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Project Title:

Building Resilience of Marginalized Farming


Communities in Upland Areas through
Establishment of Micro-catchment Water Harvesting
System

Submitted under the:

Joint UN World Food Programme/UN-Habitat Initiative on


Philippine Cities and Climate Change Adaptation

Project Proponent:

City Government of Davao

Project Focal Person:

Roberto Alabado III


OIC City Planning and Development Officer

Total Project Cost: Php 3,610,100

WFP Assistance: Php 2,988,100.00


City Counterpart: Php622, 000.00
Building Resilience of Marginalized Farming Communities in Upland Areas through 2
Establishment of Micro-catchment Water Harvesting System

1.0 Project Rationale

The initial results of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment (V&AA) of Davao
City revealed that the City is vulnerable to particular climate change effects and
challenges including sea level rise, flooding and rain-induced landslides, which is
being triggered by the increase in temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns with
short periods of heavy rainfall during the rainy season and droughts during the dry
season being a common occurrence.

From 1981 to 2010, the mean temperature of Davao City is recorded at 27.9C. The
average maximum temperature was found to be around 31.9C. The hottest month is
April, which recorded a mean maximum temperature of 33.0C. Meanwhile, the
coldest months are January and February, which was recorded to have lowest mean
minimum temperature of 23.3C. Further, climate projections of PAGASA reveal that
the City will experience an increase in the average temperature between 0.9 to 1.1C
by 2020 and up to 2.3C in 2050. This is approximately 28.2C and 29.28C in 2020
and 2050, respectively. On the other hand, a significant increase in the precipitation
rate and the number of rainy days in Davao City was also observed in the past two
decades. The average monthly rainfall from 1981 to 2010 is highest during the month
of June with 207.7 mm. and lowest in the month of March with 92.3 mm.
Meanwhile, the projected precipitation change in 2020 is 385.14 mm and 372.88 mm
in 2050. Generally, a decrease in rainfall is expected during from the months of
March to November while a rainfall increase is likely during northeast monsoon
(December to February) season, where the projection for 2020 registered a greater
(18.1mm) rainfall volume compared to 2050 (15.2mm). For the past three decades,
there were only 109 days that registered a temperature of 35C and greater. PAGASA
projections revealed it to increase to 2,981 days and 5,373 days in 2020 and 2050,
respectively. Further, the current observation of dry days for the same time period
have reached 7,930 while the projected figure is 4,789 days in 2020 and is expected
to increase to 5,368 days in 2050.

1.1 Climate Change Impacts on Upland Communities

The V&AA revealed 47 barangays in the agricultural zones of upland areas as


vulnerable to rain-induced landslides. Climate Change in the upland regions of
Davao City is manifested in increased occurrences of natural disasters, increased
land degradation in the upper and mid elevations, and reduced agricultural
productivity, thus, affecting the livelihood systems and food security in the
community. These problems are attributed to both temperature increase and changes
in rainfall patterns, and short periods of heavy precipitation.

The project seeks to address the impacts of climate-induced hazards; particularly


landslides which are most often triggered by heavy and continuous rainfall or by
human activity that affects the original slope stability. Rain-induced Landslides often
happen in the mountainous regions of Davao City. From 2002-2008, a total of 10
landslide occurrences were recorded in the City, four of which happened in 2002
affecting a total of 2,694 families.

The general topography of Davao City coupled with the generally wet climate,
denudation of upland forest and kaingin practices makes the City prone to rain-
induced landslide. Initial V&AA findings also revealed some related stressors as well
as social and environmental conditions that aggravate the landslide situation in
Davao City. This includes forest denudation, illegal cutting of trees, unregulated
quarrying activities in Talomo River, river siltation due to severe erosion on
production areas (crop plantation) in upland communities, unregulated ground
water extraction for residential and commercial use, and unplanned settlements
development or sprout of high end subdivisions in upland areas without proper
regulation and maintenance of drainage and sewerage systems.

Rain-induced landslides can cause disruption of mobility and damage to properties.


