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MTS--6000A

MTS
Equipamento Multi-
Multi-Tecnologias para Testes de
Instalao e Manuteno em Redes Ethernet, SDH, OTN
e Fibre-
Fibre-Channel at 10Gbps
Modelo OSI (A Pilha)

Camada de Aplicao: interface entre a rede e as aplicaes de


7 programas

Camada de Apresentao: reformata dados que vo e vm das


6 camadas 7 e 4; Cuida da compresso e encriptao
Camada de Sesso: mantm a conexo entre o transmissor e o
5 receptor; cuida dos assuntos de segurana
Camada de Transporte: cria e envia pacotes; cuida das retransmisses
4
Camada de Rede: define endereos lgicos (nvel do roteador, IPv4 &
3 IPv6)
Camada Data Link: agrupa dados dentro de quadros (switch)
2
Camada Fsica: traduz bits em sinais (hub)
1

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OSI Layer Impact on Data Throughput
L7 Applications FTP, HTTP

L4 Protocols control transmission

IP Frames - Routing

Ethernet Frames - Switching

Bit rate Physical Layer

Frame Size
L1
Overhead
L2
Header
L3 Header
(IPv4)
L4 UDP
Header
L4 TCP
Header
 Actual throughput can
64 76% 55% 31% 21% 7%
be much less than the
128 86% 74% 61% 55% 47% SLA states
Up to 93% Bandwidth Reduction
256 93% 86% 79% 76% 72%  Depends on the
512 96% 93% 89% 88% 85% application
1024 98% 96% 94% 94% 93%
1280 98% 97% 96% 95% 94%
1518 99% 98% 96% 96% 95%

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LAN vs WAN
 Velocidades em LAN (comuns em Ethernet)
10 Mbps (10BaseT)
100 Mbps (100BaseT)
1000 Mbps (Gigabit Ethernet, 1000BaseT)
Equipamentos: Hubs & Switches
 Velocidades em WAN
Construdo sobre infraestruturas de telecom
e altamente populada com dispositivos
Equipamentos: interface de adaptao: SDH,
Frame relay, ATM, etc
DSL: at 6 Mbps, dependendo da distncia
central
Cabo: at 30 Mbps, controle de throttle pelo
provedor e surfing traffic dos vizinhos
E1 (a conexo digital empresarial mais
comum): 2,048 Mbps e multiplos
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Escolha de Esquemas de Roteamento

B
C B.1 B

D
A A B A

E
G B.2
B.3
F

Server

Broadcast Multicast Unicast


(1:todos) (1:grupo) (1:1)
MAC = FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF MAC range 01:00:5e:00:00:00 - 01:00:5e:7f:ff:ff MAC especifico do destino

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Enterprise / Metro Ethernet ? And VLANs
VLAN 100
VLAN 100

VLAN 200
VLAN 200

TRUNK
VLAN 200
VLAN 200 TRUNK VLAN 200
VLAN 100 VLAN 100 VLAN 100

VLAN 100

VLAN 100

VLAN 200

VLAN 200
VLAN 100
TRUNK VLAN 200
VLAN 100 VLAN 200

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Ethernet

10 GbE

100 Mbps
1 GbE

1 GbE

10 GbE

10 GbE

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Ethernet Over DWDM

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MTS 8000 System Screen

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Test Menu

Menu Bar The menu bar provides the following menus:


Test
Use the options listed on the Test menu to select your test application .
For example, to transmit patterns in a 10 Gig LAN circuit, select:
Test> Ethernet> !0Gig LAN > Layer2 Traffic > Terminate

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Transport Module Navigation Screen

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ToolBars

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Interface Grfica Customizvel

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Ethernet Test Configurations- Interface

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Ethernet Test Configurations- Interface

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Ethernet Test Configurations- Interface

Interface- Configures Flow Control, the preferred MAC address and the laser wavelength

P1: 10Gig LAN

P2: 1Gig Ethernet

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Ethernet Test Configurations

