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English Department English 10

Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL

INTEGRATED TOEFL LESSON # 1


Name: __Van____________________________________________________________ Score:
_____
I. Vocabulary
A. Verbs
Find out the meaning of the following underlined
words:
1. They are also so docile that humans often swim with them without
concern, snapping photographs of their incredible size.
2. Commercial fishermen have known for some time that tuna, along
with many other species of fish, congregate around objects drifting on the
ocean surface.
3. Fishermen often build floating structures called FADs, or fish-
aggregating devices, to attract tuna to an area, allowing them to capitalize
on this behavior.
4. This led some fishermen to deploy nets around a whale shark to
capture tuna swimming beneath it.
5. To protect whale sharks from this harm, the Inter-American Tropical
Tuna Commission (IATTC) adopted a resolution

B. Use one of the underlined verbs above in a sentence.

______The teacher asks his students to congregate in front of the class.___


_
II. Reading
Whale sharks are among the largest living fish in the world -- weighing up to
40,000 pounds and 40 feet in length. They are also so docile that humans often swim
with them without concern, snapping photographs of their incredible size.
But it is exactly their enormous bulk that had an international commission
adopt restrictions protecting them from impacts associated with the international tuna
purse seine fishing in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO).
Commercial fishermen have known for some time that tuna, along with many
other species of fish, congregate around objects drifting on the ocean surface.
Fishermen often build floating structures called FADs, or fish-aggregating devices, to
attract tuna to an area, allowing them to capitalize on this behavior. Using FADs
makes the job of finding and encircling the tuna in the purse seine nets much more
efficient.
Fishermen also learned that whale sharks are so large that they naturally attract
tuna, much like a FAD. This led some fishermen to deploy nets around a whale shark
to capture tuna swimming beneath it. In many of the cases, the encircled whale shark
was also caught in the net and injured or died.

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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL

To protect whale sharks from this harm, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna
Commission (IATTC) adopted a resolution, by consensus, in 2013 prohibiting the
placement of a purse seine net around whale sharks and requiring the release of whale
sharks unharmed in the event that they are inadvertently encircled by a net.

A. Identify what is asked for in the table below.

PROBLEM Whale sharks are caught in the net placed by tuna fishermen.

CAUSE The fishermen knows that tuna will gather around large objects
such as the whale sharks so they placed their nets around them.
EFFECT The whale sharks that are caught in the net are injured or died.

SOLUTION The IATTC created a rule preventing the fisherman from placing
the nets
around and harming the whale sharks.

B. Highlight your answers with any color that you prefer.

1. The word docile in line 2 is closest in meaning to


a) cute
b) cruel
c) tame
d) kind
2. The word their in line 4 refers to
a) whale sharks
b) human
c) fishermen
d) tuna
3. Which of the following reasons that the author mentioned for protecting
Whale sharks?
a) They are too big
b) They are endangered species
c) They scare people
d) They eat all tuna
4. The word congregate in line 8 is closest in meaning to
a) attract
b) gather
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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL

c) separate
d) distribute
5. The floating structure that helps in catching tuna is called
a) NADs
b) FADs
c) net
d) anchor
6. The word attract in line 12 is closest in meaning to
a) catch
b) support
c) gets attention
d) pretty
7. What does the author mention about what fishermen learned from Whale
sharks?
a) They eat tuna.
b) They gather tuna.
c) They attract tuna.
d) They are enormous.
8. The word deploy in line 13 is closest in meaning to
a) mobilize
b) move
c) swim
d) throw
9. Which of the following would likely be get injured or killed when fishermen
catch tuna?
a) coral
b) shark
c) whale shark
d) jellyfish
10. Which of the following statements does the passage support?
a) To protect the whale shark, IACCT made a rule to prevent fishermen
from using nets to catch tuna.
b) To protect Whale sharks from extinction, IACCT allowed fishermen to
use nets in catching tuna.
c) The IACCT helped the injured Whale sharks caught by fishermans
nets by curing them.
d) The IACCT allowed the organization to take care of Whale sharks by
adopting them.

III. Structure
THAT Clause: Study the examples below:
1. They are also so docile that humans often swim with them without
concern, snapping photographs of their incredible size.
2. But it is exactly their enormous bulk that had an international
commission adopt restrictions protecting them from impacts associated
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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL

with the international tuna purse seine fishing in the Eastern Pacific Ocean
(EPO).
3. Fishermen also learned that whale sharks are so large that they
naturally attract tuna, much like a FAD.
4. To protect whale sharks from this harm, the Inter-American Tropical
Tuna Commission (IATTC) adopted a resolution, by consensus, in 2013
prohibiting the placement of a purse seine net around whale sharks and
requiring the release of whale sharks unharmed in the event that they are
inadvertently encircled by a net.

USES and PATTERNS of THAT-CLAUSE:


1. Use as a direct object and to show cause and effect
2. To signal that Noun clause is to follow
3. Pattern: V + that clause
4. Pattern: ADJ + that clause
5. Phrases: in the event that / But that / sothat

A. Identify the uses of THAT-CLAUSES in each of the following sentence.

1. They are also so docile that


humans often swim with them
without concern, snapping
photographs of their incredible
size.
2. But it is exactly their enormous
bulk that had an international
commission adopt restrictions
protecting them from impacts
associated with the international
tuna purse seine fishing in the
Eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO).
3. Fishermen also learned that
whale sharks are so large that
they naturally attract tuna, much
like a FAD.
4. To protect whale sharks from
this harm, the Inter-American Tropical
Tuna Commission (IATTC) adopted a
resolution, by consensus, in 2013
prohibiting the placement of a purse
seine net around whale sharks and
requiring the release of whale sharks
unharmed in the event that they are
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English Department English 10
Prepared by: Abel M. Cadias, MA-ESL

inadvertently encircled by a net.

B. Write your own example of THAT-CLAUSE using the following uses and
patterns as your guide.

5. Use as a direct
object

6.To signal that


Noun clause is to
follow

7.Pattern: V +
that clause

8.Pattern: ADJ + The light was so bright that someone could get blinded.
that clause

9.Phrases: in the
event that / But
that / sothat