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Cincias da Natureza 8 ano

1. Define fatores biticos.


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2. Distingue relaes interespecficas de intraespecficas.


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3. Define predao. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,


prejudicado ou indiferente.
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4. Explica como que a predao regula a densidade de uma populao.


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5. Refere as caractersticas e estratgias adotadas pelos predadores.


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6. Refere os mecanismos adotados pelas presas. Explica-os.


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7. Define parasitismo. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,
prejudicado ou indiferente.
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8. Distingue ectoparasita de endoparasita.


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9. Define comensalismo. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,


prejudicado ou indiferente.
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10. Define mutualismo. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,


prejudicado ou indiferente.
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11. Define simbiose. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,


prejudicado ou indiferente.
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12. Define competio. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,


prejudicado ou indiferente.
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13. Explica porque que a competio essencial ao equilbrio dos


ecossistemas.
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14. Define canibalismo. D um exemplo, indicando o indivduo beneficiado,


prejudicado ou indiferente.
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15. Define cooperao.


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16. Define ser produtor.


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17. Define ser heterotrfico.


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18. Define decompositor.


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19. Qual o processo da qual os seres autotrficos retiram o seu alimento?
Explica este processo.
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20. Qual a fonte de energia para a realizao deste processo?


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21. Define consumidor.


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22. Refere a importncia dos decompositores.


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23. Os compostos orgnicos presentes nos alimentos so usados pelos seres


essencialmente para trs funes. Indica-as.
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24. Define respirao celular.


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25. Define cadeia alimentar.


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26. Define nvel trfico.
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27. Que seres vivos ocupam:


Primeiro nvel trfico:_______________________________________
Segundo nvel trfico:________________________________________
Terceiro nvel trfico:________________________________________

28. Define teia alimentar.


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29. Elabora uma teia alimentar.

30. Diz o que entendes por fluxo unidirecional da energia.


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31. Uma cadeia alimentar raramente possui mais de cinco nveis trficos.
Explica este facto.
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