Uma rede local virtual, normalmente denominada de VLAN, uma rede logicamente independente. Vrias VLAN's podem co-existir em um
mesmo comutador (switch). O protocolo predominante o IEEE 802.1Q. As primeiras VLAN's geralmente eram configuradas para reduzir o
tamanho do domnio de coliso em um segmento Ethernet muito extenso para melhorar o desempenho. Quando os switch's descartaram este
problema (porque eles no tm um domnio de coliso), as atenes se voltaram para a reduo do domnio de broadcast na camada MAC.
Dependendo do tipo de configurao, os usurios ganham mobilidade fsica dentro da rede. Um outro propsito de uma rede virtual restringir
acesso a recursos de rede sem considerar a topologia da rede, porm este mtodo questionvel.
VLAN's podem ser estticas, dinmicas ou dependente da porta. Existem dois mtodos de estabelecer uma VLAN: por marcao de quadro
(frame-tagging) e por filtragem de quadro (frame-filtering). A marcao de quadro modifica a informao que est contida dentro do quadro da
camada 2, de tal modo que os switch's podem encaminhar o trfego da VLAN para as suas VLAN's de destino e voltar o quadro ao seu formato
normal. A filtragem de quadro faz o switch procurar por um certo critrio no quadro da camada 2 e usar este sistema de comparao para
encaminhar o trfego para sua VLAN e destino corretos.
Um dispositivo de camada 2 pode implementar VLAN's de trs maneiras diferentes;
VLAN's abertas (Open VLANs) tm um banco de dados de endereo MAC nico para todas as VLAN's.
VLAN's fechadas (Closed VLANs) tm um banco de dados de endereo MAC separado para cada VLAN.
VLAN's de modo mixado (Mixed Mode VLANs) podem ser configuradas como aberta ou fechada por VLAN.
VLAN's fechadas geralmente so consideradas mais seguras que VLAN's abertas.

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Ethernet Test Configurations
Virtual private LAN service (VPLS) is a way to provide
Ethernet based multipoint to multipoint communication over
IP/MPLS networks. It allows geographically dispersed sites to
share an Ethernet broadcast domain by connecting sites
through pseudo-wires. The technologies that can be used as
pseudo-wire can be Ethernet over MPLS, L2TPv3 or even
GRE. There are two IETF standards track RFCs (RFC 4761
and RFC 4762) describing VPLS establishment.
VPLS is a virtual private network (VPN) technology. In contrast
to L2TPv3, which allows only point-to-point layer 2 tunnels,
VPLS allows any-to-any (multipoint) connectivity.
In a VPLS, the local area network (LAN) at each site is
extended to the edge of the provider network. The provider
network then emulates a switch or bridge to connect all of the
customer LANs to create a single bridged LAN

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Ethernet Test Configurations

Q-in-Q ou VLAN dentro de VLAN


O protocolo Ethernet fornece acesso rede de forma
semelhante para todos os usurios, e na Metro Ethernet
necessrio prover servios de forma diferenciada para cada um
dos clientes, por isso preciso utilizar a idia de redes virtuais
e, uma soluo para o mesmo tipo de problema existente na
Ethernet foi utilizado na Metro Ethernet, que o conceito de
VLAN's (virtual LAN), porm para no ocorrer conflitos entre a
VLAN da metroethernet com a VLAN de algum cliente foi
proposto a criao de um novo tipo de VLAN chamado de S-
VLAN (Service VLAN) e a VLAN comum foi renomeada para C-
VLAN (Customer VLAN).
A S-VLAN permite o encapsulamento de uma C-VLAN dentro
dela, mantendo o funcionamento da VLAN do cliente. O pacote
da S-VLAN sofre um pequena alterao no valor do EthType
para diferenci-lo do C-VLAN

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Ethernet Test Configurations

Ethernet - Sets the Ethernet frame overhead for the transmitted frames

Options Configuration
Activate Button

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Ethernet Test Configurations

Tx Payload- Determines what information/BER pattern will be transmitted within the payload of the Frame/packets.

Source and Destination IP- sets up Layer 3 end-to-end connectivity

Time to Live (TTL)- Tells the network how many layer 3 devices this packet can transverse before it is discarded as
undeliverable.

Destination Type- Sets the type of MAC on the frame, unicast, multicast, and broadcast are the choices.