In the upland areas of Davao City, one major impact of landslide is reduction of
vegetation cover, Out of 39,365 hectares of forest cover; around 28,163 hectares are
classified as either highly or very highly susceptible to landslide. Decrease in the
forest cover also affects the capacity of land to hold rainwater, which increases the
risk to flooding / flashfloods. The amount of rain that can be absorbed per hectare
will be drastically reduced which increases the risk to low-lying communities. Aside
from this, soil fertility is also reduced, if not lost due to the dislodgment of topsoil.
This would impair the regenerative capacity of the forest, hence affecting the rate of
agricultural production and in a larger picture, the livelihood of the people. This
could have a greater and long-term impact on the habitat of wildlife and so with the
capacity of the forest to absorb carbon dioxide.

The biophysical effects of climate change have adverse impacts on the functioning
and well-being of upland communities as they affect the social and economic systems
that are central to human existence. For a highly urbanized city like Davao, which is
empowered by its major industries and commercial establishments, smallholder
farmers are the most vulnerable to climate change, and they have no alternative but
to adapt their livelihood systems to changing climatic conditions.

1.2 Vulnerability of Upland Farmers to Climate-induced Hazards

The impacts of climate change are being experienced by all farmers in Davao City.
However, rain-dependent upland farming communities exhibit higher vulnerability
due to their low adaptive capacity and higher sensitivity of their livelihood systems to
climatic drivers. They also have fewer social or economic safety nets, such as
insurance and strong farmer organizations, that are easily accessed by irrigated
farmers.
Aside from the apparent effects on productivity of rain-fed farms, changes in rainfall
patterns and occurrence of extreme rainfall events aggravates the hazard conditions
in upland areas. This includes the increased risk of landslide occurrence in the upper
and middle catchments due to increased one or two-day heavy precipitation events,
increased extent and severity of erosion and land degradation, and increased risk of
flash flooding in the downstream districts due to unusual monsoon precipitation.

Soil conservation and water resources management strategy is thus a key to ensuring
that agricultural production can withstand the stresses caused by climate change.
Further, specific adaptation measure on landslide risk reduction shall be undertaken
by increasing the vegetative cover in the upland areas and reducing the losses in
forest cover.

2.0 Project Description

The project targets rain-dependent farming families in the upland communities of


Barangay New Valencia (Sitio Luman) and Barangay Talandang (Sitio Bonggan),
landslide prone and drought affected areas identified through the V&AA. The project
aims to build the resilience of marginalized farming communities (rain-dependent
farmers) against climate change impacts and climate-induced hazards such as
landslides and flash floods by securing livelihoods and food security in the vulnerable
upland areas.

The project will apply the Upland Micro-Catchment Water Harvesting Technology as
an essential and indigenous technique of utilizing upland slopes to naturally catch
the rainwater. Spring water is available but it is being utilized as potable water in the
communities/surface water is limited during the dry period and it needs to lift and
utilize it for the upland agriculture. This technology will be integrated in the widely
used Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT) as comprehensive approach in
ensuring upland environmental ecosystem protection and management. It is
considered as a good water management method as it addresses soil erosion
problems and river siltation and serves as supplementary irrigation for upland
agriculture to increase vegetation cover, enhance crop production and food
availability and reduce occurrences of rain induced landslides.

Water harvesting is a broad term covering the various techniques to collect rainwater
from natural terrains or modified areas and concentrating it for use on smaller sites
or cultivated fields to assure economic crop yields. This is basically designed to
provide supplemental or lifesaving irrigation to crops, especially during the periods
of moisture stress. Farm ponds or micro-catchment also greatly help in sediment
collection, which contain valuable plant nutrients. The collected silt could be best
used as a source of plant nutrient to the crops grown in dry lands. This kind of
nutrients harvesting for re use for crop production is useful when the rainfall
intensity is very high. The water can also be harvested to recharge the ground water
through the percolation ponds in a sequence on drainage line. A depleting water
table and a rise in soil acidity due to overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has
made matters serious.

Further, this project is consistent with the existing local ordinances such as
Watershed Code and Rain Water Harvesting Ordinance. The Watershed Code of
Davao City mandates for the protection, conservation and sustainable management
of watershed areas while Rain Water Harvesting Ordinance provides for proper
harvesting, storage and utilization of rain water.

Project implementation activities include IEC and capacity building activities of


farmer beneficiaries and other stakeholders, actual digging of micro basins,
establishment of contour lines, planting of various crops, monitoring, documentation
and assessment.

An added feature of the project is the installation of an Automated Weather Station


(AWS) in the project site that will monitor rainfall, humidity and temperature of the
project site. The AWS will provide local data that will also be incorporated in the data
of Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and will be accessible online thru
their website.

