0 Votos favoráveis0 Votos desfavoráveis

8 visualizações53 páginasElectrical machines lab

Mar 05, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT ou leia online no Scribd

Electrical machines lab

© All Rights Reserved

8 visualizações

Electrical machines lab

© All Rights Reserved

- electrical engineering lab report
- Retrotfit Ntakl Vzrab Emri 3tx20 Sublx20 Lx20
- Flywheel Electric Generator
- CHAPTER 7 Electricity 2016
- plc
- wind driven pmsg
- Automotive Technology Curriculum
- Rr410209 High Voltage Engineering
- Nikola Tesla
- Basics of Wind Power
- 10 kW, 15φ Axial Flux Pancake Generator for 2-Blade Wind
- Spec Sheet 62 Watt 1
- Paper 19
- InTech-Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Systems
- 5990-5308EN
- 3-CMLT-1033-02 Whisper 200 Manual
- Collection of Articles by Nikola Tesla
- Energy Catalog
- BM5200_DS_en_V01
- Ea5k3 Manual En

Você está na página 1de 53

ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I

LABORATORY MANUAL

FOR YEAR 2015-2016

BY

ICS ENGINEERING

DHULLAPALLY, KOMPALLY

SECUNDERABAD-500014

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Aim: To conduct an experiment on a D.C shunt generator and draw the magnetization

characteristics (OCC) and to determine the critical field resistance and critical speed.

Apparatus:

1 Voltmeter M.C 0-250/500V 1

2 Ammeter M.C 0-1/2A 1

wound

4 Tachometer Digital 0-9999 1

Circuit diagram:

3 point starter

DPST Switch L F A DPST Switch

+ +

+

400/ + (0-2)A

A

(0- MC

230 V DC 1.7A V

500)V DC

Supply F A A

F Excit-

M G er

A A

FF

F

Fuse Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

400/1.7

A A (0-2A)

F

230 V +

DC

V (0-250V)

Sup-

ply FF

Theory:

Open circuit characteristics or magnetization curve is the graph be-

tween the generated emf and field current of a dc shunt generator. For field cur-

rent is equal to zero there will be residual voltage of 10 to 12V because of the

residual magnetism present in the machine .If this is absent there the machine

can not build up voltage to obtain residual magnetism the machine is separately

excited by a dc source from OCC we can get critical field resistance and critical

speed.

Critical field resistance: It is the resistance above which the machine cannot

build up emf.

Critical speed: It is the speed below which the machine cannot build up emf.

Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.

2. Start the motor and bring it to rated speed..

3. The switch SPST is opened and If=0

4. For the different values of excitations (If) the generated voltage (Eg)from

the voltmeter is taken at rated speed, with increasing and decreasing orders.

5. Calculate average Eg from increasing and decreasing orders.

6. A graph is drawn between Avg Eg & If. From the graph (OCC) Critical

field resistance and critical speed are calculated.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Tabular column:

S.NO Average Eg

If Increasing Decreasing

Graph:

Eg (V)

R

Rf

O C P If (A)

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

With this field resistance. = OM

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

NATION OF ITS PERFORMANCE CURVES

Aim: To conduct brake test on DC Shunt motor. And to determine its perfor-

mance curves.

Apparatus:

1. Voltmeter 0-250V M.C. 1

2. Ammeter 0-20A M.C 1

3 Ammeter 0-1/2A M.C 1

4 Rheostat 400/1.7A Wire wound 1

5. Tachometer Digital type 1

6. Connecting wires

Circuit diagram:

DPST Switch MC L A F

+ A

400/ + S1 S2

+

1.7A A (0-2)A

230 V V (0-250)V MC

DC MC A

Sup- F

ply M

A

FF

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Theory:

When if is required to determine directly efficiency if comparatively small

motors, the motor is loaded directly by means of Mechanical Break. Hence in the

case of shunt motor there is no drastic change in speed. The Torque

T = (S1 ~ S2) g. r Nm. where S1 S2 is the spring balance reading, r = Break drum

Radius and g=9.81.

P = Power developed. Efficiency of DC motor = Po/ Pi x 100

Procedure:-

01. Make Connections as per the circuit diagram.

02. Start the motor with the help of the starter.

03. Then bring the motor to rated speed by adjusting field rheostat.

04. Put the mechanical load on the motor in steps and note down correspond-

ing readings of all meters.

05. Do calculations accordingly.

Tabular columns :

S.No Voltage Current Spee Spring Torque= Pout = Pin = Eff =

(V) (I) d Balance 9.8 1(S1 ~ 2 nT/60 Vi - op/ip

(N) Readings S2) .r -Nm -Watts Watts x100.