Destination MAC- Identifiers the Layer 2 destination. (Layer 2 source MAC was configured on the Interface tab)

Frame Type- identifies the transmitted frames as being one of the two Ethernet formats.

Frame Length- sets the length of the transmitted frames so that the correct service can be emulated, i.e. voice, data,
or video

VLAN Tagging- Allows the transmitted frames to carry a VLAN tag and emulate VLAN services.

VLAN ID- Identifies the VLAN to which the transmitted frame belongs.

User Priority- Sets the VLANs priority, 7 being the highest and 0 the lowest.

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Ethernet Test Configurations

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Transmitting Layer 2 Patterns

Acterna Pattern
Time Stamp
Sequence #

BERT Sequence
Pattern in the
Data Field

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Ethernet Filter Configurations
Create a Filter Results
View

Ethernet Filter - Allows for


segregation of information on a
network so that information can be
used to analyze circuit conditions

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Ethernet Filter Configurations

Create a Filter Results


View

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Ethernet Filter Configurations

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Ethernet Traffic Test Configurations

Choose the Test


Traffic Type

Traffic Amount in
Mbps or %

Traffic- Configures the traffic patterns and parameters to be transmitted so as to emulate voice, data, and video information flow.

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Ethernet Traffic Test Configurations
Duty Cycle- Determines the percentage of the time
that the traffic will be sent in a burst configuration.
Frames/Burst- Determines the size of each burst in
terms of the numbers of frames sent.
Frame Size- Selects the sizes of each transmitted
frame. A fixed size frame emulates bursty voice or
video, such as when silence suppression is used. A
Random frame size emulates the nature of data
transmissions
Burst Type- This will allow the set parameters to
happen for a definite about of time or for a definite
about of bursts in the Fixed mode while Continuous
bursting allows a constant load to be transmitted.

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Ethernet Traffic Test Configurations

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Ethernet Traffic Test Configurations

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Ethernet Test Configurations- Time

Specify Test
Run Time

Time- Allows a delayed test, timed test, or continuous tests to be run.

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Status LEDs
 Signal Present- Signal is present on the media.

 Sync Acquired- Auto Negotiated with the Ethernet device and


is in synchronization

 Link Active- Transmitting and receiving information on this link


is possible

 Frame Detect- Frames detected on this link

 Acterna Detect- Frames with the Acterna designed payload are


present

 L2 Pattern Sync- the BER pattern is synchronized within the


Ethernet/IP payload

 VLAN Frame Detect- VLAN tagged frames are present

 SVLAN Frame Detect- VLAN tagged frames are present

 Local Fault Detect - No local faults have occurred since the last
test restart..

 Remote Fault Detect If red the Transport Module is transmitting


a remote fault indication in response to the receipt of a remote
fault indication from its link partner. Only applicable for 10 Gig

 History- This event has taken place since the results started
being acquired.

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Which Tests Can Be Performed

 Layer 1 BERT
 Layer 2 BERT
Constant
Burst
Ramp
Flood
 Layer 3
BERT
PING
Traceroute
 Vlan Testing
 Priority Testing
 Streams
 Loopbacks
 RFC 2544
 Service disruption recovery time
 Measuring Round Trip Delay

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Result Window - Sumary

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Result Window Interface & Graphs

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Result Window Ethernet L2 Link Stats

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Result Window Ethernet L2 Link Stats

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Result Window Ethernet L2 Link Stats

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Result Window Ethernet L2 Link Stats

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Result Window Ethernet L2 Link Stats

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Result Window Ethernet L2 Link Counts

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Resultados - Filter Stats/Counts

Filter Stats Filter Counts


 Util %, Avg  Valid Rx Frames
 Util %, Cur  Rx Acterna Frames
 Util %, Peak  Out of Seq Frames
 Frame Rate, Avg  VLAN Frames
 Frame Rate, Cur  Unicast Frames
 Frame Rate, Min  Multicast Frames
 Frame Rate, Peak  Broadcast Frames
 Frame Size, Avg  64 Byte Frames
 Frame Size, Min  65-127 Byte Frames
 Frame Size, Max  128-255 Byte
 Round Trip Delay, Frames
Avg  256-511 Byte
 Round Trip Delay, Frames
Min  512-1023 Byte
 Round Trip Delay, Frames
 >1024 Byte Frames
Max
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Resultados - Filter Stats/Counts

