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PEME1300 Reservoir Engineering Problem Sheet

To be submitted by Thursday 13th November 2014, 2pm

Submission: electronically on the VLE in the Submission Area of the PEME1300 module

Answer all questions.
For the questions in Part A you are required to show all your calculations.
For every question in Part B you are required to choose all responses which apply, without
showing your calculations. For example: Q12 (A), Q13 (A, B), etc.

Part A [Total 60%]

Question 1 [Total 30%]

A reservoir is being evaluated. The oil formation volume factor of this reservoir is Bo= 1.23 rb/stb.
The estimated recovery factor is 0.65. The reservoir has an area of 32 acres and has 4 layers with
properties shown in Table 1:

Use these properties to calculate:

(i) the average porosity of the reservoir
(ii) the average oil saturation of the reservoir
(iii) the original oil in place (STOIIP) in the reservoir
(iv) the reserves in this reservoir.

Question 2 [Total 30%]

a) In an oil reservoir it was estimated before starting production that there was a 90% chance of
producing at least 100 MMstb (MMstb represents million stock tank barrel), 50% chance of
producing 500 MMstb and 10% chance of producing 700 MMstb. That is we are sure we can
produce at least 100 MMstb, and we will produce as much as 500 MMstb, and we will possible
produce as much as 700 MMstb. What are the proved, probable and possible reserves in this

b) In an oil and gas reservoir, the gas-oil contact is located at 8650 ft. The pressure at the oil-
water contact is 4192psi. Calculate the pressure at 8700ft, assuming that the gradient in the oil
zone of the reservoir can be estimated from Figure 1.

Figure 1. Variation of pressure with depth in an oil and gas reservoir.


Part B [Total 40%]

Multiple choice questions (MCQs)

For each of the following questions choose all responses which apply. Each question is worth 5%,
with a total of 40% available.

Q1. A reservoir has an area of 100m2, a thickness of 10m and a porosity of 0.2. The pore volume
of this reservoir is:
(A) 2x103m3
(B) 200m3
(C) 200m2
(D) 20000m3
(E) None of the above

Q2. The oil initially in place in a reservoir is 840x 106 stb. It is estimated that 640 x106stb oil can
be produced from this reservoir. Already 240 x106stb oil have been produced from this
reservoir. What are the current reserves in this reservoir?

(A) 640 x106stb
(B) 240x 106stb
(C) 840x 106stb
(D) 400 x106stb
(E) None of the above

Q3. A reservoir contains a fluid which is has an API density of 38oAPI. The following
statement(s) is(are) correct:
(A) This is a wet gas reservoir
(B) This is a volatile oil reservoir
(C) The gas-oil ratio (GOR) for this reservoir is expected to be lower than 2500scf/stb
(D) This is a dry gas reservoir
(E) This is a black oil reservoir

Q4. An oil reservoir has an original oil in place evaluated at STOIIP=3400 MMstb (MMstb
represents million stock tank barrel) and a recovery factor of 42%. The reservoir has already
produced 180 MMstb. The reserves in this reservoir are:
(A) 1428 MMstb
(B) 1248 MMstb
(C) 1428 x106stb
(D) 1248 x108stb
(E) None of the above

Q5. An oil reservoir has an area of 240m2, a thickness of 40m, an average porosity of 0.2 and a
connate water saturation of 0.22. The hydrocarbon pore volume of this reservoir is:
(A) 485.76 x10-9 km3
(B) 485.76 m3
(C) 149.76 x10-8km3
(D) 1497.6m3
(E) None of the above

Q6. The Specific Gravity (SG) of a 40o API oil is approximately:

(A) 0.228
(B) 0.183
(C) 0.825
(D) 0.327
(E) None of the above

Q7. An oil has a specific gravity (SG) of 0.65. Its density in oAPI oil is approximately:
(A) 86.19oAPI
(B) 68.19oAPI
(C) 71.84oAPI
(D) 42.84oAPI
(E) None of the above

Q8. The pressure at the gas-water contact in a gas reservoir is 4100psi. There is a 720ft continuous
gas column in this reservoir. Typical pressure gradients apply in the reservoir. What is the
pressure at the top of the reservoir?
(A) 4042.4
(B) 2021.2psi
(C) 404.2psi
(D) 4042.4psi
(E) None of the above