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TEST PAPER

(General Physics)
1. The main scale of a screw gauge reads in millimeter. The cap of the instrument is divided into 100 equal
parts. Find the diameter of a wire if no division on the main scale is completed and the cap has been
moved through 37 divisions, the zero error being 3 division.
2. The pitch of a screw gauge is 0.5 mm and there are 100 divisions on it circular scale. The instrument
reads +2 divisions when nothing is put in-between its jaws. In measuring the diameter of a wire, there are
8 divisions on the main scale and 83rd division coincides with the reference line.
(a) Calculate the least count of the instrument
(b) Find the diameter of the wire.

3. The pitch of a screw gauge is 1mm and there are 100 divisions on the cap. When nothing is placed in-
between its jaws, it reads 5 divisions. When a wire is held there, the reading on the main scale is 2 mm
and 69 divisions on its cap.
(a) Calculate the diameter of the wire
(b) If the length of the wire is 20 cm, determine its volume

4. The dimensions of a rectangle are measured with a scale of least count 1 mm. The length is measured as
l = 9.2 cm and the breadth is measured as 3.3 cm.
(a) Determine the uncertainty in each dimension of the rectangle
(b) Also, determine the uncertainty in its area.
5. The Youngs modulus of a steel wire is obtained by using the Searles Apparatus. The observations noted
during the experiment are as follows:
Length of the wire, L = 30 cm
Diameter the wire, d = 1 mm
Pitch of the micrometer, p = 0.5 mm
No. of divisions on the disc, N = 100
Least count of the Micrometer, C = 0.005 mm
Micrometer reading for no load, R0 = 0.0540 mm
S. No. Load on the Micrometer Reading (mm)
hanger M (kg) Load increasing R1(mm) Load Decreasing R2 (mm)
1. 0.5 0.555 0.545
2. 1.0 0.565 0.555
3. 1.5 0.575 0.565
4. 2.0 0.580 0.580
5. 2.5 0.585 0.595
6. 3.0 0.595 0.605
7. 3.5 0.610 0.610
8. 4.0 0.625 0.615
9. 4.5 0.630 0.630
10. 5.0 0.640 0.640
(i) Plot a graph between extension l and load M.
(ii) Calculate the value of Youngs Modulus.

6. A postoffice box is used to determine the internal resistance of cell. Two successive values I and II of R
are obtained at which the galvanometer shows decreasing and increasing deflections, respectively. The
observations are recorded in the following table.
S. R lies in-between r = R(R2/R1)
R1 () R2()
No. I () II () I () II ()
1. 10 10 12 13
2. 100 10 123 124
3. 1000 10 1236 1237
Determine the internal resistance of the cell.
Narayana IIT Academy : 2/40, Ajacent Central Market, West Punjabi Bagh, N. Delhi-26 Ph.: 55479790, 52463074, Fax. 52463073
7. Area of an annular ring is to be calculated by measuring external radius r 1 = 3.07 + 0.01mm and internal
resistance r2 = 4.00 + 0.2 mm. Calculate maximum error in measurement of area ?

8. Length of an iron rod is measured by using screw gauge. Least count of main scale is 1 mm and no of
division in sphereometre is 200. When no object is placed in between then 70 th division of sphereometre
coincides with main scale. When iron rod is placed in between the jaws then 3.7 cm is measured on main
scale and 6th division of spherometer coincides with main scale. What is the length of rod.

9. Two resistances R1 = 8.0 0.1 and R2 = 4.0 0.2 is connected with battery of potential
difference 10 0.1 volt. Calculate the current drawn through battery

R 1

R 2

G 0
10. Calculate dimension of K ; K ; where G is universal gravitational constant
0
0 is permitivity of vaccum
0 is permeability of vaccum
is the coefficient of viscosity

11. The length of a cylindrical body is measured by a venire caliper. The smaller division main scale is 0.5
mm and nine divisions of main scale are equal to 10 divisions of vernier scale. It is observed that 78 th
division of main scale coincides with 6th division of vernier scale. Calculate length of cylinder

12. Write dimensional formula for followings :



(a) where is energy per unit volume and
0
0 is permitivity of free space
I
(b) where I is intensity (i.e., Energy/Area)
2 B
Velocity
Angular frequency
B Bulk modulus
(c) k k boltzmans constant

(d) f focal length
f

***

Narayana IIT Academy : 2/40, Ajacent Central Market, West Punjabi Bagh, N. Delhi-26 Ph.: 55479790, 52463074, Fax. 52463073
SOLUTION

1
1. L.C. = 0.01mm
100
Zero correction = + N.C. = +3 L.C.
= 3 0.01 = 0.03 mm

2. Given P = 0.5 mm
zero correction = -N.C
= -2 (least count)
Pitch
Least count =
No.of division on circular scale
0.5
Least count = 0.005mm
100
zero correction = - 2 0.005 = 0.010
= 0.01 mm
main scale reading = 8 0.5 = 4mm
C.S. R. = 83 0.005 = 0.415 mm
Take reading = M.S.R. + C.S.R. + zero corrective
4 + 0.415 + (-2 0.005)
= 4.415 -0.010
= 4.405 mm