S1 S2

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

EXPECTED GRAPHS:

T

Tsh

Ta

0 X

Ia

Ta vs Ia.

0 Y

Ia

N vs Ia

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Y

T

N vs T

Y

O/P

Vs O/P

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

TERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE CURVES

Aim: To conduct brake test on dc compound motor.

Apparatus:

1 Voltmeter (0-250V) M.C. 1 No

2 Ammeter (0-20A) M.C 1 No.

3 Rheostat 400/1.7A Wire wound 1

4 Tachometer digital 0-9999 1No

5 Connecting wires

Circuit diagram:

Cumulative:

DPST Switch MC L A F

+ A

Y

400/ + S1 S2

+

1.7A A (0-2)A

230 V V (0-250)V MC

DC MC A YY

Sup- F

ply M

AA

FF

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Differential:

DPST Switch MC L A F

+ +

A

YY

400/ + S1 S2

+

1.7A A (0-2)A

230 V V (0-250)V MC

DC MC A Y

Sup- F

ply M

AA

FF

Fuse

Theory:

A Compound motor has a shunt field winding as well as series field winding. If the

series field mmf and shunt field mmf help each other it is a cumulative compound

motor. If the series and shunt fields appose each other it is a differentially com-

pound motor. The operation of differential compound motor is unstable In a cumu-

lative compounded motor the fluxes are add each other at light loads the shunt field

is stronger than series field so motor behaves shunt motor. At high loads series

field is stronger than shunt field so the characteristics like nearly to series motor.

Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.

2. Start the motor with the help of the starter.

3. Then bring the motor to rated speed by adjusting field rheostat.

4. Put the mechanical load on the motor in steps and note down all the meter read-

ings.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Tabular columns:

(V) (I) (N) balance 9.81xS1 power power Pout/P in

readings ~S2xr - 2NT/60- VI- x 100.

S1 S2 Nm Watts Watts

Cum

Diff

0 X

T

N vs Ia

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Diff

T

Cum

0 Y

Ia

T vs Ia

N Cum

Diff

Y

T

N vs T

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Cum

Diff

Y

O/P

Vs O/P

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Aim: To conduct a load test on the given DC Shunt generator and to obtain the

performance characteristics.

Apparatus required:

1 Ammeter 0-20A, MC 1

0-1A, MC 1

0-5A MC 1

2 Voltmeter 0-250V, MC 1

0-30V, MC 1

3 Rheostat 400/1.7A 1

4 Rheostat 100/5A 1

5 Load 3 Kw / 220V 1

6 Tachometer 1

5 Connecting wires

Circuit diagram:

3 point starter (0-20A)

(0-5A) DPST Switch

DPST Switch L A F

+ +

+ A A

400/

400/ 1.7A

1.7A

230 V

DC A F F A +

Sup- (0-250v)

M G V

ply

AA FF AA

FF Resistive Load

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC

Supply M V (0-30V)

AA

Theory: .

By conducting load test on DC shunt generator we can get load characteris-

tics i.e, Internal & External characteristics. By exciting the m/c, the field current

increases and voltage build up. After the machine has attained 220V the rated load

is switched on. With increase in load, the voltage will be dropped

Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.

2. Start the machine with the help of starter and bring to rated speed by vary-

ing field rheostat of motor, then by varying field rheostat of the generator

set the rated voltage of the generator.. Then close the DPST switch of the

load and increase the load by step 0.125Kw, up to full load of the generator.

3. Note down all the meter readings at every step.

4. Do necessary calculations.

Observations:

no amps amps in amps volts volts in volts

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Graph:

E&

Internal

External P

Y

I

E& vs I

E&V vs I

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Aim: To conduct load test on the given DC series generator and to obtain its per-

formance characteristics.

Apparatus required:

1 Ammeter. 0-20A M.C. 1

0-5A MC 1

2 Voltmeter. 0-250V M.C 1

0-30V MC 1

3 Rheostat 400/1.7A Wire wound 1

100/5A Wire wound 1

4 Load 5,Kw 1

5 Tachometer 0-9999 Digital 1

Circuit diagram:-

L A F DPST Switch

DPST Switch +

+ A

400/ YY

1.7A

Y

230 V

DC A F A +

Sup- (0-250v)

M G V

ply

AA AA

FF Resistive Load

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC M (0-30V)

V

Sup-

ply AA

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

Y

230 V +

DC

Sup-

V (0-30V)

ply YY

Theory:

The load characteristics curve of DC series generator shows the relation

b/w its terminal voltage and load current. The characteristics are rising in

nature and excitation increases with load. At large values of load current,

the terminal voltage must be start decreasing owing to the saturation of the

machine iron & rapidly increasing voltage drop of armature and armature

resistance.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Procedure:

1. Make connections as per the circuit diagram.

2. Adjust the speed of the motor to its rated value using field rheostat.(motor).

3. Connect the load to generator with the help of load box, and increase the

load 0.125Kw at every step and note the corresponding readings.