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Resultados - Error Stats

Error Stats Contagem de cada palavra de 10 bits errada recebida na


 Symbol Errors camada fsica. Este resultado no ser incrementado mais
de uma vez por pacote

Contagem dos pacotes com erros de Frame Check


 FCS Errored Frames Sequence (FCS)

 Runts Contagem dos pacotes com tamanho menor que 64 bytes e


com erro de Frame Check Sequence (CRC)

Contagem dos pacotes com tamanho maior que 1518 bytes


 Jabbers (ou 1522 bytes para pacotes com VLAN) e um erro de FCS

 Undersized Frames Contagem dos pacotes com tamanho menor que 64 bytes

Contagem dos pacotes com tamanho maior que 1518 bytes


NOTA: Caso o instrumento esteja configurado para transmitir ou
 Oversized Frames monitorar jumbo frames, os pacotes que excederem o tamanho de
1518 bytes (ou1522 bytes para VLAN) no sero considerados
oversized

 Errored Frames Somatria das contagens de FCS Errored Frames, Runts,


Undersized Frames, e Oversized Frames

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Resultados - AutoNeg Status

AutoNeg Status
 Link Adv Status  Speed (Mbps)
 Link Config ACK  Duplex
 Pause Capable  100Base-TX FDX
 FDX Capable  100Base-TX HDX
 HDX Capable  10Base-T FDX
 Remote Fault  10Base-T HDX
 Link Adv Status  Remote Fault
 Link Config ACK

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Before Connecting Gather Information
 Gather information
Vlan IDs
Ethernet from end to end or IP too
 Determine if it will be a Layer 1 or Layer 2 or Layer 3 test
Layer 1
Ensure that there is no device in the path which requires addressing
Can use a Loopback
Layer 2
Layer 2 Patterns or Throughput test (Can not use a loopback when switched)
Destination MAC Address
Required throughput rate
Auto-negotiation
Flow Control
Vlan info
Layer 3
Destination IP Address
Connectivity test or throughput test (can not use a loopback when switched)
Required throughput rate
Auto-negotiation
Flow Control
Vlan Info

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Testes Fora de Servio

Estabelecendo conectividade

Elemento de Acesso/
Dispositivo Ethernet

LOS

ACTIVE

STATUS

TX

RX

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Testes Fora de Servio

Resolvendo problemas de
conectividade em 1 GbE

 Causas Potenciais:
Transmissor no elemento de
acesso est desligado ou
com problema. Verique o
nvel de sinal ptico

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Testes Fora de Servio

Resolvendo problemas de
conectividade em 1 GbE

 Causas Potenciais:
Instrumento remoto no est
conectado
Elemento de rede local
apresenta problema no
receptor ou elemento de rede
remoto apresenta problema
no transmissor

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Testes Fora de Servio

Resolvendo problemas de
conectividade em 1 GbE

 Causas Potenciais:
Instrumento remoto no est
conseguindo sincronizar-se
Instrumento remoto est
tentando sincronizar-se mas
h um problema com auto-
negociao. Verifique se a
auto-negociao est ligada
em ambos os instrumentos
ou desligada em ambos os
instrumentos

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Testes Fora de Servio

Resolvendo problemas de
conectividade em 1 GbE

 Causas Potenciais:
No foi iniciado a
transmisso de trafego

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Testes Fora de Servio

Resolvendo problemas de
conectividade em 1 GbE

Transmisso OK

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Testes Fora de Servio

Testes Fim-a-fim

 Entre com o endereo de origem do instrumento


remoto como endereo de destino do instrumento local
e vice versa
 O endereo de origem pode ser
achado no menu Ethernet, SA
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Testes Fora de Servio

Medio de Service Disruption Time (Svc Disruption)