2.1 Project Goals and Objectives

The overall goal of the project is to build the resilience of marginalized farming
communities against climate change impacts and climate-induced hazards such as
landslides and flash floods by securing livelihoods and food security in the vulnerable
upland areas.

Specific Objectives

1. To improve water availability and vegetation cover using climate adaptive soil
conservation and water management strategy to contribute to slope
stabilization in two upland farming barangays of Valencia and Talandang.
2. To promote a diversified or multi-cropping system to contribute to crop
production and food availability in upland areas.
3. To build community capacity and awareness on sustainable soil and water
conservation, use of climate data for agricultural production and rainwater
harvesting.
2.2 Project Location

The identified project site is Barangay New Valencia (Sitio Luman) and Barangay
Talandang (Sitio Bonggan), a landslide prone and drought affected with total land
area of 954.1 hectares and a population of 1,516 as of May 2010 census. The main
livelihood of the people is upland agriculture. Below are some pictures from the
project site.

Of the total land area of Davao City, it is noted that 27% has a slope of 18% and
above. The project site is identified to have rolling to moderate steep slope ranging
from 18-30%. Thus, the project will be implemented in a moderately steep slope area
where the upland farming communities are located. The figure below is a portion of
the Slope Map of Davao City showing the topography of the target barangays that
ranges from very steep to level.
Barangay New Valencia and Talandang are also identified as landslide prone areas
with moderate to high level of susceptibility. Below is also the Landslide
Susceptibility Map.
2.3 Target Beneficiaries

Below is the breakdown of the project direct and indirect upland community
beneficiaries in Barangay New Valencia (Sitio Luman) and Barangay Talandang
(Sitio Bonggan).

No. of hectares of Forty (40) Owned by private individuals


upland covered by mostly under CARP.
the project
No. of direct At least Direct beneficiaries refer to those
beneficiaries forty (40) landowners of the forty (40) hectares
farming land covered by the project.
households
No. of indirect At least Indirect beneficiaries refer to those who
beneficiaries Four will be hired as workers for the
hundred establishment of micro-basins, contour
(400) lines and planting of seedlings.Other
beneficiaries will include the
participants of various capacity building
activities.
No. of households At least 220 If every household has 5members, the
household number of beneficiaries will increase
beneficiarie into 1,100 community members.
s
No. of Women At least
beneficiaries 30% of the
total
No. of Men At least
beneficiaries 70% of the
total

A. Sitio Luman, New Valencia, Tugbok District, Davao City

Purok 5,6,7
Number of Household 182 HH
Elementary School 1
Day Care Center 1
Community Gym 1
Hanging bridge 1
Community Chapel 1
Crops Planted: Area(hectares)
Banana 20
Coconut 18.25
Mango 30
Corn 2.0
Lanzones 8.0
Cacao 5.0
Vegetables 5.0
Rainfed rice .5
Durian 1.5
Coffee 2.0
Forest 3.0
Idle land 10.0

B. Sitio Bonggan, Talandang, Tugbok District

Purok Saging & Marang


Number of Household 101 HH
Elementary School 1
DayCare Center 1
School Mini Gym 1
Hanging bridge 1 120 m.
Community Chapel 1
Multipurpose Drying
2 units
pavement
Barangay Food Terminal 1

Crops Planted: Area(hectares)


Banana 25
Rambutan .5
Coconut 8.0
Mango 3.0
Corn 5.8
Lanzones 5.0
Cacao 10
Vegetables 10.7
Rainfed rice 6
Durian 2.0
Coffee 4.0
Forest 3.0
Idle land 10.0

These two identified barangays comprises three different terrains, flat along Davao
River, rolling to steep slope, and a plateau. The flat area was previously planted with
Banana Cavendish while the slope side was underdeveloped and planted with corn
and other cash crops. There were few numbers of fruit trees and open areas which
are very visible on top.

2.4 Project Components


The main components of the project include pre-project implementation activities,
IEC and capacity building of farmer beneficiaries and other stakeholders, actual
digging of micro-basins, actual planting of various crops using SALT, installation of
AWS, project monitoring, assessment and reporting.

A. Pre-project implementation activities this component pertains to the


initial activities of the implementation which include MOU formulation,
approval and signing, project design formulation based on the approved
proposal and project launching. This will be done in the first two to three
weeks of the project implementation.