4. Plot the graph b/w terminal voltage Vs current and generated voltage Vs

armature current.

Observations:

Speed of the motor, N =

Sno Terminal volt- Load current, IaRa IaRse Eg=V+IaRa+IaRse

age, in volts IL=Ia=Ise in amps In volts In volts In volts

Graph:

Plot the graph b/w terminal voltage and load current by taking V on Y-

axis and IL on X-axis, and Eg on Y axis and Ia on X axis.

OCC

Eg & V Internal

External

Y

Ia = Ise

Eg & V vs Ia= Ise

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

The methods are

1. Armature voltage control method 2. Flux control method

Apparatus:

1 Ammeter 0-5A MC 1No

0-2A MC 1No

2 Voltmeter 0-250V MC 1No

3 Rheostats 100/5A Wire wound 1NO

400/1.7A Wire wound 1No

4 Tachometer 0-2000rpm Digital 1No

5 Connecting Wires LS

Circuit diagram:

DPST FUSE L A F

+

100/5A 400/1.7A

+

+

A A (0-2A)

230 V (0-5A)

DC

Supply

+ A F

(0-250V) V M

AA

FF

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC M (0-30V)

V

Sup-

ply AA

Theory:

i) Armature voltage control method:

For a load of constant Torque, the speed is proportional to the applied to the arma-

ture. Therefore speed voltage characteristic is linear and is a straight line. As the

voltage is decrease across the armature the speed falls. This method gives speeds

less than rated speeds.

Eb N Eb N

V-Ia(Ra+R) N

As the voltage is decreased speed decreases.

With rated voltage applied to the motor, the field resistance is increased i.e field

current is decreased. I t is observed that speed increases.

Eb/ N N Eb/If

The characteristics If Vs N is inverse (or) if it is hyperbola.

Procedure:

i) Armature Voltage Control Method

2) Show the connections to the lab instructor.

3) Keeping both rheostats at minimum, Start the motor with the help of starter and

by adjusting field rheostat bring the motor to rated speed.

4) By increasing armature circuit rheostat in steps note down voltage, Ia and speed

at every step.

5) The corresponding graph is draw between armature Voltage Vs speed.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

1) The machine run at its rated speed and rated voltage obtained.

2) The voltage is kept constant and for different values of field current the

speed are noted.

Tabular Column:

Armature Voltage Control Method:

Voltage in current=Ia in RPM volts

volts in amps

Expected graphs:-

O

X

If(I)

N Vs If

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

O

X

Va(V)

N Vs Va

N vs Va(Armature voltage)

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

PREDETERMINATION OF EFFICIENCIES

Aim: To perform no load test on dc motor and to predetermine the efficiencies of

the machine acting as a motor and generator.

Equipment:

1 Voltmeter MC 0-250v 1

2 Voltmeter MC 0-30V 1

3 Ammeter MC 0-5A 1

4 Ammeter MC 0-2A 1

5 Rheostats Wire wound 400/1.7A 1

Wire wound 100/5A 1

Circuit diagram:

(0-5)A 3 point starter

DPST Switch MC L A F

+

+ A

400/ +

+ 1.7A (0-2)A

A

230 V MC

V (0-250)V

DC MC A

Supply F

M

AA

FF

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST Switch

+

100/5A +

A (0-5)A

MC

230 V

DC Sup- A

ply +

M (0-30)V

V

MC

AA

Fuse

Theory:

It is simple indirect method in which losses are measured separately

and the efficiency at any desired load can be predetermined. This test applicable to

those machines in which flux is practically constant i.e. shunt and compound

wound machines. The no load power input to armature consist iron losses in core,

friction loss, windage loss and armature copper loss. It is convenient and economi-

cal because power required to test a large machine is small i.e. only no load power.

But no account is taken the change in iron losses from no load to full load due to

armature reaction flux is distorted which increases the iron losses in some cases by

as 50%

Procedure:

2. Show the connections to the lab instructor.

3. Keeping both rheostats at minimum, Start the motor with the help of starter and

by adjusting field rheostat bring the motor to rated speed.