 Medio do intevalo de tempo em


que o servio ficou indisponvel
devido a comutao do switch
para um ciruito de proteo
 Carga recomendada de trfego:
Const, %BW, 100
 Selecione Start Traffic
 No instrumento local, zere o valor
do service disruption no boto
Reset Svc Disruption
 Provoque a comutao do switch
para o circuito de proteo
 Verifique em Link Stats: Svc
Disruption (ms)
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Testes Fora de Servio

Testes em Loopback:
Loopback fsico (camada 1)
Elemento de Rede Elemento de Rede
(non-switched networks) LOCAL REMOTO

LOS LOS

ACTIVE ACTIVE

STATUS STATUS

TX TX

RX RX

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Testes Fora de Servio

Testes em Loopback Elemento de Rede Elemento de Rede


Loopback no circuito LOCAL REMOTO

(Camada 2)
(Switched networks) LOS LOS

 Loopback manual: ACTIVE ACTIVE

STATUS STATUS

TX TX
(Instrumento inverte endereos
(Origem) MAC de origem e destino)
RX RX

Instrument
oremoto:

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Configuring for Head-to-Head Testing

 For Layer 1 testing the equipment in the path should not require any addressing.
 For Layer 2 BERT the equipment in the path should not require any addressing
 For Layer 2 Throughput Testing the equipment should not require any Layer 3
addressing

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Configuring for Loopback Testing

Loopable NIU or
second test set

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Test Access Points for In-line or Through Mode Testing

CE

FST-2802

Customer Edge Provider Edge

PE

WAN Through mode-


Through mode- In-line
In-line

FST-2802

PE
PE

CE
CE

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Test Access Points using an Optical Tap or Splitter

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Ethernet and IP Testing with
the MTS 6000A
Layered Testing
Layer 1 Ethernet Testing
 WDM or Dark Fiber Based  If you are testing on an
Ethernet unswitched 1G Ethernet
 No Addressing Required network, when you perform an
 Unswitched Ethernet Service end-to-end test, you can
transmit BER patterns in the
 If you use Layer 1 BER Testing bit stream to
on a Layer 2 service the determine the ratio of
switches would not let it through erroneous
to the second test set bits to the total bits received.

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BER Testing on Unswitched (layer 1) Ethernet networks

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BER Testing on Unswitched (layer 1) Ethernet networks

If you are testing on an unswitched 1G Ethernet


network, when you perform an end-to-end test,
you can transmit BER patterns in the bit stream
to determine the ratio of erroneous bits to the
total bits received

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Layer 2 Ethernet Throughput Testing

 Throughput testing
 Test set # 1 transmits to the MAC address of test set #2
 Configure test set for the required rate through the network
 Verifies that the network is properly provisioned

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Layer 3 IP Connectivity Testing

 PING
10 GbE

100 Mbps
1 GbE

1 GbE
10 GbE

10 GbE

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Layer 3 IP Connectivity Testing

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Layer 3 IP Connectivity Testing Setup

or

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Layer 3 IP Connectivity Testing

 Traceroute
10 GbE

100 Mbps
1 GbE

1 GbE

10 GbE

10 GbE

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Layer 3 IP Connectivity Testing - Traceroute

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Vlans Testing

 Transmit frames tagged with a vlan ID from one


test set to a second test set
 Verify if traffic is received by the second test set
 Checks if proper mapping exists through the
network

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Priority Testing

1000
1000 Mbps 1000
Mbps Mbps
1000 1000
Mbps Mbps

 Transmit Frames/Packets with no priority and with


priority fields set
Vlan, ToS, DSCP
 Ensure that the high priority frames/packets are not
dropped and are received on the other test set

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Streams Testing

1000
1000 Mbps 1000
Mbps Mbps
1000 1000
Mbps Mbps

 Transmit multiple streams ( simulates multiple


devices communicating
Each stream can contain frames/packets containing
different throughput rates, Vlans IDs , priorities
 Test ensures that prioritization is configured
properly throughout the network
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Ethernet Application highlight Traffic prioritization

 Next generation Triple Play networks are leading towards network


prioritization of traffic, based on the application type
 Requirements are to verify:
Whether streams are prioritized per their CoS profiles
Whether bandwidth, frame loss, packet jitter and delay are correct
per CoS profiles
INGRESS EGRESS