B. IEC and capacity building activitiesMost of the activities in this


component will be conducted in the project site. Specific activities include:
Courtesy meeting with barangay councils of New Valencia and Talandang.
Community ocular surveys and listing of actual beneficiaries
Project orientation with direct farmer beneficiaries
Training of farmer beneficiaries on Micro- Catchment Technology and
SALT
Training on Disaster Preparedness which will be done in the first and
second month of project implementation.

C. Procurement of materials and seedlingsSpecific activities include:


Attending the Bids and Awards Committee
Purchase of materials and seedlings
Formulation of project design and attendance to BAC will be conducted in
the first and second months of the implementation.
Purchase of materials and seedlings will be done in the second and third
month depending on the release of the approved budget.

D. Actual Implementation of UMCT, SALT and multi-croppingThe


project is expected to cover forty (40) hectares of upland area with a minimum
of 400 actual micro-basins dug out. The number of basins will depend on the
topography of the area. This will be done by the direct forty (40) farmer
beneficiaries and four hundred (400) indirect beneficiaries. Establishment of
contours will be conducted before the actual digging and planting.
Upland Micro-catchment Technology integrated with the Sloping Agricultural Technology

The 40 hectares rehabilitation and 4 kilometers stretch river bank


stabilization project will concentrate in the upland communities within the
watershed area of Davao River. In particular, this will be implemented from
the upland of Barangay New Valencia and Talanadang down to the Davao
River. This project will be the first ever LGU initiated project utilizing the
combined technologies mentioned earlier.

Another good feature of this project is the application of multi-cropping


system which means various crops (annual and perennial crops) will be
utilized to increase vegetative cover from slope down to the river bank. The
proposed 40 hectares will have 40 kilograms of Rhinzoni or Flamengia,
15,000 Cacao and 10,000 rubber seedlings requirements at average 4x4 meter
spacing to cover the target area for development. Moreover, 1,000 bamboo,
1,000 Lanzones and 700 coconut palms will be planted along the 4 kilometer
bank of the river. These planting materials will be procured from accredited
supplier to fast tract the project implementation. While waiting for the
perennial crops to bear fruits, spaces between the contour lines and trees will
be planted with suitable annual crops (upland rice, corn, vegetables, etc.) to
produce food for home consumption and additional source of income of the
farm households (excess produce for the local market).

For 1 m x 1m x 1m micro basin, an estimated 0.5 cubic meter or equivalent to


50% of its total capacity will be retained. This water will help in maintaining
the moisture of the upland and will ensure water supply for the planted crops
during dry season. It takes a week, but moisture underground extend longer
due to the improvement of ground water table through the introduction of
micro basin.

For the river bank development, three strips of plants will be planted in
one side of the river with average spacing of 4x4 meter will be set up to make
the river bank stable for possible ground movement and minimize siltation .
The first strip will be composed of bamboo plants followed by lanzones and
then coconut palms. Bamboo is recommended for this project considering its
root system and growing pattern that is effective in mitigating massive ground
movement. Fruit trees on the other hand are for livelihood consideration for
the host community while maintaining the ecological benefits that plants can
provide.

Having fruit trees and rubber trees as the major plant components of the
project is to ensure that targeted beneficiaries will not cut the plants in the
future for commodities instead by just harvesting the fruits and rubber latex
as source of income. Planting of hedgerows (Rhinzoni or Flamengia) along
contour (SALT) helps prevent soil erosion and the leaves are potential source
nitrogen. For this reason, the project serves both economic enhancements of
beneficiaries while maintaining the ecological importance that plants
provides.

An early warning system will also be installed in the project site in


coordination of the Ateneo de Davao University that is currently
implementing a project on automated weather stations. This will be done
including site preparation in the third to fifth month of project
implementation. Community awareness activities will also be organized to
ensure that communities can be involved in the collection, monitoring and
utilization of the data.

E. Project Monitoring this component will be regularly done by the CPDO,


TWG and WMMT in coordination with CENRO and CAO during and after
project implementation. Actual visits will be done at least once a month in the
project site. Assessment with project beneficiaries and other stakeholders will
be done in the barangay which will be integrated in the final report of the
project to be submitted at the end of the project term.

F. Evaluation
3.0 Project Objectives, Activities, Outputs and Outcomes

Objectives Activities Outputs Outcomes

1. To improve A1:Conduct Technical Updated baseline


water technical assessment on biophysical profile
availability assessment for proposal locations on Brgy. Valencia
and the locations of and Talandang on
vegetation micro-basin water, soil , slope,
cover using and vegetation
climate conditions
adaptive soil
conservation
and water
management
strategy in
two upland
farming
barangays.