4. Note down all the meter readings at no load..

5. Do necessary calculations and find out the efficiency of the Machine as a motor

and as a generator.

6. Draw the graphs between output Vs efficiency of the Machine as a generator and

as a motor.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Observations:

IL IF IA V N

For Ra

S.NO V I Ra=V/I

Expected graphs:-

(%) Generator

Motor

O

Out-

Efficiency Vs Output

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

GENERATOR:

in volts Current Current Ia = Cu loss= Wt=Wc+ VxIL Input-total Output

in amps (IL+If) Ia XIaXRa IaXIaXRa losses= Input.

VxIL-Wt

Motor:

in volts Current Current Cu loss= Wt=Wc+ VxIL +total loss- Output

in amps Ia =(IL-If) Ia XIaXRa IaXIaXRa es= Input.

VxIL+Wt

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Model calculations:

No load input=V IL

Constant losses Wc=V l(Il-If )2 Ra

Efficiency as a motor:

Motor i/p=VI

Ia=IL-If

Motor armature losses=I2a .Ra

Total losses=I2a Ra+ Wc

Efficiency of motor= VI- I2a Ra+ Wc / VI x 100

Efficiency as generator:

Generator O/P =VI

Total losses= I2a Ra+ Wc

Efficiency of generator=VI / VI+ I2a Ra+ Wc

Results:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

characteristics.

Apparatus:

1. Voltmeter 0-250 V M.C. 1

2. Ammeter 0-2A M.C. 1

0-20A M.C. 1

3. Rheostats 400/1.7A Wire wound 2

4. Tachometer Digital 1

5 Connecting wires

(0-2A) DPST Switch

DPST Switch L A F

+ +

+ A A

400/

400/ 1.7A

1.7A Y

230 V YY

DC A F F A +

Sup- (0-250v)

ply M G V

AA FF AA

FF Resistive Load

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

(0-2A) DPST Switch

DPST Switch L A F

+ +

+ A A

400/

400/ 1.7A

1.7A YY

230 V Y

DC A F F A +

Sup- (0-250v)

ply M G V

AA FF AA

FF Resistive Load

Fuse

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC M (0-30V)

Sup-

V

ply AA

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

Y

230 V +

DC

V (0-30V)

Sup-

ply YY

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Theory: D.C. Compound generator consists of both series and shunt field wind-

ings. The shunt and series fields can be connected in two ways.

1. Short shunt.

2. Long shunt.

When the MMF of series field opposes the MMF of shunt field, the gener-

ator is differentially compound. The terminal voltage decreases sharply with in-

creasing load current. Evidently this connection is not used.

In cumulative compound the connections of the two fields are such that

their MMFs added and help each other. If the series field is very strong, the termi-

nal voltage may increase as the load current increases and it is called over com-

pounding. When terminal voltage on full load and no load are equal, it is known as

flat compounded generator. If the series field is not strong, the terminal voltage

will decreases with increase in load current (under compound)

Procedure:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.

2. The machine is run at rated speed and the rated voltage is obtained by vary-

ing field excitation

3. There the switch is closed so that load is connected across the generator.

4. Increase the load step by step with 0.125Kw and note down all the meter

readings and calculations are made accordingly and the characteristics are

obtained.

5. Plot graph for internal external characteristics.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Tabular Column:-

Model graphs:-

Internal characteristics

Cumulative

Differential

E (V)

O

X

Ia (A)

E (V) Vs Ia

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

External characteristics

Cumula-

Differential

O

X

Ia (A)

V Vs Ia

Result:-

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

MACHINES

Aim: To determination the efficiency of two mechanically coupled series ma-

chines by conducting fields test.

Apparatus:

1. Voltmeter 0-250V M.C. 3

2-30V MC 1

2 Ammeter 0-20A M.C. 2

0-5A M.C. 1

3. Resistive load 5Kw

4. Connecting wires

Circuit diagram:

(0-20A)

L A DPST Switch

DPST Switch +

+ +

A A

Y Y

230 V +

DC YY A

V (0-250v) +

Sup- A

YY V (0-250v)

ply

M G

AA

AA Resistive Load

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC M (0-30V)

V

Sup-

ply AA

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

Y

230 V +

DC

V (0-30V)

Sup-

ply YY

Theory:

This test is applicable for two series machines which are coupled mechani-

cally. Series machines cannot be tested on no load conditions due to dangerous

high speeds. One machine normally run as motor and drives generator whose out

put is wasted in a variable load R. The fields of two machines are connected in se-

ries in order to make iron losses of both the machines equal.