3. P = 1mm
P 1
Least count = 0.01mm
Division 100
zero correction = +N.C. = +5 0.01 = 0.05 mm
M.S.R. = 2 mm
C.S.R. = 69 (0.01) = 0.69 mm
true reading = M.S.R. + C.S.R. + zero correction
= 2 mm + 0.69 + 0.05
= 2.74 mm

4. (a) Since the uncertainty in the measured value is taken to be half of the least count of the
measuring instrument, therefore, the length and breadth may be written as
l = 9.20 0.05 cm = 9.20 0.5%
and b = 3.30 0.05 cm = 3.30 0.2%
thus, the uncertainty in the length and breadth are 0.5% and 0.2% respectively.

(b) The area of the rectangle may be calculated as


A = lb = (9.20 3.30) (0.5 + 0.2)
or A = 30.36 0.7%
or A = 30.36 0.7 cm2.

R1 R 2
5. The mean reading R for each load is calculated. And the mean extension for 2.5 kg
2
load is obtained by subtracting the first reading from sixth, second from seventh, and so on.
The observational table is completed as shown below:
Narayana IIT Academy : 2/40, Ajacent Central Market, West Punjabi Bagh, N. Delhi-26 Ph.: 55479790, 52463074, Fax. 52463073
S. Load on Micrometer Reading (mm) Extension Extension for
No. the Load Load for 2.5 kg load M
hanger M increasing Decreasing load l0 (mm) l = R R0
(kg) R1(mm) R2 (mm) (mm)
1. 0.5 0.555 0.545 0.050 0.010
2. 1.0 0.565 0.555 0.050 0.020
3. 1.5 0.575 0.565 0.050 0.030
4. 2.0 0.580 0.580 0.050 0.040
5. 2.5 0.585 0.595 0.050 0.050
6. 3.0 0.595 0.605 0.060
7. 3.5 0.610 0.610 0.070
8. 4.0 0.625 0.615 0.080
9. 4.5 0.630 0.630 0.090
10. 5.0 0.640 0.640 0.100

The mean extension for 2.5 kg load is l = 0.050 mm


Youngs modulus of steel wire is
MgL
Y
r 2l
here, M = 2.5 kg; g = 9.8 ms-2; L = 30 cm = 3.30 m; r = 0.5 mm = 0.5 10-3 m
l = 0.05mm = 5 10-5 m
(2.5)(9.8)(0.30)
Y
(3.14)(0.5 103 ) 2 (5 10 5 )
or Y = 1.87 1011 Nm-2
the figure shows a graph between l and M.

6. The completed observation table is given below:


The magnitude of the internal resistance of the cell lies in-between 12.36
and 12.37 .
The unknown resistance may be estimated as
12.36 12.37
r
2
or r = 12.365
S. R lies in-between r = R(R2/R1)
R1 () R2()
No. I () II () I () II ()
1. 10 10 12 13 12.0 13.0
2. 100 10 123 124 12.3 12.4
3. 1000 10 1236 1237 12.36 12.37

Log A = log r2 r1
2 2
7.
A 2r2 r2 2r1r1

A r22 r12

2
4 0.2 3.07 0.01
42 3.07
2

0.1263420

1mm
8. L.C. circular scale = 0.005mm
200
Narayana IIT Academy : 2/40, Ajacent Central Market, West Punjabi Bagh, N. Delhi-26 Ph.: 55479790, 52463074, Fax. 52463073
Error = 70 L.C. = 70 0.005 = 0.350 mm
M.S.R. = 3.7 cm
C.S.R. = 6 0.005 = 0.30 mm
Actual Length = (3.7 0.35 + 0.003) cm
= 3.668 cm

R equivalent
R1 R 2 R1
9.

R R1 R R 2
R 1 R 2 R1 R 2 0.01 0.2 0.1 0.2

R1 R2 R1 R 2 8 4 12
= 0.00125 + 0.05 + 0.025
= 0.07625
V
Hence I = 3.75
R
dI dV dR 0.1
0.07625 0.08625
I V R 10
dI = 3.75 0.08625 = 0.03234
I = 3.75 0.3234

10. G = M1 L3 T2
0 ML3I 2
0 ML3I 2
0 ML1T 2 I 2
k M 2 L6T1

11. N = 10
1
Vernier constant 1C = 0.05 mm
N
Since 78th division of main scale coincide with 6th division of v.s. therefore zero of vernier scale
may lie close to (78 6 = 72) division of main scale.
M.S.R. = 72 0.5 = 36 mm
Vernier Reading = 6 C = 6 0.05 = 0.3 mm

12. (a) MLT2T1


(b) MLT
(c) ML2T2K1
(d) L1

***

Narayana IIT Academy : 2/40, Ajacent Central Market, West Punjabi Bagh, N. Delhi-26 Ph.: 55479790, 52463074, Fax. 52463073