Service Priority 7 = Video


7 Video

VLAN .p Service Priority 6 = Voice 6 Voice


Video/Voice/
field or
Data Traffic Outgoing
TOS/DSCP
Service Priority 3 = E-com 5 Voice Interface

No Service Priority = Web Services 0 Data

Examine DSCP and Switching Servicing


Prioritize

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Graphical Ethernet Screenshots

Throughput over Time Multi Streams


Configuring an Ethernet frame

Multiple Streams View

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RFC 2544 script

RFC2544 Conformance Testing


The RFC2544 feature represents a benchmarking methodology for testing
Ethernet links
FST-2802 performs 4 tests (per RFC2544) in automated scripted fashion:
Throughput,
Latency,
Burstability (back-to-back frames), and
Lost frames
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RFC 2544 script

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RFC 2544 script

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Configurao da norma RFC 2544 (alguns parmetros podem ser alterados)

O padro pela RFC2544 de 60 segundos

O padro pela RFC2544 de 20 tentativas


O padro pela RFC2544
de 120 segundos

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Configurao da norma RFC 2544 (alguns parmetros podem ser alterados)

Quando a granularidade
configurada para 10%, o teste
iniciar com 100% de utilizao e
contar o nmero de pacotes
descartados. O teste ser
repetido para 90% de utilizao.
Esta sequncia continuar
(reduzindo 10% a cada intervalo)
at que sejam realizadas duas
sequncias de teste em que
nenhum pacote seja perdido.

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RFC 2544 script

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RFC 2544 script

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RFC 2544 report

35 pgs

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RFC 2544 Expert

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RFC 2544 Expert

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Measuring Service Disruption Time
In-Service Line

Protect Line*
* Becomes the In-Service Line
if the In-Service Line fails

 To measure service disruption time configure the test sets for an End to End
test using the Constant load option configured for 100 % Bandwidth usage.
 On the near end MTS 8000, clear the service disruption time by selecting the
Reset Svc Disruption action button.
 Initiate the switch to the protect line.

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Measuring Round Trip Delay

 1 Setup and configure


a loopback test

 Under Payload, select Acterna. The Acterna payload transmits frames


with a time stamp and sequence number. You must select an Acterna
payload to measure round trip delay.
 In Length, select are commended length (64, 128, 256, 512, 1024,
1280, or 1518).
 Verify the following Link Stats results: Delay, Max ( us) Delay, Min (us)
Delay, Avg (us)
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Capture/Decode

 Capture/Decode Option Feature Overview


 Set up a basic filter
 Capture traffic at Ethernet data rates up to and including 10G
 Perform post-capture analysis
 Display packet decodes on the 6000 UI with Wireshark
 Capture/decode troubleshooting in a Portable Instrument

 Typical User Group


 Field Technicians
 Operators whose field technicians need in-depth capability to
troubleshoot next generation Carrier Ethernet and IP networks
 Canadian Service Providers, Govt agencies, Cable providers,
International Telcos offering converged or Triple Play services

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Simplified Capture Filter Interface

HTTP

HTTP traffic is captured


to and from 10.10.52.1

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Capture

 Capture packets from existing Ethernet & IP Applications


 Apply filters to maximize efficiency
 Ability to export capture files that can be given to higher level techs
 Capture in both directions simultaneously using Thru mode
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Decode using Wireshark

 Run Wireshark on the unit to decode the packets post capture

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10 Gigabit Ethernet

10 GbE

100 Mbps
1 GbE

1 GbE

10 GbE

10 GbE

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MTS-6000A
Sumrio

Suporta
velocidades de
10Mbps at
10Gbps!
Principais aplicaes:
Testes completos em
Ethernet 10/100/1000Mbps
e 10GbE LAN e WAN;
Testes completos em SONET/SDH de
155Mbps (STM-1) 10Gbps (STM-64);
Testes SDH com alarmes, configurao de
overhead e erros;
Testes Ethernet com suporte MPLS/VPLS,
Scrips RFC-2544, Multiplas Streams e IPTV

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Obrigado!

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