Model calculations:

Generator output = V3.I2 Watts. - - - - - - - - - (1)

Total input = V1.I1 Watts. - - - - - - - - (2)

Total losses Pt of both machines = ( V1.I1)-(V3.I2) Watts - - (3)

Motor Field Cu loss = I1.I1.Rsem - - - - - - - - - - (4)

Motor Armature Cu loss = I1.I1.Ram - - - - - - - - - - -(5)

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Generator Armature Cu loss = I2.I2.Rag - - - - - - - - - - - -(7)

P2,Total Ra and Se ,Cu losses

Of both machines = (4)+(5)+(6)+(7)- - - - -- - --(8)

Ps, Stray losses of both m/c = (Pt-P2) Watts - - - - - - - - -(9)

Ps/2, Stray losses of each m/c = (Pt-P2)/2 Watts- - - - - - - - -(10)

Output of Generator =V3 . I2 Watts---------------(11)

Stray losses of Generator = (Pt-P2)/2 Watts ----------(12)

Field Cu loss of Generator. = I1 . I1 .Rseg----------------(13)

Armature Cu loss of Generator. = I2 .I2 .Rag------------------(14)

Input to Generator. = (11)+(12)+(13)+(14)-------(15)

Efficiency of Generator =Output/Input =(11)/(15)

Efficiency calculations for Generator:-

Motor in put . =V2 .I1 Watts----------------(16)

Motor Field Cu loss = I1 .I1.Rsem-----------------(17)

Motor Armature Cu loss =I1 . I1 .Ram-----------------(18)

Motor Stray losses =(Pt-P2)/2 Watts------------(19)

Motor Output =(16)-(17)+(18)+(19)------(20)

Efficiency of Motor =Output/Input=(20)/(16)

Model graphs:-

(%) Genera-

Motor

O

Out-

Result:

By conducting the fields test we found the efficiency of series machines

(motor and generator).

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Aim : To conduct a Hopkinsons test on a two similar D.C shunt machines and

find out the efficiency.

Apparatus Required:

1 Volt meter 0-250V M.C. 1

2 Ammeter 0-20A M.C 2

0-2A M.C 2

3 Rheostat 400/1.7A Wire wound 2

4 Connecting wires

Circuit Diagram:

3 point start-

+ (0-2A)

DPST Switch L A F A MC

+

400/

V

1.7A + + 400/

(0-500)V (0-20)A 1.7A

+ MC A MC

230

(0-230)V + F

V MC (0-2)A

V A A MC

A

DC M FF

F M

Sup-

AA AA

FF

Fuse

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A

A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC M (0-30V)

Sup-

V

ply AA

Theory:

an indirect test or full test, which is used to determine the efficiency of the two

identical shunt machines. The two machines are mechanically coupled and are also

adjusted electrically that are of then run as motor and other as a generator. The

two-shunt machines are connected in parallel. The power input from the mains is

only that needed for supplying the losses of the two machines. The two machines

can be tested under full load conditions (for determining the efficiency and maxi-

mum temperature rise).

Procedure:

1. Connected the circuit as per the circuit diagram.

2. Keep the field regulator minimum resistance position and start the motor by

using starter, Keeping S.P.S.T switch open.

3. Adjust the regulator on generator side until the rated voltage equal to both

in magnitude and polarity as that of main supply. i. e; voltmeter reads zero.

4. The S. P. S.T switch is closed to parallel the machines, by adjusting the re-

spective field regulators, any load can how be thrown on to machines.

5. Calculate efficiency by applying load.(changing excitation)

Observations:

Input Volt-

Input Cur- Gen If=I3

S. No age in volts Gen Ia=I2 Motor If=I4

rent=I1

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Motor:

S. No Motor Motor Motor Stray Total Out put of Mo-

input Armature Field loss losses Of Mo- tor

Cu loss Cu loss of mo- tor

tor

Generator:

S. Generator Generator Generator Stray Total Input of

No output Armature Field Cu loss losses of Of generator

Cu loss loss generator generator

Calculations:

Armature Resistance of each machine =Ra

Generator Armature cu loss =I1 x I2 x Ra Watts.

Motor Armature cu loss =(I1 + I2)(I1 + I2)Ra Watts.

Armature power input to the set. =VL x I1 Watts.

Ps, Stray losses of both machines = VL x I1 Armature Cu loss of

(Gen +Motor)

Stray losses of each machine = Ps/2

Efficiency of Generator:

Generator output =VL . I2 Watts

Generator Losses Pg = V.I3 + I2 x I2+(Ps/2)

Efficiency of Generator =( VL .I2 )/ (VL .I2 +Pg)

Efficiency of Motor :

Motor losses Pm =(I1 +I2)(I1 +I2)Ra +VxI4 +Ps/2 .

