand. Because the WDR knows how to contact all traffic lights, and
all messages transmitted risk must be confirmed by the police, the error rate is
very low. The only downside is the extra effort of personnel through a call cen
ter that receives the calls and the information must manually enter into the sys
tem. If the sensor network from complete, but this is the only way to power the
radio listeners have to deal with some reliable information on traffic condition
s. Jam is not just jam Several employees around the clock check the relevance of
the received traffic information,€not always for the reported traffic jams pro
ve to be real obstacles, and some loose after a few minutes again. How quickly c
hanging traffic situations, Dr. Martin shows drivers from the Technical Universi
ty of Dresden in a Web-simulation [1]. He demonstrated with artificially generat
ed road curves and adjustable traffic jams that often move very quickly or even
disappear completely in a short time. Only in case of accidents and traffic jams
blocked roads remains the risk is permanent. It is therefore in the transmissio
n of traffic data to particular attention to the experience of the editorial sta
ff who choose what data are useful for navigation. Especially during rush hour,
many turn out the jams just as easily slow-moving traffic. Only from a certain s
ize, take the staff on a congestion message to them editorially processed and fi
nally to the TMC-pass system. pass away from the Navi from data input to the mes
sage in the TMC receiver is usually not more than eight minutes. With about 60 b
its per second transfer rate receives a Navi for about ten messages per minute -
but only for optimal FM reception performance. The mostly enclosed by the NaviH
erstellern simple wire antenna is sufficient for it only rarely. The result is l
ate news in Navi, just because a TMC message transmitted mutilated. Therefore, t
he connection is recommended to the radio antenna of the cars that usually works
better. as device carries the TMC data in the card with symbols for constructio
n sites, traffic jams and hazards. Crosses a calculated route, the navigation de
vice can react accordingly. The time savings resulting from the received traffic
reports, however, dependent on the type of traffic obstruction. In the experien
ce of the WDR office, it is worthwhile in most cases rather drive into the jam,
as a detour to be accepted. Only for closures, hazards and accidents are alterna
tive routes prove to be useful. Human sampling
Modern navigation systems can be reasonably sure the user the choice between ori
ginal and modified route for the respective routes and calculate the expected ti
me required. For this reason, TMC traffic information will assist in traffic jam
s, although only rarely to reach the goal faster, but especially for hazards, ac
cidents and construction sites a useful tool. The newer system TMCpro works almo
st automatically, but is not necessarily better. The test takes little time TMCp
ro advantages in navigation compared to the older, but free-TMC system - particu
larly in West Germany, where the induction loop system is well developed. This m
ay be mainly because of TMC now outweigh individuals as "human sampling and the
evaluation of experienced employees of the traffic sensor network of editors, th
e finer TMCpro. In eastern Germany and northern Germany TMCpro may indeed bring
benefits, because there are induction loops is difficult, but a very dense netwo
rk of bridge sensors. (Daniel Lueders)
Source: www.heise.de