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# FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM

## UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY REPORT

TABLE CONTENT

NO CONTENT PAGE
1 Introduction 2
2 Objective 2
3 Apparatus 2
4 Procedure 2
5 Data Acquisition 3
6 Calculation 4
7 Discussion 5
8 Conclusion 5

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY REPORT

## TITLE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AIR COOLED SYSTEM

1.Introduction

Level 2 laboratory activities refer to the condition where only the problem is guided and
given. Students are required to find the ways and means and provide the answers to the
given assignment using the group creativity and innovativeness. The activity will enable the
students to appreciate independent learning and prepare them for much harder task of Open
Ended Laboratory activities.

In this laboratory activity students will be introduced to the concept, principles and the
mechanism of an Air Conditioning (AC) System-Air Cooled System. Nevertheless, student
also will be exposed to the main components of an AC System- Split Unit and the function of
the main components

2.Objectives

## The objective of this activity is:

1. To explain the basic components of an AC system.
2. To understand the basic operation, concepts and principles of an AC system.
3. To demonstrate the operating system of air cooling in an AC system.
4. To determine the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of an Air Conditioner.
3.Apparatus
1. Air conditioner
2. Remote air conditioner
4.Procedure

## 1. Switch on main power

2. Pressed the green button.
3. Pressed the remote air conditioner and set the temperature at 160C.
4. Let the trainer units run for four minutes until the process air conditioner cycle reacts
equilibrium condition based from pressure gauge
5. Tabulate the data for data collection
6. Plot the graph
7. Find the gradient of the graph.

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY REPORT

5.Data Acquisition

## Condition Pressure (bar) Temperature (0C)

Vapour P1=6 Temperature before
compressor, T1=18
Vapour P2=20 Temperature after
compressor, T2=72
Liquid P3=6.2 Temperature condenser,
T3=43

## Temperature oC Pressure (bar)

T1 Refrigerant 180c -
temperature at
compressor suction
T2 Refrigerant 720c -
temperature at
compressor
discharge
T3 Refrigerant 430c -
temperature after
condenser
P1 Compressor suction - 6 bar
pressure (low side)
P2 Compressor - 20 bar
discharge (high
side)

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY REPORT

6.Calculation

## P1= 6 bar P2= 20 bar P3= 6.2bar

T1= 180C T2= 720C T3= 430C
H1= 414 KJ/kg H2= 440 KJ/kg H3= H4=250 KJ/kg

## To determine the gradient based on the graph.

H 1H 4
COPr= H 2H 1

414250
=6.3076
440414

= 6.3076>3

= PASS!!!

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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM
UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
PASIR GUDANG LABORATORY REPORT

7.Discussion

At the end of this experiment, the result that have obtain based on the calculation.
The value of the pressure 1(P1) is 6 bar, P2 is 20 bar and P3 is 6.2 bar. The value of
pressure was obtained from the evaporator dial gauge. The temperature of T1 is 180C, T2=
720C, T3= 430C. Next, by using this data, we have obtained the reading of the enthalpy(H).
The value of H1= 414 KJ/kg, H2= 440 KJ/kg while H3= H4=250 KJ/kg. The gradient based
H 1H 4
on the graph can be calculated by the formula, COPr= H 2H 1 . So the value of the
gradient is 6.3076. The value allowable for the gradient must exceed than 3. Which is shows
the value was passed. During conduct the gradient, there have several error occur during
sketching the graph. For example, error parallax error.

8.Conclusion

Based on the end of the experiment, we have achieved the objective, which is. To
explain the basic components of an AC system, to understand the basic operation, concepts
and principles of an AC system, to demonstrate the operating system of air cooling in an AC
system and to determine the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of an Air Conditioner.

Air conditioning (often referred to as A/C, Air conditioner, or AC) is the process of
altering the properties of air (primarily temperature and humidity) to more comfortable
conditions, typically with the aim of distributing the conditioned air to an occupied space such
as a building or a vehicle to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality. In common use,
an air conditioner is a device that removes heat from the air inside a building or vehicle, thus
lowering the air temperature. The cooling is typically achieved through a refrigeration cycle,
but sometimes evaporation or free cooling is used. Air conditioning systems can also be