Você está na página 1de 1
arot7 Savana - Wikipedia o z Savanna From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close, The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.(112I8] Savannas maintain an open canopy despite a high tree density.{4l It is often believed that savannas feature widely spaced, scattered trees. However, in many savannas, tree densities are higher and trees are more ‘Typical tropical savanna in Northen regularly spaced than in forests.!51(S1718] The South American savanna ‘Australia demonstrating the high tree types cerrado sensu stricto and cerrado dense typically have densities _ density and regular spacing of trees similar to or higher than that found in South American tropical characteristic of many savannas forests,(517II8) with savanna ranging 800-3300 trees per hectare (trees/ha) and adjacent forests with 800-2000 trees/ha. Similarly Guinean savanna has 129 trees/ha, compared to 103 for riparian forest,{®l while Eastern Australian sclerophyll forests have average tree densities of approximately 100 per hectare, comparable to savannas in the same region.!9) Savannas are also characterised by seasonal water availability, with the majority of rainfall confined to one season; they are associated with several types of biomes, and are frequently in a transitional zone between forest and desert or grassland. Savanna covers approximately 20% of the Earth's land area Contents 1 Etymology 2 Distribution 3: Threats = 3.1 Changes in fire management = 3.2 Grazing and browsing animals = 3.3 Tree clearing = 3.4 Exotic plant species = 3.5 Climate change 4 Savanna ecoregions 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Etymology ‘The word originally entered English in 1555") as the Latin Zawana,!"2) equivalent in the orthography of the times to zavana (see history of V). Peter Martyr reported it as the local name for the plain around Comagre, the court of the cacique Carlos in present-day Panama. The accounts are inexact,.'4I but this is usually placed in present-day Madugandil'*! or at points on the nearby Guna Yala coast opposite Ustupol!® or on Point Mosquitos.!'7! These areas are now either given over to modern cropland or jungle.!'®) hitpiienwikipedaorgiviki'Savanna w