Project 40 farming Household


Orientation with household beneficiaries
40 direct farmer beneficiaries maintain use and
household oriented sustain the micro-
beneficiaries basins

Establish micro- 400 micro-basins Improved


basins in 40 built availability and
hectares of retention of water
upland area supply for
agricultural and
domestic uses.

Reduced run-off
leading to
downstream
flooding

2. To promote a Establish multi- 40 hectares of Improved


diversified or cropping system upland areas vegetative cover
multi- of permanent planted with and soil condition
cropping trees permanent crops of the area
system to and annual
contribute to
soil Established contour
Determine lines for appropriate Reduced run-off of
stabilization contour lines location for planting soil erosion
established in
the 40 hectares

Plant annual Annual crops Increased


crops planted in between household income
contour lines and available food
supply for upland
household
beneficiaries

Set up an Installed 1 Baseline climate


automated automated weather data (rainfall,
weather station station temperature,
humidity) in the
project sites

2 Training of 50 farmers trained Farmers practice


Trainers for on SALT and UMC technology to
farmer maintain the
beneficiaries on established
the multi- cropping system
cropping system and SALT (e.g,
and SALT contour line
(micro-basin) establishment)
maintenance

Develop Guidelines Community


guideline for developed and pre- technical
community use, tested guidelines adopted
replacement and by barangays and
maintenance farmer
beneficiaries
3. To build Develop IEC on IEC materials Community
community climate change developed members are
capacity and and soil and aware of the
awareness on water impacts of climate
sustainable conservation change
soil and water
conservation,
use of climate
data for
agricultural
production,
and natural
and climate
induced
hazards
Document Documented good Good practices are
farming practices of selected disseminated and
beneficiary farming households shared good
practices on practices to
UMC and SALT stakeholders and
other farmers

Establish 3 community Facilities are used


community monitors identified and maintained
monitoring and trained by and baseline data
system for UMC, CENRO/CAO/CPD is updated
SALT and AWS O

This adaptation project will produce short term outputs and long term outcomes to
the upland communities of Davao City as a response to the adverse impacts of
climate change.

3.1 Summary of Outcomes

3.1. Mid to Long Term

In the target locations project outcomes will deliver a number of specific


environmental benefits including the following:

Enhanced water availability for rain-fed farming households.


Reduced surface water run-off, sedimentation, and river siltation from
establishment and maintenance of multi-cropping system and micro-basins.
Increased vegetation cover of upland farms and catchment areas, contributing
to (a) improved micro-climate; (b) improved soil structure; (c) increased
biodiversity; (d) improved the soil water holding capacity; and (e) the quality
and availability of water resources for target community.
Improved slope stability, contributing to reduced landslide risks.
Enhanced capacity of farmer beneficiaries in adopting and replicating
sustainable water and soil conservation technologies.
Enhanced availability of food crops in upland areas.
Updated baseline data on climate and biophysical profile of the project areas.

4.0 Project Management

The main proponents of the project are the local government agencies such as City
Environment and Natural Resource Office (CENRO) and City Agriculture Office
(CAO). These two agencies are mandated to ensure natural resources and
environmental protection as well as to implement programs and projects in support
to the socio-economic needs of farmers and the whole agriculture sector. Below is the
implementing structure of the project.

City Mayor's
Office

Technical Working Group


CPDO, CENRO, CAO, MinLand
and IDIS, ADDU

City ENRO - Atty. Joseph Felizarta / Forester Rod Bustillo


City Agriculturist's Office - Val Turtur/ Joselito Tabora
and Engr. Roy Carin

Capacity Building
Project Monitoring team
IEC Team Team
Implementation CPDO,WMC and Watershed
TWG, Watershed TWG,CENRO, CAO team Multi-partite Monitoring
Management Council and Technical
CENRO and CAO Team
Consultant/s

The project implementation will be under the supervision of the City Mayors Office.
The project conceptualization went through series of discussions with the TWG
members. The TWG is composed of a multi-sectoral group that participated in the
Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Workshops conducted by the UN Habitat
and World Food Programme (WFP) since November 2012. The TWG composition
includes representatives from the local government agencies like City Planning and
Development Office (CPDO), City Environment and Natural Resources Office
(CENRO), and City Agriculturists Office (CAO). Civil Society Organizations were
represented by Mindanao Land Foundation and Interface Development
Interventions (IDIS) Incorporated. IDIS also sits the CSOs representative to the
Watershed Management Council. The lead proponents and implementers of the
project will be CENRO and CAO. The diagram above shows that CENRO and CAO
will be represented by Technical persons whose fields of expertise are agroforestry
and agriculture. A Technical Consultant will also be hired if necessary to assist in
providing capacity building activities as well as in the actual implementation of the
project.