Motor Efficiency = {VL (I1 +I2+I4)}-Pm/ VL (I1+I2+I4)

(a) Output Vs Efficiency for Generator.

(b) Output Vs Efficiency for Motor.

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Model graphs:-

(%) Genera-

Motor

O

Output

Result:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

MACHINE

Aim :

To conduct the No-load Test at various speeds at two different excitations on a DC

shunt machine and to determine following losses:-

(a) Hysteresis Loss (b) Eddy Current Loss (c) Mechanical Loss.

Apparatus Required:

1 Volt meter 0-250V M.C. 1

0-30V MC 1

2 Ammeter 0-5A M.C 2

0-2A M.C 2

3 Rheostat 400/1.7A Wire wound 1

100/ 5A Wire wound 1

4 Connecting wires

5 Tachometer digital 0-9999 1

Circuit Diagram:

DPST FUSE L A F

+

100/5A 400/1.7A

+

+

A A (0-2A)

230 V (0-5A)

DC

Supply

+ A F

(0-250V) V M

AA

FF

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

DPST FUSE

+ +

100/5A A (0-5A)

A

230 V +

DC

Supply M V (0-30V)

AA

Procedure:

1. Connected the circuit as per the circuit diagram.

2. Keep both field and armature rheostats at minimum position and start the

motor by using starter, and bring to rated speed by adjusting field rheostat.

3. Note down all the meter readings, repeat this by varying armature rheostat.

The field current to be kept constant.

4. Adjust the field to another suitable value and repeat step -3

5. Find the armature resistance by conducting the experiment.

Armature Armature Back Armature

S. Speed Armature

Voltage= Current= EMF Cu loss Stray loss

No N input

Va Ia Eb

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

S. No

N AN+BN2 CM DN2

Calculations:-

Stray losses (Ps)= Mechanical loss + Eddy current loss + Hysterisis loss

At constant normal excitation:

Ps=AN+BN2 +CN+DN2 ----------------------------- (1)

(Ps/N)=(A+C1)+(B+D1)N --------------------------------- (2)

From the graph at two different speeds determine the values of Ps/N, for normal

and reduced excitations and find the values (A+C),(B+D),(A+C1) and (B+D1)

And from these values calculate the values of C-C1,D-D1.

eddy current loss D is proportional to 2. If and are the fluxes corresponding

to the normal and reduced excitation ,the:-

(C/C) = (/)1.6

(D/D) = (/)2 at the same speed

Also,

(/) = (E,E) at any speed.

From the above equations evaluate the equations the constants A,B,C&D. Hence

evaluate the friction, Hysteresis and Eddy current losses at various speeds up to the

rated speed and tabulate the results in the table:-

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Model graphs:-

Y

Normal Excitation

PS / N

3/4 Excitation

O

X

Speed (N)

Ps/N Vs N

Result

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Brake

APPARATUS:

1 Volt meter 0-250V M.C. 1

3 Connecting wires

4 Tachometer 0-9999 digital 1

Circuit Diagram:

(0-20)A 2 point starter

MC

DPST Switch L A

+ +

A

+ S1 S2

230 V V (0-250)V

DC A MC A YY

Supply

M

AA

Fuse

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING Page 46

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

THEORY : DC series motor is having high starting torque and its speed will be

decreases by increasing of load .series motor runs on load only. It implies that the

motor starts only when the load is applied on it. If S1, S2 are spring balance read-

ing force

T= (S1-S2)*G*r

r- brake drum radius

o/p power P=T*W

= 2NT/60

Input power Pin =VIL

efficiency = Pout/Pin*100

PROCEDURE:

2) Apply some load and then switch on DPST switch

3) Take down the readings of N,S1,S2,IL

4) Calculate the efficiency under different loads

5) Plot the graph between o/p and i/p

Efficiency vs o/p

Torque vs IL

Speed vs IL

Speed vs T

PRECAUTIONS:

1) See that before switching on DPST whether some load is applied or not. If not

apply some load

2) Pour water on brake drum whenever you are changing the load

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

TABLE:

CURR (out put power Pout/Pin

ENT power)

1) - - - - - - -

- -

2) - - - - - - -

- -

3) - - - - - - -

- -

Model Graphs

Tsh

Ta

0 X

Ia

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

0 Y

Ia

N vs Ia

Y

Ta

N vs T

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

Y

O/P

vs O/P

RESULT:

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

(0-250V)MC

+

(0-20A)MC V

3 point starter S (0-20A)MC A F

DPST L F A +

A

+ A

+ MC

400/

400/ 1.7A

F 1.7A A A

A 1.7A 230 V

230 1.7A F F

V M G1 G2 F M DC

DC F DPD Supply

A T A A

F OFF F

A F A

F

Fus + Fuse

e Field REV Switch

(0-250V)MC A (0-20A)MC Machine

Machine

+

V

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

AIM:

To run two DC shunts generators in parallel and study the load sharing.

