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Taylor Villani

Growth and Development 2

02-07-17

Age Group Research

3 Year Old Milestones:


Physical:
At a glance, three year olds usually get better at using their fine motor skills.
Become more interested in playing with other children.
They can walk without tripping
Jump, hop and stand on one foot.
Walk backwards and climb stairs.
Kick and throw a small ball and catch a bigger ball most of the time.
Climb
Start pedaling a tricycle or bike
Play with toys with small moving parts and buttons
Turn pages of a book one at a time
Build with mega blocks and create towers of six or more blocks.
Work door handles and twist on bottle tops
Cognitive:
Name eight colors in a crayon box.
Recite numbers to 10 and start counting groups of things.
Start understanding time in terms of morning, night, and days of the week.
Remember and retell favorite stories.
Understand and talk about things that are the same and different.
Follow simple three step directions
Language:
Use basic rules of grammar
Speak well enough that even strangers can understand
Use 5 or 6 words in sentence and have a two or three sentence conversation.
Tell their name, name of a friend, and common objects.
Understands words like in, on, behind and next.
Ask, wh, questions to get more info.
Social and Emotional:
Be interested in doing new things.
Start to play with children
Start being able to comfort and show concern for unhappy friends.
Take turns
Play real life with toys and play kitchens
Find simple ways to solve arguments and disagreements
Show emotions
Taylor Villani

Growth and Development 2

02-07-17

Age Group Research

Taken from understood.org


Red flags:
Cant jump in place
Cant ride a trike
Cant grasp a crayon between fingers.
Has difficulty scribbling
Cant copy a circle
Cant stack four blocks
Still clings or cries when parent leaves
No interest in interactive games
Ignores other children
Dont respond to people outside of family
Dont engage in fantasy play
Resists dressing, sleeping and using the toilet.
Lashes out with no control when upset
Dont use sentences of more than three words

Taken from preschoollearningcenter.org

Characteristics of a Three Year Old


Cognitive (Personal Curiosity and Autonomy)
1. Shows a curiosity in the investigation of new things
2. Asks questions
Senses
1. Demonstrates accurate sense of smell and touch.
2. Identifies common sounds
3. Places objects on their outlines
4. Observes objects closely
Memory
1. Recalls three objects that are visually presented.
2. Identifies what is missing from a picture.
3. Acts out simple everyday activities.
4. Recalls events from the day prior.
Logical Thinking
1. Places three events from pictures in sequence and expresses each picture in
a thought.
Taylor Villani

Growth and Development 2

02-07-17

Age Group Research

2. Understands certain dangers such as hot objects and moving cars.


Relationships
1. Pairs related objects and pictures.
2. Recognizes what doesnt belong in a grouping of pictures and items.
Creativity
1. Draws a face with facial parts and stick arms and legs.
2. Dramatizes a simple story.
3. Uses animistic thinking.
4. Play using symbols.
Language
Sentence structure
1. Speaks in four to six word sentences.
2. 300 word vocabulary
3. Uses I, , you, me, she and he correctly.
4. Engages in simple conversation.
5. Memorizes and repeats rhyme and finger plays of four lines.
6. Understands sentences and questions are indicated by a relevant response.
7. Names plural form to refer to more than one.
8. Describes action in pictures.
Listening
1. Listens to short stories and poems
2. Follows two directions
3. Understands opposites
4. Understands prepositions
Labeling
1. Names concrete objects in the environment
2. Recognizes and names articles of clothing worn.
3. Recognizes and names pieces of furniture.
Self
1. Points to and names body parts
2. Tells own full name, sex and age.
3. Feels good about self and abilities.
Social Studies
Interpersonal
1. Enjoys being with other children.
Taylor Villani

Growth and Development 2

02-07-17

Age Group Research

2. Begins learning the give and take of play.


3. Begins participation in a group.
Concepts
1. Begins to understand that self and others change.
2. Understands that parental figures care for home and family.
3. Understands that people are alike and different in how they feel.
Math
Counting
1. Counts to ten
2. Understands number concepts
Classifying
1. Matches sets to containing up to five objects.
2. Constructs a set of blocks when given a mode.