Since the targeted location is the upland communities in the watershed are of Davao
River, the Watershed Management Council will also be directly engaged in the
implementation in coordination with the main proponents. In particular, WMC will
assist in the IEC activities, orientation of farmer beneficiaries, and monitoring of the
project. The Watershed Multi-partite Monitoring, a committee organized and
mandated also by the Watershed Code will do the actual monitoring during and after
project implementation.

The farmers and their organization (both sitios have organized and functional
organizations) will maintain the project to serve as show window to other farmers in
the upland. They will submit periodic report for evaluation and provide additional
materials/inputs which are needed in the project. Their area will serve as their
counterpart to the project.
Table 1. Project Implementation Work Plan

PROJECT COMPONENT Month 1 Month 2 Month 3 Month 4 Month 5 Month 6

Component A. Pre-project implementation Activities


Activity 1.Formulation
of MOU
Activity 2 MOU
Signing and Project
launch
Component B. IEC and Organizing Activities
Activity 1. Courtesy
Meetings with
Barangay Council of
New Valencia and
Talandang
Activity 2. Project
Orientation with 40
direct farmer
beneficiaries
Activity 3. Training of
Trainers of farmer
beneficiaries on UMCT
and SALT
Activity 4. Training on
Climate Change and
Disaster Preparedness
and Risk Reduction.
Activity 5: IEC
materials development
for UMC, SALT, AWS
Activity 6: Document
good soil and water
conservation practices
of farming households
in the project areas
Component C. Procurement of materials for the project.
Activity 1. Submit
materials for purchase
to LCF
Activity 2. Attend BAC
meeting
Activity 3. Actual
Purchase of materials
Component D. Implementation of UMCT, SALT and multi-cropping system; installation of AWS
A1.Technical
assessment of project
sites
A2. Installation of an
automated weather
station device
Activity 3. Actual
digging
Activity 4.
Establishment of
contours
Activity 5. Actual
planting of seedlings
Component E. Project Monitoring, Assessment and Reporting
Activity 1. Regular
Monitoring of the
project
implementation/Ident
ification of community
monitors
Activity. 2 Project
Assessment
Activity 3. Report
Writing and
submission to WFP
4.1 Stakeholder Participation

The project implementation will ensure community participation in IEC


activities, project orientation, implementation and monitoring. In the
barangay level, there will be an official adoption of the project in a form of
resolution and ordinance. This will go through a process of consultation with
the barangay councils and other community leaders. The project will also
ensure that upland farmers will conduct regular monitoring and reporting to
the Watershed Multi-partite Monitoring Team.

4.2 Sustainability Plan

To ensure sustainability, a formal adoption will be required from the City to


the barangay level. A Memorandum of Understanding will be signed between
the Davao City LGU and World Food Programme to ensure that this project is
officially accepted by the LGU. This project will also be integrated in
Watershed Management Program and Projects of the Watershed Management
Council as well as to the specific programs of CENRO and CAO. The
Baranagay Councils of Brgy. New Valencia and Brgy. Talandang will also be
required to pass a resolution and ordinance adopting the project. Community
empowerment and ownership of the project is ensured through participatory
planning and execution of project activities. The focal community-based
organization at local level will be the Farmer Organization (FO).

4.3 Risks to Successful Project Implementation

Risks in the project implementation includes the following: (a) bureaucracy,


which results to long process of fund disbursement and procurement in LGU;
(b) election ban for fund disbursements; and (c) erratic weather condition and
response of barangay local government to the project. Another important
consideration is changes in leadership by the concerned agencies especially if
the new leadership will not be supportive of the project.

4.4 Project Monitoring and Evaluation


The project monitoring will be done by the TWG, and Watershed Multi-partite
Monitoring Team. Regular monthly ocular visits and meetings will be
conducted. The installation of the automated weather station in the project
site will also help in monitoring the volume and intensity of rainfall. The data
generated from the station can be utilized in assessing the project
implementation. A post-evaluation shall be conducted before and after the
end of the project to ensure project sustainability.