Apparatus:

1 Volt meter 0-250V M.C. 2

3 Rheostat 400/1.7A Wire wound 2

4 Resistive Load 5 KW 1

5 DPDT Switch 2

6 SPST Switch 1

4 Connecting wires

5 Tachometer digital 1

PROCEDURE:

1. Ensure that the paralleling switch S1 is OFF positions .open and the change

over switch S IS IN

2. Start machine NO1 and adjust the field excitation so that it generates the rated

voltage and record the reading.

3. Put switch S in the positon-1 and the gradually increase in the load in the

steps.

4. Note the load current of machine-1 and its terminal voltage.

5. Repeat the step [d] till the machine one is fully loaded.

6. Bring the load to zero and the stop the machine-1.

7. Put change over switch in OFF position. Now start machine-2 and adjust the

voltage to rated value and repeat the steps done for machine-1.

8. Stop the machine and put the change over switch in OFF position.

9. Run both machine keeping parallel switches S1 open.

10. Adjust the voltage each machine to its rated value and if the polarity is correct the

parallel volt meter V2 will read zero if not reverse the polarity of any one machine.

when parallel volt meter reads zero , close the parallel switch S1 by keeping the

ST.MARTINS ENGINEERING COLLEGE ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I LAB MANUAL

change over switch in either voltmeter reads zero , close the parallel switch S1 by

keeping the change over switch in either position 1or 2. Load the machine and note

down the individual machine load current, the total load current and the busbar

voltage.

11. Change the excitation of one of machine and observe the changes in ammeter

readings of each machine.

Observation Table:

Current Bar vol

Gen 1 Gen 2

Result:

- electrical engineering lab reportEnviado porFrancis Paul Santiago
- Retrotfit Ntakl Vzrab Emri 3tx20 Sublx20 Lx20Enviado porSyed Mohammad Naveed
- Flywheel Electric GeneratorEnviado poravaloshe
- CHAPTER 7 Electricity 2016Enviado porPikachu Alsaleh
- wind driven pmsgEnviado porAditi Jaiswal
- plcEnviado porupendra35
- Automotive Technology CurriculumEnviado porlongtrandang5867
- Rr410209 High Voltage EngineeringEnviado porSrinivasa Rao G
- Nikola TeslaEnviado porAle Bustos
- Basics of Wind PowerEnviado porapi-19753598
- 10 kW, 15φ Axial Flux Pancake Generator for 2-Blade WindEnviado porsinanseeker
- Spec Sheet 62 Watt 1Enviado por21st-Century-Goods.com
- Paper 19Enviado porJorge Vasquez
- InTech-Grid Integration of Renewable Energy SystemsEnviado pormsuri
- 5990-5308ENEnviado porPhạm Văn Minh
- 3-CMLT-1033-02 Whisper 200 ManualEnviado porronniedakingpou
- Collection of Articles by Nikola TeslaEnviado porRicardo Dalbosco
- Energy CatalogEnviado porinfinitemind1
- BM5200_DS_en_V01Enviado pordinakaran2020
- Ea5k3 Manual EnEnviado porabuzer1981
- Collection of Articles by Nikola TeslaEnviado porStefan Dragicevic
- Secret Life of Capacitors CopyEnviado porAni Vin
- Nikola Tesla - A New System of Alternate Current Motors and TransformersEnviado porzikibruno
- ss5k3-manual.pdfEnviado pormarvin17
- Collection of Articles by Nikola Tesla.pdfEnviado porJorge
- Collection of Articles by Nikola Tesla.pdfEnviado porTravis McGee
- Energy conversionEnviado porRizwan 106
- mnEnviado porkeshav rana
- 4 enerconEnviado porAubrey Tanjueco Valdecantos
- Aiche-23-024Enviado porAna Carolina Raybolt

