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KSTAR Mission KSTAR Parameters
%QPXGPVKQPCN&GXKEG
%W  DEMO PARAMETERS Designed Achieved
ITER
5WRGTEQPFWEVKPI&GXKEG To achieve the superconducting tokamak Major radius, R0 1.8 m 1.8 m
)9
construction and operation experiences,
Minor radius, a 0.5 m 0.5 m
and
JET Elongation, k 2.0 2.0
KSTAR To develop high performance steady- Triangularity, d 0.8 0.8
TFTR
JT-60U
state operation physics and technologies Plasma volume 17.8 m3 17.8 m3
/9 that are essential for ITER and fusion Bootstrap Current, fbs > 0.7 -
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reactor development PFC Materials C, CFC (W) C


6(64 ,'66(64
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-9 &+++&
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SC Device Plasma current, IP 2.0 MA 1.0 MA
2.6
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#.%#614% Pulse length 300 s 10 s
9 T-3
KAIST-T bN 5.0 > 1.5
(1968) #6%
#.%#614# SNUT-79 KT-1
Plasma fuel H, D H, D, He
Superconductor Nb3Sn, NbTi Nb3Sn, NbTi
            
Auxiliary Heating / CD ~ 28 MW ~ 6 MW
;GCT
Cryogenic 9 kW @4.5K 5 kW @4.5 K
3 4

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2008 2009 2010

2012 SXR / IR
Deposition XICS / FIR ECEC / MIR Visible Thomson CES / BES / MSE

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Parameter TF HF TF LF CS PF1-4 PF5-6
Cable pattern (3SC)x4x5x6x5 + (((2SC+2Cu)x5)x6+7 (2SC+1Cu) x3x4x4x6 (2SC+1Cu)x3x4x4x5+Central Spiral
4 Helical Spiral Cu)x6 + Central Spiral No Cooling Spiral
No. of SC strands 1800 360 576 480
  No. of Copper strands - 432 288 240
  4   Spiral Dimension (mm) ID 7 / OD 12 ID 7 / OD 9 - ID 7 / OD 9
4  4




 36.6 32.5


Void Fraction (%)






27.1 26.0





NbTi Strand




High Jc (> 2600 A/mm2) Nb3Sn Strand ITER type (Jc ~ 1000 A/mm2) Nb3Sn Strand
0.82 mm diameter 0.82 mm diameter 0.82 mm
Strand Type diameter

  (~450 ton + ~280 ton) (~102 ton + ~90 ton) (~90 ton)

  Cu/non-Cu of Strand 1.0
 
  Insulation 1.6 mm (including Voltage Tap) 2.0 mm (including Voltage Tap)
  (0.1 mm Kapton 400% + 0.3 mm S glass 400%) (0.1 mm Kapton 400% + 0.4 mm S glass 400%)
6(.(%+%% 6(*(%+%% %5%+%% 2(%+%% Jacket Thickness 5.0 mm

Twist Pitch (mm)


1st stage 80 5 80 5 27 5 35 5
2nd stage 140 10 140 10 45 10 75 10
3rd stage 190 10 190 10 85 10 135 10
4th stage 245 15 300 15 150 15 285 15
5th stage 415 20 - 385 20 410 20

Wrapping Tape
Sub-cable wrap thickness 0.08 mm, 40% coverage
Sub-cable wrap width 15 mm
Cable wrap thickness 0.4 mm, 60% coverage
Final wrap width 7 mm

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Minimum Quench Energy (mJ/ccst)

Minimum Quench Energy (mJ/ccst)


Minimum Quench Energy (mJ/ccst)

 HF 10000 LF 10000
CS 3)
1000

1000 1000
Mass Flow of 5 g/sec
TF LF 20m,10ms

TF HF 20m,10ms
TF LF 2m,10ms
CS 20m,10ms
2(
100
TF HF 2m,10ms Mass Flow of 15 g/sec
TF LF 2m,10ms
CS 2m,10ms
3)
100 100
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

Opration Current (kA) Opration Current (kA) Opration Current (kA)

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7)VHFWRU Horizontal assisted
structure
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Blanket

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(Mixed pebbles of
Li4SiO4 &Be12Ti)

outboard blanket
modules

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Divertor
Divertor Outboard
Blanket
Outboard
Blanket
Inboard Inboard
Blanket Blanket MCNP Calculation with the help of MCAM developed by Chinese FDS team

Breeder Pebble Multiplier Pebble Global TBR

Li4SiO4 Be > 1.20

Li4SiO4 Be12Ti < 1.00 (so far)

Li4SiO4 + Be12Ti (Mixed pebbles) ~ 1.00 (so far)

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Core radiation fraction = 40% central part, an inboard target, and an
lq = 1.5~2.5 mm outboard target.
flux expansion = 4.3

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Tungsten mono-blocks
RAFM cooling tube
Vanadium interlayer

Detail View of HHF Units

Peak Heat Flux vs. Divertor Radiation Fraction Heat Flux Distribution at Outboard Divertor Target
(frad_div = 0.87) Outboard target

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K-DEMO 3 Major K-DEMO &
Major Research Facilities
Research Fields 7 Core Technologies Construction
Tokamak Core Plasma Technology of
K-DEMO
Design Basis Technology Reactor System Integration Technology Extreme Scale Simulation Center p{lyG International
Related Facilities
JET, EAST
Safety and Licensing Technology PPPL, ORNL, KIT
IFMIF, KOMAC

Material Basis Technology


Fusion Materials Technology Fusion Materials Development Center
Fusion Neutron Irradiation Test Facility
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SC Magnet Technology SC Conductor Test Facility
Machine and H&CD and Diagnostics Technology Blanket Test Facility
Fusion Basic Research and HR Development Program
System Engineering
Heat Retrieval System Technology PMI Test Facility
Basis Technology

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