4.5 Budgetary Requirements

Table 3: Budget Plan

PROJECT COMPONENT WFP Assistance


Component A. Pre-Project Implementation
Activity 1. Formulation of MOU
Activity 2 MOU Signing and Project launch
Project Launching
Food 200 x 50pax (media and stakeholders) 10,00
Component B. IEC and Organizing Activities 200,000.00 50,0
Activity 1. Courtesy Meetings with Barangay
Councilof New Valencia and Talandang 8,000
Food 15 WMC and TWG members x 200
=3,000.00
Transportation Fuel = 5,000.00
Activity 2. Project Orientation with 40 direct farmer 15,000
beneficiaries
60 (beneficiaries, TWG and WMC reps) x 200 =
12,000.00
Transportation 3,000
Activity 3. Training of Trainers of farmer 51,000
beneficiaries on UMCT and SALT
60 participants x 200 x 3days = 36,000.00
(1) Technical Resource Person = 15,000.00
Activity 4. Training on Disaster Preparedness and 46,000
Risk Reduction and Climate Change
60 participants x 200 x 3days = 36,000.00
(2) Resource Persons = 10,000.00
Activity 5: IEC materials on Climate Change and Soil 50,000.00 30,0
and Water Conservation
Activity 6: Developed Guidelines on UMC and SALT 30,000.00 20,0
Component C. Procurement of materials for 1,664,000.00
the project.
Activity 1. Submit materials for purchase to LCF
Activity 2. Attend BAC meeting
Activity 3. Actual Purchase of materials - 1,000 Bamboo at 60 Php/culm =
A. Seedlings: 60,000.00
- 1,000 Grafted Lanzonez 3rd Flashing at
50Php/seedlings = 50,000.00
- 700 Coconut at 60 Php/palm =
42,000.00
- 15,000 Grafted Cacao 3rd Flashing at
P50 /seedlings = 750,000.00
- 1o,000 Rubber 3rd Flashing at 60
Php/seedlings=600,000.00
-40 kilos Rhinzoni or Flamengia @ Php
500/kilo=P2,000
B. Fertilizer
- 80 Bags fertilizer at 2000 Php/ bag
=160,000

Component D. Implementation of UMCT, 1,082,500.00


SALT and multi-cropping system

Activity 1. Actual digging


- 600 Micro Catchment Establishment at 300 180,000
Php/catchment
Activity 2. Establishment of contours
A. Assumptions:
( One hectare can be established by 2 person in 5
days at rate of 300 Php/day/person) 120,000
- 40 hectares x 3000 Php/hectare.
Activity 3. Cost of Labor for Physical Development 742,500
within 40 hectares watershed and 5 hectares River
bank
(Given Condition: Food for work at 150 Php worth
of food pack for 4 hours work)
A. Site Preparation
- Staking at 1500 Php/ha.
- Brushing at 3000 Php/ha
- Hole Digging at 3000 Php/ha
- Basal Fertilization at 1500 Php/ha
- Hauling of Seedlings at 1500 Php/ha
- Out planting at 1500 Php/ha
B. Maintenance
- Brushing at 3000 Php/ha
- Fertilization at 1500 Php/ha

Sub-total Cost = 16,500 Php/ha

Total Labor Cost = 16,500 Php/ha x 45 hectares


(including river bank) = 742, 500 Php

Activity 4. Establishment and maintenance of AWS 20,000.00

Activity 5: IEC on AWS use and data collection 20,000.00


Component E. Project Monitoring, 41,600.00 562,0
Assessment and Reporting
Activity 1. Regular Monitoring of the project
implementation
A. Mobilization of City ENRO and CAO
Personnel
- 6 Personnel from City ENRO and CAO to do the 21,600 540,
project implementation at least 15 days /month for 5
months at an average rate of 1200
php/day/personnel
Partner Counterpart = 6 personnel x1200 Php/day x
15 days/month x 5 months

Transportation
60Liters x 6months x 60.00/liter
Activity. 2 Project Assessment 10,000.00 4,00

Activity 3. TWG regular meetings, Assessment and 10,000 18,00


Report Writing and submission to WFP
TWG Meetings

TOTAL Php 2,988,100.00 Php