- UPS System Selection, Installation, AndEnviado porHussain
- MAX845 Isolated Transformer Driver for PCMCIA Applications - MaximEnviado porRamKumar
- Energy Harvesting From Exercise Machines_ Bike Buck-Boost ConverterEnviado porRamKumar
- File-1389589711Enviado porAmbuj Maurya
- Solid State Overcurrent JournalEnviado porRamKumar
- Understanding Smart SensorsEnviado porakshirasagar
- Bidirectional AC-DC Converter for Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G) ApplicationsEnviado porRamKumar
- Ac Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor - Buy Ac Electric Motors,Permanent Magnet Ac Motor,Electric Motor Product on AlibabaEnviado porRamKumar
- Microsoft Word - 66Enviado porRamKumar
- 00993267Enviado porRamKumar
- PC-based Heart Rate Monitor Using Arduino and Easy Pulse Sensor - Embedded LabEnviado porRamKumar
- DSPACE Power-Electronis and Electric-Drives 2016 English1Enviado porRamKumar
- Bridge Rectifier - Definition, Construction and WorkingEnviado porRamKumar
- Microsoft Word - Lab 1 - HandoutEnviado porRamKumar
- Guide and Basics About PhotoVoltaic Off-grid Solar SystemsEnviado porRamKumar
- 4 Power Supplies Voltage RegulatorsEnviado porDenisse Torizo Olan
- Photovoltaic Grid-Connected Flyback Micro Inverter and Boost MPPT Integrated to Street Lighting Based on LEDsEnviado porRamKumar
- [1991]DSP Based Space Vector PWM for Three-Level Inverter With DC-Link Voltage BalancingEnviado porZhanat Kappasov
- 06205354Enviado porMahendiran Cr
- programming_pic_microcontrollers.pdfEnviado porRamKumar
- 1305-8791-1-PBEnviado porRamKumar
- Evaluation and DSP Based Implementation of PWM Approaches for Sin.pdfEnviado porRamKumar
- AFIFAH_BINTI_ALIREnviado porRamKumar
- Software Steps F2812Enviado porRamKumar
- Analysis Simulation and DSP Based Implementation of Asymmetric TEnviado porRamKumar
- LT8490 - High Voltage, High Current Buck-Boost Battery Charge Controller With Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)Enviado porRamKumar
- AN461Enviado porRamKumar
- 12v Battery Charger Circuit With Auto Cut Off - Circuits GalleryEnviado porRamKumar
- Electromagnetic FloaterEnviado porRamKumar
- Hi-tech Pic C ManualEnviado porasdemirli

- 2965aEnviado porThắng Bùi Ngọc
- Rotary ScrubberEnviado porTamal Tanu Roy
- Content - Moodle 2 With Microsoft TechnologiesEnviado poralex_pearce
- Associate Data Analytics-Most Demanded CourseEnviado poruserabaz
- Design of Propulsion Systems for High-Speed Craft - Blount, Bartee 1997Enviado porLeandro Meili
- ARDS Implants CatalogEnviado porNicole Dediu
- Sara Tangdall case study.docxEnviado pormalti j
- Calculation for Septic TankEnviado pornewnse2008
- Bolt Tensioning, Torquing and TighteningEnviado porpower125
- BurundiEnviado porAnonymous FHYNiB
- ARM Cortex Portfolio - Public Version - 2113Enviado porDhansseka
- Classification & Certification of OSVs @ IDEC 2014 - May 2014Enviado porIonut Ardeleanu
- BS IEC 60079-33-2012Enviado porBilal Qasim
- Observations and FindingsEnviado porJustin Mark Agting
- Atomic StructureEnviado porDr. Shaji tele
- FontographerTutorialEnviado porJorge Langley
- Final AssignmentEnviado pormicahgaffney
- APC Essential Surge Arrest 5-Outlet Surge Protector with Phone ProtectionEnviado porWebAntics.com Online Shopping Store
- Tomasello&Herron1989Enviado porNenad Antic
- Kelley Specialty Dock Levelers BrochureEnviado porModern Group, ltd
- PetroMod 2012 2 PetroReport UserGuideEnviado porMohammed Rafique
- 1 Building DancingEnviado porAhmed
- EHE 300 Unit Plan (Stress Management)Enviado porKris Heshka
- Asme b30.5 Interpretations 2015Enviado porcesquimon
- RozaimiMohdNoorMFKA2009Enviado porchin_kb
- Conjunctive Adverbs (B2 - C1)Enviado porGildaEnxer
- Mini Project DatabaseEnviado porSyahriman Osman
- Mecschsyll 17 SchemeEnviado porpachiedu
- Format for DPRTEnviado porRazul Bala Darangina
- Satprem Man.pdfEnviado porJava Arab

## Muito mais do que documentos

Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras.

Cancele quando quiser.